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Results 251 - 300 of 828
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Saliba Susan A - - 2010
The transversus abdominis (TrA) is a spine stabilizer frequently targeted during rehabilitation exercises for individuals with low back pain (LBP). Performance of exercises on unstable surfaces is thought to increase muscle activation, however no research has investigated differences in TrA activation when stable or unstable surfaces are used. The purpose ...
Ebbens Fenna A - - 2009
The role of fungi in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is not clear. Fungi can be detected in the nose and paranasal sinuses of virtually all CRS patients; however, they also appear to be present in healthy controls. Various theories attempt to explain the mechanisms by which fungi can exert an effect ...
Farnfield Michelle M - - 2009
The effect of resistance exercise with the ingestion of supplementary protein on the activation of the mTOR cascade, in human skeletal muscle has not been fully elucidated. In this study, the impact of a single bout of resistance exercise, immediately followed by a single dose of whey protein isolate (WPI) ...
Gupta Alankar A Center for Perinatal Research, Nationwide Children's Hospital Research Institute, Columbus, Ohio 43205, - - 2009
The changes in esophageal propulsive characteristics during maturation are not known. Our aim was to define the effects of postnatal maturation on esophageal peristaltic characteristics in preterm human neonates. We tested the hypotheses that: (i) maturation modifies esophageal bolus propulsion characteristics, and (ii) the mechanistic characteristics differ between primary and ...
Stensel David - - 2009
Increasing physical activity has been associated with reduced risk of mortality and of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The proportion of people doing no physical activity in a week varies between countries, but can reach nearly 25% in Europe and the Americas. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed ...
Cole Gretchen - - 2008
A 14-yr-old male African warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) with a chronic history of intermittent unilateral epistaxis, degenerative osteoarthritis, and intermittent weakness in the distal lumbar trunk was evaluated to determine the source of epistaxis. No obvious cause was determined, and in light of severe osteoarthritis and a holosystolic cardiac murmur, the ...
Joice P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: No published data exists to support the belief that nose picking contributes to recurrent idiopathic paediatric epistaxis. If nose picking is implicated then there may be a higher incidence of epistaxis on the side of the dominant hand. The objective of the study was to determine whether nose picking ...
Ruscello Dennis M - - 2008
The velopharyngeal closure mechanism is the articulator that separates the oral and nasal cavities during speech and swallowing. Articulation and resonance may be adversely affected if velopharyngeal inadequacy (VPI) is present. VPI is generally corrected through surgery or speech prosthetics. There is, however, a small subset of clients who may ...
Lundberg Jon O - - 2008
The discovery within the paranasal sinuses for the production of nitric oxide (NO) has altered the traditional explanations of sinus physiology. This review article reports the ongoing investigation of sinus physiology beginning with the discovery of NO gas production in the paranasal sinuses that occurred in 1995, and the impact ...
Eliasson Lars - - 2009
Previous reports indicate an association between whole saliva secretion rate and xerostomia, but the association is not always found in individuals complaining of dry mouth. In the present study, we hypothesised that the minor salivary gland secretions could affect subjective feelings of oral dryness in individuals with normal or low ...
Panneton W Michael - - 2008
Stimulation of either the caudal pressor area (CPA) in the most caudal ventrolateral medulla with glutamate, or the nasal mucosa with ammonia vapors, induces an increase in mean arterial blood pressure (MABP). In the present study, we determined if neurons in the CPA serve as a relay for the increase ...
Johnston Paul S - - 2008
We report the design and construction of a cavity enhanced absorption spectrometer using broadband Brewster's angle prism retroreflectors and a spatially coherent 500 nm to >1.75 microm supercontinuum excitation source. Using prisms made from fused silica an effective cavity reflectivity of >99.99% at 1.064 microm was achieved. A proof of ...
Nozaki Sonoko - - 2008
PURPOSE: Swallowing difficulty is increased along with progression of respiratory disturbance in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Scalerosis (ALS). To analyze the respiratory patterns during swallowing is important for the management of this disease. In this study, we evaluated apnea/hypopnea during water swallowing and the respiratory cycle at rest and after ...
Corty Eric W - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Ejaculatory latencies have been studied in coitus and with masturbation, but not with oral or manual stimulation by a partner. AIM: The present study extended research on ejaculatory latency to these outlets, and investigated the effect of perceived pleasure on self-reported ejaculatory latency. METHOD: A convenience sample of male ...
Yilmaz Ismail - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlation between adenoid tissue volume and three diagnostic methods of deciding whether to perform an adenoidectomy. METHODS: The study used 152 patients (mean age, 5.8+/-2.5 years; age range, 2-12 years) who underwent an adenoidectomy at our clinic between April 2005 and April 2007. Patients requiring a ...
Mandulak Kerry C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of altered fundamental frequency (F0) on nasalance levels of the vowels /i/ and /a/ produced by adults without cleft palate within a controlled sound pressure level (SPL) range. DESIGN: A prospective group design with convenience sampling from the University of North Carolina at Chapel ...
Mitterer Holger - - 2008
In German (and many languages) the alveolar nasal n can assimilate to [m] if followed by a labial (e.g. 'in Berlin' <-- "i[m] Berlin"). In a German spontaneous speech corpus (KielCorpus), one also finds a few cases in which an m followed by an alveolar consonant surfaces as [n] (e.g., ...
Bayazit Tamer Nurgun - - 2008
In the studies of room acoustics, the parameters that are taken into consideration while evaluating the acoustic performance of a hall are examined in two sections: objective acoustic parameters which can be measured and calculated and, subjective acoustic parameters which define the impacts of a hall's acoustical qualities over the ...
El Solh Ali A - - 2008
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at increased risk of atherothrombosis independent of the Framingham risk factors. Studies on hemostasis factors in OSA are scarce and inconsistent. We sought to understand the variation in atherothrombotic propensity as a function of apoptotic circulating endothelial cells (CECs) in OSA by investigating ...
Shi Xue Ying - - 2008
The identification of intestinal metaplasia (IM) in the esophagus is necessary for the selection of patients with Barrett esophagus (BE) for surveillance. We studied 108 esophageal biopsy and resection specimens, clinically diagnosed as BE, and stained them for CDX2, villin, HepPar-1, and cytokeratin (CK) 7 to investigate sensitivity for identifying ...
Baraniuk James N - - 2008
Nasal patency, with both congestion and decongestion, is affected in a wide variety of reflexes. Stimuli leading to nasal reflexes include exercise; alterations of body position, pressure, and temperature; neurologic syndromes; and dentistry. As anticipated, the vagal and trigeminal systems are closely integrated through nasobronchial and bronchonasal reflexes. However, perhaps ...
Piirainen Laura - - 2008
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) has demonstrated promising results in the treatment and prevention of atopic eczema. To study the effects of LGG on the oral immune response in adolescents and adults with birch pollen allergy combined with oral allergy syndrome. Patients received either LGG (n = 19) or a placebo ...
Huang Chih-Ling - - 2008
AIM: To compare screening performances of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ), the Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence (FTND) and the Heavy Smoking Index (HSI) with a view to determining the optimum cutoff scores using biomarkers as standards. BACKGROUND: Previous studies proposed inconsistent cutoff scores for the FTQ, the FTND as ...
Dirix Piet - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate diffusion-weighted (DW)-MRI as a noninvasive tool to investigate major salivary gland function before and after radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: DW-MRI was performed in 8 HNC patients before and after parotid-sparing RT (mean dose to the contralateral parotid gland <26 Gy). ...
Huck Jennifer L - - 2008
Dogs with brachycephalic conformation frequently suffer from stenotic nares. This study investigated the clinical effects of stenotic nares resection in shih tzu puppies using an amputation technique first described in 1949. The authors hypothesized that surgical correction of the stenotic nares would result in improvement of nasal discharge/noise, breathing difficulty ...
Cherry W Brett - - 2008
There is no consensus on diagnostic criteria for chronic rhinosinusitis. By convention, the symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis are similar to those of acute rhinosinusitis but last more than 8 weeks. Diagnosis is based on history, physical examination, and computed tomography scan of the sinuses or rhinoscopy. Treatment options are numerous ...
Ko Jen-Hung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinically, nasal obstruction is experienced frequently in the supine position, and the nasal autonomic nervous system (ANS) may be involved in the mechanism. The central ANS functions at maintaining cardiovascular hemodynamics. However, during postural change, the corresponding changes of the central ANS may simultaneously change the nasal airway as ...
Maniscalco M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) measurement is a simple and non-invasive method for monitoring airway inflammation. Similarly, nasal NO has been proposed as a surrogate marker in inflammatory diseases of the upper airways, e.g. allergic rhinitis. A new portable analyser using an electrochemical sensor has been developed for measurements of ...
Ishibashi Yoshinaga - - 2008
The behavior of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) pollens in an urban area was examined through the measurements of the dispersion characteristics at the various sampling locations in both outdoor and indoor environments. Airborne pollens were counted continuously for three months during the Japanese cedar pollen ...
Sharthkumar A - - 2008
The aim of this study was to characterize the adequacy and longevity of biological response to desmopressin (DDAVP) in a large Amish kindred of Type 2M von Willebrand disease (VWD) possessing C-to-T transition at nucleotide 4120 in exon 28 of A1 domain of von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene. Response to ...
Tahamiler Rauf - - 2008
CONCLUSION: Odiosoft-Rhino (OR) is a non-invasive test that is completed in an extremely short period of time. It is easy to perform and little patient cooperation is needed. OR is safe and could be used in the rhinological setting if further improved. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nasal obstruction objectively with a ...
Bonaccorso Antonio - - 2008
This study evaluated the pitting corrosion resistance of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments with different surface treatments in 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and NaCl solutions. Electropolished RaCe instruments were allocated to group A, non-electropolished RaCe instruments to group B, and physical vapor deposition (PVD)-coated Alpha files to group C (10 instruments ...
Seitz C S - - 2008
Physical exercise may induce upper and lower airway symptoms such as rhinitis and asthma. Rhinitis symptoms are often neglected although runny nose and nasal congestion may interfere with performance of the affected individual. A detailed history regarding locality and time of symptoms is of most significance for taking the appropriate ...
Bruno E - - 2008
In otorhinolaryngologist's experience the nasal out-breath of people affected by chronic nasal or paranasal infections may be characterized by peculiar odours. In a previous study we showed that an electronic nose (EN), examining nasal out breath was able to distinguish subjects affected by chronic rhinosinusitis from healthy subjects. The present ...
Vora Nishant - - 2008
The purpose of the research was to prepare metoclopramide HCl mouth/orally dissolving tablets (MDTs) using glycine, carboxy methyl cellulose and sodium alginate with sufficient mechanical integrity and disintegration time comparable to superdisintegrants. Application of Plackett-Burman design revealed that concentration of glycine (X(1)), concentration of carboxy methyl cellulose (X(2)) and tablet ...
Malin Steven K - - 2008
Minimal evidence has shown creatine (Cr) supplementation to enhance endurance performance in either humans or rats. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Cr supplementation on endurance performance during high-intensity exercise in trained male rats. Endurance performance was defined as the distance run. Sixteen days of ...
Bennett William D - - 2008
Both the route of breathing, nasal versus oral, and the effectiveness of the nose to filter inhaled, fine particles may differ between children and adults. This study compared (1) the nasal contribution to breathing at rest and during mild to moderate exercise in children (age 6-10 yr) versus young adults ...
Petrella Robert J RJ Faculties of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2008
Evidence is unequivocal that exercise training can improve health outcomes. However, despite this evidence, adoption of healthy lifestyles is poor. The physical environment is one possible determinant of successful adoption of healthy lifestyles that could influence outcomes in community-based intervention strategies. We developed a novel exercise prescription delivered in two ...
Yauger Belinda J - - 2008
Pre-ART cycle screening with saline infusion sonohysterography is effective at limiting cycle cancellation caused by endometrial polyps to 0.5%. Although a thickened lining at the time of baseline ultrasound can be indicative of a uterine polyp, a normal endometrial lining does not eliminate the possibility that a polyp will be ...
Ahmed-Nusrath A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In nasotracheal intubation, there are two main pathways in the nostril through which the endotracheal tube may pass. The lower pathway lies along the floor of the nose underneath the inferior turbinate. The upper pathway lies above the inferior turbinate, just below the middle turbinate. The lower pathway may ...
Takagi Mitsuhiro - - 2007
An 11-month-old Japanese Black steer with chronic bloat underwent clinical and histological analyses. During the observation period, it showed normal appetite and fecal volume but persistent chronic bloat symptoms. Compared to controls, the steer's feces contained undigested large straws. Necropsy revealed normal rumen, reticulum, and abomasum but a small omasum. ...
Hallani M - - 2008
Factors influencing nasal versus oral breathing in asthmatics are not well understood. The current authors hypothesised that asthmatic subjects have enhanced perception of nasal threshold loads, and switch from nasal to oral breathing at a lower load than healthy subjects. In total, 15 mild asthmatic and 20 healthy control subjects ...
del Genio G - - 2008
AIM: To determine the impact of total fundoplication on the spontaneous esophageal clearance, known as secondary peristalsis. BACKGROUND: Although there is general agreement that total fundoplication is not an obstacle to bolus swallowing (primary peristalsis), whether it is an obstacle to spontaneous esophageal clearance (secondary peristalsis) is still not clear. ...
Straszek S P - - 2007
The acute effects of pure inhaled glucan on respiratory inflammation remain inconclusive and not sufficiently examined with regards to the simultaneous interaction of glucan, endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS), and house dust in airway inflammation. This study aims at determining effects of simultaneous exposure to office dust and glucan on nasal and ...
Meneghetti Silvia Cristina - - 2007
This prospective study was undertaken to determine the safest means of supplemental oxygen delivery for patients undergoing facial cosmetic surgery under conscious sedation. Two common methods of oxygen delivery were used in 20 patients: (1) a nasal cannula and (2) a red rubber nasopharyngeal tube through which the cut ends ...
Bertone G - - 2007
We study the prospects for detecting weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) in a number of phenomenological scenarios, with a detector composed of a target simultaneously sensitive to both spin-dependent and spin-independent couplings, as is the case of COUPP (Chicagoland Observatory for Underground Particle Physics). First, we show that sensitivity to ...
Elsherif H S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between nasal nitric oxide (nNO) concentration and its influence on olfactory function. SETTING: Tertiary otolaryngology care centre. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis and 20 healthy subjects participated. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OUTCOME MEASURES: The nNO concentration was measured by chemiluminescence and olfactory thresholds ...
Farrelly Matthew C - - 2007
We used scanner data on cigarette prices and sales collected from supermarkets across the United States from 1994 to 2004 to test the hypothesis that cigarette prices are positively correlated with sales of cigarettes with higher tar and nicotine content. During this period the average inflation-adjusted price for menthol cigarettes ...
Chen Gang - - 2007
Nicotine, the major addicting agent in tobacco and tobacco smoke, undergoes a complex metabolic pathway, with approximately 22% of nicotine urinary metabolites in the form of phase II N-glucuronidated compounds. Recent studies have shown that UGT2B10 is a major enzyme involved in the N-glucuronidation of several tobacco-specific nitrosamines. In the ...
Odamaki Toshitaka - - 2007
It has been reported that intake of yogurt or powder supplemented with the Bifidobacterium longum BB536 probiotic strain alleviated subjective symptoms and affected blood markers of allergy in individuals with Japanese cedar pollinosis (JCPsis) during the pollen seasons of 2004 and 2005, based on randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. Furthermore, the ...
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