Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 835
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Berczik Krisztina - - 2012
Regular physical activity plays a crucial role in health maintenance and disease prevention. However, excessive exercise has the potential to have adverse effects on both physical and mental health. The scholastic and empirical discussion of excessive physical activity focuses on obsessive and compulsive exercising, and uses several labels. However, in ...
Tarnanen Sami P - - 2012
Although several everyday functions and sporting activities demand controlled use of the abdominal and back muscles while working with the upper limbs, the activity of core muscles during dynamic upper limb exercises in the standing position has not been studied extensively. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine ...
Otadi Khadijeh - - 2012
Objectives: A randomized, double-blind, clinical trial study was conducted with the aim of determining the efficacy of adding laser (830 nm) to ultrasound (US) and exercise for the management of shoulder tendonitis. Methods: 42 subjects (n=21, in adding laser group and n=21, in US and exercise group) received a course ...
Sullivan Stephen Norman - - 2012
Ten to 25% of healthy persons experience bloating. It is particularly common in persons with the irritable bowel syndrome and constipation. While the cause of bloating remains unknown old explanations such as a excessive intestinal gas, exaggerated lumbar lordosis and psychiatric problems have been disproved. New suggestions include recent weight ...
Niijima-Yaoita Fukie - - 2012
Exercise necessitates a large supply of O(2) and nutrients and rapid removal of CO(2) and waste products. Histamine is a regulator of the microcirculation (which performs these exchanges), suggesting a possible involvement of histamine in exercise. Histamine is released from either mast cells or non-mast cells. In the latter, histamine ...
Baker John G - - 2012
Exercise assessment and aerobic exercise training for postconcussion syndrome (PCS) may reduce concussion-related physiological dysfunction and symptoms by restoring autonomic balance and improving cerebral blood flow autoregulation. In a descriptive pilot study of 91 patients referred to a university clinic for treatment of PCS, a subset of 63 patients were ...
Yoshimura Kenji - - 2012
Tiotropium partially relieves exertional dyspnea and reduces the risk of congestive heart failure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. However, its effect on the sympathetic activation response to exercise is unknown. This study aimed to determine whether tiotropium use results in a sustained reduction in sympathetic activation during exercise. ...
Viswas Rajadurai - - 2012
To compare the effectiveness of supervised exercise program and Cyriax physiotherapy in the treatment of tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis). Randomized clinical trial. Physiotherapy and rehabilitation centre. This study was carried out with 20 patients, who had tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis). Group A (n = 10) had received supervised exercise program. ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2012
Shoulder pain is the third most common reason for consultation with a physiotherapist and up to 26% of the general population might be expected to experience an episode at any one time. Disorders of the shoulder muscles and tendons (rotator cuff) are thought to be the commonest cause of this ...
Voduc Nha - - 2012
Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease continue to experience significant functional limitation despite the use of both long-acting anticholinergic and beta-agonist inhalers. Theophylline is a widely available medication which may further improve lung function and exercise performance. Previous studies evaluating the effects of theophylline on exercise capacity in chronic ...
Jensen Rikke K - - 2012
Clinical experience suggests that many patients with Modic changes have relatively severe and persistent low back pain (LBP), which typically appears to be resistant to treatment. Exercise therapy is the recommended treatment for chronic LBP, however, due to their underlying pathology, Modic changes might be a diagnostic subgroup that does ...
Nostell Katarina E A - - 2012
The branched chain amino acid leucine is a potent stimulator of insulin secretion. Used in combination with glucose it can increase the insulin response and the post exercise re-synthesis of glycogen in man. Decreased plasma amino acid concentrations have been reported after intravenous or per oral administration of leucine in ...
Norton Christine - - 2012
Faecal incontinence is a particularly embarrassing and distressing condition with significant medical, social and economic implications. Anal sphincter exercises (pelvic floor muscle training) and biofeedback therapy have been used to treat the symptoms of people with faecal incontinence. However, standards of treatment are still lacking and the magnitude of alleged ...
Jones Gareth - - 2012
The extent to which patients follow treatments as prescribed is pivotal to treatment success. An exceptionally high level (> 95%) of HIV medication adherence is required to suppress viral replication and protect the immune system and a similarly high level (> 80%) of adherence has also been suggested in order ...
Deaner Robert O - - 2012
Much evidence indicates that men experienced an evolutionary history of physical competition, both one-on-one and in coalitions. We thus hypothesized that, compared to girls and women, boys and men will possess a greater motivational predisposition to be interested in sports, especially team sports. According to most scholars, advocacy groups, and ...
Passos Giselle Soares - - 2012
The purposes of this systematic/critical review are: 1) to identify studies on the effects of exercise on chronic insomnia and sleep complaints in middle-aged and older adults and to compare the results of exercise with those obtained with hypnotic medications and 2) to discuss potential mechanisms by which exercise could ...
Lamprecht Emily D - - 2012
Objectives were to evaluate effects of (1) repetitive arthrocentesis on biomarkers of inflammation (prostaglandin E(2), PGE(2)) and aggrecan synthesis (chondroitin sulfate-846; CS) in synovial fluid (SF); (2) exercise and superoxide dismutase (SOD) supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation, antioxidant status, and aggrecan synthesis, in horses. Preliminary trial. Standardbreds underwent four arthrocentesis ...
Johannsen Darcy L - - 2012
The physiologic effects of triiodothyronine (T3) on metabolic rate are well-documented; however, the effects of thyroxine (T4) are less clear despite its wide-spread use to treat thyroid-related disorders and other non-thyroidal conditions. Here, we investigated the effects of acute (3-day) T4 supplementation on energy expenditure at rest and during incremental ...
Toyama Kensuke - - 2012
Statin- and exercise-therapy are both clinically beneficial by preventing cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there is no information on the vascular effects of the combination of statins and exercise on arterial wall stiffness in CAD patients. The present study is a sub-analysis of PRESET study ...
Holmgren Theresa - - 2012
To evaluate if a specific exercise strategy, targeting the rotator cuff and scapula stabilisers, improves shoulder function and pain more than unspecific exercises in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome, thereby decreasing the need for arthroscopic subacromial decompression. Randomised, participant and single assessor blinded, controlled study. Department of orthopaedics in a ...
Rimer Jane J University Hospitals Division, NHS Lothian, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2012
Depression is a common and important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Depression is commonly treated with antidepressants and/or psychotherapy, but some people may prefer alternative approaches such as exercise. There are a number of theoretical reasons why exercise may improve depression. This is an update of an earlier review ...
Richard-Greenblatt Melissa - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to conduct a curriculum scan of Canadian undergraduate university programs to determine the relative emphasis placed on the activity and exercise after spinal cord injury (SCI), in the context of physical disability studies. Eighty-three Canadian Universities were evaluated for courses discussing: (i) general information ...
Himes Megan E - - 2011
Low Back Pain (LBP) affects 70-80% of the population. The transversus abdominis (TrA) has been implicated as part of the cause of LBP. Prevention and rehabilitation of LBP often target the TrA using exercises such as the side bridge accompanied with the abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM). However, it is unknown ...
Scudder Mark R - - 2011
Previous event-related brain potential (ERP) investigations have demonstrated that single bouts of physical activity have transient benefits to aspects of cognitive control. However, this line of research has yet to explore goal maintenance. ERPs were collected using a within-participants design with young-adults following 30-min of both moderate walking and a ...
Mulligan H - - 2011
Purpose: This study explored processes that influenced involvement in recreational exercise for individuals with neurological disability, to identify strategies to promote physical activity for health and well-being in this population. Method: Nineteen participants (11 males and eight females), aged 20-71 years, with a range of neurological conditions and functional limitations, ...
Dafna Merom - - 2011
Objectives: Public health recommendations for older adults highlight the need to engage in a combination of aerobic, muscle strength, flexibility and balance activities. This study characterised leisure time physical activity in older Australians (≥65 years), examining the diversity in reported activities. Design: Cross-sectional monitoring. Methods: The Exercise Recreation and Sport ...
Luo Zhidan - - 2012
Impaired aerobic exercise capacity and skeletal muscle dysfunction are associated with cardiometabolic diseases. Acute administration of capsaicin enhances exercise endurance in rodents, but the long-term effect of dietary capsaicin is unknown. The capsaicin receptor, the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) cation channel has been detected in skeletal muscle, the ...
Viana André Luiz Machado - - 2011
Many authors attribute the antioxidant activity of brewed coffee to its caffeine content. In addition, caffeine intake has been associated with increased performance during physical exercise. This study analyzed the in vivo effects of drinking caffeinated and decaffeinated instant coffee (8%, w/v) on oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activity in ...
Andersen Birgit - - 2012
Triple stimulation technique (TST) has previously shown that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) fails to activate a proportion of spinal motoneurons (MNs) during motor fatigue. The depression in size of the TST response, but no attenuation of the conventional motor-evoked potential, suggested increased probability of repetitive spinal MN activation during exercise, ...
Thomas A W - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to test the hypotheses that exercise is associated with generation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) ligands in the plasma and that this may activate PPARγ signaling within circulating monocytes, thus providing a mechanism to underpin the exercise-induced antiatherogenic benefits observed in previous studies. ...
Zimmer Karine Rigon - - 2012
The determination of cholinesterase activity in plasma and erythrocytes serves as a useful and sensitive biomarker of exposure to organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides. However, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activity may be influenced by factors such as age, gender, drugs, and physical exercise. The aim of this study was to ...
Manns Patricia J - - 2011
Participation in physical activity is fundamental for the maintenance of metabolic health and the prevention of major chronic diseases, particularly type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. A whole-of-day approach to physical activity promotion is increasingly advocated and includes not only increasing moderate-intensity physical activity, but also reducing sedentary time and ...
Stener-Victorin Elisabet - - 2012
To investigate the possible effects of low-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) and physical exercise on markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis, insulin sensitivity, and adipose tissue characteristics in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Secondary analyses of a prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial. Department of Physiology and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University ...
Sander Antoinette P - - 2011
BackgroundExercise has many benefits for breast cancer survivors, yet only half of survivors regularly exercise. Fear has been identified as a barrier to exercise for people with neuromusculoskeletal conditions, but has been minimally explored among women with breast cancer.ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to investigate factors that impact the ...
van den Tillaar Roland - - 2011
The purpose was to investigate the effect of three chest-press exercises with different degrees of freedom upon the sticking region and muscle activity in maximal attempts. It was hypothesized that, with increasing degrees of freedom the sticking region (the weakest region during the lift) would be longer since the muscles ...
Nooijen C F J - - 2011
Study design:A prospective cohort study.Objectives:To study the longitudinal relationship between objectively measured everyday physical activity level, and physical fitness and lipid profile in persons with a recent spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:A rehabilitation centre in the Netherlands and the participant's home environment.Methods:Data of 30 persons with a recent SCI were collected ...
Tobina T - - 2011
Peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor gamma co-activator-1 alpha (PGC-1α) plays a role not only as an activator of mitochondrial biogenesis, but also as a suppressor of inflammatory cytokines, which induce chronic diseases. Therefore, increasing PGC-1α expression can be one of the important factors for preventing chronic diseases. PGC-1α expression is activated by ...
Dantas Eduardo - - 2011
This paper aims to demonstrate that there is a gap in the way patient's autonomy is being discussed. All attention is focused on informed consent, and this approach is essentially wrong. Consenting is just a part of the process of choosing, and is not enough to allow patients to exercise ...
Carlsen Kai-Håkon - - 2011
Athletes active in endurance sports are at an increased risk of acquiring asthma through their sports activities, especially so for cross-country skiers, biathlon skiers, swimmers and athletes of other endurance sports. Asthma may be present from early childhood or develop while in active sports. This article focuses on the physical ...
Nair Usha - - 2011
Skeletal muscle fibers of collagen VI null (Col6a12/2) mice show signs of degeneration due to a block in autophagy, leading to the accumulation of damaged mitochondria and excessive apoptosis. Attempts to induce autophagic flux by subjecting these mutant mice to long-term or shorter bursts of physical activity are unsuccessful (see ...
Fujii Takako - - 2011
Resistance exercise increases heme synthesis in the bone marrow and the hemoglobin in iron-deficient rats. Post-exercise early nutrient provision facilitates skeletal muscle protein synthesis compared to late provision. However, the effects of post-exercise nutrition timing on hemoglobin synthesis are unclear. The current study investigated the effect of post-exercise meal timing ...
Jokisch Emily - - 2011
Acute energy and macronutrient intake following an Exercise and Control protocol was compared to determine if active, normal-weight males regulate acute energy intake better, demonstrating more acute accurate energy compensation capabilities, than inactive, normal-weight males after exercise. Males (21.2±1.9years) of normal percent body fat (10.0-18.0%) and body mass index (23.4±1.7kg/m(2)), ...
Eakin Elizabeth G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important following breast cancer. Trials of non-face-to-face interventions are needed to assist in reaching women living outside major metropolitan areas. PURPOSE: This study seeks to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a telephone-delivered, mixed aerobic and resistance exercise intervention for non-urban Australian women with breast cancer. ...
Peddie Meredith C - - 2011
Historically, the link between elevated cholesterol and increased risk of cardiovascular disease has been based on fasting measurements. This is appropriate for total, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, triglyceride concentrations vary considerably throughout the day in response to the regular consumption of food and drink. Recent findings indicate ...
Park Jihong - - 2011
CONTEXT: Weight bearing (WB) and non-weight bearing (NWB) exercises are commonly used in a rehabilitation program with anterior knee pain (AKP) patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the immediate effects of isolated WB or NWB knee extension exercises on quadriceps torque output and activation in individuals with AKP. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized ...
O'Sullivan Kieran - - 2011
CONTEXT: Gluteus medius (Gmed) is proposed to consist of three functional subdivisions (anterior, middle and posterior). Weakness and dysfunction of Gmed has been implicated in numerous lower extremity disorders, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). PFPS is a knee condition which frequently occurs in females and is associated with activities such ...
Lynn Scott K - - 2011
If the efficiency of human movement patterns could be improved using exercise, this could lead to more effective musculoskeletal disease/injury prevention and rehabilitation programs. It has been suggested that an efficient squat movement pattern emphasizes the use of the large hip extensors instead of the smaller knee extensors. The purpose ...
Andersen Christoffer H - - 2011
A balanced level of muscle strength between the different parts of the scapular muscles is important to optimize performance and prevent injuries in athletes. Emerging evidence suggests that many athletes lack balanced strength in the scapular muscles. Evidence based recommendations are important for proper exercise prescription. This study determines scapular ...
Gomes Marcos L M - - 2011
The species Heteropterys aphrodisiaca is commonly used as a stimulant by popular medicine in the Cerrado, a savanna-like biome, Brazil. Recent studies have proved its protective effects on testes of animals submitted to treatment using Cyclosporine A, as well as its stimulus effect in increasing testosterone secretion. Therefore, the present ...
Swanik Kathleen A - - 2011
There are contradictory data on optimal muscle-activation strategies for restoring shoulder stability. Further investigation of neuromuscular-control strategies for glenohumeral-joint stability will guide clinicians in decisions regarding appropriate rehabilitation exercises. To determine whether subscapularis, infraspinatus, and teres minor (anteroposterior force couple) muscle activation differ between 4 shoulder exercises and describe coactivation ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >