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Chan Cecilia L W - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The study objective was to summarize and critically assess the evidence available from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of qigong exercise for patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Methods: Thirteen (13) databases were searched up to February 2011. RCTs testing the effects of qigong exercise among patients with FM were included. ...
Divo Miguel - - 2012
Dyspnea is the most frequent complaint limiting physical activities in patients with COPD and decreased exercise capacity is at the center of functional limitation of these patients. This article reviews several modalities of exercise testing, including the 6-minute walk test, stair-climbing test, shuttle walking tests, and cardiopulmonary exercise test. The ...
Magnussen Helgo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Data comparing two bronchodilators vs. one bronchodilator plus inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) on hyperinflation and exercise endurance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are scarce, though these therapeutic strategies are widely used in clinical practice. METHODS: We performed a randomized, crossover clinical trial of two × 8 weeks comparing tiotropium (18 μg once ...
Wong Aaron K F AK Centre for Cardiovascular and Lung Biology, Division of Medical Sciences, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, - - 2012
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is an insulin-resistant state. The degree of insulin resistance (IR) correlates with disease severity and is associated with reduced exercise capacity. In this proof of concept study, we have examined the effect of metformin on IR and exercise capacity in non-diabetic CHF patients identified to have ...
Marosi Krisztina - - 2012
Ageing of the brain is accompanied by variable degrees of cognitive decline. Estrogens have profound effects on brain ageing by exerting neurotrophic and neuroprotective types of action. Furthermore, exercise has also been claimed to play a role in the non-pharmacological prevention of psycho-neuronal decline with ageing. In the present study ...
Petersen Morten - - 2012
A gene-drug interaction has been indicated between beta-1 selective beta-blockers and the Arg389Gly polymorphism (rs1801253) in the adrenergic beta-1 receptor gene (ADRB1). We studied the effect of the ADRB1 Arg389Gly polymorphism on plasma renin activity (PRA) and heart rate (HR) and the genotype-dependent response to metoprolol and exercise. Twenty-nine healthy ...
Hazell Tom J - - 2012
Six weeks (3 times wk) of sprint interval (SIT) or continuous endurance training (CET) both promote body fat losses despite a substantially lower training volume with SIT (MacPherson, Hazell, Olver, Paterson, & Lemon, 2011). In an attempt to explain these findings we quantified VO2 during and following (24 h) sprint ...
Gergley Jeffrey C - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this investigation was conducted to determine the acute effect of passive static stretching of the lower-body musculature on lower-body strength in a one repetition maximum (1RM) squat exercise in young (18 -24 yrs.) moderately trained men (N = 17). Two supervised warm-up treatments were applied before ...
Bröjer Johan T - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether repeated oral administration of glucose and leucine during the period immediately after intense exercise would increase the release of insulin and thereby enhance glycogen synthesis in horses. Animals-12 Standardbred horses. Procedures-In a crossover study design, after glycogen-depleting exercise, horses received oral boluses of glucose (1 g/kg at ...
Werstein Kira M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Werstein, KM, and Lund, RJ. The effects of two stretching protocols on the reactive strength index in female soccer and rugby players. J Strength Cond Res 26(6): 1564-1567, 2012-The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 stretching protocols on stretch-shortening cycle performance in female Division ...
D'ercole C - - 2012
The aim of this study, based on the interaction between two aerobic and anaerobic metabolisms with a parallel production of both aerobic and anaerobic ATP, was to develop a high intensity training programme and increase the aerobic contribution. We examined the applicability of a 16-week training programme with an ergospirometer ...
Thompson Jessica A - - 2012
Objective-To determine the effects of clenbuterol, at a dosage of up to 3.2 μg/kg for 14 days, PO, on skeletal and cardiac muscle in healthy horses undergoing treadmill exercise. Animals-12 healthy horses from 3 to 10 years old. Procedures-Horses were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 6) or ...
Zhao Ya-ling - - 2012
To examine the clinical effects of a mixture of Chinese Yam and epimedium in patients with stable moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Forty-nine patients with COPD were randomly allocated to a group whose usual treatment was supplemented with oral Chinese yam-epimedium mixture, or a control group given ...
Ravaglia Sabrina - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of genes known to influence muscle performances on the outcome after enzyme replacement treatment (ERT) in type II Glycogenosis (GSDII). We analyzed 16 patients receiving ERT for ≥two years. We assessed the changes in muscle strength by hand-held dynamometry, muscle ...
Sun Xiaobing - - 2012
Objective The main objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pelvic floor muscle exercise for the treatment of fecal incontinence after Soave procedure for Hirschsprung disease (HD).Methods A case series study was performed in 24 incontinent children after Soave pull-through surgery for HD. Out of the 24 ...
Ho Chiung-Fang - - 2012
Abstract The use of rhythmic music is beneficial in assisting with the exercise intensity at home. This paper investigated the effects of paced walking to music at home with an 80% VO(2) peak for patients with COPD. A prospective randomized clinical trial consisting of a treatment group (n = 20) ...
Malin Steven K - - 2012
Impaired glucose tolerant (IGT) adults are at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise or metformin reduce CVD risk, but the efficacy of combining treatments is unclear. To determine the effects of exercise training plus metformin, compared to each treatment alone, on CVD risk factors in IGT adults. Subjects were ...
Nistri Stefano - - 2012
Whether treatment with β blockers (BBs) is of benefit to patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) and provocable outflow obstruction (with none or with only mild heart failure symptoms) is largely unresolved. Thus, we prospectively studied 27 patients with HC (age 36 ± 15 years; 81% men) with New York Heart ...
Hanratty Catherine E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of people with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Ten electronic databases were searched from the dates of their inception until August 2010. Included studies were randomized controlled trials investigating exercise in the management ...
Maenhout Annelies G - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate superior value of adding heavy load eccentric training to conservative treatment in patients with subacromial impingement. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with subacromial impingement were included and randomly allocated to the traditional rotator cuff training (TT) group (n = 30, mean age = 39.4 ± 13.1 years) or traditional rotator training combined with heavy load eccentric ...
Timmerman Kyle L KL Department of Nutrition & Metabolism, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, - - 2012
Nutrient stimulation of muscle protein anabolism is blunted with aging and may contribute to the development and progression of sarcopenia in older adults. This is likely due to insulin resistance of protein metabolism and/or endothelial dysfunction with a reduction in nutritive flow, both of which can be improved by aerobic ...
Novaes Rômulo D - - 2012
3,4-Dihydroxycinnamic acid (3,4-DA) is a natural compound with high antioxidant potential found in various foods. This study found that animals administered with 3,4-DA had higher exercise tolerance, reduced blood lactate, and markers of hepatic oxidation. Blood glucose and antioxidant enzymes were not affected by this treatment. 3,4-DA may have applicability ...
Tumilty Steve - - 2012
To investigate the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to a program of eccentric exercises for the treatment of Achilles' tendinopathy. Randomized controlled trial with evaluations at baseline and 4, 12, and 52 weeks. Primary care clinic. Participants with midportion Achilles' tendinopathy were randomly assigned to 2 ...
Liu Meng - - 2012
There are no conclusive studies evaluating the interaction between icariin and exercise for treatment of osteoporosis; the efficacy and safety of this treatment combination remains to be evaluated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of icariin treatment combined with exercise therapy on bone parameters and body ...
Steins Bisschop Charlotte N - - 2012
This systematic review aims to get insight into the feasibility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with cancer prior to a physical exercise programme. We will focus on quality (defined as the adherence to international guidelines for methods of CPET) and safety of CPET. Furthermore, we compare the peak ...
Matsumoto Aya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The molecular mechanisms of exercise-induced cardioprotection are poorly understood. We recently reported that exercise training down-regulated gene expression of the Ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA). RhoA and its first effectors, the Rho-kinases (ROCK), have already been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this ...
Gasparre Giuseppe - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the association of exercises for the shoulder with ultrasound-guided injection into the bursa significantly improves the treatment outcome in adhesive bursitis. Two groups of 35 patients, one treated with ultrasound-guided injection (UGI) and the other one with ultrasound-guided injection and home ...
Terblanche Elmarie - - 2012
The objective of the study was to determine and compare the magnitude and duration of post-exercise hypotension (PEH) during free-living conditions after an acute session of concurrent water and land exercise in individuals with prehypertension and hypertension. Twenty-one men and women (aged 52 ± 10 years) volunteered for the study. Participants completed a ...
Kazmerski Traci - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The EOB is a measure of dyspnea that correlates with CF pulmonary function and exercise tolerance, but has not been shown to track clinical changes. METHODS: The EOB was administered before and after treatment for twelve episodes of exacerbations in eleven pediatric CF subjects. Each subject performed the EOB ...
Villaverde Gutiérrez Carmen - - 2012
Aim and objective.  To evaluate the influence of an exercise programme on postmenopausal women with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Background.  The menopause is a period of hormonal changes when mood variations are probably more severe than at any other period of women's lives. Design.  Prospective study with control group ...
Sprod Lisa K - - 2012
While the benefits of exercise for managing cancer-and treatment-related side effects has been shown among various populations of cancer survivors, a relative dearth of information exists among older cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of exercise participation during and after primary cancer treatment in older (≥65 years) and the ...
Panjavi Behnam - - 2012
: The most common congenital orthopaedic condition requiring treatment is clubfoot. The Ponseti method, which has improved the recurrence rate, is at present the most attractive method of treatment in the north of America. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of this method in an Iranian ...
Cho Maria H - - 2012
Although numerous studies of the efficacy of exercise are reported, few studies have evaluated changes in characteristics of exercise dose in women with cancer both during and after cancer treatment. To describe the characteristics of exercise dose (i.e., frequency, duration, and intensity) and evaluate for differences in symptom severity (i.e., ...
Zielinski Mark R - - 2012
The effects of chronic moderate sleep restriction and exercise training on carcinogenesis were examined in adenomatous polyposis coli multiple intestinal neoplasma (APC Min(+/-)) mice, a genetic strain which is predisposed to developing adenomatous polyposis. The mice were randomized to one of four 11 week treatments in a 2×2 design involving ...
Wilson Brad - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exercise recommendations in patients newly diagnosed with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review. SETTING: A public university rheumatology clinic. PATIENTS: Patients newly diagnosed with fibromyalgia (N = 122). MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Frequency and type of exercise recommendations. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) age of these patients with ...
Wu Xiao-Lin - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different treatment interventions on plasma N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels and early exercise tolerance in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Methods: 146 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who received ...
Hastings Jeffrey L - - 2012
Syncope is a common but concerning event in athletic patients. As such, efforts must be made to distinguish presyncope from syncope with a critical distinction of syncope during exercise and postexercise syncope. Syncope most often occurs just after exercise and is usually benign; however, syncope during exercise may be a ...
Rodriguez Sylvia L - - 2012
Background: To determine if fine-motor eye exercises can be used for treatment of unilateral, idiopathic cranial nerve VII paresis to improve rate of recovery. Methods: In this prospective, randomized controlled trial, eligible patients were randomized to perform fine-motor eye exercises (n=18) or to do no exercise (n=9) for a period ...
Cappellino F - - 2012
A proper knee rehabilitation after a surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) should start immediately after the injury and it should be focused on recovery of symmetry, proprioception, swelling reduction, gait training, hyperextension exercises, and even mental preparation. Aim of this study was to test a neurocognitive rehabilitative ...
Ogborn Daniel I - - 2012
Background: The FRG1-transgenic mouse displays muscle dysfunction and atrophy reminiscent of fascioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) and could provide a model to determine potential therapeutic interventions. Methods: To determine if FRG1 mice benefit from treatments that improve muscle mass and function, mice were treated with creatine alone (Cr) or in combination ...
Clevidence Michael W - - 2012
Acute limb ischemia induced by pressure cuffs before activity (ischemic preconditioning; IPC) has been reported to improve exercise performance at maximal efforts. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of IPC during a submaximal performance test in competitive amateur level cyclists. Twelve healthy, male cyclists participated in ...
Ricca-Mallada Roberto - - 2012
Controlled physical training has been shown to be a valuable therapeutic addition to a pharmacological treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). It is speculated that repeated physical training can improve the autonomic modulation of the cardiovascular system in patients with CHF. The present study evaluates autonomic function in ...
Baj Gabriele - - 2012
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is encoded by multiple BDNF transcripts, whose function is unclear. We recently showed that a subset of BDNF transcripts can traffic into distal dendrites in response to electrical activity, while others are segregated into the somatoproximal domains. Physical exercise and antidepressant treatments exert their beneficial effects ...
Parakh Neeraj - - 2012
Patients with mitral stenosis become symptomatic at a higher heart rate. We studied the comparative efficacy of heart rate control with ivabradine or atenolol and its effect on effort tolerance in patients with mild-moderate mitral stenosis in normal sinus rhythm. Fifty patients with mild-moderate mitral stenosis in sinus rhythm were ...
Duncan Fiona - - 2012
Fatigue is a common and distressing post stroke symptom. One important hypothesis is that fatigue after stroke may be triggered by physical deconditioning, which sets up a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle of fatigue, avoidance of physical activity, further deconditioning, and more fatigue. If an association between physical activity and fatigue after ...
Cobley J N - - 2012
The aim of the study was to determine the direction of change in performance variables at fixed blood lactate concentrations following vitamin E (VE) supplementation. In a paired-matched design twelve (male: N.=8; female: N.=4) trained runners were allocated to a VE (N.=6; 268 mg·d-1) or placebo (N.=6; glucose: 30 mg·d-1) ...
Berg Carla J CJ Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2012
The American Indian population has among the highest rates of obesity in the United States. Thus, it is critical to understand factors related to this epidemic (e.g., physical activity, nutrition) among this ethnic minority population. The current study examined factors related to engaging in at least 4 days of physical ...
Shaughnessy Marianne M University of Maryland Baltimore School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2012
Stroke survivors are at high risk for cardiovascular mortality which can be in part mitigated by increasing physical activity. Self-efficacy for exercise is known to play a role in adoption of exercise behaviors. This study examines self-reported psychological outcomes in a group of 64 stroke survivors randomized to either a ...
Ladage Dennis - - 2012
SUMMARY  For the past 40 years, beta-blockers have been widely used in cardiovascular medicine, reducing morbidity as well as mortality. Beta-blockers are currently used in a number of cardiovascular conditions such as systolic heart failure, postmyocardial infarction, and in prevention and treatment of arrhythmias. They are not recommended as the ...
Chaitman B R - - 2012
Telcagepant is a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist being evaluated for acute migraine treatment. CGRP is a potent vasodilator that is elevated after myocardial infarction, and it delays ischemia during treadmill exercise. We tested the hypothesis that CGRP receptor antagonism does not reduce treadmill exercise time (TET). The effects ...
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