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Benninger M S - - 1992
The patency of the nasal airway may directly affect pulmonary ventilation, with obstruction and increased nasal resistance resulting in increased pulmonary resistance, hypoxia, and hypercapnea. Nine aerobic athletes were evaluated to assess the role of the nasal airway on aerobic capacity and athletic performance. A step-ladder graded maximal aerobic capacity ...
Kahrilas P J - - 1992
The deglutitive pharyngeal contraction was analyzed using simultaneous videofluoroscopic and manometric studies of eight volunteers. Anterior, posterior, and longitudinal movements of the pharyngeal surfaces, relative to the cervical vertebrae, were measured during swallows of 5 and 10 mL of liquid barium. Profound pharyngeal shortening during bolus transit through the pharynx ...
Rajakulasingam K - - 1992
Nasal instillation of bradykinin elicits many of the characteristic features of rhinitis. To assess the relevance of histamine release from metachromatic cells and the activation of cholinergic pathways, we investigated the effects of terfenadine, a histamine H1-receptor antagonist, and ipratroprium bromide, a selective antimuscarinic agent, on bradykinin induced rhinorrhoea, nasal ...
Nishino T - - 1992
The position of the soft palate is known to determine the breathing route, but the physiological mechanisms that bring about a shift from nasal to oral breathing are unclear. To test the hypothesis that activation of receptors in the nasal passage may be involved in reflex initiation of oral breathing ...
Tye-Murray N - - 1992
This investigation determined whether the audiological performance of cochlear implant users varied with experience. Thirteen Nucleus and 14 Ineraid subjects were evaluated at 1, 9, and 18 mo after cochlear implant connection. Ten Nucleus and five Ineraid subjects were tested at 30 mo. On average, the ability of the subjects ...
Hoffman L A - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of transtracheal (TT) oxygen delivery to that of nasal cannula delivery in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Twenty subjects (14 men, 6 women) were followed for 6 months during nasal cannula delivery. A TT catheter was then inserted, ...
Williams R G - - 1992
The change in nasalance following adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy was studied in 44 children. A subjective assessment of each child's naso-pharyngeal airway was made preoperatively based on a questionnaire completed by the parents. There was no significant change in the nasalance of children following adenoidectomy, but there was a significant ...
Strohl K P - - 1992
Recent studies have suggested that the inhalation of cold air through the nose is associated with the subsequent release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity. To determine if mucosal surface heat and water loss influence the nasal functional response to cold air, we measured nasal resistance by posterior rhinomanometry before and ...
Lundqvist G R - - 1992
Adult volunteers were exposed to 25 ppm (75 mg/m3) diethylamine in a climate chamber for 15 min in order to study the acute nasal reactions to an exposure equivalent to the present threshold limit value-short-term exposure limit. Changes in nasal volume and nasal resistance were measured by acoustic rhinometry and ...
Harris W E - - 1992
The present study demonstrates that ipratropium bromide significantly reduces normal resting nasal secretion (p less than 0.05) and also significantly reduces exercise induced rhinorrhoea compared with a placebo (p less than 0.01). It also demonstrates that there may be another non-parasympathetic cause for the increase in nasal secretion with exercise.
Warren D W - - 1992
A technique was developed to obtain continuous measurements of both respiratory behavior and nasal patency in response to well-controlled odorant stimulation. An automated apparatus similar to that described by Walker et al. (27) was used to present precise concentrations of an odorant. The pressure-flow technique (28) was used to continuously ...
Vecerina-Volić S - - 1992
Arachidonic acid metabolites (AAm) have important regulatory functions within several areas of otorhinolaryngology: modulation of immune and allergic responses, inflammation, allergy, etc. The aetiology of vocal fold polyps is still obscure as are the possible mechanisms responsible for their forming and developing. The aim of this study was therefore to ...
Lucas G A - - 1992
In 2 experiments, access to a 0.15% saccharin solution was followed on alternating days by access to a 32% sucrose solution and the same saccharin solution. In Experiment 1, rats increased both intake of and preference for a flavored saccharin solution that predicted sucrose, but neither effect was found using ...
Diewert V M - - 1992
During the sixth week of human development, the primary palate develops as facial prominences enlarge around the nasal pits to form the premaxillary region. Growth of craniofacial components changes facial morphology and affects the extent of contact between the facial prominences. Our recent studies have focused on developing methods to ...
Nørregaard J - - 1992
The purpose of the study was to examine long-term nicotine substitution and its variability during use of a nicotine patch. In two smoking cessation studies a 16-h nicotine patch, releasing 15 mg nicotine, was applied daily for 16 h over 12 weeks, to 167 smokers. Salivary cotinine was highly correlated ...
Pearlstein T - - 1992
The authors report the results of an open trial of group behavioral treatment for women with a prospectively confirmed premenstrual syndrome. Treatment consisted of five weekly group behavioral sessions outlining and supporting lifestyle changes in diet, exercise level, and stress management. Patients monitored symptoms and adherence to dietary and exercise ...
Coates E L - - 1991
Tegu lizards decrease ventilatory frequency (f) when constant CO2, as low as 0.4%, is delivered to the nasal cavities. In contrast, CO2, as high as 6%, pulsed into the nasal cavities during the expiratory phase of the breathing cycle does not alter f. The purpose of the present study was ...
Lacroix J S - - 1991
Sixteen adult patients suffering from severe chronic non-allergic rhinitis with nasal vasoconstrictor abuse for more than a year, received, under local anaesthesia, an intranasal spray of capsaicin (3.3 x 10(-3) mol), the pungent agent in hot pepper, once weekly for 5 weeks. The subjective intensity of their nasal obstruction, rhinorrhoea ...
Harber P - - 1991
The effect of alternate airflow path designs on full-face mask air-purifying respirators was assessed in 14 healthy volunteers during submaximal exercise. Respirator designs included no respirator (N), full-face mask, dual-cartridge with no nasal deflector (FN), full-face mask respirator with nasal deflector (FD), and a powered air-purifying respirator (PA). Physiologic effects ...
Rivron R P - - 1991
The effects of flaring and constricting the alar margins upon nasal airway resistance (NAR) were measured in 24 normal subjects. The median decrease in NAR on flaring was 21% whilst constricting increased NAR by a median of 67%, there being a high inter-subject variation. We feel these movements of the ...
Hatsukami D K - - 1991
Situational factors and topographic features associated with smokeless tobacco use were examined. Male smokeless tobacco users (N = 30) were asked to record the time, activity, and internal states associated with each dip of tobacco use over the course of 10 days. Additionally, these subjects were asked to record the ...
Henricsson V - - 1991
The aim of this study was to evaluate an infrared light absorption (ILA) method for registration of dryness of the oral mucosa. Measurements were performed in the buccal and in the lip mucosa immediately before and every 30 min after submucosal injection of 1.0 ml methylscopolamine nitrate in nine healthy ...
Leggieri E - - 1991
In 6 normal subjects and 6 patients with allergic rhinitis, nasal response to insufflation of paf-acether (paf, platelet-activating factor), lyso-paf and histamine was evaluated. Nasal challenge with paf, at doses of 300 and 600 nM, induced nasal obstruction, associated with an increase in nasal airway resistances, measured by anterior passive ...
Wheatley J R - - 1991
The partitioning of oronasal breathing was studied in five normal subjects during progressive exercise. Subjects performed three to five identical runs, each consisting of four 1-min work periods at increments of 50 W. Nasal and oral airflow were measured simultaneously using a partitioned face mask both during and for 4 ...
Wheatley J R - - 1991
We studied the relationship between alae nasi muscle (AN) activation and breathing route in normal subjects during exercise. Nasal and oral airflow were measured simultaneously using a partitioned face mask and were recorded with the AN electromyogram. Subjects breathed via 1) the nose and mouth (NM) 2) the nose only ...
Becquemin M H - - 1991
Nasal filter efficiency for particles has been described by several authors as showing large individual variations, probably somehow related to airflow resistance. Twelve children, aged 5.5-11.5 yrs and 8 aged 12-15 yrs were compared to a group of ten adults. Deposition of polystyrene beads (1, 2.05, 2.8 microns mass median ...
Grymer L F - - 1991
The nose with normal feeling of nasal patency, and no gross structural changes has been described in 82 individuals by acoustic rhinometry. Curves for one and both sides of the nasal cavity and before and after decongestion have been recorded. We have found that the minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) is ...
Kahrilas P J - - 1991
Studies were done on eight normal subjects with synchronized videofluoroscopy and manometry to facilitate a biomechanical analysis of the extent and mechanism of voluntary augmentation of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening during swallowing. Movements of the hyoid and larynx, dimensions of sphincter opening, and intraluminal pressure events were determined at ...
Archer R M - - 1991
This study was designed to define a simple, unequivocal test for the evaluation of laryngeal function and the diagnosis of idiopathic laryngeal hemiplegia (ILH). ILH is a disorder that results from left recurrent laryngeal neuropathy and in which there is no movement of the left arytenoid cartilage and vocal fold. ...
Khayari A - - 1991
Electroolfactogram (EOG) and extracellular potassium activity (aK) measurements were carried out in frog olfactory epithelia in vivo. Odorant-evoked changes in aK were characterized on the basis of depth profile analysis. Following an olfactory stimulation with butanol vapours, an increase in aK was measured in the mucus and the proximal part ...
Cherek D R - - 1991
Aggressive and point maintained operant responding of heavy nicotine dependent male tobacco smokers were measured during five 25-min sessions conducted over an 8-h period. Responding under three tobacco abstinence conditions was compared to responding during a baseline condition of ad libitum smoking of the subject's preferred brand of cigarettes. The ...
Lang J J - - 1991
An anatomical study was performed in order to obtain help for orientation regarding the retrosigmoid approach and its osteoclastic craniotomy. The insertions of the sternocleidomastoid, the splenius capitis, the longissimus capitis and the obliquus capitis superior muscles were measured. The relationships of the insertions to different landmarks were also ascertained ...
Hamaguchi Y - - 1991
Immunoreactive neutrophil elastase (NE) and its complex with alpha 1-antitrypsin (AT) was measured by double antibody enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in nasal secretions of chronic sinusitis (CS). Nasal secretions were separated into two fractions: PBS-soluble and insoluble fractions. Elastolytic activity was also examined. Mean value of total NE level ...
Hosemann W G - - 1990
Tissue samples from the polypous mucous membrane and the inferior nasal concha were taken from 13 patients with polyposis nasi and from 12 other patients with an additional intolerance to analgesics. The tissue of the inferior nasal concha from patients without polyposis nasi served as a control. The relative histamine ...
Gurgenidze G V - - 1990
All classes of immunoglobulins in blood and in the nasal secretions of 75 patients were studied in different phases of disease. There were 20 healthy persons in the control group. Forty patients were treated by preseasonal local immunotherapy through the application of water-salt extracts of pollen allergens intranasally, with the ...
Lefkovits G - - 1990
Although the ideal reconstructive material for augmentation rhinoplasty continues to challenge plastic surgeons, there exists no report in the literature that confines the use of irradiated homologous costal cartilage, first reported by Dingman and Grabb in 1961, to dorsal nasal augmentation. The purpose of this paper is to present a ...
Kowitz G - - 1990
Ninety-two dental and dental hygiene students completed a double-blind, controlled clinical trial. The purpose of the trial was to evaluate the effects of toothpastes, in varying concentrations of flavor and tartar-control agents. Four formulations of toothpastes were assessed: (A) control-low flavor with no tartar control; (B) medium flavoring with medium ...
Levi C R - - 1990
Twenty two subjects (10 normals, nine asthmatics and three who had suggestive histories for asthma but normal bronchial histamine challenges) underwent nasal challenges with logarithmic incremental doses of histamine or saline on alternate days. Nasal resistance (measured by posterior rhinometry), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) were assessed ...
Panneton W M - - 1990
Respiration was disrupted and bradycardia induced in anesthetized muskrats by stimulating the nasal cavity with a stream of either water or various concentrations of ammonia vapors. When responses induced by either ammonia or water were compared, ammonia vapors were considered preferable because the responses could be maintained reliably through relatively ...
Seaver E J EJ - - 1990
Simultaneously collected nasometric and standard audio recording data were compared to determine the extent to which the acoustic onsets and offsets of speech could be determined from Nasometric signals. Three male and 2 female subjects produced six repetitions of 12 utterances that were initiated and terminated by vowels and consonants ...
Spieksma F T - - 1990
In June 1988, during the grass-pollen season in Leiden, The Netherlands, outdoor airborne particulate matter was collected and separated into fractions according to aerodynamic sizes (greater than or equal to 10 microns, 4.9-10 microns, 2.7-4.9 microns, 1.3-2.7 microns, 0.6-1.3 microns, less than or equal to 0.6 microns), with a cascade ...
Dantas R O - - 1990
In this investigation, we studied the effects of bolus volume and viscosity on the quantitative features of the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing. Concurrent videofluoroscopic and manometric studies were done in 10 healthy volunteers who were imaged in lateral projection. Videofluorography was done at 30 frames/s while concurrent manometry ...
Nofal F - - 1990
Nasal airway resistance due to uncomplicated DNS was examined in 43 patients, and the results compared with those obtained following corrective surgery. The patients were examined independently by the two authors using a strict examination protocol. Rhinomanometry was carried out pre- and post-operatively at rest and after exercise assessing the ...
Ireton R C - - 1990
An Otis urethrotome has been modified to permit passage into the kidney over an 0.038-inch guidewire by drilling a 3/16-inch hole through the tip. I have used this instrument to aid in the performance of 36 nephrostomy tract dilations without significant complications. When compared with 20 Amplatz tract nephrostomy dilations, ...
Guglielmone H A - - 1990
The objective of this report is to compare the prothrombin time performed with thromboplastin of different tissues and species in patients under oral anticoagulant therapy as well as the way of expressing the results. The results showed that the ISI of the thromboplastin of human and rabbit brain are very ...
Chacko A - - 1990
A miniature osmotic pump has been developed (Osmet) with ALZA, Palo Alto, USA, which can be swallowed, will pass through the stomach and small intestine and then deliver its contents (240 microliters) over eight hours in the large bowel. In vitro studies showed the pumps started to discharge after four ...
Kumazawa T - - 1990
We studied Eustachian tube function of healthy adults by two air flow methods, namely tubo-tympano-aerodynamic graphy by Valsalva maneuvre, and Tyonbee maneuvre during swallowing. We observed for the first time the presence of reciprocal features in normal Eustachian tubes. We also compared the tubal function of the same group using ...
Dantas R O - - 1989
We compared the effect of high-density and low-density barium preparations on the quantitative features of swallowing. The two barium preparations differed primarily in density but also differed somewhat in viscosity. Concurrent videofluoroscopic and manometric studies were done in nine healthy control subjects. Videofluoroscopy was recorded in the lateral projection at ...
Bedi J F - - 1989
A number of investigations have attributed the control of the nasal to oral/nasal ventilation transition to nasal resistance. To investigate possible changes in nasal resistance due to sulfur dioxide (SO2) exposure, 14 subjects (7 men and 7 women), healthy non-smokers, between the ages of 20 and 46 years, were exposed ...
Baker H L - - 1989
An anatomical and anthropometric study was conducted that compared nasal pyramid measurements of Negroid with Caucasian skulls and surface measurements of black with Caucasian controls. Eight external surface measurements were used to develop a classification system to show the range of the female black American nose. This classification will be ...
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