Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1043
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Peake Jonathan - - 2004
Intense exercise stimulates the systemic release of a variety of factors that alter neutrophil surface receptor expression and functional activity. These alterations may influence resistance to infection after intense exercise. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of exercise intensity on neutrophil receptor expression, degranulation (measured by ...
Nemet D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In adults, exercise is a powerful and natural stimulator of immune cells and adhesion molecules. Far less is known about exercise responses during childhood and adolescence and whether or not exercise in "real life" activities of healthy adolescents influences immune responses. OBJECTIVE: To determine if strenuous exercise leads to ...
Schmolz M - - 2004
Physical stress induced in healthy volunteers by the Loughborough intermittent shuttle test (LIST) was used to validate a newly developed whole-blood cell culture system (Instant leukocyte culture system (ILCS). Exercise induced immune modulation was investigated through measurement of cytokine levels after activating leukocytes in peripheral blood ex vivo using the ...
Inoue Hiroyoshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine serum lactoferrin concentrations and serum antibacterial activity before and after running exercise. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young men were randomly assigned to high, middle, or low intensity of exercise groups (5000 steps running at 180, 130, and 80 steps/min, respectively). Blood samples ...
Hong Suzi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of regular physical activity on lymphocyte responses to a speech stressor and an exercise challenge. METHODS: We assessed lymphocyte subsets and CD62L expression pre, immediately after and 15 min after a speech task vs. exercise in 24 high vs. 24 low physically active subjects. Catecholamine ...
Affourtit Charles - - 2004
We have purified plant alternative oxidase (AOX) protein from the spadices of thermogenic Arum maculatum (cuckoo pint) to virtual homogeneity. The obtained enzyme fraction exhibits a high specific activity, consuming on average 32 micromol oxygen min(-1) mg(-1), which is completely stable for at least 6 months when the sample is ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2004
This study examined the role of shifts in plasma volume on lipid and immune reactions to stress. Lipid, immune, rheological, and cardiovascular reactions to exercise and mental stress in 51 patients with suspected coronary artery disease were determined. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured during and blood samples taken ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2004
Strenuous bouts of prolonged exercise and heavy training are associated with depressed immune cell function. Furthermore, inadequate or inappropriate nutrition can compound the negative influence of heavy exertion on immunocompetence. Dietary deficiencies of protein and specific micronutrients have long been associated with immune dysfunction. An adequate intake of iron, zinc ...
Allgayer Hubert - - 2004
Clinical and experimental studies have shown that a moderately increased physical activity level may have beneficial effects in terms of exercise conditioning, resistance to infection and decreased relative risk of cancer. Modulation of the innate and adaptive components of the immune system with a shift of cytokines and their antagonists ...
Kohut Marian L - - 2004
Decreases in immune responsiveness with age are thought to contribute to the increased incidence and severity of infectious disease among the elderly. Several interventions, including exercise, have been proposed to restore immune function in older populations. The findings from some, but not all studies, support the possibility that exercise may ...
Malm Christer - - 2004
The mechanisms governing the body's response to physical exercise have been investigated from various perspectives including metabolism, nutrition, age and sex. Increased attention to the immune system during recent decades is reflected by a rapidly growing number of publications in the field. This article highlights the most recent findings and ...
Zajícová A - - 2004
Drug addiction influences many physiological functions including reactions of the immune system. The higher occurence of infectious and other diseases in drug addicts has been explained by the depression of immunity due to the harmful effects of the drug. To test this assumption, we tested the proliferative responsiveness and cytokine ...
Lancaster Graeme I - - 2004
The present study examined the effects of acute exhaustive exercise and chronic exercise training on type 1 and type 2 T lymphocyte distribution and intracellular cytokine production. Seven endurance-trained male cyclists completed exercise trials to exhaustion before, immediately after, and following 2 weeks of resting recovery from a 6-day intensified ...
Gleeson Maree - - 2004
This review highlights research limitations within the existing exercise immunology literature and summarises unanswered questions to assist researchers and clinicians interested in exploring relationships between exercise, training and mucosal immunity. The primary limitations of the existing literature include: inadequate descriptions of training stimuli, age, gender and physical activity of subjects; ...
Aulesa C - - 2004
Workflow efficiency is important in every laboratory. Manual assessment of white blood cell counts and differentials that have been rejected by an automated analyzer is one of the most time-consuming tasks in the routine hematology laboratory. In this study, receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was used for the first ...
Maddox Jane F - - 2004
Allyl alcohol causes hepatotoxicity that is potentiated by small doses of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) through a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-dependent mechanism. The COX-2 product prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) increases hepatocyte killing by allyl alcohol in vitro. In the present study the ability of the nonenzymatic product of PGD(2), 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), to increase ...
Ramel Alfons - - 2003
In this study, we examined the acute effects of submaximal resistance exercise on immunological and hormonal parameters in 7 resistance-trained and 10 non-resistance-trained males. The participants, who were aged 29.5 +/- 7.1 years (mean +/- s), performed submaximal resistance exercise at 75% of their one-repetition maximum. Blood samples were taken ...
Hoffman-Goetz L - - 2003
Strenuous exercise is associated with a transient decline in circulating lymphocytes, possibly through increased apoptosis. Intestinal lymphocytes are important effector cells of intestinal immune function but have not been studied in relation to exercise. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of exercise on intestinal ...
Bednarek Dariusz - - 2003
The aim of this paper was to compare the effect of flumethasone and meloxicam in combination with oxytetracycline on clinical and immunological parameters of calves suffering from enzootic bronchopneumonia. The study was performed on 30 Black-and-White Lowland Breed calves with clinical signs of enzootic bronchopneumonia divided randomly into three equal ...
Cadet Patrick - - 2003
It has been known for many years that immune system alterations occur with Parkinson's disease (PD). Changes in lymphocyte populations in cerebrospinal fluid and blood, immunoglobulin synthesis, and cytokine and acute phase protein production have been observed in patients with PD. Hence, there is evidence for inflammation. In this report ...
Xiao De-Sheng - - 2003
The present study was designed to investigate whether L-arginine (Arg) supplementation in exercise affects nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in tissues and thus iron metabolism. Rats were assigned to one of four groups: EG (Exercise), SG (Sedentary), EAG (Exercise + Arg), and SAG (Sedentary + Arg). Both EG and EAG swam ...
Nieman David C - - 2003
By far, the most important finding that has emerged from exercise immunology studies is that positive immune changes take place during each bout of moderate physical activity. Over time, this translates to fewer days of sickness with the common cold and other upper respiratory tract infections. This is consistent with ...
Quadrilatero J - - 2003
The submandibular lymph nodes (LN), part of the nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT), are involved in local immune responses in the eye, upper respiratory tract (URT), and oral mucosa. Although athletes have been reported to be at increased risk for URT and ocular infections, little is known about the impact of ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of high-intensity endurance exercise and carbohydrate consumption on in vitro responsiveness of natural killer (NK) to IL-2 (2.5 U/ml for 24 h). Thirteen male subjects (18-26 yr old; peak O2 consumption = 59.79 +/- 5.13 ml.kg-1.ml-1) were recruited to complete ...
Tsivitse Susan K - - 2003
The accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages, as well as the activation of satellite cells, are early events following skeletal muscle injury. We examined the temporal relationship between changes in neutrophils, macrophages, and MyoD protein, a marker of satellite cell activation, after injurious exercise. Male rats ( n=47) performed an intermittent ...
Chinda Daisuke - - 2003
Intensive exercise training decreases neutrophil functions in athletes. However, no studies to date have investigated the effect of irregular-interval training, such as is associated with judo training programmes, on neutrophil functions. The purpose of this study was to examine such effects. Thirty-seven male college judoists participated in this study. Neutrophil ...
Green Katherine J - - 2003
Carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion during exercise has been shown to reduce perturbations in immune cell numbers and function, possibly through a reduction in the cortisol response to exercise. We have previously observed that exercise decreases T-lymphocyte responses to mitogen via an increase in cell death of both CD4 and CD8 T ...
Biondi R - - 2003
Physical exercise is known to induce immunological changes, mainly leukocytosis and neutrophil activation. However, it is not known to what extent the leukocytosis, observed after exertion, is associated with an increase in plasma neutrophil elastase, an early marker of inflammatory response and neutrophil degranulation. In the present study changes in ...
Glorieux Griet - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Icodextrin dialysate used for peritoneal dialysis contains an iso-molar glucose polymer solution, which provides sustained ultrafiltration over long dwell times and is considered a valuable approach to reduce intraperitoneal glucose exposure. However, several side effects have been described, including abdominal pain and allergic and hypersensitivity reactions. Also, reactions compatible ...
Pool A J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate muscle energetics in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and measure serum cortisol, prolactin and CD4+/CD8+ T-cell levels during and after controlled exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 7), patients with SLE (n = 6) and healthy individuals (HI) (n = ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2003
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the affects of repeated bouts of exercise in the same day on circulating leukocyte number and NK cell activity (NKCA). METHODS: Ten males (18-25 yr of age) were chosen to complete four trials: two exercise bouts (TB), AM exercise (AM-EX), PM ...
Kapasi Zoher F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with decline in both cell-mediated and humoral immunity and may contribute to increased incidence and severity of infections in frail elderly. Exercise, depending on intensity, has significant effects on the immune system. We conducted a randomized, controlled clinical trial of a 32-week functionally oriented exercise program ...
Fujimaki Yuji - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on production of reactive oxygen (ROS) species by human neutrophils. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT is an effective therapeutic modality for inflammatory conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The laser device used was the infrared diode laser (GaAlAs), ...
Landa A S - - 2003
Axillary malodour is caused by the biotransformation of non-odorous precursors present in apocrine sweat and sebum by the axillary microflora. To counter this, underarm products typically contain high levels of bactericides. However, after an initial decrease in bacterial numbers, the surviving cells grow, producing a concomitant rise in axillary odour. ...
Miles M P - - 2003
AIM: The mechanism linking exercise intensity to the magnitude of the immune response is not completely understood. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the immune response to resistance exercise was associated with (1) changes in workload or (2) anaerobic exercise intensity. METHODS: Previously untrained women underwent 6 ...
Miletić I - - 2003
To study in vitro the cytotoxic and mutagenic effects of AH26 and AH Plus. Cytotoxic effects on Chinese hamster V79 cells were determined by counting viable cells following incubation with eluations of AH26 and AH Plus. In one set of experiments, the materials were mixed, set for 1 h and ...
Halson Shona L - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Acute bouts of prolonged strenuous exercise are often associated with immune suppression and an increased risk of infection. However, few studies have examined immunological responses to intensified training that results in overreaching or overtraining. We investigated the effects of intensified training on plasma cytokines, glutamine, glutamate, and other related ...
Nikolaidis Michalis G - - 2003
Serum soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) has been proposed as a more stable index of iron status than serum ferritin in athletes. However, the variation in sTfR concentration during recovery from acute exercise is unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of prolonged moderate exercise on ...
Green Katherine J - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effect of acute exercise on the proliferation and expression of activation markers on T-lymphocytes. METHODS: Seventeen well-trained male endurance runners completed 60 min of treadmill running at 95% of ventilatory threshold and a resting, no exercise, control session at the same time of ...
Liao Robert S - - 2003
Amphotericin B treatment was previously shown to inhibit Candida albicans reproduction and reduce the fluorescence of vitality-specific dyes without causing a corresponding increase in the fluorescence of the mortality-specific dyes bis-(1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid)trimethine oxonol and SYBR Green I. In the present study, we have confirmed these results and have shown that ...
Flynn M G - - 2003
Twenty-two trained women runners (.VO2peak 48.1 + 1.2 ml x kg -1 x min -1) were divided into an iron supplement (n = 13) or placebo group (n = 9) based on initial serum ferritin concentration (24.2 +/- 2.9 and 58.5 +/- 4.0 microg x l -1, respectively). Exercise consisted ...
Kim H - - 2003
AIM: The duration-dependence of the effect of forced treadmill exercise on the immune system is a subject of ongoing research. In this study, the effect of forced treadmill exercise on immune responses was investigated by evaluating the lymphocyte subset fractions in the peripheral blood and spleen of Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: ...
Mooren F C - - 2003
Magnesium status is a well-known modulator of the immune system. In the present study we investigated the effect of magnesium on granulocyte signalling and function. Furthermore, we performed a double-blinded randomised study investigating the effect of a two-month magnesium supplementation period on the exercise-associated alterations in immune function. In vitro ...
Morozov Vladimir I - - 2003
Exercise sessions (swimming in rats and treadmill running in humans) resulted in stimulation of neutrophil degranulation in the experiments with animals and in the human study. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) (+67%) and lysozyme (+51%) quantities in the plasma of rats increased significantly immediately after exercise. The blood plasma lysozyme concentration was increased ...
Green Katherine J - - 2003
Carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinamidyl ester (CFSE) labeling of lymphocyte populations can provide unique insights into cell function at rest and with exercise, due to its ability to quantify cell division on an individual cell basis. This study aimed to characterize the effect of acute, intense exercise on T-lymphocyte function. Well-trained endurance ...
Billert Hanna - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acute hypercapnia due to the mechanical hypoventilation on the oxidative metabolism of peripheral blood neutrophils in the rabbit. METHODS: The study was performed on 24 Chinchilla rabbits, randomized into normo- and hypercapnia groups (P(a)CO(2) between 9 ...
Koh Young Yull - - 2003
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is characterized by chronic upper and lower respiratory infections which are caused by the grossly impaired ciliary transport. Since the cilia and neutrophils both utilize microtubular system for their movement, it has been speculated that neutrophil motility such as chemotaxis might be impaired in patients with primary ...
Suzuki Katsuhiko - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate whether cytokines and neutrophils mediate exercise-related pathogenesis, we examined their responses and possible association after exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Plasma and urine samples were obtained from 10 male runners before and after a 42.195-km marathon race. Major cytokines and neutrophil activation markers [myeloperoxidase (MPO) and lactoferrin (LTF)] were ...
Gani F - - 2003
In the recent years, the importance of sports in everyday life has rapidly increased. Asthma and respiratory allergy are among the most common problems to be afforded in those individuals practising sports and therefore, the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of allergy in athletes have received in recent times a great ...
Brutsaert Tom D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Tissue iron depletion may negatively affect endurance performance and muscle fatigability. OBJECTIVE: We investigated tissue-level iron depletion and progressive fatigue of the quadriceps during dynamic knee-extension exercise in young women. DESIGN: Twenty iron-depleted (serum ferritin < 20 micro g/L), nonanemic (hemoglobin > 110 g/L) women (macro x +/- SEM ...
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