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Results 401 - 450 of 1060
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Umeda T - - 2004
AIM: A preliminary study to investigate the combined effects of dietary restriction and weight reduction through exercise on markers of immune function in college judoists before and after a single competition. METHODS: Forty-nine judoists participated in the study. Thirty-eight athletes combined exercise and dietary restriction (WR group), and 11 athletes ...
Mooren Frank C - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of training status on lymphocyte apoptosis as well as the expression of cell death receptors and ligands after a marathon run, and to compare these data with the alterations after treadmill exercise tests. METHODS: Sixteen volunteers successfully finished the 2002 Münster marathon. Venous blood samples ...
Sehba Fatima A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with acute decreases and subsequent recovery of cerebral nitric oxide (NO) levels, but the mechanisms of these alterations are not known. In this study, we measured NO synthase (NOS) protein and kinetics to determine its involvement in the alterations of cerebral NO levels after ...
Lancaster G I - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to examine the role of the exercise-induced stress hormone response on the regulation of type 1 and type 2 T lymphocyte intracellular cytokine production. Subjects performed 2.5 h of cycling exercise at 65% maximal O2 uptake while ingesting a 6.4% carbohydrate (CHO) solution, 12.8% CHO ...
DiPenta Jennifer M - - 2004
Consistent reports of the positive relationship between regular physical activity and immunosenescence have generated much excitement in the field of exercise immunology. It is generally accepted that natural killer (NK) cell activity per NK cell decreases with age; decreases in NKCA have been associated with infection and death in the ...
Sweeney Joseph D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Prestorage pooling of whole-blood-derived PCs (WBD-PCs) would be advantageous to transfusion services in that it would make the product available in a more timely manner, reduce wastage of untransfused pools, and simplify bacterial screening by allowing testing of the pool rather than each single PLT concentrate (PC). STUDY DESIGN ...
Marra S - - 2004
Catecholamines induce apoptosis in various lymphoid populations. This process can occur with both alpha- and beta-adrenoreceptors. Heavy exercise increases plasma catecholamine concentrations, and is also a cause of lymphocyte apoptosis, a possible explanation for postexercise lymphocytopenia. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of adrenoreceptor antagonism on ...
Braun William A - - 2004
Acute, sustained, moderate- to high-intensity exercise has been shown to induce significant alterations in the distribution and function of leukocytes during recovery. In many instances, these changes have been found to reflect a transient impairment of immune function in vitro during recovery from such exercise. Carbohydrate supplementation during exercise has ...
Zoller Heinz - - 2004
Although it generally does not improve performance, iron is often used by elite athletes. The physiologic changes induced by exercise can mimic iron deficiency and decrease hemoglobin and ferritin concentrations. Determination of serum transferrin receptor concentrations may identify true iron deficiency, which occurs particularly in young athletes. In contrast, increased ...
Rehman Jalees - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a single episode of exercise could acutely increase the numbers of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and cultured/circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) in human subjects. BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells and CACs can be isolated from peripheral blood and have been shown to participate in vascular repair and angiogenesis. ...
Kohut Marian L - - 2004
Influenza vaccine efficacy is reduced among adults over age 65 and a significant number of vaccinated elderly may remain susceptible to influenza virus infection. The effect of moderate exercise training on the immune response to influenza immunization was evaluated in this study. Twenty-seven adults >or=age 64 were assigned to an ...
Imrich Richard - - 2004
Stress response is considered an important factor in the modulation of immune function. Neuroendocrine hormones, including catecholamines, affect the process of immune cell redistribution, important for cell-mediated immunity. This longitudinal investigation was aimed at evaluating the effect of repeated stress-induced elevation of catecholamines on immune cell redistribution and expression of ...
Lovelady Cheryl A - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide baseline data on immune status of exercising and sedentary exclusively lactating women. Dietary intake and body composition were also investigated to determine whether they related to immune function. METHODS: Healthy, exclusively breastfeeding women with a body mass index between 20 and ...
Khan Shahid - - 2004
We have analyzed repellent signal processing in Escherichia coli by flash photorelease of leucine from photolabile precursors. We found that 1). response amplitudes of free-swimming cell populations increased with leucine jump concentration, with an apparent Hill coefficient of 1.3 and a half-maximal dose of 14.4 microM; 2). at a 0-0.5 ...
Aichi Makiko - - 2004
NtcB of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus strain PCC 7942 is a LysR family protein that enhances expression of the nitrate assimilation operon (nirA operon) in response to the presence of nitrite, an intermediate of assimilatory nitrate reduction. Inactivation of ntcB in this cyanobacterium specifically abolishes the nitrite responsiveness of nirA ...
Simonson Shawn R - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a single bout of resistance exercise on immune cell numbers of moderately active men. Subjects were 16 male volunteers (mean +/- standard deviation [SD] age 30 +/- 7 years, height 180.1 +/- 7.0 cm, mass 83.97 +/- 10.33 kg); ...
Baeten Dominique - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Since CD163+ macrophages are selectively increased in spondylarthropathy (SpA) synovitis, we investigated the role of CD163+ macrophages in synovial inflammation. METHODS: Synovial biopsy samples from 26 SpA and 23 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were analyzed for macrophage and lymphocyte subsets. Synovial fluid (SF) samples were analyzed by Western blotting ...
Peake Jonathan - - 2004
Intense exercise stimulates the systemic release of a variety of factors that alter neutrophil surface receptor expression and functional activity. These alterations may influence resistance to infection after intense exercise. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of exercise intensity on neutrophil receptor expression, degranulation (measured by ...
Nemet D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In adults, exercise is a powerful and natural stimulator of immune cells and adhesion molecules. Far less is known about exercise responses during childhood and adolescence and whether or not exercise in "real life" activities of healthy adolescents influences immune responses. OBJECTIVE: To determine if strenuous exercise leads to ...
Schmolz M - - 2004
Physical stress induced in healthy volunteers by the Loughborough intermittent shuttle test (LIST) was used to validate a newly developed whole-blood cell culture system (Instant leukocyte culture system (ILCS). Exercise induced immune modulation was investigated through measurement of cytokine levels after activating leukocytes in peripheral blood ex vivo using the ...
Inoue Hiroyoshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine serum lactoferrin concentrations and serum antibacterial activity before and after running exercise. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy young men were randomly assigned to high, middle, or low intensity of exercise groups (5000 steps running at 180, 130, and 80 steps/min, respectively). Blood samples ...
Hong Suzi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of regular physical activity on lymphocyte responses to a speech stressor and an exercise challenge. METHODS: We assessed lymphocyte subsets and CD62L expression pre, immediately after and 15 min after a speech task vs. exercise in 24 high vs. 24 low physically active subjects. Catecholamine ...
Affourtit Charles - - 2004
We have purified plant alternative oxidase (AOX) protein from the spadices of thermogenic Arum maculatum (cuckoo pint) to virtual homogeneity. The obtained enzyme fraction exhibits a high specific activity, consuming on average 32 micromol oxygen min(-1) mg(-1), which is completely stable for at least 6 months when the sample is ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2004
This study examined the role of shifts in plasma volume on lipid and immune reactions to stress. Lipid, immune, rheological, and cardiovascular reactions to exercise and mental stress in 51 patients with suspected coronary artery disease were determined. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured during and blood samples taken ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2004
Strenuous bouts of prolonged exercise and heavy training are associated with depressed immune cell function. Furthermore, inadequate or inappropriate nutrition can compound the negative influence of heavy exertion on immunocompetence. Dietary deficiencies of protein and specific micronutrients have long been associated with immune dysfunction. An adequate intake of iron, zinc ...
Allgayer Hubert - - 2004
Clinical and experimental studies have shown that a moderately increased physical activity level may have beneficial effects in terms of exercise conditioning, resistance to infection and decreased relative risk of cancer. Modulation of the innate and adaptive components of the immune system with a shift of cytokines and their antagonists ...
Kohut Marian L - - 2004
Decreases in immune responsiveness with age are thought to contribute to the increased incidence and severity of infectious disease among the elderly. Several interventions, including exercise, have been proposed to restore immune function in older populations. The findings from some, but not all studies, support the possibility that exercise may ...
Malm Christer - - 2004
The mechanisms governing the body's response to physical exercise have been investigated from various perspectives including metabolism, nutrition, age and sex. Increased attention to the immune system during recent decades is reflected by a rapidly growing number of publications in the field. This article highlights the most recent findings and ...
Zajícová A - - 2004
Drug addiction influences many physiological functions including reactions of the immune system. The higher occurence of infectious and other diseases in drug addicts has been explained by the depression of immunity due to the harmful effects of the drug. To test this assumption, we tested the proliferative responsiveness and cytokine ...
Lancaster Graeme I - - 2004
The present study examined the effects of acute exhaustive exercise and chronic exercise training on type 1 and type 2 T lymphocyte distribution and intracellular cytokine production. Seven endurance-trained male cyclists completed exercise trials to exhaustion before, immediately after, and following 2 weeks of resting recovery from a 6-day intensified ...
Gleeson Maree - - 2004
This review highlights research limitations within the existing exercise immunology literature and summarises unanswered questions to assist researchers and clinicians interested in exploring relationships between exercise, training and mucosal immunity. The primary limitations of the existing literature include: inadequate descriptions of training stimuli, age, gender and physical activity of subjects; ...
Aulesa C - - 2004
Workflow efficiency is important in every laboratory. Manual assessment of white blood cell counts and differentials that have been rejected by an automated analyzer is one of the most time-consuming tasks in the routine hematology laboratory. In this study, receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was used for the first ...
Maddox Jane F - - 2004
Allyl alcohol causes hepatotoxicity that is potentiated by small doses of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) through a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-dependent mechanism. The COX-2 product prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)) increases hepatocyte killing by allyl alcohol in vitro. In the present study the ability of the nonenzymatic product of PGD(2), 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), to increase ...
Ramel Alfons - - 2003
In this study, we examined the acute effects of submaximal resistance exercise on immunological and hormonal parameters in 7 resistance-trained and 10 non-resistance-trained males. The participants, who were aged 29.5 +/- 7.1 years (mean +/- s), performed submaximal resistance exercise at 75% of their one-repetition maximum. Blood samples were taken ...
Hoffman-Goetz L - - 2003
Strenuous exercise is associated with a transient decline in circulating lymphocytes, possibly through increased apoptosis. Intestinal lymphocytes are important effector cells of intestinal immune function but have not been studied in relation to exercise. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of exercise on intestinal ...
Bednarek Dariusz - - 2003
The aim of this paper was to compare the effect of flumethasone and meloxicam in combination with oxytetracycline on clinical and immunological parameters of calves suffering from enzootic bronchopneumonia. The study was performed on 30 Black-and-White Lowland Breed calves with clinical signs of enzootic bronchopneumonia divided randomly into three equal ...
Cadet Patrick - - 2003
It has been known for many years that immune system alterations occur with Parkinson's disease (PD). Changes in lymphocyte populations in cerebrospinal fluid and blood, immunoglobulin synthesis, and cytokine and acute phase protein production have been observed in patients with PD. Hence, there is evidence for inflammation. In this report ...
Xiao De-Sheng - - 2003
The present study was designed to investigate whether L-arginine (Arg) supplementation in exercise affects nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in tissues and thus iron metabolism. Rats were assigned to one of four groups: EG (Exercise), SG (Sedentary), EAG (Exercise + Arg), and SAG (Sedentary + Arg). Both EG and EAG swam ...
Nieman David C - - 2003
By far, the most important finding that has emerged from exercise immunology studies is that positive immune changes take place during each bout of moderate physical activity. Over time, this translates to fewer days of sickness with the common cold and other upper respiratory tract infections. This is consistent with ...
Quadrilatero J - - 2003
The submandibular lymph nodes (LN), part of the nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT), are involved in local immune responses in the eye, upper respiratory tract (URT), and oral mucosa. Although athletes have been reported to be at increased risk for URT and ocular infections, little is known about the impact of ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of high-intensity endurance exercise and carbohydrate consumption on in vitro responsiveness of natural killer (NK) to IL-2 (2.5 U/ml for 24 h). Thirteen male subjects (18-26 yr old; peak O2 consumption = 59.79 +/- 5.13 ml.kg-1.ml-1) were recruited to complete ...
Tsivitse Susan K - - 2003
The accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages, as well as the activation of satellite cells, are early events following skeletal muscle injury. We examined the temporal relationship between changes in neutrophils, macrophages, and MyoD protein, a marker of satellite cell activation, after injurious exercise. Male rats ( n=47) performed an intermittent ...
Chinda Daisuke - - 2003
Intensive exercise training decreases neutrophil functions in athletes. However, no studies to date have investigated the effect of irregular-interval training, such as is associated with judo training programmes, on neutrophil functions. The purpose of this study was to examine such effects. Thirty-seven male college judoists participated in this study. Neutrophil ...
Green Katherine J - - 2003
Carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion during exercise has been shown to reduce perturbations in immune cell numbers and function, possibly through a reduction in the cortisol response to exercise. We have previously observed that exercise decreases T-lymphocyte responses to mitogen via an increase in cell death of both CD4 and CD8 T ...
Biondi R - - 2003
Physical exercise is known to induce immunological changes, mainly leukocytosis and neutrophil activation. However, it is not known to what extent the leukocytosis, observed after exertion, is associated with an increase in plasma neutrophil elastase, an early marker of inflammatory response and neutrophil degranulation. In the present study changes in ...
Glorieux Griet - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Icodextrin dialysate used for peritoneal dialysis contains an iso-molar glucose polymer solution, which provides sustained ultrafiltration over long dwell times and is considered a valuable approach to reduce intraperitoneal glucose exposure. However, several side effects have been described, including abdominal pain and allergic and hypersensitivity reactions. Also, reactions compatible ...
Pool A J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate muscle energetics in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and measure serum cortisol, prolactin and CD4+/CD8+ T-cell levels during and after controlled exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 7), patients with SLE (n = 6) and healthy individuals (HI) (n = ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2003
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the affects of repeated bouts of exercise in the same day on circulating leukocyte number and NK cell activity (NKCA). METHODS: Ten males (18-25 yr of age) were chosen to complete four trials: two exercise bouts (TB), AM exercise (AM-EX), PM ...
Kapasi Zoher F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with decline in both cell-mediated and humoral immunity and may contribute to increased incidence and severity of infections in frail elderly. Exercise, depending on intensity, has significant effects on the immune system. We conducted a randomized, controlled clinical trial of a 32-week functionally oriented exercise program ...
Fujimaki Yuji - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on production of reactive oxygen (ROS) species by human neutrophils. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT is an effective therapeutic modality for inflammatory conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The laser device used was the infrared diode laser (GaAlAs), ...
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