Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1057
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Larsen Gary L - - 2006
Phosphodiesterase IV (PDE IV) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) may modulate the neurally mediated nonadrenergic noncholinergic inhibitory (NANCi) response. This response is not present in normal rabbits until 2 weeks of age. Allergen sensitization and challenge of fully grown 13-week old rabbits decreases the NANCi response. Our goal was to assess ...
Nijs Jo - - 2005
To date, the exact cause of abnormal exercise response in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) remains to be revealed, but evidence addressing intracellular immune deregulation in CFS is growing. Therefore, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the interactions between several intracellular immune variables and exercise performance in CFS ...
Johe Paul D - - 2005
Melatonin has been reported to have anti- as well as pro-inflammatory properties. Because physical stress is associated with the activation of blood cells, the present study examines melatonin's role in exercise-induced cell activation processes. Eight healthy volunteers (aged 20-62 yr, mean = 31), exercised on an 'Ergometric' bike for 30 ...
Inoue Yoshinobu - - 2005
We investigated the effect of exercise on iron metabolism in horses. Four horses were walked on a mechanical walker for 1 wk (pre-exercise). They then performed moderate exercise on a high-speed treadmill in the first week of the exercise and relative high in the second week and high in the ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise has been reported to slow the age-associated declines in natural killer cell activity (NKCA). To evaluate this response, we recruited older, postmenopausal women (65-85 years old) to fill one of two groups: training (10 weeks of resistance exercise; TR) or control. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from ...
Kohut M L - - 2005
Prolonged, exhaustive exercise has been associated with impaired immune responsiveness and increased susceptibility to infection. We have shown that one bout of exercise to fatigue followed by viral challenge increases mortality. Stress hormones such as corticosteroids and catecholamines have been suggested as potential mediators of exhaustive exercise-induced immunosuppression. The purpose ...
McKune A J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Strenuous exercise is associated with tissue damage. This activates the innate immune system and local inflammation. Interaction between innate and adaptive immunity is essential for maintaining health, suggesting that the adaptive immune system may also be altered by exercise. OBJECTIVES: To determine exercise induced changes in the adaptive immune ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the advantages and limitations of the methods currently available to assess changes in human immune function in response to interventions such as changes in diet or exercise. RECENT FINDINGS: Much recent research has focused on the effect of regular moderate exercise and the role of ...
Makras Polyzois - - 2005
In this study, we assessed the effects of a 4 week basic military physical training programme for male recruits of the Hellenic Air Force on the number and distribution of circulating immune cells and adrenergic and adrenocortical hormonal responses. One group of recruits (exercised, n = 48) participated in moderate ...
Karacabey Kursat - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite the numerous studies controversial results exist in specific immune response to exercise. The aim of this study was to determining the differences in the humoral immune parameters, serum ACTH and cortisol levels existing between sportswomen and sedentary subjects and the effect of acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on ...
Morici Giuseppe - - 2005
Marathon runners show increased circulating CD34+ cell counts and postexercise release of interleukin-6 (IL-6), granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and flt3-ligand (Bonsignore MR, Morici G, Santoro A, Pegano M, Cascio L, Bonnano A, Abate P, Mirabella F, Profita M, Insalaco G, Gioia M, Vignola AM, Majolino I, Testa U, and Hogg ...
Uzzan Bernard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) has been found elevated in complicated forms of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Its usefulness has almost never been assessed in uncomplicated falciparum malaria. METHOD: We assessed diagnostic and prognostic value of PCT in a prospective series of 25 adults with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. Patients originated mainly from ...
Kohut M L - - 2005
The primary goal of this study was to determine whether exercise-associated improvements of the immune response to influenza vaccination were mediated by improvements in psychosocial factors in older adults. At baseline, prior to the exercise intervention, older adult participants were immunized with influenza vaccine. Blood samples collected pre-immunization, 1, 4, ...
Ramlow Wolfgang - - 2005
Adacolumn is a medical device for adsorptive cytapheresis. It has been developed for selective adsorption of granulocytes and monocytes from peripheral blood of patients with immune disorders, such as autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases. A double blind sham-controlled crossover study design was used in order to evaluate in vivo ...
Wolach Baruch - - 2005
PURPOSE: Intense exercise affects the immune system, increasing the susceptibility of athletes to viral and bacterial infections. We have previously shown a significant decrease of fMLP-neutrophil migration 24 h after aerobic exercise. In this study we aimed to look at the differential effect of different chemoattractants on neutrophil migration following ...
Eadie Brennan D - - 2005
Voluntary exercise produces a dramatic increase in the number of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive cells in the adult dentate gyrus (DG); however, it has never been determined whether this increase reflects neurogenic activity or some exercise-induced change in the metabolic processing of systemically injected BrdU. In these experiments, we show that 1) ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2005
This study determined the influence of gender, menstrual phase (MP), and oral contraceptive (OC) use on immunological changes in response to endurance exercise. Twelve women and 11 men similar in age, aerobic power, and activity level cycled for 90 min at 65% maximal aerobic power. Women were OC users (n ...
Quadrilatero J - - 2005
Intestinal lymphocyte apoptosis can occur following physiological and pathophysiological stress as well as exhaustive exercise. In this study we investigated whether corticosterone (CORT) administration at physiological concentrations observed following strenuous exercise induces intestinal lymphocyte apoptosis and cell loss in mice. CORT injection (14 mg/kg; i.p.) caused a four-fold increase in ...
Chen Zhang - - 2005
Profound hypothermic arrest ("suspended animation") is a new strategy to improve outcome following uncontrolled lethal hemorrhage (ULH). However, the impact of this approach on the immune/inflammatory response is unknown. This experiment was conducted to test the influence of profound hypothermia on markers of immune/inflammatory system. METHODS: ULH was induced in ...
N. O. SODIQUE, O. ...
The effect of exercise on circulating leucocytes with regards to changes in total and differential counts was studied in 25 adult Nigerians of both sexes. All subjects exercised on a bicycle ergometer till exhaustion. A significant (p&lt;0.001) leucocytosis occurred immediately after the exercise with the predominant increase being lymphocytes. There ...
Gutierrez C - - 2005
Trypanosoma evansi was diagnosed for the first time in the Canary Islands (Spain) in 1998 in a dromedary camel. Seroprevalences of 4.8% up to 9% have been observed using different diagnostic methods. Affected animals have been treated but the dissemination of the disease is unknown. This article presents an outbreak ...
Fairey Adrian S - - 2005
The objective was to determine the effects of exercise training on changes in blood immune function in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. Fifty-three postmenopausal breast cancer survivors were randomly assigned to an exercise (n=25) or control group (n=28). The exercise group trained on cycle ergometers three times per week for 15 ...
Navalta James W - - 2005
PURPOSE: No systematic investigation has been reported assessing the effect of cell isolation processes on postexercise apoptosis. Therefore, the effect of cell isolation procedures on apoptosis was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Untrained healthy individuals participated (N=13). Blood samples obtained at rest and immediately after an incremental exercise test to ...
Snell Christopher R - - 2005
Hyperactivition of an unwanted cellular cascade by the immune-related protein RNase L has been linked to reduced exercise capacity in persons with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). This investigation compares exercise capacities of CFS patients with deregulation of the RNase L pathway and CFS patients with normal regulation, while controlling for ...
Scharhag J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prolonged exercise may induce temporary immunosuppression with a presumed increased susceptibility for infection. However, there are only few data on immune cell function after prolonged cycling at moderate intensities typical for road cycling training sessions. METHODS: The present study examined the influence on immune cell function of 4 h ...
Lagranha Claudia Jacques - - 2005
In a recent publication, we showed the protective effect of glutamine on neutrophil apoptosis induced by acute exercise. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a single bout of intensive exercise on rat neutrophil function and the possible effect of glutamine supplementation. An aqueous solution ...
Ogawa Kishiko - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to examine the effects of a single exercise bout on the natural killer (NK) cell count and activity in physically active elderly people, sedentary elderly people, and sedentary young people. Eight elderly women who trained by walking (age, 64 +/- 1 years; Vo(2peak), 32.2 ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2005
Considerable advances have been made in exercise immunology over the last two decades, and it is becoming evident that many of the health benefits of regular physical activity may be directly related to activation of the immune system. The number of investigations devoted to the paediatric population, however, remains low, ...
Antoniou Katerina M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Induced sputum (IS) has been proposed as a useful noninvasive method for the assessment of airway diseases. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), an important tool for evaluating interstitial lung diseases, has limited utility due to its invasiveness and the difficulties of performing it in severely ill patients, while it is ...
Miura Masashi - - 2005
The effects of long-term training on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from neutrophils and serum opsonic activity (SOA) remain to date unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 months training on ROS production and SOA in judoists. Fifty-six judoists were enrolled this ...
Krivanek A F - - 2005
ABSTRACT The pattern of Xylella fastidiosa infection in resistant and susceptible grapevines representing a diverse selection of Vitis spp. was characterized through measurements of X. fastidiosa bacterial movement and accumulation in artificially inoculated greenhouse-grown grapevines. A double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was optimized for quantification of X. fastidiosa populations ...
Widmer Rebecca - - 2005
Iron is one of the trace elements playing a key role in the normal brain metabolism. An excess of free iron on the other hand is catalyzing the iron-mediated oxygen radical production. Such a condition might be a harmful event leading perhaps to serious tissue damage and degeneration. Therefore, during ...
Unal M - - 2005
Exercise is the strongest stress to which the body is ever exposed. The body responds to this stress through a set of physiological changes in its metabolic, hormonal and immunological systems. In this study, responses of the immune system to the long-term aerobic and anaerobic exercises have been investigated. Twenty-four ...
Thompson Dylan - - 2005
The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether an acute bout of exercise increases heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mRNA accumulation in human lymphocytes. Eight male subjects performed separate exercise and rest trials in a randomised order at least 10 days apart. In the exercise trial subjects ran for 75-min ...
Al-Ankari A S - - 2005
Chronic administration of oxytetracycline (OXT) (incorporated at a level of 0.05 g per kg of feed for 50 days) to pigeons, significantly decreased total leukocyte and lymphocyte counts, increased heterophil:lymphocyte ratio and lysosomal enzyme activity, and decreased reticuloendothelial system function compared with controls. Coadministration of black seed (BS) at a ...
El Beshlawy Amal - - 2005
As no physiological mechanism exist for excreting transfusional iron overload in thalassemia, chelation therapy is the mandatory way to remove iron to prevent end organ damage and prolong survival. Desferoxamine (DFO) has been the major iron chelating agent used extensively worldwide for more than three decades for treatment of transfusional ...
Semple, SJ; Department of ...
Objectives. The human body initiates an acute phase response (APR) in response to a wide range of homeostatic disturbances. This complex series of reactions serves to activate repair processes and prevent ongoing tissue damage. An important aspect of the APR is the de novo synthesis of acute phase proteins (APP), ...
Chiaradia E - - 2005
Physical exercise induces a reduction of immune defences and an imbalance of red-ox status. In this study plasma levels of cysteine and homocysteine (Hcy) were determined in horses before and after submaximal treadmill exercise as well as the effect on horse lymphocyte proliferation. The exercise induced a significant increase in ...
Peters, EM; Department of ...
Despite more than 20 years of research into mechanisms which could result in the increased predisposition of athletes to ‘infection' incidence following excessive and prolonged exercise, definitive explanations are not yet available. A strong temporal relationship between the incidence of upper respiratory tract infection symptoms and immune system changes following ...
Dos Santos Cunha Wilton Darleans - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of chronic moderate-intensity exercise upon the alterations of immune system cell function induced by energy restriction. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the following groups: sedentary animals fed ad libitum (SF, N = 10) or submitted to energy restriction (SER, N = ...
Teeuw Wijnand - - 2004
Secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) represents the main adaptive immune mechanism in the oral cavity. The regulation of secretion and synthesis of S-IgA is not only dependent on prior antigenic stimulation, but is also under strong neuroendocrine control. Thus, alterations in neuroendocrine functioning (such as induced by stress, exercise, pregnancy, menstrual ...
Okutsu Mitsuharu - - 2005
The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism responsible for lymphopenia after exercise. Seven young healthy men volunteered for this study. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were cultured with cortisol and analyzed for C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) expression by flow cytometry. To determine the effects of ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2004
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Regular exercise may offset age-associated increases in inflammatory cytokines and reduce the risk of developing diseases with an inflammatory etiology by exerting "anti-inflammatory" effects. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling stimulates inflammatory cytokine production, and may explain the "anti-inflammatory" effect attributed to regular exercise. Therefore, the purpose of the present ...
Ortega E - - 2005
During intensive exercise the stimulation of phagocytosis is mediated by "stress hormones". During moderate exercise, however, such mediation is less clear. The influence of moderate exercise (45 min at 55% maximal oxygen uptake) on the phagocytic capacity of neutrophils was evaluated in sedentary men. The exercise stimulated phagocytosis of Candida ...
Simar David - - 2004
Aging mammalians show reduced expression and induction of cytoprotective heat shock proteins in response to physiological stresses. Physical training can increase Hsp72 expression in young and old animals, but whether same adaptations can be observed in old people remains unknown. We hypothesized that the maintenance of physical activity during aging ...
Nielsen H G - - 2004
There still exist many unanswered questions whether physical exercise is beneficial or harmful to the immune system. The 'open-window' post-exercise hypothesis states that athletes are more susceptible to infections after exercise, but there is a need for further elucidation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect ...
Peters E M - - 2004
AIM: Haematological response to the 2001 downhill Comrades Marathon was compared in high (>120 km/w in training; 3 weeks of pre-race taper) and low (<80 km/w in training; 2 weeks of pre-race taper) training status groups. METHODS: Full blood counts, differential lymphocyte counts (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD56), serum cortisol, ...
Umeda T - - 2004
AIM: A preliminary study to investigate the combined effects of dietary restriction and weight reduction through exercise on markers of immune function in college judoists before and after a single competition. METHODS: Forty-nine judoists participated in the study. Thirty-eight athletes combined exercise and dietary restriction (WR group), and 11 athletes ...
Mooren Frank C - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of training status on lymphocyte apoptosis as well as the expression of cell death receptors and ligands after a marathon run, and to compare these data with the alterations after treadmill exercise tests. METHODS: Sixteen volunteers successfully finished the 2002 Münster marathon. Venous blood samples ...
Sehba Fatima A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with acute decreases and subsequent recovery of cerebral nitric oxide (NO) levels, but the mechanisms of these alterations are not known. In this study, we measured NO synthase (NOS) protein and kinetics to determine its involvement in the alterations of cerebral NO levels after ...
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