Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1050
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Chang Chin-Chyuan - - 2007
The total haemocyte count (THC), differential haemocyte count (DHC), phenoloxidase activity, respiratory bursts (release of superoxide anion), superoxide dismutase activity, phagocytic activity and clearance efficiency to the pathogen Photobacterium damsela were measured when tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (13.5+/-1.5 g) were individually injected with saline or dopamine at 10(-8), 10(-7), or ...
Walsh Alissa - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Two major mutations are defined within the hemochromatosis gene, HFE. Although the effects of the C282Y substitution have been well characterized, the clinical significance of the C282Y/H63D state remains unclear. This study assessed the phenotypic expression in C282Y/H63D subjects as compared with C282Y homozygotes. METHODS: Data were ...
Baba A F - - 2006
Aziridines have been shown to possess marked immunotropic activity. The aim of this work was to study the in vitro effects of different concentrations of three novel aziridines, 2-hydroxy-methyl-1-(N-phtaloylglycyl) aziridine (aziridine 1), 2-hydroxy-methyl-1-(N-phtaloylalanyl) aziridine (aziridine 2) and 2-hydroxy-methyl-1-(N-phtaloylphenylalanyl) aziridine (aziridine 3), on the proliferative responses of human lymphocytes stimulated by ...
Pernice Francesco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis (HD) there may be a link between oxidative stress, genomic damage and the tendency of peripheral lymphocytes to die by apoptosis. Our aim was to verify this hypothesis, and to ascertain whether the link, if present, could explain lymphopenia in uremic ...
Ghugre Nilesh R NR Division of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027-0034, - - 2006
Iron-induced cardiac dysfunction is a leading cause of death in transfusion-dependent anemia. MRI relaxation rates R2(1/T2) and R2*(1/T2*) accurately predict liver iron concentration, but their ability to predict cardiac iron has been challenged by some investigators. Studies in animal models support similar R2 and R2* behavior with heart and liver ...
Peters E M - - 2006
Recent research has demonstrated that lymphocyte apoptosis sensitivity appears to be related to training status and exercise intensity. This work investigated the effect of prolonged, submaximal treadmill running on percentage (%) apoptosis, % necrosis and DNA strand breaks in lymphocytes and related these to changes in total lymphocyte and blood ...
Sodique, N. O.
The effect of exercise on circulating leucocytes with regards to changes in total and differential counts was studied in 25 adult Nigerians of both sexes. All subjects exercised on a bicycle ergometer till exhaustion. A significant (p<0.001) leucocytosis occurred immediately after the exercise with the predominant increase being lymphocytes. There ...
Ortega E - - 2006
The influence of a single session of moderate exercise (45 min at 55% of VO(2 )max) performed by young sedentary men (23-25 years old) on the microbicidal capacity of neutrophils was compared by using both direct (killing of phagocytosed Candida albicans) and indirect (superoxide anion production measured by NBT reduction) ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Exercise has been shown to lower blood natural killer cell concentration and activity for up to 24-h after exercise; however, the mechanism underlying this effect is not clearly defined. We have speculated that an exercise-induced change in T-cell control of NK cells is at least partly responsible for the ...
Malinowski K - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Ageing appears to affect immune and neuroendocirne function in horses and response to acute exercise. No studies have examined the combined effects of training and ageing on immune and neuroendocirne function in horses. HYPOTHESIS: To ascertain whether training and age would affect the plasma beta-endorphin (BE) ...
Edwards Kate M - - 2006
The inflammatory responsive cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) helps regulate immune responses to exercise. Evidence suggests that increases in IL-6 are related to exercise duration and intensity. However, the moderating effect of sex and underlying mediators have received limited attention. We compared plasma IL-6 responses to two cycling tasks with a resting ...
White Lesley J - - 2006
Exercise for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) has been shown to improve cardiovascular function, increase strength and endurance, and reduce fatigue. The impact of exercise on immune function in the disease, however, remains mostly unexplored. Ten female MS patients participated in an 8 week programme of twice-weekly progressive resistance training, ...
Nieman David C - - 2006
Although epidemiological data indicate that athletes are at increased risk of upper respiratory tract infection during periods of heavy training and the 1 - 2 week period following endurance race events, there is very limited information on the responses to football training and match-play. For several hours after heavy exertion, ...
Broberg Craig S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the relationship between blood viscosity and iron deficiency and their impact on symptoms and exercise function in adults with cyanotic congenital heart disease. BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is believed to raise whole blood viscosity in cyanotic congenital heart disease, although available data are inconsistent. METHODS: ...
Liao H F - - 2006
AIM: Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells that promote antitumor immunity in vivo when pulsed with tumor antigen. No studies have indicated that exercise training affects DC function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 5-week periodized exercise training and active recovery program on ...
Podhorska-Okolow M - - 2006
Excessive physical exercise may lead to disturbance of the entire homeostasis in the body, including damage not only in skeletal muscles but also in many distant organs. The mechanisms responsible for the exercise-induced changes could include oxidative stress or angiotensin II. We previously showed that acute exercise led to apoptosis ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2006
Previous research has demonstrated that younger versus older animals and humans experience smaller perturbations in natural killer (NK) cells in response to physiological stress. PURPOSE: To determine whether the smaller perturbations in NK cells induced by strenuous exercise and carbohydrate (CHO) intake, previously reported in children, are influenced by puberty. ...
Libicz S - - 2006
Athletes are susceptible to upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) during intense training and after major competitions. Secretory IgA, which is the predominant antibody of the mucosal immune system, is the major effector of host-resistance to many microorganisms causing URTI. Previous studies have shown that salivary IgA-mediated immunity decreases after a ...
Moroff Gary - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Understanding the variability in results obtained by multiple laboratories is important because cord blood units are distributed worldwide for transplantation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Four exercises were conducted by multiple laboratories to assess assay variability on nucleated cell (NC), mononuclear cell (MNC) by hematology analyzers [HAs], and CD34+ cell ...
Krangel Michael S MS Department of Immunology, P.O. Box 3010, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, - - 2006
In this issue of Immunity, Oestreich et al. (2006) show that, during V(D)J recombination, RSSs may have distinct accessibility requirements. Some rely on an enhancer-intrinsic, general chromatin opening function, whereas others require enhancer-promoter interactions that direct local chromatin remodeling.
Bullen John J - - 2006
Natural resistance to infection, which does not depend on antibiotics, is a powerful protective mechanism common to all mankind that has been responsible for the survival of our species during countless millennia in the past. The normal functioning of this complex system of phagocytic cells and tissue fluids is entirely ...
Bouillon L E - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine whether training status and plasma hormones (estradiol--E2, progesterone--P, luteinizing hormone--LH, and follicle-stimulating hormone--FSH) have an effect on selected immune indexes during or following an acute bout of exercise. METHODS: Seven female triathletes (TRI) and 7 recreationally active (REC) females were randomly ...
Yeh S-H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The duration and vigour of physical exercise are widely considered to be critical elements that may positively or negatively affect physical health and immune response. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a 12 week programme of regular tai chi chuan exercise (TCC) on functional mobility, beliefs about benefits of ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2006
Prolonged exercise and heavy training are associated with depressed immune cell function. To maintain immune function, athletes should eat a well-balanced diet sufficient to meet their energy, carbohydrate, protein, and micronutrient requirements. Consuming carbohydrate during prolonged strenuous exercise attenuates rises in stress hormones and appears to limit the degree of ...
Simpson Richard J - - 2006
This study examined the effects of intensive, moderate and downhill treadmill running on blood lymphocyte expression of adhesion/activation (AA) molecules. Trained subjects completed three treadmill-running protocols of identical duration: (1) an intensive protocol at 80% VO2max to volitional exhaustion, (2) a moderate protocol at 60% VO2max and (3) a -10% ...
Manfredi Roberto - - 2006
Pleiotropic features are attributed to statins and fibrates, and effects on laboratory markers of HIV disease progression have been claimed. To assess whether statins/fibrates have long-term effects on the immune recovery of patients on virologically effective HAART, a prospective, comparative study was conducted on 267 dyslipidemic patients treated with either ...
Mak I Tong - - 2006
The influence of selected beta-receptor blockers on iron overload and oxidative stress in endothelial cells (ECs) was assessed. Confluent bovine ECs were loaded with iron dextran (15 muM) for 24 h and then exposed to dihydroxyfumarate (DHF), a source of reactive oxygen species, for up to 2 h. Intracellular oxidant ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that exercise-induced perturbation and recovery of the immune system would vary with age, puberty, and gender in healthy children and adolescents. METHODS: Twelve-year-old girls (YG; N = 14) and boys (YB; N = 20), and 14-yr-old girls (OG; N = 11) and boys (OB; ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2006
Carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation and female sex independently influence the natural killer (NK) cell response to acute exercise. Consequently, this study sought to elucidate sex-based differences in the distribution of NK cell subsets (i.e., CD56dim and CD56bright) in response to exercise and CHO intake. Twenty-two healthy 14-yr-old girls (n = 11) ...
Shing, Cecilia Mary
Bovine colostrum is homologous in composition to human colostrum but contains greater&#13;concentrations of key bioactive components that contribute directly to growth and immunity. It&#13;has been used by humans to treat and prevent enteric pathogens and to promote wound healing&#13;and intestinal repair. Moreover, bovine colostrum has been promoted and used by ...
Mazariegos Dora Inés - - 2006
There is increasing evidence that accumulation of redox-active iron in mitochondria leads to oxidative damage and contributes to various neurodegenerative diseases, such as Friedreich's ataxia and Parkinsons disease. In this work, we examined the existence of regulatory mechanisms for mitochondrial iron uptake and storage. To that end, we used rhodamine ...
Imoru M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many public medical laboratories use automated techniques for analysis of samples due to the few number of laboratory staff required and the speed at which it operates. This study was carried out to compare haematological values obtained from automated techniques and manual techniques. METHOD: A total of 86 apparently ...
Fehrenbach Elvira - - 2006
Accidental trauma and heavy endurance exercise, both induce a kind of systemic inflammatory response, also called systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Exercise-related SIRS is conditioned by hyperthermia and concomitant heat shock responses, whereas trauma-induced SIRS manifests concomitantly with tissue necrosis and immune activation, secondarily followed by fever. Inflammatory cytokines are ...
Liu Yu Qian - - 2006
Although iron plays a critical role in exercise, the regulatory mechanism of iron metabolism remains poorly understood. The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of different intensity exercise on body iron status and the regulatory mechanism of duodenal iron absorption. Thirty female Sprague-Dawley rats (90-100 g) ...
Sureda Antoni - - 2006
Nitric oxide (NO) is important for the maintenance of cardiovascular homeostasis and is also involved in immunity and inflammation. The aim of our work was to determine the effects of intense exercise on plasma and blood cell NO handling. Nine voluntary male professional cyclists participated in the study. Blood samples ...
Naumann Lydia - - 2006
Several different genomic and nongenomic mechanisms are known to mediate the important anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of glucocorticoids (GC). Genomic effects are the most important while the clinical relevance of nongenomic actions is still a matter of debate. We therefore investigated whether beclometasone and clobetasol are particularly suitable for topical ...
Boudreau Jeanette - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Submandibular lymph nodes (SLN) are important for immune responses to antigens in the eye and oral mucosa. Athletes and exercise participants may be at increased risk of ocular, oral, and upper respiratory tract infections. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the effects of voluntary training on the distribution, ...
Timmons Brian W - - 2006
Sex-based differences in inflammatory responses to exercise may be mediated by estrogen through increased muscle membrane stability and/or inhibited cytokine production. In this study, in vivo effects of estrogen on systemic inflammation-related responses to exercise were assessed in healthy men. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design, 11 men cycled for ...
Kronenberg Golo - - 2006
Physical activity induces adult hippocampal neurogenesis. We here show that the acute up-regulating effect of voluntary wheel running on precursor cell proliferation decreases with continued exercise, but that continued exercise reduces the age-dependent decline in adult neurogenesis. Cell proliferation peaked at 3 days of running. After 32 days of exercise ...
Laing Stewart J - - 2005
Evidence supports an interaction between neuro-endocrine responses to exercise and immune responses to exercise. We hypothesized that prolonged exercise in the heat would evoke a greater stress hormone response and a greater decrease in neutrophil degranulation [lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated elastase release] than when the same exercise was performed in thermoneutral conditions. ...
Hutnick Natalie A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether exercise training would increase lymphocyte activation in patients with breast cancer following chemotherapy. Activation was determined by the presence of CD4(+)CD69(+) T-helper lymphocytes, mitogen-induced proliferation, and levels of cytokines produced by mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes and in the patients' plasma. METHODS: Patients with breast cancer (N = 28) ...
Rysanek Dusan - - 2005
The objective was to clarify the association between bulk tank milk somatic cell count (BTSCC) and total bacterial count (BTTBC) and coliform bacteria count (BTCBC) in a large set of data based on the currently accepted legal limit of BTSCC=400,000/ml. We analysed the database obtained from one of four laboratories ...
Curnow S John - - 2005
PURPOSE: To extensively characterize the complex network of cytokines present in uveitis aqueous humor (AqH), and the relationships between cytokines and the cellular infiltrate. METHODS: AqH from noninflammatory control subjects and patients with idiopathic, Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis (FHC), and herpes-viral or Behçet's uveitis were analyzed for IL-1beta, -2, -4, -5, ...
Larsen Gary L - - 2006
Phosphodiesterase IV (PDE IV) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) may modulate the neurally mediated nonadrenergic noncholinergic inhibitory (NANCi) response. This response is not present in normal rabbits until 2 weeks of age. Allergen sensitization and challenge of fully grown 13-week old rabbits decreases the NANCi response. Our goal was to assess ...
Nijs Jo - - 2005
To date, the exact cause of abnormal exercise response in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) remains to be revealed, but evidence addressing intracellular immune deregulation in CFS is growing. Therefore, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the interactions between several intracellular immune variables and exercise performance in CFS ...
Johe Paul D - - 2005
Melatonin has been reported to have anti- as well as pro-inflammatory properties. Because physical stress is associated with the activation of blood cells, the present study examines melatonin's role in exercise-induced cell activation processes. Eight healthy volunteers (aged 20-62 yr, mean = 31), exercised on an 'Ergometric' bike for 30 ...
Inoue Yoshinobu - - 2005
We investigated the effect of exercise on iron metabolism in horses. Four horses were walked on a mechanical walker for 1 wk (pre-exercise). They then performed moderate exercise on a high-speed treadmill in the first week of the exercise and relative high in the second week and high in the ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise has been reported to slow the age-associated declines in natural killer cell activity (NKCA). To evaluate this response, we recruited older, postmenopausal women (65-85 years old) to fill one of two groups: training (10 weeks of resistance exercise; TR) or control. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from ...
Kohut M L - - 2005
Prolonged, exhaustive exercise has been associated with impaired immune responsiveness and increased susceptibility to infection. We have shown that one bout of exercise to fatigue followed by viral challenge increases mortality. Stress hormones such as corticosteroids and catecholamines have been suggested as potential mediators of exhaustive exercise-induced immunosuppression. The purpose ...
McKune A J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Strenuous exercise is associated with tissue damage. This activates the innate immune system and local inflammation. Interaction between innate and adaptive immunity is essential for maintaining health, suggesting that the adaptive immune system may also be altered by exercise. OBJECTIVES: To determine exercise induced changes in the adaptive immune ...
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