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Dolan Lianne B - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine which mode of exercise is preferred by breast cancer survivors and to evaluate this response between graded exercise testing on a treadmill and on a cycle ergometer. METHODS: Twelve breast cancer survivors completed 2 maximal aerobic stress tests on separate days. The women completed a ramp protocol ...
Buscemi S - - 2012
A well known problem in conventional cycling crank systems is the pedalling dead spot when the crank arms are in vertical position. The pedalling dead spot mitigates the power output during the propulsion phase of pedalling. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a new design ...
Avelar Núbia C P - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of passive warm-up (PW), whole-body vibration (WBV), and control (C) on high-intensity performance during sprint cycle exercise. Six recreationally trained men performed a 30-seconds sprint cycle test after the three aforementioned conditions; each test was carried out on a different ...
Zainuldin Rahizan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study determined the intensity of walking exercise prescribed from 70% of peak speed achieved during the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and whether a steady-state response was achieved when exercising at this intensity. DESIGN: Each participant performed lung function tests, an ...
Kennedy Jill M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if healthy young women of various aerobic fitness levels are vulnerable to intrapulmonary arteriovenous shunts (IPAVS) at sub maximal work rates. Female volunteers (n=24) performed semi-recumbent cycling exercise to exhaustion and agitated saline contrast echocardiography was used to determine the presence of ...
Roberts Justin D - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to undertake an independent investigation into the effects of ingesting a carbohydrate-protein-electrolyte (CPE) beverage on repeated submaximal and time-trial cycling performance. Sixteen recreationally trained males (height: 1.76 ± 0.07 m; weight: 70.05 ± 7.90 kg; VO2max: 49.69 ± 4.19 ml.kg-1.min-1) performed two exercise trials ...
Yung Marcus - - 2012
Trends in industry are leaning towards jobs that are more stereotyped at lower workloads. Physical variation is a potential ergonomic intervention. However, little is known of physiological response to different kinds of variation. To investigate this issue, three kinds of isometric contraction patterns with the same mean amplitude, cycle time, ...
Liang Michael T C - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Panax Notoginseng (PNG) taken for 3 days and one 30-min cycling exercise can reduce postprandial hyperglycemia after ingesting a 75-mg oral glucose solution (OGTT) in untrained non-diabetic men, age 20-45 years. We randomly assigned 52 men to: 1) ginseng (G) + ...
Harrington Ann Tokay - - 2012
Introduction. Adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) often have difficulty participating in exercise at intensities necessary to improve cardiovascular fitness. Functional electrical stimulation- (FES-) assisted cycling is proposed as a form of exercise for adolescents with CP. The aims of this paper were to adapt methods and assess the feasibility of ...
Nieman David C - - 2012
This study compared the acute effect of ingesting bananas (BAN) versus a 6% carbohydrate drink (CHO) on 75-km cycling performance and post-exercise inflammation, oxidative stress, and innate immune function using traditional and metabolomics-based profiling. Trained cyclists (N = 14) completed two 75-km cycling time trials (randomized, crossover) while ingesting BAN or CHO ...
Gusso Silmara - - 2012
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important tool for cardiac research, and it is frequently used for resting cardiac assessments. However, research into non-pharmacological stress cardiac evaluation is limited. We aimed to design a portable and relatively inexpensive MRI cycle ergometer capable of continuously measuring pedalling workload while patients exercise ...
Carmont Mike - - 2012
In the run up to the London 2012 Olympics, this editorial introduces the cross-journal article collection Advances in Sports Nutrition, Exercise and Medicine http://www.biomedcentral.com/series/asnem.
Chen Chee Keong - - 2012
The use of herbs as ergogenic aids in exercise and sport is not novel. Ginseng, caffeine, ma huang (also called 'Chinese ephedra'), ephedrine and a combination of both caffeine and ephedrine are the most popular herbs used in exercise and sports. It is believed that these herbs have an ergogenic ...
Keramidas Michail E - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of interval training combined with a thigh cuffs pressure of +90 mmHg on maximal and submaximal cycling performance. Twenty untrained individuals were assigned either to a control (CON) or to an experimental (CUFF) training group. Both groups trained 3 days per week ...
Benarab-Boucherit Yasmina - - 2011
Background. We studied the prevalence rate of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in Annaba schoolchildren. No previous assessment of this syndrome had ever been done in Algeria. Methods. EIB was evaluated using the 6 min free running test (6MFRT) on 286 children, 87.4% of whom were 10-12 years old. They performed the ...
Terry-McElrath Yvonne M YM Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. - - 2011
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has called for increased research into the use of physical activity in substance abuse prevention, specifically research into physical activity type and context. This paper examines the relationships between (1) secondary school student substance use and (2) exercise in general and school athletic team ...
Girija B - - 2011
Women in large number are engaged in skilled and unskilled sectors of job and there is increasing participation of women in sports, Considering the fact that cyclical endocrine profile in females can have bearing on cardiovascular and respiratory function, in turn on physical capacity, The study of effects of phases ...
Stubbs N C - - 2011
Reason for performing study: In human subjects with back pain, the deep spinal stabiliser m. multifidus is inhibited ipsilaterally leading to atrophy, asymmetry and intervertebral instability. Specific physiotherapeutic exercises are required to reactivate m. multifidus. This study assesses the effect of dynamic mobilisation exercises on size and symmetry of m. ...
Liao Bagen - - 2011
Exercise improves high-fat diet (HFD)-induced skeletal muscle insulin resistance, but the mechanism is unresolved. This study aims to explore whether the improvement in response to exercise is associated with mTOR/S6K1 signaling and whether the signaling changes are muscle-specific. Male SD rats (150-180 g) were used for this study. After the experimental ...
Andersen Mette Bisgaard - - 2011
Human connective tissue e.g. tendons responds dynamically to physical activity, with collagen synthesis being increased after both acute and prolonged exercise or training. Markers of collagen synthesis and degradation as well as concentration of several potential growth factors have been shown to increase markedly in the peritendinous tissue around the ...
Egli Trevor - - 2011
The authors examined differences in exercise motivation between age, sex, and race for college students. Students from 156 sections of physical activity classes at a midsize university were recruited (n = 2,199; 1,081 men, 1,118 women) in 2005-2006 and volunteered to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory. Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive research ...
Smythe Gayle M - - 2011
Voluntary wheel running can potentially be used to exacerbate the disease phenotype in dystrophin-deficient mdx mice. While it has been established that voluntary wheel running is highly variable between individuals, the key parameters of wheel running that impact the most on muscle pathology have not been examined in detail. We ...
McLachlan Sarah - - 2010
Objectives. This research aimed to develop and validate a measure of integrated regulation based on self-determination theory (SDT) in an exercise context. Design. Cross-sectional and prospective surveys were employed. Methods. The measure was developed from first principles from an initial item pool and items were selected using expert evaluators. The validity of the ...
Rosa Neto J C - - 2011
Chronic physical exercise with adequate intensity and volume associated with sufficient recovery promotes adaptations in several physiological systems. While intense and exhaustive exercise is considered an important immunosuppressor agent and increases the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), moderate regular exercise has been associated with significant disease protection and ...
García Juan José - - 2011
Physical activity has a great capacity for modulating the immune system, including the inflammatory response. However, the effects of exercise on the inflammatory response have rarely been studied in women, even though women are more susceptible than men to chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to ascertain ...
Wakshlag Joseph J - - 2010
To determine whether long-distance endurance exercise in sled dogs causes increases in serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether such increases are correlated with other markers of the exercise-induced acute-phase response. 25 sled dogs. Serum was obtained from 25 sled dogs approximately 48 hours before and immediately after completing ...
Wang Jong-Shyan - - 2011
The integration and control of systemic immune responses depends on the regulated trafficking of T-lymphocytes. This study elucidates how various exercises regimens with/without hypoxia affect phenotypic characteristics of T-lymphocyte subsets in blood. Fifty sedentary males were randomly divided into five groups. Each group (n=10) received one of five interventions: normoxic ...
Jönsson Sofia - - 2011
In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment response is determined by measurements of BCR-AB1L transcripts in peripheral blood by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and a 2-5 fold increase is considered a warning sign. The BCR-ABL1 gene is mainly expressed in myeloid cells whereas quantification of BCR-ABL1 is performed on the nucleated ...
Valdés-Ramos Roxana - - 2010
Diet and exercise are primary strategies recommended for the control of the obesity epidemic. Considerable attention is being paid to the effect of both on the immune system. However, little research has been done on the effect of diet, nutrients or exercise on the mucosal immune system. The gastrointestinal tract ...
Fletcher D K - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of caffeine ingestion on antigen-stimulated T- (CD4(+) and CD8(+) ) and natural killer (NK)- (CD3(-) CD56(+) ) cell activation after prolonged, strenuous cycling. In a randomized cross-over design, nine male endurance cyclists (age: 22 ± 3 years, V̇O(2peak) : 62 ± 4 mL/kg/min, mean ± SD) ...
Venhorst Jennifer J Abbott Healthcare Products, 1381 CP Weesp, The - - 2010
Molecular graph theory was used to design a unique and diverse, high-efficiency fragment screening collection. A data set retrieved from the annotated database AurSCOPE GPS was used as the reference set, and the GDB-13 database, a virtual library of enumerated organic molecules, was used as a source for the fragment ...
Booth Stephen - - 2010
Acute exercise alters the surface expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and HLA.DR on blood monocytes, which could transiently compromise immunity. As serum factors might be responsible, we examined the effects of autologous post-exercise serum exposure on TLR2, TLR4 and HLA.DR expression on resting blood monocytes and their subtypes. Eight trained ...
Nakajima Toshiaki - - 2010
High-intensity exercise shares similarities with acute phase responses of inflammatory diseases. We investigated the influences of acute exercise on inflammatory markers, plasma pentraxin3 (PTX3) and serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) (hsCRP). Nine healthy male subjects (41 ± 3 years old) participated. Each subject performed three types of exercise; ergometer exercise at 70% workload ...
Yakeu G - - 2010
Pharmacological activation of the nuclear receptor PPARγ is linked to numerous beneficial effects in the contexts of inflammation, lipid homeostasis, Type-2 Diabetes (T2D) and atherosclerosis. These beneficial effects include priming of circulating monocytes for differentiation towards an 'alternative' anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage phenotype. As we have recently shown that participation in ...
Turner James E JE School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2010
Exercise induces mobilisation of CD8(+) T lymphocytes (CD8TL) into the peripheral blood. This response is largely confined to effector-memory CD8TLs: antigen experienced cells which have a strong tissue-homing and effector potential. This study investigated whether effector-memory cells also account for the CD8TL egress from peripheral blood following exercise. As latent ...
Tay Edgar L W - - 2011
Iron deficiency is common in cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) and results in reduced exercise tolerance. Currently, iron replacement is advocated with limited evidence in cyanotic CHD. We investigated the safety and efficacy of iron replacement therapy in this population. Twenty-five iron-deficient cyanotic CHD patients were prospectively studied between August ...
Coen Paul M - - 2010
Statin treatment and exercise training can reduce markers of inflammation when administered separately. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of rosuvastatin treatment and the addition of exercise training on circulating markers of inflammation including C-reactive protein (CRP), monocyte toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression, and CD14+CD16+ monocyte ...
Chamorro-Viña Carolina - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this controlled trial was to assess the effect of an approximately 3-wk intrahospital exercise intervention performed during inpatient hospitalization for pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) on (i) immune cell recovery and (ii) body composition. METHODS: Immune (i.e., blood counts of leukocytes, monocytes, lymphocytes, and ...
Navarro Francisco - - 2010
Active lymphocytes (LY) and macrophages (MPhi) are involved in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Due to its anti-inflammatory effect, physical exercise may be beneficial in RA by acting on the immune system (IS). Thus, female Wistar rats with type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were submitted to swimming training (6 ...
Lee Jeong-Beom - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of Oligonol intake on cortisol, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6 concentrations in the serum at rest and after physical exercise loading. Nineteen healthy sedentary male volunteers participated in this study. The physical characteristics of the subjects were: a mean height of 174.2 +/- 2.7 cm, a ...
Navalta James W - - 2010
Methods of assessing exercise-induced lymphocyte apoptosis have produced varying results. While morphological methods generally yield a significantly greater apoptotic index compared to those employing biochemical markers, benefits and limitations are associated with each methodology. Of interest in this report is the limitation of subjectivity associated with the morphological technique. To ...
Tanimura Yuko - - 2010
Intense exercise affects the immune system. This study examines effects of three consecutive days of 1 h high-intensity exercise on lymphocyte counts, oxidative DNA damage, and apoptosis in young untrained (n = 8, 23.8 +/- 3.2 years; UT) and endurance-trained (n = 8, 21.1 +/- 3.7 years; TR) subjects. The ...
Bonsignore Maria R - - 2010
The effects of endurance or maximal exercise on mobilization of bone marrow-derived hemopoietic and angiogenetic progenitors in healthy subjects are poorly defined. In 10 healthy amateur runners, we collected venous blood before, at the end of, and the day after a marathon race (n = 9), and before and at ...
Wang Haitao H College of Physical Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, People's Republic of - - 2010
Nitric Oxide (NO) plays an important role in iron redistribution during exercise, while its molecular regulatory mechanism is still not clear. Our present studies were to investigate the effects of NO on iron metabolism and to elucidate the regulatory mechanism of iron transport in skeletal muscle both in vivo and ...
Hill Matthew N MN Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. - - 2010
Voluntary exercise and endogenous cannabinoid activity have independently been shown to regulate hippocampal plasticity. The aim of the current study was to determine whether the endocannabinoid system is regulated by voluntary exercise and if these changes contribute to exercise-induced enhancement of cell proliferation. In Experiment 1, 8 days of free ...
Matsubara Yuichi - - 2010
In the field of athletics, acupuncture has been used for treatment of injury, reduction of fatigue and management of physical condition. However, there is little information on the effect of acupuncture on the immune function in response to exercise. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect ...
Kawada Shigeo - - 2010
We investigated the effects of supplementation with cystine, a dipeptide of cysteine, and theanine (CT), a precursor of glutamate, on immune variables during high-intensity resistance exercise. Cysteine and glutamate are involved in the formation of glutathione, which modulates the activity of natural killer (NK) cells. In this double-blinded clinical trial, ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2010
Exercise-induced leukocytosis and lymphocytosis is accompanied by up-regulation and down-regulation of hundreds of genes in white blood cells (WBCs). Agouti-related protein (AgRP) is an orexigenic peptide secreted predominantly from the arcuate nucleus in the hypothalamus. AgRP affects feeding behavior and plays a role in energy and glucose homeostasis and adiposity. ...
Moir Hannah - - 2010
We previously proposed 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) dephosphorylation within immune cells as an intracellular mechanism linking exercise and immunosuppression. In this study, AMPK phosphorylation underwent transient (<1 h) decreases (53.8+/-7.2% basal) immediately after exercise (45 min of cycling at 70% VO2max) in a cohort of 16 adult male participants. Similar ...
Michishita Ryoma - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It has been well known that physical inactivity is associated with a significantly higher incidence of coronary artery disease. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that endurance aerobic exercise training has cardiovascular protective effects as a result of inhibiting inflammatory processes. METHODS: Forty-two overweight women [age, 53.4 +/- ...
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