Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1041
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Terry-McElrath Yvonne M - - 2011
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has called for increased research into the use of physical activity in substance abuse prevention, specifically research into physical activity type and context. This paper examines the relationships between (1) secondary school student substance use and (2) exercise in general and school athletic team ...
Girija B - - 2011
Women in large number are engaged in skilled and unskilled sectors of job and there is increasing participation of women in sports, Considering the fact that cyclical endocrine profile in females can have bearing on cardiovascular and respiratory function, in turn on physical capacity, The study of effects of phases ...
Stubbs N C - - 2011
Reason for performing study: In human subjects with back pain, the deep spinal stabiliser m. multifidus is inhibited ipsilaterally leading to atrophy, asymmetry and intervertebral instability. Specific physiotherapeutic exercises are required to reactivate m. multifidus. This study assesses the effect of dynamic mobilisation exercises on size and symmetry of m. ...
Liao Bagen - - 2011
Exercise improves high-fat diet (HFD)-induced skeletal muscle insulin resistance, but the mechanism is unresolved. This study aims to explore whether the improvement in response to exercise is associated with mTOR/S6K1 signaling and whether the signaling changes are muscle-specific. Male SD rats (150-180 g) were used for this study. After the experimental ...
Andersen Mette Bisgaard - - 2011
Human connective tissue e.g. tendons responds dynamically to physical activity, with collagen synthesis being increased after both acute and prolonged exercise or training. Markers of collagen synthesis and degradation as well as concentration of several potential growth factors have been shown to increase markedly in the peritendinous tissue around the ...
Egli Trevor - - 2011
The authors examined differences in exercise motivation between age, sex, and race for college students. Students from 156 sections of physical activity classes at a midsize university were recruited (n = 2,199; 1,081 men, 1,118 women) in 2005-2006 and volunteered to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory. Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive research ...
Smythe Gayle M - - 2011
Voluntary wheel running can potentially be used to exacerbate the disease phenotype in dystrophin-deficient mdx mice. While it has been established that voluntary wheel running is highly variable between individuals, the key parameters of wheel running that impact the most on muscle pathology have not been examined in detail. We ...
McLachlan Sarah - - 2010
Objectives. This research aimed to develop and validate a measure of integrated regulation based on self-determination theory (SDT) in an exercise context. Design. Cross-sectional and prospective surveys were employed. Methods. The measure was developed from first principles from an initial item pool and items were selected using expert evaluators. The validity of the ...
Rosa Neto J C - - 2011
Chronic physical exercise with adequate intensity and volume associated with sufficient recovery promotes adaptations in several physiological systems. While intense and exhaustive exercise is considered an important immunosuppressor agent and increases the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), moderate regular exercise has been associated with significant disease protection and ...
García Juan José - - 2011
Physical activity has a great capacity for modulating the immune system, including the inflammatory response. However, the effects of exercise on the inflammatory response have rarely been studied in women, even though women are more susceptible than men to chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to ascertain ...
Wakshlag Joseph J - - 2010
To determine whether long-distance endurance exercise in sled dogs causes increases in serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether such increases are correlated with other markers of the exercise-induced acute-phase response. 25 sled dogs. Serum was obtained from 25 sled dogs approximately 48 hours before and immediately after completing ...
Wang Jong-Shyan - - 2011
The integration and control of systemic immune responses depends on the regulated trafficking of T-lymphocytes. This study elucidates how various exercises regimens with/without hypoxia affect phenotypic characteristics of T-lymphocyte subsets in blood. Fifty sedentary males were randomly divided into five groups. Each group (n=10) received one of five interventions: normoxic ...
Jönsson Sofia - - 2011
In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment response is determined by measurements of BCR-AB1L transcripts in peripheral blood by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and a 2-5 fold increase is considered a warning sign. The BCR-ABL1 gene is mainly expressed in myeloid cells whereas quantification of BCR-ABL1 is performed on the nucleated ...
Valdés-Ramos Roxana - - 2010
Diet and exercise are primary strategies recommended for the control of the obesity epidemic. Considerable attention is being paid to the effect of both on the immune system. However, little research has been done on the effect of diet, nutrients or exercise on the mucosal immune system. The gastrointestinal tract ...
Fletcher D K - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of caffeine ingestion on antigen-stimulated T- (CD4(+) and CD8(+) ) and natural killer (NK)- (CD3(-) CD56(+) ) cell activation after prolonged, strenuous cycling. In a randomized cross-over design, nine male endurance cyclists (age: 22 ± 3 years, V̇O(2peak) : 62 ± 4 mL/kg/min, mean ± SD) ...
Booth Stephen - - 2010
Acute exercise alters the surface expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and HLA.DR on blood monocytes, which could transiently compromise immunity. As serum factors might be responsible, we examined the effects of autologous post-exercise serum exposure on TLR2, TLR4 and HLA.DR expression on resting blood monocytes and their subtypes. Eight trained ...
Nakajima Toshiaki - - 2010
High-intensity exercise shares similarities with acute phase responses of inflammatory diseases. We investigated the influences of acute exercise on inflammatory markers, plasma pentraxin3 (PTX3) and serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) (hsCRP). Nine healthy male subjects (41 ± 3 years old) participated. Each subject performed three types of exercise; ergometer exercise at 70% workload ...
Yakeu G - - 2010
Pharmacological activation of the nuclear receptor PPARγ is linked to numerous beneficial effects in the contexts of inflammation, lipid homeostasis, Type-2 Diabetes (T2D) and atherosclerosis. These beneficial effects include priming of circulating monocytes for differentiation towards an 'alternative' anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage phenotype. As we have recently shown that participation in ...
Turner James E JE School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, - - 2010
Exercise induces mobilisation of CD8(+) T lymphocytes (CD8TL) into the peripheral blood. This response is largely confined to effector-memory CD8TLs: antigen experienced cells which have a strong tissue-homing and effector potential. This study investigated whether effector-memory cells also account for the CD8TL egress from peripheral blood following exercise. As latent ...
Tay Edgar L W - - 2011
Iron deficiency is common in cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) and results in reduced exercise tolerance. Currently, iron replacement is advocated with limited evidence in cyanotic CHD. We investigated the safety and efficacy of iron replacement therapy in this population. Twenty-five iron-deficient cyanotic CHD patients were prospectively studied between August ...
Coen Paul M - - 2010
Statin treatment and exercise training can reduce markers of inflammation when administered separately. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of rosuvastatin treatment and the addition of exercise training on circulating markers of inflammation including C-reactive protein (CRP), monocyte toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression, and CD14+CD16+ monocyte ...
Chamorro-Viña Carolina - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this controlled trial was to assess the effect of an approximately 3-wk intrahospital exercise intervention performed during inpatient hospitalization for pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) on (i) immune cell recovery and (ii) body composition. METHODS: Immune (i.e., blood counts of leukocytes, monocytes, lymphocytes, and ...
Navarro Francisco - - 2010
Active lymphocytes (LY) and macrophages (MPhi) are involved in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Due to its anti-inflammatory effect, physical exercise may be beneficial in RA by acting on the immune system (IS). Thus, female Wistar rats with type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were submitted to swimming training (6 ...
Lee Jeong-Beom - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of Oligonol intake on cortisol, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6 concentrations in the serum at rest and after physical exercise loading. Nineteen healthy sedentary male volunteers participated in this study. The physical characteristics of the subjects were: a mean height of 174.2 +/- 2.7 cm, a ...
Navalta James W - - 2010
Methods of assessing exercise-induced lymphocyte apoptosis have produced varying results. While morphological methods generally yield a significantly greater apoptotic index compared to those employing biochemical markers, benefits and limitations are associated with each methodology. Of interest in this report is the limitation of subjectivity associated with the morphological technique. To ...
Tanimura Yuko - - 2010
Intense exercise affects the immune system. This study examines effects of three consecutive days of 1 h high-intensity exercise on lymphocyte counts, oxidative DNA damage, and apoptosis in young untrained (n = 8, 23.8 +/- 3.2 years; UT) and endurance-trained (n = 8, 21.1 +/- 3.7 years; TR) subjects. The ...
Bonsignore Maria R - - 2010
The effects of endurance or maximal exercise on mobilization of bone marrow-derived hemopoietic and angiogenetic progenitors in healthy subjects are poorly defined. In 10 healthy amateur runners, we collected venous blood before, at the end of, and the day after a marathon race (n = 9), and before and at ...
Wang Haitao H College of Physical Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, People's Republic of - - 2010
Nitric Oxide (NO) plays an important role in iron redistribution during exercise, while its molecular regulatory mechanism is still not clear. Our present studies were to investigate the effects of NO on iron metabolism and to elucidate the regulatory mechanism of iron transport in skeletal muscle both in vivo and ...
Hill Matthew N - - 2010
Voluntary exercise and endogenous cannabinoid activity have independently been shown to regulate hippocampal plasticity. The aim of the current study was to determine whether the endocannabinoid system is regulated by voluntary exercise and if these changes contribute to exercise-induced enhancement of cell proliferation. In Experiment 1, 8 days of free ...
Matsubara Yuichi - - 2010
In the field of athletics, acupuncture has been used for treatment of injury, reduction of fatigue and management of physical condition. However, there is little information on the effect of acupuncture on the immune function in response to exercise. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect ...
Kawada Shigeo - - 2010
We investigated the effects of supplementation with cystine, a dipeptide of cysteine, and theanine (CT), a precursor of glutamate, on immune variables during high-intensity resistance exercise. Cysteine and glutamate are involved in the formation of glutathione, which modulates the activity of natural killer (NK) cells. In this double-blinded clinical trial, ...
Ghanbari-Niaki Abbass - - 2010
Exercise-induced leukocytosis and lymphocytosis is accompanied by up-regulation and down-regulation of hundreds of genes in white blood cells (WBCs). Agouti-related protein (AgRP) is an orexigenic peptide secreted predominantly from the arcuate nucleus in the hypothalamus. AgRP affects feeding behavior and plays a role in energy and glucose homeostasis and adiposity. ...
Moir Hannah - - 2010
We previously proposed 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) dephosphorylation within immune cells as an intracellular mechanism linking exercise and immunosuppression. In this study, AMPK phosphorylation underwent transient (<1 h) decreases (53.8+/-7.2% basal) immediately after exercise (45 min of cycling at 70% VO2max) in a cohort of 16 adult male participants. Similar ...
Michishita Ryoma - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It has been well known that physical inactivity is associated with a significantly higher incidence of coronary artery disease. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that endurance aerobic exercise training has cardiovascular protective effects as a result of inhibiting inflammatory processes. METHODS: Forty-two overweight women [age, 53.4 +/- ...
Boettger Silke - - 2010
Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have repeatedly been described to exhibit both a humoral as well as a cellular pro-inflammatory state. Acute exercise, representing physical stress, can further aggravate such an immune dysbalance. In the light of recommended exercise programmes for depressed patients, we aimed to investigate the inflammatory ...
Radom-Aizik Shlomit - - 2010
Exercise leads to a rapid change in the profile of gene expression in circulating neutrophils. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been discovered to play important roles in immune function and often act to attenuate or silence gene translation. We hypothesized that miRNA expression in circulating neutrophils would be affected by brief exercise. ...
Oliveira Marta - - 2010
Several studies have reported that some immune cell functions including monocyte Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression and antigen presentation are temporarily impaired following acute bouts of strenuous exercise, which could represent an 'open window' to upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). However, we do not know the time course of effects of ...
Navalta James Wilfred - - 2010
While the stress associated with acute exercise has been reported to induce significant lymphocyte apoptosis, not all investigations have confirmed this finding. Regardless of animal or human subjects, exercise-induced lymphocyte apoptosis may be induced via an external receptor-mediated pathway, or internally via the mitochondria through an oxidative-mediated pathway. On the ...
Kakanis M W - - 2010
The 'open window' theory is characterised by short term suppression of the immune system following an acute bout of endurance exercise. This window of opportunity may allow for an increase in susceptibility to upper respiratory illness (URI). Many studies have indicated a decrease in immune function in response to exercise. ...
Suchánek Ondřej - - 2010
We analyzed the frequency and absolute numbers of circulating myeloid and plasmacytoid DCs in peripheral blood and evaluated their maturation status to test the hypothesis that significant physical stress to the body might induce measurable changes in DCs subsets, phenotype and function, which would complete existing knowledge about the response ...
Simpson Richard J - - 2010
Acute bouts of aerobic exercise are known to mobilize antigen-experienced CD8+ T-cells expressing the cell surface marker of senescence, KLRG1, into the blood. It is not known; however if this is due to a selective mobilization of terminally differentiated T-cells (i.e., KLRG1 +/CD28-/CD57+) or a population of effector memory T-cells ...
Agostini Francesco - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Glutamine is largely synthesized in skeletal muscles and provides fuel to rapidly dividing cells of the immune system and precursors to gluconeogenesis in the liver. Physical exercise is known to affect glutamine synthesis and to modulate glutamine uptake. Overtraining is frequently associated with reduced availability of glutamine ...
Peters Edith M - - 2010
To determine the association between variation in exercise load, immunoglobulin (Ig) status, and self-reported symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in ultramarathon runners. Longitudinal observational field study. Four weeks before and 2 weeks after an 86.5-km Comrades Marathon, South Africa. Fourteen randomly selected, amateur, male, ultramarathon runners. Daily record ...
Murakami Shigeki - - 2010
Intense exercise induces increased blood neutrophil counts and decreased lymphocyte counts, and leads to inflammation and immunosuppression. It was previously reported that cystine and theanine (CT) supplementation by long-distance runners before a training camp suppressed the changes of these blood parameters observed in un-supplemented control subjects after the camp. The ...
Cywińska A - - 2010
Strenuous exercise is recognized as a stress, which may induce functional immunodeficiency and increase individual susceptibility to infection. It has been shown in equine athletes, that alterations in leukocyte functions occur after moderate and submaximal exertion, however, no data deal with the effect of extreme physical exertion. In this study, ...
Davison Glen - - 2010
Oral supplementation with bovine colostrum (COL) has been shown to enhance immunity in human subjects. However, there is limited research on the use of bovine COL supplementation to counter exercise-induced immunodepression, as a model of stress-induced immunodepression, and previous research has focused primarily on salivary IgA. The aim of the ...
Vitorino Daniele Cristina - - 2010
Previous studies have reported that chronic supplementation with shark liver oil (SLO) improves immune response of lymphocyte, macrophage and neutrophil in animal models and humans. In a similar manner, exercise training also stimulates the immune system. However, we are not aware of any study about the association of exercise and ...
Simpson Richard J - - 2010
The elderly population is at an unprecedented risk of infectious diseases and malignancy due to apparently inevitable age-related declines in immunity. The 'immune risk profile' (IRP) is an array of biomarkers that has been used to predict morbidity and mortality in older adults. As it is generally accepted that middle-aged ...
Nakamura Seiji - - 2010
A 4-h bout of exercise induces immunomodulatory effects. Peripheral blood was withdrawn before, and at 4, 8 and 24h after the start of exercise. RNA from the unfractionated white blood cells was analyzed using Agilent human 44K microarray. The expression profiles were sorted into seven clusters based on their unique ...
Watson T - - 2010
Endothelial damage/dysfunction is involved in numerous cardiovascular disease processes. Given that the mature endothelial cells have limited capacity for self regeneration, circulating progenitor cells (CPCs) may modulate the balance between vascular damage and regeneration. The three aims of the present study were 1) to define the influence of exercise treadmill ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >