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O'Leary C B CB Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2014
The biosynthesis and metabolism of testosterone and cortisol are altered by the high levels of adipose tissue and the constant state of low-grade inflammation of obesity. Resistance exercise (REx) has become one of the main lifestyle interventions prescribed to obese individuals due to its ability to positively influence body composition ...
Nascimento Bruno Ramos BR Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a marker of autonomic dysfunction severity. The effects of physical training on HRV indexes in Chagas heart disease (CHD) are not well established. Objective: To evaluate the changes in HRV indexes in response to physical training in CHD. Methods: Patients with CHD and left ...
Oviedo Guillermo R GR School of Psychology, Education and Sport Blanquerna, University Ramon Llull, 34 Cister Street, Barcelona, 08022, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adults with intellectual disability (ID) have decreased cardiovascular fitness and strength present with lower rates of physical activity (PA), and often have balance and functional impairments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a combined PA program (CPAP) utilizing aerobic, strength and balance training on cardiovascular ...
Schwenk Michael - - 2014
Preventing and rehabilitating gait disorders in people with dementia during early disease stage is of high importance for staying independent and ambulating safely. However, the evidence gathered in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of exercise training for improving spatio-temporal gait parameters in people with dementia is scarce. The ...
Kurowski Marcin - - 2014
Respiratory epithelium integrity impairment caused by intensive exercise may lead to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Clara cell protein (CC16) has anti-inflammatory properties and its serum level reflects changes in epithelium integrity and airway inflammation. This study aimed to investigate serum CC16 in elite athletes and to seek associations of CC16 with asthma ...
Fornieles G G School of Medicine, University of Cadiz, Cadiz, - - 2014
This study was designed to assess the influence of resistance training on salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) levels and hormone profile in sedentary adults with Down syndrome (DS). A total of 40 male adults with DS were recruited for the trial through different community support groups for people with intellectual disabilities. ...
Mattukat K K Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale),Germany, - - - 2014
Background: Despite the positive health effects of (intensive) exercise in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases, they are very often inactive. Motivational exercise interventions in other patient samples have shown good effects in promoting exercise behaviours. Aim: To evaluate the short- and long-term effects of an intensive exercise training programme in ...
Hidalgo Carlos C Department of Physiology and Sarver Molecular Cardiovascular Research Program, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United - - 2014
Exercise has beneficial effects on diastolic dysfunction but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we studied the effects of exercise on the elastic protein titin, an important determinant of diastolic stiffness, in both the left ventricle and the diaphragm. We used wild type mice and genetically engineered mice ...
Micucci C C UOC di Broncopneumologia - Servizio di Allergologia, Ospedale "Carlo Urbani", Jesi (Ancona) Italy. - - 2014
We report the case of a 73 year old man on chronic aspirin therapy who went in anaphylactic shock during his daily farm chores following a meal rich in wheat products. The serum specific IgE assay (ImmunoCAP) showed strong positive specific IgE responses to ω-5 gliadin. A two-year period avoiding ...
Morat Tobias T Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Muengersdorf 6, 50933, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
To facilitate the transfer of exercise effects to older adults' everyday life, essential daily life movements (stair climbing and walking on different surfaces) were embedded into the functional movement circle for older adults (FuMoC) -- a systematic balance and resistance training programme supplemented by functional movements. This study's aim was ...
Kim Sang-Hyun SH Laboratory of Immunotoxicology, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 700-422, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity swimming exercise (HISE) on atopic dermatitis (AD). For the study, we established an AD model in BALB/c mice by repeated local exposure of house dust mite extract (Dermatophagoides farinae extract, DFE) and 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) to the ears. After ...
Streckmann F F Department of Hematology and Oncology, Freiburg University Medical - - 2014
Lymphoma patients undergoing therapy must cope with the side-effects of the disease itself, therapy and associated immobility. Peripheral neuropathy (PNP), loss of balance control and weakness not only diminishes patients' quality of life (QOL), it can also affect planning and the dosage of therapy. Exercise may enable patients to reverse ...
Irander K K Allergy Center, ENT Section, University Hospital, Linköping, - - 2014
Palate lung nasal epithelial clone (PLUNC) is a family of proteins, which are proposed to participate in the innate immune defense against infections in the upper aero-digestive tract. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of SPLUNC1 in allergic rhinitis subjects with considerations taken to the mucosal ...
Kleiman Jacob J Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) is a disorder where exercise following allergen ingestion triggers anaphylaxis although exercise and allergen exposure are independently tolerated. The diagnosis of FDEIA is based on a characteristic clinical history. The culprit allergen is usually confirmed through the use of skin prick testing (SPT) serum-specific IgE levels ...
Borges Leandro da Silva Lda S Instituto de Ciências da Atividade Física e Esportes, Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, Rua Galvão Bueno 868, 13°Andar, Bloco B, 01506-000 Liberdade, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Herein, we investigated the effects of a ballet class on the kinetic profiles of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, cytokines, complement component 3 (C3), and the concentrations of immunoglobulin (Ig), IgA and IgM, in ballerinas. We also verified neutrophil death and ROS release. Blood samples were taken ...
Shimizu Kazuhiro K Sports Research & Development Core, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of Lactobacillus pentosus strain b240 (b240) intake and appropriate physical training on salivary secretory immunoglobulin A secretion in elderly adults with low physical fitness. Elderly adults with low physical fitness (daily step count below 3,500 steps) were divided into 2 ...
Meneguello-Coutinho Marcela - - 2013
Although aging compromises the functionality of macrophages (MΦ) and lymphocytes (LY), and dietary restriction (DR) and exercise partially counterbalance immunosenescence, it is unknown what effects of both strategies have on the functionality of these immune cells. Rats were randomly distributed into adult control (AD), older group (OLD), older submitted to ...
Schwenk Michael - - 2013
Background: Translation of intensive exercise programs developed specifically for patients with dementia into clinical settings is lacking. Objective: To determine if a progressive resistance and functional training program, previously evaluated in dementia outpatients, can be implemented in a geriatric inpatient setting in order to improve motor performances in patients with ...
Jones Arwel W - - 2013
Bovine colostrum (COL) has been advocated as a nutritional countermeasure to exercise-induced immune dysfunction and increased risk of upper respiratory illness (URI) in athletic populations, however, the mechanisms remain unclear. During winter months, under double-blind procedures, 53 males (mean training load±SD, 50.5±28.9 MET-hweek(-1)) were randomized to daily supplementation of 20g ...
Kim Cheol Woo CW Division of Police and Security Administration, Dong-Eui Institute of Technology, Busan 614-715, - - 2013
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIAn) is induced by different types and various intensities of physical activity, and is distinct from food allergies. It has been shown that consumption of allergenic food followed by exercise causes FDEIAn symptoms. Intake of allergenic food or medication before exercise is a major predisposing factor for ...
Spencer Lissa M - - 2013
To determine the opinions and attitudes toward exercise in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had completed a randomised controlled trial of 12-months maintenance exercise. Participants were eligible for recruitment to the maintenance exercise study if they had COPD and had completed an 8-week pulmonary rehabilitation program. They ...
van de Weert-van Leeuwen Pauline B PB Department of Paediatric Pulmonology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Laboratory of Translational Immunology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Centre for Molecular and Cellular Intervention, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Considerable heterogeneity among training-induced effects is observed in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We previously showed that longitudinal changes in exercise capacity in adolescents with CF were negatively associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) colonization and total immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels, independent of age, pulmonary function and bodyweight. This is ...
McFarlin Brian K - - 2013
ABSTRACT Strenuous exercise, such as running a marathon, is known to suppress mucosal immunity for up to 24 hr, which can increase the risk of developing an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and reduced performance capacity (Allgrove JE, Geneen L, Latif S, Gleeson M. Influence of a fed or fasted ...
Adachi Yoko S - - 2013
We present a case of mite-ingestion-associated exercise-induced anaphylaxis mimicking wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA). A 17-year-old boy was referred for an episode of anaphylaxis while jogging, 1.5 h after having eaten okonomiyaki (a Japanese pancake). Laboratory measures revealed a slightly elevated specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody against omega-5 gliadin (0.41 kUA/l) ...
Chung Charles S CS Department of Physiology, University of Arizona, PO Box245051, Tucson AZ 85724, - - 2013
Diastolic dysfunction is a poorly understood but clinically pervasive syndrome that is characterized by increased diastolic stiffness. Titin is the main determinant of cellular passive stiffness. However, the physiological role that the tandem immunoglobulin (Ig) segment of titin plays in stiffness generation and whether shortening this segment is sufficient to ...
Spielmann Guillaume - - 2013
Dynamic exercise evokes a rapid redeployment of cytotoxic T cell subsets with high surface expression of β2 adrenergic receptors, presumably to enhance immunosurveillance during acute stress. As this response is affected by age and infection history, this study examined latent CMV infection as a potential confounder to age-related differences in ...
Riera Joan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Strenuous exercise has been classically associated to immune-suppression and consequently to an increased risk of infections, especially at the upper respiratory tract. The administration of dietary nucleotides has been demonstrated useful to maintain the immune function in situations of stress and thus could be an appropriate strategy to counteract ...
Marinda Fourie F Fourie Marinda, Department of Sport, Rehabilitation and Dental Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria, Gauteng, 0001, Republic of South - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the effects of mat Pilates on resting heart rate, resting blood pressure and fasting blood glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides in elderly women. Fifty sedentary, apparently healthy females aged 60 and older were randomly assigned into a control (CG, n = 25) or an intervention (IG, ...
Warren Kristi K Program of Immunobiology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, - - 2013
Moderate exercise may decrease the severity of influenza infection and reduce lung viral load. The possibility that an exercise-associated reduction in lung viral load early in infection could contribute to decreased serum antibody and reduced memory response were investigated. BALB/c mice exercised for 8 wk and were then infected with ...
Rosa L - - 2013
Strenuous exercise promotes changes in salivary IgA and can be associated with a high incidence of upper respiratory tract Infections. However, moderate exercise enhances immune function. The effect of exercise on salivary IgA has been well studied, but its effect on other immunological parameters is poorly studied. Thus, this study ...
Boullosa Daniel A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of a supervised training program on: changes in serum monoclonal protein level (i.e. IgG), percentage of bone marrow plasma cells (BMPCs), fitness performance, and cardiac autonomic control (i.e. heart rate [HR] variability [HRV] and HR complexity [HRC]) in a female diagnosed with smoldering multiple myeloma ...
Gillum T L TL Dept of Kinesiology, California Baptist University, Riverside, CA 92504, - - 2013
Prolonged exercise may compromise immunity through a reduction of salivary antimicrobial proteins (AMPs). Salivary IgA (IgA) has been extensively studied, but little is known about the effect of acute, prolonged exercise on AMPs including lysozyme (Lys) and lactoferrin (Lac). To determine the effect of a 50-km trail race on salivary ...
Navarro Rodolfo R - - 2013
Nasal problems in athletes can have detrimental impacts on athletic performance. Increasingly strenuous physical exercise requires the nasal respiratory system to function efficiently in order to meet the increasing oxygen demand. Generally, nasal issues can be grouped into traumatic and nontraumatic categories. Rhinitis is the most common nasal issue in ...
Carlson Lara A - - 2013
Heavy exercise stresses immune function, however carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation has been shown to attenuate the decline in some measures of immune function after exercise. The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of CHO supplementation on salivary immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) levels, interleukin 2 (IL-2), and interleukin 5 (IL-5), ...
Ostojic Sergej M - - 2013
Although dietary nucleotides have been determined to be required for normal immune function, there is limited direct interventional evidence confirming performance-enhancing effects of sublingual nucleotides in humans. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of sublingual nucleotides (50 mg/day) administered for 14 days in thirty young ...
Eda Nobuhiko - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of high-intensity endurance exercise on skin immunity by estimating secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) and staphylococci on skin surface. Seven healthy adult males (age; 22.3 ± 2.0 years) performed bicycle exercise at 75%HRmax for 60 min from 20:30 to 21:30. ...
Navarro Francisco - - 2012
Exercise modulates both glucose and glutamine metabolism which influences lymphocyte function. We investigated the influence of chronic moderate exercise on glucose and glutamine metabolism in lymphocytes, the associated influence on proliferation, and cytokine and immunoglobulin production. Male Wistar rats (8 weeks old) were placed in an exercise training group (N = 15, 1 h day(-1) ...
Muñoz-Soria E - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effect of a treatment with glycophosphopeptide on Olympic high platform divers during training and competition by measuring lymphocytes and cortisol in peripheral blood, and secretory immunoglobin A in saliva (sIgA). Two groups of 8 divers were given a 14-day treatment of ...
Busch John C - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of intensive functional exercise training with that of usual cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in very old adults soon after coronary bypass surgery (CABG). Randomized controlled trial. In-hospital CR. Individuals aged 75 and older (n = 173, mean 78.5 ± 3.2) participated in inpatient CR, which started soon ...
Trochimiak T T Dept. of Biochemistry, University of Physical Education, Warsaw, - - 2012
The aim of this paper is to describe the structure, production and function of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) as well as changes of its concentration caused by exercise of various intensity and duration. Immunoglobulin A is the main class of antibodies present in the body secreted fluids such as saliva, ...
Chinuki Yuko - - 2012
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is a specific form of wheat allergy typically induced by exercise after ingestion of wheat products. Wheat ω-5 gliadin is a major allergen associated with conventional WDEIA, and detection of serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) specific to recombinant ω-5 gliadin is a reliable method for its diagnosis. ...
Davison Glen - - 2013
Strenuous and/or prolonged exercise causes transient perturbations in immune function. It is well accepted that this is one mechanism contributing to the higher occurrence of infection (e.g. upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)) in athletes, especially endurance athletes. URTI or upper respiratory tract (URT) symptoms can negatively affect training and competition ...
Hofmann S C - - 2012
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is characterized by anaphylactic reactions after wheat ingestion and physical exercise. IgE antibodies to recombinant ω(5) -gliadin are detectable in a majority of WDEIA patients, but other wheat allergens may also play a role in elicitation of WDEIA. Here, we performed a comprehensive analysis of IgE ...
Goodall Rodney L - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the effects on lower limb injury rates of adding structured balance and agility exercises to the 80-day basic training programme of army recruits. A blocked (stratified), cluster-randomised controlled trial was employed, with one intervention group (IG) and one control group (CG), in ...
Sloan C A - - 2012
32 postmenopausal women were randomized to a 16-week home-based walking program or control group. Before and after the intervention, each subject completed a graded maximal treadmill test to establish VO2max and resting saliva was collected to determine levels of salivary immunoglobulin A. The 16-week walking program resulted in an increase ...
Lorenz Tierney A TA Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA. - - 2012
Antidepressants can impair sexual arousal. Exercise increases genital arousal in healthy women, likely due to increasing sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. Test if exercise increases genital arousal in women taking antidepressants, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which suppress SNS activity, and selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), which ...
Wallis Jason A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine if pre-operative interventions for hip and knee osteoarthritis provide benefit before and after joint replacement. METHOD: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of pre-operative interventions for people with hip or knee osteoarthritis awaiting joint replacement surgery. Standardised mean differences (SMD) were calculated for pain, ...
Ciliberti Paolo - - 2011
Evaluation of: Goldberg DJ, French B, McBride MG et al. Impact of oral sildenafil on exercise performance in children and young adults after the Fontan operation: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Circulation 123, 1185-1193 (2011). After the Fontan operation, patients often have decreased exercise capacity as a result of ...
Leskovsek Matevz - - 2011
We demonstrate a low latency respiratory/breathing frequency detection system that is fast (<5 ms), easy to operate, requires no batteries or external power supply and operates fully via computer-standard USB connection. Exercises in controlling ones breathing frequency, usually referred to as paced-breathing exercises, have shown positive effects in treating pulmonary diseases, ...
Bolwell C F - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: There is increasing evidence suggesting that early exercise in Thoroughbred racehorses may be beneficial to the development of the musculoskeletal system. At present, information on the exercise programmes and health problems of individual yearlings during a sales preparation is scant. Objectives: To describe the exercise and ...
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