Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1195
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Van Den Berg Rosaline - - 2010
To simulate the effect of low-intensity exercise in early rehabilitation, we investigated the effect of a 7-week low-intensity norm duration hand rim wheelchair training on the physical capacity in untrained able-bodied individuals. Twenty-five able-bodied participants were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group: 10 participants exercised 7 weeks, three ...
Eng Janice J - - 2010
Given the potential of exercise to positively influence so many physical and psychosocial domains, the Fitness and Mobility Exercise (FAME) Program was developed to address the multiple impairments arising from the chronic health condition of stroke. We present the details of this exercise program and the evidence which has shown ...
Kuniyoshi Shimpei - - 2010
The decline in arterial oxygen saturation of hemoglobin during exercise has been termed exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH). We examined whether repeated bouts of sprint exercise (SprE) would induce EIAH in healthy young men and women. Ten men and 11 women (20.4 +/- 0.3 year) performed an anaerobic power test (three ...
Sweeney Kaitlin M - - 2010
The dipeptide carnosine has been shown to contribute to the buffer capacity of hydrogen ions (H) during intense exercise. Increasing skeletal muscle carnosine levels through beta-alanine (BA) supplementation has been shown to maintain acid-base balance, delay fatigue, and improve exercise performance. We designed this study to examine the effect of ...
G?kbel Hakk - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of oral coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on performance during repeated bouts of supramaximal exercise. This randomized, double-blind, crossover study was composed of two 8-week periods of supplementation with either 100 mg.d(-1) CoQ10 or placebo. Fifteen healthy and sedentary men participated ...
Springer Bradley K - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to examine ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) between adult men (n = 10) and women (n = 10) during two different modes of fatiguing exercise. Participants provided their rating of perceived exertion (6-20 scale) while performing single-leg heel raises and exercise on a ...
Chiu Loren Zf - - 2010
Recent technical advances allow coaches, sport scientists, and researchers to take frequent performance measurements, both within a training session and across a period of training. These performance measurements should demonstrate a systematic pattern, based on physiologic responses and adaptations; however, variability in performance, resulting from both physiologic and psychological factors, ...
Rahmann Ann E AE Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, - - 2010
Expert opinion considers the referral of people with osteoarthritis (OA) for physiotherapy to be a core component of managing the functional disability and pain of the disease. Clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of people with OA focus on three main areas: exercise, pain relief, and specific manual therapy techniques. ...
Nimmerichter A - - 2010
The study aimed to assess the reproducibility of power output during a 4 min (TT4) and a 20 min (TT20) time-trial and the relationship with performance markers obtained during a laboratory graded exercise test (GXT). Ventilatory and lactate thresholds during a GXT were measured in competitive male cyclists (n=15; (.)VO ...
Sanchez-Medina L - - 2010
This study analyzed the contribution of the propulsive and braking phases among different percentages of the one-repetition maximum (1RM) in the concentric bench press exercise. One hundred strength-trained men performed a test with increasing loads up to the 1RM for the individual determination of the load-power relationship. The relative load ...
Miura Akira - - 2009
The tolerable duration (t) of high-intensity cycle ergometry is well characterized by a hyperbolic function of power output (P) with an asymptote (termed the critical power (CP)) and a curvature constant (denoted W'). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of prior heavy exercise (W-up) that specifically ...
Lericollais Romain - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate time-of-day effects on fatigue during a sustained anaerobic cycling exercise. Sixteen healthy male competitive cyclists were asked to perform a 60 s Wingate test against a braking load of 0.087 kg.kg body mass(-1) during two experimental sessions, which were set up either ...
Dumke Charles L - - 2009
Previous evidence suggests that quercetin supplementation increases performance in humans. We examined the effects of 3 weeks of quercetin supplementation on fuel utilization, gross efficiency (GE), and perceived effort during 3 h of cycling over 3 successive days. Forty cyclists were randomized into quercetin and placebo groups and tested for ...
Paton Carl D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Aerobic economy is an important factor that affects the performance of competitive cyclists. It has been suggested that placing the foot more anteriorly on the bicycle pedals may improve economy over the traditional foot position by improving pedaling efficiency. The current study examines the effects of changing the anterior-posterior ...
Hansen Ernst Albin - - 2009
The development of noncircular chain wheels for the enhancement of cycling performance has been in progress for a long time and continues apace. In this study we tested whether submaximal cycling using a non-circular (Biopace) versus a circular chain wheel resulted in lower peak crank torque at preset pedal rates ...
Pearson Simon N - - 2009
This study determined whether backward grinding performance in America's Cup sailing could be improved using a training intervention to increase power capability in the upper-body pull movement. Fourteen elite male sailors (34.9 +/- 5.9 years; 98.1 +/- 14.4 kg; 186.6 +/- 7.7 cm) were allocated into experimental (speed-focussed) and control ...
Fontana Piero - - 2010
Cardiac output (Q) and stroke volume (V(S)) represent primary determinants of cardiovascular performance and should therefore be determined for performance diagnostics purposes. Since it is unknown, whether measurements of Q and V(S) can be performed by means of Innocor during standard graded exercise tests (GXTs), and whether current GXT stages ...
Mauger A R - - 2011
Objective To determine whether the provision of comparative performance feedback during 4 km track cycling affects completion time. Design Five highly trained male cyclists first performed a baseline (BL) 4-km time trial (TT) on a velodrome track, followed by two further randomised 4-km TT, during which riders received either correct ...
Izquierdo-Gabarren Mikel - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the best prediction factors of traditional rowing performance in traditional elite (ER) and amateur (AR) rowers. Average power during the 20-min all-out test (W(20 min)), average power output which elicited a blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol l(-1) (W(4 mmol l(-1))), power ...
Paton Carl D - - 2009
High-resistance interval training produces substantial gains in sprint and endurance performance of cyclists in the competitive phase of a season. Here, we report the effect of changing the cadence of the intervals. We randomized 18 road cyclists to 2 groups for 4 weeks of training. Both groups replaced part of ...
Doria Christian - - 2009
Breath-by-breath O(2) uptake (VO2, L min(-1)) and blood lactate concentration were measured before, during exercise, and recovery in six kata and six kumite karate Word Champions performing a simulated competition. VO2max, maximal anaerobic alactic, and lactic power were also assessed. The total energy cost (VO2TOT mL kg(-1) above resting) of ...
Yunoki Takahiro - - 2009
This study was designed to determine whether awareness of change in load alters ventilatory response during moderate exercise. Subjects performed two incremental exercise protocols on a cycle ergometer. The load was increased from 1.0 to 1.5kp in steps of 0.1kp every 3min. Subjects were provided true information about the load ...
Thomas Non Eleri - - 2009
This study investigated the effect of repeated bouts of short-term, high-intensity cycling exercise on the salivary cortisol, testosterone and immunoglobulin (A) concentrations of 15-16 year old boys. Seventeen apparently healthy schoolchildren (aged 15.5 +/- 0.4 years) participated in this study. All participants completed 6 x 8 s sprints, interspersed with ...
Dimenna Fred J - - 2009
We used extreme pedal rates to investigate the influence of muscle fibre recruitment on pulmonary V(O)(2) kinetics during unloaded-to-moderate-intensity (U-->M), unloaded-to-high-intensity (U-->H), and moderate-intensity to high-intensity (M-->H) cycling transitions. Seven healthy men completed transitions to 60% of the difference between gas-exchange threshold and peak V(O)(2) from both an unloaded and ...
Billaut François - - 2009
This study characterized the effect of sex on neuromuscular activity during repeated bouts of sprint exercise. Thirty-three healthy male and female athletes performed twenty 5-s cycle sprints separated by 25 s of rest. Mechanical work and integrated electromyograhs (iEMG) of 4 muscles of the dominant lower limb were calculated in ...
Dorel Sylvain - - 2009
PURPOSE: Alterations of the mechanical patterns during an exhaustive pedaling exercise have been previously shown. We designed the present study to test the hypothesis that these alterations in the biomechanics of pedaling, which occur during exhaustive exercise, are linked to changes in the activity patterns of lower limb muscles. METHODS: ...
Dipla Konstantina - - 2009
This study examined the maturation pattern of fatigue resistance (FR) from childhood to adulthood in females and males during high-intensity intermittent exercise and compared FR between females and males in childhood and adolescence. Thirty males (boys 11.3 +/- 0.5 years, teen-males 14.7 +/- 0.3 years, men 24.0 +/- 2.1 years) ...
Sbriccoli Paola - - 2009
Muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV) gives critical information on neuromuscular control and can be considered a size principle parameter, being suggestive of motor unit recruitment strategies. MFCV has been recently measured during constant-load sub-maximal cycling exercise and was found to correlate positively with percentage of type I myosin heavy chain. ...
Vercruyssen Fabrice - - 2010
The present review of cycling science focuses on the identification of criteria that affect the freely chosen cadence (FCC) during submaximal exercise of short and prolonged durations. Cadence selection during submaximal cycling constitutes a potential parameter affecting the endurance performance in subjects of varying aerobic fitness level and experience. The ...
Warburton Darren E R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Interactive video game exercise leads to improved exercise adherence and health-related physical fitness in comparison to traditional stationary cycling. It has been postulated that interactive video game exercise has greater metabolic requirements than traditional cycling; however, this has not been tested to date. PURPOSE: To examine the metabolic requirements ...
Van Thienen Ruud - - 2009
PURPOSE: Recent research has shown that chronic dietary beta-alanine (betaALA) supplementation increases muscle carnosine content, which is associated with better performance in short (1-2 min) maximal exercise. Success in endurance competitions often depends on a final sprint. However, whether betaALA can be ergogenic in sprint performance at the end of ...
Hopker James - - 2009
PURPOSE: To monitor training-related changes in gross efficiency (GE) over the course of a competitive cycling season. METHODS: Fourteen trained cyclists (mean +/- SD: 34 + 8 yr, 74.3 +/- 7.4 kg, Wmax = 406 +/- 43 W, V O2max = 59.5 +/- 3.8 mL x kg x min) with ...
Padua Darin A - - 2009
Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) occur because of excessive loading on the knee. ACL injury prevention programs can influence sagittal plane ACL loading factors and vertical ground reaction force (VGRF). To determine the influence of ACL injury prevention programs on sagittal plane knee biomechanics (anterior tibial shear force, ...
van Essen G J - - 2009
In view of the remarkable decrease of the relative heart weight and the relative blood volume in growing pigs, we investigated whether cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV) of modern growing pigs are proportional to body mass (M), as predicted by allometric scaling laws: CO (or SV) = a.M(b), ...
Neville Vernon - - 2009
Big-boat yacht racing is one of the only able bodied sporting activities where standing arm-cranking ('grinding') is the primary physical activity. However, the physiological capabilities of elite sailors for standing arm-cranking have been largely unreported. The purpose of the study was to assess aerobic parameters, VO(2peak) and onset of blood ...
Lenton J P - - 2009
To further understand the possible underlying mechanisms of the low efficiencies in hand rim wheelchair propulsion, this study examined efficiency indices at different arm frequencies during two propulsion modes (synchronous and asynchronous). Fourteen male able-bodied participants performed VO2PEAK tests for both propulsion modes. Subsequently two sub-maximal exercise tests examining synchronous ...
Lander P J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether self-pacing reduces the physiological challenge of performing 5000 m rowing ergometry exercise in comparison with a matched-intensity exercise condition in which a constant effort pacing strategy is enforced. METHODS: Nine healthy well-trained male participants volunteered to participate in three 5000 m rowing conditions (two submaximal and ...
van Soest A J - - 2009
Rowers sit on a seat that slides relative to the boat/ergometer. If a rower lifts him or herself from this sliding seat at any time, the seat will move away from under them and the rowing action is disrupted. From a mechanical perspective, it is clear that the need for ...
Jacobs Patrick L - - 2009
Recent research has indicated that short term administration of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC) significantly elevates levels of nitric oxide metabolites at rest and in response to reactive hyperaemia. However, no scientific evidence exists that suggests such supplementation enhances exercise performance in healthy, trained individuals. The purpose of this study was to ...
Adams Jessica B - - 2009
Power is an important component of general health, fitness, and athletic performance. Traditional overload techniques require considerable time, intensity, and volume of training. Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a potentially less time-consuming method for increasing power performance than traditional training. However, the exact protocols that can maximize power output have not ...
Baker Julien Steven - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to further examine the influence of hand-grip strength on power profiles and blood lactate values during high-intensity cycle ergometry. Fifteen male subjects each completed a 20-second cycle ergometer test twice, in a random manner, using two protocols, with a hand grip (WG), and without ...
van Drongelen S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the spatial orientation of the crank axis on mechanical efficiency, physiological strain and perceived discomfort in submaximal synchronous arm crank ergometry. METHODS: Twelve able-bodied individuals performed 12 submaximal exercise bouts of 3 minutes (women: 20 W/25 W; men: 25 W/35 W). The crank axis ...
Hoffman Jay R - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a pre-exercise high energy drink on reaction time and anaerobic power in competitive strength/power athletes. In addition, the effect of the pre-exercise drink on subjective feelings of energy, fatigue, alertness and focus was also explored. Twelve male strength/power athletes ...
Swart J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of an amphetamine (methylphenidate) on exercise performance at a fixed rating of perceived exertion of 16. METHODS: Eight elite cyclists ingested 10 mg methylphenidate in a randomised, placebo-controlled crossover trial. RESULTS: Compared with placebo, subjects receiving methylphenidate cycled for ...
Williams Craig A - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to identify critical power (CP) in boys and girls and to examine the physiological responses to exercise at and 10% above CP (CP+10%) in a sub-group of boys. Nine boys and 9 girls (mean age 12.3 (0.5) y performed 3 constant-load tests to derive ...
Chen Ching-Huey CH Associate Professor, Department of Nursing & Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2008
Tai Chi exercise has been proven to be beneficial among elders with osteoarthritis (OA). The long-term effects of this exercise remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Tai Chi exercise for Arthritis (TCEA) program on the physical status and quality of life of ...
Twist Craig - - 2009
This study evaluated the effects of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) on fixed-load cycling and 5-min time-trial performance. Seven recreational athletes performed two submaximal fixed-load exercise bouts followed by a 5-min time-trial before, 48 and 168 h following 100 counter-movement jumps. Measurements of V(O)(2) heart rate, RER and blood lactate concentration ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2009
We tested the hypothesis that a prior 30 s sprint exercise bout would significantly reduce the curvature constant (W') but not the power-asymptote (critical power, CP) of the power-duration relationship as assessed using a novel 3 min all-out cycling test. Seven physically active male subjects completed the 3 min all-out ...
Clark Ross A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare the peak force and force curve characteristics during a traditional bench press (BP) and a ballistic bench throw (BT). Eight (age = 21.0 +/- 2.3 years, height = 182.3 +/- 7.4 cm, body mass = 85.9 +/- 5.5 kg) semi-professional rugby league ...
Jones R Murry - - 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the kinetic characteristics of the power clean exercise using either free weight or machine resistance. After familiarization, 14 resistance trained men (mean +/- SD; age = 24.9 +/- 6.2 years) participated in two testing sessions. During the initial testing session, one-repetition maximum ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >