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Results 351 - 400 of 1183
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Lamont Linda S - - 2011
Purpose.?Wheelchair users are by necessity, limited to upper body exercise and have fewer exercise options. An ergometer found in many homes and fitness facilities can be simply adapted for use by those with lower extremity disabilities. This article outlines a novel modification using polyvinyl chloride(PVC) tubing to an existing exercise ...
Lim Allen C - - 2010
PURPOSE:: To compare the demands of a six-day stage race using field measures of power output and heart rate in male (n=8) and female (n=10) competitive cyclists. METHODS:: Heart rate and power output were monitored in males and females competing in separate races on identical courses including a prologue (4 ...
Koch Beate - - 2011
Testosterone exerts a widespread pattern of effects on metabolism and body composition, and interest is gaining in its correlation with physical fitness. The main focus of our study was to investigate the association of total serum testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels on exercise capacity and maximal power output ...
Holsgaard-Larsen A - - 2010
A rowing ergometer can be placed on a slide to imitate 'on-water' rowing. The present study examines I) possible differences in biomechanical and physiological variables of ergometer rowing with and without slides and II) potential consequences on training load during exercise. 7 elite oars-women rowed in a randomized order in ...
Francis James T JT - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to develop a modified version of a 3-min all-out cycling test (3MT) using equipment readily available to cyclists and to identify exercise intensity domains using the average power output over the last 30 s of the 3MT (end-test power (EP)). Sixteen competitive cyclists (V(O2peak) ...
Elmer Steven J - - 2010
Previous investigators have reported changes in maximal power after eccentric exercise. The influence of eccentric joint-specific power absorption on subsequent concentric joint-specific power production during multijoint actions has not been reported. Our purposes were to determine the extent to which ankle, knee, and hip joint actions absorbed power during eccentric ...
Wasuntarawat Chanchira - - 2010
Thai ginseng, Kaempferia parviflora, is widely believed among the Mong hill tribe to reduce perceived effort and improve physical work capacity. Kaempferia parviflora is consumed before their daily work. Therefore, we conducted an acute study on the effects of K. parviflora on repeated bouts of sprint exercise and on endurance ...
Kaya Defne - - 2010
McConnell recommended that patellar tape be kept on all day, until patients learn how to activate their vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) during an exercise program. This application may pose problems because prolonged taping may be inadvisable for some patients or even contraindicated owing to skin discomfort, irritation, or allergic reaction. ...
Elmer Steven J - - 2010
Previous investigators have reported velocity-dependent strength loss for single-joint actions following acute eccentric exercise. The extent to which velocity influences recovery of multi-joint function is not well documented. Our main purpose was to compare alterations in maximal cycling power produced across a range of pedaling rates following eccentric exercise. An ...
Rae Dale E - - 2010
We compared the cardiorespiratory response and muscle recruitment [as determined by electromyography (EMG)] of 37 McArdle patients [19 males, 37.4 ± 2.8 years, body mass index (BMI): 25.1 ± 4.7 kg m(-2)] and 33 healthy controls (18 males, 36.4 ± 10.0 years, BMI: 25.7 ± 3.8 kg m(-2)) during cycle-ergometer exercise (an incremental test to exhaustion and a 12-min submaximal constant workload test). ...
Smilios Ilias - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the mechanical power and the electromyographic (EMG) activity during a moderate load muscular endurance session and (b) the maximal mechanical power output and EMG activity using a light load and a heavy load afterward. Sixteen men (age: 20.7 +/- 1.1 years) ...
Fry A C - - 2010
This study examined the acute hormonal responses to a single high power resistance exercise training session. Four weight trained men (X +/- SD; age [yrs] = 24.5 +/- 2.9; hgt [m] = 1.82 + 0.05; BM [kg] = 96.9 +/- 10.6; I RM barbell squat [kg] = 129.3 +/- 17.4) ...
Robbins Daniel W - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the acute effects of performing traditional set (TS) vs. complex set (CS) agonist-antagonist training over 3 consecutive sets, on bench press throw (BPT) throw height (TH), peak velocity (PV), peak power (PP), bench pull volume load (VL), and electromyographic (EMG) activity. Eighteen ...
Molis Marc A - - 2010
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is a phenomenon of airway narrowing that occurs during or after exercise or physical exertion. This condition has been reported in a range of sporting activities but is most common in participants of cold-weather sports (eg, Nordic skiing) and indoor sports (eg, ice-skating and swimming). Traditionally, the ...
Mello Roger Gomes Tavares - - 2010
This work aims at testing the influence of peripheral and central fatigue, after maximal oxygen uptake test (Test1) and prolonged (Test2) cycle ergometer exercises, respectively, on sway density curve (SDC) parameters of postural control. Sixteen healthy male subjects were submitted to stabilometric tests, before and after the exercises. The Test1 ...
Racinais Sebastien - - 2010
The present study was designed to investigate if the suggested greater fatigability during repeated exercise in the afternoon, compared to the morning, represents a true time-of-day effect on fatigability or a consequence of a higher initial power. In a counterbalanced order, eight subjects performed a repeated-sprint test [10 x (6 ...
Samogin Lopes Felipe A - - 2010
This study analyzed the effect of an acute static stretching bout on the time to exhaustion (Tlim) at power output corresponding to VO2max. Eleven physically active male subjects (age 22.3+/-2.8 years, VO2max 2.7+/-0.5 L.min) completed an incremental cycle ergometer test, 2 muscle strength tests, and 2 maximal tests to exhaustion ...
Sperlich Billy - - 2010
Previous studies have indicated that aerobic pathways contribute to 13-27% of the energy consumed during short-term (10-20 s) sprinting exercise. Accordingly, the present investigation was designed to test the hypothesis that prior breathing of oxygen-enriched air (F(in)O(2) = 60%) would enhance power output and reduce fatigue during subsequent sprint cycling. ...
Mays Ryan J - - 2010
This investigation compared estimated and predicted peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) and maximal heart rate (HRmax) among the treadmill, cycle ergometer, and elliptical ergometer. Seventeen women (mean +/- SE: 21.9 +/- 0.3 y) exercised to exhaustion on all modalities. American College of Sports Medicine metabolic equations were used to estimate ...
Nuzzo James L - - 2010
The maximal dynamic output (MDO) hypothesis is a newly proposed concept, which suggests that the muscular system of the lower limbs is designed to produce maximal power output when performing countermovement vertical jumping (CMJ) at body mass as opposed to other loading conditions. However, it is unclear if the MDO ...
Javierre C - - 2010
Physical exercise is often terminated not due to muscle fatigue but because of inadequate neural drive in the serotonergic system. Modifications in activity levels of the serotonergic system, induced by variations in the availability of L-tryptophan (a serotonin precursor) may alter neural drive. We examined the effect of L-tryptophan supplementation ...
Bentley Jason R - - 2010
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of different lifting cadences on the ground reaction force (GRF) during the squat exercise. Squats performed with greater acceleration will produce greater inertial forces; however, it is not well understood how different squat cadences affect GRF. The hypotheses were that ...
El Helou Nour - - 2010
Road cycling ranks among the most intense endurance exercises. Previous studies and mathematical models describing road cycling have not analysed performances per se. We describe the evolution of road cycling performance over the past 116 years. We studied the top ten cyclists' mean speeds in eight famous classic races and ...
Hirai D M - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of pedal frequency on the slow component of pulmonary oxygen uptake ( V O(2)) kinetics during heavy exercise at the same relative intensity. We hypothesized that higher pedal frequency (expected to enhance fast-twitch muscle fiber recruitment) would be associated with greater slow component amplitude (A' ...
Annaheim Simon - - 2010
This study investigated the change in the energetically optimal cadence after prolonged cycling. The energetically optimal cadence (EOC) was determined in 14 experienced cyclists by pulmonary gas exchange at six different cadences (100-50 rpm at 10 rpm intervals). The determination of the EOC was repeated after a prolonged cycling exercise ...
Morris David Michael - - 2010
The authors sought to compare power output at blood lactate threshold, maximal lactate steady state, and pH threshold with the average power output during a simulated 20-km time trial assessed during cycle ergometry. Participants (N = 13) were trained male and female cyclists and triathletes, all permanent residents at moderate ...
Noordhof Dionne A - - 2010
The maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) method has been extensively, but unfortunately not very methodically, used; the procedure used to determine the MAOD varies considerably. Therefore, this review evaluates the effect of different numbers and durations of submaximal exercise bouts on the linear power output (PO)-oxygen uptake ((.)VO2) relationship and ...
Marcora Samuele Maria - - 2010
In exercise physiology, it has been traditionally assumed that high-intensity aerobic exercise stops at the point commonly called exhaustion because fatigued subjects are no longer able to generate the power output required by the task despite their maximal voluntary effort. We tested the validity of this assumption by measuring maximal ...
Koninckx Erwin - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a weight training program for the leg extensors with isokinetic cycling training (80 rpm) on maximal power output and endurance performance. Both strength training interventions were incorporated twice a week in a similar endurance training program of 12 weeks. ...
Hale Bruce D - - 2010
Researchers have hypothesized differences in exercise dependence and drive for muscularity between bodybuilders and power lifters, while others have not found the predicted differences. This study assessed 146 weight lifters (bodybuilders, n=59; power lifters, n=47; fitness lifters, n=40) on the Exercise Dependence Scale, Bodybuilding Dependence Scale, and the Drive for ...
Bonjour Julien - - 2010
The hypothesis that changes in gravity acceleration (a(g)) affect the linear relationships between oxygen consumption VO2 and mechanical power (w ) so that at any w, VO2 increases linearly with a(g) was tested under conditions where the weight of constant-mass legs was let to vary by inducing changes in a(g) ...
Tsampoukos Antonios - - 2010
This study examined the effects of menstrual cycle phase (MCP) upon sprinting and recovery as well as upon metabolic responses to such exercise. Eight females performed a repeated 30-s sprint on a non-motorised treadmill interspersed with a 2-min rest in three phases of the MCP, follicular (low 17beta-estradiol and progesterone), ...
Mar?n Pedro J - - 2010
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to attempt to gain a clear picture of the magnitude of adaptations in muscular power expected after acute and chronic training, as well as identify specific factors that influence the treatment effects. Studies using a power training intervention and containing data necessary to calculate ...
Vanhatalo Anni - - 2010
PURPOSE: We tested the hypotheses that sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion would result in no alteration in critical power (CP) but would improve performance in a 3-min all-out cycling test by increasing the total amount of work done above CP (W'). METHODS: Eight habitually active subjects completed 3-min all-out sprints against ...
Jo Edward - - 2010
Research examining postactivation potentiation (PAP) in recreationally trained individuals (RTI) shows mixed results. Because the balance of PAP and fatigue after heavy-load exercise influences performance outcomes, recovery duration after the stimulus might explain inconsistent results noted in RTI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of recovery ...
Boone Jan - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test whether the higher slope of the oxygen uptake/work rate relationship (DeltaVO2/DeltaW) in aerobically trained subjects compared with less trained counterparts during a ramp protocol is related to changes in muscle fiber activation. METHODS: Ten cyclists and 10 physically active (PA) students ...
Nakamura Priscila M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of preferred and nonpreferred music on exercise distance, Heart Rate (HR), and Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) during continuous cycling exercise performed at high intensity. Fifteen participants performed five test sessions. During two sessions, they cycled with fixed workload on ...
Jacobs Patrick L - - 2010
It has been demonstrated that acute GPLC supplementation produces enhanced anaerobic work capacity with reduced lactate production in resistance trained males. However, it is not known what effects chronic GPLC supplementation has on anaerobic performances or lactate clearance. The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term effects of ...
Van Den Berg Rosaline - - 2010
To simulate the effect of low-intensity exercise in early rehabilitation, we investigated the effect of a 7-week low-intensity norm duration hand rim wheelchair training on the physical capacity in untrained able-bodied individuals. Twenty-five able-bodied participants were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group: 10 participants exercised 7 weeks, three ...
Eng Janice J - - 2010
Given the potential of exercise to positively influence so many physical and psychosocial domains, the Fitness and Mobility Exercise (FAME) Program was developed to address the multiple impairments arising from the chronic health condition of stroke. We present the details of this exercise program and the evidence which has shown ...
Kuniyoshi Shimpei - - 2010
The decline in arterial oxygen saturation of hemoglobin during exercise has been termed exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH). We examined whether repeated bouts of sprint exercise (SprE) would induce EIAH in healthy young men and women. Ten men and 11 women (20.4 +/- 0.3 year) performed an anaerobic power test (three ...
Sweeney Kaitlin M - - 2010
The dipeptide carnosine has been shown to contribute to the buffer capacity of hydrogen ions (H) during intense exercise. Increasing skeletal muscle carnosine levels through beta-alanine (BA) supplementation has been shown to maintain acid-base balance, delay fatigue, and improve exercise performance. We designed this study to examine the effect of ...
G?kbel Hakk - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of oral coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on performance during repeated bouts of supramaximal exercise. This randomized, double-blind, crossover study was composed of two 8-week periods of supplementation with either 100 mg.d(-1) CoQ10 or placebo. Fifteen healthy and sedentary men participated ...
Springer Bradley K - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to examine ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) between adult men (n = 10) and women (n = 10) during two different modes of fatiguing exercise. Participants provided their rating of perceived exertion (6-20 scale) while performing single-leg heel raises and exercise on a ...
Chiu Loren Zf - - 2010
Recent technical advances allow coaches, sport scientists, and researchers to take frequent performance measurements, both within a training session and across a period of training. These performance measurements should demonstrate a systematic pattern, based on physiologic responses and adaptations; however, variability in performance, resulting from both physiologic and psychological factors, ...
Rahmann Ann E AE Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, - - 2010
Expert opinion considers the referral of people with osteoarthritis (OA) for physiotherapy to be a core component of managing the functional disability and pain of the disease. Clinical guidelines for the physiotherapy management of people with OA focus on three main areas: exercise, pain relief, and specific manual therapy techniques. ...
Nimmerichter A - - 2010
The study aimed to assess the reproducibility of power output during a 4 min (TT4) and a 20 min (TT20) time-trial and the relationship with performance markers obtained during a laboratory graded exercise test (GXT). Ventilatory and lactate thresholds during a GXT were measured in competitive male cyclists (n=15; (.)VO ...
Sanchez-Medina L - - 2010
This study analyzed the contribution of the propulsive and braking phases among different percentages of the one-repetition maximum (1RM) in the concentric bench press exercise. One hundred strength-trained men performed a test with increasing loads up to the 1RM for the individual determination of the load-power relationship. The relative load ...
Miura Akira - - 2009
The tolerable duration (t) of high-intensity cycle ergometry is well characterized by a hyperbolic function of power output (P) with an asymptote (termed the critical power (CP)) and a curvature constant (denoted W'). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of prior heavy exercise (W-up) that specifically ...
Lericollais Romain - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate time-of-day effects on fatigue during a sustained anaerobic cycling exercise. Sixteen healthy male competitive cyclists were asked to perform a 60 s Wingate test against a braking load of 0.087 kg.kg body mass(-1) during two experimental sessions, which were set up either ...
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