Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1195
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Oliveira Aline Mizusaki Imoto de - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness, especially of the quadriceps muscle, is one of the major musculoskeletal effects of knee osteoarthritis. Exercises are considered one of the main interventions in the conservative treatment of those patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of quadriceps strengthening exercises on functional capacity and symptoms related of knee ...
Hallstrand Teal S TS Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Washington, Box 356522, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
Alterations in the airway epithelium have been associated with the development of asthma in elite athletes and in subjects that are susceptible to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). The syndrome of EIB refers to acute airflow obstruction that is triggered by a period of physical exertion. Asthmatics who are susceptible to EIB ...
Hall Michelle - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Meniscectomy is a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis, with increased medial joint loading a likely contributor to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis in this group. Therefore, post-surgical rehabilitation or interventions that reduce medial knee joint loading have the potential to reduce the risk of developing or ...
Adams Jo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) commonly affects the hands and wrists with inflammation, deformity, pain, weakness and restricted mobility leading to reduced function. The effectiveness of exercise for RA hands is uncertain, although evidence from small scale studies is promising. The Strengthening And Stretching for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand ...
Cotter Kelly A - - 2012
Purpose of the study: Maintaining perceived psychological control in older adulthood is beneficial for health, well-being, and adjustment to chronic illness. Theoretically, control over specific, personally meaningful domains should inform general control beliefs. Thus, the objective of the present study was to examine perceived control over the exercise domain (operationalized ...
Rullman E - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is a member of a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases capable of degrading extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. A single bout of exercise increases levels of activated MMP-9 in skeletal muscle and in the circulation. However, whether the exercise-induced activation of MMP-9 is associated with ECM remodeling and ...
Spyropoulos Giannis - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on the biomechanics of the sit-to-stand transition (STST). Seventeen volunteers participated in an intense, eccentric based, muscle damage protocol of knee flexors and extensors via an isokinetic dynamometer. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected using a ...
Nicholettos Andrew - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that anterior laxity may be affected by knee extensor open kinetic chain (OKC) exercise with responses being load-dependent. The aim of this study is to evaluate the immediate and short-term changes in passive knee anterior laxity following a single session of OKC knee extensor exercise. METHODS: ...
Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou Antonios A Department of Rheumatology, Dudley Group NHS Foundation Trust, Russell's Hall Hospital, Dudley, - - 2013
Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and interventions aiming at increasing CRF are known to reduce CVD risk. The effects of such interventions on CVD risk have not been studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 40 age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and ...
Morimoto Atsuko - - 2012
The effects of exercise on chronic pain induced by immobilization are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether 30min of treadmill running (TR; active exercise) and 10min of static stretching (SS; passive exercise) of the immobilized hindlimb reduce widespread chronic pain, joint limitation, and hindlimb muscle ...
Cleather Daniel J DJ St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK. - - 2013
The internal joint contact forces experienced at the lower limb have been frequently studied in activities of daily living and rehabilitation activities. In contrast, the forces experienced during more dynamic activities are not well understood, and those studies that do exist suggest very high degrees of joint loading. In this ...
Wang Shi-Yi - - 2012
Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability. Nonsurgical treatment is a key first step. Systematic literature review of physical therapy (PT) interventions for community-dwelling adults with knee osteoarthritis. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Scirus, Allied and Complementary Medicine, and the Health and Psychosocial Instruments bibliography database. 193 ...
Law Rebecca-Jane - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This questionnaire study investigated the perceptions of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients across the UK in relation to exercise and joint health. The validity of the measure was also assessed. METHODS: Members of the National Rheumatoid Arthritis Society (NRAS) with self-reported RA completed the questionnaire online. Items related to five ...
Tarakci Ela E Division of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul University, 34452 ─░stanbul, Turkey. - - 2012
To investigate the effects of a land-based home exercise programme on pain, functional ability and quality of life in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. A randomized, controlled, single-blind study. Eighty-one patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis participated in this study. Functional ability, pain, and quality of life were assessed with a ...
Roper Jaimie A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of aquatic and land treadmill exercise on gait kinematics as well as the level of disease-specific and movement related pain for individuals with osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental crossover design. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=14; age, 43-64y) diagnosed with osteoarthritis at the knee (N=12), osteoarthritis ...
Micheo William - - 2012
Strength, flexibility, and stability are physiologic parameters associated with health-related physical fitness. Each of these domains affects health in general, the risk of injury, how an injury is treated, and performance in activities of daily living and sports. These domains are affected by individual phenotype, age, deconditioning, occupational activity, and ...
Keskin Ozlem - - 2012
Despite the universality and clinical significance of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB), the mechanisms responsible for it are incompletely understood. To investigate the role of exhaled RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted) and interleukin (IL) 4 in EIB in children with asthma. Fifty-six children with asthma were evaluated with ...
Concannon Leah G - - 2012
The diverse exercise goals of the aging population present several challenges to physicians. Whereas some Masters athletes aim to set personal time records, sedentary elderly persons may look to exercise to help maintain independence and combat functional decline. This review article examines the common cardiovascular and neuromuscular physiological changes associated ...
Hoglund Lisa T - - 2012
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) are common and may cause temporomandibular joint (TMJ) locking, pain, and disability. Evidence supports use of manual therapy and exercise for treatment of TMDs including disk displacement limiting full mouth opening, TMJ 'closed lock'. Only limited case studies describe management of TMJ 'open lock', a condition ...
Hando Ben R - - 2012
Describe short- and long-term outcomes observed in individuals with hip osteoarthritis (OA) treated with a pre-selected, standardized set of best-evidence manual therapy and therapeutic exercise interventions. Fifteen consecutive subjects (9 males, 6 females; mean age: 52±7.5 years) with unilateral hip OA received an identical protocol of manual therapy and therapeutic ...
Coyle Christian H - - 2012
Anterior cruciate ligament injury increases risk for accelerated development of osteoarthritis. The effect of exercise on articular cartilage following joint injury is not well understood. Biochemical biomarkers of collagen degradation and proteoglycan turnover are potential indicators for early articular cartilage degeneration. This study tests the hypothesis that serum concentrations of ...
Golightly Yvonne M YM Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2012
Exercise is recommended as a first-line conservative intervention approach for osteoarthritis (OA). A wide range of exercise programs are available and scientific evidence is necessary for choosing the optimal strategy of treatment for each patient. The purpose of this review is to discuss the effectiveness of different types of exercise ...
Lindström Irmeli - - 2012
Background. Asthma often begins in childhood or early adulthood and is a common disease among conscripts. The identification of long-term predictive factors for persistent asthma may lead to improved treatment opportunities and better disease control. Objective. Our aim was to study the prognostic factors of the severity of asthma among ...
Armagan Onur - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine if nasal salmon calcitonin has additional beneficial effects on clinical symptoms, serum NO, IL-1β, matrix metalloproteinase 3, urinary C-terminal telopeptide type II collagen (CTX-II) levels and MRI findings in knee osteoarthritis (OA) when used concomitantly with exercise therapy. Fifty female patients with knee OA ...
Tsatalas Themistoklis - - 2012
Abstract This study investigated the effects of knee localised muscle damage on running kinematics at varying speeds. Nineteen young women (23.2 ± 2.8 years; 164 ± 8 cm; 53.6 ± 5.4 kg), performed a maximal eccentric muscle damage protocol (5 × 15) of the knee extensors and flexors of both legs at 60 rad · s(-1). Lower body kinematics was assessed ...
Esfandiarpour Fateme - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studying the kinematics of the ACL deficient (ACLD) knees, during different physiological activities and muscle contraction patterns, can improve our understanding of the joint's altered biomechanics due to ACL deficiency as well as the efficacy and safety of the rehabilitations exercises. METHODS: Twenty-five male volunteers, including 11 normal and ...
Iversen Maura D - - 2012
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are twice as likely as their healthy peers to suffer from cardiovascular disease. RA is also a major cause of disability and reduced quality of life. Clinical trials of exercise and physical activity interventions demonstrate positive effects on muscle strength, function, aerobic capacity, mood and ...
Beckwée David - - 2012
The effectiveness of exercise to reduce pain and improve functioning in osteoarthritis of the knee (OAk) is well substantiated. Underlying mechanisms are still under debate and better understanding of the pathways involved may contribute to more targeted treatment strategies. The present qualitative analysis of the literature aims to provide an ...
Paans Nienke - - 2012
BackgroundOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the world and is recognized as a substantial source of disability. For patients with OA of the knee, exercise in combination with weight loss is a proven effective conservative treatment option, yet evidence is lacking for patients with hip OA.ObjectiveTo obtain ...
An Bing-Chen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of pain and functional limitation. Short-term Baduanjin () exercise had been testified to be beneficial to the disease. This study conducted an initial assessment of the one-year Baduanjin exercise on knee OA. METHODS: The recruited patients practiced Baduanjin at the community recreational ...
Cheung Peter P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Synovitis assessment through evaluation of swollen joints is integral in steering treatment decisions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there is high inter-observer variation. The objective was to assess if a short collegiate consensus would improve swollen joint agreement between rheumatologists and whether this was affected by experience. METHODS: Eighteen ...
Levy Susan S - - 2012
Research supports the favorable effects of exercise on physical and psychosocial outcomes in those with arthritis. Few easily disseminated, multi-component, arthritis-specific programs have been evaluated using both physical function and psychosocial measures. Fitness and Exercise for People with Arthritis (FEPA) is a new community-based, 3-month, instructor supervised multi-component exercise program ...
Segal Neil A NA Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1088, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether a platform exercise program with vibration is more effective than platform exercise alone for improving lower limb muscle strength and power in women ages 45 to 60 with risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Randomized, controlled study. Academic center. A total of 48 women ages 45-60 years ...
Roos E M - - 2012
Recent scientific advances in the treatment of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) relating to education, exercise, weight control and passive non-pharmacological and non-surgical treatments such as manual therapy, orthoses/orthotics and other aids are described. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Medline from July 2011 to 10 April 2012 ...
Elboim-Gabyzon M - - 2012
Objective:To determine whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied to the quadriceps femoris muscle will enhance the effectiveness of an exercise programme in patients with knee osteoarthritis.Design:A randomized trial with parallel intervention treatment groups.Setting:Outpatient physical therapy clinic.Subjects:Fifty participants (mean age (SD) 68.9 (7.7) years) with symptomatic idiopathic knee osteoarthritis and radiographic evidence ...
Deyle Gail D - - 2012
The orthopedic manual physical therapist approach to knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an effective, well-tolerated, and comprehensive strategy that provides a spectrum of intervention measures, which include guidance on activity selection, as well as selection of manual treatment and exercises to systematically address impairments and increase strength and movement in the ...
Gooyers Chad E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of wearing a resistance band around the distal thigh on frontal plane knee mechanics during bodyweight squat and jumping exercises. Three closed-kinetic-chain exercises were examined, including: (1) bodyweight squat, (2) countermovement jump, and (3) squat jump. For each exercise, three ...
Escamilla Rafael F - - 2012
Cruciate ligament injuries are common and may lead to dysfunction if not rehabilitated. Understanding how to progress anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament loading, early after injury or reconstruction, helps clinicians prescribe rehabilitation exercises in a safe manner to enhance recovery. Commonly prescribed therapeutic exercises include both weight-bearing exercise ...
Houghton Kristin - - 2012
Arthritis in childhood can be associated with low levels of physical activity and poor physical fitness. Children with arthritis may have decreased aerobic and anaerobic fitness, muscle weakness, low bone mass, and low bone strength. Suboptimal physical activity and exercise capacity may contribute to further deconditioning and disability, placing children ...
Focht Brian C - - 2012
Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent chronic degenerative disease that is associated with impaired quality of life and physical functioning. Although there is no cure for knee OA, regular exercise participation consistently results in improvements in quality of life, physical function, and knee OA symptoms. Findings from contemporary randomized ...
Arshi Saba - - 2012
The Link between allergic rhinitis and asthma is well known. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) may be present in rhinitis. The present study was aimed to compare airway responses in patients with rhinitis symptoms alone following exercise challenge, and to determine relationship of two different respiratory function tests.98 subjects with rhinitis were ...
Howell Emily R - - 2012
This case study reviews the conservative chiropractic treatment of hip osteoarthritis (OA) and the prescription of a rehabilitation program for a recreational golfer. A 49-year-old registered nurse/ college instructor presented with a five year history of left hip OA and pain, recent right hip pain and occasional low back stiffness. ...
Iversen Maura D - - 2012
This excerpt was created in the absence of an abstract.<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and ...
Hunt Michael A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is associated with a number of physical and psychological impairments. Unfortunately, very few treatment strategies are capable of addressing both types of impairments concurrently. We performed a pilot, randomized controlled, proof of principle trial investigating the feasibility and effects of an intervention combining physical ...
Pompeu José Eduardo JE São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2012
To investigate the effect of Nintendo Wii™-based motor cognitive training versus balance exercise therapy on activities of daily living in patients with Parkinson's disease. Parallel, prospective, single-blind, randomised clinical trial. Brazilian Parkinson Association. Thirty-two patients with Parkinson's disease (Hoehn and Yahr stages 1 and 2). Fourteen training sessions consisting of ...
Robach Paul - - 2012
It remains unclear by which mechanism 'live high-train low' (LHTL) altitude training increases exercise performance. Haematological and skeletal muscle adaptations have both been proposed. To test the hypotheses that (i) LHTL improves maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max) and (ii) this improvement is related to hypoxia-induced increases in total haemoglobin mass (Hb(mass)) ...
Wilhite Daniel P - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to estimate the percentage of the increase in whole body maximal oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]O(2max)) that is accounted for by increased respiratory muscle oxygen uptake after altitude training. Six elite male distance runners ([Formula: see text]O(2max) = 70.6 ± 4.5 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) and one elite female distance runner ([Formula: ...
Garuffi Marcelo - - 2012
Aim:  The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training in activities of daily living performance in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Methods:  An exploratory and longitudinal study, lasting for 16 weeks, with the participation of 34 patients divided equally in: the training group (TG), who participated in ...
Cabral-de-Oliveira Antonio Cesar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: One of the difficulties in maintaining long-term adherence to exercise is the distance from home to the place of exercise. OBJECTIVE: To determine, for a private supervised exercise program (PSEP), the influence of the home-PSEP distance on adherence. METHODS: We identified 976 individuals and selected 796 who met the ...
Sheerin Kelly R - - 2012
To investigate the effectiveness of 8-weeks of lower limb functional exercises on frontal plane hip and knee angles during running in youth athletes. Pre- and post-intervention quantitative experimental. Nineteen athletes (11 male, 8 female, 11.54 ± 1.34 years) from a long-term athletic development programme had 3-dimensional running gait measured pre and post ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >