Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1209
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Barbosa Alexandre Carvalho - - 2013
To study the effect of a protocol involving joint manipulation and specific exercises for pelvic stability to influence proprioceptive input to the spinal tissues and to observe the effects on sensorimotor function. Seven patients with pelvic anteversion and low back pain participated in an eight-week protocol (three sessions per week/nonconsecutive ...
Minov Jordan B - - 2013
ABSTRACT In order to assess prevalence and characteristics of exercise-related respiratory symptoms (ERRS) and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in industrial bakery, the authors performed a cross-sectional study including 57 bakers and an equal number of office workers studied as a control. Evaluation of examined subjects included completion of a questionnaire, skin ...
Schellenberg Florian - - 2013
In order to improve training performance, as well as avoid overloading during prevention and rehabilitation exercises in patients, the aim of this study was to understand the biomechanical differences in the knee, hip and the back between the exercises "Goodmornings" (GMs) and "Deadlifts" (DLs). The kinetics and kinematics of 13 ...
Stryła Wanda - - 2013
Authors present a set of exercises for patients after total hip replacement (THR) treated due to idiopathic hip joint osteoarthritis. Outcome of surgical treatment depends largely on physical therapy conducted after the procedure. Physical therapy following total hip arthroplasty involves restoration of proper physical function. Exercises increase the strength of ...
Hooper David R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hooper, DR, Szivak, TK, DiStefano, LJ, Comstock, BA, Dunn-Lewis, C, Apicella, JM, Kelly, NA, Creighton, BC, Volek, JS, Maresh, CM, and Kraemer, WJ. Effects of resistance training fatigue on joint biomechanics. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 146-153, 2013-Resistance training has been found to have a multitude of benefits. However, ...
Brosseau Lucie - - 2013
Therapeutic exercise is used as one modality to treat people with osteoarthritis (OA). To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise of differing intensities on objective and subjective measures of disease activity in people with OA. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pedro, Current Contents, Sports Discus and CINAHL up to and including ...
Matassi Fabrizio - - 2012
PURPOSE: Preoperative range of motion (ROM) is the most important variable to determine final flexion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative home exercise program could improve ROM in the arthritic knee and whether this influenced ROM and functional recovery following ...
Avallone Kimberly M - - 2012
Objective: The purpose of the present paper was to provide a comprehensive review of the empirical literature on the association between asthma and aerobic exercise among adults. Methods: A literature search was conducted utilizing electronic search engines (i.e., PsycINFO and PubMed) using the following keyword algorithms: asthma AND (exercise OR ...
Reed Suzanne R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify exercise-related risk factors for carpal and metacarpo- and metatarso-phalangeal (MCP/MTP) joint injury occurrence in young Thoroughbreds in flat race training. In a 2-year prospective cohort study, daily exercise and joint injury data were collected from horses in 13 training yards in England. ...
Henchoz Y - - 2012
Objectives: To determine the distribution of exercise stages of change in a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cohort, and to examine patients' perceptions of exercise benefits, barriers, and their preferences for exercise. Methods: One hundred and twenty RA patients who attended the Rheumatology Unit of a University Hospital were asked to participate ...
Gonçalves Raquel - - 2012
Abstract The present study investigated the acute effects of static stretching on peak force, peak rate of force development and integrated electromyography (iEMG) in 27 older women (65 ± 4 years; 69 ± 9 kg; 157 ± 1 cm; 28 ± 4 kg · m(-2)). The participants were tested during two exercises (leg press and knee extension) after two conditions: stretching ...
Chiu L Z F - - 2012
Potentiation has been reported in power tasks immediately following a strength stimulus; however, only whole-body performance has been assessed. To determine the acute effects of weightlifting on vertical jump joint kinetics, performance was assessed before, during, and after snatch pull exercise in male athletes. Jumping was assessed using 3D motion ...
Oliveira Aline Mizusaki Imoto de - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Muscle weakness, especially of the quadriceps muscle, is one of the major musculoskeletal effects of knee osteoarthritis. Exercises are considered one of the main interventions in the conservative treatment of those patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of quadriceps strengthening exercises on functional capacity and symptoms related of knee ...
Hallstrand Teal S TS Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Washington, Box 356522, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2012
Alterations in the airway epithelium have been associated with the development of asthma in elite athletes and in subjects that are susceptible to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). The syndrome of EIB refers to acute airflow obstruction that is triggered by a period of physical exertion. Asthmatics who are susceptible to EIB ...
Day Bruce - - 2012
Strength exercises for the knee, shoulder, and the core are essential to help prevent injuries to triathletes. This article will outline the most common exercises to strength the major joints and flexibility exercises to maintain range of motion of the joints.
Skou Søren Thorgaard - - 2012
Clinical practice does not reflect current clinical guidelines recommending an early multimodal non-surgical treatment for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of such an initiative (Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D) in persons with mild to moderate knee and/or hip ...
Hall Michelle - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Meniscectomy is a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis, with increased medial joint loading a likely contributor to the development and progression of knee osteoarthritis in this group. Therefore, post-surgical rehabilitation or interventions that reduce medial knee joint loading have the potential to reduce the risk of developing or ...
Adams Jo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) commonly affects the hands and wrists with inflammation, deformity, pain, weakness and restricted mobility leading to reduced function. The effectiveness of exercise for RA hands is uncertain, although evidence from small scale studies is promising. The Strengthening And Stretching for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand ...
Cotter Kelly A - - 2012
Purpose of the study: Maintaining perceived psychological control in older adulthood is beneficial for health, well-being, and adjustment to chronic illness. Theoretically, control over specific, personally meaningful domains should inform general control beliefs. Thus, the objective of the present study was to examine perceived control over the exercise domain (operationalized ...
Rullman E - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is a member of a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases capable of degrading extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. A single bout of exercise increases levels of activated MMP-9 in skeletal muscle and in the circulation. However, whether the exercise-induced activation of MMP-9 is associated with ECM remodeling and ...
Spyropoulos Giannis - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on the biomechanics of the sit-to-stand transition (STST). Seventeen volunteers participated in an intense, eccentric based, muscle damage protocol of knee flexors and extensors via an isokinetic dynamometer. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected using a ...
Nicholettos Andrew - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that anterior laxity may be affected by knee extensor open kinetic chain (OKC) exercise with responses being load-dependent. The aim of this study is to evaluate the immediate and short-term changes in passive knee anterior laxity following a single session of OKC knee extensor exercise. METHODS: ...
Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou Antonios A Department of Rheumatology, Dudley Group NHS Foundation Trust, Russell's Hall Hospital, Dudley, - - 2013
Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a significant predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and interventions aiming at increasing CRF are known to reduce CVD risk. The effects of such interventions on CVD risk have not been studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 40 age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and ...
Morimoto Atsuko - - 2012
The effects of exercise on chronic pain induced by immobilization are incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether 30min of treadmill running (TR; active exercise) and 10min of static stretching (SS; passive exercise) of the immobilized hindlimb reduce widespread chronic pain, joint limitation, and hindlimb muscle ...
Cleather Daniel J DJ St. Mary's University College, Twickenham, UK. - - 2013
The internal joint contact forces experienced at the lower limb have been frequently studied in activities of daily living and rehabilitation activities. In contrast, the forces experienced during more dynamic activities are not well understood, and those studies that do exist suggest very high degrees of joint loading. In this ...
Wang Shi-Yi - - 2012
Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability. Nonsurgical treatment is a key first step. Systematic literature review of physical therapy (PT) interventions for community-dwelling adults with knee osteoarthritis. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Scirus, Allied and Complementary Medicine, and the Health and Psychosocial Instruments bibliography database. 193 ...
Tarakci Ela E Division of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul University, 34452 İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2012
To investigate the effects of a land-based home exercise programme on pain, functional ability and quality of life in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. A randomized, controlled, single-blind study. Eighty-one patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis participated in this study. Functional ability, pain, and quality of life were assessed with a ...
Law Rebecca-Jane - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This questionnaire study investigated the perceptions of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients across the UK in relation to exercise and joint health. The validity of the measure was also assessed. METHODS: Members of the National Rheumatoid Arthritis Society (NRAS) with self-reported RA completed the questionnaire online. Items related to five ...
Roper Jaimie A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of aquatic and land treadmill exercise on gait kinematics as well as the level of disease-specific and movement related pain for individuals with osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental crossover design. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=14; age, 43-64y) diagnosed with osteoarthritis at the knee (N=12), osteoarthritis ...
Coyle Christian H - - 2012
Anterior cruciate ligament injury increases risk for accelerated development of osteoarthritis. The effect of exercise on articular cartilage following joint injury is not well understood. Biochemical biomarkers of collagen degradation and proteoglycan turnover are potential indicators for early articular cartilage degeneration. This study tests the hypothesis that serum concentrations of ...
Hando Ben R - - 2012
Describe short- and long-term outcomes observed in individuals with hip osteoarthritis (OA) treated with a pre-selected, standardized set of best-evidence manual therapy and therapeutic exercise interventions. Fifteen consecutive subjects (9 males, 6 females; mean age: 52±7.5 years) with unilateral hip OA received an identical protocol of manual therapy and therapeutic ...
Golightly Yvonne M YM Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2012
Exercise is recommended as a first-line conservative intervention approach for osteoarthritis (OA). A wide range of exercise programs are available and scientific evidence is necessary for choosing the optimal strategy of treatment for each patient. The purpose of this review is to discuss the effectiveness of different types of exercise ...
Micheo William - - 2012
Strength, flexibility, and stability are physiologic parameters associated with health-related physical fitness. Each of these domains affects health in general, the risk of injury, how an injury is treated, and performance in activities of daily living and sports. These domains are affected by individual phenotype, age, deconditioning, occupational activity, and ...
Hoglund Lisa T - - 2012
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) are common and may cause temporomandibular joint (TMJ) locking, pain, and disability. Evidence supports use of manual therapy and exercise for treatment of TMDs including disk displacement limiting full mouth opening, TMJ 'closed lock'. Only limited case studies describe management of TMJ 'open lock', a condition ...
Concannon Leah G - - 2012
The diverse exercise goals of the aging population present several challenges to physicians. Whereas some Masters athletes aim to set personal time records, sedentary elderly persons may look to exercise to help maintain independence and combat functional decline. This review article examines the common cardiovascular and neuromuscular physiological changes associated ...
Keskin Ozlem - - 2012
Despite the universality and clinical significance of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB), the mechanisms responsible for it are incompletely understood. To investigate the role of exhaled RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted) and interleukin (IL) 4 in EIB in children with asthma. Fifty-six children with asthma were evaluated with ...
Lindström Irmeli - - 2012
Background. Asthma often begins in childhood or early adulthood and is a common disease among conscripts. The identification of long-term predictive factors for persistent asthma may lead to improved treatment opportunities and better disease control. Objective. Our aim was to study the prognostic factors of the severity of asthma among ...
Armagan Onur - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine if nasal salmon calcitonin has additional beneficial effects on clinical symptoms, serum NO, IL-1β, matrix metalloproteinase 3, urinary C-terminal telopeptide type II collagen (CTX-II) levels and MRI findings in knee osteoarthritis (OA) when used concomitantly with exercise therapy. Fifty female patients with knee OA ...
Tsatalas Themistoklis - - 2012
Abstract This study investigated the effects of knee localised muscle damage on running kinematics at varying speeds. Nineteen young women (23.2 ± 2.8 years; 164 ± 8 cm; 53.6 ± 5.4 kg), performed a maximal eccentric muscle damage protocol (5 × 15) of the knee extensors and flexors of both legs at 60 rad · s(-1). Lower body kinematics was assessed ...
Esfandiarpour Fateme - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studying the kinematics of the ACL deficient (ACLD) knees, during different physiological activities and muscle contraction patterns, can improve our understanding of the joint's altered biomechanics due to ACL deficiency as well as the efficacy and safety of the rehabilitations exercises. METHODS: Twenty-five male volunteers, including 11 normal and ...
Iversen Maura D - - 2012
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are twice as likely as their healthy peers to suffer from cardiovascular disease. RA is also a major cause of disability and reduced quality of life. Clinical trials of exercise and physical activity interventions demonstrate positive effects on muscle strength, function, aerobic capacity, mood and ...
Beckwée David - - 2012
The effectiveness of exercise to reduce pain and improve functioning in osteoarthritis of the knee (OAk) is well substantiated. Underlying mechanisms are still under debate and better understanding of the pathways involved may contribute to more targeted treatment strategies. The present qualitative analysis of the literature aims to provide an ...
Paans Nienke - - 2012
BackgroundOsteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the world and is recognized as a substantial source of disability. For patients with OA of the knee, exercise in combination with weight loss is a proven effective conservative treatment option, yet evidence is lacking for patients with hip OA.ObjectiveTo obtain ...
An Bing-Chen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of pain and functional limitation. Short-term Baduanjin () exercise had been testified to be beneficial to the disease. This study conducted an initial assessment of the one-year Baduanjin exercise on knee OA. METHODS: The recruited patients practiced Baduanjin at the community recreational ...
Cheung Peter P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Synovitis assessment through evaluation of swollen joints is integral in steering treatment decisions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there is high inter-observer variation. The objective was to assess if a short collegiate consensus would improve swollen joint agreement between rheumatologists and whether this was affected by experience. METHODS: Eighteen ...
Levy Susan S - - 2012
Research supports the favorable effects of exercise on physical and psychosocial outcomes in those with arthritis. Few easily disseminated, multi-component, arthritis-specific programs have been evaluated using both physical function and psychosocial measures. Fitness and Exercise for People with Arthritis (FEPA) is a new community-based, 3-month, instructor supervised multi-component exercise program ...
Segal Neil A NA Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1088, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether a platform exercise program with vibration is more effective than platform exercise alone for improving lower limb muscle strength and power in women ages 45 to 60 with risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Randomized, controlled study. Academic center. A total of 48 women ages 45-60 years ...
Roos E M - - 2012
Recent scientific advances in the treatment of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) relating to education, exercise, weight control and passive non-pharmacological and non-surgical treatments such as manual therapy, orthoses/orthotics and other aids are described. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Medline from July 2011 to 10 April 2012 ...
Elboim-Gabyzon M - - 2012
Objective:To determine whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied to the quadriceps femoris muscle will enhance the effectiveness of an exercise programme in patients with knee osteoarthritis.Design:A randomized trial with parallel intervention treatment groups.Setting:Outpatient physical therapy clinic.Subjects:Fifty participants (mean age (SD) 68.9 (7.7) years) with symptomatic idiopathic knee osteoarthritis and radiographic evidence ...
Arshi Saba - - 2012
The Link between allergic rhinitis and asthma is well known. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) may be present in rhinitis. The present study was aimed to compare airway responses in patients with rhinitis symptoms alone following exercise challenge, and to determine relationship of two different respiratory function tests.98 subjects with rhinitis were ...
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