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Results 201 - 250 of 1209
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Mohammadi Farshid F Physiotherapy Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
The high incidence of lower limb injuries associated with physical exercises in military conscripts suggests that fatigue may be a risk factor for injuries. Researchers have hypothesized that lower limb injuries may be related to altered ankle and knee joint position sense (JPS) due to fatigue. To evaluate if military ...
Saleki Mohammad - - 2013
The investigation and comparison of the effects of acupuncture and isometric exercises on pain and quality of life in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis (OA). OA is the most common form of joint disease and one leading cause of disability in the elderly. The symptoms of OA are pain, morning ...
Roemer Karen - - 2013
Although an authoritative panel recommended the use of ergometer rowing as a non-weight-bearing form of exercise for obese adults, the biomechanical characterization of ergometer rowing is strikingly absent. We examined the interaction between body mass index (BMI) relative to the lower extremity biomechanics during rowing in 10 normal weight (NW, ...
Ghasemi Gholam A - - 2013
The purpose of this research was to study the effects of 8 weeks of Hata yoga exercises on women with knee osteoarthritis. Studies about effects of Yoga on different chronic diseases show that these exercises have positive effects on chronic diseases. As knee osteoarthritis is very common among middle age ...
Farkhooy Amir - - 2013
Abstract Background: Exercise intolerance is a hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is the traditional metric used to define the severity of COPD. However, there is dissociation between FEV1 and exercise capacity in a large proportion of subjects with COPD. The ...
Hallstrand Teal S - - 2013
The role of epithelial injury is an unanswered question in those with established asthma and in elite athletes who develop features of asthma and exercise-induced bronchorestriction (EIB) after years of training. The movement of water in response to changes in osmolarity is likely to be an important signal to the ...
Wanrooij Vera Hm - - 2013
Exercise can provoke asthma symptoms, such as dyspnoea, in children with asthma. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is prevalent in 40-90% of children with asthma. Conversely, exercise can improve physical fitness. The purpose of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the literature regarding the effects of exercise training in ...
Abusara Z - - 2013
We developed a novel testing system that allows quantification of joint loading and permits analysis of changes in total protein and PRG4 contents in joint fluid of intact knees in live mice. A sequence of 15 repeat, isometric muscular contractions of "low" intensity (less than 50% of the maximal isometric ...
Batista Cristiano - - 2013
Objective. We have designed the present study to compare prevalent lifetime cases of diagnosed asthma or exercise induced asthma, as well as current related respiratory symptoms, across two different levels of former athletes and non-athletes. Methods. Demographic, behavioral, and asthma history information, as well as current related respiratory symptoms, were ...
Noble Peter B - - 2013
The present study presents preliminary findings on how structural/functional abnormalities of the airway wall relate to excessive airway narrowing and reduced bronchodilatory response to deep inspiration (DI) in subjects with a history of asthma. Bronchial segments were acquired from subjects undergoing surgery, mostly to remove pulmonary neoplasms. Subjects reported prior ...
Maldonado Diogo Correa - - 2013
Studies have determined the effects of joint immobilization on the articular cartilage of sedentary animals, but we are not aware of any studies reporting the effects of joint immobilization in previously trained animals. The objective of the present study was to determine whether exercise could prevent degeneration of the articular ...
Yamaguchi Shoki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the levels of serum biomarkers reflect the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by different levels of exercise. Thirty-five Wistar rats subjected to anterior cruciate ligament transaction (ACLT) were divided into three groups: Control, moderate running, and intense running. Twelve rats (moderate ...
Liebenson Craig - - 2013
In this article a progressive series of exercises to enhance motor control or movement competency of the hip are described. The training begins with control of center of mass during forward leaning by the muscles of the sole of the foot. This progresses to a novel lunge exercise emphasizing eccentric ...
Chambers Hannah - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to summarize the available evidence on lumbar facet joint injections and the physiotherapy treatments, land-based lower back mobility exercise, soft tissue massage and lumbar spinal mobilizations for chronic low back pain (CLBP). The plausibility of physiotherapy and lumbar facet joint injections as a ...
Zheng Jiejiao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Randomized, controlled, blinded trial to evaluate the effectiveness of strategic targeted exercise for preventing falls in elderly people. METHODS: Elderly people were randomly allocated to either a control group that received conventional exercise, or a training group that received conventional exercise plus proprioception and cognitive exercises. Subjects were asked ...
Sidhu Simranjit K - - 2013
There is substantial evidence that fatiguing exercise is accompanied by changes within the central nervous system that reduce the force that can be produced by working muscles. Here we review studies that used non-invasive neurophysiological techniques to show that sustained single-joint contractions have the capacity to increase corticospinal responsiveness and ...
Briem Kristin - - 2013
Regular exercise and weight reduction are not only important for maintaining general health, they are also strongly recommended conservative modalities for managing knee osteoarthritis (OA). The objective of this paper is to discuss the mechanics of knee joint loading and to review the most recent literature with respect to the ...
Gomes Raquel Pinheiro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To standardize an experimental model of chronic monoarthritis induced by complete Freund's adjuvant appropriate for the analysis of the effect of walking on nociception and on joint edema. METHODS: The following factors were evaluated as to monoarthritis induction: route and site of administration, number and interval of inoculations, Mycobacterium ...
Rahman Anisur - - 2013
Lupus Erythematosus: Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Asthma (2nd edn) Oxford Handbook of Sport and Exercise Medicine (2nd edn).
Gentil Paulo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of adding single-joint (SJ) exercises to a multi-joint (MJ) exercise resistance-training program on upper body muscle size and strength. Twenty-nine untrained young men participated in a 10-week training session. They were randomly divided in 2 groups: the MJ group performed ...
Hodges Gregory Neil - - 2013
Despite the common use of elastic resistance in training, only the static loading characteristics have been studied while the dynamic components remain undetermined. The purpose was to determine the effect of two movement strategies on the shoulder resultant joint moment (RJM) during internal/external rotation exercise with elastic load. Ten healthy ...
Peeters Geeske - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patient-group specific preferences can be used to design physical activity programs. This study compared physical activity context preferences between (1) people with musculoskeletal conditions (i.e. arthritis and/or osteoporosis) and people without these conditions, and (2) people with arthritis only and people with osteoporosis only. METHODS: Data were from 1,684 ...
Gaught Amber M - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease that affects more than one-third of older adults (age > 65 years), most often involving the hip and knee. Osteoarthritis causes pain and limits mobility, thereby reducing patient quality of life. Conservative, nonsurgical, nonpharmacologic treatment strategies include weight reduction, orthotics, physical therapy modalities, ...
Sugisaki Norihide - - 2013
Abstract The present study aimed to quantify the intensity of lower extremity plyometric exercises by determining joint mechanical output. Ten men (age, 27.3 ± 4.1 years; height, 173.6 ± 5.4 cm; weight, 69.4 ± 6.0 kg; 1-repetition maximum [1RM] load in back squat 118.5 ± 12.0 kg) performed the following seven plyometric exercises: two-foot ankle hop, repeated squat jump, double-leg hop, ...
Lim Julian J H - - 2013
ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of 3 types of post-activation potentiation (PAP) protocols (single joint isometric, multi-joint isometric and multi-joint dynamic) on subsequent 10-, 20- and 30-meter sprint performance in 12 well-trained male track athletes (mean ± SD age = 22.4 ± 3.2 years). The subjects performed four protocols ...
Abbott J Haxby - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of manual physiotherapy and/or exercise physiotherapy in addition to usual care for patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. DESIGN: In this 2 x 2 factorial randomized controlled trial, 206 adults (mean age 66 years) who met the American College of Rheumatology criteria ...
Piontek Tomasz T Orthopaedic Department, Rehasport Clinic, Poznan, Poland ; Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, - - 2013
THE AIM OF THE STUDY WAS TO: 1) evaluate the differences in pre-post operative knee functioning, mechanical stability, isokinetic knee muscle strength in simultaneous arthroscopic patients after having undergone an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) with hamstring tendons reconstruction, 2) compare the results of ACL/PCL ...
Kim Moon-Hwan MH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Christian Hospital, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, - - 2013
Muscle imbalance between the abductor hallucis (AbdH) and adductor hallucis (AddH) has been demonstrated in hallux valgus (HV). Clinically, the short-foot (SF) is performed for strengthening foot intrinsic muscle. The toes-spread-out (TSO), the newly introduced, was devised to correct HV deformity. However, there was no study to determine which exercise ...
Maeo Sumiaki S National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya , Kagoshima, Japan ; Research Fellow of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science , Tokyo, - - 2013
Abdominal bracing is often adopted in fitness and sports conditioning programs. However, there is little information on how muscular activities during the task differ among the muscle groups located in the trunk and from those during other trunk exercises. The present study aimed to quantify muscular activity levels during abdominal ...
Teoh Jee Chin JC Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Block E3A #07-15, 7 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117574, Singapore. - - 2013
The growing ageing population and high prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in athletes across nations have created a strong demand for improved non-invasive therapeutic alternatives for knee OA. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the variable stiffness shoe (VSS), a new non-invasive therapeutic approach, on ...
Jensen Carsten - - 2013
The age- and gender-specific incidence of total hip replacement surgery has increased over the last two decades in all age groups. Recent studies indicate that non-surgical interventions are effective in reducing pain and disability, even at later stages of the disease when joint replacement is considered. We hypothesize that the ...
Uthman Olalekan A OA Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, - - 2013
To determine whether there is sufficient evidence to conclude that exercise interventions are more effective than no exercise control and to compare the effectiveness of different exercise interventions in relieving pain and improving function in patients with lower limb osteoarthritis. Nine electronic databases searched from inception to March 2012. Randomised ...
Mizusaki Imoto Aline - - 2013
Objectives. To investigate the effect of 8 weeks of NMES + Ex (neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with exercises) on pain and functional improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared to exercise (Ex) alone. Design. Randomized controlled trial. Setting. A specialty outpatient clinic. Participants. Patients (N = 100; women = ...
Pacey Verity - - 2013
Knee pain in children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) is traditionally managed with exercise, however the supporting evidence for this is scarce. No trial has previously examined whether exercising to neutral or into the hypermobile range affects outcomes. This study aimed to (i) determine if a physiotherapist-prescribed exercise programme focused ...
Wuestenfeld Jan C JC Department of Preventive and Rehabilitative Sports Medicine, Technical University Munich (TUM), Munich, Germany ; Institute for Applied Training Science (IAT), Leipzig, - - 2013
Asthma is defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways with bronchial hyperresponsiveness and variable bronchoconstriction, and is one of the most common diseases in childhood and adolescence. Exercise-induced asthma-like symptoms and asthma are also frequently seen in highly trained athletes. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) are ...
Mielenz Thelma J TJ Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, Room 512, New York, NY 10032, USA ; Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3030 Bondurant Hall, CB No. 7135, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7135, - - 2013
Background and Purpose. The purpose of this study is to determine whether higher baseline levels of (a) self-efficacy for physical activity, (b) self-efficacy for arthritis self-management, and (c) outcome expectations for exercise are associated with higher physical activity levels following an exercise intervention for adults with arthritis. Methods. A secondary ...
Li Linda C - - 2013
Practice guidelines emphasize the use of exercise and weight reduction as the first line of management for knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, less than half of the people with mild OA participate in moderate intensity physical activity. Given that physical activities have been shown to reduce pain, improve quality of life, ...
- - 2013
Ankle sprains often occur when running, walking on uneven ground, or jumping. Usually, people are told to rest, elevate the foot, apply ice, and use an elastic wrap to reduce swelling. This treatment is typically followed by exercises that can be performed at home. Although the pain and swelling usually ...
Romeo A - - 2013
This systematic review aimed at investigating the role of therapeutic exercise and/or manual therapy in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis (OA). Two independent reviewers (AR, CV) searched PubMed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library, PEDro and Scopus databases and a third one (SP) was consulted in case of disagreement. The research criteria were ...
Bacon Simon L SL Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal-a University of Montreal Affiliated Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2013
Aerobic exercise can improve cardiovascular fitness and does not seem to be detrimental to patients with asthma, though its role in changing asthma control and inflammatory profiles is unclear. The main hypothesis of the current randomised controlled trial is that aerobic exercise will be superior to usual care in improving ...
Van Oort Cameron - - 2013
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), among the most common chronic diseases of childhood, can be associated with attenuated physical activity levels, reduced fitness, decreased functionality and pain. This pilot study aimed to determine the safety, feasibility and effect of a six week resistance training program in children with JIA. Youth (8-18 years) ...
Rätsepsoo Monika M Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, Jakobi 5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia. - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to compare the leg extensor muscle strength, the postural stability, and the fear of falling in the women with severe knee joint osteoarthritis (OA) before and after a 2-month home exercise program (HEP). MATERIAL AND METHODS. In total, 17 women aged ...
Czaprowski Dariusz D Department of Physiotherapy, Józef Rusiecki University College, Bydgoska 33, 10-243 Olsztyn, Poland. - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. The limitations of muscle flexibility are a common dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, various therapeutic techniques are used in rehabilitation programs to increase their flexibility. The aim of this prospective, randomized, single-blind study was to evaluate the changes in the flexibility of hip flexors in children ...
Esco Michael R MR Human Performance Laboratory, Auburn University at Montgomery, P.O. Box 244023, Montgomery, AL 36124-4023 - - 2013
This investigation aimed to determine if groupings based upon sum of skinfold thickness (SF) would reflect the differences in heart rate variability (HRV) measured for up to 30-minutes following maximal exercise, and to determine the extent in variation in post-exercise HRV that could be accounted for between the following independent ...
Norouzi Sadegh - - 2013
A safe rehabilitation exercise for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries needs to be compatible with the normal knee arthrokinematics to avoid abnormal loading on the joint structures. The objective of this study was to measure the amount of the anterior tibial translation (ATT) of the ACL-deficient knees during selective open ...
Kargarfard Mehdi - - 2013
This study was to evaluate the effect of a period of aquatic exercise therapy on muscle strength and joints range of motion in hemophilia patients. This was a semiexperimental, pretest, post-test study with a control group. This semi-experimental study comprised twenty men suffering moderate hemophilia were selected by convenience sampling ...
Srikesavan Cynthia Swarnalatha - - 2013
Significant restriction in the ability to participate in home, work and community life results from pain, fatigue, joint damage, stiffness and reduced joint range of motion and muscle strength in people with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis of the hand. With modest evidence on the therapeutic effectiveness of conventional hand exercises, ...
Porcheret Mark - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition managed in general practice, but often not in line with published guidance. The ideal consultation for a patient presenting with possible OA is not known. The aim of the study was to develop the content of a model OA consultation for the assessment and ...
Pelletier Denis D Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Kinesiology ; Research Centre on Aging, Health and Social Services Centre - University Institute of Geriatrics of Sherbrooke (CSSS-IUGS), Sherbrooke - - 2013
To explore the feasibility and efficacy of using a power training exercise programme for the quadriceps femoris (QF) in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). A one-group quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-intervention measurements was conducted on 17 older adult women with knee OA pain. A bilateral QF exercise programme ...
Schwachmeyer Verena - - 2013
After hip surgery, it is the orthopedist's decision to allow full weight bearing to prevent complications or to prescribe partial weight bearing for bone ingrowth or fracture consolidation. While most loading conditions in the hip joint during activities of daily living are known, it remains unclear how demanding physiotherapeutic exercises ...
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