Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1197
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Maldonado Diogo Correa - - 2013
Studies have determined the effects of joint immobilization on the articular cartilage of sedentary animals, but we are not aware of any studies reporting the effects of joint immobilization in previously trained animals. The objective of the present study was to determine whether exercise could prevent degeneration of the articular ...
Yamaguchi Shoki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the levels of serum biomarkers reflect the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by different levels of exercise. Thirty-five Wistar rats subjected to anterior cruciate ligament transaction (ACLT) were divided into three groups: Control, moderate running, and intense running. Twelve rats (moderate ...
Liebenson Craig - - 2013
In this article a progressive series of exercises to enhance motor control or movement competency of the hip are described. The training begins with control of center of mass during forward leaning by the muscles of the sole of the foot. This progresses to a novel lunge exercise emphasizing eccentric ...
Chambers Hannah - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to summarize the available evidence on lumbar facet joint injections and the physiotherapy treatments, land-based lower back mobility exercise, soft tissue massage and lumbar spinal mobilizations for chronic low back pain (CLBP). The plausibility of physiotherapy and lumbar facet joint injections as a ...
Zheng Jiejiao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Randomized, controlled, blinded trial to evaluate the effectiveness of strategic targeted exercise for preventing falls in elderly people. METHODS: Elderly people were randomly allocated to either a control group that received conventional exercise, or a training group that received conventional exercise plus proprioception and cognitive exercises. Subjects were asked ...
Sidhu Simranjit K - - 2013
There is substantial evidence that fatiguing exercise is accompanied by changes within the central nervous system that reduce the force that can be produced by working muscles. Here we review studies that used non-invasive neurophysiological techniques to show that sustained single-joint contractions have the capacity to increase corticospinal responsiveness and ...
Gomes Raquel Pinheiro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To standardize an experimental model of chronic monoarthritis induced by complete Freund's adjuvant appropriate for the analysis of the effect of walking on nociception and on joint edema. METHODS: The following factors were evaluated as to monoarthritis induction: route and site of administration, number and interval of inoculations, Mycobacterium ...
Gentil Paulo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of adding single-joint (SJ) exercises to a multi-joint (MJ) exercise resistance-training program on upper body muscle size and strength. Twenty-nine untrained young men participated in a 10-week training session. They were randomly divided in 2 groups: the MJ group performed ...
Briem Kristin - - 2013
Regular exercise and weight reduction are not only important for maintaining general health, they are also strongly recommended conservative modalities for managing knee osteoarthritis (OA). The objective of this paper is to discuss the mechanics of knee joint loading and to review the most recent literature with respect to the ...
Hodges Gregory Neil - - 2013
Despite the common use of elastic resistance in training, only the static loading characteristics have been studied while the dynamic components remain undetermined. The purpose was to determine the effect of two movement strategies on the shoulder resultant joint moment (RJM) during internal/external rotation exercise with elastic load. Ten healthy ...
Peeters Geeske - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patient-group specific preferences can be used to design physical activity programs. This study compared physical activity context preferences between (1) people with musculoskeletal conditions (i.e. arthritis and/or osteoporosis) and people without these conditions, and (2) people with arthritis only and people with osteoporosis only. METHODS: Data were from 1,684 ...
Gaught Amber M - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disease that affects more than one-third of older adults (age > 65 years), most often involving the hip and knee. Osteoarthritis causes pain and limits mobility, thereby reducing patient quality of life. Conservative, nonsurgical, nonpharmacologic treatment strategies include weight reduction, orthotics, physical therapy modalities, ...
Sugisaki Norihide - - 2013
Abstract The present study aimed to quantify the intensity of lower extremity plyometric exercises by determining joint mechanical output. Ten men (age, 27.3 ± 4.1 years; height, 173.6 ± 5.4 cm; weight, 69.4 ± 6.0 kg; 1-repetition maximum [1RM] load in back squat 118.5 ± 12.0 kg) performed the following seven plyometric exercises: two-foot ankle hop, repeated squat jump, double-leg hop, ...
Abbott J Haxby - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of manual physiotherapy and/or exercise physiotherapy in addition to usual care for patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. DESIGN: In this 2 x 2 factorial randomized controlled trial, 206 adults (mean age 66 years) who met the American College of Rheumatology criteria ...
Lim Julian J H - - 2013
ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects of 3 types of post-activation potentiation (PAP) protocols (single joint isometric, multi-joint isometric and multi-joint dynamic) on subsequent 10-, 20- and 30-meter sprint performance in 12 well-trained male track athletes (mean ± SD age = 22.4 ± 3.2 years). The subjects performed four protocols ...
Hooper David R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hooper, DR, Szivak, TK, DiStefano, LJ, Comstock, BA, Dunn-Lewis, C, Apicella, JM, Kelly, NA, Creighton, BC, Volek, JS, Maresh, CM, and Kraemer, WJ. Effects of resistance training fatigue on joint biomechanics. J Strength Cond Res 27(1): 146-153, 2013-Resistance training has been found to have a multitude of benefits. However, ...
Srikesavan Cynthia Swarnalatha - - 2013
Significant restriction in the ability to participate in home, work and community life results from pain, fatigue, joint damage, stiffness and reduced joint range of motion and muscle strength in people with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis of the hand. With modest evidence on the therapeutic effectiveness of conventional hand exercises, ...
Barbosa Alexandre Carvalho - - 2013
To study the effect of a protocol involving joint manipulation and specific exercises for pelvic stability to influence proprioceptive input to the spinal tissues and to observe the effects on sensorimotor function. Seven patients with pelvic anteversion and low back pain participated in an eight-week protocol (three sessions per week/nonconsecutive ...
Kargarfard Mehdi - - 2013
This study was to evaluate the effect of a period of aquatic exercise therapy on muscle strength and joints range of motion in hemophilia patients. This was a semiexperimental, pretest, post-test study with a control group. This semi-experimental study comprised twenty men suffering moderate hemophilia were selected by convenience sampling ...
StryƂa Wanda - - 2013
Authors present a set of exercises for patients after total hip replacement (THR) treated due to idiopathic hip joint osteoarthritis. Outcome of surgical treatment depends largely on physical therapy conducted after the procedure. Physical therapy following total hip arthroplasty involves restoration of proper physical function. Exercises increase the strength of ...
Li Linda C - - 2013
Practice guidelines emphasize the use of exercise and weight reduction as the first line of management for knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, less than half of the people with mild OA participate in moderate intensity physical activity. Given that physical activities have been shown to reduce pain, improve quality of life, ...
Minov Jordan B - - 2013
ABSTRACT In order to assess prevalence and characteristics of exercise-related respiratory symptoms (ERRS) and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in industrial bakery, the authors performed a cross-sectional study including 57 bakers and an equal number of office workers studied as a control. Evaluation of examined subjects included completion of a questionnaire, skin ...
Brosseau Lucie - - 2013
Therapeutic exercise is used as one modality to treat people with osteoarthritis (OA). To evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise of differing intensities on objective and subjective measures of disease activity in people with OA. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pedro, Current Contents, Sports Discus and CINAHL up to and including ...
- - 2013
Ankle sprains often occur when running, walking on uneven ground, or jumping. Usually, people are told to rest, elevate the foot, apply ice, and use an elastic wrap to reduce swelling. This treatment is typically followed by exercises that can be performed at home. Although the pain and swelling usually ...
Jensen Carsten - - 2013
The age- and gender-specific incidence of total hip replacement surgery has increased over the last two decades in all age groups. Recent studies indicate that non-surgical interventions are effective in reducing pain and disability, even at later stages of the disease when joint replacement is considered. We hypothesize that the ...
Porcheret Mark - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition managed in general practice, but often not in line with published guidance. The ideal consultation for a patient presenting with possible OA is not known. The aim of the study was to develop the content of a model OA consultation for the assessment and ...
Romeo A - - 2013
This systematic review aimed at investigating the role of therapeutic exercise and/or manual therapy in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis (OA). Two independent reviewers (AR, CV) searched PubMed, Cinahl, Cochrane Library, PEDro and Scopus databases and a third one (SP) was consulted in case of disagreement. The research criteria were ...
Pacey Verity - - 2013
Knee pain in children with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) is traditionally managed with exercise, however the supporting evidence for this is scarce. No trial has previously examined whether exercising to neutral or into the hypermobile range affects outcomes. This study aimed to (i) determine if a physiotherapist-prescribed exercise programme focused ...
Norouzi Sadegh - - 2013
A safe rehabilitation exercise for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries needs to be compatible with the normal knee arthrokinematics to avoid abnormal loading on the joint structures. The objective of this study was to measure the amount of the anterior tibial translation (ATT) of the ACL-deficient knees during selective open ...
Mizusaki Imoto Aline - - 2013
Objectives. To investigate the effect of 8 weeks of NMES + Ex (neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with exercises) on pain and functional improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared to exercise (Ex) alone. Design. Randomized controlled trial. Setting. A specialty outpatient clinic. Participants. Patients (N = 100; women = ...
Schwachmeyer Verena - - 2013
After hip surgery, it is the orthopedist's decision to allow full weight bearing to prevent complications or to prescribe partial weight bearing for bone ingrowth or fracture consolidation. While most loading conditions in the hip joint during activities of daily living are known, it remains unclear how demanding physiotherapeutic exercises ...
Bacon Simon L SL Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal-a University of Montreal Affiliated Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2013
Aerobic exercise can improve cardiovascular fitness and does not seem to be detrimental to patients with asthma, though its role in changing asthma control and inflammatory profiles is unclear. The main hypothesis of the current randomised controlled trial is that aerobic exercise will be superior to usual care in improving ...
Teoh Jee Chin JC Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, National University of Singapore, Block E3A #07-15, 7 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117574, Singapore. - - 2013
The growing ageing population and high prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in athletes across nations have created a strong demand for improved non-invasive therapeutic alternatives for knee OA. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the variable stiffness shoe (VSS), a new non-invasive therapeutic approach, on ...
Mielenz Thelma J TJ Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, Room 512, New York, NY 10032, USA ; Division of Physical Therapy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 3030 Bondurant Hall, CB No. 7135, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7135, - - 2013
Background and Purpose. The purpose of this study is to determine whether higher baseline levels of (a) self-efficacy for physical activity, (b) self-efficacy for arthritis self-management, and (c) outcome expectations for exercise are associated with higher physical activity levels following an exercise intervention for adults with arthritis. Methods. A secondary ...
Piontek Tomasz T Orthopaedic Department, Rehasport Clinic, Poznan, Poland ; Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, - - 2013
THE AIM OF THE STUDY WAS TO: 1) evaluate the differences in pre-post operative knee functioning, mechanical stability, isokinetic knee muscle strength in simultaneous arthroscopic patients after having undergone an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) with hamstring tendons reconstruction, 2) compare the results of ACL/PCL ...
Van Oort Cameron - - 2013
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), among the most common chronic diseases of childhood, can be associated with attenuated physical activity levels, reduced fitness, decreased functionality and pain. This pilot study aimed to determine the safety, feasibility and effect of a six week resistance training program in children with JIA. Youth (8-18 years) ...
Schellenberg Florian - - 2013
In order to improve training performance, as well as avoid overloading during prevention and rehabilitation exercises in patients, the aim of this study was to understand the biomechanical differences in the knee, hip and the back between the exercises "Goodmornings" (GMs) and "Deadlifts" (DLs). The kinetics and kinematics of 13 ...
Esco Michael R MR Human Performance Laboratory, Auburn University at Montgomery, P.O. Box 244023, Montgomery, AL 36124-4023 - - 2013
This investigation aimed to determine if groupings based upon sum of skinfold thickness (SF) would reflect the differences in heart rate variability (HRV) measured for up to 30-minutes following maximal exercise, and to determine the extent in variation in post-exercise HRV that could be accounted for between the following independent ...
Maeo Sumiaki S National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya , Kagoshima, Japan ; Research Fellow of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science , Tokyo, - - 2013
Abdominal bracing is often adopted in fitness and sports conditioning programs. However, there is little information on how muscular activities during the task differ among the muscle groups located in the trunk and from those during other trunk exercises. The present study aimed to quantify muscular activity levels during abdominal ...
Rätsepsoo Monika M Institute of Exercise Biology and Physiotherapy, University of Tartu, Jakobi 5, 51014 Tartu, Estonia. - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to compare the leg extensor muscle strength, the postural stability, and the fear of falling in the women with severe knee joint osteoarthritis (OA) before and after a 2-month home exercise program (HEP). MATERIAL AND METHODS. In total, 17 women aged ...
Uthman Olalekan A OA Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, - - 2013
To determine whether there is sufficient evidence to conclude that exercise interventions are more effective than no exercise control and to compare the effectiveness of different exercise interventions in relieving pain and improving function in patients with lower limb osteoarthritis. Nine electronic databases searched from inception to March 2012. Randomised ...
Czaprowski Dariusz D Department of Physiotherapy, Józef Rusiecki University College, Bydgoska 33, 10-243 Olsztyn, Poland. - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. The limitations of muscle flexibility are a common dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system. Therefore, various therapeutic techniques are used in rehabilitation programs to increase their flexibility. The aim of this prospective, randomized, single-blind study was to evaluate the changes in the flexibility of hip flexors in children ...
Wuestenfeld Jan C JC Department of Preventive and Rehabilitative Sports Medicine, Technical University Munich (TUM), Munich, Germany ; Institute for Applied Training Science (IAT), Leipzig, - - 2013
Asthma is defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways with bronchial hyperresponsiveness and variable bronchoconstriction, and is one of the most common diseases in childhood and adolescence. Exercise-induced asthma-like symptoms and asthma are also frequently seen in highly trained athletes. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) are ...
Kim Moon-Hwan MH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Christian Hospital, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, - - 2013
Muscle imbalance between the abductor hallucis (AbdH) and adductor hallucis (AddH) has been demonstrated in hallux valgus (HV). Clinically, the short-foot (SF) is performed for strengthening foot intrinsic muscle. The toes-spread-out (TSO), the newly introduced, was devised to correct HV deformity. However, there was no study to determine which exercise ...
Pelletier Denis D Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Kinesiology ; Research Centre on Aging, Health and Social Services Centre - University Institute of Geriatrics of Sherbrooke (CSSS-IUGS), Sherbrooke - - 2013
To explore the feasibility and efficacy of using a power training exercise programme for the quadriceps femoris (QF) in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). A one-group quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-intervention measurements was conducted on 17 older adult women with knee OA pain. A bilateral QF exercise programme ...
Matassi Fabrizio - - 2012
PURPOSE: Preoperative range of motion (ROM) is the most important variable to determine final flexion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative home exercise program could improve ROM in the arthritic knee and whether this influenced ROM and functional recovery following ...
Avallone Kimberly M - - 2012
Objective: The purpose of the present paper was to provide a comprehensive review of the empirical literature on the association between asthma and aerobic exercise among adults. Methods: A literature search was conducted utilizing electronic search engines (i.e., PsycINFO and PubMed) using the following keyword algorithms: asthma AND (exercise OR ...
Reed Suzanne R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify exercise-related risk factors for carpal and metacarpo- and metatarso-phalangeal (MCP/MTP) joint injury occurrence in young Thoroughbreds in flat race training. In a 2-year prospective cohort study, daily exercise and joint injury data were collected from horses in 13 training yards in England. ...
Henchoz Y - - 2012
Objectives: To determine the distribution of exercise stages of change in a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cohort, and to examine patients' perceptions of exercise benefits, barriers, and their preferences for exercise. Methods: One hundred and twenty RA patients who attended the Rheumatology Unit of a University Hospital were asked to participate ...
Gonçalves Raquel - - 2012
Abstract The present study investigated the acute effects of static stretching on peak force, peak rate of force development and integrated electromyography (iEMG) in 27 older women (65 ± 4 years; 69 ± 9 kg; 157 ± 1 cm; 28 ± 4 kg · m(-2)). The participants were tested during two exercises (leg press and knee extension) after two conditions: stretching ...
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