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Results 151 - 200 of 1209
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Kisiel-Sajewicz Katarzyna - - 2013
Our study aimed to determine whether electrical and mechanical factors contributing to acute or long-term maximal torque reduction and muscle soreness due to submaximal eccentric exercise (ECC) are elbow-joint-angle specific and to what extent the joint angle affects the contribution of antagonist co-activation to this torque reduction. Maximal isometric torque ...
Knoop J - - 2013
Objective. Exploratory study to evaluate associations between severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) on MRI and treatment outcome in knee OA patients treated with exercise therapy. Method. Ninety-five participants with knee OA in a 12-week exercise program had obtained 3.0 Tesla MRI scans of the knee joint, prior to treatment. MRI ...
Byrd J W Thomas - - 2013
Hip disorders are increasingly recognized as a cause of dysfunction and disability among athletes. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a common source of hip problems. While FAI may sometimes be present as an incidental asymptomatic finding, substantial secondary joint damage may occur. This problem is often observed in young adult, and ...
Palmer Shea - - 2013
Objective. To determine the additional effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for knee osteoarthritis (OA) when combined with a group education and exercise programme ('knee group'). Methods. The study was a randomised sham-controlled clinical trial. Patients referred for physiotherapy with suspected knee OA (confirmed using the American College of ...
Chang Sam Yeol - - 2013
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is rare in nonambulatory patients, as mechanical factors play important roles in the development of the disease. We report a case of SCFE, which occurred in a 12-year-old girl with a nonambulatory status after cerebral infarction. SCFE occurred after she received passive range of motion ...
Kim Si-Hyun - - 2013
To compare electromyographic (EMG) activity of the serratus anterior (SA) during knee push-up plus exercises according to various surfaces (static stable, static unstable, and oscillating unstable surfaces). Comparative study by repeated measures. Yonsei University laboratory. In total, 15 healthy male subjects participated. The subjects performed knee push-up plus exercises on ...
Kwon Oh-Sung - - 2013
To determine the repeated passive movement (RPM) and repeated active movement (RAM) exercise on position sense of the knee joint in patients with hemiplegia. 45 hemiplegia patients were randomly allocated to either the control group(no exercise), RPM group, or RAM group, with 15 subjects in each group. The exercise was ...
Manning Victoria L - - 2013
To evaluate the effectiveness of a brief supervised education, self-management and global upper limb exercise training programme, supplementing a home exercise regimen, for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (Education, self-management and eXercise Training in Rheumatoid Arthritis (EXTRA) programme) METHODS: Adults with RA of ≤5 years duration were randomized to receive ...
Park Young Geun - - 2013
To investigate the effect on pain reduction and strengthening of the whole body vibration (WBV) in chronic knee osteoarthritis (OA). PATIENTS WERE RANDOMLY DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: the study group (WBV with home based exercise) and control group (home based exercise only). They performed exercise and training for 8 weeks. ...
Lee Hong-Jae - - 2013
To compare the effect of foot orthotics and rehabilitation exercises by assessing balancing ability and joint proprioception in athletes who have chronic ankle instability. Forty-one athletes who visited hospitals due to chronic ankle instability were randomly assigned to two groups. One group had ankle rehabilitation exercises while the other group ...
Metsios George S - - 2013
We investigated the effects of individualised combined resistance and aerobic exercise on microvascular and macrovascular function in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Forty age-matched, gender-matched and body mass index (BMI)-matched patients were allocated to either an exercise group, receiving a 6 months tailored aerobic and resistance exercise intervention, or controls receiving ...
Steib Simon - - 2013
Sensorimotor control is permanently impaired following functional ankle instability and temporarily decreased following fatigue. Little is known on potential interactions between both conditions. The purpose was to investigate the effect of fatiguing exercise on sensorimotor control in athletes with and without (coper, controls) functional ankle instability. 19 individuals with functional ...
Rodríguez-Lozano Carlos - - 2013
This study aims to assess the impact of a structured education and home exercise programme in daily practice patients with ankylosing spondylitis. A total of 756 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (72% males, mean age 45 years) participated in a 6-month prospective multicentre controlled study, 381 of whom were randomised to ...
de Rosario Helios - - 2013
The new generation of videogame interfaces such as Microsoft's Kinect opens the possibility of implementing exercise programs for physical training, and of evaluating and reducing the risks of elderly people falling. However, applications such as these might require measurements of joint kinematics that are more robust and accurate than the ...
Nyrop Kirsten A - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . This study presents group (instructor-led) and self-directed (nongroup) participant achievement of exercise objectives and satisfaction with the Arthritis Foundation's Walk With Ease (WWE) program at 6 weeks postintervention and 1-year follow-up. Design . Secondary data analysis. Setting . Rural and urban counties in North Carolina. Subjects . ...
O'Donnell Siobhan - - 2013
Objectives: To describe the exercise/physical activity and weight management efforts of Canadians with self-reported arthritis; to examine factors associated with their engagement in these strategies to help manage their arthritis; and to explore reasons for lack of engagement. Methods: Data were from the arthritis component of the 2009 Survey on ...
Pacheco Yves - - 2013
Abstract Rhinitis and other specific triggers or co-morbidities (tobacco exposure, excess weight, aspirin sensitivity or heredity factors) are frequently associated with uncontrolled asthma. Asthma associated with these exacerbating factors appears to be related to an increase in leukotriene-mediated inflammation. We reviewed the role of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, in ...
Tanaka Ryo - - 2013
Objective:We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to investigate the differences in the efficacies between strengthening and aerobic exercises for pain relief in people with knee osteoarthritis.Data sources:This search was applied to Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and the Cumulative ...
Ismail M M - - 2013
Background: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common musculoskeletal pain condition, especially in females. Decreased hip muscle strength has been implicated as a contributing factor. Isolated open kinetic chain hip abductors and lateral rotators exercises were added by many authors to the rehabilitation program. However, Closed Kinetic Chain (CKC) exercises ...
Lee Su-Kyoung SK Department of Physical Therapy, Gimhae - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the flexion angle of the knee joint and the abduction angle of the hip joint on the activation of the cervical region and abdominal muscles. [Subjects] A total of 42 subjects were enrolled 9 males and 33 females. ...
Miyamoto Naokazu - - 2013
One bout of 5-6 s of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) is known to enhance subsequent dynamic joint performance such as dynamic joint torque and power with maximal voluntary effort. On the other hand, such a muscle contraction can also induce muscle fatigue. It is then possible that individual differences ...
Birt Linda - - 2013
Joint hypermobility can lead to pain and motor developmental problems in children and young people (CYP). Exercise programmes may help CYP with joint hypermobility strengthen core muscle groups. Non- adherence to home physiotherapy is common. The present study aimed to understand how families experienced an intensive multidisciplinary intervention. This was ...
Williams Paul T PT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. - - 2013
Running and other strenuous sports activities are purported to increase osteoarthritis (OA) risk, more so than walking and less-strenuous activities. Analyses were therefore performed to test whether running, walking, and other exercise affect OA and hip replacement risk and to assess the role of body mass index (BMI) in mediating ...
Anwer S - - 2013
The objective of this trial was to evaluate the effect of gender on strength gains after five week training programme that consisted of isometric exercise coupled with electromyographic biofeedback to the quadriceps muscle. Forty-three (20 men and 23 women) patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), were placed into two groups based ...
Mendonça Tânia M S - - 2013
To determine the effects of Pilates exercises on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). A randomized, prospective, single-blind trial. Outpatient clinic of pediatric rheumatology and the rehabilitation department. Children (N=50) with JIA according to the International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) criteria. The ...
Pinto S S - - 2013
The aim was to investigate the effects of the intra-session exercise order during water-based concurrent training on the neuromuscular adaptations in young women. 26 women (25.1±2.9 years) were placed into 2 groups: resistance prior to (RA) or after (AR) aerobic training. Subjects performed resistance (sets at maximal effort) and aerobic ...
Rasmussen Lynnette - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of home exercise performance by Caregivers of children with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) who use DVD guidance. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Brachial Plexus Clinic at the University of Michigan. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-six adult caregivers of a consecutive cohort of pediatric NBPP patients. METHODS: Caregivers ...
Dogu Beril - - 2013
The primary objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of 6-week-long isotonic and isometric hand exercises on pain, hand functions, dexterity and quality of life in women diagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our secondary objective was to assess the changes in handgrip strength and disease activity. This randomized, ...
Gomes Wellington F - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis is a common disease in the elderly population worldwide. The alleviation of the symptoms associated with this disease can be achieved with physical exercise that induces a cascade of molecular and cellular processes. Of the neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to be the most affected by physical ...
Carregaro Rodrigo - - 2013
PURPOSE: Preload of antagonist muscles can be achieved by reciprocal actions (RAs) or by opposing muscle actions. However, evidence concerning neuromuscular and fatigue responses are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of different knee flexor (KF) preload methods on knee extension (KE) vastus medialis muscle fatigue, based on EMG-spectral index ...
Melo Mónica de Oliveira Mde - - 2013
Attaching elastic tubes (ETs) to resistance training machines can affect the exercise load profile. The purpose of this study was to assess the training effects of added ETs, which were strategically attached to provide additional loads only during the deceleration phase of the knee extension exercise. Twenty-two healthy participants, assigned ...
Hwang Beomsoo - - 2013
The people with spinal cord injuries (SCI) or post stroke hemiplegia are easily exposed to secondary problems due to limited mobility. A new wheelchair integrated lower limb exercise/rehabilitation system is proposed to help their daily living and rehabilitation. The system consists of three main modules: 1) an electric wheelchair, 2) ...
Bell David R DR Department of Kinesiology, Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2031 Gymnasium-Natatorium, 2000 Observatory Dr, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2013
Two-dimensional (or medial knee displacement [MKD]) and 3-dimensional (3D) knee valgus are theorized to contribute to anterior cruciate ligament injuries. However, whether these displacements can be improved in the double-legged squat (DLS) after an exercise intervention is unclear. To determine if MKD and 3D knee valgus are improved in a ...
Knoop J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an exercise program, initially focusing on knee stabilization and subsequently on muscle strength and performance of daily activities is more effective than an exercise program focusing on muscle strength and performance of daily activities only, in reducing activity limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and ...
Sillen Maurice J H MJ Program Development Centre, CIRO+, Centre of Expertise for Chronic Organ Failure, Hornerheide 1, Horn, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex and heterogeneous respiratory disease with important extra-pulmonary features and comorbidities. The aim of this study was to assess clinical heterogeneity in a well-defined subgroup of individuals with COPD GOLD D, including possible gender differences. Pulmonary function, arterial blood gases, exercise performance, quadriceps muscle ...
Goetschius John - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of 36-minutes of continuous exercise on postural control and joint reposition acuity in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) and healthy controls. METHODS: 20 patients (10 females, 10 males, 25.5 ± 5.5 yr, 1.75 ± 0.10 m, 76.7 ± 14.4 kg) with a history ...
Minshull Claire - - 2013
Abstract The effects of flexibility conditioning on neuromuscular and sensorimotor performance were assessed near to full knee extension (25°). Eighteen males who were randomly assigned into two groups underwent eight weeks (three-times per week) of flexibility conditioning (hip region/knee flexor musculature; dominant limb) involving either proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) (n=9) ...
Rossi Denise Martineli DM Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University, Rio Claro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the antagonist coactivation of the local and global trunk muscles during mat-based exercises of Skilled Modern Pilates. Twelve women performed five exercises and concurrently, surface EMG from internal oblique (OI), multifidus (MU), rectus abdominis (RA) and iliocostalis lumborum (IL) muscles was recorded ...
Walsted Nielsen Emil - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Unexplained respiratory symptoms reported by athletes are often incorrectly considered secondary to exercise-induced asthma. We hypothesised that this may be related to exercise induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO). This study evaluates the prevalence of EILO in an unselected cohort of athletes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the prevalence of EILO in ...
- - 2013
Walking contributes to total physical activity and is an appropriate activity to increase overall physical activity levels among adults with arthritis. Walking also is the most preferred exercise among arthritis patients and has been shown to improve arthritis symptoms, physical function, gait speed, and quality of life. To estimate the ...
Fiala Bonnie - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this study was to apply Bandura's (1998) social-cognitive theory to understand preoperative exercise and walking behavior in a sample of individuals waiting for total joint replacement (TJR) surgery. Method: Participants (N = 78) were individuals waiting for TJR who completed measures of the social-cognitive theory, e.g., ...
Rabago David D Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53715, USA. - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis is a common, debilitating chronic disease. Prolotherapy is an injection therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain. We conducted a 3-arm, blinded (injector, assessor, injection group participants), randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of prolotherapy for knee osteoarthritis. Ninety adults with at least 3 months of painful knee osteoarthritis ...
Bae Youngsook Y Department of Physical Therapy, Gacheon - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of relaxation exercises for the masticator muscles on the limited ROM and pain of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD). [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 10 men and 31 women in their 20s and 30s. They were randomly divided into ...
Fallah Mohammadi Mohammad M Department of Sport Pathology and Corrective Exercises, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, - - 2013
Osteoarthritis (OA) or degenerative joint disease is the commonest form of arthritis and can lead to joint pain, decrease in joint's range of motion, loss of function, and ultimately disability. Exercise is considered as one of the non-pharmacological treatments of OA. But the effects of exercise on knee joint cartilage ...
van Weeren P René - - 2013
Juvenile osteochondral conditions (JOCC) have a major impact on the equine industry and include many musculoskeletal disorders of the young horse, of which osteochondrosis (OC) is the most prominent. The Breeding, Osteochondral Status and Athletic Career (BOSAC) project is the first large, comprehensive, longitudinal field study on the subject conducted ...
Franciozi Carlos E S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that strenuous running is a predisposing factor for osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Wistar rats were divided into two groups: a control group (CG) and a trained group (TG). The TG underwent a strenuous treadmill running training regimen of controlled intensity, exhibiting progressively improvement of fitness over 12 ...
Nolen-Walston Rose D - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether there are important differences relating to seasonality of signs or clinical features between subtypes of inflammatory airway disease (IAD) in horses caused by neutrophilic and eosinophilic-mastocytic inflammation having dissimilar etiopathologic pathways. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-98 horses. Procedures-Data were compiled from medical records of horses examined because of ...
Carlucci Flaminia - - 2013
Recent studies have shown the importance of individualizing the vibration intervention in order to produce greater effects on the neuromuscular system in less time. The purpose of this study was to assess theindividualoptimalvibration frequency (O.V.F.)corresponding to the highestmuscle activation (RMSmax) duringvibrationat differentfrequencies, comparing different protocols. Twenty-nine university students underwent 3 ...
Garcia-Elias M - - 2013
When the normal wrist rotates along the 'dart-throwing' plane, the proximal row remains still, with most motion occurring at the midcarpal joint. Whether this behaviour is maintained when the scapholunate ligaments are torn is not known. If this is the case, patients having a scapholunate ligament repair could benefit from ...
Voutilainen Mikko - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: In athletes, exercise-induced respiratory symptoms are common and their assessment is time and resource consuming. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate fractional concentration of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) as a predictor of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and of asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven elite athletes and a control group of ...
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