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Arden-Close Emily - - 2013
Poor symptom control is common in asthma. Breathing training exercises may be an effective adjunct to medication; it is therefore important to understand facilitators and barriers to uptake of breathing training exercises. To gain insight into patients' perceptions of breathing training exercises designed to help control asthma symptoms. Semi-structured think-aloud ...
Yázigi Flávia - - 2013
Aquatic exercise is recommended by the Osteoarthritis Research Society (OARSI), by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and by the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) as a nonpharmacological method of controlling the knee osteoarthritis (KOA) symptoms. Moreover, given that weight loss results in a reduction of the load that is ...
Park Hyun-Ju - - 2013
This study aimed to identify the electromyographic (EMG) effects in selected trunk muscles after incorporating hip movement into bridging exercise. Twenty-six healthy adults (13 men and 13 women) volunteered for this experiment. EMG data (% maximum voluntary isometric contraction) were recorded from the rectus abdominis (RA), obliquus internus (OI), erector ...
Bellafiore Marianna - - 2013
Little is known about the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in cardiac vascular remodelling induced by exercise. Our aim was to evaluate and localize MMP-2 and MMP-9's activities in relation to capillary proliferation in mouse hearts trained for 15, 30 and 45 days. Sixty-three mice were randomly assigned to 7 ...
Ikeda Kei - - 2013
Objectives. This pilot multicenter exercise aimed to evaluate the inter-observer reproducibility of synovial power Doppler (PD) signals in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to determine the factors influencing the measurements. Methods. Two representative RA patients were assessed by four independent experienced sonographers. The influence of machine difference, deterioration of the ...
Thomas Jennifer L - - 2013
Inflammation has been characterized as a double-edged sword, requiring a balance between health as maintained by regular exercise and activities that would exacerbate inflammatory diseases. The influence of exercise on inflammation is complex and has been widely studied in both healthy patient populations as well as populations of patients with ...
Grewal Gurtej S - - 2013
Background: Individuals with diabetic peripheral neuropathy frequently experience concomitant impaired proprioception and postural instability. Conventional exercise training has been demonstrated to be effective in improving balance but does not incorporate visual feedback targeting joint perception, which is an integral mechanism that helps compensate for impaired proprioception in diabetic peripheral neuropathy. ...
Park Sang-In SI Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Korea National University of Transportation, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of scapular stabilization exercises immediately after surgery on pain and function in patients diagnosed with shoulder impingement syndrome. [Subjects] The subjects were assigned by random sampling to an experimental group (n=15) to which stabilization exercise was applied and a control group (n=15) to which ...
Hafez Ashraf Ramadan AR College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Saudi - - 2013
[Purpose] To assess the effect of hamstring and quadriceps strengthening exercises on pain intensity, gait velocity, maximum isometric strength, and activities of daily living of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). [Subjects and Methods] A total of 20 patients with knee OA, 50 to 65 years of age (57.65 ± 4.78 years), received ...
Lee Su-Kyoung SK Department of Physical Therapy, Gimhae College, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The present study compared the muscle activity of the upper trapezius with those of the serratus anterior and the lower trapezius when slings, unstable surfaces, were laterally vibrated, to examine the effects of vibration during sling exercises on shoulder stabilization muscles. [Methods] The subjects performed push-up exercises on a ...
Rhon Daniel D Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Physical Medicine, Tacoma, WA, - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes disability among the elderly and is often associated with impaired balance and proprioception. Perturbation exercises may help improve these impairments. Although manual physical therapy is generally a well-tolerated treatment for knee OA, perturbation exercises have not been evaluated when used with a manual physical therapy approach. ...
Brand Emily - - 2013
Study Design Systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Objective Evaluate studies that used arthritis self-management education alone or with exercise to improve Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES) scores of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Background Increasing self-efficacy may improve patient knee OA symptom management and function. Methods Medline (1946-March 2013), CINAHL (1981-March ...
Nishimura Koichi K Department of Pulmonary Medicine, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2011 consensus report proposed a new classification system, incorporating symptoms with future risk, in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We hypothesized it could be applied to Japanese COPD patients. We previously analyzed clinical factors related to 5-year mortality in ...
McAllister Matt J - - 2013
The dorsal muscles of the lower torso and extremities have often been denoted the 'posterior chain.' These muscles are used to support the thoracic and lumbar spine as well as peripheral joints including the hip, knee, and ankle on the dorsal aspect of the body. This study investigated relative muscle ...
Chang Eunwook - - 2013
Reduced quadriceps activation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACL-R) has been reported. Patients often return to daily exercise or sport following ACL-R however there is little information regarding quadriceps function after exercise in this population. Therefore the purpose of this study was to compare quadriceps strength and central activation following ...
Lew Fui Ling - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of multi-joint muscular fatigue on biomechanics of slips. Both lower-limb fatigue and upper-limb fatigue were examined, and the fatiguing exercises involved multi-joint movements to replicate muscular fatigue in realistic scenarios. Sixty healthy young adults participated in the study, and ...
Tanikawa Hidenori - - 2013
A variety of athletic exercises are performed in sports training or rehabilitation after knee injuries. However, it remains unclear whether males and females exhibit similar joint loading during the various athletic motions. The purpose of this study was to identify gender differences in knee biomechanics during the athletic motions. Three-dimensional ...
Maldonado Dario - - 2013
Abstract Background: At Bogota's altitude (2640 m), the lower barometric pressure (560 mmHg) causes severe hypoxemia in COPD patients, limiting their exercise capacity. The aim was to compare the effects of breathing oxygen on exercise tolerance. Methods: In a blind, crossover clinical study, 29 COPD patients (FEV1 42.9 ± 11.9%) breathed ...
Kim Byoung Ju - - 2013
Many osteoarthritis (OA) models have been developed in mice to understand OA progression and evaluate new OA therapies. However, the individual variation of the joint lesions remains a critical problem in most of the current OA models. We established an OA model in C57BL/6 mice that is more reproducible and ...
Dziedzic Krysia - - 2013
Osteoarthritis is the leading cause of disability in older adults. Evidence of effectiveness for self-management of hand osteoarthritis is lacking. In this randomised, factorial trial, we evaluated the effectiveness of joint protection versus no joint protection, and hand exercise versus no hand exercise in adults, 50 years of age or ...
Nordgren Birgitta - - 2013
Objectives: To compare, in a large well defined sample of individuals with RA at target for a physical activity (PA) trial, those who were finally included with those who were not. Methods: 3152 individuals answered questionnaires on socio-demographic, disease-related, and psycho-social factors and PA levels. Differences between individuals making it ...
Palmer Shea - - 2013
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) is a heritable connective tissue disorder characterised by excessive range of movement at multiple joints accompanied by pain. Exercise is the mainstay of management yet its effectiveness is unclear. To establish the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise for JHS. Systematic literature review. A search of nine online ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2014
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) occurs commonly in patients with asthma but also can affect individuals without asthma. EIB is particularly common in populations of athletes. Common symptoms include cough, dyspnea, chest tightness, and wheezing; however, there can be a variety of more subtle symptoms. In this article, the clinical presentation of ...
Kudo Miki - - 2013
There are numerous reports and evidences to suggest that exercise therapy is effective for knee osteoarthritis (knee OA). However, there is a lack of sufficient research concerning the factors influencing its application and effectiveness. The purposes of this study were to evaluate effects of the mode of treatment delivery on ...
Chambers Lauchlan - - 2013
A complex interplay exists between the static and dynamic stabilizers in the glenohumeral joint, especially in overheard athletes who need a shoulder hypermobile enough to perform overhead activity yet stable enough to prevent joint subluxation. Concomitant shoulder pathologies commonly occur in the setting of microinstability and internal impingement. Before any ...
Silva Carolina Rocha - - 2013
The 2012 Consensus of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology (SBR) for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) recommends that patients should regularly perform physical exercises. There have been no studies in Brazil on physical activity among patients with early RA. To investigate the physical activity practice among patients with early ...
Cho Sung-Hyoun SH Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate school of Physical Therapy, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of closed kinetic chain exercises performed by an unstable exercise group (UEG) and a stable exercise group (SEG) on the knee joint, proprioception, and functional scores of patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. [Subjects] Twenty-eight patients participated ...
Oh Duck-Won DW Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Cheongju University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of stomatognathic alignment exercise on temporomandibular joint function and swallowing function of stroke patients presenting limited mouth opening. [Subjects] Fourteen subjects with post-stroke hemiparesis presenting limited mouth opening were randomly assigned to either the experimental group or the control group, with 7 subjects in ...
Kim Seong Sun SS Division of Bioterrorism Preparedness & Response, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Osong, - - 2013
The Republic of Korea (ROK) and the the United States of America (USA) has held joint exercises to respond to biothreats in the Korean Peninsula since 2011. The exercise was called Able Response (AR) and it aims to coordinate interministerial procedures inside Korea and international procedures in requesting the medical ...
Han Seul Ki SK Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Eulji University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare changes in balance ability of land exercise and underwater exercise on chronic stroke patients. [Subjects] A total of 60 patients received exercise for 40 minutes, three times a week, for 6 weeks. [Methods] Subjects from both groups performed general conventional treatment ...
Choi Youngin Y Department of Physical Therapy, the Graduate School, Hanseo University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study compared the effects of sling exercises with and without vibration on the muscular activity of the internal oblique (IO), rectus abdominis (RA), multifidus (MF), and erector spinae (ES) muscles of healthy adults. [Methods] Eleven healthy university students (11 men) with a mean age of 22.8 years were enrolled ...
Pradeepan Shyamala S Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, John Hunter Hospital Newcastle, Lookout Road, New Lambton, NSW, 2305, Australia, - - 2013
There is mounting evidence that obesity is associated with asthma, both of which are seeing a dramatic increase in prevalence. Not only is obesity a risk factor for the development of asthma but it is also associated with poor asthma control. Asthma phenotypes associated with obesity include early-onset allergic asthma ...
Czaprowski Dariusz - - 2013
To assess abdominal muscles (AM) activity during prone, side, and supine bridge on stable and unstable surfaces (BOSU, Swiss Ball). Prospective comparison study. Research laboratory. Thirty-three healthy volunteers from a university population. Surface electromyography of the rectus abdominis (RA), the external oblique (EO) and the internal oblique with the transversus ...
Zavala Paul - - 2013
A new clinical and home dowel exercise tool to reduce joint stiffness of the fingers is introduced, along with the fabrication and the exercises that are used with it. Patients may utilize it to improve their finger joint range of motion, and facilitate tendon glide by isolating the targeted stiff ...
Lee Dong-Kyu - - 2013
Abdominal strengthening exercises are important for stroke patients; however, there is a lack of research on therapeutic exercises for increasing abdominal muscle activity in stroke patients. We investigated the effects of non-paretic arm exercises using a tubing band on abdominal muscle activity in stroke patients. In total, 18 hemiplegic subjects ...
Oiestad Britt Elin - - 2013
Despite an extensive literature on treatment interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis, studies comparing the efficacy of different exercise interventions and living the life as usual on quality of life, cartilage quality and cost-effectiveness are lacking. The aim of the present study is to compare the efficacy of two different ...
Lau M Ck - - 2013
OBJECTIVES. To examine the effectiveness and feasibility of a community-based aquatic exercise programme for elders with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN. Prospective intervention study, with a before-and-after design. SETTING. Community elders. PARTICIPANTS. Twenty elders aged 65 years or above (mean, 72 years) attending four Elderly Health Centres of the Department ...
Higler M H - - 2013
Multiple in vitro studies assessing articular tissues have indicated that glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate may possess anti-inflammatory effects, but little is known of their clinical effects in vivo. Many old horses have stiff joints, likely attributable to inflammation and therapy with these 'nutraceutical' compounds could improve joint function. To assess ...
Kosek E - - 2013
To assess exercise induced analgesia (EIA) and pain sensitivity in hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to study the effects of neuromuscular exercise and surgery on these parameters. The dataset consisted of knee (n = 66) and hip (n = 47) OA patients assigned for total joint replacement at Lund University Hospital undergoing pre-operative ...
Bloomer Richard J - - 2013
Background: Strenuous, high-volume exercise is often associated with inflammation and joint pain. Cissus quadrangularis (CQ) has been reported to have anti-inflammatory activity. The purpose of our study was to determine the therapeutic effects of CQ supplementation in healthy, exercise-trained men with joint-specific pain. Methods: Twenty-nine men between the ages of ...
Jang Eun-Mi EM Department of Rehabilitation Science, The Graduate School, Inje - - 2013
[Purpose] This study compared the activities of the abdominal and hip extensor muscles between the bridging exercise (BE) and bridging exercise with hip adduction (BEHA) positions in women using electromyography (EMG). [Subjects] We recruited 14 healthy adult females with no history of low back pain. [Methods] The subjects performed bridging ...
Knoop J - - 2013
Objective. Exploratory study to evaluate associations between severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) on MRI and treatment outcome in knee OA patients treated with exercise therapy. Method. Ninety-five participants with knee OA in a 12-week exercise program had obtained 3.0 Tesla MRI scans of the knee joint, prior to treatment. MRI ...
Palmer Shea - - 2013
Objective. To determine the additional effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for knee osteoarthritis (OA) when combined with a group education and exercise programme ('knee group'). Methods. The study was a randomised sham-controlled clinical trial. Patients referred for physiotherapy with suspected knee OA (confirmed using the American College of ...
Byrd J W Thomas - - 2013
Hip disorders are increasingly recognized as a cause of dysfunction and disability among athletes. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a common source of hip problems. While FAI may sometimes be present as an incidental asymptomatic finding, substantial secondary joint damage may occur. This problem is often observed in young adult, and ...
Chang Sam Yeol - - 2013
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is rare in nonambulatory patients, as mechanical factors play important roles in the development of the disease. We report a case of SCFE, which occurred in a 12-year-old girl with a nonambulatory status after cerebral infarction. SCFE occurred after she received passive range of motion ...
Kim Si-Hyun - - 2013
To compare electromyographic (EMG) activity of the serratus anterior (SA) during knee push-up plus exercises according to various surfaces (static stable, static unstable, and oscillating unstable surfaces). Comparative study by repeated measures. Yonsei University laboratory. In total, 15 healthy male subjects participated. The subjects performed knee push-up plus exercises on ...
Manning Victoria L - - 2013
To evaluate the effectiveness of a brief supervised education, self-management and global upper limb exercise training programme, supplementing a home exercise regimen, for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (Education, self-management and eXercise Training in Rheumatoid Arthritis (EXTRA) programme) METHODS: Adults with RA of ≤5 years duration were randomized to receive ...
Kwon Oh-Sung - - 2013
To determine the repeated passive movement (RPM) and repeated active movement (RAM) exercise on position sense of the knee joint in patients with hemiplegia. 45 hemiplegia patients were randomly allocated to either the control group(no exercise), RPM group, or RAM group, with 15 subjects in each group. The exercise was ...
Park Young Geun - - 2013
To investigate the effect on pain reduction and strengthening of the whole body vibration (WBV) in chronic knee osteoarthritis (OA). PATIENTS WERE RANDOMLY DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: the study group (WBV with home based exercise) and control group (home based exercise only). They performed exercise and training for 8 weeks. ...
Lee Hong-Jae - - 2013
To compare the effect of foot orthotics and rehabilitation exercises by assessing balancing ability and joint proprioception in athletes who have chronic ankle instability. Forty-one athletes who visited hospitals due to chronic ankle instability were randomly assigned to two groups. One group had ankle rehabilitation exercises while the other group ...
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