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Saraiva Alam R AR Research Center for Sport, Health, and Human Development (CIDESD), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of twelve weeks of resistance training with different exercise orders (upper limbs and lower limbs vs. lower limbs and upper limbs) on flexibility levels in elite judo athletes. Thirty-nine male athletes were randomly divided into 3 groups as follows: G1 ...
Caillaud Denis D Service de Pneumologie, CHU Gabriel Montpied, Université d'Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2014
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is frequent among asthmatic children. However, opinions differ on the relation between EIB and rhinitis in the absence of asthma. We assessed the relationship between EIB and various phenotypes of rhinitis according to asthmatic status at the general population level in the Six Cities Study. 7,781 schoolchildren ...
Aspe Rodrigo R RR 1School of Social and Health Sciences The University of Abertay Dundee, Graham Building, Bell Street, Dundee , Scotland, DD1 1HG, + 44 (0) 1382 308107, r.aspe@abertay.ac.uk 2School of Social and Health Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Garthdee Road, Aberdeen, Scotland, AB10 7QG, + 44 (0) 1224 263361, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare muscle activity and kinetics during the back squat and overhead squat performed at three relative intensities (60, 75 and 90% 3RM). Fourteen subjects (age: 26 ± 7 yrs, height: 182.5 ± 13.5 cm, body mass: 90.5 ± 17.5 kg) performed each exercise ...
Henriksen Marius M The Parker Institute, Department of Rheumatology, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, DK-2000 Copenhagen F, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare structural knee joint changes in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) that after an intensive weight loss therapy were randomized to continuous dietetic support, a specialized knee exercise program, or 'no attention' for one year. 192 obese individuals with knee OA underwent an intensive 16-week weight loss program ...
Osterås Nina - - 2014
Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal diseases in an adult population and may have a large influence on an individual's functioning, health-related quality of life and participation in society. Several studies have demonstrated that exercises may reduce pain and improve functioning in people with knee OA, ...
Ozawa J J Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Hiroshima International University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect on the knee joint of the interaction between ankle muscle weakness and moderate exercise. Gastrocnemius muscle weakness was induced by intramuscular injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX) in rats. Low-speed treadmill running (12 m/min for 60 min) was applied for 6 ...
Juhl C C University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, and Copenhagen University Hospital, Gentofte, - - 2014
To identify the optimal exercise program, characterized by type and intensity of exercise, length of program, duration of individual supervised sessions, and number of sessions per week, for reducing pain and patient-reported disability in knee osteoarthritis (OA). A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials were performed. Standardized mean ...
Berry Lisa - - 2014
ACCORDING TO updated National Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance, exercise remains the core treatment to manage osteoarthritis irrespective of age, comorbidity, pain severity or disability.
Meeus Mira M Departments of Human Physiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; "Pain in Motion" Research - - 2014
Temporal summation (TS) of pain, conditioned pain modulation (CPM), and exercise-induced analgesia (EIA) are often investigated in chronic pain populations as an indicator for enhanced pain facilitation and impaired endogenous pain inhibition, respectively, but interactions are not yet clear both in healthy controls and in chronic pain patients. Therefore, the ...
Huang Yen-Po YP Department of Engineering Science, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Context : Bench-press exercises are among the most common form of training exercise for the upper extremity because they yield a notable improvement in both muscle strength and muscle endurance. The literature contains various investigations into the effects of different bench-press positions on the degree of muscle activation. However, the ...
Kheshie Abdullah Raddah AR Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi - - 2014
The aim of this randomized controlled study was to compare the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) on pain relief and functional improvement in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). A total of 53 male patients participated in this study, with a mean (SD) age of ...
Bennell Kim L KL Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exercise is recommended for the management of osteoarthritis (OA) in all clinical guidelines irrespective of disease severity, pain levels, and functional status. For knee OA, evidence supports the benefits of various types of exercise for improving pain and function in the short term. However, there is much less research investigating ...
Vuorenmaa Mirja M Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Jyväskylä Central Hospital, Keskussairaalantie 19, FI-40620 Jyväskylä, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of a delayed home exercise programme compared with normal care after primary total knee arthroplasty. Single-blind, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 108 participants (61% females, mean age 69 years [standard deviation 8.7]), were randomized to a home-based exercise group (EG, n = 53) or to a ...
Siebelt Michiel - - 2014
Articular cartilage needs sulphated-glycosaminoglycans (sGAG) to withstand high pressures while mechanically loaded. Chondrocyte sGAG synthesis is regulated by exposure to compressive forces. Moderate physical exercise is known to improve cartilage sGAG content and might protect against osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigated whether rat knee joints with sGAG depleted articular through ...
Khalaj Nafiseh N Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
The knee adduction moment represents the medial knee joint load, and greater value is associated with higher load. In people with knee osteoarthritis, it is important to apply proper treatment with the least side effects to reduce knee adduction moment and, consequently, reduce medial knee joint load. This reduction may ...
Musumeci Giuseppe G Department of Bio-Medical Sciences, Human Anatomy and Histology Section, School of Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy. - - 2014
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) represents one of the most common causes of disability in the world. It leads to social, psychological and economic costs with financial consequences, also because a further increase is expected. Different knee OA treatments are usually considered in relation to the stage of the disease, such as ...
Ying Nai-Hao NH School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University; Center of Physical Therapy, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taiwan, - - 2014
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Objectives To measure and compare patellar tendon stiffness and microcirculation in college tennis players and non-athletic students when performing eccentric knee extension exercises that do and do not reduce tendon stiffness. Background Previous studies suggest that tendon microcirculation response during exercises may vary based on ...
Rosedale Richard R Physiotherapist, London Health Sciences Centre, London, - - 2014
Study Design Randomized controlled trial. Objectives Examine the efficacy of exercise intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) directed by Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) assessment. Secondarily, explore outcomes between MDT assessment-defined subgroups within the exercise group. Background Due to the high physical and economic burden of knee OA, the ...
Burrows Nicholas J NJ School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a single bout of resistance exercise produces an analgesic effect in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Eleven participants with knee OA (65.9 ± 10.4yrs), and 11 old (61.3 ± 8.2yrs) and 11 young (25 ± 4.9yrs) healthy adults performed separate bouts of upper and lower body resistance ...
Haggerty Mason M School of Physical Education, Sport, and Exercise Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, - - 2014
Walking is a popular form of exercise and is associated with many health benefits; however, frontal-plane knee joint loading brought about by a large internal knee-abduction moment and cyclic loading could lead to cartilage degeneration over time. Therefore, knee joint mechanics during an alternative walking exercise needs to be analyzed. ...
Doan Daniel D Department of Medicine (Dr - - 2014
Given the high prevalence of asthma, it is likely that providers working in a pretravel setting will be asked to provide guidance for asthma patients about how to manage their disease before and during wilderness or adventure travel, while providers working in the field setting may need to address asthma-related ...
Zhuang Jie J School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative exercise program on muscle strength, balance, and gait kinematics in elderly community-dwellers. The exercise program included strength and balance training and the 8-form Tai Chi Chuan. The measurements were carried out at baseline and 12 weeks, and consisted of four ...
Kisiel-Sajewicz Katarzyna K Dept. of Kinesiology, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, - - 2014
Our study aimed to determine whether electrical and mechanical factors contributing to acute or long-term maximal torque reduction and muscle soreness due to submaximal eccentric exercise (ECC) are elbow-joint-angle specific and to what extent the joint angle affects the contribution of antagonist coactivation to this torque reduction. Maximal isometric torque ...
Mazloum Vahid V Department of Sports Injuries and Corrective Exercises, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, - - 2014
Pain and limited range of motion (ROM) are the crucial subsequent results of joint hemorrhages in individuals with bleeding disorders and hemophilia. Exercise interventions are particularly recommended in treatment of such patients. The purpose of this study was to detect the influences of conventional exercise therapy and hydrotherapy on the ...
Balsamo Sandor S Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Brasilia, Brazil. - - 2014
Fatigue, the enduring sensation of weakness, lack of energy, tiredness or exhaustion, is described by 40%-80% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis as their most disabling symptom with wide-ranging consequences for quality of life. Little attention has been paid to its multidimensional nature or to its reliability as a measure to ...
Do─čru Apti Mine M Department of Sports Medicine, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, 34093 Istanbul, - - 2014
Objective. To assess the effects of regular aerobic training combined with range of motion (ROM) exercises on aerobic capacity, quality of life, and function in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods. Thirty patients with JIA and 20 healthy age-matched controls (mean age ± SD, 11.3 ± 2.4 versus 11.0 ...
Peungsuwan Punnee P School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Thailand ; Back, Neck and Other Joint Pain Research Group, Khon Kaen University, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the effectiveness of a class- and home-based exercise with massage between Thai traditional and standardized physical therapy (TPT and SPT) in older people with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one subjects with KOA (aged 50-85 years) in two selected villages were randomly assigned into the ...
Jay Kenneth K 0000-0001-6777-843X National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkalle 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark ; Electronics and Computer Science, Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK ; Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, - - 2014
The main objective was to investigate the intra- and intertester reliability of a simple screening tool assessing errors in exercise execution by visual observation. 38 participants with no previous resistance exercise experience practiced for two weeks four typical upper limb exercises using elastic tubing. At 2-week follow-up, the participants were ...
O'Donnell Denis E DE Queen's University & Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
To have a better understanding of the mechanisms of exercise limitation in mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), we compared detailed respiratory physiology in patients with COPD and healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Data were collected during the pre-treatment, patient characterization phase of a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Patients ...
de Rooij Mariëtte M Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Center, Reade, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Exercise therapy is generally recommended for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Comorbidity, which is highly prevalent in OA, may interfere with exercise therapy. To date, there is no evidence-based protocol for the treatment of patients with knee OA and comorbidity. Special protocols adapted to the comorbidity may facilitate ...
Karamanidis Kiros K Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Department of Mathematics and Technology, University of Applied Sciences Koblenz, RheinAhrCampus Remagen, Koblenz, - - 2014
Leg-extensor muscle weakness could be a key component in knee joint degeneration in the elderly because it may result in altered muscular control during locomotion influencing the mechanical environment within the joint. This work aimed to examine whether an exercise-induced enhancement of the triceps surae (TS) and quadriceps femoris (QF) ...
Sugisaki Norihide N Center for Environment, Health and Field Sciences, Chiba University, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan; Waseda Institute for Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama, - - 2014
Athletes who aim to improve both muscular endurance and power often perform exercises that involve similar joint actions under different lifting conditions, such as changes in the load or speed, which are implemented at different times during a periodized exercise program or simultaneously. The prescribed exercises are considered to recruit ...
Laufer Yocheved Y Physical Therapy Department, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, - - 2014
Strengthening exercises of the quadriceps femoris muscle (QFM) are beneficial for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Studies reporting short-term effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the QFM in this population support the use of this modality as an adjunct treatment. The objectives of this follow-up study are to compare ...
Bennell Kim L KL The University of Melbourne, Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, Melbourne, Vic, - - 2013
Objective: To compare the effects of neuromuscular exercise (NEXA) and quadriceps strengthening (QS) on the knee adduction moment (an indicator of medio-lateral distribution of knee load), pain and physical function in people with medial knee joint osteoarthritis (OA) and varus malalignment. Methods: 100 people with medial knee pain, mostly moderate ...
Juhl C C Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Department of Physiotherapy, Copenhagen University Hospital, Gentofte, - - 2013
Objectives: To identify the optimal exercise program characterized by type and intensity of exercise, length of exercise program, duration of individual supervised sessions, and number of sessions per week for reducing pain and patient-reported disability in knee osteoarthritis. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials were performed. ...
Han Shuyang S College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, - - 2013
The squat exercise was usually performed with varying feet and hip angles by different populations. The objective of this study was to compare and contrast the three-dimensional knee angles, moments, and forces during dynamic squat exercises with varying feet and hip angles. Lower extremity motions and ground reaction forces for ...
Takacs Judit J Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare the energy expenditure of increased lateral trunk lean walking - a suggested method of reducing medial compartment knee joint load - compared to normal walking in a population of older adults with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). Participants completed two randomly-presented treadmill walking conditions: 15 minutes of normal walking ...
Cakir Serap - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare whether the effectiveness of continuous ultrasound (US) was superior against pulsed US and against sham US in knee osteoarthritis. A randomized controlled study was carried out on 60 patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis according to American College of Rheumatology. The patients were ...
Button Kate K School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom; Arthritis Research UK Biomechanics and Bioengineering Centre, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom; Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
Functional exercises are important in the rehabilitation of anterior cruciate ligament deficient and reconstructed individuals but movement compensations and incomplete recovery persist. This study aimed to identify how tasks pose different challenges; and evaluate if different activities challenge patient groups differently compared to controls. Motion and force data were collected ...
Denysschen C A - - 2013
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) block estrogen synthesis and are commonly used as adjuvant treatments for breast cancer patients. A common side effect is joint pain. This was a pilot study to examine implementation of an exercise program in reducing joint pain and improving quality of life (QoL) and functional performance in ...
João Filipa - - 2013
The forces produced by the muscles can deliver energy to a target segment they are not attached to, by transferring this energy throughout the other segments in the chain. This is a synergistic way of functioning, which allows muscles to accelerate or decelerate segments in order to reach the target ...
Haugen Ida K - - 2013
To develop and test the interreader reliability of the OMERACT Hand Osteoarthritis Magnetic Resonance Scoring System (HOAMRIS) for assessment of structural and inflammatory hand OA features in the interphalangeal joints. The HOAMRIS was developed through an iterative process. Selection of features and their scaling was agreed upon through consensus by ...
Matsuzaki Taro T Division of Health Science, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of the ROM exercise on joint components according to histopathological analysis. [Subjects and Methods] In total, twenty-six 9-week-old adult male Wistar rats were used in this study. The rats were randomly divided into three groups, the immobilization group (n=10), ...
Kong Yong Soo YS Department of Physical Therapy, College of Medical Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different types of bridging exercises on the activities of the trunk muscles. [Methods] Twenty-four students participated in this experiment. The activities of the internal oblique (IO), external oblique (EO), rectus abdominis (RA), and erector spinae (ES) muscles were ...
Goetschius John J Department of Kinesiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the effects of 36 min of continuous exercise on postural control and joint reposition acuity in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) and healthy controls. Twenty patients (10 women and 10 men; mean ± SD; age = 25.5 ± 5.5 yr, height = 1.75 ...
Arden-Close Emily E Academic Unit of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2013
Poor symptom control is common in asthma. Breathing training exercises may be an effective adjunct to medication; it is therefore important to understand facilitators and barriers to uptake of breathing training exercises. To gain insight into patients' perceptions of breathing training exercises designed to help control asthma symptoms. Semi-structured think-aloud ...
Barberó-Álvarez José Carlos JC Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, - - 2014
To perform an exploratory characterization of repeated sprint sequences (RSS) and repeated acceleration sequences (RAS) in top level soccer referees. 7 field and 7 assistant referees were monitored during 2007 America's Soccer Cup with GPS technology. Sprints of >18 km·h(-1) and accelerations of >1.5 m·s(-2) were considered as high intensity ...
Jayaseelan Dhinu J - - 2013
Study Design Case report. Background Proximal hamstring tendinopathy is a relatively uncommon overuse injury seen in runners. In contrast to the significant amount of literature guiding the evaluation and treatment of hamstring strains, there is little literature about the physical therapy management of proximal hamstring tendinopathy other than the general ...
Svege Ida - - 2013
Exercise treatment is recommended for all patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA), but its effect on the long-term need for total hip replacement (THR) is unknown. We conducted a long-term follow-up of a randomised trial investigating the efficacy of exercise therapy and patient education versus patient education only on the 6-year ...
Kuenze Christopher - - 2013
Return to recreational activity is a common goal for the clinician and patient following ACL reconstruction(ACLR) and structured rehabilitation. Decreased peak knee flexion angle and external knee flexion moment during walking and jogging have been indicated as significant contributors to cartilage degeneration over time following knee joint injury. The purpose ...
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