Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1137
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Bessot N - - 2007
The aim of this study was to examine the pedal rate and chronobiological impacts on muscle activity pattern and propulsive force production during cycling. Ten male competitive cyclists performed at 06:00 and 18:00 h a submaximal exercise on a cycle ergometer at a power output which elicited 50% of their ...
Davranche Karen - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the facilitating effects of physical exercise on the reaction process. Eleven participants with specific expertise in decision-making sports performed a choice reaction time task during moderate sub-maximal exercise (90% of their ventilatory threshold power). Participants were tested at rest and while cycling. ...
Smith P M - - 2006
This study examined the effects of variations in crank rate on physiological responses during submaximal arm ergometry. Fifteen non-specifically trained male subjects volunteered to participate in this study. Each subject undertook a discontinuous arm crank ergometry test (30, 50, 70, 90 W) on three separate occasions using crank rates of ...
Okudan N - - 2006
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between critical power (CP), maximal aerobic power and the anaerobic threshold and whether exercise time to exhaustion and work at the CP can be used as an index in the determination of endurance. METHODS: An incremental maximal cycle ...
Micklewright D - - 2006
Performance and metabolic profiles of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) were compared between a mechanically resisted (ME) and an electro-magnetically braked (EE) cycle ergometer. Fifteen healthy subjects (24.0+/-3.5 years, 180.5+/-6.1 cm, 75.4+/-11.9 kg) performed a WAnT on ME, and EE 3 days apart. Performance was measured as peak power (PP), ...
Samozino Pierre - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactions between cadence and power output effects on cycling efficiency. Fourteen healthy subjects performed four constant power output-tests (40, 80, 120 and 160 W) in which the cadence varied in five bouts from 40 to 120 rpm. Gross efficiency (GE) was ...
Lawton Trent W - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine the change in weight training repetition power output as a consequence of interrepetition rest intervals. Twenty-six elite junior male basketball and soccer players performed bench presses using a 6 repetition maximum (6RM) load. The power output for each repetition was recorded using ...
Roussel-Debet Sylvie - - 2006
For 10 years, (14)C measurements have been performed around French nuclear power plant sites, both in zones influenced and zones not influenced by gaseous releases. Examining the results from these measurements in the terrestrial environment shows that the discharges have a very slight impact on the radiocarbon level (with a ...
Bessot N - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the supposed influence of pedal rate on the diurnal fluctuation of the time to exhaustion from high-intensity exercise. Eleven male cyclists performed three tests at 06:00 h and three at 18:00 h at a free pedal rate (FPR) and two imposed pedal ...
Bessot N - - 2006
Recently, it was observed that the freely chosen pedal rate of elite cyclists was significantly lower at 06:00 than at 18:00 h, and that ankle kinematics during cycling exhibits diurnal variation. The modification of the pedaling technique and pedal rate observed throughout the day could be brought about to limit ...
Vogt Stefan - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the power output during a multistage professional road race using direct power measurements and to compare these results with the performance measurements using competition heart rate recordings. METHODS: Six professional road cyclists performed an incremental cycling test during which peak power ...
Maikala Rammohan V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Peak cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and perceptual responses in healthy men (n=11) and women (n=11) were compared during two different upper body exercise modes: standardized arm cranking and task-specific pushing-pulling. METHODS: Each subject completed to volitional exhaustion both an incremental arm cranking and a pushing-pulling exercise continuously, in a random order, ...
Pouilly Jean-Pierre - - 2005
This study aimed to estimate the power/time relationship from a single ramp test (RT) assuming critical power (Pc) from ventilatory threshold (VT) and energy reserve (W') from total work during RT These estimates from single RT were compared to those from a series of 4 constant power exercises (CPT) and ...
Van Schuylenbergh R - - 2005
Cyclists often use heart rate limits or power output zones, obtained from lactate parameters during incremental exercise testing, to control training intensity. However, the relationship between heart rate or power output, and blood lactate can be changed by several factors including dehydration. Therefore, in the current study we investigated the ...
Sarre G - - 2005
AIM: The purpose of the present work was to assess the strategies set by the central nervous system in order to provide the power output required throughout a prolonged (1-h) pedalling exercise performed at different cadences (50 rpm, 110 rpm and the freely chosen cadence). METHODS: Neuromuscular (NM) activity of ...
Paton C D - - 2005
Sport scientists should consider seasonal trends and individual variability in performance when using tests to track performance changes resulting from training or other medium-term interventions with individuals or in research studies. We report here the seasonal changes and variability in power of 12 male competitive cyclists, who performed laboratory tests ...
Hamer Mark - - 2005
This study examined differentiated rating of perceived exertion (RPE), heart rate, and heart-rate variability during light cycle ergometry exercise at two different pedal rates. 30 healthy men (22.6 +/- 0.9 yr.) were recruited from a student population and completed a continuous 20-min. cycle ergometry exercise protocol, consisting of a 4-min. ...
Chen Hsin-Yung - - 2005
This aim of this study is to provide quantitative analyses of asymmetrical movements between affected and unaffected limbs for hemiparetic subjects in a cycling ergometer. To acquire kinesiological and kinematical data, electromyography (EMG) of quadriceps muscles in the both legs as well as crank positions under three cycling workloads were ...
Sekir Ufuk U Sports Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University , Bursa, - - 2005
We investigated the effects of a multi-station proprioceptive exercise program on functional capacity, perceived knee pain, and sensoriomotor function. Twenty-two patients (aged 41-75 years) with grade 2-3 bilateral knee osteoarthrosis were randomly assigned to two groups: treatment (TR; n = 12) and non-treatment (NONTR; n = 10). TR performed 11 ...
Hunt K J - - 2006
AIM: The energy efficiency of FES-cycling in spinal cord injured subjects is very much lower than that of normal cycling, and efficiency is dependent upon the parameters of muscle stimulation. We investigated measures which can be used to evaluate the effect on cycling performance of changes in stimulation parameters, and ...
Dorel S - - 2005
The aims of the present study were both to describe anthropometrics and cycling power-velocity characteristics in top-level track sprinters, and to test the hypothesis that these variables would represent interesting predictors of the 200 m track sprint cycling performance. Twelve elite cyclists volunteered to perform a torque-velocity test on a ...
Robbins Daniel W - - 2005
The acute effects of maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) in the squat position on subsequent measures of power output over 3 consecutive sets were investigated. Sixteen trained men experienced with back squats participated in the study. A 7-second MVIC was performed 4 minutes before the execution of 5 maximal countermovement ...
Paton Carl D - - 2005
In several recent studies, athletes experienced substantial gains in sprint and endurance performance when explosive training or high-intensity interval training was added in the noncompetitive phase of a season. Here we report the effect of combining these 2 types of training on performance in the competitive phase. We randomized 18 ...
Weyand Peter G - - 2006
We hypothesized that the maximum mechanical power outputs that can be maintained during all-out sprint cycling efforts lasting from a few seconds to several minutes can be accurately estimated from a single exponential time constant (k(cycle)) and two measurements on individual cyclists: the peak 3-s power output (P(mech max)) and ...
Egaña Mikel - - 2006
The time sustained during a graded cycle exercise is approximately 10% longer in an upright compared with a supine posture. However, during constant-load cycling this effect is unknown. Therefore, we tested the postural effect on the performance of high-intensity constant-load cycling. Twenty-two active subjects (11 men, 11 women) performed two ...
González-Haro Carlos - - 2005
The aim of this study was to typify cardiorespiratory and metabolic adaptation capacity at race pace of high-level triathletes during simulations of short distance triathlon swimming sector, first transition and cycling sector. Six national and international-level triathletes performed a 1500 m swimming trial followed by a transition and one hour ...
Ebert Tammie R - - 2005
Little information exists on the power output demands of competitive women's road cycle racing. The purpose of our investigation was to document the power output generated by elite female road cyclists who achieved success in FLAT and HILLY World Cup races. Power output data were collected from 27 top-20 World ...
Thom Jeanette M - - 2005
This study investigated whether loss of power with aging is fully accounted for by a decrease in muscle volume. Triceps surae power and volume (VOL) were measured in 18 older (OM: 69-82 years) and 12 younger men (YM: 19-35 years). Isokinetic peak torque was measured to determine torque-velocity and power-velocity ...
Heubert R A P - - 2005
The relationships between both metabolic (E) and mechanical (W) energy expended and exhaustion time (t(e)), was determined for 11 well-trained subjects during constant load cycloergometric exercises at 95, 100, 110, 115 % maximal aerobic power performed both from rest and, without interruption, after an all-out sprint of 7 s. These ...
Striegel H - - 2005
The determination of anaerobic capacity (AC) using treadmill ergometry is problematic from a methodological, as well as a technical standpoint. In this study, a procedure from Monod and Scherrer was modified to examine whether realistic magnitudes of AC could be determined using three subject groups with different levels of anaerobic ...
Kirkton Scott D - - 2005
Developing vertebrates increase both their locomotory power output and endurance due to ontogenetic improvements in anaerobic and aerobic metabolic capacities. Do similar patterns hold for insect locomotion, or do longer tracheal lengths create problems for oxygen delivery in older animals? We forced developing American locust grasshoppers (Schistocerca americana) to jump ...
Kawamori Naoki - - 2005
The influence of different relative intensities on power output was investigated in the present study in order to identify the optimal load that maximizes power output during the hang power clean. Fifteen men (age: 22.1 +/- 2.0 years, height: 180.1 +/- 6.3 cm, and body mass: 89.4 +/- 14.7 kg) ...
Sarre G - - 2005
The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of pedalling rate on the pattern of mechanical torque application and on neuromuscular fatigue during prolonged cycling exercise. Eleven well-trained individuals performed three 1-h pedalling sessions, at 50 rev.min-1, 110 rev.min-1 and a freely chosen cadence, at an intensity corresponding ...
Johnson Arthur T - - 2005
Sixteen subjects exercised at 80-85% of maximal aerobic capacity on a treadmill while wearing a tight-fitting, FRM40-Turbo Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR). The PAPR was powered by a DC power supply to give flow rates of 0%, 30%, 66%, 94%, and 100% of rated maximum blower capacity of 110 L/min. ...
Swank Ann M - - 2005
This study evaluated a possible anticipation bias when ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were obtained during submaximal progressive exercise testing. Perceptual estimates were obtained using the CR-10 category-ratio scale. 13 subjects, 7 men and 6 women (M age = 26.8 +/- 6.4 yr., height = 2.7 +/- .17 m, weight ...
Nesi X - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine whether preferred pedal rate (PPR) could be used as an index of cycling performance. Thirteen competitive cyclists cycled at PPR during a graded test and a supra-threshold constant power test (CPT). The results showed that PPR values reported in CPT were correlated ...
Bertucci William - - 2005
Despite the importance of uphill cycling performance during cycling competitions, there is very little research investigating uphill cycling, particularly concerning field studies. The lack of research is partly due to the difficulties in obtaining data in the field. The aim of this study was to analyse the crank torque in ...
Davison James A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare the phacoemulsification times and powers used in 3 phacoemulsification machine configurations. SETTING: Wolfe Eye Clinic, Marshalltown, Iowa, USA. METHODS: A randomized prospective study of 410 consecutive cases was conducted. All cases were performed using the Alcon Legacy 20000 phacoemulsification machine. Configurations were the Standard Legacy 20000 machine ...
van Soest A J - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: During fixed-ankle FES cycling in paraplegics, in which the leg position is completely determined by the crank angle, mechanical power output is low. This low power output limits the cardiovascular load that could be realized during FES ergometer cycling, and limits possibilities for FES cycling as a means of ...
Burnley Mark - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of three different warm-up regimes on cycling work output during a 7-min performance trial. METHODS: After habituation to the experimental methods, 12 well-trained cyclists completed a series of 7-min performance trials, involving 2 min of constant-work rate exercise ...
Harris John J Institute of Medicine, Law and Bioethics, School of Law, Williamson Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL. - - 2005
This paper argues that the HFEA's recent report on sex selection abdicates its responsibility to give its own authentic advice on the matters within its remit, that it accepts arguments and conclusions that are implausible on the face of it and where they depend on empirical claims, produces no empirical ...
Takken Tim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To 1) report the feasibility of an "all-out" 30-second cycling exercise test (Wingate Anaerobic Exercise Test [WAnT]) in juvenile-onset idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (JIIM) patients, 2) describe the anaerobic exercise capacity in juvenile dermatomyositis patients, and 3) determine if the anaerobic exercise capacity could be related to disease duration or ...
Korte F Steven - - 2005
The amount of work the heart can perform during ejection is governed by the inherent contractile properties of individual myocytes. One way to alter contractile properties is to alter contractile proteins such as myosin heavy chain (MyHC), which is known to demonstrate isoform plasticity in response to disease states. The ...
McConnell Alison K - - 2005
Several studies have reported that improvements in endurance performance following respiratory muscle training (RMT) are associated with a decrease in blood lactate concentration ([Lac](B)). The present study examined whether pressure threshold inspiratory muscle training (IMT) elicits an increase in the cycling power output corresponding to the maximum lactate steady state ...
Albertus Yumna - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether providing incorrect distance feedback would alter pacing strategies, perceived exertion, and heart rate during 20-km cycling time trials (TT). METHODS: Well-trained cyclists (N=15) performed a peak power output (PPO) test, familiarization trial, and four 20-km cycling TT during which they ...
Kim Maria - - 2005
We established reliability of upper-limb muscle performance in adults with post-stroke hemiparesis. Ten adults with post-stroke hemiparesis (51.5 +/- 34.5 months) performed isokinetic concentric shoulder flexion, elbow flexion, and extension at 3 criterion speeds (30 degrees/s, 75 degrees/s, and 120 degrees/s) on 3 separate occasions (Days 1, 7, and 49). ...
McMorris T - - 2005
AIM: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effect of attempting to exercise supra-maximally on reaction time and movement time in a non-compatible response time task. METHODS: Subjects (n=9) undertook a 4-choice non-compatible response time test at rest, while cycling at 70 rpm with a resistance of ...
Bentley David J - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the isocapnic buffer (beta(isocapnic)) and hypocapnic hyperventilation (HHV) phases as well as performance in a short (20-min) and long (90-min) time trial (TT) in trained athletes. In addition, gross (GE, %) and delta (deltaE, %) efficiency were calculated and ...
Drust B - - 2005
AIM: The present study investigated the effects of hyperthermia on intermittent exercise and repeated sprint performance. METHODS: Seven men completed 40 min of intermittent cycling comprising of 15 s exercise (306 +/- 22 W) and 15 s rest periods (0 W) followed by 5 x 15 s maximal sprints on ...
Schulte-Edelmann Jessica A - - 2005
The purpose of this research was to examine the effectiveness of a 6-week plyometric training period on power production of the posterior shoulder and elbow musculature. Twenty-eight normal college-aged volunteers (5 men, 23 women) were divided into control and plyometric training groups. Both groups were pre- and posttested using shoulder ...
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