Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 862
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Marchionni N - - 1993
The acute and long-term effects of the orally active vasodilator flosequinan were assessed in 10 patients with New York Heart Association class II to IV cardiac failure. Baseline hemodynamics, exercise capacity, left and right ventricular ejection fraction, and pulmonary transit time were measured by right cardiac catheterization, bicycle ergometer stress ...
Bonelli R - - 1993
We studied central and peripheral hemodynamics and exercise tolerance in 24 patients with left ventricular dysfunction. All were in NYHA class II or III, and echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction was < 35% without pharmacologic influences. Patients underwent to treadmill test (Naughton protocol), cardiopulmonary upright bicycle test, and supine bicycle ...
Kelbaek H - - 1993
The haemodynamic effects of the sulfhydryl-containing angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, zofenopril, were studied in patients in New York Heart Association functional class II and III. Twenty-one clinically stable patients with coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathy completed a randomized double-blind treatment period of 2 months with either 15 mg zofenopril once ...
Schrijen F V - - 1993
Thirty-four patients with chronic lung disease in stable condition were studied at supine rest (RS), at rest with the legs raised (LR), and during two levels of exercise: E1, 0 or 20 W, E2, 20 or 40 W. Five patients had normal spirometry (group 1), six patients had normal vital ...
Bergovec M - - 1993
The aim of our study was to analyze numerous global and regional parameters of left ventricular (LV) performance during rest and exercise, in the group of 14 healthy subjects, by quantitative gated equilibrium ventriculography in left anterior oblique view (45 degrees). The global LV parameters at rest vs. exercise in ...
Roig E - - 1993
Patients with an uneventful course during hospital stay, which represent from 30 to 50% of all myocardial infarction survivors, still have an incidence of new coronary events up to 7% during the first year of follow-up. To assess the value of radionuclide angiography in predicting new coronary events in this ...
Thomas S G - - 1993
Studies of the cardiovascular response to exercise in older subjects have presented conflicting data regarding left ventricular function, the cardiac output-oxygen consumption (Q-VO2) relationship, and the pattern of change in Q, stroke volume (SV), and arteriovenous O2 difference. We have examined the cardiovascular response to submaximal and strenuous exercise in ...
Roberti R R - - 1993
Patients with reduced left ventricular function or aneurysms have cavities that appear dark on SPECT thallium scintigrams. We hypothesized that a quantitative index, which relates thallium activity in the left ventricular cavity to that in the myocardium (C/M ratio), could provide information on left ventricular function. A group of 80 ...
Hartmann A - - 1993
Discrepant results have previously been reported concerning long-term left ventricular function in the human transplanted heart as assessed by radionuclide ventriculography. In this study, radionuclide ventriculograms were obtained at rest and during exercise in 19 patients < 6 months, 7-12 months, 13-24 months and > 24 months after transplantation. Ejection ...
Oliver R M - - 1993
Right ventricular function was assessed in 24 patients with COPD, at rest and during submaximal exercise, using both technetium-99m (99mTc) blood-pool and krypton-81m (81mKr) equilibrium ventriculography. Technetium-99m right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) at rest was lower than 81mKr RVEF (0.39 +/- 0.12 and 0.54 +/- 0.08, respectively; p < 0.001). ...
Iwasaka T - - 1993
To evaluate the change of ventriculoarterial coupling during low-level exercise in patients after myocardial infarction, the ratio of systolic blood pressure to left ventricular end-systolic volume (P/V ratio) and the ratio of systolic blood pressure to stroke volume (effective arterial elastance) were investigated using radionuclide angiography in 73 consecutive patients ...
He J - - 1993
Blood flow velocity in the common carotid artery and the electrocardiogram were measured simultaneously by telemetry in seven male subjects during 20-min walking on a treadmill at an exercise intensity corresponding to a mean oxygen uptake of 26.0 (SD 2.9) ml.kg-1.min-1. The mean cardiac cycle was shortened from 0.814 (SD ...
Pokan R - - 1993
The heart rate/work performance (fc/W) curve is usually S-shaped but a flattening at the top is not always seen. By means of radionuclide ventricular scintigraphy, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 15 sports students was investigated. The behaviour of the fc/W curve during cycle ergometry with increasing exercise intensities ...
Oliver R M - - 1993
81Krm equilibrium ventriculography was used to study right ventricular function in 37 healthy male volunteers. 'Anatomical' lung subtraction using 99Tcm lung perfusion scintigraphy was compared with conventional background correction in the calculation of resting right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF). Resting RVEF was significantly greater following 'anatomical' lung subtraction than that ...
Clausell N - - 1993
During incremental exercise, the left ventricular ejection fraction increases up to the intensity of the anaerobic threshold and tends to level off at higher exercise intensities. Since there is a correlation between the response of peak filling rate and ejection fraction to exercise, this study was conducted to determine whether ...
Thomas S H - - 1992
1. Sramek and Bernstein's method of impedance cardiography is a simple, non-invasive and inexpensive computerised way of measuring stroke volume and systolic time intervals. In this study measurements made using the method were compared with those found simultaneously using established reference techniques. 2. In healthy volunteers there was no significant ...
Adams K F KF - - 1992
To better characterize the relationship between left ventricular volume response and improved ventricular ejection and output during supine exercise in normal subjects, 36 healthy asymptomatic volunteers (age 39 +/- 17 yr) were studied with radionuclide ventriculography during recumbent bicycle ergometry. Relative changes in left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volume were ...
Hirata N - - 1992
To elucidate the effects of mitral valve surgery on right ventricular function in 11 patients with mitral stenosis, pre- and postoperative right ventricular function were quantified using gated equilibrium blood pool radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise. The preoperative right ventricular ejection fraction was 39 +/- 4% at rest ...
Neubaur T - - 1992
To investigate right ventricular function, 24 patients with arterial hypertension and five normotensive controls underwent equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography with simultaneous right heart catheterization. In normal subjects, left ventricular ejection fraction was 57 +/- 2% at rest and 71 +/- 5% on effort, and right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) averaged 51 ...
Fuenmayor A J - - 1992
To elucidate whether the Valsalva maneuver (VM) can distinguish different degrees of normal ventricular function and parasympathetic tone, we studied 10 physically untrained and 18 trained normal individuals who regularly performed isotonic exercises. Both groups were submitted to an exercise stress test. An electrocardiogram and an M-mode echocardiogram were recorded ...
Hayashida K - - 1992
We investigated how changes in ventricular contractility and arterial properties associated with exercise influence the energy transmission from the left ventricle to the arterial system. On six chronically instrumented dogs preconditioned to run on a treadmill, we imposed exercise loads of various degrees by altering the speed and slope of ...
Franken P R - - 1992
The most widely used criterion of normality during exercise radionuclide angiocardiography (a five EF units increase in left ventricular ejection fraction from rest to exercise) has been established in young, healthy volunteers resulting in a relatively low specificity when applied to older, less fit patients or in women. In a ...
Tomai F - - 1992
The role of Frank-Starling law of the heart in determining the increase in cardiac output during exercise in humans is still controversial (e.g., the mechanisms responsible for the enhancement of left ventricular [LV] filling during the shortened diastolic interval). Ten weight lifters, 12 swimmers and 12 sedentary subjects who underwent ...
Haedersdal C - - 1992
The present study compares the variables assessed by standard exercise test with the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured by multigated radionuclide angiocardiography (MUGA) in 77 patients early after myocardial infarction. The exercise test and MUGA were performed within two weeks after the myocardial infarction. A significant correlation (Spearman's correlation ...
Harpole D H DH - - 1992
To compare left ventricular responses to stress during exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and after myocardial revascularization, 35 patients (mean age 55 +/- 7 years, class III angina) with three-vessel coronary artery disease underwent a rest and exercise initial-transit radionuclide angiocardiography before aortocoronary bypass grafting. Left ventricular ejection fraction decreased during exercise ...
Asanoi H - - 1992
To examine the relative roles of ventricular contractility and loading conditions for cardiovascular adjustment during exercise, 10 normal human subjects were studied using a framework of ventriculoarterial coupling. Anaerobic threshold was evaluated to determine the work rates of aerobic and anaerobic exercise. Ventricular contractile properties were quantified by the slope ...
Waien S A - - 1992
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Sudden death has long been considered a major contributor to mortality in pediatric patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot. However, this may not apply to the patient with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who has survived into adulthood. Consequently we followed up a cohort of such adults to ...
Sheldahl L M - - 1992
The effect of moderate heat stress on cardiac performance during sustained moderate physical work was evaluated in men greater than or equal to 6 weeks after a cardiac event. Subjects (n = 10) performed upright leg cycle ergometer exercise at approximately 50% of peak oxygen uptake for up to 60 ...
Konstam M A - - 1992
The hemodynamic determinants of clinical status in patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction have not been established. In the present study, preload reserve--LV distension during exercise--was related to clinical status, and the effect of acute angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition was examined in 97 patients with ejection fraction less than or ...
Ketelhut R - - 1992
We studied 11 healthy untrained volunteers (aged 28.9 +/- 4.6 years) during 60 minutes of aerobic ergometric exercise with constant heart rates of 130 to 140 beats/minute. We found a continuous and significant decrease in systolic and diastolic pressure from 175 +/- 18/77 +/- 7 mmHg in the 5th minute ...
Kawasuji M - - 1992
The response of left ventricular function during exercise and recovery after exercise was assessed in 35 patients with coronary artery bypass grafting before and after the operation by means of a continuous ventricular function monitor, which records serial beat-to-beat radionuclide data and calculates left ventricular ejection fractions every 20 seconds. ...
Frenneaux M P - - 1992
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary heart muscle disease associated with a high incidence of sudden death. Amiodarone is of benefit in those patients with a high risk profile for sudden death. Amiodarone has also been reported to improve symptoms dramatically in some patients with HCM but to cause functional ...
Ben-Ari E - - 1992
Doppler echocardiography is a useful noninvasive determination of left ventricular function during dynamic exercise. Scarce data are available for the use of this technique during heavy isometric exercise. Therefore, Doppler-derived aortic flow indexes were assessed during and after 50% maximal upper-body isometric exercise in 25 healthy men (aged 47 +/- ...
Hashimoto M - - 1992
Sixteen patients with dilated cardiomyopathy were examined hemodynamically in order to clarify the relationship between the exercise capacity and the effects of afterload reduction at rest using supine graded bicycle exercise testing before and after sublingual administration of 10 mg nifedipine. 1) The integration of work loads was weakly correlated ...
Teo K K - - 1992
Cardiac denervation may affect cardiovascular responses during exercise in patients after orthotopic cardiac transplantation. In 17 such patients, haemodynamic responses and left ventricular function were examined by radionuclide ventriculography during and after supine exercise, at an average of 17.1 +/- 2.6 months after surgery. Data were also obtained during 'volume ...
Coats A J - - 1992
A system to improve analysis of the aortic pulsed Doppler velocity signal has been developed and used to study cardiac performance during a 4 min, 25 W incremental stage supine bicycle exercise to exhaustion. Twenty-two male subjects with stable chronic ischaemic heart disease were studied (15 with NYHA class II/III ...
Taki J - - 1992
A continuous ventricular function monitor with a miniature cadmium telluride detector was evaluated and applied to patients with coronary bypass surgery (CABG). Ejection fraction (EF) at rest and change in EF from rest to exercise and postexercise (Y) measured with the device correlated with that of the gamma camera (X) ...
Gould B A - - 1992
Echocardiographic evidence has suggested abnormalities of the myocardial function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. In this work the cardiac function in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and in normal volunteers was evaluated. Twenty four normal volunteers and 21 patients with ankylosing spondylitis aged 18-45 were studied. None had overt cardiac disease. ...
Mohiuddin I H - - 1992
Global left ventricular function and ECGs were continuously monitored by radionuclide ambulatory ventricular function monitoring (VEST) and validated against multigated blood pool analysis (MUGA) and left ventriculography in 26 subjects (study 1). Ejection fraction by VEST (Y) showed good correlation with Y = 5.5 +/- 0.79 X (r = 0.91), ...
Yasuda I - - 1992
Radionuclide ventriculographic studies were performed at rest and during exercise in 15 middle-aged asymptomatic patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) whose mean age was 58.7 +/- 10.5 years (mean +/- SD), and in 10 age- and sex-matched normal control subjects. The patients had neither clinical evidence of cardiovascular diseases nor ...
Delonca J - - 1992
We evaluated the effects of a single oral dose of 5 mg of isradipine compared to placebo in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study using gated radionuclide angiography at rest and during exercise in 20 patients with stable chronic angina. Isradipine improved both anginal symptomatology and ST-segment depression during exercise, with ...
Zaret B L - - 1992
Global and regional left ventricular performances were evaluated with equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography in patients in the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) II trial at the time of hospital discharge. Studies at rest were available in 1,162 (69%) of the invasive and 1,150 (69%) of the conservative strategy patients, and exercise ...
McMahon L P - - 1992
Physical performance and haemodynamic parameters at rest and with exercise were compared in a prospective, cross-over fashion in 12 anaemic haemodialysis patients (Hb 6.4 +/- 0.5, mean +/- SEM) at two levels of haemoglobin (Hb 9 and 12 g/dl) before and after long-term treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo). Patients ...
Watanabe K - - 1992
In prospective study, the beta 1-partial agonist xamoterol (200 mg daily) was given to 26 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in addition to conventional therapy with digitalis, diuretics and vasodilators. The patients were followed for 35 +/- 15 months (6-53 months). Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVDD) ...
Ben-Sira D - - 1992
This study compared end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (P/V) versus wall stress index (WS) as a tool for the evaluation of ventricular contractile state during upright isometric exercise. Both indices of contractility exhibit significant (p < 0.001) increase during exercise compared to resting values. The correlation coefficients for the two indices of ...
Hartmann A - - 1992
In 19 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (15 males, 4 females, mean age 49.2 +/- 10.8 years) left ventricular function was studied with radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise in a crossover design without intervention and after disopyramide and propranolol treatment. 15 of the 19 patients had a resting or ...
Clyne C A - - 1991
Patients with heart disease may have myocardial ischemia or left ventricular (LV) dysfunction without symptoms. The exercise responses of 14 asymptomatic patients with valvular aortic stenosis (AS) were studied using treadmill testing, thallium-201 scintigraphy and radionuclide angiography. Compared with age- and gender-matched control subjects, patients with AS demonstrated reduced exercise ...
Bielen E C - - 1991
The inheritance of cardiac changes during acute dynamic physical exercise was studied in 21 pairs of monozygotic and 12 pairs of dizygotic male twins, ages 18-31 yr. Echocardiography was performed in resting conditions and at submaximal supine bicycle exercise at a heart rate of 110 bpm. In resting conditions significant ...
Wallis J B - - 1991
Radionuclide cineangiography with exercise has been used to identify patients with coronary arteriographic patterns for which bypass grafting has been shown to prolong life. However, patients with severe prior myocardial damage were included in these studies, although the randomized medicine versus surgery trials recognized an effect of resting ejection fraction ...
Burger W - - 1991
In 29 patients with stable ischaemic heart disease, right heart catheterization was performed to assess the effect of exercise and nitroglycerin on right ventricular volumes, which were determined by a new computerized thermodilution system. The coefficient of variation for the determination of right ventricular ejection fraction averaged 11.0 +/- 6.2% ...
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