Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 862
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Rigolin V H - - 1997
This study evaluates right ventricular (RV) and pulmonary function during exercise in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Thirty-one patients with CHD involving the right side of the heart underwent symptom-limited bicycle exercise testing with simultaneous expired gas analysis and measurement of RV ejection fraction (EF). Twenty-one age-matched normal controls ...
Shapira I - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The immediate benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting might be only transient. This prospective study examined the capability of exercise radionuclide cineangiography done shortly after coronary artery bypass grafting to predict outcome and long-term prognosis. METHODS: Results of exercise radionuclide cineangiography at 5.5 +/- 0.7 months (range, 4 to ...
Chaliki H P HP Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1997
To determine whether worsening exercise performance on serial exercise radionuclide angiography identifies patients at increased risk of future cardiac events. One hundred nine medically treated patients with previous Q-wave myocardial infarction underwent two exercise radionuclide angiographic studies at least 6 months apart (median, 16 months) without an intervening clinical event. ...
Delahaye N - - 1997
Submaximal exercise tests have been advocated to assess exercise capacity in chronic heart failure, but hemodynamic responses have not been characterized. To determine left ventricular (LV) responses during submaximal exercise, the LV ejection fraction (EF) and volumes were evaluated by using an ambulatory radionuclide detector in 13 patients with idiopathic ...
Newman J S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to show the ability of power Doppler sonography (PDS) to evaluate exercise-induced changes in muscle blood volume. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 20 biceps muscles with PDS in 10 healthy volunteers before and after they underwent a standardized exercise protocol. Intramuscular blood volume ...
Dubach P - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high intensity exercise training on left ventricular function and hemodynamic responses to exercise in patients with reduced ventricular function. BACKGROUND: Results of studies on central hemodynamic adaptations to exercise training in patients with chronic heart failure have been ...
Jikuhara T - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between left atrial (LA) function and exercise performance. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective study at a referral cardiopulmonary exercise laboratory in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-one patients with recent myocardial infarction. INTERVENTIONS: M-mode echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing combined with radionuclide ventriculography. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: ...
Borges-Neto S - - 1997
This investigation assesses the prognostic value of radionuclide measurements of cardiac function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Radionuclide angiograms during exercise and at rest were obtained in 182 patients before (< or = 30 days), early (< or = 3 months), and late (< or = 3 ...
Lauer M - - 1997
Postmortem volumetry of the human striatum and its subdivisions (putamen, n.caudatus, n.accumbens) was performed on serial coronal sections of complete hemispheres. Both hemispheres of 9 male schizophrenic patients younger than 65 years were closely matched in age with the hemispheres of 9 male control individuals. All obtained values were corrected ...
Sumimoto T - - 1997
To investigate the role of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in the maintenance of exercise capacity in patients with systolic dysfunction, symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing combined with radionuclide ventriculography was performed in 24 patients with an LV ejection fraction < 35% after anterior myocardial infarction. The ratio of pulmonary artery ...
TaƟdemir O - - 1996
BACKGROUND: A major concern in evaluating dynamic cardiomyoplasty has been whether the synchronous stimulation of latissimus dorsi muscle is essential for benefit or not. We studied 10 patients to determine the efficacy of the systolic augmentation generated by the synchronous electrical stimulation of the latissimus dorsi muscle. METHODS: Left ventricular ...
Biondi B - - 1996
To assess cardiac function and exercise tolerance in patients receiving long term TSH-suppressive therapy with levothyroxine (L-T4), we studied maximal exercise capacity with a bicycle ergometer and left ventricular function at rest and during physical exercise by radionuclide angiography. The evaluation was performed in 10 patients receiving L-T4 therapy (2.31 ...
Faraggi M - - 1996
The investigation of left ventricular contractile reserve usually requires the determination of left ventricular volume, but its measurement with radionuclide angiography is difficult. The aim of this study was to determine left ventricular volume directly during exercise by the simultaneous measurement of peak exercise left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and ...
Leung D Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the value of preoperative assessment of left ventricular contractile reserve in predicting ventricular function after valve repair for minimally symptomatic mitral regurgitation. BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for operation in minimally symptomatic patients with significant mitral regurgitation is controversial. Accurate preoperative assessment of left ventricular function is difficult, ...
Kyei-Mensah A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility of ovarian and endometrial volume measurements obtained using transvaginal three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US). DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center for assisted reproduction. PATIENTS: Forty women undergoing ovarian stimulation for IVF-ET using the long protocol of GnRH agonist. INTERVENTION: Three observers independently measured ...
Bech J - - 1996
Left ventricular systolic function is reduced during episodes of silent ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is increased at least 5 absolute percent during exercise in most normal subjects; however, in patients with CAD, LVEF often remains unchanged or decreases. The anti-ischemic effect ...
Aksut S V - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Previous studies show sex-related differences in left ventricular (LV) response to exercise. It is not clear, however, whether these differences are also seen in younger healthy subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study examined the changes in LV performance during dynamic upright exercise in 11 healthy men and 19 healthy ...
Shoemaker J K - - 1996
The between-day repeatability of simultaneous measures of brachial artery diameter (D) (echo Doppler) and mean blood velocity (MBV) (pulsed Doppler) was tested during rest and exercise. On 3 separate days, six volunteers performed one trial of 1-min rest followed by a step increase in dynamic handgrip exercise for 4 min ...
Klainman E - - 1996
It is well-known that many patients with coronary artery disease have reduced left ventricular diastolic distensibility with normal systolic function. However, researchers have to data focused on the diastolic rapid filling phase of the radionuclide volume curve in ischemic patients, paying less attention to the ensuing left ventricular filling associated ...
Chen J - - 1996
The relationship of combined rest and exercise electrocardiographic (ECG) repolarization abnormalities to left ventricular geometry and function was examined in 48 patients with asymptomatic chronic pure aortic regurgitation and no recent use of digitalis. Echocardiographic and radionuclide cineangiographic findings were compared in groups defined by the presence or absence of ...
Schulman S P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Although it has become clear that habitual exercise in older individuals can partially offset age-associated cardiovascular declines, it is not known whether the beneficial effects of exercise training in older individuals depend on their prior fitness level. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten sedentary men (S), age 60.0 +/- 1.6 years ...
Khattar R S - - 1996
The relative importance of prognostic parameters that delineate left ventricular function, myocardial ischemia, and arrhythmogenic potential after thrombolytic therapy is not clear. This study investigated 112 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were treated with thrombolysis to determine the relative prognostic value of predischarge treadmill exercise testing, radionuclide ventriculography, and ...
Reed C E - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Significant right ventricular (RV) dysfunction as measured by increased end-diastolic volume and reduced ejection fraction has been documented in the postoperative period after pulmonary resection. We hypothesized that changes in RV contractile state or afterload may contribute to this RV pump dysfunction. METHODS: In part one of the study, ...
Belardinelli R - - 1996
The aim of our study was to determine whether exercise training can augment left ventricular diastolic filling at rest and during exercise in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and whether any correlation exists between changes in diastolic filling and changes in exercise tolerance. Forty-three consecutive patients (mean age, 54 +/- 8 ...
Belardinelli R - - 1996
In the last decade, an inexpensive and simple noninvasive method (i.e., transthoracic electrical bioimpedance cardiography, has been tested in healthy subjects and patients with various heart disease for measuring stroke volume and cardiac output at rest and/or during exercise. However, the results are still controversial, especially when measurements are obtained ...
Lele S S - - 1996
We evaluated the role of rest and exercise left ventricular diastolic filling parameters as a marker of cardiotoxicity in 25 consecutive patients 1 year following BMT. Ten age- and sex-matched subjects served as controls. Patients were evaluated in toto and in three sub-groups according to chemotherapy. Left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Hara K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the after-effects on sympathetic nerve activity and calf and systemic haemodynamics of symptom-limited exercise in young patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. PATIENTS: 14 young patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (mean (SEM) age 35 (2) yr) and 17 healthy controls (age 29 (2) yr). METHODS: Blood pressure, muscle sympathetic nerve ...
Page E - - 1996
Results from this study showed that patients who underwent successful operation for transposition of the great arteries had no appropriate increase in stroke volume in response to exercise of a nature similar to common recreational activities. The impairment, most likely due to disturbances in both venous return and ventricular systolic ...
Attenhofer C H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare manifestations of myocardial ischemia evoked by exercise and dobutamine echocardiography in patients with left main coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: During exercise testing, left ventricular cavity dilation, marked ST segment depression and blood pressure decrease indicate severe coronary artery disease. Whether these signs are comparably ...
Cohen-Solal A - - 1996
Cardiomyoplasty is a surgical procedure aimed at assisting the left ventricle during ejection. We describe the long-term effects of cardiomyoplasty on peak exercise capacity, with serial assessments for up to 3 years after operation. Sixteen patients (12 in New York Heart Association class III and 4 in class IV) were ...
Sundberg S - - 1996
Short- and medium-term variability of impedance cardiography at rest and during exercise at a heart rate of 155-160 beats/min were assessed in 12 healthy men aged 21-28 years. Two consecutive measurements within 1 min were performed 4 times at 2-hour intervals on 2 days 14 days apart. Ejection fraction was ...
Lele S S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that diastolic filling abnormalities are an important cause of exercise limitation in some patients with coronary artery disease we assessed the factors limiting exercise capacity in a group of patients with coronary artery disease in whom exercise limitation was greater than expected from the degree ...
Choe K O - - 1996
A radioisotope first pass study was done on patients over a period of 1 to 15 years (average 4.6 years) after repair for ventricular septal defect or arterial septal defect with a left to right shunt. The age of the patients ranged from 6 to 32 years (average 14.2 year) ...
Di Bello V - - 1996
Aim of this study was to evaluate left ventricular function during exercise in 10 male elite runners and in 10 sedentary males. End-diastolic (EDV) and end-systolic volume (ESV), left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), early peak transmitral flow velocity (peak E), time-velocity integral of mitral inflow (m-TVI); mitral cross sectional area ...
Doat M - - 1996
We recently showed that Isradipine, a calcium antagonist from the dihydropyridine group, reduces ischemia and improves ventricular function at rest and during exercise, 2 hours after a single oral dose, in patients with chronic stable angina. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of long acting slow release oral ...
Oliver R M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary heart disease (PHD) may contribute to their reduced exercise capacity. We have evaluated the effect of subacute dosing with xamoterol, a beta-1 adrenoreceptor partial agonist with inotropic properties, on right ventricular function in patients with PHD. PATIENTS: Twelve patients with advanced ...
Foster C - - 1995
Despite extensive study of left ventricular (LV) function during incremental exercise (INC), there is little known about LV function during steady state exercise typical of that used during exercise training. In this study we evaluated LV ejection fraction (LVEF) during upright cycle ergometer exercise using first-pass radionuclide angiography (RNA). Healthy ...
Candinas R - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dP/dtmax has been used as a simple parameter for rate responsive pacing to simulate the normal sinus node function. However, the effect of acute myocardial ischemia on RV dP/dtmax has not yet been evaluated. METHODS: RV high fidelity pressure was measured in 21 patients at rest ...
Yano S - - 1995
Exercise first-pass radionuclide ventriculography provides valuable diagnostic and prognostic information in patients with coronary artery disease. In this procedure, motion correction of the images is commonly performed using a second external point source attached to the chest wall during exercise (dual-isotope method). Recently, a motion correction algorithm without an external ...
Benari B - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Peak treadmill exercise radionuclide ventriculography (RVG) with technetium 99m has recently been validated for determination of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, the repeatability of this technique for determination of both LVEF and regional wall motion has not been reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: Each of 27 clinically stable patients ...
Lim R - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The concept of "cardioprotection" based on ejection fraction was tested to see whether patients with coronary artery disease in whom medical treatment fails to be cardioprotective can be distinguished from those in whom it is safe to continue such treatment. BACKGROUND: Ejection fraction is of fundamental prognostic importance. Its ...
Foster C - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Treadmill testing is usually preferred over cycle ergometry because of the greater sensitivity in diagnosing coronary artery disease. Treadmill testing has only recently been used with radionuclide angiography (RNA) because patient motion makes RNA imaging difficult. In this study we evaluate the comparability of treadmill and cycle exercise RNA ...
Nóbrega A C - - 1995
The hemodynamic effects of reducing venous return were assessed beat by beat at the onset of upright dynamic exercise. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate, and left ventricular end-systolic (ESV) and end-diastolic volumes (EDV; two-dimensional echocardiography) were measured in 10 healthy men during 20-s trials of upright cycling (30 W; ...
Harrison D A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The clinical status and exercise assessment of adult patients late after the Fontan operation were reviewed to determine cardiovascular function. BACKGROUND: The Fontan operation is the final operation for many patients with tricuspid atresia or a single ventricle. Follow-up reports describe most patients to be in Canadian Cardiovascular Society ...
Oberman A - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to compare high- versus low-intensity exercise training on the change in echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) from rest to peak exercise. Sedentary men with coronary artery disease, aged 30 to 70 years, were randomized to dynamic exercise training of either low intensity, 50% ...
Otto A C - - 1995
In a study group of 20 healthy young men, splenic volume was determined with SPECT before and after exercise. A randomly chosen control group of 10 comparable men was studied similarly, but without exercise intervention. The mean splenic volume did not change significantly in the control group (i.e., from 292.9 ...
Morita S - - 1995
Ejection fraction is a major determinant of morbidity and mortality for patients with ischemic heart disease. Patients with an ejection fraction of 0.40 or less are generally recognized as having a poorer prognosis than those patients with an ejection fraction of 0.50 or better and remain a heterogeneous group. It ...
Schulman D S - - 1995
In hypertensive patients with hypertrophy, abnormal peak filling rate (PFR) is related to a decline in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) during supine exercise. Because an increased LV preload is more common during upright exercise, we determined this relation during upright and supine exercise. In 20 hypertensive patients, rest ...
Zaret B L - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prognostic value of rest and exercise left ventricular ejection fraction in patients receiving thrombolytic therapy as part of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) trial. BACKGROUND: In the prethrombolytic era, ejection fraction at rest as well as during exercise was an important prognostic ...
Yoshio H - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the effect of adenosine receptor blockade by aminophylline on cardiac functional reserve in patients with syndrome X. BACKGROUND: Aminophylline may have a potentially antiischemic effect through the inhibition of adenosine and, thus, the coronary steal phenomenon in patients with syndrome X. METHODS: A single-blind, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >