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Shapira Itzhak - - 2000
ISSUE: The immediate benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting may only be transient. Recent studies which showed that exercise radionuclide cineangiography studies may predict cardiac events and survival had evaluated post coronary artery bypass grafting patients of all ages. This prospective study was done on an elderly subgroup. METHODS: The ...
Sarubbi B - - 2000
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease. Measurement of physical activity is usually performed as a routine part of the patient's cardiac evaluation. The aim of this study was to examine the exercise performance of young patients operated on for tetralogy of Fallot, assessing ...
Mager G - - 2000
The results of this pilot study suggest that patients with a diminished ejection fraction as low as 16% can safely perform an exercise program. A significant improvement in peak VO2 and maximal work rate was achieved. Moreover, this study suggests that exercise training might diminish the severity of asymptomatic ventricular ...
Colao A - - 2000
GH and IGF-I seem to play a relevant role in cardiac development and performance. Long-standing GH deficiency (GHD) causes several abnormalities in cardiac structure and performance which ultimately determine an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To investigate whether the age of onset of GHD plays a role in determining the ...
Rowland T - - 2000
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular responses to exercise in highly trained child endurance athletes have not been well-defined. This study compared hemodynamic responses with progressive cycle exercise in seven competitive child cyclists (mean age 11.9 yr) compared with 39 age-matched untrained boys. METHODS: Doppler echocardiography and gas exchange variables were utilized to assess ...
Marzullo P - - 2000
Cardiac structure and function are affected both by acromegaly and hyperthyroidism. Whereas the former is mainly characterized by ventricular hypertrophy as well as diastolic and systolic impairment, the latter frequently leads to increased heart rate and enhancement of contractility and cardiac output. To further investigate this issue, we designed this ...
Hartleb M - - 2000
The aim of this study was to evaluate a usefulness of thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) in following adaptive haemodynamic adjustments to postural change and isometric exercise. Sixteen subjects with intact cardiovascular system took part in this study. Haemodynamic parameters were obtained in recumbency and after taking up erect posture. Besides, ...
Bol E - - 2000
In this study we analysed the all-cause mortality over a period of maximal 6 years in 60 male patients (age: 63.4+/-8.3 years, mean+/-S.D.), suffering from chronic heart failure with resting left ventricular ejection fraction and E/O2 slope as independent factors. We assessed functional NYHA class (II: n=36, III: n=24), radionuclide ...
Rowland T - - 2000
The cardiac responses to exercise are influenced by a complex interplay of changes in diastolic filling, intrinsic myocardial contractility, heart rate, and ventricular afterload. PURPOSE: To characterize these responses in children, findings are reported from two studies utilizing Doppler echocardiographic assessment of stroke volume and cardiac output during maximal upright ...
Zhao L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Exercise capacity is often limited in subjects with pectus excavatum (PE), but the mechanism is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We attempted to quantify exercise capacity and to investigate whether limitation of venous return to the heart contributes to exercise intolerance in PE. METHODS: A total of 13 patients with PE (mean ...
Bocian-Sobkowska J - - 2000
The aim of present, study was to describe adrenal volume, volumes of adrenocortical zones, and stroma volume in 40 adrenals obtained from children between 1st and 370th day during autopsy. The postnatal decrease in adrenal volume was caused mainly by rapid fall of fetal zone (FZ) volume (from 70 to ...
Bech J - - 1999
Left ventricular systolic function is reduced during episodes of silent ischaemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). In most normal subjects left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increases at least 5% during exercise whereas LVEF often remains unchanged or decreases in patients with CAD. The anti-ischaemic effect of calcium antagonists ...
Nussbacher A - - 1999
A reduction in upright exercise capacity with aging in healthy individuals is accompanied by acute left ventricular (LV) dilatation and impaired LV ejection. To determine whether acute vasodilator administration would improve LV ejection during exercise, sodium nitroprusside (NP) was administered to 16 healthy subjects, ages 64-84 yr, who had been ...
Vachiéry J L - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to investigate the haemodynamic response to dynamic exercise after heart-lung transplantation (HLT). Nine stable HLT recipients (6 males) were studied 12-55 months after transplantation. While sitting on a cycle ergometer, they first underwent a maximal symptom-limited exercise test (power increment was 10 W x ...
Mao S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the diagnostic value of response of left and right ventricular ejection fraction and wall motion to exercise using electron beam computed tomography. METHODS AND RESULTS: We attempted to determine the value of exercise electron beam computed tomography for detecting coronary artery disease, including evaluation of the right ...
Dong S J - - 1999
Shortening of oblique left ventricular (LV) fibers results in torsion. A unique relationship between volume and torsion is therefore expected, and the effects of load and contractility on torsion should be predictable. However, volume-independent behavior of torsion has been observed, and the effects of load on this deformation remain controversial. ...
Digenio A G - - 1999
PURPOSE: We evaluated the possible interaction between exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and abnormalities in left ventricular function in 72 patients with coronary artery disease at entry and upon discharge from a 6-month exercise training program. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with myocardial ischemia (MIS) defined by electrocardiographic and radionuclide imaging criteria constituted our ...
Kahaly G J - - 1999
Exertion symptoms occur frequently in subjects with hyperthyroidism. Using stress echocardiography, exercise capacity and global left ventricular function can be assessed noninvasively. To evaluate stress-induced changes in cardiovascular function, 42 patients with untreated thyrotoxicosis were examined using exercise echocardiography. Studies were performed during hyperthyroidism, after treatment with propranolol, and after ...
Rueca F - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to assess the possible relationship between maximal running speed, serum isoenzyme patterns of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and echocardiographic indices of left ventricular function. A group of 15 healthy, 3-year-old Maremmano stallions were given a 100 day training programme. At the ...
Hiraga A - - 1999
Three mature Thoroughbred horses were prepared surgically with ultrasonic sonomicrometer crystals affixed to their ventricular pericardia. Signals from crystals recorded dimensions of axes across the left ventricle. Cubic algorithms were fitted to dimensional data to generate volume estimates that matched stroke volumes simultaneously measured using the Fick principle. As horses ...
Ohuchi H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the clinical advantages of surgical correction with the morphologic left ventricle (MLV) instead of the morphologic right ventricle as a systemic ventricle (SV) in patients with congenital heart disease. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy control subjects (group A1), 6 patients with isolated congenitally corrected transposition of the ...
Topuzovińá N - - 1999
We studied the effect of correction of anemia with erythropoietin on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function at rest and exercise in 17 chronic hemodialysis patients by means of maximum exercise testing and equilibrium gated radionuclide angiocardiography on three occasions: 1) initial--before erythropoietin administration, 2) intermediate--at the time when the ...
Goodman J M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Training adaptations in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have been reported previously, but little is known about central and peripheral adaptations in those recovering from coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of endurance exercise training ...
Colao A - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of age and disease duration on cardiac performance in acromegaly. To address these issues, the left ventricular function at rest and during physical exercise was assessed by equilibrium radionuclide angiography in 40 rigorously selected patients with active acromegaly but without ...
Rifai N - - 1999
Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and troponin I (cTnI) are highly sensitive and specific for detecting myocardial damage even in the presence of skeletal muscle injury. In this study, we assessed whether ultraendurance exercise induced cardiomyocyte injury using plasma cTnT and cTnI measurements, quantitative echocardiographic wall-motion analysis, and ejection fraction measurement ...
Paul A K - - 1999
To elucidate the after-effect of exercise on left ventricular (LV) function, end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV) and ejection fraction (LVEF) were evaluated at 1 h after exercise and at rest by technetium-99m tetrofosmin gated myocardial single-photon emission tomography (SPET) using an automated program in 53 subjects. The subjects were ...
Metra M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We studied whether direct assessment of the hemodynamic response to exercise could improve the prognostic evaluation of patients with heart failure (HF) and identify those in whom the main cause of the reduced functional capacity is related to extracardiac factors. BACKGROUND: Peak exercise oxygen consumption (VO2) is one of ...
Damm S - - 1999
During the period 1979-92, 16 (15 men and one woman) sudden unexpected cardiac deaths occurred among young Swedish orienteers. This finding indicated a sharp increase in the death rate of orienteers, and necropsy demonstrated that myocarditis was a common histopathological finding. Therefore, an extensive non-invasive cardiac investigation was performed. A ...
de Lorgeril M - - 1999
Previous studies suggested that certain lipid-lowering drugs such as statins suppress ubiquinone, affect mitochondrial function, and may have deleterious effect on skeletal or cardiac muscles with potentially serious clinical consequences, especially in patients with established coronary heart disease and left ventricular dysfunction. In this double-blind study, we assessed the effects ...
Paul M H - - 1999
Exercise evaluation studies of patients after atrial repair surgery for transposition of the great arteries, as in tetralogy of Fallot, represent only a small fraction of the 3970 Medline references (1966 to mid-1997) concerning this congenital heart lesion. We have abstracted data from 27 studies from 20 institutions reporting on ...
Rowland T - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to understand the expected hemodynamic responses to exercise in children and adolescents with myocardial dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: With the use of Doppler and M-mode echocardiography, cardiovascular changes during maximal semisupine exercise in 11 patients (7 to 17 years old) with myocardial dysfunction ...
Jensen-Urstad M - - 1998
Left ventricular function in elite runners and controls was compared by means of nuclear angiocardiography. Fifteen middle- or long-distance runners and a control group of 10 sedentary to moderately physically active subjects were studied at rest and during semi-sitting incremental exercise. Ejection fraction was higher in the runners than the ...
Quigg R - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Patients undergoing orthotopic cardiac transplantation manifest reduced exercise capacity during the first postoperative year, which is related primarily to chronotropic incompetence of the denervated heart. To determine whether exercise capacity improves during the long term after transplantation, we prospectively studied 45 patients from 1 month to 6 ...
Miyairi T - - 1998
Eight patients, 9.1 to 16.5 years of age, were studied 2.8 to 8.5 years after Fontan operation. Oxygen utilization was determined during upright bicycle exercise. The cardiac index and stroke index were measured by echocardiography and the anaerobic threshold was determined. The results were compared with 10 patients after surgical ...
Gawlinski A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with a low ejection fraction may be vulnerable to decreased mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) resulting from position change. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the effects of changes in positioning on SvO2 in critically ill patients with a low ejection fraction (< ...
Haley J H - - 1998
This study examines the long-term prognosis of patients with an abnormal exercise radionuclide angiogram in the absence of significant angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD). In general, patients without significant CAD have an excellent prognosis, but the long-term outcome for the subset of patients with an "ischemic" exercise test is not ...
Güleç S - - 1998
Relationship between maximal exercise tolerance and resting indexes of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function were evaluated in 35 men, aged 55.1 +/- 10.4 years, with dilated cardiomyopathy. Clinical diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy was confirmed with M-mode echocardiography (M-mode echocardiographic end-diastolic dimension >55 mm, fractional shortening <25%, increased E point ...
Hagberg J M - - 1998
To determine whether expanded intravascular volumes contribute to the older athlete's higher exercise stroke volume and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max), we measured peak upright cycle ergometry cardiac volumes (99mTc ventriculography) and plasma (125I-labeled albumin) and red cell (NaCr51) volumes in 7 endurance-trained and 12 age-matched lean sedentary men. The ...
Vassiliadis I V - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Transient ischemic episodes at rest in patients with coronary artery disease have been attributed to mental stress. The means to monitor and record cardiac function changes due to mental stress is now available by utilizing the nuclear VEST. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight, patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease ...
Klainman E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing with multigated acquisition technetium radionuclide cineangiography (MUGA) is a useful modality that can discriminate systolic and diastolic performance in patients with ischemic heart disease. However, some patients may have abnormal left ventricular filling dynamics with normal regional and global systolic function. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the study ...
Goebbels U - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is recommended after myocardial infarction (MI) or bypass surgery in order to improve exercise tolerance. In some patients, the decrement in exercise capacity secondary to deconditioning and the left ventricular stunning associated with MI or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) spontaneously improves after the event. However, the ...
Cohen-Solal A - - 1998
We assessed the ventricular-arterial coupling at peak exercise in 20 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction, 27+/-12%) and 7 normal subjects by radionuclide ventriculography during exercise, coupled with respiratory gas analysis. The end-systolic pressure-volume ratio, taken as an index of contractility, and the effective arterial elastance were calculated at rest ...
Thomson H L - - 1998
1. The aim of this study was to determine if there is impaired reflex venoconstriction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and whether this is related to a history of syncope or exercise hypotension. 2. Thirty percent of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have exercise-induced hypotension associated with a failure of arteriolar ...
Gosselink A T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated the prognostic value of radionuclide ventriculography at rest and exercise in patients post myocardial infarction (MI). The number of studies in patients treated with modern reperfusion techniques, including thrombolysis or primary angioplasty, however, is limited. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Koelling T M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This study sought to define clinical predictors of survival in patients under consideration for heart transplantation and demonstrate possible improvements in the prediction of outcome when considering the identified predictors in addition to peak oxygen consumption. Peak oxygen consumption is currently the most important criterion for determining the timing ...
Gullestad L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the predictive value of variables obtained from serial maximal exercise testing, echocardiography, and ejection fraction in patients referred as potential heart transplant candidates. BACKGROUND: Variables such as peak VO2, left ventricular dimensions, ejection fraction, and hemodynamic measurements are known to predict prognosis in heart ...
Nugent A M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The hemodynamic, respiratory, and metabolic responses to exercise were studied in IDDM patients and control subjects to detect diabetic cardiomyopathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight subjects aged 25-40 years with diabetes of at least 10 years' duration were compared with eight control subjects aged 21-46 years. All subjects underwent ...
Mizuno H - - 1997
We assessed the reliability of a continuous ambulatory radionuclide monitoring system (the VEST system, Capintec, Inc., Ramsey, NJ) for measurement of left ventricular performance during exercise in the upright and supine positions. METHODS: Sixteen healthy male volunteers (aged 32-46 yr; mean age 37 +/- 4 yr) were studied. All volunteers ...
Leischik R R University of Essen, Cardiology Department, - - 1997
Despite the widespread use of stress echocardiography, its reproducibility is still limited by high interobserver variability. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to improve the reproducibility of a stress (exercise) echocardiography using a new transpulmonary ultrasound agent (BY 963). Stress echocardiography was performed in 12 healthy volunteers with ...
Giannuzzi P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Exercise is currently recommended for patients after myocardial infarction; however, the effects of regular exercise on the remodeling process remain to be defined. The aim of this multicenter, randomized study was to investigate whether a long-term physical training program influences left ventricular size and function in postinfarction patients with ...
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