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Johnson Brian F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine whether treatment with an aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) has beneficial effects on asymptomatic cardiac abnormalities in diabetic patients with neuropathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Diabetic subjects with neuropathy (n = 81) with either a low diastolic peak filling rate or impaired ...
Kihara Shin'ichiro - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Continuous flow left ventricular assist systems (LVAS) are being discussed as a destination therapy. LVAS patients will have expanded activity of daily life, including exercise. In this study, we analyzed the effects of exercise on blood flow in the distal thoracic aorta of LVAD implanted animals. METHODS: Five calves ...
Pedersen Palle Møller - - 2004
AIM: To determine the types, severity and evolution of aphasia in unselected, acute stroke patients and evaluate potential predictors for language outcome 1 year after stroke. METHODS: 270 acute stroke patients with aphasia (203 with first-ever strokes) were included consecutively and prospectively from three hospitals in Copenhagen, Denmark, and assessed ...
Nodari Savina - - 2003
We compared the effects of 6 months administration of atenolol or nebivolol on resting and exercise hemodynamic parameters and maximal exercise capacity, in 26 patients with hypertension and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (ejection fraction >50%, end-diastolic diameter <60 mm and increased pulmonary wedge pressure at rest and/or at peak ...
Rowland T - - 2003
The influence of body position on cardiac responses to progressive exercise was examined in 13 healthy circumpubertal boys. The subjects (mean age 12.5 +/- 1.4 y) performed a progressive cycle test with an identical protocol in the sitting and supine positions. Stroke volume and left ventricular dimensions were assessed with ...
Cnota James F - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study compared cardiac hemodynamics during supine cycle ergometry and dobutamine stress. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy volunteers (19 female, 13 male, 23.5 +/- 3.5 yr old) completed respective tests on separate days and in random order. Heart rate, blood pressure, and cardiac output were recorded at baseline and peak stress. ...
Brenta Gabriela - - 2003
Hypothyroidism is associated with intrinsic myocardial changes reflected by alterations in contractility and relaxation. Diastolic function, however, rather than systolic cardiac function, seems to be mostly impaired by thyroid hormone deprivation. Our aim was to evaluate diastolic function at rest and during maximal exercise by means of radionuclide ventriculography in ...
Sundstedt M - - 2003
AIM: The primary objective of the study was to measure the relative left ventricular volumes and the changes in left ventricular ejection fraction during supine position from rest to exercise in young endurance athletes. The secondary objective was to examine if there were gender differences regarding the volume reply and ...
Koizumi Tomomi - - 2003
A growing body of evidence suggests that walking reduces the incidence of coronary events, so the present study investigated whether walking influences left ventricular function in 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who had undergone successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The patients were randomly assigned to either a 3-month ...
Ciampi Quirino - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We assessed the hemodynamic effects of isometric exercise by an ambulatory radionuclide monitoring device (VEST) that measured left ventricular function in patients who had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), with and without significant left ventricular outflow-tract obstruction at rest, compared with control subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 10 patients with ...
Nagata Mitsuru - - 2003
BACKGROUND: An abnormal blood pressure response (BPR) during exercise has been proposed as a risk factor for sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Some patients with HCM show systolic dysfunction during exercise. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to clarify the hemodynamic response during exercise and ...
Boutcher Stephen H - - 2003
Stroke volume response of trained cyclists (n = 10; Trained), active but untrained men (n = 10; Active), and sedentary men (n = 10; Sedentary) was determined by impedance cardiography during cycle ergometer exercise. For the Trained, at a heart rate of 90 beats. min(-1), stroke volume increased by 27% ...
Dziuk Mirosław A - - 2003
The effect of adenosine and exercise on gated SPET left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), end diastolic volume (EDV) and end systolic volume (ESV) has not been fully investigated. The aim of the study was to compare functional measurements obtained in one-day adenosine rest and two-day stress-rest protocols in relation to ...
Myers Jonathan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is now an accepted component of the therapeutic regimen in patients with heart failure and underlying ischemia, but few data are available on the effects of training in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (mean age 55 +/- 9 years, mean ejection fraction 26.6% +/- ...
Vinereanu Dragos - - 2002
In order to determine left ventricular global and regional myocardial functional reserve in endurance-trained and strength-trained athletes, and to identify predictors of exercise capacity, we studied 18 endurance-trained and 11 strength-trained athletes with left ventricular hypertrophy (172+/-27 and 188+/-39 g/m(2) respectively), and compared them with 14 sedentary controls. Global systolic ...
Warburton Darren E R - - 2002
Recent evidence indicates that endurance-trained athletes are able to increase their stroke volume (SV) throughout incremental upright exercise, probably due to a progressively greater effect of the Frank-Starling mechanism. This is contrary to the widely held belief that SV reaches a plateau at a submaximal heart rate (irrespective of fitness ...
Durando M M - - 2002
Thorough evaluation of myocardial function remains difficult to evaluate under exercising conditions. This study described right ventricular (RV) pressure dynamics during and immediately following exercise. Nine Thoroughbreds without evidence of cardiac disease completed treadmill exercise at 110% of the speed necessary to elicit VO2max while RV pressures were recorded. RV ...
Mundhenke M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transaortic subvalvular myectomy (TSM) reduces left ventricular outflow tract gradient and improves symptoms and working capacity in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Nevertheless, TSM does not completely restore normal ventricular function, and some patients complain of symptoms despite optimal surgical results. Abnormal myocardial collagen structure in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ...
Ciampi Quirino - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the hemodynamics of exercise in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), with and without an exercise-induced abnormal blood pressure (BP) response, by ambulatory radionuclide monitoring of left ventricular (LV) function with the VEST device (Capintec Inc., Ramsey, New Jersey). BACKGROUND: Blood pressure fails to increase >20 ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2002
Acromegaly has relevant effects on the cardiovascular system, but few data deal with the early effects of GH and IGF-I excess. To study the early stage of acromegalic cardiomyopathy and give indirect evidence of the mechanisms underlying GH and IGF-I action on the human heart, 25 patients with uncomplicated acromegaly ...
Roest Arno A W - - 2002
PURPOSE: To assess the responses of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) and biventricular function to submaximal exercise by using a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging exercise protocol with young adult patients who underwent tetralogy of Fallot repair at a young age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with corrected tetralogy of Fallot (mean age, ...
Nottin Stéphane - - 2002
PURPOSE: Stroke volume response to exercise depends on changes in cardiac filling, intrinsic myocardial contractility, and left ventricular afterload. The purpose of this study was to compare these responses during an upright cycle test performed until exhaustion in children and adults. METHODS: Stroke volume, cardiac output (Doppler echocardiography), left ventricular ...
Klainman Eliezer - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare the oxygen pulse curve (O(2)P-C) as measured during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) rest-exercise response as measured by multigated equilibrium (99m)Tc radionuclide cineangiography (MUGA) in patients with different degrees of ischemic heart disease (IHD). PATIENTS: Forty-six patients (39 men and ...
Felix Stephan B - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate whether immunoadsorption (IA) removes cardiodepressant antibodies from the plasma of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), as well as to describe their effects on isolated rat cardiomyocytes. BACKGROUND: Immunoadsorption induces early hemodynamic improvement in patients with DCM. The mechanisms for this improvement ...
Mineo Tommaso C - - 2002
Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) can improve the functional capacity of selected patients with severe emphysema. Hypothesized physiologic effects of LVRS include an improvement in right ventricular function, although this has not been investigated in detail. To help clarify this issue, we used fast-thermistor thermodilution at rest and during submaximal ...
Bai Jingming - - 2002
A 44-year-old male patient complaining of severe headache right after twisting his body during aerobic exercises in a swimming pool underwent In-111 DTPA radionuclide cisternography. Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was proved on the right side of T2 and T3 vertebrae. Cisternography after bed and conservative treatments demonstrated the disappearance ...
Kelion A D - - 2002
The "warm up" effect in angina may represent ischaemic preconditioning, which is mediated by adenosine A(1) receptors in most models. To investigate the effect of a selective A(1) agonist, GR79236 (GlaxoSmithKline), on exercise induced angina and ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. A double blind crossover ...
Kan Y M - - 2001
HYPOTHESIS: Because more than two thirds of patients with venous ulcer have an impaired calf muscle pump, enhancement of its ejecting ability with physical training may generate an improved hemodynamic milieu sufficient to promoting ulcer healing. This study evaluated the effects of short-term supervised calf exercise on calf muscle pump ...
Hannan M A - - 2001
A prospective study was contemplated with 155 patients of acute stroke in the Department of Neurology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, from March 1996 to February 1997. The objective of the study was to find out seasonal variation of stroke occurrence. An attempt was also made to find ...
Wong F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Impaired exercise capacity and oxygen consumption are common in cirrhosis. AIM: To explore the relationship between possible myocardial dysfunction and exercise tolerance in cirrhosis. METHODS: Cardiac responses to exercise, using radionuclide angiography and graded upright cycle ergometry with oxygen consumption, were assessed before and after exercise in 39 cirrhotics ...
Hechter S J - - 2001
Most patients with the Mustard procedure are now adults. To date, however, there have been few reports on resting and exercise hemodynamics in a large population of adults with this circulation. The aim of this study is to describe such parameters in one of the largest and oldest populations of ...
Goodman J M - - 2001
We assessed left ventricular systolic and diastolic performance during and after prolonged exercise under controlled conditions in a group of healthy, trained men. Previous studies have examined the effects of prolonged effort on left ventricular function, yet it remains unclear whether or not left ventricular dysfunction (e.g. cardiac fatigue) can ...
Colao A - - 2001
Acromegalic patients are considered to be exposed to a doubled mortality rate, mostly for cardiovascular diseases. This open prospective study was designed to evaluate whether the impairment of cardiac performance could be reversed by the long-term suppression of GH and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels. Eighteen patients with active ...
Matsushita T - - 2001
To evaluate the heart rate recovery, submaximal exercise, echocardiographic examination, and Holter monitoring were performed on 30 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and 11 controls. The time constant of heart rate decline after exercise was calculated. Spectral analysis was performed on Holter recordings. The time constant did not correlate with heart ...
Shimizu M - - 2001
Left ventricular function and blood pressure responses were evaluated in 56 patients with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and 12 control subjects by using a radionuclide ventricular function monitor during supine ergometer exercise. Patients with HCM were divided into 2 groups: (i) group A had no decrease in ejection fraction (EF) ...
Roest A A - - 2001
Simultaneous assessment of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) response to exercise is limited with the current imaging modalities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques are now under development that allow near real-time evaluation of biventricular function under physical stress. This approach may open new avenues to study heart function ...
Hattori N - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to validate the measurement of global and regional left ventricular cardiac function with ECG-gated fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) by comparison with the corresponding indices from X-ray left ventriculography (LVG). Twenty-six patients (23 men, 3 women, mean age 60.4 years) underwent LVG ...
Clements I P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To further characterize the effects of heart rate on systolic and diastolic function in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), it was hypothesized that the relationship between heart rate and left ventricular systolic and diastolic function would be unaltered by beta-blockade and exercise. METHODS: Eighteen patients with IDCM were ...
Burger W - - 2001
When right ventricular (RV) afterload is abnormally increased, it correlates inversely with right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF). We tested, whether this would be different with normal afterload. Additionally, we investigated whether previous studies on the slope of RV preload recruitable stroke work (SW) relation, which used rather non-physiological measures to ...
Moore A D AD - - 2001
Previous investigators have suggested that maximal exercise performed 24 h before the end of bed rest, a spaceflight analog, restores prebed rest plasma volume, baroreflex responses, and orthostatic tolerance. PURPOSE: In this case report, we examined the effect of a similar exercise protocol 24 h before a Shuttle landing on ...
Perings S M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Since the development of a Swan-Ganz thermodilution ejection fraction catheter several studies have been published which compare this technique for obtaining right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF(TD)) with alternative methods. However, the reliability of RVEF(TD) measurements under exercise conditions remains undetermined. Therefore, the aim of the present study was a ...
Boyd-Clark L C - - 2000
We describe for the first time application of unbiased stereological techniques to estimate total volume and volume fractions of interest in individual dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Volume estimates were obtained using a two-stage sampling design. Sections were systematically sampled following a random start, from DRG which were embedded in methacrylate ...
Derrick G P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Impaired right ventricular function has been implicated as a cause of reduced maximal exercise capacity after the Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen asymptomatic survivors of the Mustard operation were studied. Each underwent conventional cardiac catheterization, and after satisfactory hemodynamics were confirmed, load-independent ...
Rowland Thomas - - 2000
Insight into the cardiac responses to exercise necessitates an understanding of both physiological data and cardiac dimensional changes. This study was designed to assess cardiovascular alterations during progressive upright cycle exercise in ten healthy 10-12-year-old boys. Doppler echocardiography was used to estimate stroke volume, and 2-dimensional echocardiography was used to ...
Tabet J Y - - 2000
AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to compare the prognostic value of the mitral inflow pattern and peak oxygen uptake in patients with systolic heart failure. BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake is a major prognostic parameter in heart failure. It is not known whether a restrictive mitral inflow pattern ...
Chollet D - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of drafting behind another swimmer on the metabolic response and stroke characteristics. Six highly trained male triathletes performed two maximal 400-m swims, one in a drafting (D) and one in a non-drafting condition (ND). Their metabolic response was assessed by ...
Schmidt-Schweda S - - 2000
In the failing human myocardium, both impaired calcium homoeostasis and alterations in the levels of contractile proteins have been observed, which may be responsible for reduced contractility as well as diastolic dysfunction. In addition, levels of a key protein in calcium cycling, i.e. the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, and of the ...
Heldal M - - 2000
Coronary heart disease and beta-blocker treatment can increase the use of the Frank-Starling mechanism during exercise. The aim of the study was to assess whether this could be influenced by physical training. Male patients on beta-blocker treatment after myocardial infarction were randomised to four weeks of training (ET, n = ...
Katz S D - - 2000
Systemic oxygen uptake and deep femoral vein oxygen content were determined at peak exercise in 53 patients with chronic heart failure with impaired systolic function (mean left ventricular ejection fraction 0.18; n = 41) or preserved systolic function (mean left ventricular ejection fraction 0.70; n = 12) and in 6 ...
Shapira Itzhak - - 2000
ISSUE: The immediate benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting may only be transient. Recent studies which showed that exercise radionuclide cineangiography studies may predict cardiac events and survival had evaluated post coronary artery bypass grafting patients of all ages. This prospective study was done on an elderly subgroup. METHODS: The ...
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