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Results 501 - 550 of 860
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Latham R D - - 1987
Simultaneous right- and left-sided cardiac high-fidelity hemodynamic measurements were obtained at rest and supine exercise during cardiac catheterization in 27 patients (mean age 32 +/- 10 years) with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy to investigate the hemodynamic exercise response and possible mechanisms for the wide variation in exercise tolerance observed clinically. There ...
Cornyn J W - - 1987
To assess the variability of rest and exercise radionuclide ventriculography in patients with aortic regurgitation (AR), 22 patients in stable condition with chronic AR underwent radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise for measurement of left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction (EF) on 2 occasions 3 months apart. For the ...
Mazzotta G - - 1987
The relation between exercise left ventricular ejection fraction and blood pressure (BP) responses after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was investigated. Twenty-eight to 37 days after an uncomplicated AMI, 224 consecutive patients underwent exercise radionuclide angiography in the 40 degrees semisupine position. In 180 patients (group A, 80%), BP increased ...
Renlund D G - - 1987
Studies of the effect of age on cardiac function during exercise are confounded by the increasing prevalence of disease and sedentary lifestyle that accompany aging and by the lack of techniques to clearly distinguish between the contribution of changes in central circulatory and peripheral factors to the age-related alterations in ...
Kuo L C - - 1987
We investigated the factors that determine the left ventricular ejection fraction response to exercise in 57 middle-aged, untrained patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries. The ejection fraction was measured by blood pool radionuclide angiography during each stage of exercise. Stepwise regression analysis was applied to 39 variables, and the resulting ...
Kligfield P - - 1987
The exercise ECGs of 30 patients with pure aortic regurgitation (AR) were compared with functional and geometric variables measured by echocardiography and radionuclide cineangiography. The 10 patients with positive ECG responses to exercise (greater than or equal to 0.1 mV additional downsloping or horizontal ST segment depression) were similar to ...
Salmasi A M - - 1987
Using the continuous-wave Doppler technique of transcutaneous aortovelography (TAV), aortic blood velocity was measured in 66 normal individuals at rest and during maximum voluntary supine exercise. Stroke distance (the systolic velocity integral: a measure of stroke volume), minute distance (a measure of cardiac output=stroke distance times heart rate) and peak ...
Gerstenblith G - - 1987
Measurements of cardiac performance for humans at various ages is influenced by the variable examined, the population and techniques employed, and the factors that co-vary with age, including the presence of disease and physical conditioning. Interstudy differences in the extent to which occult coronary disease is present in older subjects ...
Lahiri A - - 1987
The effects of a new vasodilating beta-blocking drug, carvedilol, were studied in 20 patients with chronic stable angina using a single-blind, placebo-controlled protocol. Two doses of carvedilol, 25 mg twice daily and 50 mg twice daily, were compared with placebo using analysis of variance. The study design consisted of 2 ...
Kussmaul W G - - 1987
To characterize the abnormal pattern of instantaneous left ventricular (LV) ejection in heart failure, proximal aortic pressure, flow, acceleration, power and dW/dt were measured at rest and during supine bicycle exercise using high-fidelity, catheter-mounted pressure and velocity sensors in 16 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) and 11 normal control ...
Favaro L - - 1987
Clinical, electrocardiographic, and scintigraphic data were reviewed from 32 patients (18 men and 14 women) who had syndrome X (chest pain, evidence of ischaemia, and normal coronary arteries without coronary vasospasm). The mean (SD) resting left ventricular ejection fraction, determined by first pass radionuclide angiography was 62.6 (9.2)% and was ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1987
This study examined the effects of beta blockade with betaxolol, a cardioselective, lipid-soluble, beta-adrenergic-blocking agent, on rest and exercise systolic and diastolic left ventricular function in 15 patients, aged 40 to 70 years (mean = 52), with chronic stable angina pectoris. Each patient underwent three upright exercise studies at identical ...
Cotsamire D L - - 1987
Twenty-one normal young male subjects underwent resting and exercise (bicycle) radionuclide angiography in the full supine and 70 degrees upright tilt positions in order to examine the effects of position on left ventricular size and performance, hemodynamics, and exercise duration. All subjects also underwent full (90 degrees) upright bicycle ergometry ...
Handler C E - - 1987
We have compared the prognostic value of a predischarge post-infarction QRS score derived at rest and at submaximal exercise with ejection fraction measured by gated radionuclide left ventriculography in 65 patients. Seventeen patients died or had heart failure (group 1) and 48 were well or had angina (group 2) six ...
Adams K F - - 1987
The performance of normal subjects during radionuclide ventriculography has been related to age, but the combined effects of age and sex on exercise ventricular function are not well described. We studied 55 normal volunteers, 27 men (age = 30 +/- 10 years) and 28 women (age = 33 +/- 14 ...
Kelbaek H - - 1987
Eight healthy young subjects (6 men, 2 women) entered a controlled investigation of left ventricular (LV) function during alcohol intoxication and autonomic nervous blockade. Radionuclide cardiography was performed at rest and during upright 50% submaximal bicycle exercise. During alcohol intoxication alone (serum ethanol 30 mmol/liter), heart rate at rest increased ...
Kelbaek H - - 1987
Physical work capacity was evaluated by a multistage bicycle exercise test in 29 patients, 22 men and seven women aged 35-61 years (mean 49) with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and in a sex- and age-matched control group. The maximal work load was reduced in the patient group, mean 122 vs. 186 ...
Martin W H WH - - 1987
Central and peripheral cardiovascular adaptations to 12 weeks of intense swim training were characterized in 12 previously sedentary middle-aged men and women. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2) during upright bicycle exercise improved from 29.2 +/- 5.6 to 34.7 +/- 6.7 ml/kg/min (mean +/- SD, p less than .01) because of similar ...
Mehdirad A A - - 1987
The relationship of regional and global left ventricular function to aortic flow dynamics during exercise was determined in 14 normal subjects and 14 patients with coronary artery disease. Doppler and two-dimensional echocardiographic studies were performed before, during, and immediately after an exercise test by the Bruce protocol. Two-dimensional echocardiography was ...
Mann D L - - 1987
Existing studies suggest that exercise-induced ischemia produces an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume; however, all of these studies have included patients with previous myocardial infarction. To test whether the end-diastolic volume response to exercise is related to the extent of myocardial scar, the results of gated radionuclide supine exercise ...
Sievert H - - 1987
24 patients suffering from a mild cardiomyopathy with normal or nearly normal ejection fraction and histologic evidence of cardiac fiber hypertrophy were followed-up over 5.5 +/- 1.9 years. Patients presented predominantly with dyspnea, angina and palpitations. During the observation period, the severity of symptoms increased only slightly. The ECG showed ...
Groundstroem K - - 1987
In order to study the validity of non-invasive assessment of left ventricular response to isometric exercise, 21 subjects with chest pain, but without any cardiac abnormalities performed an isometric handgrip test during cardiac catheterization, M-mode echocardiography and radionuclide angiography. Fourteen of the subjects were suitable for comparison of all the ...
Christopoulos D G - - 1987
Leg volume changes during exercise have been measured in absolute units (milliliters) by means of a new method of air-plethysmography. Venous volume (VV), venous filling time, and venous filling index on standing from the recumbent position, ejected volume (EV) and ejection fraction (EF = EV x 100/VV) with one tiptoe ...
Földes J - - 1987
For revealing whether cardiac performance is changed in subclinical hypothyroidism, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), a value characterizing left ventricular function, was studied in this clinical state. The results were compared to those obtained in euthyroid subjects and patients with overt hypothyroidism. In a part of subclinical cases, there ...
Greminger P - - 1987
In the present study 12 patients with severe chronic heart failure (7 with dilated cardiomyopathy and 5 with ischaemic heart disease) underwent right heart catheterization at rest and during isometric exercise by handgrip before and 6 months after treatment with captopril (mean dose 2 X 39.6 mg/day) while concomitant digitalis ...
Nakai Y - - 1987
The effects of physical exercise training after coronary artery bypass grafting on recovery of cardiac function and graft patency were studied in 115 patients. The patients were divided into Group I (N = 60) with and Group II (N = 55) without a scheduled rehabilitation program. The rate of graft ...
Bassand J P - - 1987
The influence of left ventricular volume variations and regurgitant fraction variations upon left ventricular ejection fraction during exercise was examined using equilibrium radionuclide angiography in patients suffering from aortic regurgitation. Ejection fraction (EF), regurgitant fraction (RF), end diastolic volume (EDV) and end systolic volume (ESV) variations from rest to peak ...
Markiewicz K - - 1987
Left-ventricular systolic time intervals measured at rest and after submaximal exercise were analysed in 156 patients with positive exercise test results and in 219 healthy volunteers with negative exercise test results. The patients were suffering with high probability, from coronary heart disease. The healthy subjects as well as the patients ...
Rämö P - - 1987
To investigate the effects of endurance training on myocardial performance seven beagle dogs (exercise group, EG) were trained by treadmill running for 6-7 wk. Before and after experimental period the EG and control group (CG, n = 7) underwent a standard submaximal exercise test (SMT), and hemodynamic status was checked ...
Schaffer M S - - 1987
Supine exercise equilibrium radionuclide right ventriculography was performed in 13 children (8-18 years) with hypercholesterolemia. Phase analysis was used to construct right ventricular regions of interest, and a peri-right ventricular region was used for background correction. Right ventricular ejection fraction at rest and exercise was 50.5 +/- 9.2% and 61.5 ...
Rubinstein I - - 1986
We performed postexercise two-dimensional echocardiography in 21 patients with sarcoidosis but no signs of ischemic heart disease and in 24 normal control subjects. This was done to assess global and regional left-ventricular (LV) function and to try to identify the presence of occult myocardial involvement among sarcoidosis patients. All 21 ...
Plotnick G D - - 1986
To evaluate the extent to which the Frank-Starling mechanism is utilized during successive stages of vigorous upright exercise, absolute left ventricular end-diastolic volume and ejection fraction were determined by gated blood pool scintigraphy at rest and during multilevel maximal upright bicycle exercise in 30 normal males aged 26-50 yr, who ...
Palmeri S T - - 1986
The role of rest and exercise radionuclide angiography (RNA) in predicting the cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin was assessed prospectively in 48 patients who received a mean total doxorubicin dose of 522 mg/m2 (range 480 to 600). Thirty-three of these patients also received cyclophosphamide (mean 5,220 mg/m2). Left ventricular (LV) ejection ...
Detrano R - - 1986
In order to test the comparative sensitivities of first-pass radionuclide and digital subtraction ventriculography in detecting wall motion abnormalities during exercise, 29 patients referred for coronary angiography were submitted to both types of stress ventriculograms. Resting and exercise ventriculograms by both techniques were reviewed by independent observers and the five ...
Margonato A - - 1986
Heart rate, blood pressure, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured by means of Au 195 m first-pass angiocardiography, during maximal supine bicycle exercise in 20 young asymptomatic patients with insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD) (10 retinopathic and 10 uncomplicated) and in 10 control subjects. Five patients with retinopathic IDD also ...
Ehsani A A - - 1986
To determine whether prolonged, intense exercise training can improve left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease, we studied 25 patients, 52 +/- 2 years old (mean +/- SE), who completed a 12 month program of endurance exercise training and 14 additional patients with comparable maximal exercise capacities and ...
Plotnick G D - - 1986
To characterize the hemodynamic changes during recovery after upright bicycle exercise, 56 normal subjects (group I) and 30 patients with documented myocardial ischemia (group II) were studied. Heart rate, blood pressure and radionuclide angiographically determined absolute left ventricular (LV) volumes were measured at baseline, peak exercise and 2 to 4.5 ...
Benson L N - - 1986
Eight asymptomatic patients (mean age 19 years, range 7 to 32) with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) underwent equilibrium gated radionuclide angiocardiography at rest and during supine bicycle exercise to assess systemic (morphologic right) and pulmonary (morphologic left) ventricular function. Five patients had normal intracardiac hemodynamic values, ...
Mazzotta G - - 1986
To assess the usefulness of a step by step evaluation of exercise left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), 219 consecutive patients with recent uncomplicated myocardial infarction and 30 normal subjects underwent a symptom-limited cycloergometer test followed by exercise radionuclide ventriculography (ExRNV). LVEF was monitored throughout the whole test. 49 patients underwent ...
Kimball B P - - 1986
To evaluate ventricular performance and myocardial contractility after surgical correction of congenital coarctation of the aorta, we studied 25 patients (16 men and 9 women, mean age 26.1 years [range 19 to 34]), an average of 10.6 years (range 2 to 25) after repair. Radionuclide ventriculography at rest and exercise ...
Iskandrian A S - - 1986
Radionuclide angiographic evaluation of LV performance at rest and during exercise in patients with AR have shown that an abnormal EF response to exercise may be observed in asymptomatic patients with normal resting LV function. The EF response to exercise has been correlated with a number of clinical and exercise ...
Martin W - - 1986
The complex geometry of the right ventricle makes the use of radionuclides an attractive method for assessing right ventricular function. The use of the gated 133Xe technique for this purpose offers several advantages. A short i.v. infusion over 20 sec of 133Xe permits scans to be obtained, gated to the ...
Jones R I - - 1986
Both isometric exercise and cold stress have been suggested as alternatives to dynamic exercise for the detection of obstructive coronary artery disease. A non-imaging nuclear probe was used to measure left ventricular ejection fraction and relative left ventricular volumes continuously during both of these stress tests in 24 normal subjects. ...
Kelbaek H - - 1986
Radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular volume changes and plasma catecholamines were recorded in six healthy untrained male subjects at rest and during upright exercise at increasing work loads. During mild submaximal exercise mean left ventricular ejection fraction increased 10% because of end-diastolic dilation, while a further 4% increase ...
Caplin J L - - 1986
Serial changes in left ventricular function on exercise were assessed by first pass radionuclide angiography with gold-195m (half life 30.5 s) in 25 men with known coronary anatomy. In the seven patients with three vessel disease, abnormalities of global left ventricular function and regional wall motion occurred earlier during exercise, ...
O'Hara M J - - 1986
The high count sensitivity of the non-imaging nuclear probe affords the possibility of measuring left ventricular ejection fraction continuously during short term interventions. The nuclear probe was used to examine the pattern of change of left ventricular function during dynamic exercise and its temporal relation to ST segment depression in ...
Rubal B J - - 1986
This study compares the left ventricular performance of chronically conditioned pentathletes (N = 10) with less-conditioned subjects (N = 10) during dynamic upright exercise. The pentathletes were found to have a superior treadmill performance [24 +/- 4 vs 17 +/- 2 min (SD), P less than 0.01], reduced resting heart ...
Higginbotham M B - - 1986
To characterize the hemodynamic factors that regulate stroke volume during upright exercise in normal man, 24 asymptomatic male volunteers were evaluated by simultaneous right heart catheterization, radionuclide angiography, and expired gas analysis during staged upright bicycle exercise to exhaustion. From rest to peak exercise, oxygen consumption increased from 0.33 to ...
Schoen H R - - 1986
The aim of this study was to define normal left ventricular performance at rest and during supine bicycle exercise with equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography in a normal population other than young healthy volunteers. Thirty-one patients (mean age 45 years +/- 9 SD) with chest pain of varying origin and no evidence ...
Silke B - - 1986
Celiprolol is a cardioselective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist with attributed cardiostimulant properties. Its hemodynamic profile was compared in a dose-response study with that of metoprolol, which is also cardioselective but lacks cardiostimulatory activity. In 24 patients with angiographically proved coronary artery disease, simultaneous hemodynamic and left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) values were ...
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