Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 671
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Harrison L - - 2000
Questionnaires on exercise practices, reasons for exercising, factors that would increase exercise, and demographics were mailed to a stratified random sample of 19,510 active duty personnel in all of the United States military services who were stationed at 38 large military installations and a number of remote locations. Responses were ...
Chaiwanichsiri D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the physical condition of adolescents with mild to moderate mental retardation (MR), twenty-eight MR students from Rajanukul school were evaluated for their fitness components compared to 14 normal students. METHOD: Per cent body fat (%BF) was calculated from three sites of skinfold thickness. The cardiorespiratory endurance was ...
Byl N N - - 2000
Recent studies show that rapid, nearly simultaneous, stereotypical repetitive fine motor movements can degrade the sensory representation of the hand and lead to a loss of normal motor control with a target task, referred to as occupational hand cramps or focal hand dystonia. The purpose of this prospective follow-up study ...
Painter P - - 2000
The Renal Exercise Demonstration Project provided two different approaches to exercise programming to a group of hemodialysis patients. Physical functioning and self-reported health-related quality of life were measured at baseline, after 2 months of independent exercise, and again after 2 months of in-center cycling. This study compares the responses to ...
Fulcher K Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To measure strength, aerobic exercise capacity and efficiency, and functional incapacity in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) who do not have a current psychiatric disorder. METHODS: Sixty six patients with CFS without a current psychiatric disorder, 30 healthy but sedentary controls, and 15 patients with a current major ...
Lancioni G E - - 2000
2 to 4 30-min. periods of indoor travel and simple tasks were arranged daily as physical exercise for two women with profound mental retardation, deafness, and profound visual impairment. The questions were whether (a) the women could manage this fairly extensive exercise regimen (over about 9 and 4.5 mo.) with ...
Bucci L R - - 2000
Herbs have been used throughout history to enhance physical performance, but scientific scrutiny with controlled clinical trials has only recently been used to study such effects. The following herbs are currently used to enhance physical performance regardless of scientific evidence of effect: Chinese, Korean, and American ginsengs; Siberian ginseng, mahuang ...
Mizuo J - - 2000
We attempted to fit heart rate (HR) changes induced by constant exercise loads of different intensities to an exponential hyperbolic sine curve by the least-squares method, and we compared the results with the fitting of the changes to exponential curves. Seven healthy male volunteers performed three different intensities of constant-load ...
Janz K F - - 2000
PURPOSE: Physical fitness and physical activity tracking data enhance our understanding as to when children settle into their long-term exercise and fitness patterns and, therefore. provide insight as to when programs focusing on preventing sedentary adults behaviors should be initiated. METHODS: In this paper, the tracking of physical fitness and ...
Martin J C - - 2000
This paper presents an empirical examination of the relationship between physical exercise and generalized distress within a stress process framework by examining how chronic strains, self-esteem, mastery, and social support influence this relationship. The analysis employed the 1994 wave of the National Population Health Survey consisting of a sample of ...
Lampinen P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological research suggests that regular physical activity may be associated with reduced depressive symptoms. The present study examines the predictive value of physical exercise in relation to depressive symptoms among samples of adults aged 65+ during an 8-year period. METHODS: The subjects (N = 663) who participated both at ...
Painter P - - 2000
The Renal Exercise Demonstration Project was designed to test the effects of two different approaches to exercise programming on the levels of physical activity, physical functioning, and self-reported health status in hemodialysis patients. Two hundred eighty-six patients were recruited for participation. Intervention patients were given individually prescribed exercise for 8 ...
Courneya K S - - 2000
Preliminary evidence indicates that physical exercise may be an effective strategy for the rehabilitation of cancer patients following high dose chemotherapy (HDC) and bone marrow transplantation (BMT), but the focus of this research has been on physical fitness and medical outcomes. In the present study, we employed a prospective design ...
McAuley E - - 2000
A randomized controlled trial examined the growth and form of multidimensional self-esteem over a 12-month period (6-month exercise intervention and 6-month follow-up) in 174 older adults engaged in either a walking or stretching/toning program. The extent to which changes in physical fitness parameters and physical self-efficacy were related to changes ...
Iborra Moltó C - - 2000
Many publications describe the advantages of physical exercise in improving quality of life. The aim of this study was to highlight the need for physical activity when patients commence haemodialysis. A correlation was found between muscular deterioration and the years on haemodialysis and it was accentuated in men. From our ...
Ram F S - - 2000
Physical training programmes have been designed for asthmatic subjects with the aim of improving physical fitness, neuromuscular coordination and self-confidence. Habitual physical activity increases physical fitness and lowers ventilation during mild and moderate exercise thereby reducing the likelihood of provoking exercise -induced asthma. Exercise training may also reduce the perception ...
Crutchfield C D - - 1999
Quantitative respirator fit test protocols are typically defined by a series of fit test exercises. A rationale for the protocols that have been developed is generally not available. There also is little information available that describes the effect or effectiveness of the fit test exercises currently specified in respiratory protection ...
Fujitani J - - 1999
To investigate the influence of daily activity on changes in the physical fitness of people with post-stroke (cerebrovascular disorders) hemiplegia, we evaluated the follow-up exercise load test of 30 ambulatory male patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. Between the times of the two tests, patients had no special supervised training. They were ...
Arida R M - - 1999
Although the favorable effect of physical fitness on general health is unquestionable, physical exercise and fitness programs in patients with epilepsy are still a matter of controversy. Little objective evidence regarding the effect of exercise on seizure frequency and severity has been reported. One sought to clarify the relationship between ...
Benjamin R S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the 123I thyroid uptake measurements obtained from a gamma camera fitted with a low-energy all-purpose (LEAP) collimator to those obtained from a thyroid uptake probe and gamma camera fitted with a pinhole (PH) collimator. METHODS: Thirty-one patients (27 female and 4 male patients) were studied for ...
Sharma N - - 1999
Keeping fit has its risks. We describe the case of a 29-year-old woman who presented with rhabdomyolysis following non-exhaustive exercise. Cases of exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis have been reported in unfit individuals or those attempting exhaustive exercise such as marathon running or weight lifting but are unusual in fit individuals making modest ...
Dallmeijer A J - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in physical capacity and performance of activities of daily living (ADL) during the postrehabilitation period of persons with spinal cord injuries and to determine the factors explaining the changes in physical capacity. METHODS: Nine subjects with tetraplegia and 11 subjects ...
Wilson J R - - 1999
Industrial respirators offer protection for men and women who are required to work in toxic and oxygen-deficient environments. Major advances continue to be made with respect to improved face mask designs and modes of protection, yet only recently have efforts been directed toward the development of criteria for use in ...
Skargren E - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a weekly exercise programme among nursing staff on organizational/psychosocial and physical work conditions, and psychosomatic symptoms. Out of 106 nurses and nursing aides from four geriatric wards who were invited to participate in a cross-over study, 86 accepted. For ...
Leaf D A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although physical exercise training is highly recommended, physical exercise causes oxidative stress, which is potentially injurious. This study evaluates this 'exercise paradox' by evaluating the effect of physical exercise on exercise-induced lipid peroxidation. METHODS: Measurement of lipid peroxidation (ie, expired ethane and pentane and plasma malondealdehyde) taken during cardiopulmonary ...
Johnson C R - - 1999
"As a consequence of diminished exercise tolerance, a large and increasing number of elderly people will be living below, at, or just above 'thresholds' of physical ability, needing only minor intercurrent illness to render them completely dependent" (Astrand, 1992, p. 1231S). The NP can play a crucial role in educating ...
Johansen K L - - 1999
Patients on dialysis have extremely limited exercise capacity, and poor physical functioning has been linked to low quality of life and high mortality in this population. The reason for the debility of patients on dialysis is far from clear despite years of study. The anemia of chronic renal disease is ...
Nakamura Y - - 1999
Physical exercise has beneficial effects not only on cardiovascular system and fat metabolism, may also directly effect the cognitive process. We studied the effect of physical exercise on cognitive processes by measuring the P300 event related-potential (ERP) after jogging. Seven well-trained joggers were enrolled in this study and the P300 ...
Minor M A - - 1999
This article provides an overview to arthritis care of the common physical modalities (heat, cold, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, low-energy laser, topical applications, and external devices). The rationale for use and effectiveness of the various physical modalities are discussed. Exercise is presented in terms of mode and effect of range ...
Carmack C L - - 1999
Exercise as a moderator of the stress-illness relation was examined by exploring leisure physical activity and aerobic fitness as potential "buffers" of the association between minor stress on physical and psychological symptoms in a sample of 135 college students. The goal was to gather information regarding the mechanisms by which ...
Oka R K - - 1999
This study examined the relationship between perceived physical condition and measured physical fitness and activity levels in 40 patients with moderate heart failure (HF). Self rated physical condition, physical activity, self efficacy, and quality of life were evaluated by self administered questionnaires. Functional capacity was examined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing ...
Lancioni G E - - 1998
During the last two decades, a significant amount of research has examined physical exercise with people with severe and profound developmental disabilities. The research has followed three main objectives: 1) finding strategies for allowing the people to engage in physical exercise fairly independent; 2) improving the people's physical fitness; and ...
Butler R N - - 1998
Most older Americans are not physically fit and do not exercise regularly. This is especially true of older women, who are weaker than men and become disabled and dependent in the later years at a much greater rate. Exercise can increase the body's metabolism and make it more efficient in ...
Kröber H L - - 1998
Psychiatry deals with addiction but it is not concerned very much about the symptomatology of acute alcohol intoxication. This causes problems in connection with the legal system: intoxication is the most frequent cause of diminished legal responsibility in Germany, and judges want to have a system to assess the grade ...
Strauss R H - - 1998
It is widely recognized that regular exercise can improve almost anyone's fitness, sense of well-being, and often even longevity. The bad news is that even knowing this, most people don't make exercise a priority.
Pellegrini A D - - 1998
In this review, we consider the nature and possible developmental functions of physical activity play, defined as a playful context combined with a dimension of physical vigor. We distinguish 3 kinds of physical activity play, with consecutive age peaks: rhythmic stereotypies peaking in infancy, exercise play peaking during the preschool ...
Christman S K - - 1998
This article describes three stepping modes, summarizes research on stepping in healthy adults and patients with peripheral vascular disease, and discusses clinical implications and directions for future research. Stepping exercise has been shown to increase cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy adults and increase physical function in patients with peripheral vascular disease. ...
Gemici K - - 1998
A prospective randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study was designed to investigate the effects of sublingual administration of captopril on the parameters of exercise test and neurohormonal activation in patients with stable angina pectoris. A total of 31 patients (28 male, 3 female; mean age 55.4 +/- 9.4 years) took part ...
Yoshida H - - 1998
The effects of physical exercises taken at different times in the day upon subjective sleep feeling were examined in five healthy university students (aged 20-22 years); morning exercise, evening exercise, and late evening exercise. The late evening exercise with the strength of 50-60% VO2max of 1 h has the effect ...
Kolkhorst F W - - 1998
PURPOSE: Two earlier reports indicated that cardiovascular fitness attenuates susceptibility to noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) in hearing sensitivity; however, other parameters of fitness also may be related to this phenomenon. This study investigated the association of three different physical fitness indicators on TTS. METHODS: Maximal aerobic power (VO2max), body ...
Triplett-McBride N T - - 1998
In vitro studies have connected immune cell function to Peptide F. The primary purpose of this investigation was to examine the responses of plasma Peptide F and epinephrine along with the changes in B cell antibody production in vivo in physically fit and unfit women in response to physical exercise ...
Brisswalter J - - 1997
The influence of physical fitness and energy expenditure on a simple reaction time task performed during exercise was investigated. Two groups of 10 subjects were used, one was composed of trained middle-distance runners and one of students who had no regular physical training. The subjects performed a simple reaction time ...
Polich J - - 1997
Electrophysiologic effects of physical exercise were investigated by comparing groups of individuals who engage in relatively low amounts of physical exercise (< 5 h/week) to subjects who engage in relatively high amounts of aerobic exercise (> 5 h/week). Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded using auditory and visual stimuli in ...
Boas S R - - 1997
The role of exercise in the treatment of cystic fibrosis has received increasing attention over the past 15 to 20 years. As a group, physical fitness is reduced for people with cystic fibrosis, although tremendous individual variability exists. Limitations in exercise performance appear related to the extent of lung disease ...
Dorman M F - - 1997
Vowel recognition was assessed for eight, cochlear implant patients who use the Ineraid's six-electrode array. Recognition was tested in three conditions: with the Ineraid after years of experience; with a CIS processor at fitting of the processor; and with the CIS processor after 1 month's experience. At the time of ...
Baer N - - 1997
Despite participACTION's preaching about the need to stay physically active, only a small percentage of Canadians exercise regularly at the level recommended for fitness. Nicole Baer discusses the issue with physicians and experts in the field, and also looks at American efforts to introduce Physician-based Assessment and Counselling for Exercise.
Astrand P O - - 1997
In 1949, 27 female and 26 male physical education students were studied at a mean age of 22 and 25 yr, respectively. They were restudied in 1970 and 1982. Measurements included oxygen uptake, heart rate, and pulmonary ventilation during submaximal and maximal exercise on a cycle ergometer and treadmill. After ...
Bolinder G - - 1997
To determine the influence of prolonged nicotine exposure on maximal physical working capacity, a study of clinical measures of physical fitness and cardiovascular response to exercise was performed in 144 healthy men, 35-60 years old, subdivided into smokeless tobacco users, smokers and non-users of tobacco. Regular users of smokeless tobacco, ...
Fischler B - - 1997
Physical fatigability and avoidance of physically demanding tasks in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) were assessed by the achievement or nonachievement of 85% of age-predicted maximal heart rate (target heart rate, THR) during incremental exercise. The association with functional status impairment, somatization, and psychopathology was examined. A statistically significant association was ...
Qureshi I A - - 1997
The effects of physical fitness on intraocular pressure, was studied. The study was conducted in two parts. Part 1 consisted of three groups of physically fit subjects, each consisting of 50 subjects. In Part 2 subjects were categorized into control and experimental groups, each consisting of 16 subjects. The experimental ...
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