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Results 201 - 250 of 671
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Perraton Luke - - 2009
Previous systematic reviews have found hydrotherapy to be an effective management strategy for fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the components of hydrotherapy programs used in randomized controlled trials. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was conducted. Only trials that have reported significant ...
Al-Majid Sadeeka - - 2009
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a multifactorial, biobehavioral phenomenon experienced by the majority of persons with cancer. It has negative consequences on the individual's physical functioning and quality of life. An array of biological, psychobehavioral, and functional mechanisms contributes to its occurrence. A relatively large number of studies have examined the ...
Currie James - - 2009
Short episodes of high intensity exercise transiently increase serum levels of BDNF in humans, but serum levels of BDNF at rest appear to be lower in more physically active humans with greater levels of energy expenditure. The relationship between serum BDNF concentration, cardio-respiratory fitness (Astrand-Rhyming test estimated VO2 max) and ...
Payen J-L - - 2009
The great majority of patients with chronic viral hepatitis C are treated with pegylated interferon-ribavirin therapy. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that these patients were able to have some form of physical exercise, and that this activity can lead to an improvement in their quality-of-life. Twelve volunteer ...
Hospes Gieneke - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a 12-week pedometer-based exercise counseling strategy is feasible and effectively enhances daily physical activity in outclinic Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients who do not participate in a rehabilitation program in a controlled way. METHODS: 35 outclinic COPD patients (21 males, mean age 62 years, GOLD ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2009
Exposure to different physical and cognitive stimulus have been shown to induce extensive neuronal plasticity in both undamaged and injured central nervous system, such as enhanced neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, up-regulation of neurotrophic factors and improved learning and memory. Neuronal plasticity also is found during certain ...
Pérez Carlos Ayán - - 2008
The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD). This article presents information on the potential benefits of physical exercise for people with AD, discussing some of the metabolic and neuropathological changes regarded as underlying causes of AD, as ...
Morris Patrick J - - 2008
Youth with low physical activity and fitness levels and high body fat levels are more likely to develop additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as elevated blood pressure and serum cholesterol levels. Participation in daily physical activity can reduce body fat, encourage weight loss, and improve aerobic fitness in ...
Jahromi Maryam Koushkie - - 2008
AIM: Exercise is commonly cited as a remedy for menstrual symptoms. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a period of exercise on physical and psychological symptoms of menstruation, dysmenorrhea, oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea. METHODS: Participants of the study were 250 students of Shiraz University who ...
Schwetschenau Heather M - - 2008
Many corporations provide employees the option of participating in on-site fitness centers, but utilization rates are low. Perceived barriers to physical activity have been established as important correlates of physical activity, and recent research indicates that barriers may vary across settings. Work-site fitness centers may present unique barriers to participation, ...
Chen Kuei-Min - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Promoting physical fitness of young-older adults is essential in reducing healthcare expenditures which would occur in the future for those with chronic health problems. The silver yoga exercise programme was developed to accommodate the reduced body flexibility experienced by many older adults and was critically reviewed by ...
Gao Zan - - 2008
This study investigated the predictive strength of perceived competence and enjoyment on students' physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in physical education classes. Participants (N = 307; 101 in Grade 6, 96 in Grade 7, 110 in Grade 8; 149 boys, 158 girls) responded to questionnaires assessing perceived competence and enjoyment ...
Shen Bo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Researchers have studied exercise determinants primarily from cognitive and social psychology perspectives, which typically give minimal attention to the body as a physical and biological entity. With the belief that tapping into multidimensional variables would potentially help us better understand motivation in exercise, we designed this study to examine ...
Peterson Mark D - - 2008
Firefighters routinely encounter physical demands that contribute to countless musculoskeletal injuries. Seemingly, a progressive prescription for fitness would offer superior protection against intrinsic job risks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of two resistance training interventions on fitness adaptations among firefighters, and to assess the degree ...
Joyner Michael J - - 2008
The 2007 Streeten Lecture focused on the idea that physical deconditioning plays a key role in the symptomology and pathophysiology of POTS. Parallels were drawn between the physiological responses to orthostatic stress seen in POTS patients and the physiological responses seen in "normal" humans after prolonged periods of bedrest, deconditioning, ...
DiPrete John - - 2008
Based on related prior research, it is suggested that seeing one's animated reflection, in a mirror, should be considered to be an act of imagining; also, that seeing oneself in a mirror during physical exercise should increase the muscular effects of that exercise. Further argued, on the basis of this ...
Lubans David R - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between pedometer step counts and estimated VO2max as determined by a submaximal exercise test. Participants (N = 115; 65 girls, 50 boys) wore pedometers for five days and completed the Queen's College Step Test (QCST). Based on these results participants ...
Plisiene J - - 2008
AIMS: This prospective pilot-study was performed to assess whether regular moderate physical activity elevates the parasympathetic tone to the atrio-ventricular node and decreases VR during permanent AF. BACKGROUND: Adequate ventricular rate (VR) control in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) is not easy to accomplish. METHODS: 10 patients (mean age ...
Ploughman Michelle - - 2008
This commentary reviews selected biomedical and clinical research examining the relationship between physical exercise and cognitive function especially in youth with disability. Youth with physical disability may not benefit from the effects of exercise on cardiovascular fitness and brain health since they are less active than their non-disabled peers. In ...
Lotan Meir - - 2009
Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are in need of effective physical fitness training programs. The aim was to test the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality (VR)-based exercise program in improving the physical fitness of adults with IDD. A research group (N=30; mean age=52.3+/-5.8 years; moderate IDD level) was ...
Oberg Tara - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surgical masks have been used since the early 1900s to minimize infection of surgical wounds from wearer-generated bacteria. There is ongoing debate, however, whether surgical masks can meet the expectations of respiratory protection devices. The goal of this study was to evaluate the filter performance and facial fit of ...
Nakashima Hiroyuki - - 2008
Our previous paper [J. Chem. Phys. 127, 224104 (2007)] revealed that the Schrodinger equation in the fixed-nucleus approximation could be very accurately solved for helium atom and its isoelectronic ions (Z=1-10) with the free iterative-complement-interaction (ICI) method combined with the variation principle. In this report, the quantum effect of nuclear ...
Tomas-Carus Pablo P Department of Sport and Health, University of Evora, Evora, Portugal. - - 2008
To evaluate the feasibility of 8 months of supervised exercise therapy in warm water and its effects on the impact of fibromyalgia on physical and mental health and physical fitness in affected women. Thirty women with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an exercise therapy group (n = 15) or a ...
Lejoyeux Michel - - 2008
AIM OF THE STUDY: Exercise dependence is an inadequate pattern of exercise leading to clinically significant negative consequences. Subjects present loss of control of their physical activity, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms when they do not practice sport. We studied the prevalence of exercise dependence among clients of a Parisian fitness ...
Rooks Daniel S - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to describe the application of basic exercise principles to individuals with fibromyalgia to encourage clinicians to discuss with their patients ways of becoming more physically active. RECENT FINDINGS: The goals of increased physical activity and exercise for individuals with fibromyalgia are ...
Kyröläinen Heikki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In modern society, decreased physical activity and/or changes in quality and quantity of nutritional intake contribute to obesity and lifestyle diseases that result in economic costs, both to society and to individuals. AIMS: To measure physical fitness and body mass index (BMI) and to assess their association with sickness ...
Coiro V - - 2008
To establish whether somatostatin (SRIH) and/or endogenous opioids play a role in the control of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) response to physical exercise, eight healthy men underwent four bicycle-ergometer tests until exhaustion: exercise control test; exercise plus SRIH, naloxone or SRIH plus naloxone. Serum AVP levels, physiological and biochemical variables were measured ...
Johnson James B - - 2008
Two hypotheses have been considered in the literature regarding how anuran morphology reduces predation risk: by (1) improving escape swimming performance, or (2) using the tail as a lure to draw predator strikes away from the body of the tadpole. We investigated these hypotheses using a modification of the morphology, ...
van Weert Ellen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the development of a physical training programme for cancer patients. Four related but conceptually and empirically distinct physical problems are described: decreased aerobic capacity, decreased muscle strength, fatigue and impaired role physical functioning. The study aimed to identify the optimal content for an exercise programme that ...
Quackenbush Katherine E - - 2008
Taping is a ubiquitous strategy to help prevent ankle sprains. The restrictive qualities of various taping methods may impair athletic performance. The objective of the study was to compare the Gibney closed basket weave taping method with heel-locks to heel-locks and figure-eights in order to determine their effect on vertical ...
Feinberg Jeff H - - 2008
A 22-year-old African American U.S. sailor presented with an intermittent pruritic eruption precipitated by mild activity for the last 2 years. She developed an extremely pruritic papular rash that would quickly coalesce into larger wheals following any exercise, light activity such as vacuuming, or taking hot showers. This condition had ...
Van Schaik Paul - - 2008
This paper details the design, development, and testing of virtual augmented exercise (VAE) gaming for older adults. Three versions of an underwater VAE environment were tested with a sample of 22 healthy adults aged 50 or over. Participants strongly preferred VAE to traditional physical exercise, and adherence rate was 100%. ...
Lee Sang-Bock - - 2008
Exercise is very important element for successful aging. Among many sports events, Korea is the suzerain of Taekwondo. When competing (Taekwondo Free Fighting) after learning Poomse as basic movements and inuring them, people compete with movements depending on situation. Among Poomses of Taekwondo, Taegeuk Poomse consists of very basic movements ...
Delleman Nico J - - 2008
This paper reports 2 baseline studies and one experiment performed in a confined-space military vehicle concerning the effects on fitness and performance of time in a sitting posture and workstation characteristics. On average physical fitness decreased by slightly more than 10% per hour, the observation performance decreased by 30% per ...
Burns Jeffrey M - - 2008
There is an increasing interest in exercise and fitness in Alzheimer disease (AD) given evidence suggesting a role in the maintenance of cognitive health. There is, however, little data on the objective measure of cardiorespiratory fitness in individuals with AD. Thus, we assessed cardiorespiratory fitness in early AD and its ...
Williams Paul T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Men and women who exercise regularly and who are physically fit tend to be leaner than those who are sedentary and not fit. Although exercise is known to attenuate weight gain and promote weight loss, there may also be a propensity for leaner men and women to choose to ...
Musharrafieh Umayya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies to assess the patterns of physical exercise among University students in Lebanon are lacking. The current study looks at the prevalence of physical exercise among university students in Beirut and predictors of performing physical exercise. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a proportionate random sample of university students selected ...
Tsiamis Costas B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To show the effect of hypokinesia (HK; diminished movement) on magnesium (Mg2+) loss in Mg2+ deficient subjects and the effect of physical exercise and on Mg2+ deficiency with and without physical exercise: Mg2+ balance, serum Mg2+ concentration and Mg2+ loss were measured. METHODS: Studies were conducted on 30 healthy ...
Christie Brian R - - 2008
Exercise that engages the cardiovascular system has a myriad of effects on the body; however, we usually do not give much consideration to the benefits it may have for our minds. An increasing body of evidence suggests that exercise can have some remarkable effects on the brain. In this article, ...
Hillman Charles H - - 2008
An emerging body of multidisciplinary literature has documented the beneficial influence of physical activity engendered through aerobic exercise on selective aspects of brain function. Human and non-human animal studies have shown that aerobic exercise can improve a number of aspects of cognition and performance. Lack of physical activity, particularly among ...
Jakovljevic Djordje G DG Research Centre for Society and Health, Buckinghamshire New University , Buckinghamshire, - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement and consistency between gas exchange variables measured by two online metabolic systems during an incremental exercise test. After obtaining local ethics approval and informed consent, 15 healthy subjects performed an incremental exercise test to volitional fatigue using the Bruce protocol. ...
Nieves Jeri W - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess annual changes in the continuous summary physical performance score (CSPPS) and the quartile summary physical performance (QSPPS) score, evaluate how these changes relate to self-reported changes in physical function and to examine clinically meaningful changes in CSPPS and QSPPS. ...
Jamnik Veronica K - - 2007
For many individuals, pre-participation clearance using the PAR-Q and the PARmed-X has become a barrier to adopting a physically active lifestyle. An extensive project is therefore planned to reduce the number of medical referrals from the PAR-Q and to revise the PARmed-X so that it becomes more effective, user friendly, ...
Dowda Marsha - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study compared physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and other health indicators between 1381 employed and nonemployed 12th grade girls. METHODS: The girls were from 22 high schools in South Carolina (2002-2003); 56% of the girls were African American, and the mean age was 17.7 (0.6) years. Physical activity and ...
Knobf M Tish - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence of the effects of exercise interventions in patients with cancer in each of four quality-of-life domains: physical, psychological, social, and spiritual. DATA SOURCES: Research articles, abstracts, literature review. CONCLUSION: There is strong evidence to support positive effects of exercise on physical and psychological well-being. Exercise ...
Bennett Paul N - - 2007
AIM: This study explored whether an exercise programme for haemodialysis patients, including the use of a purpose built dialysis exercise machine, would improve quality of life (QoL), nutrition, physical function and biochemical indices. METHODS: Intervention was a 6 month individualised exercise programme, which was continued up to 12 months. QoL, ...
Warburton Darren E R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interactive video games (combined with stationary cycling) on health-related physical fitness and exercise adherence in comparison with traditional aerobic training (stationary cycling alone). College-aged males were stratified (aerobic fitness and body mass) and then assigned randomly to experimental (n ...
Parish Loraine E - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a planned mastery motivational physical play session on physical activity (i.e., heart rate [HR] and physical play intensity [PAHR > 50]) in toddlers (N = 21), as compared to a nonplanned free play session. Participants wore a monitor to ...
Solis A D - - 2007
We examine the informatic characteristics of amino acid representations based on physical properties. We demonstrate that sequences rewritten using contracted alphabets based on physical properties do not encode local folding information well. The best four-character alphabet can only encode approximately 57% of the maximum possible amount of structural information. This ...
Rinne Marjo B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of knowledge of the motor abilities required in different exercise modes which are needed when counseling sedentary middle-aged people to start a physically active lifestyle. METHODS: Nominal group technique was used to establish the consensus statement concerning motor abilities and physical fitness in 31 exercise ...
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