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Olvera Norma - - 2010
The primary purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a family-based exploratory community study titled BOUNCE (Behavior Opportunities Uniting Nutrition, Counseling, and Exercise) to increase physical fitness and activity in low-income Latino mothers and daughters. The BOUNCE study consisted of a 12-week exercise (e.g., Latin dance), nutrition ...
Siddiqui N I - - 2010
Any bodily activity or movement that enhances and maintains overall health and physical fitness is called physical exercise. Habit of regular physical exercise has got numerous benefits. Exercise is of various types such as aerobic exercise, anaerobic exercise and flexibility exercise. Aerobic exercise moves the large muscle groups with alternate ...
Kosmadakis G C - - 2010
Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially those on long-term dialysis, often suffer from muscle wasting and excessive fatigue. It is known that inactivity, muscle wasting and reduced physical functioning are associated with increased mortality in CKD. Known causes include uraemic myopathy and neuropathy, inactivity, and anaemia. Exercise in ...
Noakes Timothy David - - 2010
Backgrounds/Aims: Prior to 1969, athletes were advised to avoid drinking during exercise. At least 4 subsequent events led to the adoption of a radically different approach. By 1996, all exercisers were advised to drink 'as much as tolerable' in order to insure that they did not lose any weight during ...
Verma Vinod Kumar - - 2010
A number of previous investigations have reported that physical exercise renders immunopotentiating and antitumor therapeutic benefits to the tumor-bearing host. As these effects of physical exercise are mainly mediated through the modulation of hormonal and cytokine repertoire, it remains unclear if male and female tumor-bearing hosts show a gender-dependent differential ...
Stein Christopher - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to describe and compare changes in heart rate, venous pH, venous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO(2)), venous bicarbonate level, lactate level, oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), and tympanic membrane (TM) temperature occurring in a group of healthy volunteers during 20 minutes of physical ...
Braam Katja I - - 2010
Childhood cancer and its treatment have considerable impact on a child's physical and mental wellbeing. Especially long-term administration of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy impairs physical fitness both during and after therapy, when children often present with muscle weakness and/or low cardiorespiratory fitness. Physical exercise can improve these two elements of physical ...
Kampshoff Caroline S - - 2010
Preliminary studies suggest that physical exercise interventions can improve physical fitness, fatigue and quality of life in cancer patients after completion of chemotherapy. Additional research is needed to rigorously test the effects of exercise programmes among cancer patients and to determine optimal training intensity accordingly. The present paper presents the ...
Geda Yonas E YE Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905. - - 2010
Physical exercise is associated with decreased risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease. To investigate whether physical exercise is associated with decreased risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Population-based case-control study. The Mayo Clinic Study of Aging, an ongoing population-based cohort study in Olmsted County, Minnesota. A total of 1324 subjects ...
Stegen Sanne - - 2011
There is a growing consensus that bariatric surgery is currently the most efficacious and long-term treatment for clinically severe obesity. However, it remains to be determined whether poor physical fitness, an important characteristic of these patients, improves as well. The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the effect ...
Faulkner Melissa Spezia - - 2010
PURPOSE: This exploratory study tested the feasibility of conducting a novel, personalized exercise intervention based upon the current fitness levels of adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). The relationships of perceptions of benefits and barriers to exercise, exercise self-efficacy and family support to exercise adherence and changes in cardiovascular (CV) ...
Church Timothy - - 2009
Higher levels of fitness are associated with reduced risk of a wide variety of illnesses and chronic conditions. For cardiovascular disease (CVD) and many metabolic conditions, the fitness-morbidity/mortality curve is not linear but curvilinear, with lower levels of fitness being associated with significantly higher levels of risk compared to moderate ...
Opdenacker Joke - - 2009
The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate the long-term effects of a lifestyle physical activity intervention (n = 60) and a structured exercise intervention (n = 60) on physical self-perceptions and self-esteem in older adults compared with a control group (n = 66), and (2) to test the ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2009
People with epilepsy have been discouraged from participating in physical activity due to the fear that it will exacerbate seizures. Clinical and animal studies indicate a reduction of seizure frequency as well as decrease susceptibility to subsequently evoked seizures after an exercise program. Analyses from experimental studies of animals with ...
Camilo Fabio - - 2009
People with epilepsy have been discouraged from participating in physical activity due to the fear that it will exacerbate seizures. Although the beneficial effect of aerobic exercise in people with epilepsy, little objective evidence regarding the intensity of exercise has been reported. We investigated the effect of incremental physical exercise ...
Coiro V - - 2010
The present study was undertaken in order to establish the possible involvement of serotonergic receptors in the control of physical exercise-stimulated vasopressin secretion. Twenty-one healthy men (divided in three groups of seven) underwent bicycle-ergometer tests until exhaustion: exercise control test (n=21), exercise plus ondansetron, selective 5-HT3 antagonist (n=7), exercise plus ...
Painter Patricia - - 2009
Exercise capacity, physical functioning, and physical activity are all low in patients with CKD treated with dialysis. Although there is robust evidence that these patients benefit from regular exercise training and/or increasing physical activity, the nephrology community has not adopted recommendations and encouragement for physical activity as a part of ...
Macdonald Jamie Hugo - - 2009
Kidney transplant patients have decreased quality and longevity of life. Whether exercise can positively affect associated outcomes such as physical functioning, metabolic syndrome, kidney function, and immune function, has only been addressed in relatively small studies. Thus the aim of this systematic review was to determine effects of physical activity ...
Childs John D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Core stabilization exercises target abdominal and trunk muscles without the excessive loading that occurs during sit-ups. However, core stabilization exercise programs (CSEP) have not been widely adopted in the US Army partially because of the perceived deleterious impact they would have on performance during the Army Physical Fitness Test. ...
Nader Gustavo A - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to give an update on the effects of physical exercise in patients with chronic inflammatory disorders with a focus on the potential anti-inflammatory effects, particularly in inflammatory myopathies. RECENT FINDINGS: Until recently patients with myositis were refrained from doing physical exercise ...
Chai Louis Y A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study objectively evaluates the effectiveness of a 6-week Preparatory Training Phase (PTP) programme prior to Basic Military Training (BMT) for less physically conditioned conscripts in the Singapore Armed Forces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared exercise test results of a group of less fi t recruits who underwent a ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2009
Introduction. Information regarding the effect of exercise capacity on mortality risk in individuals with high-normal blood pressure is severely limited. Thus, we evaluated the association of exercise capacity and all-cause mortality in individuals with high-normal blood pressure. Methods. Exercise test was performed in 1727 males with high-normal blood pressure at ...
Balducci S - - 2010
We investigated the effect of different exercise modalities on high sensitivity-C reactive protein (hs-CRP) and other inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Eighty-two patients were randomized into 4 groups: sedentary control (A); receiving counseling to perform low-intensity physical activity (B); performing prescribed and supervised ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2009
PURPOSE: Lymphoma patients commonly experience declines in physical functioning and quality of life (QoL) that may be reversed with exercise training. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, between 2005 and 2008 that stratified 122 lymphoma patients by major disease type and current treatment ...
Trudeau François - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the possible influence of childhood physical fitness on physical activity level and some of its psychosocial determinants as an adult. Childhood (age 10-12 years) data from the longitudinal Trois-Rivières Growth and Development Study (body mass index, Physical Work Capacity (PWC170)), number of ...
Mandic Sandra - - 2009
PURPOSE: A graded nonlinear relationship exists between fitness and mortality with the most remarkable difference in mortality rates observed between the least-fit (first, Q1) and the next-least-fit (second, Q2) quintile of fitness. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical characteristics, exercise test responses, and physical activity patterns in ...
Elter Thomas - - 2009
Patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy for acute leukaemia or aggressive lymphoma not only suffer from the direct side effects of chemotherapy such as infections due to long-lasting immuno-suppression and aplasia, but also from marked fatigue and the inability to do normal physical activity. Furthermore, especially in patients with severe thrombocytopenia, anaemia ...
Baumann F T - - 2010
A haematopoietic SCT (HSCT) can cause severe side effects, which may have a profound impact on a patient's life both physically and psychologically. Some studies have shown that physical activity has positive effects for inpatients after an HSCT. Therefore, the question arises whether a controlled exercise programme right from the ...
Kashihara Koji - - 2009
Some researchers have reported that moderate physical exercise improves cognitive function, and that exercise at high intensity beyond the optimal point attenuates performance, in an inverted U-relationship. The optimal intensity of physical exercise for cognitive function might be related closely to the anaerobic threshold. It has been regarded as an ...
Devine Jennifer M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Physical exercise has been shown to play an ever-broadening role in the maintenance of overall health and has been implicated in the preservation of cognitive function in both healthy elderly and demented populations. Animal and human studies of acquired brain injury (ABI) from trauma or vascular causes also suggest ...
Lima Frederico Diniz - - 2009
Physical exercise is likely to alter brain function and to afford neuroprotection in several neurological diseases. Although the favorable effects of physical exercise on traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients is well known, little information is available regarding the role of free radicals in the improvement induced by physical exercise in ...
Boettger Silke - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether physical fitness is decreased in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) in comparison to matched healthy controls because low physical fitness has been shown to be associated with metabolic syndrome or autonomic dysfunction. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are known to be increased in patients with MDD. ...
Gandhi Gursatej - - 2009
DNA damage induced by physical activity and/or exercise has been reported under different conditions but not for individuals maintaining physical fitness by regular strenuous exercise. Therefore, we compared levels of DNA damage in blood leukocytes of 40 healthy individuals (35 males, 5 females) who regularly exercised in gymnasiums/health clubs and ...
Langer D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Update of a clinical practice guideline for the physiotherapy management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease supporting the clinical decision-making process. METHODS: A systematic computerized literature search was performed on different modalities for improving physical exercise capacity, reducing exertional dyspnoea, improving airway clearance and encouraging changes in physical ...
Schneider Margaret L - - 2009
Evidence shows that aspects of personality are associated with participation in physical activity. We hypothesized that, among adolescents, behavioral activation (BAS) and behavioral inhibition (BIS) systems would be associated with physical fitness (cardiovascular fitness and percent body fat), enjoyment of exercise, tolerance of and persistence in high-intensity exercise, and affective ...
Okuno Junko - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a combination of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25(OH)D(3)) levels and exercise on physical fitness in community-dwelling frail elderly in Japan. A longitudinal survey was conducted in a town (latitude 36 degrees north). Eighty women aged 65 years and over attended ...
Noonan, Vanessa
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between objective measures are self-reports of physical function in individuals with the late sequelae of poliomyelitis. Physical therapists often use exercise tests to assess an individual's level of physical function, as well as to guide exercise prescription and treatment planning. ...
Stroth Sanna - - 2009
Physical activity and aerobic exercise in particular, promotes health and effective cognitive functioning. To elucidate mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of physical fitness and acute exercise, behavioral and electrophysiological indices of task preparation and response inhibition as a part of executive functions were assessed in a modified version of an ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the association between exercise capacity and mortality in African Americans and Caucasians with type 2 diabetes and to explore racial differences regarding this relationship. African American (n = 1,703; aged 60 +/- 10 years) and Caucasian (n = 1,445; aged 62 +/- ...
Davidson J A - - 2009
The objective was to determine if exercise training improves physical fitness of nonlactating, late-pregnant and nonpregnant multiparous Holstein cows and alters acid-base homeostasis during an exercise test on a treadmill. Twenty-six pairs (each pair having 1 late-pregnant and 1 nonpregnant) of cows were assigned to treatments of exercise training or ...
Lim Young Mi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 16-week Kouk-Sun-Do (KSD) exercise on physical fitness, emotional state, and immunoglobulin A (IgA) in community-dwelling elders in Korea. A total of 19 elders in the intervention group and 20 elders in the control group participated. The KSD exercise with ...
Esteves Andrea Maculano - - 2009
PURPOSE: Nonpharmacological interventions may lead to an improvement in sleep quality. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of acute intensive exercise and chronic exercise on sleep patterns in patients with periodic leg movements (PLM). METHODS: The study involved acute and chronic exercise. The acute intensive exercise ...
Antonelli G - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The offer of human saliva IGF-I (sIGF-I) measurement in athletes investigation is a new proposal. The aim was to investigate the physical exercise effect on sIGF-I and explore plasma free IGF-I relation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Saliva and blood were collected from well-trained athletes, investigated immediately before and at the ...
Mumcuoglu Tarkan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Valsalva retinopathy may occur due to intense physical exercise. Soldiers must undergo vigorous physical training to sustain a high level of readiness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recovery period and the outcomes of Valsalva retinopathy due to physical exercise in the Turkish Army. ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Information regarding the effect of exercise capacity on mortality risk in individuals with high-normal blood pressure is severely limited. Thus, we evaluated the association of exercise capacity and all-cause mortality in individuals with high-normal blood pressure. METHODS: Exercise test was performed in 1727 males with high-normal blood pressure at ...
Perraton Luke - - 2009
Previous systematic reviews have found hydrotherapy to be an effective management strategy for fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the components of hydrotherapy programs used in randomized controlled trials. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was conducted. Only trials that have reported significant ...
Al-Majid Sadeeka - - 2009
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a multifactorial, biobehavioral phenomenon experienced by the majority of persons with cancer. It has negative consequences on the individual's physical functioning and quality of life. An array of biological, psychobehavioral, and functional mechanisms contributes to its occurrence. A relatively large number of studies have examined the ...
Currie James - - 2009
Short episodes of high intensity exercise transiently increase serum levels of BDNF in humans, but serum levels of BDNF at rest appear to be lower in more physically active humans with greater levels of energy expenditure. The relationship between serum BDNF concentration, cardio-respiratory fitness (Astrand-Rhyming test estimated VO2 max) and ...
Payen J-L - - 2009
The great majority of patients with chronic viral hepatitis C are treated with pegylated interferon-ribavirin therapy. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that these patients were able to have some form of physical exercise, and that this activity can lead to an improvement in their quality-of-life. Twelve volunteer ...
Hospes Gieneke - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a 12-week pedometer-based exercise counseling strategy is feasible and effectively enhances daily physical activity in outclinic Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients who do not participate in a rehabilitation program in a controlled way. METHODS: 35 outclinic COPD patients (21 males, mean age 62 years, GOLD ...
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