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Vongpatanasin Wanpen - - 2011
In healthy individuals, sympathetic vasoconstriction is markedly blunted in exercising muscles to optimize blood flow to the metabolically active muscle fibres. This protective mechanism, termed functional sympatholysis, is impaired in rat models of angiotensin-dependent hypertension. However, the relevance of these findings to human hypertension is unknown. Therefore, in 13 hypertensive ...
Wall Benjamin T - - 2011
We have previously shown that insulin increases muscle total carnitine (TC) content during acute i.v. l-carnitine infusion. Here we determined the effects of chronic l-carnitine and carbohydrate (CHO; to elevate serum insulin) ingestion on muscle TC content and exercise metabolism and performance in humans. On three visits, each separated by ...
Gillum Trevor L - - 2011
When menstrual phase and oral contraceptives are controlled for, males and females display marked differences in immune response to an exercise stress. In highly controlled research studies, sex differences in immune cell changes, cytokine alterations, along with morbidity and mortality after inoculation are apparent. Exercise has been hypothesized to serve ...
Carvalho Vitor Oliveira - - 2011
Background: Studies have investigated the influence of neuromuscular electrostimulation on the exercise/muscle capacity of patients with heart failure (HF), but the hemodynamic overload has never been investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressures in one session of strength exercises ...
Beauchamp Mark R - - 2011
The overall purpose of this study was to examine the effect of deterministic media reports, linking genetics to inactivity, in relation to inactive people's social cognitions concerning physical activity involvement. Sixty three inactive university students were randomly allocated to one of three experimental conditions (control, genetically-primed, experientially-primed) and completed measures ...
Macananey Oscar - - 2011
In this study we tested the hypothesis that type 2 diabetes impairs the dynamic response of leg vascular conductance (LVC) during exercise. LVC (leg blood flow/mean arterial pressure) responses were studied during intermittent contractions of the calf muscle in subjects with type 2 diabetes (n = 9), heavy controls (n ...
Jansen Mariette J - - 2011
What are the effects of strength training alone, exercise therapy alone, and exercise with additional passive manual mobilisation on pain and function in people with knee osteoarthritis compared to control? What are the effects of these interventions relative to each other? A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Adults with osteoarthritis ...
Oriel Kathryn N - - 2011
: To determine whether participation in aerobic exercise before classroom activities improves academic engagement and reduces stereotypic behaviors in young children with autism spectrum disorder. : This study employed a within-subjects crossover design, using a treatment condition (aerobic exercise) and a control condition, across 4 classrooms. The treatment condition included ...
Scomparin Dionízia Xavier - - 2011
Low-intensity swimming training, started at an early age, was undertaken to observe glycemic control in hypothalamic obese mice produced by neonatal monosodium l-glutamate (MSG) treatment. Although swimming exercises by weaning pups inhibited hypothalamic obesity onset and recovered sympathoadrenal axis activity, this event was not observed when exercise training is applied ...
Zakerimoghadam Masoumeh - - 2011
Aim: to assess the effect of breathing exercises on fatigue level of the patients with COPD. Methods: this quasi-experimental research was conducted on 60 COPD patients hospitalized at hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The subjects were randomized into "experience" and "control" groups. Data were gathered by interview ...
Teixeira Lázaro J - - 2011
Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis) is commonly treated by various physical therapy strategies and devices, but there are many questions about their efficacy. To evaluate physical therapies for Bell's palsy (idiopathic facial palsy). We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The ...
Abd Hamid Noor Aini - - 2011
Exercise is beneficial to health, but during exercise the body generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) which are known to result in oxidative stress. The present study analysed the effects of vitamin E (Tri E®) on antioxidant enzymes; superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (Cat) activity and DNA damage in ...
Reid Angela - - 2011
Substantial progress has been made in the medical management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over the past decade with the introduction of biologic therapies, including anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) therapy medications. However, individuals with RA taking anti-TNFα medication continue to experience physical, psychological and functional consequences, which could potentially benefit ...
Jones Lee W - - 2011
We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the effects of supervised exercise training on peak oxygen consumption (VO(2peak)) in adults with cancer. A literature review using Ovid MEDLINE (1950-2010), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1991-2010), AMED (1985-2010), Embase (1988-2010), PubMed (1966-2010), Scopus (1950-2010), and Web of Science (1950-2010) was ...
Aminian-Far Atefeh - - 2011
Numerous recovery strategies have been used in an attempt to minimize the symptoms of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Whole-body vibration (WBV) has been suggested as a viable warm-up for athletes. However, scientific evidence to support the protective effects of WBV training (WBVT) on muscle damage is lacking. To investigate the ...
Rossiter Harry B HB Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom. - - 2011
The activities of daily living typically occur at metabolic rates below the maximum rate of aerobic energy production. Such activity is characteristic of the nonsteady state, where energy demands, and consequential physiological responses, are in constant flux. The dynamics of the integrated physiological processes during these activities determine the degree ...
Wiskemann Joachim - - 2010
Before, during and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients experience considerable physical and psychological distress. Besides GvHD and infections, reduced physical performance and high levels of fatigue affect patients' quality of life. This multicenter randomized-controlled trial examined the effects of a partly self-administered exercise intervention before, during, and ...
Strang Adam J - - 2010
Postural sway was assessed [via center of pressure (COP) 95% elliptical area (EA), path length (PL), normalized path length (PL(n)) and sample entropy (SEn)] in four conditions of bipedal upright stance [compliant (Foam) vs. non-compliant (Hard) with eyes-open (EO) vs. eyes-closed (EC)] prior to, and immediately following, a six-week balance ...
Morais P K - - 2010
AIM: The study aimed to analyze blood pressure (BP) responses in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) over a 24h period following resistance (RES) and aerobic (AER) exercise. METHODS: Ten adults with T2D (age: 55.8±7.7 years; weight: 79.4±14.0kg; fasting glucose: 133.0±36.7mg.dL(-1)) underwent: (1) AER: 20min of cycling at 90% lactate ...
Bonacci Jason - - 2011
Altered neuromotor control during running after cycling has been associated with exercise-related leg pain and may have performance implications for triathletes. To investigate the effectiveness of adding plyometric training to regular endurance training on triathletes' neuromotor control and running economy in those in which it is aberrant. Randomised controlled trial. ...
Fox Benjamin D - - 2011
Rehabilitation is a central treatment modality for patients with chronic cardiopulmonary disease. Physical exertion for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has typically been discouraged. Inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation has been shown to improve exercise capacity in patients with PAH. The present study aimed to evaluate outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation for patients ...
- - 2010
To the Editor: Although the study by Wang and colleagues (Aug. 19 issue)(1) showed a benefit of tai chi in improving the outcome of patients with fibromyalgia, it should be noted that there were many possible differences between the tai chi treatment and the control intervention, including the duration of ...
Chadchavalpanichaya Navaporn - - 2010
To study the effect of calf stretching box usage in increasing the compliance of performing calf stretching exercise as compared to the conventional exercise method. To study the effect of calf stretching box usage in decreasing the calf muscle tightness and complications as compared to the conventional exercise method. Eighty ...
Sañudo Borja - - 2010
To investigate the effects of supervised aerobic exercise (AE) and a combined program of supervised aerobic, muscle strengthening, and flexibility exercises (combined exercise [CE]) on important health outcomes in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Randomized controlled trial. Community-based supervised intervention. Women (N=64) with a diagnosis of FMS according to the ...
Laan Derek J - - 2010
Appetite and meal energy intake (MEI) following aerobic (AEx) and resistance (REx) exercises were evaluated in 19 young, active adults. The participants completed duplicate 35-min sessions of AEx, REx, and sedentary control, and consumed an ad libitum pasta meal 30 min postsession. Hunger transiently decreased after AEx but was not influenced ...
Yavari A - - 2010
The changes of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c values have been considered as an important marker of glucose control over time. On the other hand, benefit of exercise in the control of glycemia is well known. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of aerobic exercise program on ...
Little Jonathan P - - 2010
Consuming carbohydrate-rich meals before continuous endurance exercise improves performance, yet few studies have evaluated the ideal preexercise meal for high-intensity intermittent exercise, which is characteristic of many team sports. The authors' purpose was to investigate the effects of low- and high-glycemic-index (GI) meals on metabolism and performance during high-intensity, intermittent ...
Solanki Dharmendra - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perception of emotional intelligence and beliefs in the extent to which exercising leads to mood-enhancement. Volunteer participants (N=315) completed a 33-item self-report measure of trait emotional intelligence and an exercise-mood regulation scale. Emotional intelligence significantly correlated with beliefs that ...
Beebe Lora Humphrey LH University of Tennessee, 1200 Volunteer Blvd, Knoxville, TN 37922, USA. - - 2011
Ninety seven outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) were randomly assigned to the Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise Behavior for SSDs (WALC-S), a motivational intervention designed to increase exercise in SSDs (n = 48), or a time and attention control group (TAC, n = 49). WALC-S and TAC groups met weekly ...
D'hooge Roseline - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of combined exercise training on metabolic control, physical fitness and quality of life in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. A double-blind randomized controlled trial with patients receiving combined aerobic and strength or no training. University Hospital Ghent (Belgium). Sixteen children with type 1 diabetes were randomized ...
Trombetti Andrea - - 2011
Falls occur mainly while walking or performing concurrent tasks. We determined whether a music-based multitask exercise program improves gait and balance and reduces fall risk in elderly individuals. We conducted a 12-month randomized controlled trial involving 134 community-dwelling individuals older than 65 years, who are at increased risk of falling. ...
Wanner Samuel Penna - - 2011
The involvement of muscarinic cholinoceptors within the ventromedial hypothalamic nuclei (VMH) on the exercise-induced increase in oxygen consumption (VO(2)) was investigated. Rats were fitted with bilateral cannulae into the VMH for local delivery of drugs. On the day of the experiments, the animals were submitted to running exercise (20 m/min; ...
Nieman David C - - 2011
Objective Limited data imply an inverse relationship between physical activity or fitness level and the rates of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). The purpose of this study was to monitor URTI symptoms and severity in a heterogeneous group of community adults and contrast across tertiles of physical activity and fitness ...
Tyrrell Ashley C - - 2010
Studies have suggested that individuals with physical disabilities are often stigmatized and are perceived to possess less favorable physical and psychological characteristics than individuals without disability. To investigate whether able-bodied adults' perceptions of people with different causes of spinal cord injury (SCI) are influenced by physical activity status information. Each ...
Taira Taku - - 2012
The objective of the study was to explore the association between physical fitness and the likelihood of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain (CP). We hypothesized that the likelihood of ACS would be lower in physically fit patients and higher in ...
Bigelman Kevin A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 6 weeks of quercetin supplementation on physical performance during military physical training. METHODS: Using a randomized, double-blind, repeated-measures, placebo-controlled design, 58 healthy, moderately trained men and women were randomly assigned to quercetin (Q) or placebo (P) groups. Peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)) during maximal effort ...
Zoladz J A - - 2010
It is well documented that physical activity can induce a number of various stimuli which are able to enhance the strength and endurance performance of muscles. Moreover, regular physical activity can preserve or delay the appearance of several metabolic disorders in the human body. Physical exercise is also known to ...
Archer T - - 2011
Archer T. Physical exercise alleviates debilities of normal aging and Alzheimer's disease. Acta Neurol Scand: 2011: 123: 221-238. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Both healthy aging and the pathologic incidence of disorders associated with aging involve an array of debilities. Physical exercise harnesses implicit and inherent biologic characteristics ...
Chen Chao-Chien - - 2011
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of rope jumping exercise on the health-related physical fitness of visually impaired students. The participants' physical fitness was examined before and after the training. The exercise intensity of the experimental group was controlled with Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) ...
Scherder Erik J A - - 2010
Epidemiological studies show a close relationship between physical activity and cognition. A causal relationship between physical activity and cognition has been observed in children, adolescents, older people without dementia, and in older people in a very early stage of dementia. Considering these positive effects, we argue that a decline in ...
Rinne Marjo - - 2010
Evidence of the effect of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) modes on the motor abilities of a mature population is scarce. The purpose of this study was to compare the motor abilities of physically active and inactive men and women and to examine the associations of different exercise modes and ...
Chen Kuei-Min - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Promoting the health of transitional frail elders (e.g., through therapeutic-based yoga exercises) is essential to reduce healthcare expenditures caused by chronic health problems. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of 24 weeks of the senior-tailored silver yoga (SY) exercise program for transitional frail elders. ...
Landi Francesco - - 2010
Frailty is a common condition in older persons and has been described as a geriatric syndrome resulting from age-related cumulative declines across multiple physiologic systems, with impaired homeostatic reserve and a reduced capacity of the organism to resist stress. Therefore, frailty is considered as a state of high vulnerability for ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2010
Strategies that are efficacious for preventing or treating of epilepsy have been extensively used. This review discusses the positive effects of physical exercise program in experimental models of epilepsy, and considerations of the potential application of physical exercise strategy for preventing or treating temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) are highlighted. Findings ...
Martinelli Bruno - - 2010
The activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is directly related to overweight and sedentary lifestyles, both of which are associated with hypertension. Aerobic exercise helps control blood pressure (BP) by acting on mechanisms of blood pressure regulation, such as plasma renin activity (PRA). To assess the effect of aerobic exercise ...
Mandic Sandra - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A graded but nonlinear relationship exists between fitness and mortality, with the greatest mortality differences occurring between the least-fit (first, Q1) and the next-least-fit (second, Q2) quintiles of fitness. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical characteristics, exercise test responses, and physical activity (PA) patterns in Q1 ...
Kim Myung-Soo - - 2010
Changes in university students' exercise behavior were investigated based on a model of exercise stages of change. The participants were 221 male students taking 16-wk. physical education courses in fitness (n = 115) or sport skills (n = 106). On the first and final days of classes, each student completed ...
Oeland Anne-Marie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Persons with common mental disorders are at risk of lowered physical activity. AIMS: To investigate if patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders can achieve a level of physical activity meeting public health recommendations, increase their physical fitness and quality of life (QoL) through participation in a physical exercise programme. ...
Beghi Ettore - - 2010
Our objective was to investigate exposure to physical exercise and trauma in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) compared to the general population. Previous studies in this area have yielded conflicting results. Using population-based ALS registries from Italy, the UK and Ireland, newly diagnosed patients with definite, probable or possible ...
Rankinen Tuomo T Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808-4124, USA. - - 2010
An annual review publication of the most significant articles in exercise, fitness, and performance genomics begins with this article, which covers 2 yr, 2008 and 2009. The review emphasizes the strongest articles as defined by sample size, quality of phenotype measurements, quality of the exercise program or physical activity exposure, ...
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