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Brown Marybeth - - 2011
To determine rehabilitation exercise program effects under hormone deficient (ovariectomy or OVX) and hormone supplemented [OVX + 17-beta estradiol (E2)] conditions. Mature female rats (n = 123) were assigned to OVX or OVX + E2-supplemented groups. OVX and OVX + E2 groups were allocated to one of four conditions: (1) control, (2) hindlimb unweighted (HLU) for ...
Williams David M DM Institute for Community Health Promotion, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. - - 2011
A growing number of laboratory studies have shown that acute bouts of aerobic exercise favorably impact affect and cravings among smokers. However, randomized trials have generally shown exercise to have no favorable effect on smoking cessation or withdrawal symptoms during quit attempts. The purpose of the present study was to ...
van Gestel Arnoldus J R - - 2011
Background: Conventional pulmonary rehabilitation programs improve exercise tolerance but have no effect on pulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The role of controlled breathing using respiratory biofeedback during rehabilitation of patients with COPD remains unclear. Objectives: To compare the effects of a conventional 4-week pulmonary rehabilitation ...
Breedland Ineke - - 2011
Background Evidence supports the use of educational and physical training programs for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a group-based exercise and educational program on the physical performance and disease-self-management of people with RA. Design This was a randomized ...
Pihl Emma - - 2011
Chronic heart failure (CHF) limits exercise capacity which influences physical fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim was to determine the effects on physical capacity and HRQoL of an exercise programme in elderly patients with CHF in primary care. An exercise intervention was conducted as a prospective, longitudinal ...
Gau Meei-Ling - - 2011
To examine the effectiveness of a birth ball exercise programme during childbirth by measuring childbirth self-efficacy and childbirth pain. In addition, it tested the mediating effects of childbirth self-efficacy on the relationship between the birth ball exercise programme and childbirth pain. Randomised controlled trial. The study was conducted from December ...
McKeever Kenneth Harrington - - 2011
Horses spend most of their day eating, standing, and occasionally exercising. Exercise can range from running in a pasture to athletic training. Under resting conditions, horses easily maintain the internal environment. The performance of work or exercise is a major physiologic challenge, a disturbance to homeostasis that invokes an integrative ...
Haakstad Lene A H - - 2011
Objectives To assess whether a 12-week supervised exercise-programme with an additional 30 min of moderate self-imposed physical activity on the non-supervised weekdays prevents excessive weight gain in pregnancy, as well as postpartum weight retention. Methods One hundred and five sedentary, nulliparous pregnant women with a mean age of 30.7 ± 4.0 years and a pre-pregnancy ...
Serra-Rexach José A - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of an 8-week exercise training program with a special focus on light- to moderate-intensity resistance exercises (30-70% of one repetition maximum, 1RM) and a subsequent 4-week training cessation period (detraining) on muscle strength and functional capacity in participants aged 90 and older. DESIGN: Randomized controlled ...
Murray Terra C - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between control beliefs, socioeconomic status and exercise intentions and behavior. Specifically, we examined whether distal and proximal control beliefs mediated the association between socioeconomic status and exercise intentions and behavior. A one time, cross sectional mail out survey (N = 350) was ...
Olawale O A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of treadmill walking and overground walking exercise training on recovery of walking function in an African group of stroke survivors. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient stroke rehabilitation unit in a tertiary hospital. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients with chronic stroke (≥3 months). INTERVENTION: All subjects ...
Crescioni A Will - - 2011
Surprisingly few studies have explored the intuitive connection between self-control and weight loss. We tracked participants' diet, exercise and weight loss during a 12-week weight loss program. Participants higher in self-control weighed less and reported exercising more than their lower self-control counterparts at baseline. Independent of baseline differences, individuals high ...
Rattray Ben - - 2011
Eccentric exercise can lead to muscle damage including dramatic changes to mitochondrial calcium content (MCC) and impaired respiratory function. Heat acclimation can create a cross-tolerance to a number of stresses including eccentric exercise but little is known about any protection to mitochondria. We hypothesised that intermittent heat exposure will lead ...
Costa M F M - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: Studies in man have shown a correlation between Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) genetic polymorphisms, ACE activity in the blood and superior athletic performance in sports requiring endurance. It has been hypothesised that the same correlation occurs in horses. There is no information in the literature concerning ...
Jacobson Bert H - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of independently conducted static balance exercises within a fall-safe environment in elderly participants engaging in independent training. Design: Randomized two-group parallel controlled study. Setting: Retirement center, community dwelling. Subjects: Subjects, 25 male and female volunteers (aged 82.6 ± 6.1 years; weight 69.9 ± 97 kg; ...
Turbanski Stephan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare training effects on postural control using two different unstable shoe constructions. Twenty-nine healthy subjects participated in this study and were randomly divided into three groups. Two experimental groups (10 subjects in each group) were assigned to a 6 week training program of ...
Naclerio Fernando - - 2011
Naclerio, F, Rodríguez-Romo, G, Barriopedro-Moro, MI, Jiménez, A, Alvar, BA, and Triplett, NT. Control of resistance training intensity by the omni perceived exertion scale. J Strength Cond Res 25(x): 000-000, 2011-The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale as a ...
Kuan Shu-Chien - - 2011
Institutional wheelchair-bound older adults often do not get regular exercise and are prone to health problems. The aim of this study was to test the effects of a 12-week qigong exercise program on the physiological and psychological health of wheelchair-bound older adults in long-term care facilities. Study design was quasi-experimental, ...
Brurok Berit - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of high-intensity interval training during combined arm cycling exercise (ACE) and functional electrical stimulation leg cycling (hybrid exercise), on peak stroke volume and peak oxygen consumption in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN:: A baseline control trial at ...
Elsworth Charlotte - - 2011
Adults with long-term neurological conditions have low levels of participation in physical activities and report many barriers to participation in exercise. This study examines the feasibility and safety of supporting community exercise for people with long-term neurological conditions using a physical activity support system. A phase II randomized controlled trial ...
Ng Bobby H P - - 2011
Abstract Context: The initial gain from a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program (PRP) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) begins to fade away 6 months after the completion of a rehabilitation program. One possible reason may be due to the poor compliance of the patients to the existing forms of ...
Wong Ching-Hsiang - - 2011
Aims.  To explore the effects of exercise programme on glycosylated haemoglobin and peak oxygen uptake in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Background.  Regular exercise has been shown to be effective in blood glucose control, which includes improving glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, decreasing glycosylated haemoglobin levels and ...
Plante Thomas G - - 2011
Objective: To examine the role of music and social contact on exercise benefits. Methods: Two hundred twenty-nine (n=229) students were randomly assigned to one of 6 conditions: biking alone with iPod or friend in a laboratory, walking alone with iPod or friend outdoors, or biking or walking alone in control ...
Imayama Ikuyo - - 2011
We investigated exercise effects on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and exercise self-efficacy, and tested effect modification by baseline body mass index (BMI) and gender. Middle-aged women (n=100) and men (n=102) were randomly assigned to either exercise (360 min/week of moderate-to-vigorous aerobic exercise) or control in Seattle, WA, from 2001 ...
Weightman Andrew A School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2011
We developed a home-based rehabilitation exercise system incorporating a powered joystick linked to a computer game, to enable children with arm paresis to participate in independent home exercise. We investigated the feasibility and impact of using the system in the home setting. Eighteen children with cerebral palsy (median age 7.5 ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We have studied the effect of moderate physical activity that is performed by healthy women during their entire pregnancy on their perception of health status. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty sedentary women were assigned randomly to either an exercise group (n = 40) or a control group (n = 40). Maternal ...
Rein Susanne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the functional ankle stability between professional and amateur soccer players as well as controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty professional soccer players, 30 amateur soccer players and 30 controls were evaluated. All participants completed a questionnaire. Range of motion (ROM), peroneal reaction ...
Morimoto Hiroyuki - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of oculo-motor exercises and gaze stability exercises on postural stability and dynamic visual acuity (DVA) in healthy young adults. Subjects were randomly divided into experimental (n=28) and control groups (n=13). The experimental group performed oculo-motor exercises and gaze stability exercise ...
McGowan Cheri L - - 2011
BackgroundTo determine whether angiotensin II (ANG II) contributes to the reflex skeletal muscle sympathoexcitation elicited by isometric and isotonic exercise, we tested the hypothesis that angiotensin AT(1) receptor blockade (ARB) would attenuate reflex sympathoneural responses to handgrip (HG) and to post-handgrip ischemia (PHGI).MethodsSeventeen healthy men were studied before and 1 ...
Rosa Brielle V - - 2011
The effects of increased physical activity during pregnancy on the health of the offspring in later life are unknown. Research in this field requires an animal model of exercise during pregnancy that is sufficiently strenuous to cause an effect but does not elicit a stress response. Previously we demonstrated that ...
Schlader Zachary J - - 2011
The present study independently evaluated temperature and thermal perception as controllers of thermoregulatory behavior in humans. This was accomplished using a self-paced exercise and heat stress model in which twelve physically active male subjects exercised at a constant subjective rating of perceived exertion (16, 'hard - very hard') while their ...
Aragão Fernando Amâncio - - 2011
Falls have been described by several studies as the major cause of hip and femur fractures among the elderly. Therefore, interventions to reduce fall risks, improve dynamic stability and the falling recovery strategies in the elderly population are highly relevant. This study aimed at investigating the effects of a 14-week ...
Rahman Mizanur M - - 2011
BackgroundFructose-induced hypertension was used to test the hypothesis that taurine supplementation and/or exercise can prevent hypertension and increase exercise capacity.MethodsFive groups of 15 Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated and designated as control, high fructose-fed (fructose), high fructose-fed plus exercise (FE), high fructose-fed plus 2% taurine supplement (FT) and high fructose-fed plus ...
Sampsonas E - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide that may lead to impaired exercise tolerance. In this study we exhibit the relationship between two endothelin-1 (+134 3A/4A and G198T) SNPs involved in COPD and their association to impaired exercise tolerance. The study population consisted ...
Annesi James J - - 2011
Research on the relationships of exercise with psychosocial predictors of controlled eating and weight loss may now be capable of informing the development of weight-management treatments. Thus, analysis of moderators of such relationships by personal characteristics is important. Moderation of the expected significant relationships of changes in self-regulation for exercise ...
Zhou Qingde - - 2011
Our previous data have linked obesity with immune dysfunction. It is known that physical exercise with dietary control has beneficial effects on immune function and the comorbidities of obesity. However, the mechanisms underlying the improvement of immune function in obesity after physical exercise with dietary control remain unknown. Here we ...
Gomes Elisa Couto - - 2011
To investigate the acute effect of a hot, humid and ozone-polluted (O(3)) environment on lung inflammation and oxidative tress of runners performing 8 km time trial run. Using a single-blinded randomized design, 10 male athletes (mean[Formula: see text]= 64.4 mlO(2) kg(-1) min(-1), SD = 4.4) took part in a time trial run in four different ...
Daniels James D - - 2011
Introduction:  Shoulder pain and disability ipsilateral to the implant site is a common complication of cardiac rhythm device implantation, yet very little has been published about this morbidity. We designed a study to assess the potential benefit of a simple exercise protocol in preventing shoulder pain postoperatively. Methods and Results: ...
Kaltsatou Antonia - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic function by pupillometry in male athletes. Fifteen elite endurance- (END) and eleven power-trained (POWER) athletes and fifteen sedentary individuals (CONTROL) were studied. All subjects underwent three pupillometric measurements: at rest, peak exercise testing and recovery phase. The pupillometric indices ...
Kraemer Robert R - - 2011
Amylin is a pancreatic β-cell peptide that facilitates the regulation of blood glucose concentration by inhibiting release of glucagon and modulating gastric emptying. Prolonged exercise may alter amylin, and aid in the maintenance of blood glucose concentration; however, no studies have investigated the effects of prolonged exercise on amylin. PURPOSE:: ...
Minegishi Yoshihiko - - 2011
Improving endurance capacity leads to increased athletic performance and active lifestyles. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the intake of red grape leaf extract (RGLE), used as a traditional herbal medicine in the Mediterranean area, on endurance capacity in mice. Male BALB/c mice were divided ...
Brown A K - - 2011
This was designed as an experimental study. Locomotor training is one of the most effective strategies currently available for facilitating recovery of function after an incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). However, there is still controversy regarding the timing of treatment initiation for maximal recovery benefits. To address this issue, the ...
Mitchell Cameron J - - 2011
Weight lifting exercise may induce postactivation potentiation (PAP), thereby enhancing performance of a subsequent biomechanically similar "explosive" movement. However, it has not been shown that weight lifting induces PAP, indicated as potentiation of muscle twitch force. Therefore, the present study tested whether a five repetition maximum squat (5-RM squat) both ...
Barbosa Priscila B - - 2011
Impaired O(2) delivery relative to O(2) demands at the onset of exercise might influence the response profile of muscle fractional O(2) extraction (≅Δ[deoxy-Hb/Mb] by near-infrared spectroscopy) either by accelerating its rate of increase or creating an "overshoot" (OS) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We therefore assessed the kinetics ...
Hermann T S - - 2011
Coronary allograft vasculopathy is a well-known long-term complication after cardiac transplantation. Endothelial dysfunction is involved and may be prevented by aerobic exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine whether high intensity aerobic exercise improves peak oxygen uptake (VO(2 peak) ) and endothelial function in heart transplant (HT) recipients. ...
Coiro Vittorio - - 2011
To establish whether glucocorticoids inhibit the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) response to physical exercise, 10 healthy men underwent bicycle ergometer tests until exhaustion (exercise control test, exercise plus dexamethasone [2 or 4 mg in an intravenous bolus]). Physiological and biochemical variables were similar in all tests. Pretreatment with dexamethasone (2 or 4 ...
Saxton John M - - 2011
This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of upper- and lower-limb aerobic exercise training on disease-specific functional status and generic health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with intermittent claudication. The study recruited 104 patients (mean age, 68 years; range, 50-85) from the Sheffield Vascular Institute. Patients were randomly allocated ...
Huang Tzu-Ting - - 2011
huang t.-t., yang l.-h. & liu c.-y. (2011) Reducing the fear of falling among community-dwelling elderly adults through cognitive-behavioural strategies and intense Tai Chi exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. ABSTRACT: Aim.  To examine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural strategies with/without intense Tai Chi exercise in reducing fear ...
Coppack Russell J RJ Centre for Human Performance, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre, Headley Court, Epsom, Surrey, KT18 6JW, England, UK. - - 2011
Anterior knee pain (AKP) is the most common activity-related injury of the knee. The authors investigated the effect of an exercise intervention on the incidence of AKP in UK army recruits undergoing a 14-week physically arduous training program. Modifying military training to include targeted preventative exercises may reduce the incidence ...
Padula Cynthia A - - 2011
Preventing falls in acute care hospitals is a major challenge, and achieving positive outcomes has remained elusive. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of lower extremity strengthening exercises and mobility on fall rates and fall rates with injury. A nonequivalent control group design was used. Subjects ...
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