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Results 601 - 650 of 666
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Winton A S - - 1983
The present study supported the finding of Bucher et al. (1976) that physical restraint can control pica. However, unlike the earlier study which additionally used a verbal reprimand, physical restraint alone was shown to be effective. Further, this study showed that while all three durations of physical restraint suppressed pica, ...
Shephard R J - - 1982
The Canadian Home Fitness Test has been administered to two large office populations on three occasions over a 9 month period. At the control company (87M, 89F), there was some improvement of test scores from the initial to the final visit (decrease of heart rate in 6th minute of exercise ...
Blake J T - - 1982
Research with dairy cows was to determine whether dairy cows in confinement are in poor physical condition, if programmed exercise improves physical fitness, and which physiological measures are most useful indicators of physical fitness. If maintenance of physiologic homeostasis when an animal is under a work load is a valid ...
Joseph A - - 1982
The prevalence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa among students majoring in the areas of dance, drama, physical education, and English was determined by using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT). It was hypothesized that female students who might be prone to develop anorexia nervosa as indicated by anorectic symptoms on the ...
Janiak A - - 1982
The purpose of the present work was to investigate the effect of exercise on the diurnal changes of electromechanical systolic time (QS2) in healthy men with different physical fitness (N = 20, PWC150-804.3 +/- 114.6 kpm/min), and with higher (N = 12, PWC150-881.3 +/- 71.8 kpm/min) and lower (N = ...
Viru A - - 1982
To investigate the influence of glucocorticoid levels on the physical working capacity, 18 trained and 18 untrained male subjects were examined before and after a short-term graded exercise test. By administration of dexamethasone during 3 days prior to the test or by injecting 25 U of corticotropin 30 min pre-exercise, ...
Soppi E - - 1982
Seventeen young male subjects underwent a six-week training period and their physical fitness was examined using a bicycle ergometer test. Twelve subjects without any marked training served as controls. Venous blood was drawn immediately before and after exercise on a bicycle ergometer both before and after training. After exercise, the ...
Hefnawi F - - 1982
Menstrual blood loss (MBL) was estimated before and after insertion of the U-coil progesterone-releasing device in 37 patients. The same procedure was carried out in 39 cases fitted with an inert U-coil IUD of the same size and shape. Blood loss was estimated by the atomic abosorption technique during the ...
Tichy M W - - 1982
Through disuse and aging, many muscles and joints in the elderly lose their flexibility and range of motion. A flexibility testing bench and a stretch bench were designed for measuring flexibility and supporting a variety of exercises to combat inelasticity. Flexibility is an essential component of physical fitness, regardless of ...
Davis G M - - 1981
The classification of lower-limb disabilities is commonly based on the site of the spinal cord lesion or the amount of functional muscle. Another important variable in assessing wheelchair users is their ability to carry out the activities of daily living. The cardiorespiratory fitness of those with lower-limb disabilities is usually ...
Davis G M - - 1981
The International Year of the Disabled Person has focused increased attention upon the fitness status of the wheelchair-confined. Review of the world literature indicates that cardio-respiratory assessment has been based relatively equally upon forearm cycling or wheelchair ergometry; each of these techniques have particular advantages. The evaluation of muscular strength ...
Kwarecki K - - 1981
Presence of a circannual rhythm of physical fitness and tolerance of hypoxia was demonstrated. The rhythm of physical fitness had two peaks, in April and September. Using cosinor analysis the acrophase of the circannual rhythm was found to be on Aug. 10 with a 95% confidence limit (May 30-October 16), ...
Saiki H - - 1981
The studies on the orthostatic tolerance during the hypodynamics exposure seem to be significant in connection with the selection, training and health maintenance of astronauts. Using male human subjects of various physical fitness levels, fluctuations of their physical fitness through 2 weeks of vigorous athletic training were measured in many ...
Igarashi M - - 1981
The effect of physical exercise on compensation for locomotor asymmetry after unilateral labyrinthectomy was studied in squirrel monkeys. Five monkeys were assigned to the motor-driven rotating cage exercise, and another five, non-exercise control. Daily exercise (cumulative time of 2 1/2 hours) was given for three weeks preoperatively and continuously (daily) ...
Sargent R G - - 1981
The ability of moderate to intense aerobic exercise to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) has been reported. Previous studies have focused on a single postexercise recovery period not considering the long-term effect of improved physical fitness on IOP. A total of 32 adult subjects, all having IOP's of greater than 18 ...
Leon A S - - 1981
Apparently healthy middle-aged men (n = 175) were recruited from a population sample and completed questionnaires about habitual physical activity, smoking, beverage consumption and sleep habits. Body mass index (BMI), heart rate and blood pressure were measured at rest and during submaximal exercise; frequency of ventricular premature beats (VPB) on ...
Hoem J M - - 1981
This paper reports the outcome of an exercise in curve fitting to annual sets of Danish age-specific fertility rates for the years 1962 to 1971 by means of least squares. Functions fitted were a cubic spline, the Hadwiger and Coale-Trussell functions, the gamma and beta densities, two versions of a ...
Glaser R M - - 1981
Poor physical fitness of wheelchair-dependent individuals may result in excessive cardiorespiratory responses during locomotion. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement an interval training program (ITP) incorporating wheelchair ergometer (WERG) exercise to improve fitness for wheelchair activity. Of thirteen able-bodied female volunteers, seven were selected to participate ...
Shapiro C M - - 1981
Sleep is generally considered to be restorative and the notion of exercise being associated with the changes in subsequent sleep is popular but has only recently been demonstrated. There are several facets of exercise performed that have an influence on sleep. These include the intensity and duration of the exercise, ...
De Backer G - - 1981
Physical activity during leisure time and on the job have been measured with standardized interview techniques in 1,513 normal men, aged 40-55 years, who were regularly employed in different industries. Physical fitness was simultaneously estimated by measuring the work load at which a heart rate of 150 bpm was reached ...
Newell J P - - 1980
A controlled trial was undertaken to examine the efficacy of physical training in patients recovering from the replacement of a single heart valve. Patients were allocated to a test or control group two weeks after operation. Each patient performed a submaximal exercise test at entry, and 12 and 24 weeks ...
Watters R G - - 1980
Five autistic boys were observed during 27 language training sessions. Each session followed one of three periods: physical exercise, TV watching, or regular academic work. It was found that the lowest levels of self-stimulation followed physical exercise, there were no differences in the levels of self-stimulation following TV watching and ...
Newell J P - - 1980
Patients recovering after heart valve surgery are not in an optimum state of 'cardiorespiratory fitness'. To examine this proposition a controlled trial of physical training was undertaken in patients recovering from the replacement of a single heart valve. Patients were allocated to a test or control group two weeks after ...
Markiewicz K - - 1980
Fifty-three cyclists aged from 19 to 32 years were divided into three groups depending on the degree of physical fitness. Group I comprised 13 cyclists with high fitness, group II 19 cyclists with medium physical fitness, and group III 22 cyclists with low physical fitness. All studied subjects carried out ...
Elsayed M - - 1980
Fluid and crystalized intelligence differences among high-fit, young; high-fit, old; low-fit, young, and low-fit, old groups were investigated before and after an exercise program. The high-fit group had higher fluid intelligence than the low-fit group. Likewise, the young group scored higher than the old group. The four groups scored higher ...
Epperson, William L.
The influence of physical conditioning on tolerance to a centrifugation profile of alternating 15 second plateaus at 4.5 and 7.0 +G sub z--called Simulated Aerial Combat Maneuvering (SACM)--was determined using 24 young men as subjects. These subjects were assigned to groups as controls (C) (no physical training), runners (R), and ...
Ryan A J - - 1980
The typical workload of a physician probably is not sufficient to produce and maintain a state of physical fitness. A majority of physicians seem to be involved in recreational exercise. However, the necessary data are not available regarding the frequency, duration, and intensity of their exercise--let alone on maximum heart ...
Froelicher V F - - 1980
New studies support a lifestyle of regular physical activity. Regular physical activity most likely decreases one's risk for coronary heart disease and helps to decrease other risk factors. The inclusion of regular moderate exercise in one's life-style makes good sense for many reasons. It can improve the quality of life ...
Barnea N - - 1980
Twenty-two patients on chronic hemodialysis were tested on a bicycle ergometer to determine their near-maximal physical work capacity. The patients were found to have low physical work capacity that averaged 51.6 +/- 3.8 (SE)% predialysis and 50.3 +/- 3.7% postdialysis, when compared with the physical work capacity of healthy control ...
Erikssen J - - 1979
A near maximal bicycle exercise test in 1,835 presumably healthy Norwegian men indicated a seasonal variation in physical fitness. Thus, the total amount of work performed was significantly higher, and the work pulse on equivalent loads significantly lower during the summer than during the autumn. Although the differences were small, ...
Thompson P D - - 1979
We investigated the circumstances of death and the medical and activity histories of 18 individuals who died during or immediately after jogging. Thirteen men died of coronary heart disease (CHD) and four men and one woman died of other causes. Six CHD subjects had medical histories relevant to the cardiovascular ...
Young R J - - 1979
This study investigated the relationships between serum testosterone level and selected physiological and personality variables in 58 males (21-61 years) before and after a four month physical fitness program consisting of jogging, calisthenics, and recreational activities. Physical fitness scores were obtained for each subject using a regression equation. Serum testosterone ...
Ritter W S - - 1979
The development of a sensitive radioimmunoassay for the measurement of myoglobin now permits the accurate determination and detection of even small concentrations of serum myoglobin. To determine the effect of exercise and physical conditioning on serum myoglobin levels, 16 male Army recruits (ages 18 to 28 years) underwent treadmill exercise ...
Vlahov E - - 1979
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of participation in physical activity on resolution acuity. In the experiment, 21 undergraduate males participated in exercise sessions with work loads of 300, 700, and 1100 kmp for durations of 3 and 6 min. and a non-exercise control session. Resolution acuity was ...
Kowal D M - - 1979
Persons over 35 years old have an increased prevalence of risk factors. Careful medical examinations, even in a fit military population, are needed before initiating intensive physical training regimens. Risk factor profiling, which synthesizes major risk factors into a composite score, is a beneficial procedure by which to evaluate individuals. ...
Cady L D - - 1979
This prospective investigation was done to evaluate five strength and fitness measurements and the subsequent occurrence of back injuries in 1652 firefighters for the years 1971 to 1974. The prospective measurements included flexibility, isometric lifting strength, bicycle ergometer exercise measurements of two-minute recovery heart rate, diastolic blood pressure at a ...
Ducry J J - - 1979
Physical exercise and physical training are known to affect several aspects of hepatic metabolism. To assess whether adaptation to long-lasting exercise modifies microsomal drug metabolism, 8 long-distance runners were compared with a group of medical students having significantly lower maximal rates of oxygen consumption. At rest the hepatic galactose elimination ...
Laird C E CE - - 1979
The purpose of this paper is to reduce the confusion and misunderstanding of exercise mechanics terminology by giving simplified definitions of the most important physical quantities and terms. Isometric, isotonic, and isokinetic exercises are discussed and related to the appropriate physical quantities. The correct use of the most confusing and ...
Ismail A H - - 1979
A young (X = 36.8 years) and an old (X = 52.9 years) group (n = 12) matched for physical fitness performed a graded exercise test at the beginning and after a 4-month physical fitness program consisting of calisthenics, jogging, and recreational activities. The purpose of the study was to ...
Igarashi M - - 1979
In this study, we placed unilateral utricular nerve section and measured the locomotor equilibrium function (deviation counts of the animal's trotting gait) by the squirrel monkey platform runway test. We applied physical exercise, both preoperatively (3 weeks) and postoperatively. 21 young adult squirrel monkeys were randomly assigned to three groups ...
Kamp A - - 1978
A group of patients suffering from cerebrovascular insufficiency was submitted to a pilot EEG investigation using physical exercise as a provocative method. Two control groups, one of young (20--30 years) and another of older (more than 50 years) subjects, were also investigated. Quantitative EEG spectral data, determined at rest and ...
LaPorta M A - - 1978
Twenty healthy male volunteers were divided into four groups for a period of recreational physical exercise. Standard blood chemistry determinations were made before exercise and on the two subsequent days. Creatine phosphokinase (CPK), SGOT, and lactic dehydrogenase levels were transiently elevated, but the change was considered significant only in the ...
Ginsburg N - - 1978
Ten sets of dots ranging in number from 7 to 91 per set were presented to 54 subjects. Half were arranged regularly and half randomly. The regular sets were overestimated by an average of 22%, while the random were underestimated by 16% compared with the physical number. Evidence was presented ...
Cantor J R - - 1978
Subject's physiological responses and rated reactions to a medical film and an erotic film were assessed. Later cardiovascular fitness levels were determined by subject's physiological responses to an exercise task. The greater the increase in the subject's systolic blood pressure after exercise and the slower the recovery, the lower the ...
Pandolf K B - - 1978
The literature suggests two major factors determine rated perceived exertion during physical work. These two factors are a local factor, i.e., sensations or feelings of strain in the working muscles and/or joints; and a central factor, i.e., sensations or feelings primarily associated with the cardiorespiratory systems. In some experiments heart ...
Bassey E J - - 1978
The quality of life in old age is crucially dependent upon the ability to pursue a variety of physical activities. Factors which affect the capacity for physical activity in the elderly should therefore be of interest both to individuals and to institutions concerned for the elderly. This is a review ...
Cooper K H - - 1977
The question of whether there is some effect of status of cardiorespiratory fitness and exercise ECG abnormalities on occurrence of CHD other than their effect on the risk factors of serum cholesterol, blood pressure, glucose, and smoking seems to have been answered in the affirmative by this study. The relative ...
Sidney K H - - 1977
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single full therapeutic dose (24 mg) of ephedrine taken orally has any effect upon physical performance and fitness. Twenty-one healthy males, aged 19-30 years, were tested on three occasions within three weeks using a double-blind modified crossover design. The effects ...
Engström L M - - 1977
A comparison of physical capacity, (measured by vital capacity, muscular strength and physical work capacity) in twin boys and controls failed to indicate significant differences. Intrapair correlations showed the MZ twins to be much more similar than the DZ twins in all the capacity measures. The correlations were lower, however, ...
Maksud M G - - 1976
Physiological responses to exercise and anthropometry were measured in several groups of physical laborers. The groups included Colombian sugar cane cutters, sugar cane loaders and general farm laborers. In addition, migrant workers and civil service laborers from the United States were studied. The Colombian populations were generally shorter, weighed less ...
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