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Maia Marianna F MF 1School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and 2Department of Kinesiology and Sports Studies, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, - - 2014
Maia, MF, Willardson, JM, Paz, GA, and Miranda, H. Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation. J Strength Cond Res 28(9): 2529-2535, 2014-Recent evidence suggests that exercising the antagonist musculature acutely enhances subsequent performance for the agonist musculature. The purpose of this ...
Beitzel Knut K Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Straße 22, 81675, Munich, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to develop a preventive exercise protocol based on structural and functional changes present in shoulder joints of young throwing athletes. As a proof of concept, these changes were previously evaluated in a cross-section of high-performance junior javelin throwers. Thirteen members of the German and ...
Cotter Joshua A JA 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA; 3Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Long Beach, CA; 4Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
To examine the effect of a high-intensity concurrent training program utilizing a single gravity-independent device on maintaining skeletal muscle function and aerobic capacity during short-term unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS). Nineteen subjects (10 male; 9 female; 21.0 ± 2.5 yr, 65.4 ± 12.2 kg) were separated into 2 groups: 1) ...
Mat Sumaiyah S Department of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
osteoarthritis (OA) of knee has been reported as a risk factor for falls and reduced balance in the elderly. This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of physical therapies in improving balance and reducing falls risk among patients with knee OA. a computerised search was performed to identify relevant studies up ...
Sil Soumitri S Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders - - 2014
Objective: Juvenile Fibromyalgia (JFM) is characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain and marked reduction in physical activity. Despite recommendations for exercise to manage JFM pain, exercise adherence is poor. Due to pain and activity avoidance, adolescents with JFM are at risk for altered joint mechanics that may make them susceptible to ...
Lewis Clare C Professor, Sacramento State University, Physical Therapy Department, Sacramento State University, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine if the use of Active Therapeutic Movement Version 2 (ATM2) device and home exercises using the Mulligan's mobilization-with-movement concept by subjects with scoliosis would result in postural improvement and to document any changes in trunk range of motion and quality of ...
Chang Ke-Vin KV Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital-Bei-Hu Branch, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
Postoperative shoulder stiffness complicates functional recovery after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. To compare early passive range of motion (ROM) exercise with a delayed rehabilitation protocol with regard to the effectiveness of stiffness reduction and functional improvements and rates of improper healing in patients undergoing arthroscopic repair for torn rotator cuffs. ...
Tsuji Taishi T Gerontology Research Center, University of Jyväskylä, Finland; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole-body vibration training using vertical-vibration machines is called "acceleration training" (AT). The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of AT on lower-limb muscular strength and power, functional mobility and self-reported knee function in middle-aged and older Japanese women with knee pain. Thirty-eight middle-aged and older Japanese women ...
Eom Soyong S Epilepsy Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The purposes of the current study were to test the feasibility of exercise therapy for children with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) and to collect pilot data about the impact of exercise therapy on neurocognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. Ten children with BECTS (9.7±1.42years) participated in a therapeutic exercise ...
Santos-Alves E E CIAFEL - Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, - - 2014
Several strategies have been developed to counteract liver injury as a consequence of NSAIDs toxicity. Here we aimed to determine whether physical exercise results in liver mitochondrial protection against in vitro diclofenac toxicity. Male-adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sedentary (SED), 12-wks endurance-training (ET) and voluntary activity (VPA). In vitro ...
Peteiro Jesús J Laboratorio de Ecocardiografia de Estrés, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Left ventricular torsion decreases during transmural myocardial ischemia, but the effect of exercise on left ventricular torsion has not been widely studied. We hypothesized that exercise-induced ischemia may impair left ventricular torsion. Therefore, our aim was to study the effects of exercise on left ventricular torsion in patients with an ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2013
The concept of a "polypill" is receiving growing attention to prevent cardiovascular disease. Yet similar if not overall higher benefits are achievable with regular exercise, a drug-free intervention for which our genome has been haped over evolution. Compared with drugs, exercise is available at low cost and relatively free of ...
Karachristianou Styliani - - 2013
Hypohidrosis is an uncommon and reversible side effect of topiramate treatment, reported mainly in children. This report presents an adult patient with complex partial seizures who was treated with topiramate and developed hypohidrosis coupled with hyperthermia, related to high environmental temperature and physical exercise. Reduced sweat response was confirmed using ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2013
The impact of exercise on mental health, on cognition, brain function and brain structure as well as the possible underlying molecular systems important for maintaining neural function and plasticity has been extensively examined. Moreover, numerous studies have reinforced t the important and beneficial role of exercise for those with neurological ...
Motta L - - 2013
A 12-month-old female neutered crossbreed was referred for investigation of seizure-like episodes occurring only at intense exercise. Thorough medical, neurological and cardiac investigations were performed and excluded the most commonly known causes of seizure-like activity. The dog was fitted with an ambulatory electrocardiography device and underwent another exercise-induced seizure. The ...
Kerson Toba Schwaber - - 2012
Philosopher Hannah Arendt maintains that everyone has the right to appear in public as an embodied, singular individual. Because of the stigma attached to epilepsy, many with this condition are denied this right. Using grounded theory techniques, the author analyzes uploads of epilepsy on YouTube. The author argues that personal ...
Peixinho-Pena Luiz Fernando - - 2012
The beneficial effects of physical exercise on epilepsy, such as a decreased seizure frequency, have been observed following aerobic exercise programs in both clinical and experimental studies. However, it is not well clarified whether other types of exercise, including strength exercise, can provide similar benefits for epilepsy. Forty four animals ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2012
Complementary therapies for preventing or treating epilepsy have been extensively used. This review focuses on the positive effects of physical exercise programs observed in clinical studies and experimental models of epilepsy and their significance as a complementary therapy for epilepsy. Information about the antiepileptogenic and neuroprotective effects of exercise is ...
Hellsten Ylva - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: This study examined vascular function and the adenosine system in skeletal muscle of patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (nā€Š=ā€Š10) and of normotensive (nā€Š=ā€Š11) patients, before and after aerobic training. METHODS:: Before and after 8 weeks of aerobic training, the patients completed experiments in which leg blood flow was determined ...
Leung Regina Wai Man - - 2012
The aims of the study were to determine the effect of short-form Sun-style Tai Chi (SSTC) (Part A) and investigate exercise intensity of SSTC (Part B) in people with COPD.Part A: After confirmation of eligibility, participants were randomly allocated to either the Tai Chi Group (TCG) or Control Group (CG) ...
Brunner J - - 2012
Summary This study aims at the comparison of the actual feeding of horses with the recommendations from the literature, and it studies the effects of feeding and exercise on several blood metabolic parameters before and after exercise. Blood samples were collected from 25 horses during one-star eventing competitions and evaluated ...
Jørgensen Tanja K - - 2012
The primary objective of this study was to quantify the frequency of advice given on type, frequency, duration, and intensity of exercise during physical activity (PA) promoting sessions by general practitioners. Second, to find GP characteristics associated with high quality of PA counselling. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. General practitioners in ...
Dasgupta Shuvra - - 2012
This report of an aircraft crash at a major airport in Kingston, Jamaica examines the response of the local Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Factors that impacted the response are discussed, and the need for more disaster simulation exercises is highlighted. The objective of this case report was to document the ...
Santa Mina D - - 2012
A large and convincing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of exercise for cancer survivors during and after treatment. Based on that literature, more cancer survivors should be offered exercise support and programming. Unfortunately, exercise programs remain an exception rather than the norm in cancer care. Not surprisingly, common barriers ...
Moalla Wassim - - 2012
We investigated the effect of training on peripheral muscular performance and oxygenation during exercise and recovery in children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Eighteen patients with CHD aged 12 to 15 years were randomly assigned into either an individualized 12-week aerobic cycling training group (TG) or a control group (CG). Maximal ...
Bobby Zachariah - - 2012
The graduate medical students often get less opportunity for clarifying their doubts and to reinforce their concepts after lecture classes. Assessment of the effect of MCQ preparation by graduate medical students as a revision exercise on the topic "Mineral metabolism." At the end of regular teaching module on the topic ...
Lee Seung-Pyo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) and decreased exercise capacity are common in chronic mitral regurgitation patients, the relationship between rhythm status and exercise capacity after corrective surgery is largely unknown. METHODS: Seventy-one patients undergoing repair or replacement of mitral valve for chronic severe mitral regurgitation were examined with preoperative and ...
Campbell Anna - - 2012
Abstract This statement provides a concise overview of the evidence on the benefits of staying active after a cancer diagnosis and the current guidelines for exercise prescription with this population.
Kilpatrick Marcus Wayne - - 2012
Abstract Perceptions of effort provide a sense of momentary exertion during exercise, but may have value when considered prior to and after exercise. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between perceived exertion assessed before, during, and after trials of aerobic exercise fixed for total work ...
Sinaki Mehrsheed - - 2012
Objective:  The objective of this report is to raise awareness of the effect of strenuous yoga flexion exercises on osteopenic or osteoporotic spines. We previously described subjects with known osteoporosis in whom vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) developed after spinal flexion exercise (SFE) and recommended that SFEs not be prescribed in ...
So Cynthia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe expectations of, and perceived motivators and barriers to, in-hospital exercise of hospitalized older adults. DESIGN: Qualitative study using the framework theory. SETTING: Public hospital general medical wards. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight English- or Spanish-speaking inpatients aged 65 to 103. MEASUREMENTS: Semistructured interviews were conducted at the bedside. Questions explored ...
Lépy M-C - - 2012
The second part of an intercomparison of the coincidence summing correction methods is presented. This exercise concerned three volume sources, filled with liquid radioactive solution. The same experimental spectra, decay scheme and photon emission intensities were used by all the participants. The results were expressed as coincidence summing corrective factors ...
McGregor A H AH Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, London, UK. - - 2012
This study evaluated an evidence-based education booklet developed for patients undergoing spinal surgery which was used as a treatment intervention in a multi-centre, factorial, randomised controlled trial (FASTER: Function after spinal treatment, exercise and rehabilitation) investigating the post-operative management of spinal surgery patients. This study sought to determine the acceptability ...
Siegel Rodney - - 2012
Exercising in hot environments results in a rise in core body temperature; an effect associated with impaired performance over a variety of exercise modes and durations. Precooling has become a popular strategy to combat this impairment, as evidence has shown it to be an effective method for lowering pre-exercise core ...
Feldman-Stewart Deb - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine if particular values clarification exercises included in a patient decision aid had discernible impact on postdecisional regret in patients with early-stage prostate cancer. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial compared 2 versions of a computerized patient decision aid: only structured information compared to the structured information plus ...
Rundell Kenneth William - - 2012
Unfavourable effects on the respiratory and the cardiovascular systems from short-term and long-term inhalation of air pollution are well documented. Exposure to freshly generated mixed combustion emissions such as those observed in proximity to roadways with high volumes of traffic and those from ice-resurfacing equipment are of particular concern. This ...
da Cunha Maira J - - 2012
The influence of physical exercise on the effects elicited by homocysteine on glutamate uptake and some parameters of oxidative stress, namely thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (H(2)DCF) oxidation, as well as enzymatic antioxidant activities, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat cerebral cortex were investigated. Wistar rats received subcutaneous administration ...
Díaz-Castro Javier - - 2012
Strenuous exercise induces muscle damage due to a highly increased generation of free radicals and inflammatory response and therefore, in this type of exercise, it is important to reduce both oxidative stress and inflammation, at least their negative aspects. The purpose of this study was investigate, for the first time, ...
Jia Binbin - - 2012
Hypercholesterolemia is one of the cardiovascular risk factors sensitive to preventive and control interventions. Here we created a hypercholesterolemia model to investigate the effect of the long term aerobic exercise (swimming) on the hemorheology of rats fed with high-fat diet. We found that the rats fed with high-fat diet developed ...
Stolee Paul - - 2012
Objective: Exercise programs have been found to have substantial benefits for older persons, but implementing these programs with frail homebound seniors is challenging. The project team aimed to evaluate an in-home exercise program for older adults - the Victorian Order of Nurses' for Canada's SMART (Seniors Maintaining Active Roles Together)® ...
Bentley David J - - 2012
This study examined the acute effects of a single dose of an antioxidant (AO; Lactaway(®)containing pycnogenol) on time to fatigue (TTF). Nine trained cyclists [mean ± SD age 35 ± 10 yrs; body mass 71.6 ± 10.2 kg; VO(2)peak 63 ± 11 ml/kg/min] performed on two separate occasions a continuous ...
Kay Anthony D - - 2012
The benefits of preexercise muscle stretching have been recently questioned after reports of significant poststretch reductions in force and power production. However, methodological issues and equivocal findings have prevented a clear consensus being reached. As no detailed systematic review exists, the literature describing responses to acute static muscle stretch was ...
Schleicher Molly M - - 2012
The risk of accidental falls and fall-related injuries increases with age. Regular physical exercises can delay the age-related changes affecting postural balance and reduce the risk of falls. Although Tai Chi (TC) has become a popular exercise among the elderly, does regular TC exercise lead to fewer falls and fall-related ...
Martins Edgard - - 2012
The probes allow the pilot to control the aircraft speed was essential to the balance of the flight. Opinions of experts who claim that "the design of the plane would have exercised a not inconsiderable role in the occurrence of a disaster. " These messages revealed a series of important ...
Polyviou Thelma P - - 2012
It has been shown that supplementation with creatine (Cr) and glycerol (Gly), when combined with glucose (Glu) necessary for the enhancement of Cr uptake by skeletal muscle, induces significant improvements in thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses during exercise in the heat. To determine whether Cr/Gly-induced thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses are maintained ...
Brody Lori Thein - - 2011
The prescription of an effective therapeutic exercise program requires the right dosage of the right exercise, at the right time for that patient. The therapist must understand and apply training principles effectively in the presence of pathology, injury, or otherwise unhealthy tissue. The intervention goal is to close the gap ...
Küpper T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: International guidelines recommend short- (SABA) or long-acting b-agonists for the prevention of bronchoconstriction after exercise (EIB) in patients with exercise-induced asthma (EIA). However, other drugs are still in discussion for the prevention of EIB. We investigated the efficacy of a combination of inhaled sodium cromoglycate and the β-mimetic drug ...
Giles Luisa V - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of short-term normoxic and hypoxic exercise on plasma endothelin-1 and nitric oxide levels, and the relationship of arterial compliance and pulmonary artery pressure to endothelin-1. Seven endurance-trained males completed two incremental and two steady-state exercise tests performed at ventilatory ...
Yerokhin Vadim - - 2011
ABSTRACT Research demonstrates a positive effect of aerobic exercise on cognitive functioning in older adults. Unfortunately, aerobic exercise is often contraindicated for older adults due to cardiovascular and functional limitations. Low-intensity strengthening exercise may offer a practical alternative, but the neuropsychological benefits and potential neurophysiological mechanisms are less well understood. ...
Moreira Sérgio R - - 2011
This study compared the effects of resistance exercise (RE) intensities on blood glucose (GLUC) of individuals without (ND) and with type-2 diabetes (T2D). Nine individuals with T2D and ten ND performed: 1) RE-circuit at 23% of one repetition maximum (1RM) (RE_L); 2) RE-circuit at 43%1RM (RE_M); and 3) control session ...
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