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Pappas Evangelos E http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8340-0303 Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Center of Ioannina, School of Medicine, Ioannina, - - 2014
Some injury prevention programmes aim to reduce the risk of ACL rupture. Although the most common athletic task leading to ACL rupture is cutting, there is currently no consensus on how injury prevention programmes influence cutting task biomechanics. To systematically review and synthesise the scientific literature regarding the influence of ...
Sia I I Swallow Research Laboratory, Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, - - 2014
Variability in magnitude of deglutitional hyolaryngeal excursion in patients with dysphagia suggests that it does not adequately represent the kinematics of swallowing difficulties or recovery following rehabilitation. On the other hand, reduced hyolaryngeal excursion velocity has been reported in patients with dysphagia. While increased movement velocity often accompanies clinical and ...
Zalai David D Semmelweis University School of PhD Studies, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science Alkotás u. 44 H-1123 Budapest - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to examine the quality of functional movement patterns among one of Hungary's first league soccer clubs, where the elite male football players (N = 20) utilize the well-established Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS) system; a comprehensive functional program designed to determine and identify the quality ...
Sutherlin Mark A MA University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Individuals with a history of low back pain (LBP) may present with decreased hip abduction strength and increased trunk or gluteus maximus (GMax) fatigability. However, the effect of hip abduction exercise on hip muscle function has not been previously reported. To compare hip abduction torque and muscle activation of the ...
Kawamoto Jon-Erik JE School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland , Newfoundland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate different intensities of unilateral fatiguing dynamic quadriceps contractions on non-exercised, contralateral quadriceps performance. In a randomized crossover study design with 12 recreationally trained male (1.78 ± 0.05 m, 84.5 ± 7.6 kg, 30.0 ± 8.5 yrs) participants, maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, ...
Sugimoto Dai D The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA Sports Medicine Biodynamics Center and Human Performance Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA College of Health Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
Clinical trials have demonstrated that preventive neuromuscular training (PNMT) can be effective to reduce ACL injuries in young females. However, the magnitude of the overall effect of PNMT for ACL injury reduction has not reached consensus. In addition, the effects of individual exercises in PNMT that optimise ACL injury reduction ...
Giggins Oonagh M - - 2014
Accurate assessments of adherence and exercise performance are required in order to ensure that patients adhere to and perform their rehabilitation exercises correctly within the home environment. Inertial sensors have previously been advocated as a means of achieving these requirements, by using them as an input to an exercise biofeedback ...
Mulder E E Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a short and versatile daily exercise regime, named locomotion replacement training (LRT), to maintain muscle size, isometric strength, power, and endurance capacity of the leg muscles following 5 days of head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest. 10 male subjects (age 29.4 ± 5.9 years; height 178.8 ± 3.7 cm; body mass ...
Hosseinzadeh Mahdi M a Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology (HST), School of Medicine, Aalborg University (AAU), Fredrik Bajers vej 7D-3, DK 9220 Aalborg, - - 2014
The aim of this randomized controlled cross-over study was to investigate the effect of a bout of unaccustomed eccentric exercise (ECC) followed by a consecutive bout of the same intensity on local muscle blood flow, amplitude and frequency of the electromyographic (EMG) signal from the exercised tibialis anterior (TA) muscle. ...
Winter Tina T a Center for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery , University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus , - - 2014
Abstract The influence of a 12-week-proprioceptive training on functional ankle stability was investigated in young speed skaters. Twenty-eight speed skaters were randomly divided into an intervention (n = 14) and into a control group (n = 14). A 15-min circle training was performed 5 times per week over a 12-week period. Measurements were taken ...
Akagi Ryota R College of Systems Engineering and Science, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama, Japan Department of Sports Science, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, Japan - - 2014
Muscle hardness indicates muscle condition, and its measurement before and after resistance exercise is essential for preventing resistance training-induced muscle injury. To investigate muscle hardness of the triceps brachii (TB) before and immediately after a resistance exercise session involving the elbow extensors. In 18 young men, muscle hardness of the ...
Baroni Bruno Manfredini BM Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Sarmento Leite St., 245, Porto Alegre, RS, 90050-170, Brazil, - - 2014
Eccentric training has been popularized for physical conditioning and prevention/rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders, especially due to the expressive responses in terms of muscular strength gain. In view of evidence that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is able to increase exercise performance and accelerate post-exercise recovery, the aim of this study was ...
Zhang Ming M Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Xuzhou, 221009, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine the clinical effectiveness of scapulothoracic joint control training exercises on shoulder joint dysfunction. Forty patients with traumatic shoulder pain and joint dysfunction were randomized into the treatment or control group. Standard rehabilitation interventions included glenohumeral joint mobilization techniques, ultrasound therapy, traditional Chinese ...
Clausen Brian - - 2014
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a mechanically driven disease, and it is suggested that medial tibiofemoral knee-joint load increases with pharmacologic pain relief, indicating that pharmacologic pain relief may be positively associated with disease progression. Treatment modalities that can both relieve pain and reduce knee-joint load would be preferable. The knee-joint ...
Tsuruike Masaaki M Graduate Athletic Training Education Program, Department of Kinesiology, San José State University, - - 2014
Context :  Proper scapular function during humeral elevation, such as upward rotation, external rotation, and posterior tilting of the scapula, is necessary to prevent shoulder injury. However, the appropriate intensity of rehabilitation exercise for the periscapular muscles has yet to be clarified. Objective :  To identify the serratus anterior, lower ...
Blackwell Jamie J Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Exeter, - - 2014
In mouse models, CCAAT enhancer-binding protein beta (CEBPB) is necessary for M2 macrophage-mediated regeneration after muscle injury. In humans, CEBPB expression in blood was strongly associated with muscle strength. In this study we aimed to test whether CEBPB expression in blood in people is increased 2 days after exercise designed to ...
Kendall Karen D KD Running Injury Clinic, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Canada; School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of two exercise programmes in reducing pain and disability for individuals with non-specific low back pain and to examine the underlying mechanical factors related to pain and disability for individuals with NSLBP. A single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Eighty participants were recruited from eleven community-based general medical ...
Ageberg Eva E 1Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden 2Institute of Sports Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Exercise is recommended as first-line treatment of degenerative knee disease. Our hypothesis is that neuromuscular exercise is feasible and at least as effective as tradionally used strength or aerobic training, but aims to more closely target the sensorimotor deficiencies and functional instability associated with the degenerative knee disease than traditionally ...
Gong Won-Tae WT Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene University, Wolbong Ro 48, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-Si, Chungcheongnam-do 330-718, Korea. Tel.: +82 41 570 4286; Fax: +82 41 570 7925; E-mail: - - 2014
In the present study, we aimed to examine the changes in the thickness of the transversus abdominis (TrA) and internal oblique (Io) muscles using ultrasonography in adults who performed bridge exercises with the abdominal drawing-in maneuver and a sling and received micro vibrations. In total, 32 subjects were divided into ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at - - 2014
Context :  Fatigue is suggested to be a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament injury. Fatiguing exercise can affect neuromuscular control and laxity of the knee joint, which may render the knee less able to resist externally applied loads. Few authors have examined the effects of fatiguing exercise on knee ...
Fouré Alexandre A 1Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, CRMBM UMR 7339, Marseille, France 2APHM, La Conception Hospital, Department of Rheumatology, Marseille, France 3APHM, La Timone Hospital, CEMEREM, Imaging Center, Marseille, - - 2014
Although it has been largely acknowledged that isometric neuromuscular electrostimulation (NMES) exercise induces larger muscle damage than voluntary contractions, the corresponding effects on muscle energetics remains to be determined. Voluntary exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) has been reported to have minor slight effects on muscle metabolic response to subsequent dynamic exercise ...
Calatayud Joaquin J Research Group in Sport and Health, Laboratory of Physical Activity and Health, Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
Exercises that aim to stimulate muscular hypertrophy and increase neural drive to the muscle fibers should be used during rehabilitation. Thus, it is of interest to identify optimal exercises that efficiently achieve high muscle activation levels. The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle activation levels during push-up ...
Kang Min-Hyeok MH Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] We investigated the effects of shoulder flexion loaded by an elastic tubing band during squat exercises, by assessing electromyographic activities of the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius. [Subjects] In total, 17 healthy males were recruited. [Methods] Participants performed squat exercises with and without shoulder flexion loaded by a tubing ...
Cho Seong-Il SI Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Institute for Safety Promotion, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week balance exercise and elastic-resistance exercise program on muscle strength and balance of the old-old elderly (over the age of 75). [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-five elderly persons were recruited from the community and assigned to three groups ...
Cho Sung-Hak SH Department of Physical Therapy, Catholic University of Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] Although the Push-Up Plus is a useful exercise method for shoulder stabilization, few studies have examined its effects at different angles of shoulder rotation. Therefore, the present study investigated the most effective exercise method for shoulder stabilization by analyzing muscle activities of the rotator cuff muscles at different angles ...
Ko Dae-Sik DS Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Chosun University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of core stability exercise (CSE) on the physical and psychological functions of elderly women while negotiating general obstacles. [Subjects and Methods] After allocating 10 elderly women each to the core stability training group and the control group, we ...
Lee Yang-Soo YS Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of strength training using a sliding rehabilitation machine (SRM) on the gait function of cerebral palsy children. [Subjects and Methods] Thirteen children aged 6-18 years participated in the SRM training for 8 weeks (30 min/day, 2 times/week). The SRM ...
Radaelli Regis R Exercise Research Laboratory (LAPEX), Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Rua Felizardo, 750-Bairro Jardim Botânico, 90690-200, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, - - 2014
The strength training has been shown to be effective for attenuating the age-related physiological decline. However, the adequate volume of strength training volume adequate to promote improvements, mainly during the initial period of training, still remains controversial. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a ...
Aoyama Tomoki T Department of Physical Therapy, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the feasibility and safety of implementing a 12-week rehabilitation program after mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) transplantation augmented by vascularized bone grafting for idiopathic osteonecrosis (ION) of the femoral head. A prospective case series SETTING: University clinical research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Ten participants with ION who received MSC transplantation augmented ...
Romanazzi Matteo M Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
To facilitate the greatest transfer of improvements to athletic performance or daily activity, the resistance training exercises employed by athletic or recreationally trained individuals must be selected considering biomechanical similarity to meet the specific demands of their sport or activity. The purpose of this study was to compare intralimb joint ...
Fernandez-Gonzalo Rodrigo - - 2014
Resistance exercise comprising eccentric (ECC) muscle actions enhances muscle strength and function to aid stroke patients in conducting daily tasks. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a novel ECC-overload flywheel resistance exercise paradigm to induce muscle and functional performance adaptations in chronic stroke patients. Twelve ...
Valier Alison R AR Athletic Training Program, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, A.T. Still University, Mesa, - - 2014
Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint and is often associated with shoulder impingement. The annual incidence of shoulder pain is estimated to be 7% of all injuries, and is the third most common cause of musculoskeletal pain. Initial treatment of shoulder impingement follows a conservative plan and emphasizes rehabilitation ...
Congnard Florian F Physical Activity and Sport Learning Institute (IFEPSA), Angers, - - 2014
Ankle to brachial index after heavy load exercise is the most accurate way of diagnosing minor arterial lesions in athletes, such as endofibrosis. The reliability and practical aspects of ankle to brachial index measurements after heavy-load exercise have not been studied. The purpose of this study was to analyze the ...
Steele James J Centre for Health, Exercise and Sport Science, Southampton Solent University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is prevalent, costly, and acknowledged as multifactorial in nature. However, deconditioning of the lumbar extensor musculature may be a common factor. Thus specific resistance exercise is often recommended. Many resistance exercises for the lumbar extensors exist though recent evidence suggests isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) resistance ...
Lee Ji-Hyun JH Applied Kinesiology and Ergonomic Technology Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Baekwoon-kwan, 1 Yonseidae-gil, Wonju, Kangwon-do, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Background: There are various methods for rehabilitating round-shoulder posture (RSP), including strengthening exercises, stretching, and using a shoulder brace or taping to correct the altered posture. However, no study has determined which intervention is the most effective of the three methods to decrease RSP (intervention #1: scapular posterior tilting exercise ...
Brunelli Stefano S IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Via Ardeatina 306, 00179 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the reduction in phantom pain and sensation with combined training of progressive muscle relaxation, mental imagery and phantom exercises. Randomized controlled prospective trial with two parallel groups. Amputee unit of a Rehabilitation Hospital. Fifty-one subjects with unilateral lower limb amputation with Phantom Limb Pain (PLP) and/or Phantom Limb ...
Williams N N Department of Kinesiology, California Baptist University, Riverside, CA, United States of America - - - 2014
To determine if two different warm--up protocols differently affect torque of the quadriceps and hamstrings, and electromyography (EMG) output of the rectus femoris (RF) and vastus lateralis (VL) when completing 30 maximal leg extensions and curls. Twenty--one healthy male (n=8) and female (n=13) subjects volunteered to participate in a familiarization ...
Marcellin-Little Denis J DJ Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, NCSU CVM VHC #2563, 1052 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607-4065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Optimal function after injury, surgery, or in patients with chronic conditions requires adequate motion in joints, muscles, tendon, fascia, and skin. Range of motion and stretching exercises are commonly used in companion animal rehabilitation programs to maintain or improve motion of musculoskeletal tissues. Range of motion exercises and stretching prevent ...
Shamsi MohammadBagher M Physiotherapy Department, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) , Tehran , Iran - - 2014
Abstract It is a matter of controversy whether core stability exercise is preferred to other types of exercise for chronic low back pain. Lumbopelvic stability is an important element in low back pain. No study was found using lumbopelvic stability tests in comparing core stability and other exercises. The single ...
Park Kyung-Hee KH Department of Physical therapy, Masan University, Changwon, South - - 2014
The prone trunk extension (PTE) exercise is often used to strengthen the back extensors. Although altered trunk posture is associated with movement impairment, the influences of a slouched thoracic posture on muscle activity of the thoracic erector spinae and thoracic movement during the PTE exercise were overlooked in previous studies. ...
Hart Joseph M JM University of Virginia, - - 2014
Context :  Persistent muscle weakness after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction may be due to underlying activation failure and (AMI). Knee-joint cryotherapy has been shown to improve quadriceps function transiently in those with AMI, thereby providing an opportunity to improve quadriceps muscle activation and strength in patients with a reconstructed ...
Muhtarogullari Mehmet - - 2014
To evaluate efficiency of pivot splints in jaw exercises, in combination with stabilization splints, in cases of anterior disc displacement without reduction of temporomandibular joint.Subjects and methods: Twenty-three patients who referred to the prosthodontics clinic in 1995-1997 were included in the study, where anterior disc displacement without reduction of temporomandibular ...
Stensrud Silje S From the Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark (SS, EMR); and Norwegian Research Center for Active Rehabilitation, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, and Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a 12-wk exercise therapy program and arthroscopic partial meniscectomy on knee strength and functional performance in middle-aged patients with degenerative meniscus tears. A total of 82 patients (mean age, 49 yrs; 35% women) with a symptomatic, unilateral, magnetic resonance ...
Assis Livia L From the Department of Bioscience, Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise training protocol and low-level laser therapy (and the association of both treatments) on musculoskeletal atrophy using an experimental model of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group, knee OA ...
Franettovich Smith Melinda M - - 2014
Exercise related leg pain (ERLP) is a common lower limb overuse injury characterised by pain located between the knee and ankle that occurs during activity. The high incidence of the condition, subsequent interference with participation in physical activity and substantial recovery time, highlights a need for effective interventions. Whilst many ...
Byun Sunghak S Good Posture Association, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to verify the effect of posture correctional programs using basic TaeKwonDo movements. [Subjects] The subjects were TaeKwonDo trainees attending an elementary school in B city. They were separated into experimental and control groups according to posture problems found during posture analysis. [Methods] The ...
Nam Chan-Woo CW Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the influence of exercise on an unstable surface on ROM of the knee, muscle strength and the physical function of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. [Subjects] The subjects were 30 patients diagnosed with degenerative osteoarthritis of the knee, they were divided into an experimental group ...
Goo Young-Mi YM Dang Dang Oriental Medical Clinic, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of different weight-bearing postures on the activation of the abductor hallucis muscle during foot-arch exercises. [Subjects] The study recruited 11 healthy volunteers who were pain-free, had no history of foot or ankle surgery, and were able to maintain a standing posture. [Methods] The subjects ...
Paquette Max R MR Department of Health & Sport Sciences, University of Memphis, Memphis, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare lower extremity joint angular position and muscle activity during elliptical exercise using different foot positions and, on a lateral elliptical trainer. Sixteen men exercised on a lateral elliptical and on a standard elliptical trainer using straight foot position, increased toe-out angle and, ...
Ganesh G Shankar GS Department of Physiotherapy, Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research , Olatpur, Cuttack, Orissa , - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: While studies have looked into the effects of Maitland mobilization on symptom relief, to date, no work has specifically looked at the effects of Mulligan mobilization. The objective of this work was to compare the effectiveness of Maitland and Mulligan's mobilization and exercises on pain response, range of ...
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