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Williams N N Department of Kinesiology, California Baptist University, Riverside, CA, United States of America - - - 2014
To determine if two different warm--up protocols differently affect torque of the quadriceps and hamstrings, and electromyography (EMG) output of the rectus femoris (RF) and vastus lateralis (VL) when completing 30 maximal leg extensions and curls. Twenty--one healthy male (n=8) and female (n=13) subjects volunteered to participate in a familiarization ...
Shamsi MohammadBagher M Physiotherapy Department, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) , Tehran , Iran - - 2014
Abstract It is a matter of controversy whether core stability exercise is preferred to other types of exercise for chronic low back pain. Lumbopelvic stability is an important element in low back pain. No study was found using lumbopelvic stability tests in comparing core stability and other exercises. The single ...
Hart Joseph M JM University of Virginia, - - 2014
Context :  Persistent muscle weakness after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction may be due to underlying activation failure and (AMI). Knee-joint cryotherapy has been shown to improve quadriceps function transiently in those with AMI, thereby providing an opportunity to improve quadriceps muscle activation and strength in patients with a reconstructed ...
Muhtarogullari Mehmet - - 2014
To evaluate efficiency of pivot splints in jaw exercises, in combination with stabilization splints, in cases of anterior disc displacement without reduction of temporomandibular joint.Subjects and methods: Twenty-three patients who referred to the prosthodontics clinic in 1995-1997 were included in the study, where anterior disc displacement without reduction of temporomandibular ...
Stensrud Silje S From the Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark (SS, EMR); and Norwegian Research Center for Active Rehabilitation, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, and Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a 12-wk exercise therapy program and arthroscopic partial meniscectomy on knee strength and functional performance in middle-aged patients with degenerative meniscus tears. A total of 82 patients (mean age, 49 yrs; 35% women) with a symptomatic, unilateral, magnetic resonance ...
Assis Livia L From the Department of Bioscience, Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise training protocol and low-level laser therapy (and the association of both treatments) on musculoskeletal atrophy using an experimental model of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Fifty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group, knee OA ...
Franettovich Smith Melinda M - - 2014
Exercise related leg pain (ERLP) is a common lower limb overuse injury characterised by pain located between the knee and ankle that occurs during activity. The high incidence of the condition, subsequent interference with participation in physical activity and substantial recovery time, highlights a need for effective interventions. Whilst many ...
Paquette Max R MR Department of Health & Sport Sciences, University of Memphis, Memphis, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare lower extremity joint angular position and muscle activity during elliptical exercise using different foot positions and, on a lateral elliptical trainer. Sixteen men exercised on a lateral elliptical and on a standard elliptical trainer using straight foot position, increased toe-out angle and, ...
Ganesh G Shankar GS Department of Physiotherapy, Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research , Olatpur, Cuttack, Orissa , - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: While studies have looked into the effects of Maitland mobilization on symptom relief, to date, no work has specifically looked at the effects of Mulligan mobilization. The objective of this work was to compare the effectiveness of Maitland and Mulligan's mobilization and exercises on pain response, range of ...
Yoon Ji-Yeon JY Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, INJE University, Gimhae, - - 2014
Forward bending is frequently performed in daily activities. However, excessive lumbar flexion during forward bending has been reported as a risk factor for low back pain. Therefore, we examined the effects of an exercise strategy using a stick on the angular displacement and movement onset of lumbar and hip flexion ...
Van Damme Benedicte B Center for Musculoskeletal Medicine & Rehabilitation, Military Hospital Queen Astrid, Brussels, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Movement control impairments (MCI) are often present in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NS-CLBP). Therefore, movement control exercises are widely used to rehabilitate patients. However, the objective assessment remains difficult. The purpose of this study was to develop a statistical model, based on logistic regression analysis, to differentiate ...
Kuenze Christopher C Department of Kinesiology and Sport Sciences, University of Miami, Coral Gables, - - 2014
Context :  Sex differences in lower extremity neuromuscular function have been reported after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Research evidence supports different levels of fatigability in men and women and between patients with ACLR and healthy controls. The influence of sex on the response to continuous exercise in patients with ...
Chen Che-Hsiu CH School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine whether an acute bout of active or dynamic hamstring stretching exercises to reduce the amount of muscle damage observed after a strenuous eccentric task and to determine whether the stretching protocols elicit similar responses. A randomized controlled clinical trial. Thirty-six young male ...
Cantergi Débora D Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Exercise Research Laboratory, School of Physical Education, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Considering the kinematics of leg extensions performed on a Reformer apparatus, one would expect high activation of hip and knee extensor muscle groups. However, because of the bi-articular nature of some lower limb muscles, and the possibility to vary the direction of force application on the Reformer bar, muscles can ...
Orishimo Karl F KF Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma, Lenox Hill Hospital, 100 E. 77th St., 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10075, - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to document relative activation intensities of the hamstrings and gluteus maximus during 4 eccentric hamstring strengthening exercises and to assess the effects of a short-term strengthening program comprised of these exercises on knee flexor strength and the length-tension relationship. Twelve healthy subjects participated in ...
Rathleff Michael Skovdal MS 1Orthopaedic Surgery Research Unit, Aalborg University Hospital, Soendre Skovvej 15, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark. 2Arthroscopic Centre Amager, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Italiensvej 1, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark. 3Clinical Research Centre, and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650 Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark 4Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Research - Copenhagen (PMR-C), Department of Physical Therapy, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650 Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark 5The Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark 6Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650 Hvidovre, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of automatically stored exercise-data from the elastic band sensor© compared to a gold-standard stretchsensor during exercises commonly used for rehabilitation of the hip and knee. The design was a concurrent validity study. Participants performed three sets of 10 repetitions of ...
Ye Xin X Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of concentric vs. eccentric exercise on isometric strength, force steadiness, and surface electromyographic (EMG) responses of the forearm flexors. Fifteen resistance-trained men (mean ± SD age = 23.7 ± 3.5 years; height = 178.9 ± 4.7 cm; body weight ...
Sidorkewicz Natalie N Spine Biomechanics Laboratory, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Improving activity and strength of the gluteus medius muscle is a common goal among clinicians aiming to rehabilitate lower extremity and low back injuries. The functional anatomy of the hip is complex, particularly how position-dependent the activity and strength of many muscles surrounding the hip are, and the optimal exercise ...
Chang Chih-Ya CY C-Y. Chang, MD, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tri-Service General Hospital, and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City, - - 2014
There are few reports in the literature of adverse effects resulting from massage therapy (MT), and no reports of brachial plexus injury (BPI) associated with MT. Here, we report an uncommon case of BPI that developed after a session of MT and review previously published reports of peripheral nerve injury ...
Leardini Alberto - - 2014
Several rehabilitation systems based on inertial measurement units (IMU) are entering the market for the control of exercises and to measure performance progression, particularly for recovery after lower limb orthopaedic treatments. IMU are easy to wear also by the patient alone, but the extent to which IMU's malpositioning in routine ...
Demir S S Ankara Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Education & Research Hospital, Physical Medicine & RehabilitationClinic, Beysukent,Ankara,Turkey - - - 2014
Various lumbar exercise programs are prescribed for rehabilitation purposes following microdiscectomy applied for the treatment of lumbar disk herniation. The literature contains several studies on this subject. However, there are no studies investigating the effects of supervised dynamic lumbar stabilization exercises on fear and fear/regression attitudes of patients and on ...
Jubeau Marc M 1Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, CRMBM UMR 7339, Marseille, France. 2Laboratory 'Motricité, Interactions, Performance', University of Nantes, Nantes, - - 2014
This study compared the metabolic and activation changes induced by electrically-evoked (NMES) and voluntary (VOL) contractions performed at the same submaximal intensity using P chemical shift imaging (CSI) and T2 mapping investigations. Fifteen healthy subjects were asked to perform both NMES and VOL protocols with the knee extensors (i.e., 232 ...
Di Maria Michael V MV The Cardiac Center, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Division of Pediatric Cardiology, The Perelman School of Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
In children, there is limited information regarding the relative contribution of left ventricular (LV) apical and basal rotation to increase LV pump function with exercise. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a progressive increase in LV pump function with exercise is related to increased LV ...
Park Se-Yeon SY Department of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
This experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of hand and knee positions on muscular activity during back extension exercises with the Roman chair. Eighteen asymptomatic male amateur athletes performed four prone back extension exercises with two hand positions (crossed-arms and behind-the-head), and two knee positions (extended knee and ...
Lazzarini M'Lyn M Research Associate, Center for Rehabilitation Research, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate if differences in spinal height changes in healthy individuals were observed after a period of spinal unloading using repetitive as compared with sustained lumbar extension exercises. This study used a pretest, posttest, crossover design. Asymptomatic participants were recruited using convenience sampling. Thirty-two ...
Loenneke Jeremy P JP Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, - - 2014
Introduction: An unresolved question in resistance training combined with blood flow restriction (BFR) is what percentage of estimated arterial occlusion pressure provides the most robust acute muscular response. Methods: Forty participants were assigned to Experiments 1, 2, or 3. Each experiment completed exercise protocols differing by pressure, exercise load, and/or ...
Dos Santos Adriana Neves AN Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina , Ararangua , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To verify the effect of Pilates exercises in a child with cerebral palsy (CP) with mild functional impairment. Methods: We evaluated average peak torque of ankle and knee extensors/flexors using a Biodex System, using concentric active-assisted test. We also evaluated amplitude of anterior-posterior and of medial-lateral displacement of ...
Rudolfsson Thomas T , Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, Gävle, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the effect of neck coordination exercise on sensorimotor function in women with neck pain compared with best-available treatment and sham treatment. Design: Observer-blinded randomized controlled trial with short-term and 6-month follow-ups. Subjects: Women with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomized to 3 groups: neck coordination exercise with ...
Maia Marianna F MF 1School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and 2Department of Kinesiology and Sports Studies, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, - - 2014
Maia, MF, Willardson, JM, Paz, GA, and Miranda, H. Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation. J Strength Cond Res 28(9): 2529-2535, 2014-Recent evidence suggests that exercising the antagonist musculature acutely enhances subsequent performance for the agonist musculature. The purpose of this ...
Berschin Gereon G Department of Sports Science and Motology, Philipps-University Marburg , Marburg, - - 2014
The suitability and effectiveness of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise in rehabilitation after injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) was studied using a specially designed WBV protocol. We wanted to test the hypothesis if WBV leads to superior short term results regarding neuromuscular performance (strength and coordination) and would ...
Mulder E E Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, - - 2014
We tested whether intermittent standing or a combination of heel raising, squatting and hopping exercises was sufficient to prevent alteration in balance and gait following a 5-day bed rest. This cross-over design study was performed with 10 male subjects during 6° head down tilt: (a) with no countermeasure; (b) while ...
Shujaat Faiza F Faiza Shujaat, MSPT, Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness of kayaking exercises in the management of axial rigidity, improve bed mobility by improving trunk rotation in Parkinson's patients. Experimental randomized controlled trail conducted at Physiotherapy department of IPM&R, DUHS and neurology Outpatient Department of Civil Hospital Karachi. Sample size of 48 was calculated with the ...
Khan Muhammad M Department of Physiotherapy, Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of isometric exercises as compared to general exercises in chronic non-specific neck pain. For this randomised controlled trial total 68 patients (34 each group) with chronic non-specific neck pain were recruited from Alain Poly Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Dow University of Health ...
Chang Wen-Dien WD Department of Sports Medicine, China Medical University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The muscle strength of the quadriceps muscle is critical in patellofemoral pain syndrome. The quadriceps muscle supplies the power for dynamic patellar movement, and the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) enable the patella to stabilize during tracking. We followed the theories about open and closed kinetic ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] We investigated the effects of individual strengthening exercises for subdivisions of the gluteus medius in a patient with sacroiliac joint pain. [Subject] A 32 year-old female who complained of pain in the posterior area of the left iliac crest and sacroiliac joints over a period of 6 months was the ...
Yu Jaeho J Department of Physical Therapy, Sun Moon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify changes in muscle activation by comparing muscle activities of the affected side (AS) and non-affected side (NAS) during eccentric and concentric exercises in runners with unilateral Achilles tendinopathy. [Subjects] The study included 18 participants consisting of men and women with chronic Achilles tendinopathy in ...
Elsaesser S S AR Butler, Purdie Building, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9ST, UK. Email - - 2014
Scoliosis is the abnormal lateral curvature and rotation of the spine. In the past this deformity has been linked with moral depravity, as in the case of Richard III. Treatment for scoliosis began with Hippocrates's use of boards and axial distortion. Today, bracing and surgery are used either to correct ...
Joseph Corey W CW a Clinical Research Centre for Movement Disorders and Gait, Southern Health Centre , Cheltenham , VIC , - - 2014
Eccentric contractions that provide spring energy can also cause muscle damage. The aim of this study was to explore leg and vertical stiffness following muscle damage induced by an eccentric exercise protocol. Twenty active males completed 60 minutes of backward-walking on a treadmill at 0.67 m/s and a gradient of - 8.5° ...
Beitzel Knut K Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Straße 22, 81675, Munich, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to develop a preventive exercise protocol based on structural and functional changes present in shoulder joints of young throwing athletes. As a proof of concept, these changes were previously evaluated in a cross-section of high-performance junior javelin throwers. Thirteen members of the German and ...
Cotter Joshua A JA 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA; 3Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Long Beach, CA; 4Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
To examine the effect of a high-intensity concurrent training program utilizing a single gravity-independent device on maintaining skeletal muscle function and aerobic capacity during short-term unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS). Nineteen subjects (10 male; 9 female; 21.0 ± 2.5 yr, 65.4 ± 12.2 kg) were separated into 2 groups: 1) ...
Mat Sumaiyah S Department of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
osteoarthritis (OA) of knee has been reported as a risk factor for falls and reduced balance in the elderly. This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of physical therapies in improving balance and reducing falls risk among patients with knee OA. a computerised search was performed to identify relevant studies up ...
Sil Soumitri S Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders - - 2014
Objective: Juvenile Fibromyalgia (JFM) is characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain and marked reduction in physical activity. Despite recommendations for exercise to manage JFM pain, exercise adherence is poor. Due to pain and activity avoidance, adolescents with JFM are at risk for altered joint mechanics that may make them susceptible to ...
Lewis Clare C Professor, Sacramento State University, Physical Therapy Department, Sacramento State University, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine if the use of Active Therapeutic Movement Version 2 (ATM2) device and home exercises using the Mulligan's mobilization-with-movement concept by subjects with scoliosis would result in postural improvement and to document any changes in trunk range of motion and quality of ...
Chang Ke-Vin KV Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital-Bei-Hu Branch, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
Postoperative shoulder stiffness complicates functional recovery after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. To compare early passive range of motion (ROM) exercise with a delayed rehabilitation protocol with regard to the effectiveness of stiffness reduction and functional improvements and rates of improper healing in patients undergoing arthroscopic repair for torn rotator cuffs. ...
Knoop J J Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Centre, Reade, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although exercise therapy is effective for reducing pain and activity limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate if improvements in neuromuscular factors (i.e. upper leg muscle strength and knee proprioception) underlie the beneficial effects of exercise therapy in patients with ...
Rayegani Seyed Mansoor SM Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital , Tehran, - - 2014
We designed a randomized clinical trial with control group, to investigate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on pain, stiffness, function and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Patients were randomly divided in two groups. For both groups of participants, therapeutic exercise was prescribed. In the PRP ...
Kim Myung-Chul MC Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Eulji University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine range of motion (ROM) and the muscle activity of stroke patients during obstacle task on the ground and underwater. [Subjects] The subjects of this study were seven stroke patients in a hospital located in Daejeon, South Korea. [Methods] The measurements in ...
Park Yongnam Y Department of Physical Therapy, Daewon College, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to verify the change in range of motion of the temporomandibular joint on correction of scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] This study examined 31 male and female participants in their 20s and 30s with a spinal curve degree of 10° or greater. The subjects performed therapeutic exercise ...
Kim Jun-Seok JS Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study compared the effects of three exercises performed in a prone position on the selective activation of the lumbar erector spinae (LES) and lumbar multifidus (LM) muscles in healthy males to investigate the effective method for selective activation of the LM. [Subjects] Twenty-two healthy males were recruited. Surface ...
Son Sung Min SM Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance exercise training for strengthening muscles across multiple joints on the dynamic balance function of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects in the training group (n=14) and the control group (n=14) received conservative physical therapy for 30 minutes ...
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