Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 883
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Weissgerber Tracey L - - 2006
This study determined the time course of changes in resting and exercising respiratory responses during the first half of human pregnancy, and examined the potential roles of plasma osmolality and the strong ion difference ([SID]) as mediators of pregnancy-induced increases in ventilation. Healthy active women (n = 11) were studied ...
Geeraerts Brecht - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Unexplained dyspeptic symptoms are associated with changes in gastric sensorimotor function and several psychopathologic dimensions, including anxiety. It is unclear whether this reflects common predisposition or a causal relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate whether experimentally induced anxiety would alter gastric sensorimotor function in ...
Prehn Alexander - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether chemosensory anxiety signals can activate behavioral withdrawal systems in humans. Twelve male university students donated their axillary sweat in two situations: right before an oral academic examination (anxiety condition) and during ergometric training (exercise condition). Subjective ratings revealed that the ...
Knight Julia A - - 2005
Melatonin may protect against breast cancer. Light and other factors influence melatonin, but the evidence is limited. The authors conducted a study to determine factors related to melatonin. Women volunteers recruited in Toronto, Canada, from 2002 to 2004 collected urine for three nights (winter and summer), took periodic light measurements, ...
Lindseth Glenda - - 2005
Few studies exist that identify a useful self-report measure of physical activity for pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to compare the self-report exercise diary with the pedometer and determine if self-report measurement provided useful physical activity measures during pregnancy. The pregnant women's sleep, parity, and related demographic ...
Pretty Jules - - 2005
Both physical activity and exposure to nature are known separately to have positive effects on physical and mental health. We have investigated whether there is a synergistic benefit in adopting physical activities whilst being directly exposed to nature ('green exercise'). Five groups of 20 subjects were exposed to a sequence ...
Annesi James J - - 2005
Preadolescents enrolled in either a 3 times per week, 12-week exercise program (n = 50) or a no-exercise program control condition (n = 42) during their after-school care, were assessed for indication of whether exercise-induced changes in self-concept and overall negative mood were negatively correlated. Significant improvements in ratings of ...
Jones Lee W - - 2005
RATIONALE: The goal of this study was to examine oncologists' attitudes towards recommending exercise to patients with cancer during treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a national survey, all 659 practicing medical and radiation oncologists in Canada were sent a brief questionnaire. RESULTS: The response rate was 46% (281/610). The majority ...
Jones Lee W - - 2005
PURPOSE: Exercise is becoming readily accepted as a beneficial adjunct therapy to maintain or enhance quality of life in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. An essential precursor to these studies is to investigate whether exercise modulates the antitumor efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Athymic female mice were transplanted ...
Clapp J F - - 2006
The delivery of oxygen and substrate to the maternal-fetal interphase is the major maternal environmental stimulus which either up- or down-regulates feto-placental growth. During pregnancy, sustained exercise sessions cause an intermittent reduction in oxygen and substrate delivery to the interphase that may exceed 50% during the exercise but, it is ...
Hewitt Jennifer A - - 2005
To date, all epidemiological research in this area has focused on the relationship between physical activity level and the risk of breast cancer in healthy women, or more recently, those who have recovered from the disease. Most of this research highlights the fact that those women who are physically active ...
Bowles Kelly-Ann - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although sports brassieres are more effective in limiting breast motion and related breast pain when compared with standard fashion brassieres, some females do not wear sports brassieres during physical activity, as they perceive them to be too tight around the torso, possibly impeding their performance during physical activity. The ...
Nesbitt Amanda E - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that the uterine artery vasoconstrictor response to graded exercise during early gestation would be similar to the nonpregnant (NP) state and would be attenuated at mid and term gestation. Responses to graded treadmill exercise were measured in six female New Zealand White rabbits in the NP ...
De Hertogh Gert - - 2005
AIM: To examine the fetal and neonatal esophagogastric junction region (EGJ) histologically for the presence of an equivalent to adult cardiac mucosa (CM); to study the expression patterns of all cytokeratins (CK) relevant to the EGJ during gestation; to compare the CK profile of the gestational and the adult EGJ; ...
Gulati Martha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that exercise capacity is an independent predictor of mortality in women. Normative values of exercise capacity for age in women have not been well established. Our objectives were to construct a nomogram to permit determination of predicted exercise capacity for age in women and to ...
Natale Vincenzo - - 2005
It has been suggested that being an "evening type" might enhance susceptibility to non-seasonal and seasonal affective disorders (SAD). In a survey and a prospective study, we examine the relationship between mood seasonality and circadian typology. In the survey study, the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire ...
McAuley Sonja E - - 2005
This study examined the effects of aerobic conditioning during the second and third trimesters of human pregnancy on ventilatory responses to graded cycling. Previously sedentary pregnant women were assigned randomly to an exercise group (n = 14) or a nonexercising control group (n = 14). Data were collected at 15-17 ...
Bopp Melanie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) are essential for infant growth and development. The amount of long-chain PUFA in breast milk depends on maternal diet and body stores. Because exercise increases mobilization and utilization of fatty acids, maternal activity may also influence the amount of LC-PUFA in breast milk. OBJECTIVE: ...
Kuroda Kyoko - - 2005
We investigated the effects of the odor of jasmine tea on autonomic nerve activity and mood states in a total of 24 healthy volunteers. We used the odor of jasmine tea at the lowest concentration that could be detected by each subject but that did not elicit any psychological effects. ...
Braith Randy W - - 2005
Approximately 70% of all children diagnosed with malignancy become long-term survivors. Anthracycline cardiotoxicity may complicate physical performance and invite a "spectrum of disuse." There is a paucity of information derived from longitudinal, prospective, randomized clinical trials of exercise in cancer survivors, and there are no guidelines concerning the risk of ...
Mock Victoria - - 2005
Fatigue is the most prevalent and debilitating symptom experienced by breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy and few evidence-based treatments are available to manage this distressing side-effect. The purpose of this multi-institutional randomized controlled trial was to determine the effects of exercise on fatigue levels during treatment ...
Weiss Kelly Amanda K - - 2005
Staying healthy is important at any stage of life, but especially while you are pregnant. You want to give your baby the best possible start by eating right, not smoking, getting enough rest, and exercising.
Annesi James J - - 2005
Two groups of adults classified with depressed mood (10% highest scores on the Profile of Mood States-Short Form Depression scale) were contrasted on changes in POMS Depression scores over 10 weeks. The exercise group (n = 26) was given a moderate cardiovascular exercise program of 3x/week for 20 to 30 ...
Weiss Kelly Amanda K - - 2005
Many women enjoy regular exercise as a part of a healthy lifestyle and may wish to continue exercising after they become pregnant. Some previously sedentary women may want to start an exercise program during pregnancy. Primary care and sports medicine physicians should understand the contraindications (eg, hypertension, diabetes, placenta previa, ...
Milton K E - - 2005
AIM: The present study investigated the influence of personality on exercise-induced mood changes. It was hypothesised that a) exercise would be associated with significant mood enhancement across all personality types, b) extroversion would be associated with positive mood and neuroticism with negative mood both pre- and post-exercise, and c) personality ...
Matsouka O - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-wk. recreational exercise program on mood state of 55 sedentary elderly women, ages 60 to 75 years, as well to examine the minimal amount of weekly exercise needed to produce these changes. The variables comprising mood state were ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Lack of exercise and excess body weight may exacerbate treatment-related declines in quality of life (QoL) in endometrial cancer survivors. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations among exercise, body weight, and QoL in a population-based sample of endometrial cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants were 386 ...
Humpel Nancy - - 2005
The benefit of exercise for cancer patients is starting to become recognized. The purposes of this paper were to review the literature to examine whether research findings are being converted into guidelines for patients and survivors and to examine the quality of evidence on which they were based. A computer ...
Hurd William W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether shortening alters spontaneous contractility in myometrial strips that are obtained from pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Isometric contractions were measured in myometrial strips that were obtained at cesarean delivery from 14 pregnant women at term. After 2 hours of stretching, the ...
Wolfe Larry A - - 2005
This review summarizes current information on the tolerance of healthy pregnant women and their fetuses to acute strenuous exertion. Maximal aerobic power, expressed in L x min(-1), is not significantly affected in women who maintain an active lifestyle, whereas values expressed in ml x kg(-1) x min(-1) decline with advancing ...
Kardel Kristin Reimers - - 2005
This study investigates the effects of vigorous exercise during and after pregnancy in top competitive athletes. The hypothesis tested here is that training of sufficiently high volume during pregnancy can maintain initial fitness levels. A second hypothesis, that high-volume training during pregnancy in initially fit women does not pose a ...
Visovsky Constance - - 2005
Disease and cancer treatment-related side effects such as decreased energy level, muscle weakness, and declines in functional status and body mass have been well documented. There is evidence that exercise, such as low intensity aerobics walking, Tai Chi, or cycling, results in an overall decrease in fatigue levels over the ...
Kendall Adam R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and lifestyle factors may influence quality of life (QOL) outcomes in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Information on QOL (Short Form-36, SF-36), lifestyle and survivorship was collected during telephone interviews with 374 breast cancer patients, diagnosed between 1983 and 1988 at ages 40 years or younger and interviewed, on ...
Fallon Elizabeth A - - 2005
Exposure to the media's "ideal" physique increases mood and body image disturbance, especially for at-risk women. Because exercise decreases mood and body image disturbance, we examined the ability of acute aerobic exercise to moderate the negative psychological impact of exposure to media pictures of the "ideal" female body. Women reporting ...
Campbell Anna - - 2005
This pilot study examined whether exercise as an adjunctive rehabilitation therapy could benefit women who have early stage breast cancer and are currently receiving chemotherapy/radiotherapy. The study was designed as a randomised controlled trial (RCT). Physical functioning, fatigue and Quality of Life (QoL) outcomes were evaluated pre and post a ...
Krans Elizabeth E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To sample women's exercise habits and beliefs regarding exercise during pregnancy and to determine patient awareness and physician communication of ACOG's 2002 guidelines for exercise during pregnancy. METHODS: A 28-item questionnaire was completed by 211 patients at a private obstetric and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) group practice during a 4-week study ...
Bardwell Wayne A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Associations between physical and emotional stress and negative mood states have been documented in a variety of populations. In military personnel, more physical symptoms and decrements in ability to perform critical tasks have been shown to accompany such stress-induced negative mood. Most research in this area has focused on ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To present an overview of exercise interventions in cancer patients during and after treatment and evaluate dose-training response considering type, frequency, volume, and intensity of training along with expected physiological outcomes. METHODS: The review is divided into studies that incorporated cardiovascular training, combination of cardiovascular, resistance, and flexibility training, ...
Larsson Linnea - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important part of many women's lives. Women are often advised to refrain from physical exercise during pregnancy. The reason given is mainly safety, i.e. fear of maternal hyperthermia, which is known to be related to neural tube defects. However, exercise during pregnancy has not been shown ...
Cilo─člu Figen - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the patterns of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in postmenopausal Turkish women and the relationship of moderate aerobic exercise with secretion of salivary IgA and episodes of URTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety healthy, sedentary women at ages 45 to 65 years volunteered to participate in a 12-week ...
Liu Yunfa - - 2005
This study was conducted to determine whether 24-style Taijiquan (24TJQ) exhibits measurable psychological and physiological effects. Twenty-two middle-aged female subjects performed 24TJQ and cycle ergometry exercises at the same intensity determined by the same heart rate during 2 exercises. Electroencephalography and Profile of Mood State (POMS) were monitored before and ...
Kim Sang-Dol - - 2005
This study was performed to investigate the effects of a relaxation breathing exercise on anxiety, depression, and leukocyte count in patients who underwent allogenic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation. Thirty-five patients were randomly selected, with 18 assigned to an exercise group and 17 assigned to a control group. The exercise intervention ...
Lane Kirstin - - 2005
This article summarises the current research on the lymphatic system related to exercise and critically evaluates the implications for exercise performance by breast-cancer survivors. The primary role of the lymphatic system during exercise is to assist in the regulation of tissue volume and pressure by carrying fluid and plasma proteins ...
Gowans S E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To measure mood and physical function of individuals with fibromyalgia, 6 and 12 months following 23 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise. METHODS: This is a followup report of individuals who were previously enrolled in 23 weeks of land-based and water-based aerobic exercise classes. Outcomes included the 6-minute walk test, ...
Weissgerber Tracey L - - 2004
Preeclampsia affects 2-7% of pregnancies and is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite extensive study, the etiology of preeclampsia is poorly understood. Abnormal placental development, predisposing maternal constitutional factors, oxidative stress, immune maladaptation, and genetic susceptibility have all been hypothesized to contribute to the development ...
Ussher Michael - - 2004
AIM: To examine whether a brief bout of moderate intensity exercise reduces alcohol urges and mood disturbance in those with alcohol dependence. DESIGN: A counterbalanced cross-over design (within-subjects). SETTING: A hospital-based alcohol rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty males and females [mean (SD) age = 40.1 (8.2) years, mean (SD) Severity of ...
Mitchell Timothy B - - 2004
To investigate the possibility that (S)-methadone influences therapeutic and adverse responses to rac-methadone maintenance treatment, by examining how subjective and physiological responses among rac-methadone maintenance patients vary in relation to relative exposure to (S)- vs. (R)-methadone. Mood states (Profile of Mood States), opioid withdrawal (Methadone Symptoms Checklist), physiological responses (pupil ...
Filaire Edith - - 2004
The psychobiological status of cyclists over a period of 8 months of training was assessed by measuring the sympatho-adrenal level, the central noradrenergic activity, and the cortisol-testosterone ratio status noninvasively. Alteration of these indices after a large increase in training load lasting 4 days (+ 187%) was also examined. Urinary ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2004
Physical activity during breast cancer treatment can significantly reduce treatment-related fatigue and improve quality of life. Unfortunately, the majority of women with breast cancer either do not exercise at all or exercise below recommended levels. Little is known about how to enhance physical activity among breast cancer patients. The social ...
Jones Lee W - - 2004
GOALS OF THE WORK: The goal of this study was to examine the association between exercise and quality of life (QOL) in multiple myeloma cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective design, 156 multiple myeloma cancer survivors were mailed a questionnaire that assessed self-reported exercise behavior over three periods ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >