Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 856
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Karvinen Kristina H - - 2006
Exercise has gained recognition as an effective supportive care intervention for cancer survivors, yet participation rates are low. Knowledge of the specific exercise counseling and programming preferences of cancer survivors may be useful for designing effective interventions. In this study, we examined the exercise preferences of 386 endometrial cancer survivors. ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of exercise in head and neck cancer survivors and determine preliminary associations with quality of life (QoL), fatigue, and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine of 65 (91%) eligible head and neck cancer survivors recruited from an academic oncology clinic completed a self-administered survey including the ...
Berlin Ali A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptomatology is more prevalent among sedentary than physically active individuals. The present prospective study examines whether withdrawal of regular aerobic activity provokes depressive mood symptoms and fatigue, and to what extent reductions in fitness levels contribute to the development of these symptoms. METHODS: Forty participants (mean age of ...
Kim Chun-Ja - - 2006
Cardiopulmonary responses to an 8-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise intervention and adherence to exercise during and after intervention were assessed in 41 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The intervention was primarily aimed at minimizing deconditioning. Women were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group, completed graded ...
Vallance J K H - - 2006
In the present study, we examined the exercise preferences of a population-based sample of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) survivors. A secondary purpose was to explore the association between various demographic, medical, and exercise behaviour variables and elicited exercise preferences. Using a retrospective survey design, 431 NHL survivors residing in Alberta, Canada ...
Laidlaw Tannis M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Johrei has been shown to decrease exam stress responses but its immediate effects have not been assessed. DESIGN: In a randomised, blinded, counter-balanced design, 33 medical students were asked to calculate mental arithmetic in the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT), which served as an acute stressor prior to ...
Etzel Joset A - - 2006
Music is used to induce moods in experimental settings as well as for therapeutic purposes. Prior studies suggest that subjects listening to certain types of music experience strong moods and show physiological responses associated with the induced emotions. We hypothesized that cardiovascular and respiratory patterns could discriminate moods induced via ...
Cottyn Jorge - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to investigate competitive anxiety during balance beam performance in gymnasts. Competitive anxiety was assessed continuously by heart rate monitoring and by retrospective self-report of nervousness in eight female national level gymnasts during their balance beam routine during one competition and two training sessions. ...
Symons Downs Danielle - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the exercise beliefs and behaviors of postpartum women who had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during a recent pregnancy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Postpartum women with GDM (n = 28) completed a mail survey assessing their self-reported exercise beliefs (advantages, barriers, and ...
Cheema Birinder Singh B - - 2006
This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of an 8-week full-body resistance and aerobic exercise program for 27 survivors of breast cancer (age, 57.7 +/- 7.2 years; years posttreatment, 0.8- 21.0) with prior upper-body conditioning. Physical fitness and quality-of-life (QOL) measures were obtained before and after the training period. Lymphedema, ...
Conn Vicki S - - 2006
GOAL: This review applied meta-analytic procedures to integrate primary research findings that tested exercise interventions among people treated for cancer. METHODS: Extensive literature searching strategies located published and unpublished intervention studies that tested exercise interventions with at least five participants (k = 30). Primary study results were coded. Meta-analytic procedures ...
Rellini Alessandra H - - 2006
On the basis of literature that suggests that child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have higher baseline sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity than healthy controls and research that suggests that the SNS plays a critical role in female physiological sexual arousal, we examined the impact ...
Orr Suezanne T - - 2006
National data demonstrate that Black women have poorer health status, and greater risk of death from chronic diseases, than their White counterparts. Exercise can help prevent chronic disease, and adult Black women are less likely to engage in exercise than White women. However, few data are available about exercise among ...
Kilbreath Sharon L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Currently 1 in 11 women over the age of 60 in Australia are diagnosed with breast cancer. Following treatment, most breast cancer patients are left with shoulder and arm impairments which can impact significantly on quality of life and interfere substantially with activities of daily living. The primary aim ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the exercise beliefs of breast cancer survivors before and after participation in a randomized trial. Prior to randomization, 52 breast cancer survivors completed exercise belief measures based on the theory of planned behavior. After the trial, participants assigned to the exercise group ...
Orr Suezanne T - - 2006
Few studies have focused on the association between maternal exercise and outcomes of pregnancy among low-income, Black women. The analysis reported here examines the associations between exercise before and during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes of preterm birth and low birth weight among a sample of urban, low-income, Black women. Women ...
Carels Robert A - - 2006
Mood states influence evaluative judgments that can affect the decision to exercise or to continue to exercise. This study examined how mood associated with graded exercise testing (GXT) in sedentary, obese, postmenopausal women (N = 25) was associated with physical activity and predicted VO2max during and after a behavioral weight-loss ...
Ceysens G - - 2006
Diabetes in pregnancy may result in unfavourable maternal and neonatal outcomes. Exercise was proposed as an additional strategy to improve glycaemic control. The effect of exercise during pregnancies complicated by diabetes needs to be assessed. To evaluate the effect of exercise programs, alone or in conjunction with other therapies, compared ...
Kramer M S - - 2006
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently. Many pregnant women wish to engage in aerobic exercise during pregnancy but are concerned about possible adverse effects on the outcome of pregnancy. The objective of this review was ...
Meher S S University of Liverpool, Division of Perinatal and Reproductive Medicine, First Floor, Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, UK, L8 7SS. - - 2006
The association between an increase in regular physical activity and a reduction in the risk of hypertension is well documented for non-pregnant people. It has been suggested that exercise may help prevent pre-eclampsia and its complications. Possible adverse effects of increased physical activity during pregnancy, particularly on the risk of ...
Hartmann Sabine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To quantify the effect of a single immersion exercise session on uncomplicated dependent edema in pregnancy. METHODS: Lower leg volume was measured by water displacement volumetry and limb circumference in nine women with marked dependent edema, but otherwise normal second or third trimester pregnancy, before and after upright water ...
Weiss Josie A - - 2005
New ways of learning are necessary for novices who desire to mature in holistic knowledge and educational methods. The purpose of this article is to share an experience in holistic growth, gained through an academic exercise. Students in a nontraditional nursing course titled "Women, Witches, and Healing" were asked to ...
Bartholomew John B - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine if a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise would improve mood and well-being in 40 (15 male, 25 female) individuals who were receiving treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: All participants were randomly assigned to exercise at 60-70% of age-predicted maximal heart ...
Weissgerber Tracey L - - 2006
This study determined the time course of changes in resting and exercising respiratory responses during the first half of human pregnancy, and examined the potential roles of plasma osmolality and the strong ion difference ([SID]) as mediators of pregnancy-induced increases in ventilation. Healthy active women (n = 11) were studied ...
Geeraerts Brecht - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Unexplained dyspeptic symptoms are associated with changes in gastric sensorimotor function and several psychopathologic dimensions, including anxiety. It is unclear whether this reflects common predisposition or a causal relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate whether experimentally induced anxiety would alter gastric sensorimotor function in ...
Prehn Alexander - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether chemosensory anxiety signals can activate behavioral withdrawal systems in humans. Twelve male university students donated their axillary sweat in two situations: right before an oral academic examination (anxiety condition) and during ergometric training (exercise condition). Subjective ratings revealed that the ...
Knight Julia A - - 2005
Melatonin may protect against breast cancer. Light and other factors influence melatonin, but the evidence is limited. The authors conducted a study to determine factors related to melatonin. Women volunteers recruited in Toronto, Canada, from 2002 to 2004 collected urine for three nights (winter and summer), took periodic light measurements, ...
Lindseth Glenda - - 2005
Few studies exist that identify a useful self-report measure of physical activity for pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to compare the self-report exercise diary with the pedometer and determine if self-report measurement provided useful physical activity measures during pregnancy. The pregnant women's sleep, parity, and related demographic ...
Pretty Jules - - 2005
Both physical activity and exposure to nature are known separately to have positive effects on physical and mental health. We have investigated whether there is a synergistic benefit in adopting physical activities whilst being directly exposed to nature ('green exercise'). Five groups of 20 subjects were exposed to a sequence ...
Annesi James J - - 2005
Preadolescents enrolled in either a 3 times per week, 12-week exercise program (n = 50) or a no-exercise program control condition (n = 42) during their after-school care, were assessed for indication of whether exercise-induced changes in self-concept and overall negative mood were negatively correlated. Significant improvements in ratings of ...
Jones Lee W - - 2005
RATIONALE: The goal of this study was to examine oncologists' attitudes towards recommending exercise to patients with cancer during treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a national survey, all 659 practicing medical and radiation oncologists in Canada were sent a brief questionnaire. RESULTS: The response rate was 46% (281/610). The majority ...
Jones Lee W - - 2005
PURPOSE: Exercise is becoming readily accepted as a beneficial adjunct therapy to maintain or enhance quality of life in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. An essential precursor to these studies is to investigate whether exercise modulates the antitumor efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Athymic female mice were transplanted ...
Clapp J F - - 2006
The delivery of oxygen and substrate to the maternal-fetal interphase is the major maternal environmental stimulus which either up- or down-regulates feto-placental growth. During pregnancy, sustained exercise sessions cause an intermittent reduction in oxygen and substrate delivery to the interphase that may exceed 50% during the exercise but, it is ...
Hewitt Jennifer A - - 2005
To date, all epidemiological research in this area has focused on the relationship between physical activity level and the risk of breast cancer in healthy women, or more recently, those who have recovered from the disease. Most of this research highlights the fact that those women who are physically active ...
Bowles Kelly-Ann - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although sports brassieres are more effective in limiting breast motion and related breast pain when compared with standard fashion brassieres, some females do not wear sports brassieres during physical activity, as they perceive them to be too tight around the torso, possibly impeding their performance during physical activity. The ...
Nesbitt Amanda E - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that the uterine artery vasoconstrictor response to graded exercise during early gestation would be similar to the nonpregnant (NP) state and would be attenuated at mid and term gestation. Responses to graded treadmill exercise were measured in six female New Zealand White rabbits in the NP ...
De Hertogh Gert - - 2005
AIM: To examine the fetal and neonatal esophagogastric junction region (EGJ) histologically for the presence of an equivalent to adult cardiac mucosa (CM); to study the expression patterns of all cytokeratins (CK) relevant to the EGJ during gestation; to compare the CK profile of the gestational and the adult EGJ; ...
Gulati Martha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that exercise capacity is an independent predictor of mortality in women. Normative values of exercise capacity for age in women have not been well established. Our objectives were to construct a nomogram to permit determination of predicted exercise capacity for age in women and to ...
Natale Vincenzo - - 2005
It has been suggested that being an "evening type" might enhance susceptibility to non-seasonal and seasonal affective disorders (SAD). In a survey and a prospective study, we examine the relationship between mood seasonality and circadian typology. In the survey study, the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire ...
McAuley Sonja E - - 2005
This study examined the effects of aerobic conditioning during the second and third trimesters of human pregnancy on ventilatory responses to graded cycling. Previously sedentary pregnant women were assigned randomly to an exercise group (n = 14) or a nonexercising control group (n = 14). Data were collected at 15-17 ...
Bopp Melanie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) are essential for infant growth and development. The amount of long-chain PUFA in breast milk depends on maternal diet and body stores. Because exercise increases mobilization and utilization of fatty acids, maternal activity may also influence the amount of LC-PUFA in breast milk. OBJECTIVE: ...
Kuroda Kyoko - - 2005
We investigated the effects of the odor of jasmine tea on autonomic nerve activity and mood states in a total of 24 healthy volunteers. We used the odor of jasmine tea at the lowest concentration that could be detected by each subject but that did not elicit any psychological effects. ...
Braith Randy W - - 2005
Approximately 70% of all children diagnosed with malignancy become long-term survivors. Anthracycline cardiotoxicity may complicate physical performance and invite a "spectrum of disuse." There is a paucity of information derived from longitudinal, prospective, randomized clinical trials of exercise in cancer survivors, and there are no guidelines concerning the risk of ...
Mock Victoria - - 2005
Fatigue is the most prevalent and debilitating symptom experienced by breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy and few evidence-based treatments are available to manage this distressing side-effect. The purpose of this multi-institutional randomized controlled trial was to determine the effects of exercise on fatigue levels during treatment ...
Weiss Kelly Amanda K - - 2005
Staying healthy is important at any stage of life, but especially while you are pregnant. You want to give your baby the best possible start by eating right, not smoking, getting enough rest, and exercising.
Annesi James J - - 2005
Two groups of adults classified with depressed mood (10% highest scores on the Profile of Mood States-Short Form Depression scale) were contrasted on changes in POMS Depression scores over 10 weeks. The exercise group (n = 26) was given a moderate cardiovascular exercise program of 3x/week for 20 to 30 ...
Weiss Kelly Amanda K - - 2005
Many women enjoy regular exercise as a part of a healthy lifestyle and may wish to continue exercising after they become pregnant. Some previously sedentary women may want to start an exercise program during pregnancy. Primary care and sports medicine physicians should understand the contraindications (eg, hypertension, diabetes, placenta previa, ...
Milton K E - - 2005
AIM: The present study investigated the influence of personality on exercise-induced mood changes. It was hypothesised that a) exercise would be associated with significant mood enhancement across all personality types, b) extroversion would be associated with positive mood and neuroticism with negative mood both pre- and post-exercise, and c) personality ...
Matsouka O - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-wk. recreational exercise program on mood state of 55 sedentary elderly women, ages 60 to 75 years, as well to examine the minimal amount of weekly exercise needed to produce these changes. The variables comprising mood state were ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Lack of exercise and excess body weight may exacerbate treatment-related declines in quality of life (QoL) in endometrial cancer survivors. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations among exercise, body weight, and QoL in a population-based sample of endometrial cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants were 386 ...
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