Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 900
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Courneya Kerry S - - 2007
PURPOSE: Breast cancer chemotherapy may cause unfavorable changes in physical functioning, body composition, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life (QOL). We evaluated the relative merits of aerobic and resistance exercise in blunting these effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter randomized controlled trial in Canada between 2003 and 2005 ...
Campbell Kristin L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cellular proliferation and apoptosis (cell death) are highly regulated in the colon as insufficient apoptosis may lead to polyps and cancer. Physical activity decreases risk of colon cancer in observational studies, but the biological basis is not well defined. The objective of this study is to examine the effects ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2007
According to reported global estimates, 15 million people suffer from a stroke each year, resulting in 5.5 million deaths, with 5 million left permanently disabled. Typical disabilities following stroke include poor neuromuscular control, hemodynamic imbalance, and negative mood state. Tai Chi (TC) is associated with better balance, lower blood pressure, ...
Weinstein Howard - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Stress testing is frequently used to assess cardiac risk before thoracic surgery. However, the relationship between treadmill exercise capacity and length of stay (LOS) has not been investigated. We hypothesized that exercise capacity, a strong predictor of long-term prognosis, can also predict LOS after thoracic cancer surgery. METHODS: Accordingly, ...
Lane Kirstin N - - 2007
Lymphoscintigraphy was used to measure lymphatic function at rest and during exercise in breast cancer survivors with lymphedema (BCRL, n = 10), breast cancer survivors (BC, n = 10), and controls (Cont, n = 10). After injection of (99m)Tc-antimony colloid to the hands, subjects rested or performed 12 repeated sets ...
Washburn Christian R - - 2007
In a sample of 76 students (56 women, 20 men) from an upper division psychology class at this large university, men's and women's scores on the Anger subscale of the Profile of Mood States and self-reported exercise (-.34 and -.39, respectively) were significantly correlated. Men also reported exercising for longer ...
Milne Helen M - - 2008
Few randomized controlled trials have examined the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training in breast cancer survivors soon after completing adjuvant therapy. Breast cancer survivors (N=58) within 2 years of completing adjuvant therapy were randomly assigned to an immediate exercise group (IEG; n=29) or a delayed exercise group (DEG; ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2007
We describe adherence to a three group randomised controlled trial that involved aerobic exercise therapy (N=34) and exercise-placebo intervention (N=36) or usual care (N=38) in women treated for breast cancer. We also investigated relationships between routes of trial recruitment, socio-economic characteristics, health behaviours, cancer treatment regimen(s) and subsequent adherence to ...
Su Dada - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between exercise by the mother and breast-feeding initiation and duration, and its effect on infant growth. DESIGN: A cohort study of mothers and infants, recruited at birth. Infant feeding methods were recorded in detail and breast-feeding was categorised as 'any' or 'full'. Exercise levels were ...
Karvinen Kristina H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exercise has been shown to improve quality of life (QoL) in some cancer survivor groups, but it is unknown if the unique QoL issues faced by bladder cancer survivors are also amenable to an exercise intervention. This study provides the first data examining the association between exercise and QoL ...
Streeter Chris C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare changes in brain gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) levels associated with an acute yoga session versus a reading session. It was hypothesized that an individual yoga session would be associated with an increase in brain GABA levels. DESIGN: This is a parallel-groups design. SETTINGS/LOCATION: ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise therapy on quality of life (QoL) and associated outcomes in women treated for breast cancer. Evidence suggests that exercise may be beneficial, but no trial has included an exercise-placebo and a usual-care group to control for the attention effects that might be ...
Shi Jie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cession of heroin use may be followed by a protracted-abstinence (PA) syndrome consisting of craving, negative mood, and physiological changes. PA symptoms have rarely been compared between drug-free and methadone-maintained former heroin users after similar lengths of heroin abstinence. METHODS: Seventy former heroin users were included in one of ...
Trojian Thomas H - - 2007
Many studies have demonstrated the effects of exercise on both primary and secondary prevention of colon cancer. Exercise appears to have a dose-response reduction in the rate of colon cancer. The mechanism by which exercise provides this benefit is not known, but increase in insulin-like growth factor-binding protein and reduction ...
Pollatos Olga - - 2007
The present study was designed to investigate the relation between cardiovascular reactivity, trait anxiety and the interoceptive awareness. Eighteen male subjects underwent a heartbeat perception task and performed an isometric handgrip exercise. Subjects with high reactivity showed a higher degree of interoceptive awareness and trait anxiety suggesting that a habitually ...
Tull Matthew T - - 2007
Anxiety sensitivity (AS) recently has been identified as a potential cognitive vulnerability underlying substance use problems, with some evidence specifically indicating its relevance to heroin. Focusing on the potential utility of interventions centered on increasing willingness to have anxiety-related sensations reduce vulnerability for relapse following substance use treatment, the current ...
Andrykowski Michael A - - 2007
Physical activity can have a beneficial effect on both physical and mental health in cancer survivors. However, evidence from cross-sectional and/or retrospective research suggests that cancer treatment can be associated with both short- and long-term reductions in physical activity. A prospective, longitudinal research design was used to examine the trajectory ...
Wininger Steven R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the "sense of relief" effect as a potential explanation for improvement of affect following exercise. The current study included male and female participants, four exercise/expectancy conditions, and assessed six dimensions of affective space. Participants were 134 undergraduates. Heart rate and affect were ...
Karvinen Kristina H - - 2007
Despite growing evidence of the benefits of exercise in cancer survivors, exercise participation rates are low. Understanding the unique exercise programming and counseling preferences of different cancer survivor groups may facilitate the delivery of optimal exercise programs in these growing populations. To date, no study has examined these preferences in ...
Polman R - - 2007
AIM: Few studies have been conducted investigating the psychological benefits of exercise during pregnancy. Additionally, hormonal and cardiovascular responses to water-based and land-based exercise in pregnant women are different. Therefore, this study investigated the influence of a single bout of exercise on the mood of pregnant women participating in an ...
Mutrie Nanette N Department of Sport, Culture and the Arts, Strathclyde University, Glasgow G13 1PP. - - 2007
To determine functional and psychological benefits of a 12 week supervised group exercise programme during treatment for early stage breast cancer, with six month follow-up. Pragmatic randomised controlled prospective open trial. Three National Health Service oncology clinics in Scotland and community exercise facilities. 203 women entered the study; 177 completed ...
Hausenblas Heather A - - 2008
Regular exercise was experimentally reduced to determine its effects on positive feeling states. Using ecological momentary assessments, 40 participants maintained their regular exercise routine on 3 days and were deprived of their scheduled exercise on 3 other days. They recorded their feeling states, using the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory, four times ...
Duley Aaron R - - 2007
This investigation examined whether gating related deficits among individuals with high trait anxiety could be moderated by an acute bout of exercise. Low (LA) and high (HA) trait anxious participants engaged in either a quiet rest or an exercise session on separate occasions. Replicating previous findings, HA participants exhibited significantly ...
Battaglini Claudio - - 2007
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Changes in metabolism have been reported in the majority of patients undergoing cancer treatment, and these are usually characterized by progressive change in body composition. The effects of aerobic exercise programs to combat the cancer and cancer treatment-related side effects, which include the negative changes in body ...
Whitford Heather M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: to establish levels of knowledge about pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy; reported practice of pelvic floor exercises in pregnancy; and prevalence of stress urinary incontinence in a sample of women in the third trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: structured cross-sectional interview survey. PARTICIPANTS: pregnant women over the age of 16 ...
Szabo Attila - - 2007
The psychological effects of televised news were studied in 2 groups (n = 179) of undergraduate students who watched a 15-min random newscast followed by either a 15-min progressive relaxation exercise or a 15-min lecture (control condition). Subjective measures of state anxiety, total mood disturbance (TMD), positive affect, and negative ...
Yuen Hon Keung - - 2007
This pilot study examined the efficacy of two home-based exercise programs on alleviating fatigue and improving functional capacity in breast cancer survivors. Participants were randomly assigned into one of three groups: aerobic exercise (AE), resistance exercise (RE), or usual care control (CON). After receiving individualized instruction and training, participants assigned ...
Rogers L Q - - 2007
With increasing evidence supporting physical activity benefits during breast cancer treatment, addressing exercise adherence with consideration of the unique exercise barriers, outcome expectations and preferences of cancer patients is needed. Our pilot study aimed to determine the following during breast cancer treatment: (1) exercise barriers, outcome expectations/values and associations with ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2007
Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats (60-80 days old) were randomly placed into one of three groups: sedentary pregnant control (PC); prepregnancy trained animals that exercised throughout pregnancy (PR); and nonpregnant trained animals (NPR). Each exercising animal ran at approximately 60-70% aerobic capacity (VO2max) for 1 hour/day up to and including day 18 ...
Charlesworth Sarah A - - 2006
Stewart's physicochemical approach was employed to investigate the safety of an average recreational and occupational activity (prolonged moderate exercise) on maternal acid-base homeostasis. The responses of 10 healthy, physically active pregnant women (PG, gestational age 34-38 weeks) were compared with those of 10 non-pregnant female controls (CG). Subjects cycled for ...
O'Neill Maureen E - - 2006
AIM: This study assessed if upright cycling is preferable to semi-recumbent cycling during pregnancy. METHOD: Healthy women with low risk singleton pregnancies were tested at 34-38 weeks gestation. They cycled for 12 min, either semi-recumbent (45 degrees, n = 27) or upright (n = 23), at 135-145 beats min(-1). RESULTS: ...
Morris Stephanie N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether exercise before the first cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF) affects cycle outcomes. METHODS: A total of 2,232 patients were prospectively enrolled before undergoing their first cycle of IVF for the treatment of infertility from 1994-2003 at three IVF clinics in the greater Boston area. The ...
Giroux Isabelle - - 2006
Pregnant women have increased energy and nutrient needs. Exercise also increases energy and glucose demands. This pilot study examined whether women who were physically active during pregnancy met their dietary needs, gained weight adequately, avoided hypoglycemia, and had normal birth outcomes. Based on a convenience sample, 11 active women were ...
McLaughlin Katie A KA Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. - - 2007
The effects of worry and rumination on affective states and mentation type were examined in an unselected undergraduate sample in Study 1 and in a sample of individuals with high trait worry and rumination, high rumination, and low worry/rumination in Study 2. Participants engaged in worry and rumination inductions, counterbalanced ...
Kemble, Katherine L.
To test the effects of a low to moderate intensity exercise on fatigue and overall QOL, both physiologically and psychologically in women who completed breast cancer treatment. Methods: Twenty-two women, ages 43-79, who had completed treatment for breast cancer, were randomly assigned to an exercise (n= 12) or control group ...
McTiernan Anne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Colon crypt architecture and proliferation may be appropriate biomarkers for testing prevention interventions. A hypothesized mechanism for exercise-induced colon cancer risk reduction might be through alterations in colon crypt cell architecture and proliferation. METHODS: Healthy, sedentary participants with a colonoscopy within the previous 3 years were recruited through gastroenterology ...
Cellini Christina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The uninterrupted passage of amniotic fluid through the gastrointestinal tract is hypothesized to influence both intestinal and overall fetal somatic development. The effect of in utero esophageal ligation (EL) and therefore the exclusion of AF on somatic growth, small intestinal (SI) morphology and proliferation, and the expression of the ...
Jensen Dennis - - 2007
This study examined the effects of human pregnancy and advancing gestation on the intensity of respiratory discomfort (dyspnea) during cycle exercise. Fourteen pregnant women (PG) performed a progressive cycle ergometer exercise test involving 20 W/min increases in work rate to symptom limitation and/or a heart rate of 170-175 beats/min at ...
Macone Damiano - - 2006
The present study was designed to examine the effects of listening to music during exercise of moderate intensity on mood, state anxiety, and time to exhaustion as well as to evaluate sex differences in 27 physically active (14 men, 13 women) subjects between the ages of 20 and 30 years. ...
Duncombe Dianne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the question of whether vigorous exercise undertaken by recreational exercisers across pregnancy, defined in two ways, were associated with reduced infant birthweight and gestational age at birth. METHODS: A prospective approach was implemented. A total of 148 pregnant women participated. Average intensity duration and frequency of ...
Annesi James J - - 2006
This 20-wk. study assessed relationships of mean difference scores on measures of self-efficacy and self-concept with scores for overall mood in 44 obese women who initiated a moderate exercise and nutrition information program. Simultaneous entry of changes in Physical Self-concept, Exercise Self-efficacy, and Body Areas Satisfaction scale scores into a ...
Yeo SeonAe - - 2006
Use of an exercise intervention for high-risk and vulnerable populations, such as pregnant women at risk for gestational hypertension or preeclampsia, requires special consideration. A comparative trial testing the effects of two types of physical exercises - stretching (a comparator) and walking (a testing intervention) - for sedentary pregnant women ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been identified as a potential intervention to improve quality of life in women with breast cancer. We sought to summarize the available evidence concerning the effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Losito Joanna - - 2006
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of participating in a structured group exercise program (SGEP) for adult patients receiving cancer treatment and to test the impact of an SGEP on reducing cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and improving quality of life (QOL). DESIGN: One-group, prospective, pre- and post-test design. SETTING: Two community outpatient ...
Karvinen Kristina H - - 2006
Exercise has gained recognition as an effective supportive care intervention for cancer survivors, yet participation rates are low. Knowledge of the specific exercise counseling and programming preferences of cancer survivors may be useful for designing effective interventions. In this study, we examined the exercise preferences of 386 endometrial cancer survivors. ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of exercise in head and neck cancer survivors and determine preliminary associations with quality of life (QoL), fatigue, and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine of 65 (91%) eligible head and neck cancer survivors recruited from an academic oncology clinic completed a self-administered survey including the ...
Berlin Ali A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptomatology is more prevalent among sedentary than physically active individuals. The present prospective study examines whether withdrawal of regular aerobic activity provokes depressive mood symptoms and fatigue, and to what extent reductions in fitness levels contribute to the development of these symptoms. METHODS: Forty participants (mean age of ...
Kim Chun-Ja - - 2006
Cardiopulmonary responses to an 8-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise intervention and adherence to exercise during and after intervention were assessed in 41 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The intervention was primarily aimed at minimizing deconditioning. Women were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group, completed graded ...
Vallance J K H - - 2006
In the present study, we examined the exercise preferences of a population-based sample of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) survivors. A secondary purpose was to explore the association between various demographic, medical, and exercise behaviour variables and elicited exercise preferences. Using a retrospective survey design, 431 NHL survivors residing in Alberta, Canada ...
Laidlaw Tannis M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Johrei has been shown to decrease exam stress responses but its immediate effects have not been assessed. DESIGN: In a randomised, blinded, counter-balanced design, 33 medical students were asked to calculate mental arithmetic in the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT), which served as an acute stressor prior to ...
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