Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 821
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Charlesworth Sarah A - - 2006
Stewart's physicochemical approach was employed to investigate the safety of an average recreational and occupational activity (prolonged moderate exercise) on maternal acid-base homeostasis. The responses of 10 healthy, physically active pregnant women (PG, gestational age 34-38 weeks) were compared with those of 10 non-pregnant female controls (CG). Subjects cycled for ...
O'Neill Maureen E - - 2006
AIM: This study assessed if upright cycling is preferable to semi-recumbent cycling during pregnancy. METHOD: Healthy women with low risk singleton pregnancies were tested at 34-38 weeks gestation. They cycled for 12 min, either semi-recumbent (45 degrees, n = 27) or upright (n = 23), at 135-145 beats min(-1). RESULTS: ...
Morris Stephanie N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether exercise before the first cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF) affects cycle outcomes. METHODS: A total of 2,232 patients were prospectively enrolled before undergoing their first cycle of IVF for the treatment of infertility from 1994-2003 at three IVF clinics in the greater Boston area. The ...
Giroux Isabelle - - 2006
Pregnant women have increased energy and nutrient needs. Exercise also increases energy and glucose demands. This pilot study examined whether women who were physically active during pregnancy met their dietary needs, gained weight adequately, avoided hypoglycemia, and had normal birth outcomes. Based on a convenience sample, 11 active women were ...
McLaughlin Katie A KA Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. - - 2007
The effects of worry and rumination on affective states and mentation type were examined in an unselected undergraduate sample in Study 1 and in a sample of individuals with high trait worry and rumination, high rumination, and low worry/rumination in Study 2. Participants engaged in worry and rumination inductions, counterbalanced ...
Kemble, Katherine L.
To test the effects of a low to moderate intensity exercise on fatigue and overall QOL, both physiologically and psychologically in women who completed breast cancer treatment. Methods: Twenty-two women, ages 43-79, who had completed treatment for breast cancer, were randomly assigned to an exercise (n= 12) or control group ...
McTiernan Anne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Colon crypt architecture and proliferation may be appropriate biomarkers for testing prevention interventions. A hypothesized mechanism for exercise-induced colon cancer risk reduction might be through alterations in colon crypt cell architecture and proliferation. METHODS: Healthy, sedentary participants with a colonoscopy within the previous 3 years were recruited through gastroenterology ...
Cellini Christina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The uninterrupted passage of amniotic fluid through the gastrointestinal tract is hypothesized to influence both intestinal and overall fetal somatic development. The effect of in utero esophageal ligation (EL) and therefore the exclusion of AF on somatic growth, small intestinal (SI) morphology and proliferation, and the expression of the ...
Jensen Dennis - - 2007
This study examined the effects of human pregnancy and advancing gestation on the intensity of respiratory discomfort (dyspnea) during cycle exercise. Fourteen pregnant women (PG) performed a progressive cycle ergometer exercise test involving 20 W/min increases in work rate to symptom limitation and/or a heart rate of 170-175 beats/min at ...
Macone Damiano - - 2006
The present study was designed to examine the effects of listening to music during exercise of moderate intensity on mood, state anxiety, and time to exhaustion as well as to evaluate sex differences in 27 physically active (14 men, 13 women) subjects between the ages of 20 and 30 years. ...
Duncombe Dianne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the question of whether vigorous exercise undertaken by recreational exercisers across pregnancy, defined in two ways, were associated with reduced infant birthweight and gestational age at birth. METHODS: A prospective approach was implemented. A total of 148 pregnant women participated. Average intensity duration and frequency of ...
Annesi James J - - 2006
This 20-wk. study assessed relationships of mean difference scores on measures of self-efficacy and self-concept with scores for overall mood in 44 obese women who initiated a moderate exercise and nutrition information program. Simultaneous entry of changes in Physical Self-concept, Exercise Self-efficacy, and Body Areas Satisfaction scale scores into a ...
Yeo SeonAe - - 2006
Use of an exercise intervention for high-risk and vulnerable populations, such as pregnant women at risk for gestational hypertension or preeclampsia, requires special consideration. A comparative trial testing the effects of two types of physical exercises - stretching (a comparator) and walking (a testing intervention) - for sedentary pregnant women ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been identified as a potential intervention to improve quality of life in women with breast cancer. We sought to summarize the available evidence concerning the effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, ...
Losito Joanna - - 2006
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of participating in a structured group exercise program (SGEP) for adult patients receiving cancer treatment and to test the impact of an SGEP on reducing cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and improving quality of life (QOL). DESIGN: One-group, prospective, pre- and post-test design. SETTING: Two community outpatient ...
Karvinen Kristina H - - 2006
Exercise has gained recognition as an effective supportive care intervention for cancer survivors, yet participation rates are low. Knowledge of the specific exercise counseling and programming preferences of cancer survivors may be useful for designing effective interventions. In this study, we examined the exercise preferences of 386 endometrial cancer survivors. ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of exercise in head and neck cancer survivors and determine preliminary associations with quality of life (QoL), fatigue, and depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine of 65 (91%) eligible head and neck cancer survivors recruited from an academic oncology clinic completed a self-administered survey including the ...
Berlin Ali A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptomatology is more prevalent among sedentary than physically active individuals. The present prospective study examines whether withdrawal of regular aerobic activity provokes depressive mood symptoms and fatigue, and to what extent reductions in fitness levels contribute to the development of these symptoms. METHODS: Forty participants (mean age of ...
Kim Chun-Ja - - 2006
Cardiopulmonary responses to an 8-week moderate-intensity aerobic exercise intervention and adherence to exercise during and after intervention were assessed in 41 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. The intervention was primarily aimed at minimizing deconditioning. Women were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group, completed graded ...
Vallance J K H - - 2006
In the present study, we examined the exercise preferences of a population-based sample of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) survivors. A secondary purpose was to explore the association between various demographic, medical, and exercise behaviour variables and elicited exercise preferences. Using a retrospective survey design, 431 NHL survivors residing in Alberta, Canada ...
Laidlaw Tannis M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Johrei has been shown to decrease exam stress responses but its immediate effects have not been assessed. DESIGN: In a randomised, blinded, counter-balanced design, 33 medical students were asked to calculate mental arithmetic in the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT), which served as an acute stressor prior to ...
Etzel Joset A - - 2006
Music is used to induce moods in experimental settings as well as for therapeutic purposes. Prior studies suggest that subjects listening to certain types of music experience strong moods and show physiological responses associated with the induced emotions. We hypothesized that cardiovascular and respiratory patterns could discriminate moods induced via ...
Cottyn Jorge - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to investigate competitive anxiety during balance beam performance in gymnasts. Competitive anxiety was assessed continuously by heart rate monitoring and by retrospective self-report of nervousness in eight female national level gymnasts during their balance beam routine during one competition and two training sessions. ...
Symons Downs Danielle - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the exercise beliefs and behaviors of postpartum women who had gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during a recent pregnancy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Postpartum women with GDM (n = 28) completed a mail survey assessing their self-reported exercise beliefs (advantages, barriers, and ...
Cheema Birinder Singh B - - 2006
This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of an 8-week full-body resistance and aerobic exercise program for 27 survivors of breast cancer (age, 57.7 +/- 7.2 years; years posttreatment, 0.8- 21.0) with prior upper-body conditioning. Physical fitness and quality-of-life (QOL) measures were obtained before and after the training period. Lymphedema, ...
Conn Vicki S - - 2006
GOAL: This review applied meta-analytic procedures to integrate primary research findings that tested exercise interventions among people treated for cancer. METHODS: Extensive literature searching strategies located published and unpublished intervention studies that tested exercise interventions with at least five participants (k = 30). Primary study results were coded. Meta-analytic procedures ...
Rellini Alessandra H - - 2006
On the basis of literature that suggests that child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have higher baseline sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity than healthy controls and research that suggests that the SNS plays a critical role in female physiological sexual arousal, we examined the impact ...
Orr Suezanne T - - 2006
National data demonstrate that Black women have poorer health status, and greater risk of death from chronic diseases, than their White counterparts. Exercise can help prevent chronic disease, and adult Black women are less likely to engage in exercise than White women. However, few data are available about exercise among ...
Kilbreath Sharon L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Currently 1 in 11 women over the age of 60 in Australia are diagnosed with breast cancer. Following treatment, most breast cancer patients are left with shoulder and arm impairments which can impact significantly on quality of life and interfere substantially with activities of daily living. The primary aim ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the exercise beliefs of breast cancer survivors before and after participation in a randomized trial. Prior to randomization, 52 breast cancer survivors completed exercise belief measures based on the theory of planned behavior. After the trial, participants assigned to the exercise group ...
Orr Suezanne T - - 2006
Few studies have focused on the association between maternal exercise and outcomes of pregnancy among low-income, Black women. The analysis reported here examines the associations between exercise before and during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes of preterm birth and low birth weight among a sample of urban, low-income, Black women. Women ...
Carels Robert A - - 2006
Mood states influence evaluative judgments that can affect the decision to exercise or to continue to exercise. This study examined how mood associated with graded exercise testing (GXT) in sedentary, obese, postmenopausal women (N = 25) was associated with physical activity and predicted VO2max during and after a behavioral weight-loss ...
Ceysens G - - 2006
Diabetes in pregnancy may result in unfavourable maternal and neonatal outcomes. Exercise was proposed as an additional strategy to improve glycaemic control. The effect of exercise during pregnancies complicated by diabetes needs to be assessed. To evaluate the effect of exercise programs, alone or in conjunction with other therapies, compared ...
Kramer M S - - 2006
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently. Many pregnant women wish to engage in aerobic exercise during pregnancy but are concerned about possible adverse effects on the outcome of pregnancy. The objective of this review was ...
Meher S S University of Liverpool, Division of Perinatal and Reproductive Medicine, First Floor, Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, UK, L8 7SS. - - 2006
The association between an increase in regular physical activity and a reduction in the risk of hypertension is well documented for non-pregnant people. It has been suggested that exercise may help prevent pre-eclampsia and its complications. Possible adverse effects of increased physical activity during pregnancy, particularly on the risk of ...
Hartmann Sabine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To quantify the effect of a single immersion exercise session on uncomplicated dependent edema in pregnancy. METHODS: Lower leg volume was measured by water displacement volumetry and limb circumference in nine women with marked dependent edema, but otherwise normal second or third trimester pregnancy, before and after upright water ...
Weiss Josie A - - 2005
New ways of learning are necessary for novices who desire to mature in holistic knowledge and educational methods. The purpose of this article is to share an experience in holistic growth, gained through an academic exercise. Students in a nontraditional nursing course titled "Women, Witches, and Healing" were asked to ...
Bartholomew John B - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine if a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise would improve mood and well-being in 40 (15 male, 25 female) individuals who were receiving treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: All participants were randomly assigned to exercise at 60-70% of age-predicted maximal heart ...
Weissgerber Tracey L - - 2006
This study determined the time course of changes in resting and exercising respiratory responses during the first half of human pregnancy, and examined the potential roles of plasma osmolality and the strong ion difference ([SID]) as mediators of pregnancy-induced increases in ventilation. Healthy active women (n = 11) were studied ...
Geeraerts Brecht - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Unexplained dyspeptic symptoms are associated with changes in gastric sensorimotor function and several psychopathologic dimensions, including anxiety. It is unclear whether this reflects common predisposition or a causal relationship. The aim of this study was to investigate whether experimentally induced anxiety would alter gastric sensorimotor function in ...
Prehn Alexander - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether chemosensory anxiety signals can activate behavioral withdrawal systems in humans. Twelve male university students donated their axillary sweat in two situations: right before an oral academic examination (anxiety condition) and during ergometric training (exercise condition). Subjective ratings revealed that the ...
Knight Julia A - - 2005
Melatonin may protect against breast cancer. Light and other factors influence melatonin, but the evidence is limited. The authors conducted a study to determine factors related to melatonin. Women volunteers recruited in Toronto, Canada, from 2002 to 2004 collected urine for three nights (winter and summer), took periodic light measurements, ...
Lindseth Glenda - - 2005
Few studies exist that identify a useful self-report measure of physical activity for pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to compare the self-report exercise diary with the pedometer and determine if self-report measurement provided useful physical activity measures during pregnancy. The pregnant women's sleep, parity, and related demographic ...
Pretty Jules - - 2005
Both physical activity and exposure to nature are known separately to have positive effects on physical and mental health. We have investigated whether there is a synergistic benefit in adopting physical activities whilst being directly exposed to nature ('green exercise'). Five groups of 20 subjects were exposed to a sequence ...
Annesi James J - - 2005
Preadolescents enrolled in either a 3 times per week, 12-week exercise program (n = 50) or a no-exercise program control condition (n = 42) during their after-school care, were assessed for indication of whether exercise-induced changes in self-concept and overall negative mood were negatively correlated. Significant improvements in ratings of ...
Jones Lee W - - 2005
RATIONALE: The goal of this study was to examine oncologists' attitudes towards recommending exercise to patients with cancer during treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a national survey, all 659 practicing medical and radiation oncologists in Canada were sent a brief questionnaire. RESULTS: The response rate was 46% (281/610). The majority ...
Jones Lee W - - 2005
PURPOSE: Exercise is becoming readily accepted as a beneficial adjunct therapy to maintain or enhance quality of life in breast cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. An essential precursor to these studies is to investigate whether exercise modulates the antitumor efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Athymic female mice were transplanted ...
Clapp J F - - 2006
The delivery of oxygen and substrate to the maternal-fetal interphase is the major maternal environmental stimulus which either up- or down-regulates feto-placental growth. During pregnancy, sustained exercise sessions cause an intermittent reduction in oxygen and substrate delivery to the interphase that may exceed 50% during the exercise but, it is ...
Hewitt Jennifer A - - 2005
To date, all epidemiological research in this area has focused on the relationship between physical activity level and the risk of breast cancer in healthy women, or more recently, those who have recovered from the disease. Most of this research highlights the fact that those women who are physically active ...
Bowles Kelly-Ann - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although sports brassieres are more effective in limiting breast motion and related breast pain when compared with standard fashion brassieres, some females do not wear sports brassieres during physical activity, as they perceive them to be too tight around the torso, possibly impeding their performance during physical activity. The ...
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