Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 897
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Schwartz Anna L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To provide a summary of the research on the effects of exercise on cancer survivors during and following cancer treatment. DATA SOURCES: Electronic data bases, published studies and review articles. CONCLUSION: While there is a growing body of research on the effects of exercise on cancer survivors, evidence is ...
Jones Lee W LW Duke University Medical Centre, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2008
The use of exercise testing as an objective assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness in clinical oncology research has increased substantially over the past decade. However, its quality has not been assessed. We did a systematic review of studies of formal exercise testing for adults with cancer. Studies were assessed according to ...
Clapp James F JF - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to test the null hypothesis that continuing vigorous weight-bearing exercise throughout pregnancy has no discernible long-term effect on indices of fitness and/or cardiovascular risk. STUDY DESIGN: This was a follow-up observational study of the fitness and cardiovascular risk profile of 39 women conducted ...
van Mersbergen Miriam - - 2008
PURPOSE: Previous research has proposed that persons with functional dysphonia (FD) present with temperamental traits that predispose them to their voice disorder. We investigated this theory in a controlled experiment and compared them with social anxiety (SA) and healthy control (HC) groups. METHOD: Twelve participants with FD, 19 participants with ...
Kop Willem J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is associated with elevated inflammatory markers, but little is known about the time trajectories of reduced physical activity and inflammatory markers. Changes in inflammatory markers in response to withholding regular aerobic exercise were prospectively examined and correlated with increased negative mood symptoms and fatigue that accompany exercise ...
Owe K M - - 2009
The aims of this study were to describe the level of exercise during pregnancy and to assess factors associated with regular exercise. Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 34 508 pregnancies were included in the present study. Data ...
Chu Hui-Wen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined relationships among social physique anxiety, obligation to exercise, and exercise choices. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students (N = 337; 200 women, 137 men) volunteered to complete 3 questionnaires: the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS), Obligatory Exercise Questionnaire (OEQ), and Physical Activity Specification Survey (PASS). RESULTS: On ...
Barakat R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some controversy exists over the possibility that exercise during pregnancy might increase the risk of preterm delivery. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the possible cause-effect relationship between regular exercise performed during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy by previously sedentary, healthy gravidae and gestational age at the ...
Irwin Melinda L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Given observational findings that physical activity reduces breast cancer risk, improves survival, and improves quality of life in breast cancer survivors, a need has been identified for randomized controlled trials that test the efficacy of exercise on biological mechanisms associated with breast cancer survival. The primary aims of the ...
Newton Robert U - - 2008
Regular and vigorous physical exercise has been scientifically established as providing strong preventative medicine against cancer with the potential to reduce incidence by 40%. The effect is strongest for breast and colorectal cancer; however, evidence is accumulating for the protective influence on prostate cancer, although predominantly for more advanced disease ...
Kuehner C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although aggravating effects of rumination on dysfunctional cognitions and endocrine stress responses have been proposed, experimental studies testing these assumptions are lacking. In parallel, mindfulness theory suggests beneficial effects of mindfulness on dysfunctional cognitions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of induced rumination, distraction and mindful self-focus on ...
Graham Rodger - - 2008
This qualitative study describes the effect of exercise on psychological well-being among individuals with chronic illnesses and disabilities such as stroke, cancer, diabetes and arthritis. Eleven users of a physical disability daycentre completed a novel, six-month, group-based programme of seated exercise provided by the first author. Results from grounded analyses ...
Sengupta Uma - - 2008
A 10-month-old child with prenatal history of vaginal bleeding in mother at 8 weeks of pregnancy, delivered by cesarean section and history of neonatal jaundice was bought with poor social smile, poor eye contact, and inability to sit independently. He was enrolled in early intervention programme, which included relaxation exercises, ...
Broman-Fulks Joshua J - - 2008
Anxiety sensitivity, or the belief that anxiety-related sensations can have negative consequences, has been shown to play an important role in the etiology and maintenance of panic disorder and other anxiety-related pathology. Aerobic exercise involves exposure to physiological cues similar to those experienced during anxiety reactions. The present study sought ...
Barton Debra L - - 2008
Hot flashes negatively impacted the patient's mood, stress level, sleep, and relationship with her husband. Breathing exercises and pharmacological management with a low-dose antidepressant alleviated the problem.
Hayasaka Shinya - - 2008
This uncontrolled intervention study explored the effects of sauna bathing utilizing residual heat from charcoal kilns (charcoal kiln saunas) on psychological states. Forty-five volunteers (24 males and 21 females; mean age 51.9 years (S.D. 15.7) visiting a bamboo charcoal kiln in Japan participated in the study. They completed a shortened ...
Drouin Jacqueline S - - 2008
Evidence suggests that exercise during treatment and in recovery from cancer appears to be safe and effective for promoting physical health and well being. However, limited evidence exists on the physiological adaptations resulting from exercise training during or following treatment for urologic cancers. Determining physiological adaptations from exercise in individuals ...
Penney Debra S - - 2008
Pregnant women without medical or obstetric problems should be encouraged to exercise. The paucity of experimental data on exercise in pregnancy forces recommendations to be drawn from a synthesis of available information. Vigorous exercise during pregnancy seems to pose no adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes. Nonetheless, the safety of vigorous ...
Ulman Douglas - - 2008
Doug Ulman is the President of the Lance Armstrong Foundation and founder of the Ulman Cancer Fund for Young Adults. He is a three-time cancer survivor, diagnosed with chondrosarcoma in 1996 and subsequently diagnosed twice with melanoma. I was diagnosed with cancer in the "athletic prime" of my life. The ...
Perna Frank M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative frequency of and barriers to exercise among women with breast cancer while controlling for cancer-relevant and demographic factors. DESIGN: The present study employed concurrent samples, correlational research design. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Exercise frequency and its association with negative affect and barriers to exercise, independent of ...
Juhl Mette - - 2008
According to many national recommendations, women should be physically active during pregnancy, but empirical evidence to support this recommendation is sparse. The authors' aim in this study was to examine the relation between physical exercise during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth. Self-reported data on physical exercise during pregnancy ...
Ligibel Jennifer A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Accumulating data suggest that exercise may affect breast cancer risk and outcomes. Studies have demonstrated that high levels of insulin, often seen in sedentary individuals, are associated with increased risk of breast cancer recurrence and death. We sought to analyze whether exercise lowered insulin concentrations in breast cancer survivors. ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a single session of exercise of appropriate intensity and duration for aerobic conditioning has a different acute effect on mood for nonexercisers than regular exercisers. DESIGN: Repeated-measures design. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Adult nonexercisers, moderate exercisers, and ultramarathon runners (8 men, 8 women in each group). ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise adherence is a challenge for breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy but few studies have identified the key barriers. PURPOSE: In this paper, we report the barriers to supervised exercise in breast cancer patients participating in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Breast cancer patients initiating adjuvant chemotherapy (N = ...
DiStasio Susan A - - 2008
Although yoga has been practiced in Eastern culture for thousands of years as part of life philosophy, classes in the United States only recently have been offered to people with cancer. The word yoga is derived from the Sanskrit root yuj, meaning to bind, join, and yoke. This reflection of ...
Hausenblas Heather A HA Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-8205, USA. - - 2008
To meet the need for an interactive product on exercise during pregnancy and postpartum, we developed and evaluated a personally tailored multimedia CD-ROM. Pregnant and postpartum women, who were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (PregXercise CD-ROM) or the control group (CD-ROM with neutral content), navigated through the CD-ROM ...
Keays Kim S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Pilates exercises on shoulder range of motion (ROM), pain, mood, and upper-extremity (UE) function in women who had been treated for breast cancer. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 4 women who had undergone axillary dissection and radiation ...
Hamilton Lisa Dawn LD University of Texas at Austin-Psychology, Austin, TX, - - 2008
Several studies have demonstrated that moderate exercise increases genital response to erotic stimuli in women. The increase in genital arousal could be the result of various changes that can occur in response to exercise including changes in hormone levels, neurotransmitter levels, mood, and autonomic nervous system activity. The present study ...
Smits Jasper A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions repeatedly have been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of depression, and initial studies indicate similar efficacy for the treatment of anxiety conditions. To further study the potential beneficial role of prescriptive exercise for anxiety-related conditions, we examined the role of exercise in reducing fears of ...
Anglem Nat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Exercise stress, immune status, and mood are interrelated. The stress of adventure racing is unique; exercise is very prolonged and competitive, with severe sleep deprivation and sustained cognitive demands, usually in arduous terrain and environmental conditions. The purpose of this prospective, descriptive study was to identify mood changes along ...
Norra Christine - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Direct challenge of cortical serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) availability by tryptophan depletion test (TDT) was used to assess the hypothesized inverse relationship between central 5-HT function and loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEPs). Gender must be taken into particular account here, since there are gender differences in 5-HT brain ...
Wald Jaye - - 2008
A growing body of evidence suggests that anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of arousal-related sensations) plays a role in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Consistent with this, evidence indicates that interoceptive exposure (IE), which is a method for reducing AS, reduces PTSD symptoms. Clinical observations from our treatment studies indicate that IE ...
Manoogian Sarah J - - 2008
Exercise is encouraged for the pregnant female, but there are no data available indicating the risk of fetal loss associated with the level of exercise. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of fetal loss by simulating exercises using the pregnant computational model. A previously validated MADYMO ...
Mathur Neha - - 2008
Chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, some cancers, for example, colon cancer, breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes, are reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. It has now become clear that low-grade chronic inflammation is a key player in the pathogenesis of most CNCDs. Given that regular exercise offers protection ...
Valenti Marco - - 2008
An important goal for cancer patients is to improve the quality of life (QOL) by maximising functions affected by the disease and its therapy. Preliminary research suggests that exercise may be an effective intervention for enhancing QOL in cancer survivors. Research has provided preliminary evidence for the safety, feasibility, and ...
Yeo SeonAe S School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7460, USA. - - 2008
To compare a walking exercise to a stretching exercise during pregnancy in high-risk women who were sedentary and had previously experienced preeclampsia. A randomized clinical trial of the effects of the two types of physical exercises was conducted between November 2001 and July 2006 in Washtenaw County, Michigan. Both groups ...
Duncombe Dianne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: to explore pregnant women's exercise patterns across pregnancy, reported reasons for exercising or not exercising, beliefs about the safety of exercise during pregnancy and the association of those beliefs with the amount and intensity of exercise that women participated in. DESIGN: a prospective questionnaire-based approach was implemented over three ...
Eriksson L - - 2008
This study investigates how scores on the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS) and the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) relate to Bratman's orthorexia test (BOT) scores with regard to age, sex, and self-reported exercise frequency and duration in a sample of Swedish participants in fitness center activities. A total ...
Carels Robert A - - 2007
Whereas exercise-induced mood enhancement has been well documented, the relationship between mood and exercise participation is less well understood. Mood states influence evaluative judgments that could plausibly influence a decision to exercise. Further, most exercise-mood research is limited to normal weight adults in response to a single exercise session. The ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few exercise trials in cancer patients have reported longer-term follow-up. Here, we report a 6-month follow-up of exercise behavior and patient-rated outcomes from an exercise trial in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Breast cancer patients initiating adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 242) were randomly assigned to usual care (n = 82), ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2007
Cancer is a common disease that affects over 150 000 Canadians every year. About 78% of all cancers are diagnosed in adults aged 60 years and older. Improved survival rates for cancer survivors have brought lifestyle and quality of life issues to the forefront. In other chronic disease populations, exercise ...
Ingram Carolyn - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the best current evidence regarding the effects of exercise on modifiable risk factors for adverse physiologic outcomes of cancer and its treatment. DATA SOURCES: Clinical practice guidelines, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and single studies. CONCLUSION: There is mounting evidence that exercise improves fatigue, physical functioning, and cardio-respiratory fitness. ...
Barbosa Tiago M - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the physiological adaptations to basic head-out aquatic exercises with different levels of body immersion. Sixteen young and clinically healthy subjects (9 women and 7 men) volunteered to participate in this study. Each subject performed 3 repetitions (on land, immersed to the hip, ...
Abrahamson Page E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies provide evidence that exercise is associated with reduced risk of colon cancer. Exercise may exert protective effects on the colon by influencing prostaglandin production. We hypothesized that an exercise intervention would decrease prostaglandin E(2) concentrations and increase prostaglandin F(2alpha) in colon biopsies compared with controls. METHODS: A ...
Pinto Bernardine M BM Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Coro Bldg, Suite 500, One Hoppin St, Providence, RI 02903, USA. - - 2007
To review randomized controlled trials that offered exercise interventions for adults diagnosed and treated for cancer related to design, sample, type of intervention, and outcomes. Several electronic databases were searched and recent review papers were scanned to identify relevant publications. Exercise adoption seems clearly feasible for early stage cancer patients, ...
Williams Christine L CL Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida 33431, USA. - - 2007
The purpose oF this study was to examine the eFFects oF 3 behavioral interventions on aFFect and mood in nursing home residents with Alzheimer's disease. In a pre-post design, 90 residents with Alzheimer's disease were randomized to 3 groups: supervised walking, comprehensive exercise (walking plus strength training, balance, and Flexibility ...
Madsen M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between leisure time physical exercise during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage. DESIGN: Prospective study with elements of retrospective data collection. SETTING: Denmark 1996-2002. POPULATION: A total of 92,671 pregnant women enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort and interviewed subsequently. METHODS: Data on exercise ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2007
PURPOSE: Breast cancer chemotherapy may cause unfavorable changes in physical functioning, body composition, psychosocial functioning, and quality of life (QOL). We evaluated the relative merits of aerobic and resistance exercise in blunting these effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter randomized controlled trial in Canada between 2003 and 2005 ...
Campbell Kristin L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cellular proliferation and apoptosis (cell death) are highly regulated in the colon as insufficient apoptosis may lead to polyps and cancer. Physical activity decreases risk of colon cancer in observational studies, but the biological basis is not well defined. The objective of this study is to examine the effects ...
Taylor-Piliae Ruth E - - 2007
According to reported global estimates, 15 million people suffer from a stroke each year, resulting in 5.5 million deaths, with 5 million left permanently disabled. Typical disabilities following stroke include poor neuromuscular control, hemodynamic imbalance, and negative mood state. Tai Chi (TC) is associated with better balance, lower blood pressure, ...
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