Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 856
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Wipfli B - - 2011
Research has revealed that exercise is effective for reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety. The mechanisms by which these reductions occur, however, have not been widely studied. To examine several potential theories, a prospective, randomized, 7-week exercise intervention was conducted. Untrained participants were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise group ...
Spence Rosalind R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is increasingly being viewed as a chronic illness requiring long-term management, and there is a growing need for evidence-based rehabilitation interventions for cancer survivors. Previous reviews have evaluated the benefits of exercise interventions for patients undergoing cancer treatment and long-term survivors, but none have investigated the role of ...
Jones Lee W LW Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2010
Recent epidemiologic studies report that regular exercise may be associated with substantial reductions in cancer-specific and all-cause mortality following a breast cancer diagnosis. The mechanisms underlying this relationship have not been identified. We investigated the effects of long-term voluntary wheel running on growth and progression using an animal model of ...
Adkins Barbara Windom - - 2009
Regular physical exercise can maximize physical, mental, and social well-being during and after treatment in breast cancer survivors. An exercise program following cancer therapy is facilitated by instilling a positive attitude toward exercise, confidence in conquering barriers, and a supportive social environment. The purpose of this article is to describe ...
Hern?ndez Raquel - - 2009
The present purpose was to evaluate changes in 10 elite judokas' mood state (5 men, 5 women) during the 7-wk. competitive period of the season. Quantitative monitoring of the training volume and body-weight monitoring were recorded, and an adapted Profile of Mood States was administered weekly, including competition days. Analysis ...
Annesi James J - - 2009
Obese women (N = 107) enrolled in a YMCA-based exercise and nutrition information program completed rating scales of satisfaction with one's body, self-efficacy related to exercise, physical self-concept, and overall mood, at baseline and at Week 24. Percent of exercise session attendance was also calculated. Multiple regression analysis, with entry ...
Volpato G T - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise on pregnancy outcome in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats (n = 11 animals/group). These animals were randomly assigned to sedentary (G1) and exercised groups, beginning from day 0 (G2) or 7 (G3) to day 20 of pregnancy. The moderate ...
Chmelo Elizabeth A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine affective responses during and following resistance exercise in a mirrored environment. Thirty-two females completed three sessions. During session one, exercise intensity was determined for the subsequent two sessions. During the next two sessions participants performed eight exercises either with or without mirrors. ...
Juhl Mette - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between physical exercise during pregnancy and fetal growth measures. STUDY DESIGN: Data on 79,692 liveborn singletons from the Danish National Birth Cohort were collected between 1996 and 2002. Mean differences in birthweight, length, ponderal index, head and abdominal circumference, ...
Schwartz Anna L - - 2009
Weight gain is common during and following cancer treatment and contributes to many adverse health consequences and increased risk of recurrence for cancer survivors. The purpose of this longitudinal randomized controlled trial was to compare differences in weight change and body composition among newly diagnosed cancer survivors receiving chemotherapy who ...
Antonelli Jodi A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and molecular evidence suggest potential associations between exercise and prostate cancer risk reduction. We further characterized this relationship by examining exercise and cancer risk among men undergoing prostate needle biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 190 men who underwent prostate biopsy at the Durham Veterans Affairs Medical ...
Barakat R - - 2010
In this study, the effects of maternal physical activity level on several fetal haemodynamic parameters such as pulsatility index of the fetal middle cerebral and umbilical arteries and cerebral-to-fetal ratio, as well as on fetal heart rate responses to one bout of moderate exercise (20 min cycle-ergometry at approximately 60% ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2010
The objective of this study was to document self-reported beliefs about physical activity and exercise among pregnant women. The Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition (PIN3) Study asked 1306 pregnant women about beliefs regarding physical activity and exercise at 27-30 weeks' gestation. While 78% of women agreed that most women can continue ...
Chen Xiaoli - - 2009
The authors evaluated the effect of regular exercise during the first 36 months after cancer diagnosis on quality of life (QOL) in a population-based cohort study of 1,829 Chinese women diagnosed with breast cancer. The women were identified between 2002 and 2004 and were invited to participate in the study ...
Gho Sheridan A - - 2010
GOALS OF WORK: Although exercise can provide a range of benefits for women living with a breast cancer diagnosis, many impediments to exercise exist. Several psychosocial and physical capacity impediments to exercise have been investigated, but no study has systematically investigated whether bras impede breast cancer patients from exercising. This ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine exercise preferences among patients with head and neck cancer and their associations with quality of life, symptom severity, depression, and rural residence. METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional chart review and self-administered survey, with 90 outpatients with head and neck cancer (response rate = ...
Yeo Seonae S School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 5008 Carrington Hall CB 7460, Chapel Hill, NC - - 2009
Pregnant women at risk for preeclampsia may benefit from the positive effects of exercise, but they may be unlikely to adhere to an exercise program. A randomized trial was conducted with 124 sedentary pregnant women to compare the effects of walking exercise to a stretching exercise on adherence and on ...
Abrantes Ana M - - 2009
Aerobic exercise can acutely influence anxious and depressive mood in both clinical and nonclinical populations. However, there are no existing studies that have examined the acute effect of exercise on mood, anxiety, obsessions, and compulsions in patients with OCD. The primary aim of this study was to examine acute changes ...
Mottola Michelle F - - 2009
Once a low-risk pregnancy has been established, walking in combination with nutritional control may be effective in preventing excessive weight gain in overweight and obese women. Maternal exercise prescription should use the Frequency, Intensity, Time spent and Type of exercise principle, with a frequency of three to four sessions per ...
Ligibel Jennifer A - - 2009
Evidence suggests that exercise affects breast cancer risk and outcomes, but little is known about the mechanisms through which this effect may be mediated. This study examines the impact of exercise upon levels of adiponectin, high molecular weight adiponectin (HMWA), and leptin in breast cancer survivors. One hundred and one ...
Hayes Sandra C - - 2009
Cancer represents a major public health concern in Australia. Causes of cancer are multifactorial with lack of physical activity being considered one of the known risk factors, particularly for breast and colorectal cancers. Participating in exercise has also been associated with benefits during and following treatment for cancer, including improvements ...
Latka Rebecca N - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine predictors of exercise adherence in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Seventy-five breast cancer survivors were randomly assigned to exercise (n = 37) or usual care (n = 38). Demographic, prognostic, physiologic, and psychosocial information was collected at baseline and 6 months. The exercise goal was 30 min of ...
Olson David - - 2009
A greater number of women are choosing to exercise in pregnancy as the recommendations by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) and other organizations have changed in recent years. Exercise during pregnancy can be beneficial to the health of the fetus and mother. Physicians should be aware of ...
Hunt-Shanks Tiffany - - 2009
Female cardiac patients frequently experience greater anxiety and depression and engage in less exercise when compared with their male counterparts. This study considered whether exercise had similar effects on male and female cardiac patients' autonomic anxiety, negative affect and depression, and whether exercise behavior explained the gender difference in their ...
Floyd Anna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Both during and after treatment, cancer survivors experience declines in physical and psychosocial quality of life (QoL). Prior research indicates that exercise interventions alleviate problems in physical functioning and some aspects of psychological functioning. For survivors seeking social support, exercise programs that are conducted in group settings may foster ...
Fernández M E - - 2009
This paper presents a series of algorithms for dairy barn design. The aim of the study was to develop algorithms for the design of new barn areas that can added to the main barn areas (resting, feeding, and exercise) to complement barn layout. More specifically, we developed design and dimensioning ...
Petruzzello Steven J - - 2009
We examined changes in state anxiety (SA) and Total Mood Disturbance (TMD) associated with acute exercise in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and the influence of trait anxiety (TA) on the magnitude of the changes. Females (N=25) with MS were separated into subgroups of higher trait anxiety (HTA, n=8) or ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: As a first step in planning interventions to promote exercise in rural breast cancer survivors (BCS), we sought to determine the exercise preferences of rural BCS and to identify the major determinants of these preferences. METHODS: Self-administered mail survey to a population-based sample from a state cancer registry. RESULTS: ...
Rajarajeswaran P - - 2009
Physical exercise has attracted increased interest in rehabilitation of oncological patients. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature and summarize the evidence of physical exercise in preventing cancer, its ability in attenuating the effect of cancer and its treatments and to provide guidelines for exercise prescription Review ...
Cadmus Lisa A LA Cancer Prevention Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, - - 2009
To determine the effect of exercise on quality of life in (a) a randomized controlled trial of exercise among recently diagnosed breast cancer survivors undergoing adjuvant therapy and (b) a similar trial among post-treatment survivors. Fifty newly diagnosed breast cancer survivors were recruited through a hospital-based tumor registry and randomized ...
Cramp Anita G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Health research has demonstrated that physical activity during the postnatal period may play a crucial role in managing the physical and psychological challenges that women face during these times of transition. To promote physical activity during the postnatal period, mother-and-baby exercise classes are offered through several health and fitness ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2009
An increasing number of studies within the recent years connected physical exercise with changes in brain cortical activity. Most of this data (1) refers to aerobic exercise and (2) does not correlate to psychological parameters although it is well known that exercise has a positive effect on mood. In times ...
Ströhle Andreas - - 2009
Regular physical activity is anxiolytic in both healthy subjects and patients with panic disorder. In contrast, acute exercise may induce acute panic attacks or increase subjective anxiety in patients with panic disorder more than in other people. The effects of quiet rest or an aerobic treadmill exercise (30 min at ...
Kalisiak Brooke - - 2009
Forty-two percent of women report exercising during pregnancy. Current American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists (ACOG) guidelines recommend only 30 minutes of exercise per day. Developments in research have occurred since the 2002 publication of the ACOG guidelines. Evaluation of specific outcomes related to the mother, fetus, and child provide ...
Mavrovouniotis Fotios H - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of Greek traditional dances on the improvement of old people's quality of life. A hundred and eleven subjects (75 women and 36 men) 60-91 years old, were divided into an experimental group (n=76) which participated in Greek traditional dances ...
Hacker Eileen - - 2009
Exercise improves quality of life (QOL) in people with cancer. Most oncology healthcare providers recognize the statement to be true because the research literature provides strong support for the physical and psychological benefits of exercise. Because the terms exercise, QOL, and people with cancer have different meanings, the contextual connections ...
Alfano Catherine M CM The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center and College of Public Health, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2009
Improving diet and exercise can reduce survivors' risk of cancer-related fatigue, poor physical functioning, and potential recurrence. A cancer diagnosis can represent a 'teachable moment', leading survivors to make positive changes in diet and exercise behaviors; however, little is known about how often this occurs or about factors that enhance ...
Schneider Stefan - - 2009
An increasing number of studies within the recent years connected physical exercise with changes in brain cortical activity. Most of this data (1) refers to aerobic exercise and (2) does not correlate to psychological parameters although it is well known that exercise has a positive effect on mood. In times ...
Fish Anne F - - 2009
Nurses conducting clinical research often test the feasibility and acceptability of interventions before using them in large-scale experimental studies. This article specifically reviews stepping exercise as an intervention with women. In a literature review, three stepping modes (steptreadmill, bench/step, and stepper) were compared, with the steptreadmill being identified as the ...
Haakstad Lene A H - - 2009
Current exercise guidelines recommend pregnant women to exercise throughout pregnancy. However, a high percentage of pregnant women are sedentary, and there is an increasing decline of physical activity and exercise, especially in the third trimester. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare demographic and health-related factors in ...
Tacón Anna M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe the rationale and protocol for a pilot study in women with breast cancer that integrates the two complementary therapies of mindfulness and exercise. DESIGN: A sample of 30 women diagnosed with breast cancer within the previous 12 months who have completed ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2009
CONTEXT: Rural breast cancer survivors may be at increased risk for inadequate exercise participation. PURPOSE: To determine for rural breast cancer survivors: (1) exercise preference "patterns," (2) exercise resources and associated factors, and (3) exercise environment. METHODS: A mail survey was sent to rural breast cancer survivors identified through a ...
Bicego Deanna - - 2009
The goal of this systematic review was to examine the effect of exercise on quality of life (QOL) in women living with breast cancer. Data bases searched were MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and PEDro. Keywords were "breast cancer and quality of life" in combination with "exercise" or "physical activity" (with ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2009
Strenuous upper-extremity activity and/or exercise have traditionally been prescribed for breast cancer survivors with or at risk of developing lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an acute bout of exercise on upper-limb volume and symptoms in breast cancer survivors, with the intent to provide ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2009
Preeclampsia (PE) is a common maternal disease that complicates 5 to 10% of pregnancies and remains as the major cause of maternal and neonatal mortality. Cost-effective interventions aimed at preventing the development of preeclampsia are urgently needed. However, the pathogenesis of PE is not well known. Multiple mechanisms such as ...
Adamsen Lis - - 2009
To assess the effect of a multimodal group exercise intervention, as an adjunct to conventional care, on fatigue, physical capacity, general wellbeing, physical activity, and quality of life in patients with cancer who were undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy or treatment for advanced disease. Randomised controlled trial. Two university hospitals in Copenhagen, ...
Irwin Melinda L ML Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, P.O. Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, USA. - - 2009
High insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels may be associated with an increased breast cancer risk and/or death. Given the need to identify modifiable factors that decrease insulin, IGF-I, and breast cancer risk and death, we investigated the effects of a 6-month randomized controlled aerobic exercise intervention versus usual ...
Woo Minjung - - 2009
The "feel better" effect of exercise has been well established, but the specific influence of exercise duration on affect has not been systematically studied from a multi-level measurement approach. Such an approach offers the opportunity to assess psychophysiological responses that relate to psychological state. One relevant response is the change ...
Spear Scott L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Animation deformity or breast distortion during pectoralis muscle contraction following subpectoral breast augmentation is a known entity, but its prevalence and significance remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and severity of animation deformity as well as its effect on patient satisfaction and interference ...
Knapen J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Acute aerobic exercise is associated with a reduction in state anxiety and an improvement in subjective well-being. The objective of the present study was to contrast the effects of aerobic exercise at self-selected intensity versus prescribed intensity on state anxiety and subjective well-being (negative affect, positive well-being and fatigue) ...
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