Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 819
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Schneider Stefan - - 2009
An increasing number of studies within the recent years connected physical exercise with changes in brain cortical activity. Most of this data (1) refers to aerobic exercise and (2) does not correlate to psychological parameters although it is well known that exercise has a positive effect on mood. In times ...
Fish Anne F - - 2009
Nurses conducting clinical research often test the feasibility and acceptability of interventions before using them in large-scale experimental studies. This article specifically reviews stepping exercise as an intervention with women. In a literature review, three stepping modes (steptreadmill, bench/step, and stepper) were compared, with the steptreadmill being identified as the ...
Haakstad Lene A H - - 2009
Current exercise guidelines recommend pregnant women to exercise throughout pregnancy. However, a high percentage of pregnant women are sedentary, and there is an increasing decline of physical activity and exercise, especially in the third trimester. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare demographic and health-related factors in ...
Tacón Anna M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe the rationale and protocol for a pilot study in women with breast cancer that integrates the two complementary therapies of mindfulness and exercise. DESIGN: A sample of 30 women diagnosed with breast cancer within the previous 12 months who have completed ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2009
CONTEXT: Rural breast cancer survivors may be at increased risk for inadequate exercise participation. PURPOSE: To determine for rural breast cancer survivors: (1) exercise preference "patterns," (2) exercise resources and associated factors, and (3) exercise environment. METHODS: A mail survey was sent to rural breast cancer survivors identified through a ...
Bicego Deanna - - 2009
The goal of this systematic review was to examine the effect of exercise on quality of life (QOL) in women living with breast cancer. Data bases searched were MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and PEDro. Keywords were "breast cancer and quality of life" in combination with "exercise" or "physical activity" (with ...
McNeely Margaret L - - 2009
Strenuous upper-extremity activity and/or exercise have traditionally been prescribed for breast cancer survivors with or at risk of developing lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an acute bout of exercise on upper-limb volume and symptoms in breast cancer survivors, with the intent to provide ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2009
Preeclampsia (PE) is a common maternal disease that complicates 5 to 10% of pregnancies and remains as the major cause of maternal and neonatal mortality. Cost-effective interventions aimed at preventing the development of preeclampsia are urgently needed. However, the pathogenesis of PE is not well known. Multiple mechanisms such as ...
Adamsen Lis - - 2009
To assess the effect of a multimodal group exercise intervention, as an adjunct to conventional care, on fatigue, physical capacity, general wellbeing, physical activity, and quality of life in patients with cancer who were undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy or treatment for advanced disease. Randomised controlled trial. Two university hospitals in Copenhagen, ...
Irwin Melinda L - - 2009
High insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels may be associated with an increased breast cancer risk and/or death. Given the need to identify modifiable factors that decrease insulin, IGF-I, and breast cancer risk and death, we investigated the effects of a 6-month randomized controlled aerobic exercise intervention versus usual ...
Woo Minjung - - 2009
The "feel better" effect of exercise has been well established, but the specific influence of exercise duration on affect has not been systematically studied from a multi-level measurement approach. Such an approach offers the opportunity to assess psychophysiological responses that relate to psychological state. One relevant response is the change ...
Spear Scott L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Animation deformity or breast distortion during pectoralis muscle contraction following subpectoral breast augmentation is a known entity, but its prevalence and significance remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and severity of animation deformity as well as its effect on patient satisfaction and interference ...
Knapen J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Acute aerobic exercise is associated with a reduction in state anxiety and an improvement in subjective well-being. The objective of the present study was to contrast the effects of aerobic exercise at self-selected intensity versus prescribed intensity on state anxiety and subjective well-being (negative affect, positive well-being and fatigue) ...
Blaauwbroek Ria - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of home-based exercise counselling with feedback from a pedometer on fatigue in adult survivors of childhood cancer. Adult survivors of childhood cancer were recruited from the long-term follow-up clinic of the University Medical Centre Groningen, The Netherlands. A score of ...
Hsieh City C CC Department of Physical Education, The National HsinChu University of Education, - - 2008
To investigate the effects of supervised exercise training on cardiopulmonary function and fatigue in cancer survivors undergoing various clinical treatments. Pretest and post-test quasiexperimental. Outpatient oncology rehabilitation center. 96 breast cancer survivors undergoing various clinical treatments. Subjects were divided into four groups based on the specific type of clinical treatment: ...
Ligibel Jennifer A - - 2009
Epidemiological evidence suggests that physical activity may affect breast cancer risk and other health outcomes. Little information is available regarding changes in activity after diagnosis and treatment of in-situ cancer. We enrolled 487 women with newly diagnosed ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS) in a longitudinal cohort study. Exercise behaviors were assessed at ...
Klika Riggs J - - 2008
PURPOSE: The processes by which we assess, create an individualized exercise program, and monitor training of a breast cancer survivor who was participating in a fitness plan during and after surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments were examined over a 391-d period. CASE STUDY: A 57-yr-old female was diagnosed with stage ...
Rose Elaine A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: It is important that individuals experience a positive affective response during exercise to encourage future behavior. Exercise intensity is a determinant of the affective response. Current research protocols have failed to find the intensity at which all individuals will experience this positive affective response. Consequently, the purpose of this ...
Milne Helen M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Short term exercise interventions have been shown to be beneficial for breast cancer survivors soon after treatments but longer term adherence is needed. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of a supervised exercise program on motivational variables in breast cancer survivors using Self-Determination Theory (SDT). METHOD: Sixty breast cancer survivors ...
Lee Jiyeon - - 2008
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between nausea and exercise during and after adjuvant cancer treatment (chemotherapy and radiation therapy or chemotherapy alone). DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from a longitudinal, single-blinded, three-arm, randomized controlled trial. The trial failed to show a significant effect of an exercise intervention on nausea control (by ...
Ströhle Andreas - - 2009
There is a general belief that physical activity and exercise have positive effects on mood and anxiety and a great number of studies describe an association of physical activity and general well-being, mood and anxiety. In line, intervention studies describe an anxiolytic and antidepressive activity of exercise in healthy subjects ...
Wipfli Bradley M - - 2008
A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effects of exercise on anxiety. Because previous meta-analyses in the area included studies of varying quality, only randomized, controlled trials were included in the present analysis. Results from 49 studies show an overall effect size of -0.48, indicating larger reductions in anxiety among ...
Jones Lee W - - 2008
The use of exercise testing as an objective assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness in clinical oncology research has increased substantially over the past decade. However, its quality has not been assessed. We did a systematic review of studies of formal exercise testing for adults with cancer. Studies were assessed according to ...
Schwartz Anna L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To provide a summary of the research on the effects of exercise on cancer survivors during and following cancer treatment. DATA SOURCES: Electronic data bases, published studies and review articles. CONCLUSION: While there is a growing body of research on the effects of exercise on cancer survivors, evidence is ...
Clapp James F JF - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to test the null hypothesis that continuing vigorous weight-bearing exercise throughout pregnancy has no discernible long-term effect on indices of fitness and/or cardiovascular risk. STUDY DESIGN: This was a follow-up observational study of the fitness and cardiovascular risk profile of 39 women conducted ...
van Mersbergen Miriam - - 2008
PURPOSE: Previous research has proposed that persons with functional dysphonia (FD) present with temperamental traits that predispose them to their voice disorder. We investigated this theory in a controlled experiment and compared them with social anxiety (SA) and healthy control (HC) groups. METHOD: Twelve participants with FD, 19 participants with ...
Kop Willem J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Physical inactivity is associated with elevated inflammatory markers, but little is known about the time trajectories of reduced physical activity and inflammatory markers. Changes in inflammatory markers in response to withholding regular aerobic exercise were prospectively examined and correlated with increased negative mood symptoms and fatigue that accompany exercise ...
Owe K M - - 2009
The aims of this study were to describe the level of exercise during pregnancy and to assess factors associated with regular exercise. Using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 34 508 pregnancies were included in the present study. Data ...
Chu Hui-Wen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined relationships among social physique anxiety, obligation to exercise, and exercise choices. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: College students (N = 337; 200 women, 137 men) volunteered to complete 3 questionnaires: the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS), Obligatory Exercise Questionnaire (OEQ), and Physical Activity Specification Survey (PASS). RESULTS: On ...
Barakat R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some controversy exists over the possibility that exercise during pregnancy might increase the risk of preterm delivery. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the possible cause-effect relationship between regular exercise performed during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy by previously sedentary, healthy gravidae and gestational age at the ...
Irwin Melinda L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Given observational findings that physical activity reduces breast cancer risk, improves survival, and improves quality of life in breast cancer survivors, a need has been identified for randomized controlled trials that test the efficacy of exercise on biological mechanisms associated with breast cancer survival. The primary aims of the ...
Newton Robert U - - 2008
Regular and vigorous physical exercise has been scientifically established as providing strong preventative medicine against cancer with the potential to reduce incidence by 40%. The effect is strongest for breast and colorectal cancer; however, evidence is accumulating for the protective influence on prostate cancer, although predominantly for more advanced disease ...
Kuehner C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although aggravating effects of rumination on dysfunctional cognitions and endocrine stress responses have been proposed, experimental studies testing these assumptions are lacking. In parallel, mindfulness theory suggests beneficial effects of mindfulness on dysfunctional cognitions. This study aimed to investigate the effects of induced rumination, distraction and mindful self-focus on ...
Graham Rodger - - 2008
This qualitative study describes the effect of exercise on psychological well-being among individuals with chronic illnesses and disabilities such as stroke, cancer, diabetes and arthritis. Eleven users of a physical disability daycentre completed a novel, six-month, group-based programme of seated exercise provided by the first author. Results from grounded analyses ...
Sengupta Uma - - 2008
A 10-month-old child with prenatal history of vaginal bleeding in mother at 8 weeks of pregnancy, delivered by cesarean section and history of neonatal jaundice was bought with poor social smile, poor eye contact, and inability to sit independently. He was enrolled in early intervention programme, which included relaxation exercises, ...
Broman-Fulks Joshua J - - 2008
Anxiety sensitivity, or the belief that anxiety-related sensations can have negative consequences, has been shown to play an important role in the etiology and maintenance of panic disorder and other anxiety-related pathology. Aerobic exercise involves exposure to physiological cues similar to those experienced during anxiety reactions. The present study sought ...
Barton Debra L - - 2008
Hot flashes negatively impacted the patient's mood, stress level, sleep, and relationship with her husband. Breathing exercises and pharmacological management with a low-dose antidepressant alleviated the problem.
Hayasaka Shinya - - 2008
This uncontrolled intervention study explored the effects of sauna bathing utilizing residual heat from charcoal kilns (charcoal kiln saunas) on psychological states. Forty-five volunteers (24 males and 21 females; mean age 51.9 years (S.D. 15.7) visiting a bamboo charcoal kiln in Japan participated in the study. They completed a shortened ...
Drouin Jacqueline S - - 2008
Evidence suggests that exercise during treatment and in recovery from cancer appears to be safe and effective for promoting physical health and well being. However, limited evidence exists on the physiological adaptations resulting from exercise training during or following treatment for urologic cancers. Determining physiological adaptations from exercise in individuals ...
Penney Debra S - - 2008
Pregnant women without medical or obstetric problems should be encouraged to exercise. The paucity of experimental data on exercise in pregnancy forces recommendations to be drawn from a synthesis of available information. Vigorous exercise during pregnancy seems to pose no adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes. Nonetheless, the safety of vigorous ...
Ulman Douglas - - 2008
Doug Ulman is the President of the Lance Armstrong Foundation and founder of the Ulman Cancer Fund for Young Adults. He is a three-time cancer survivor, diagnosed with chondrosarcoma in 1996 and subsequently diagnosed twice with melanoma. I was diagnosed with cancer in the "athletic prime" of my life. The ...
Perna Frank M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative frequency of and barriers to exercise among women with breast cancer while controlling for cancer-relevant and demographic factors. DESIGN: The present study employed concurrent samples, correlational research design. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Exercise frequency and its association with negative affect and barriers to exercise, independent of ...
Juhl Mette - - 2008
According to many national recommendations, women should be physically active during pregnancy, but empirical evidence to support this recommendation is sparse. The authors' aim in this study was to examine the relation between physical exercise during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth. Self-reported data on physical exercise during pregnancy ...
Ligibel Jennifer A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Accumulating data suggest that exercise may affect breast cancer risk and outcomes. Studies have demonstrated that high levels of insulin, often seen in sedentary individuals, are associated with increased risk of breast cancer recurrence and death. We sought to analyze whether exercise lowered insulin concentrations in breast cancer survivors. ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a single session of exercise of appropriate intensity and duration for aerobic conditioning has a different acute effect on mood for nonexercisers than regular exercisers. DESIGN: Repeated-measures design. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Adult nonexercisers, moderate exercisers, and ultramarathon runners (8 men, 8 women in each group). ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Exercise adherence is a challenge for breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy but few studies have identified the key barriers. PURPOSE: In this paper, we report the barriers to supervised exercise in breast cancer patients participating in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Breast cancer patients initiating adjuvant chemotherapy (N = ...
DiStasio Susan A - - 2008
Although yoga has been practiced in Eastern culture for thousands of years as part of life philosophy, classes in the United States only recently have been offered to people with cancer. The word yoga is derived from the Sanskrit root yuj, meaning to bind, join, and yoke. This reflection of ...
Hausenblas Heather A - - 2008
To meet the need for an interactive product on exercise during pregnancy and postpartum, we developed and evaluated a personally tailored multimedia CD-ROM. Pregnant and postpartum women, who were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (PregXercise CD-ROM) or the control group (CD-ROM with neutral content), navigated through the CD-ROM ...
Keays Kim S - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Pilates exercises on shoulder range of motion (ROM), pain, mood, and upper-extremity (UE) function in women who had been treated for breast cancer. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 4 women who had undergone axillary dissection and radiation ...
Hamilton Lisa Dawn - - 2008
Several studies have demonstrated that moderate exercise increases genital response to erotic stimuli in women. The increase in genital arousal could be the result of various changes that can occur in response to exercise including changes in hormone levels, neurotransmitter levels, mood, and autonomic nervous system activity. The present study ...
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