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Stanforth Dixie - - 2011
To replicate previous research that concluded exercise affects health via a placebo effect: simply telling workers with physically active jobs that their "work is exercise" improves health. A convenience sample of university building service workers (n=53) learned "their work is exercise" or about job safety. Groups demonstrated similar outcomes at ...
Goldberg Arnold - - 2011
This paper expands upon and further develops the centrality of empathy in psychoanalysis as offered by Heinz Kohut. Using clinical examples, it differentiates sustained empathy as the distinctive component of psychoanalysis, and it demonstrates some of the difficulties in determining the boundaries of empathy in the practice of psychoanalysis. A ...
Wang Ya-Jung - - 2011
: In Western culture, evidence has shown that in women with breast cancer exercise decreases fatigue and improves quality of life. However, only 1 pilot study about the effect of exercise has been examined in the Asian breast cancer population that indicated feasibility. Therefore, it is important to further study ...
Spence R R - - 2011
SPENCE R.R., HEESCH K.C. & BROWN W.J. (2010) European Journal of Cancer Care20, 257-266 Colorectal cancer survivors' exercise experiences and preferences: qualitative findings from an exercise rehabilitation programme immediately after chemotherapy Little is known about cancer survivors' experiences with and preferences for exercise programmes offered during rehabilitation (immediately after cancer ...
Kahol Kanav - - 2011
Obesity and diabetes have reached epidemic proportions in both developing and developed nations. While doctors and caregivers stress the importance of physical exercise in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, many people have difficulty subscribing to a healthy lifestyle. Virtual reality games offer a potentially exciting aid in accelerating and sustaining behavior ...
Carr Lucas J - - 2011
Background Sedentary time is independently associated with an increased risk of metabolic disease. Worksite interventions designed to decrease sedentary time may serve to improve employee health. Objective The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility and use of a pedal exercise machine for reducing workplace sedentary time. Methods ...
Duijts Saskia F A - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effect of behavioral techniques and physical exercise on psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in breast cancer patients and survivors. Methods: A meta-analysis was carried out to quantify the effects of behavioral and exercise interventions on fatigue, depression, anxiety, body-image, stress and HRQoL. ...
Ferrer Rebecca A RA Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. - - 2011
Exercise improves quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors, although characteristics of efficacious exercise interventions for this population have not been identified. The present meta-analysis examines the efficacy of exercise interventions in improving QOL in cancer survivors, as well as features that may moderate such effects. Studies were identified and ...
Gjerset G M - - 2011
To be able to make suitable exercise intervention programmes for cancer survivors, we need more information about exercise preferences. The primary aim of the study was to investigate the interest and preferences for exercise among Norwegian cancer survivors. A secondary aim was to identify demographic and medical characteristics associated with ...
Lim Hayoung A - - 2011
The present study investigated the effects of a Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT) sensory-motor rehabilitation technique, Therapeutic Instrumental Music Performance (TIMP) as compared to Traditional Occupational Therapy (TOT), on endurance, self-perceived fatigue, and self-perceived exertion of 35 hospitalized patients in physical rehabilitation. The present study attempted to examine whether an active ...
Beis Lukas Y - - 2011
Ingestion of creatine (Cr) and glycerol (Gly) has been reported to be an effective method in expanding water compartments within the human body, attenuating the rise in heart rate (HR) and core temperature (Tcore) during exercise in the heat. Despite these positive effects, a substantial water retention could potentially impair ...
Mestre Daniel R - - 2011
We herein report an experimental study examining the potential positive effects of Virtual Reality (VR) feedback during an indoor bicycling exercise. Using a regular bike coupled to a VR system, we compared conditions of no VR feedback, VR feedback and VR feedback with the presence of a virtual coach, acting ...
Berendsen Brenda Aj - - 2011
Improving the lifestyle of overweight and obese adults is of increasing interest in view of its role in several chronic diseases. Interventions aiming at overweight or weight-related chronic diseases suffer from high drop-out rates. It has been suggested that Motivational Interviewing and more frequent and more patient-specific coaching could decrease ...
Syu Guan-Da - - 2011
Neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis, a process crucial for immune regulation, is mainly controlled by alterations in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondria integrity. Exercise has been proposed to be a physiological way to modulate immunity; while acute severe exercise (ASE) usually impedes immunity, chronic moderate exercise (CME) improves it. This study ...
Vasques Paulo Eduardo - - 2011
The goal of this study was to assess the acute effect of physical exercise on the cognitive function of depressed elderly patients in a dual-task experiment. Physical exercise has a positive effect on the brain and may even act as a treatment for major depressive disorder. However, the effects of ...
Howe Tracey E - - 2011
Osteoporosis is a condition resulting in an increased risk of skeletal fractures due to a reduction in the density of bone tissue. Treatment of osteoporosis typically involves the use of pharmacological agents. In general it is thought that disuse (prolonged periods of inactivity) and unloading of the skeleton promotes reduced ...
Dziedzic Krysia S - - 2011
There is limited evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of occupational therapy (OT) approaches in the management of hand osteoarthritis (OA). Joint protection and hand exercises have been proposed by European guidelines, however the clinical and cost effectiveness of each intervention is unknown.This multicentre two-by-two factorial randomised controlled trial ...
Karre Premnath Reddy - - 2011
Rhabdomyolysis is an uncommon but life threatening condition that develops due to breakdown of muscle and release of intracellular components into the circulation. A 24-year-old man otherwise healthy was admitted to our hospital because of muscle aches and weakness as well as cola coloured urine developed 3 days after carrying ...
Renoir Thibault - - 2011
Using the R6/1 mouse model of Huntington disease (HD), we have recently shown that voluntary physical activity was able to correct the depressive-like behaviours exhibited by the HD animals at a pre-motor symptomatic stage of the disease. Using the high performance liquid chromatography system, we have now evaluated the effect ...
Ke Zheng Z the Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2011
Stroke rehabilitation with different exercise paradigms has been investigated, but a comparison study on motor recovery after voluntary, involuntary, and forced exercises is limited. The current study used a rat brain ischemia model to investigate the effects of voluntary wheel running, involuntary muscle movement caused by functional electrical stimulation (FES), ...
Yoshizawa Makoto M Research Division on Advanced Information Technology, Cyberscience Center, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan. - - 2011
The present paper has proposed two methods for obtaining the linear correlation of the baroreflex system without measurement of blood pressure. One is based on the pulse wave transit time which needs both the electrocardiogram and the photoplethysmogram. The other is based on the photoplethysmogram only. The results from the ...
Jovanovic Jennifer L JL Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77230-1439, - - 2011
To determine whether self-reported exercise duration and intensity matched accelerometer data in sedentary endometrial cancer survivors and age-matched controls. Participants were asked to wear an accelerometer and self-report exercise bouts, duration, and intensity for one week. Self-reported duration was compared with accelerometer data. Self-reported exercise-bout duration matched accelerometer duration 93% ...
Warren Kimberly R - - 2011
People with schizophrenia have a higher prevalence of obesity than the general population. Many people with this illness struggle with weight gain, due, in part, to medications and other factors that act as obstacles to exercise and healthy eating. Several studies have shown the benefits of behavioral weight loss programs ...
Escalante Y - - 2010
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease. The reduced aerobic capacity of patients with lower limb osteoarthritis affects their independence in performing everyday activities. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize evidence for the effectiveness and structure of exercise programs on functional aerobic capacity (ability to perform activities ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2011
Interventions for disease prevention should also be evaluated for quality of life (QoL) effects. Few exercise trials have examined QoL in the context of primary disease prevention. Here, we report the QoL outcomes from the Alberta Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Prevention (ALPHA) Trial. The ALPHA trial was a randomized ...
Hughes Daniel D Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute for Health Promotion Research, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, TX, - - 2010
Self-efficacy can be affected by mastery experiences and somatic sensations. A novel exercise experience and associated sensations may impact self-efficacy and subsequent behaviors. We investigated the effect of a single exercise session on self-efficacy for sedentary endometrial cancer survivors compared with sedentary women of a similar age, but with no ...
Yang Chyn-Yng - - 2011
This paper is a report of a study analysing the effect of a home-based walking exercise program on symptoms and mood distress among breast cancer women receiving chemotherapy postoperatively. Treatment-related symptoms, mood distress and decline in physical activity have been identified as major complaints among cancer patients. Studies on the ...
Evenson Kelly R - - 2010
Many women do not attain minimum American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommendations for physical activity during pregnancy. This study assessed the self-reported practice patterns and recommendations of 384 obstetricians working in Texas through a mailed survey on physical activity during pregnancy. The most common exercise elements routinely collected ...
Lamarche Larkin - - 2010
The present study examined the impact of the exercise leader's gender on the self-presentational concerns of women in a live exercise class. Eighty-seven college-aged non- or infrequent exercisers participated in a group exercise class led by either a female or male instructor. Participants completed measures of Self-Presentational Efficacy (SPE), State ...
Daly Robin M - - 2010
Regular exercise, particularly progressive resistance training (PRT), is recognized as one of the most effective strategies to prevent age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia), but its effects on muscle function are mixed. However, emerging data indicates that high velocity PRT (fast concentric muscle contractions) is more effective for improving functional outcomes than ...
Stutzman Sherri S - - 2010
Pre-pregnancy obesity is a risk factor for preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and hypertension. Regular exercise during pregnancy has been shown to decrease the risk of these obstetrical complications. The purpose of this prospective study was to measure the effects of an exercise program in normal-weight and overweight/obese pregnant women on blood ...
DeNysschen Carol A - - 2011
The purpose of this secondary analysis was to examine the nutritional symptoms and body composition outcomes of aerobic exercise in women with breast cancer. A single-blind clinical trial, randomized to tailored Pro-Self(©) exercise during and after chemotherapy, after chemotherapy only, or no Pro-Self (usual care). One hundred women, average age ...
Rojas Vega Sandra - - 2011
It was recently shown in humans that exercise affects the neurotrophic factors known to function as neurogenesis regulators. No data related to exercise and pregnancy, however, is yet available. Thus, we investigated the effects of acute exercise on pregnant women during late pregnancy and women postpartum, on the serum concentration ...
Ligibel Jennifer A - - 2010
Many women gain weight after breast cancer diagnosis. Weight gain has been associated with poor quality of life (QOL), dissatisfaction with one's body, increased risk of postoperative complications, and possibly even an increased risk of breast cancer recurrence. Studies have suggested that decreases in physical activity during treatment may contribute ...
Bibeau Wendy S - - 2010
The affective benefits associated with aerobic exercise are well documented. However, literature concerning resistance exercise has suggested a more variable response (i.e., a short duration increase in state anxiety, which eventually is reduced below baseline) and thus may play an important role in the adoption and maintenance of a resistance ...
Barnes Robert T RT Department of Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0164, USA. - - 2010
A large body of literature advocates exercise as a successful intervention for increasing positive affect while also reducing negative affect and anxiety. Questions concerning the mechanisms driving these effects remain unanswered, particularly considering theorized attentional adaptations that may be elicited by acute exercise bouts. We investigated pre- and post-exercise attentional ...
Vella Luke D - - 2010
Alcohol consumption within elite sport has been continually reported both anecdotally within the media and quantitatively in the literature. The detrimental effects of alcohol on human physiology have been well documented, adversely influencing neural function, metabolism, cardiovascular physiology, thermoregulation and skeletal muscle myopathy. Remarkably, the downstream effects of alcohol consumption ...
Rose E A - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to compare affective and motivational responses to exercise performed at self-selected and prescribed intensity [close to ventilatory threshold (VT)] between physically active and sedentary women. Following a graded exercise test, the women completed two 30 min bouts of treadmill exercise (on separate days, order counterbalanced). ...
Chan Dorothy N S - - 2010
This article is a report of a review of the effectiveness of exercise programmes on shoulder mobility and lymphoedema in postoperative patients with breast cancer having axillary lymph node dissection, as revealed by randomized controlled trials. Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. After surgery, the most common ...
Bernardo Lisa Marie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exercise during treatment for early-stage breast cancer is helpful to mitigate fatigue and promote health. Little is known about the experiences of and preferences for exercise during treatment from a national perspective. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this descriptive survey was to explore women's experiences with and preferences for exercise ...
Hadd Valerie - - 2010
This study sought to (1) identify common stressors faced by breast cancer survivors involved in dragon boating, (2) examine the conceptual and statistical factor groupings of the stressors, (3) identify differences in stressor factors based on treatment characteristics, and (4) examine the associations between stressor factors and two indicators of ...
Blaney Janine - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence to support exercise as an effective management strategy for patients with cancer-related fatigue (CRF), many of the general cancer population are sedentary. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers to and facilitators of exercise among a mixed sample of patients with CRF. ...
Parry David - - 2011
Objective The authors examined the changing patterns of mood before and after an Ironman triathlon, and the relationships between expected performance outcomes, perception of effort and pacing. Design Twelve participants in the 2008 Ironman Austria triathlon competition were studied before, during and after the event. Each participant completed measures of ...
Lee Seung Ah - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a scapula-oriented exercise on upper limb dysfunction in breast cancer survivors. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized, controlled pilot trial with historical control. SETTING: Rehabilitation department at a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two women with breast cancer were randomly assigned to scapula-oriented exercise group (n = ...
Su Yu-Huei - - 2010
The current study examined the effects of applying relaxation breathing training (RBT) as a means to reduce music performance anxiety (MPA) in young, talented musicians. A group of 59 young musicians from 3rd to 6th grade participated in this study, and all of them started RBT twice a week for ...
Melzer Katarina - - 2010
Regular physical activity is associated with improved physiological, metabolic and psychological parameters, and with reduced risk of morbidity and mortality. Current recommendations aimed at improving the health and well-being of nonpregnant subjects advise that an accumulation of > or =30 minutes of moderate physical activity should occur on most, if ...
Glass Rebekah - - 2010
There is no consensus among the existing published evidence as to whether closed kinetic chain (CKC) or open kinetic chain (OKC) exercises should be the intervention of choice following an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury or reconstruction. The commonly held belief has been that OKC exercises cause increased strain on ...
Yeo SeonAe S University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Nursing, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2010
Preeclampsia is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity, and it increases maternal risk for future cardiovascular disease. The purpose of the study was to explore the relationships among stretching exercise, autonomic cardiac response, and the development of preeclampsia. Secondary data analysis. Heart rate and pulse pressure were longitudinally ...
Juhl M - - 2012
Physical activity is recommended during pregnancy, although strong evidence on reproductive health is lacking. We present exercise habits and predictors of exercise during pregnancy. From the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002), 88 200 singleton pregnancies were analyzed in logistic regression. About one-third of the women exercised in early/mid pregnancy and slightly ...
Arikawa Andrea Y AY Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA. - - 2010
Observational studies have shown that physical activity is inversely associated with breast cancer etiology. WISER is a randomized controlled trial examining the effects of exercise training on oxidative stress, and hormonal and metabolic factors associated with breast cancer risk. Subjects were recruited via emails, flyers, and mass media advertising. Inclusion ...
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