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Wang Wei-Te WT Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Changhua Christian Hospital, No. 135 Nan-Hsiao Street, Changhua 500, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the relationship among walking speed, exercise capacity, and leg strength in community dwelling stroke subjects and to evaluate which one was the leading determinant factor of them. Design. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Thirty-five chronic stroke patients who were able to walk independently in their community ...
Kim Jungyoon J Department of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Convergence Study of Bio-Medical Wellness, Yonsei University (Wonju Campus), Maeji-ri, Heungeop-myeon, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 220-710 Republic of - - 2014
In this study, the bandwidth of the filter-based fatigue index was determined by the comparison of optimized cut-off frequencies in different inter-electrode distances. Sixty-one subjects participated in isometric knee extension, isotonic ankle dorsiflexion, and isotonic elbow extension exercises. Electromyography (EMG) signals were obtained from right rectus femoris, triceps brachii, and ...
Karimzadehfini Atiye A Department of Sports, Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, - - 2014
This investigation compared the effects of exercise rehabilitation and bracing on muscle flexibility and strength as well as knee proprioception and pain in female sufferers of lateral displacement of patella (LDP). Twenty-two females with unilateral LDP were randomly divided into two groups to receive exercises (n = 12) or patellar ...
Fouré Alexandre A Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, CRMBM UMR CNRS 7339, Marseille, - - 2014
Isometric contractions induced by neuromuscular electrostimulation (NMES) have been shown to result in a prolonged force decrease but the time course of the potential central and peripheral factors have never been investigated. This study examined the specific time course of central and peripheral factors after isometric NMES-induced muscle damage. Twenty-five ...
Chwała Wiesław W Section of Biomechanics of the University School of Physical Education in Kraków, Al. Jana Pawła II 78, 31-571 Kraków, - - 2014
Background. The question of how to correct and rehabilitate scoliosis remains one of the most difficult problems of orthopaedics. Controversies continue to arise regarding various types of both symmetric and asymmetric scoliosis-specific therapeutic exercises. Objective. The aim of the present paper was to conduct an electromyographic assessment of functional symmetry ...
Greig Matt M a Department of Sport & Physical Activity , Edge Hill University , Ormskirk , Lancashire , - - 2014
To quantify the influence of soccer-specific fatigue on reactive dynamic balance, ten male professional soccer players (age 24.7 ± 4.4 yr, body mass 77.1 ± 8.3 kg, VO2max 63.0 ± 4.8 ml·kg·min(-1)) completed an exercise protocol replicating the activity profile of match-play. Pre-exercise, and at 15 min intervals, players completed ...
Szpala Agnieszka A Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, - - 2014
The objective of the research was to assess the effect of a 4-week-long training program on selected parameters: electromechanical delay (EMD) and amplitude of electromyographic signal (EMG). Fourteen female students of the University School of Physical Education participated in the study. Torques and surface electromyography were evaluated under static conditions. ...
Kesemenli Cumhur C CC Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine Kocaeli, - - 2014
A new isometric contraction quadriceps-strengthening exercise was developed to restore the quadriceps strength lost after knee surgery more rapidly. This study evaluated the results of this new method. Patients were taught to perform the isometric quadriceps-strengthening exercise in the unaffected knee in the supine position, and then they performed it ...
Iunes Denise H DH Federal University of Alfenas, Alfenas, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to verify self-care guidelines together with lower limb home exercises alter ankle and foot plantar pressure and alignment in patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) measuring health and sociodemographic factors. The health factors analyzed were sensitivity and circulation aspects, risk rating, and neuropathy ...
Quintrec Jean-Laurent Le JL Service de Médecine Gériatrique 3 [Department of Geriatric Medicine 3], Hôpital Sainte-Périne (A.P-H.P), Paris, - - 2014
Rheumatologic and geriatric scholarly organisations recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, which emphasise the usefulness of non-pharmacological therapies, are not scaled according to patient's age and physical condition. We conducted a systematic review of clinical trials on exercise and weight loss in hip and knee osteoarthritis in ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2013
The concept of a "polypill" is receiving growing attention to prevent cardiovascular disease. Yet similar if not overall higher benefits are achievable with regular exercise, a drug-free intervention for which our genome has been haped over evolution. Compared with drugs, exercise is available at low cost and relatively free of ...
Karachristianou Styliani - - 2013
Hypohidrosis is an uncommon and reversible side effect of topiramate treatment, reported mainly in children. This report presents an adult patient with complex partial seizures who was treated with topiramate and developed hypohidrosis coupled with hyperthermia, related to high environmental temperature and physical exercise. Reduced sweat response was confirmed using ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2013
The impact of exercise on mental health, on cognition, brain function and brain structure as well as the possible underlying molecular systems important for maintaining neural function and plasticity has been extensively examined. Moreover, numerous studies have reinforced t the important and beneficial role of exercise for those with neurological ...
Motta L - - 2013
A 12-month-old female neutered crossbreed was referred for investigation of seizure-like episodes occurring only at intense exercise. Thorough medical, neurological and cardiac investigations were performed and excluded the most commonly known causes of seizure-like activity. The dog was fitted with an ambulatory electrocardiography device and underwent another exercise-induced seizure. The ...
Kerson Toba Schwaber - - 2012
Philosopher Hannah Arendt maintains that everyone has the right to appear in public as an embodied, singular individual. Because of the stigma attached to epilepsy, many with this condition are denied this right. Using grounded theory techniques, the author analyzes uploads of epilepsy on YouTube. The author argues that personal ...
Peixinho-Pena Luiz Fernando - - 2012
The beneficial effects of physical exercise on epilepsy, such as a decreased seizure frequency, have been observed following aerobic exercise programs in both clinical and experimental studies. However, it is not well clarified whether other types of exercise, including strength exercise, can provide similar benefits for epilepsy. Forty four animals ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2012
Complementary therapies for preventing or treating epilepsy have been extensively used. This review focuses on the positive effects of physical exercise programs observed in clinical studies and experimental models of epilepsy and their significance as a complementary therapy for epilepsy. Information about the antiepileptogenic and neuroprotective effects of exercise is ...
Hellsten Ylva - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: This study examined vascular function and the adenosine system in skeletal muscle of patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (n = 10) and of normotensive (n = 11) patients, before and after aerobic training. METHODS:: Before and after 8 weeks of aerobic training, the patients completed experiments in which leg blood flow was determined ...
Leung Regina Wai Man - - 2012
The aims of the study were to determine the effect of short-form Sun-style Tai Chi (SSTC) (Part A) and investigate exercise intensity of SSTC (Part B) in people with COPD.Part A: After confirmation of eligibility, participants were randomly allocated to either the Tai Chi Group (TCG) or Control Group (CG) ...
Brunner J - - 2012
Summary This study aims at the comparison of the actual feeding of horses with the recommendations from the literature, and it studies the effects of feeding and exercise on several blood metabolic parameters before and after exercise. Blood samples were collected from 25 horses during one-star eventing competitions and evaluated ...
Jørgensen Tanja K - - 2012
The primary objective of this study was to quantify the frequency of advice given on type, frequency, duration, and intensity of exercise during physical activity (PA) promoting sessions by general practitioners. Second, to find GP characteristics associated with high quality of PA counselling. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. General practitioners in ...
Dasgupta Shuvra - - 2012
This report of an aircraft crash at a major airport in Kingston, Jamaica examines the response of the local Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Factors that impacted the response are discussed, and the need for more disaster simulation exercises is highlighted. The objective of this case report was to document the ...
Santa Mina D - - 2012
A large and convincing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of exercise for cancer survivors during and after treatment. Based on that literature, more cancer survivors should be offered exercise support and programming. Unfortunately, exercise programs remain an exception rather than the norm in cancer care. Not surprisingly, common barriers ...
Moalla Wassim - - 2012
We investigated the effect of training on peripheral muscular performance and oxygenation during exercise and recovery in children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Eighteen patients with CHD aged 12 to 15 years were randomly assigned into either an individualized 12-week aerobic cycling training group (TG) or a control group (CG). Maximal ...
Bobby Zachariah - - 2012
The graduate medical students often get less opportunity for clarifying their doubts and to reinforce their concepts after lecture classes. Assessment of the effect of MCQ preparation by graduate medical students as a revision exercise on the topic "Mineral metabolism." At the end of regular teaching module on the topic ...
Lee Seung-Pyo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) and decreased exercise capacity are common in chronic mitral regurgitation patients, the relationship between rhythm status and exercise capacity after corrective surgery is largely unknown. METHODS: Seventy-one patients undergoing repair or replacement of mitral valve for chronic severe mitral regurgitation were examined with preoperative and ...
Campbell Anna - - 2012
Abstract This statement provides a concise overview of the evidence on the benefits of staying active after a cancer diagnosis and the current guidelines for exercise prescription with this population.
Kilpatrick Marcus Wayne - - 2012
Abstract Perceptions of effort provide a sense of momentary exertion during exercise, but may have value when considered prior to and after exercise. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between perceived exertion assessed before, during, and after trials of aerobic exercise fixed for total work ...
Sinaki Mehrsheed - - 2012
Objective:  The objective of this report is to raise awareness of the effect of strenuous yoga flexion exercises on osteopenic or osteoporotic spines. We previously described subjects with known osteoporosis in whom vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) developed after spinal flexion exercise (SFE) and recommended that SFEs not be prescribed in ...
So Cynthia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe expectations of, and perceived motivators and barriers to, in-hospital exercise of hospitalized older adults. DESIGN: Qualitative study using the framework theory. SETTING: Public hospital general medical wards. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight English- or Spanish-speaking inpatients aged 65 to 103. MEASUREMENTS: Semistructured interviews were conducted at the bedside. Questions explored ...
Lépy M-C - - 2012
The second part of an intercomparison of the coincidence summing correction methods is presented. This exercise concerned three volume sources, filled with liquid radioactive solution. The same experimental spectra, decay scheme and photon emission intensities were used by all the participants. The results were expressed as coincidence summing corrective factors ...
McGregor A H AH Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, London, UK. - - 2012
This study evaluated an evidence-based education booklet developed for patients undergoing spinal surgery which was used as a treatment intervention in a multi-centre, factorial, randomised controlled trial (FASTER: Function after spinal treatment, exercise and rehabilitation) investigating the post-operative management of spinal surgery patients. This study sought to determine the acceptability ...
Siegel Rodney - - 2012
Exercising in hot environments results in a rise in core body temperature; an effect associated with impaired performance over a variety of exercise modes and durations. Precooling has become a popular strategy to combat this impairment, as evidence has shown it to be an effective method for lowering pre-exercise core ...
Feldman-Stewart Deb - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine if particular values clarification exercises included in a patient decision aid had discernible impact on postdecisional regret in patients with early-stage prostate cancer. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial compared 2 versions of a computerized patient decision aid: only structured information compared to the structured information plus ...
Rundell Kenneth William - - 2012
Unfavourable effects on the respiratory and the cardiovascular systems from short-term and long-term inhalation of air pollution are well documented. Exposure to freshly generated mixed combustion emissions such as those observed in proximity to roadways with high volumes of traffic and those from ice-resurfacing equipment are of particular concern. This ...
da Cunha Maira J - - 2012
The influence of physical exercise on the effects elicited by homocysteine on glutamate uptake and some parameters of oxidative stress, namely thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (H(2)DCF) oxidation, as well as enzymatic antioxidant activities, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat cerebral cortex were investigated. Wistar rats received subcutaneous administration ...
Díaz-Castro Javier - - 2012
Strenuous exercise induces muscle damage due to a highly increased generation of free radicals and inflammatory response and therefore, in this type of exercise, it is important to reduce both oxidative stress and inflammation, at least their negative aspects. The purpose of this study was investigate, for the first time, ...
Jia Binbin - - 2012
Hypercholesterolemia is one of the cardiovascular risk factors sensitive to preventive and control interventions. Here we created a hypercholesterolemia model to investigate the effect of the long term aerobic exercise (swimming) on the hemorheology of rats fed with high-fat diet. We found that the rats fed with high-fat diet developed ...
Stolee Paul - - 2012
Objective: Exercise programs have been found to have substantial benefits for older persons, but implementing these programs with frail homebound seniors is challenging. The project team aimed to evaluate an in-home exercise program for older adults - the Victorian Order of Nurses' for Canada's SMART (Seniors Maintaining Active Roles Together)® ...
Bentley David J - - 2012
This study examined the acute effects of a single dose of an antioxidant (AO; Lactaway(®)containing pycnogenol) on time to fatigue (TTF). Nine trained cyclists [mean ± SD age 35 ± 10 yrs; body mass 71.6 ± 10.2 kg; VO(2)peak 63 ± 11 ml/kg/min] performed on two separate occasions a continuous ...
Kay Anthony D - - 2012
The benefits of preexercise muscle stretching have been recently questioned after reports of significant poststretch reductions in force and power production. However, methodological issues and equivocal findings have prevented a clear consensus being reached. As no detailed systematic review exists, the literature describing responses to acute static muscle stretch was ...
Schleicher Molly M - - 2012
The risk of accidental falls and fall-related injuries increases with age. Regular physical exercises can delay the age-related changes affecting postural balance and reduce the risk of falls. Although Tai Chi (TC) has become a popular exercise among the elderly, does regular TC exercise lead to fewer falls and fall-related ...
Martins Edgard - - 2012
The probes allow the pilot to control the aircraft speed was essential to the balance of the flight. Opinions of experts who claim that "the design of the plane would have exercised a not inconsiderable role in the occurrence of a disaster. " These messages revealed a series of important ...
Polyviou Thelma P - - 2012
It has been shown that supplementation with creatine (Cr) and glycerol (Gly), when combined with glucose (Glu) necessary for the enhancement of Cr uptake by skeletal muscle, induces significant improvements in thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses during exercise in the heat. To determine whether Cr/Gly-induced thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses are maintained ...
Brody Lori Thein - - 2011
The prescription of an effective therapeutic exercise program requires the right dosage of the right exercise, at the right time for that patient. The therapist must understand and apply training principles effectively in the presence of pathology, injury, or otherwise unhealthy tissue. The intervention goal is to close the gap ...
Küpper T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: International guidelines recommend short- (SABA) or long-acting b-agonists for the prevention of bronchoconstriction after exercise (EIB) in patients with exercise-induced asthma (EIA). However, other drugs are still in discussion for the prevention of EIB. We investigated the efficacy of a combination of inhaled sodium cromoglycate and the β-mimetic drug ...
Giles Luisa V - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of short-term normoxic and hypoxic exercise on plasma endothelin-1 and nitric oxide levels, and the relationship of arterial compliance and pulmonary artery pressure to endothelin-1. Seven endurance-trained males completed two incremental and two steady-state exercise tests performed at ventilatory ...
Yerokhin Vadim - - 2011
ABSTRACT Research demonstrates a positive effect of aerobic exercise on cognitive functioning in older adults. Unfortunately, aerobic exercise is often contraindicated for older adults due to cardiovascular and functional limitations. Low-intensity strengthening exercise may offer a practical alternative, but the neuropsychological benefits and potential neurophysiological mechanisms are less well understood. ...
Moreira Sérgio R - - 2011
This study compared the effects of resistance exercise (RE) intensities on blood glucose (GLUC) of individuals without (ND) and with type-2 diabetes (T2D). Nine individuals with T2D and ten ND performed: 1) RE-circuit at 23% of one repetition maximum (1RM) (RE_L); 2) RE-circuit at 43%1RM (RE_M); and 3) control session ...
Meyer Philippe - - 2012
There are little data on the optimization of high-intensity aerobic interval exercise (HIIE) protocols in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Therefore, we compared acute cardiopulmonary responses to 4 different HIIE protocols to identify the optimal one. Twenty men with stable systolic CHF performed 4 different randomly ordered single HIIE ...
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