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So Cynthia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe expectations of, and perceived motivators and barriers to, in-hospital exercise of hospitalized older adults. DESIGN: Qualitative study using the framework theory. SETTING: Public hospital general medical wards. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight English- or Spanish-speaking inpatients aged 65 to 103. MEASUREMENTS: Semistructured interviews were conducted at the bedside. Questions explored ...
Lépy M-C - - 2012
The second part of an intercomparison of the coincidence summing correction methods is presented. This exercise concerned three volume sources, filled with liquid radioactive solution. The same experimental spectra, decay scheme and photon emission intensities were used by all the participants. The results were expressed as coincidence summing corrective factors ...
McGregor A H AH Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, London, UK. - - 2012
This study evaluated an evidence-based education booklet developed for patients undergoing spinal surgery which was used as a treatment intervention in a multi-centre, factorial, randomised controlled trial (FASTER: Function after spinal treatment, exercise and rehabilitation) investigating the post-operative management of spinal surgery patients. This study sought to determine the acceptability ...
Siegel Rodney - - 2012
Exercising in hot environments results in a rise in core body temperature; an effect associated with impaired performance over a variety of exercise modes and durations. Precooling has become a popular strategy to combat this impairment, as evidence has shown it to be an effective method for lowering pre-exercise core ...
Feldman-Stewart Deb - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine if particular values clarification exercises included in a patient decision aid had discernible impact on postdecisional regret in patients with early-stage prostate cancer. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial compared 2 versions of a computerized patient decision aid: only structured information compared to the structured information plus ...
Rundell Kenneth William - - 2012
Unfavourable effects on the respiratory and the cardiovascular systems from short-term and long-term inhalation of air pollution are well documented. Exposure to freshly generated mixed combustion emissions such as those observed in proximity to roadways with high volumes of traffic and those from ice-resurfacing equipment are of particular concern. This ...
da Cunha Maira J - - 2012
The influence of physical exercise on the effects elicited by homocysteine on glutamate uptake and some parameters of oxidative stress, namely thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (H(2)DCF) oxidation, as well as enzymatic antioxidant activities, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat cerebral cortex were investigated. Wistar rats received subcutaneous administration ...
Díaz-Castro Javier - - 2012
Strenuous exercise induces muscle damage due to a highly increased generation of free radicals and inflammatory response and therefore, in this type of exercise, it is important to reduce both oxidative stress and inflammation, at least their negative aspects. The purpose of this study was investigate, for the first time, ...
Jia Binbin - - 2012
Hypercholesterolemia is one of the cardiovascular risk factors sensitive to preventive and control interventions. Here we created a hypercholesterolemia model to investigate the effect of the long term aerobic exercise (swimming) on the hemorheology of rats fed with high-fat diet. We found that the rats fed with high-fat diet developed ...
Stolee Paul - - 2012
Objective: Exercise programs have been found to have substantial benefits for older persons, but implementing these programs with frail homebound seniors is challenging. The project team aimed to evaluate an in-home exercise program for older adults - the Victorian Order of Nurses' for Canada's SMART (Seniors Maintaining Active Roles Together)® ...
Bentley David J - - 2012
This study examined the acute effects of a single dose of an antioxidant (AO; Lactaway(®)containing pycnogenol) on time to fatigue (TTF). Nine trained cyclists [mean ± SD age 35 ± 10 yrs; body mass 71.6 ± 10.2 kg; VO(2)peak 63 ± 11 ml/kg/min] performed on two separate occasions a continuous ...
Kay Anthony D - - 2012
The benefits of preexercise muscle stretching have been recently questioned after reports of significant poststretch reductions in force and power production. However, methodological issues and equivocal findings have prevented a clear consensus being reached. As no detailed systematic review exists, the literature describing responses to acute static muscle stretch was ...
Schleicher Molly M - - 2012
The risk of accidental falls and fall-related injuries increases with age. Regular physical exercises can delay the age-related changes affecting postural balance and reduce the risk of falls. Although Tai Chi (TC) has become a popular exercise among the elderly, does regular TC exercise lead to fewer falls and fall-related ...
Martins Edgard - - 2012
The probes allow the pilot to control the aircraft speed was essential to the balance of the flight. Opinions of experts who claim that "the design of the plane would have exercised a not inconsiderable role in the occurrence of a disaster. " These messages revealed a series of important ...
Polyviou Thelma P - - 2012
It has been shown that supplementation with creatine (Cr) and glycerol (Gly), when combined with glucose (Glu) necessary for the enhancement of Cr uptake by skeletal muscle, induces significant improvements in thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses during exercise in the heat. To determine whether Cr/Gly-induced thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses are maintained ...
Brody Lori Thein - - 2011
The prescription of an effective therapeutic exercise program requires the right dosage of the right exercise, at the right time for that patient. The therapist must understand and apply training principles effectively in the presence of pathology, injury, or otherwise unhealthy tissue. The intervention goal is to close the gap ...
Küpper T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: International guidelines recommend short- (SABA) or long-acting b-agonists for the prevention of bronchoconstriction after exercise (EIB) in patients with exercise-induced asthma (EIA). However, other drugs are still in discussion for the prevention of EIB. We investigated the efficacy of a combination of inhaled sodium cromoglycate and the β-mimetic drug ...
Giles Luisa V - - 2011
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of short-term normoxic and hypoxic exercise on plasma endothelin-1 and nitric oxide levels, and the relationship of arterial compliance and pulmonary artery pressure to endothelin-1. Seven endurance-trained males completed two incremental and two steady-state exercise tests performed at ventilatory ...
Yerokhin Vadim - - 2011
ABSTRACT Research demonstrates a positive effect of aerobic exercise on cognitive functioning in older adults. Unfortunately, aerobic exercise is often contraindicated for older adults due to cardiovascular and functional limitations. Low-intensity strengthening exercise may offer a practical alternative, but the neuropsychological benefits and potential neurophysiological mechanisms are less well understood. ...
Moreira Sérgio R - - 2011
This study compared the effects of resistance exercise (RE) intensities on blood glucose (GLUC) of individuals without (ND) and with type-2 diabetes (T2D). Nine individuals with T2D and ten ND performed: 1) RE-circuit at 23% of one repetition maximum (1RM) (RE_L); 2) RE-circuit at 43%1RM (RE_M); and 3) control session ...
Meyer Philippe - - 2012
There are little data on the optimization of high-intensity aerobic interval exercise (HIIE) protocols in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Therefore, we compared acute cardiopulmonary responses to 4 different HIIE protocols to identify the optimal one. Twenty men with stable systolic CHF performed 4 different randomly ordered single HIIE ...
Hancock Nicola J - - 2011
This review systematically synthesized current evidence on the effects of lower limb reciprocal pedalling exercise on motor function poststroke. Detailed analysis of single studies in the review revealed multiple instances of heterogeneity including outcome measures; therefore we decided to avoid undertaking a single, potentially misleading meta-analysis. We found that despite ...
Knöchel Christian - - 2011
The current review outlines the under-appreciated effects of physical exercise on the course of psychiatric disorders, focussing on recent findings from animal and human research. Several studies have shown that regular physical exercise is significantly beneficial for psychiatric patients both on a biological and a psychological level. Positive effects of ...
David Fabian J - - 2012
This paper reviews the therapeutically beneficial effects of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) on Parkinson's disease (PD). First, this paper discusses the rationale for PRE in PD. Within the first section, the review discusses the central mechanisms that underlie bradykinesia and muscle weakness, highlights findings related to the central changes that ...
Burden Richard J - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of ionised and non-ionised compression tights on sprint and endurance cycling performance. Using a randomised, blind, crossover design, 10 well-trained male athletes (age: 34.6 ± 6.8 years; height: 1.80 ± 0.05 m; body mass: 82.2 ± 10.4 kg; VO2max: 50.86 ...
Daniels Willie M U - - 2011
Many studies have reported on the detrimental effects of early life adversity and the beneficial effects of exercise on brain function. However, the molecular mechanisms that underpin these various effects remain poorly understood. The advent of advanced proteomic analysis techniques has enabled simultaneous measurement of protein expression in a wide ...
Froehlich-Grobe Katherine K The University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas Regional Campus, Dallas, TX 78390, United States. - - 2012
There is growing interest in promoting health for people with disabilities, yet evidence regarding community-based interventions is sparse. This paper describes the design details of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that will test the effectiveness of a multi-component behaviorally based, intervention to promote exercise adoption (over 6 months) and maintenance ...
Oh Hwajung - - 2011
Workplace snacking can contribute to obesity. Exercise reduces chocolate cravings but effects on chocolate consumption are unknown. This study investigated the effect of brief exercise on ad libitum consumption during breaks in a computerised task. Seventy-eight regular chocolate eaters, age: 24.90±8.15years, BMI: 23.56±3.78kg/m(2) abstained for 2days. They were randomly assigned ...
Lin Tzu-Wei - - 2011
Different exercise paradigms show differential effects on various forms of memory. We hypothesize that the differential effects of exercises on memory performance are caused by different neuroplasticity changes in relevant brain regions in response to different exercise trainings. We examined the effects of treadmill running (TR) and wheel running (WR) ...
McMillan Elliott M - - 2011
The use of exercise interventions to manage cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a rapidly developing field of study. However, results are inconsistent and difficult to interpret across the literature, making it difficult to draw accurate conclusions regarding the true effectiveness of exercise interventions for CRF management. The aims of this study ...
Craft Lynette L LL Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N. Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2012
Depression is a distressing side effect of cancer and its treatment. In the general population, exercise is an effective antidepressant. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the antidepressant effect of exercise in cancer survivors. In May 2011, we searched MEDLINE, PsycInfo, EMBASE, CINAHL, CDSR, CENTRAL, AMED, Biosis ...
Fryer John D JD Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2011
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by expansion of a translated CAG repeat in Ataxin-1 (ATXN1). To determine the long-term effects of exercise, we implemented a mild exercise regimen in a mouse model of SCA1 and found a considerable improvement in survival accompanied by up-regulation ...
Alonso-Frech Fernando F Sección de Neurología, Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada, Madrid, Spain. - - 2011
Experimental research has produced evidence in recent years underlying the beneficial effects that exercise can have in preventing and deceleration of the development of Parkinson disease. These beneficial effects are exerted through various mechanisms such as neuroprotection, neurotransmission, plasticity, neurogenesis, homeostasis, and neurotrophic factors. Studies on clinical application at an ...
Spaccarotella Kim J - - 2011
Spaccarotella, KJ and Andzel, WD. Building a beverage for recovery from endurance activity: A review. J Strength Cond Res 25(11): 3198-3204, 2011-Recovery beverages are commonly used by endurance and team-sport athletes during the time between exercise sessions. Practical recommendations on the optimal nutrient composition of these drinks and timing of ...
Stepto Nigel K - - 2011
This study investigated the effects of high-dose large neutral amino acid (LNAA) supplementation on attenuating fatigue-induced decrements in exercise and motor skill performance in Australian Rules Football (ARF) players. Fifteen subelite ARF players participated in 3 testing sessions separated by 7 days. Players completed an initial control trial involving a reactive ...
Malatesta Manuela - - 2011
Abstract Aging is associated with a progressive loss of muscle mass, strength, and function, a condition known as sarcopenia, which represents an important risk factor for physical disability in elderly. The mechanisms leading to sarcopenia are still largely unknown, and no specific therapy is presently available to counteract its onset ...
Snel Marieke - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short- and long-term effects of addition of exercise to a very low calorie diet (VLCD) on low-grade inflammation in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Twenty seven obese, insulin-dependent T2DM patients followed a 4-month VLCD with (n=13) or without (n=14) exercise and were ...
Eyre Harris - - 2011
The search for an extended understanding of the causes of depression, and for the development of additional effective treatments is highly significant. Clinical and pre-clinical studies suggest stress is a key mediator in the pathophysiology of depression. Exercise is a readily available therapeutic option, effective as a first-line treatment in ...
MacRae Braid A - - 2011
Compression garments (CGs) provide a means of applying mechanical pressure at the body surface, thereby compressing and perhaps stabilizing/supporting underlying tissue. The body segments compressed and applied pressures ostensibly reflect the purpose of the garment, which is to mitigate exercise-induced discomfort or aid aspects of current or subsequent exercise performance. ...
Freimuth Marilyn - - 2011
This paper sets out to clarify the unique features of exercise addiction. It begins by examining how this addiction can be distinguished from compulsions and impulse control disorders both of which, like an addiction, involve excessive behavior that creates adverse effects. Assessment of exercise addiction also requires that clinicians be ...
Babatunde O O - - 2011
A snapshot of current evidence from 6 randomised controlled trials for the effects of short bouts of high-impact exercises in 256 women via meta-analysis reveals that ample osteogenic response could be realised at the femoral neck and trochanter of premenopausal women with rest-inserted bouts of few mechanical bone loading cycles. ...
Straznicky Nora E - - 2011
Aims: Insulin resistance and visceral adiposity are predisposing factors for fatty liver disease. The main objectives of this study were 1) to compare the effects of caloric restriction alone (CR) or together with moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (CR+EX) on liver enzymes, a surrogate marker of liver injury, in obese metabolic ...
Magkos Faidon - - 2012
An increase in intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content is the hallmark of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and is strongly associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Although regular aerobic exercise improves metabolic function, its role in regulating fat accumulation in the liver is incompletely understood, and human data are scarce. Results ...
Brudvig Tracy J - - 2011
Systematic review with meta-analysis. To pool and summarize the published research evidence examining if the combination of therapeutic exercise and joint mobilization is more beneficial than therapeutic exercise alone in patients with shoulder dysfunction. Therapeutic exercise is an effective intervention for patients with shoulder dysfunction, which is often supplemented by ...
Lawler Patrick R - - 2011
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) remains an underused tool for secondary prevention post-myocardial infarction (MI). In part, this arises from uncertainty regarding the efficacy of CR, particularly with respect to reinfarction, where previous studies have failed to show consistent benefit. We therefore undertook a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to ...
O'Gorman Donal J - - 2011
Lifestyle intervention programs encompassing exercise and healthy diets are an option for the treatment and management of obesity and type 2 diabetes and have long been known to exert beneficial effects on wholebody metabolism, in particular leading to enhanced insulin-sensitivity. Obesity is associated with increased risk of several illnesses and ...
Vandenbogaerde Tom J - - 2011
Research on the performance effects of acute carbohydrate supplementation is comprehensive. Here we present the first meta-analytic review of this research. Eighty-eight randomized crossover studies in which carbohydrate supplements were consumed with or without protein before and/or during exercise provided 155 estimates for performance effects in time-to-exhaustion tests or in ...
Dwyer Tiffany J - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Consensus statements about the care of people with cystic fibrosis (CF) recommend exercise as part of a wider management strategy. Many of these recommendations are based on high-quality evidence that regular exercise improves some important clinical outcomes, such as lung function and quality of life. However, the ...
Charoenphandhu Narattaphol - - 2011
Endurance swimming is known to increase duodenal calcium absorption in normal rats and bone strength in estrogen-deficient rats. Because the stress resulting from forced training often attenuates the stimulatory effect of exercise, swimming in an inescapable chamber should reveal both the positive effect of the exercise and the negative effect ...
Gleeson Michael - - 2011
Regular exercise reduces the risk of chronic metabolic and cardiorespiratory diseases, in part because exercise exerts anti-inflammatory effects. However, these effects are also likely to be responsible for the suppressed immunity that makes elite athletes more susceptible to infections. The anti-inflammatory effects of regular exercise may be mediated via both ...
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