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Khan Muhammad M Department of Physiotherapy, Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of isometric exercises as compared to general exercises in chronic non-specific neck pain. For this randomised controlled trial total 68 patients (34 each group) with chronic non-specific neck pain were recruited from Alain Poly Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Dow University of Health ...
Chang Wen-Dien WD Department of Sports Medicine, China Medical University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The muscle strength of the quadriceps muscle is critical in patellofemoral pain syndrome. The quadriceps muscle supplies the power for dynamic patellar movement, and the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) enable the patella to stabilize during tracking. We followed the theories about open and closed kinetic ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] We investigated the effects of individual strengthening exercises for subdivisions of the gluteus medius in a patient with sacroiliac joint pain. [Subject] A 32 year-old female who complained of pain in the posterior area of the left iliac crest and sacroiliac joints over a period of 6 months was the ...
Yu Jaeho J Department of Physical Therapy, Sun Moon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify changes in muscle activation by comparing muscle activities of the affected side (AS) and non-affected side (NAS) during eccentric and concentric exercises in runners with unilateral Achilles tendinopathy. [Subjects] The study included 18 participants consisting of men and women with chronic Achilles tendinopathy in ...
Elsaesser S S AR Butler, Purdie Building, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9ST, UK. Email - - 2014
Scoliosis is the abnormal lateral curvature and rotation of the spine. In the past this deformity has been linked with moral depravity, as in the case of Richard III. Treatment for scoliosis began with Hippocrates's use of boards and axial distortion. Today, bracing and surgery are used either to correct ...
Joseph Corey W CW a Clinical Research Centre for Movement Disorders and Gait, Southern Health Centre , Cheltenham , VIC , - - 2014
Eccentric contractions that provide spring energy can also cause muscle damage. The aim of this study was to explore leg and vertical stiffness following muscle damage induced by an eccentric exercise protocol. Twenty active males completed 60 minutes of backward-walking on a treadmill at 0.67 m/s and a gradient of - 8.5° ...
Beitzel Knut K Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Straße 22, 81675, Munich, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to develop a preventive exercise protocol based on structural and functional changes present in shoulder joints of young throwing athletes. As a proof of concept, these changes were previously evaluated in a cross-section of high-performance junior javelin throwers. Thirteen members of the German and ...
Cotter Joshua A JA 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA; 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA; 3Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Long Beach, CA; 4Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
To examine the effect of a high-intensity concurrent training program utilizing a single gravity-independent device on maintaining skeletal muscle function and aerobic capacity during short-term unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS). Nineteen subjects (10 male; 9 female; 21.0 ± 2.5 yr, 65.4 ± 12.2 kg) were separated into 2 groups: 1) ...
Mat Sumaiyah S Department of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
osteoarthritis (OA) of knee has been reported as a risk factor for falls and reduced balance in the elderly. This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of physical therapies in improving balance and reducing falls risk among patients with knee OA. a computerised search was performed to identify relevant studies up ...
Sil Soumitri S Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders - - 2014
Objective: Juvenile Fibromyalgia (JFM) is characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain and marked reduction in physical activity. Despite recommendations for exercise to manage JFM pain, exercise adherence is poor. Due to pain and activity avoidance, adolescents with JFM are at risk for altered joint mechanics that may make them susceptible to ...
Lewis Clare C Professor, Sacramento State University, Physical Therapy Department, Sacramento State University, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine if the use of Active Therapeutic Movement Version 2 (ATM2) device and home exercises using the Mulligan's mobilization-with-movement concept by subjects with scoliosis would result in postural improvement and to document any changes in trunk range of motion and quality of ...
Chang Ke-Vin KV Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital-Bei-Hu Branch, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
Postoperative shoulder stiffness complicates functional recovery after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. To compare early passive range of motion (ROM) exercise with a delayed rehabilitation protocol with regard to the effectiveness of stiffness reduction and functional improvements and rates of improper healing in patients undergoing arthroscopic repair for torn rotator cuffs. ...
Knoop J J Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Centre, Reade, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although exercise therapy is effective for reducing pain and activity limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate if improvements in neuromuscular factors (i.e. upper leg muscle strength and knee proprioception) underlie the beneficial effects of exercise therapy in patients with ...
Rayegani Seyed Mansoor SM Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital , Tehran, - - 2014
We designed a randomized clinical trial with control group, to investigate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on pain, stiffness, function and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Patients were randomly divided in two groups. For both groups of participants, therapeutic exercise was prescribed. In the PRP ...
Kim Myung-Chul MC Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Eulji University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine range of motion (ROM) and the muscle activity of stroke patients during obstacle task on the ground and underwater. [Subjects] The subjects of this study were seven stroke patients in a hospital located in Daejeon, South Korea. [Methods] The measurements in ...
Park Yongnam Y Department of Physical Therapy, Daewon College, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to verify the change in range of motion of the temporomandibular joint on correction of scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] This study examined 31 male and female participants in their 20s and 30s with a spinal curve degree of 10° or greater. The subjects performed therapeutic exercise ...
Kim Jun-Seok JS Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study compared the effects of three exercises performed in a prone position on the selective activation of the lumbar erector spinae (LES) and lumbar multifidus (LM) muscles in healthy males to investigate the effective method for selective activation of the LM. [Subjects] Twenty-two healthy males were recruited. Surface ...
Son Sung Min SM Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance exercise training for strengthening muscles across multiple joints on the dynamic balance function of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects in the training group (n=14) and the control group (n=14) received conservative physical therapy for 30 minutes ...
Lee Jin-Su JS Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Dongshin University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated effects of sling exercise for patients with chronic low back pain. [Methods] We reviewed all relevant papers indexed in PubMed, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane Registered Trials. Eligible trials were randomized controlled trials that compared sling exercise with any type of treatment. We extracted data on muscle ...
Tsuji Taishi T Gerontology Research Center, University of Jyväskylä, Finland; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole-body vibration training using vertical-vibration machines is called "acceleration training" (AT). The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of AT on lower-limb muscular strength and power, functional mobility and self-reported knee function in middle-aged and older Japanese women with knee pain. Thirty-eight middle-aged and older Japanese women ...
Eom Soyong S Epilepsy Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The purposes of the current study were to test the feasibility of exercise therapy for children with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) and to collect pilot data about the impact of exercise therapy on neurocognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. Ten children with BECTS (9.7±1.42years) participated in a therapeutic exercise ...
Bruggi Marco - - 2014
Curve evolution in idiopathic scoliosis frequently occurs in lumbar and thoracic-lumbar spine. The spinal and iliopsoas muscles play a major role in maintaining the static and dynamic stability of the spine. To monitor by video recording, the degree to which asymmetric isometric contractions of the iliopsoas muscle improve the lumbar ...
Santos-Alves E E CIAFEL - Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, - - 2014
Several strategies have been developed to counteract liver injury as a consequence of NSAIDs toxicity. Here we aimed to determine whether physical exercise results in liver mitochondrial protection against in vitro diclofenac toxicity. Male-adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sedentary (SED), 12-wks endurance-training (ET) and voluntary activity (VPA). In vitro ...
Peteiro Jesús J Laboratorio de Ecocardiografia de Estrés, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Left ventricular torsion decreases during transmural myocardial ischemia, but the effect of exercise on left ventricular torsion has not been widely studied. We hypothesized that exercise-induced ischemia may impair left ventricular torsion. Therefore, our aim was to study the effects of exercise on left ventricular torsion in patients with an ...
Fusco Claudia C ISICO (Italian Scientific Spine Institute), Milan, - - 2014
The main distinctive aspect of Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis (JIS) with respect to Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is the high risk of severe deformity and surgery. Approximately 70% of curves in patients with JIS progress and ultimately require surgery. There are presently very few studies with long-term follow-up of JIS and ...
Wang Wei-Te WT Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Changhua Christian Hospital, No. 135 Nan-Hsiao Street, Changhua 500, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the relationship among walking speed, exercise capacity, and leg strength in community dwelling stroke subjects and to evaluate which one was the leading determinant factor of them. Design. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Thirty-five chronic stroke patients who were able to walk independently in their community ...
Kim Jungyoon J Department of Biomedical Engineering and Institute for Convergence Study of Bio-Medical Wellness, Yonsei University (Wonju Campus), Maeji-ri, Heungeop-myeon, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, 220-710 Republic of - - 2014
In this study, the bandwidth of the filter-based fatigue index was determined by the comparison of optimized cut-off frequencies in different inter-electrode distances. Sixty-one subjects participated in isometric knee extension, isotonic ankle dorsiflexion, and isotonic elbow extension exercises. Electromyography (EMG) signals were obtained from right rectus femoris, triceps brachii, and ...
Karimzadehfini Atiye A Department of Sports, Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, - - 2014
This investigation compared the effects of exercise rehabilitation and bracing on muscle flexibility and strength as well as knee proprioception and pain in female sufferers of lateral displacement of patella (LDP). Twenty-two females with unilateral LDP were randomly divided into two groups to receive exercises (n = 12) or patellar ...
Fouré Alexandre A Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, CRMBM UMR CNRS 7339, Marseille, - - 2014
Isometric contractions induced by neuromuscular electrostimulation (NMES) have been shown to result in a prolonged force decrease but the time course of the potential central and peripheral factors have never been investigated. This study examined the specific time course of central and peripheral factors after isometric NMES-induced muscle damage. Twenty-five ...
Chwała Wiesław W Section of Biomechanics of the University School of Physical Education in Kraków, Al. Jana Pawła II 78, 31-571 Kraków, - - 2014
Background. The question of how to correct and rehabilitate scoliosis remains one of the most difficult problems of orthopaedics. Controversies continue to arise regarding various types of both symmetric and asymmetric scoliosis-specific therapeutic exercises. Objective. The aim of the present paper was to conduct an electromyographic assessment of functional symmetry ...
Greig Matt M a Department of Sport & Physical Activity , Edge Hill University , Ormskirk , Lancashire , - - 2014
To quantify the influence of soccer-specific fatigue on reactive dynamic balance, ten male professional soccer players (age 24.7 ± 4.4 yr, body mass 77.1 ± 8.3 kg, VO2max 63.0 ± 4.8 ml·kg·min(-1)) completed an exercise protocol replicating the activity profile of match-play. Pre-exercise, and at 15 min intervals, players completed ...
Szpala Agnieszka A Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, - - 2014
The objective of the research was to assess the effect of a 4-week-long training program on selected parameters: electromechanical delay (EMD) and amplitude of electromyographic signal (EMG). Fourteen female students of the University School of Physical Education participated in the study. Torques and surface electromyography were evaluated under static conditions. ...
Kesemenli Cumhur C CC Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine Kocaeli, - - 2014
A new isometric contraction quadriceps-strengthening exercise was developed to restore the quadriceps strength lost after knee surgery more rapidly. This study evaluated the results of this new method. Patients were taught to perform the isometric quadriceps-strengthening exercise in the unaffected knee in the supine position, and then they performed it ...
Fiuza-Luces Carmen - - 2013
The concept of a "polypill" is receiving growing attention to prevent cardiovascular disease. Yet similar if not overall higher benefits are achievable with regular exercise, a drug-free intervention for which our genome has been haped over evolution. Compared with drugs, exercise is available at low cost and relatively free of ...
Karachristianou Styliani - - 2013
Hypohidrosis is an uncommon and reversible side effect of topiramate treatment, reported mainly in children. This report presents an adult patient with complex partial seizures who was treated with topiramate and developed hypohidrosis coupled with hyperthermia, related to high environmental temperature and physical exercise. Reduced sweat response was confirmed using ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2013
The impact of exercise on mental health, on cognition, brain function and brain structure as well as the possible underlying molecular systems important for maintaining neural function and plasticity has been extensively examined. Moreover, numerous studies have reinforced t the important and beneficial role of exercise for those with neurological ...
Motta L - - 2013
A 12-month-old female neutered crossbreed was referred for investigation of seizure-like episodes occurring only at intense exercise. Thorough medical, neurological and cardiac investigations were performed and excluded the most commonly known causes of seizure-like activity. The dog was fitted with an ambulatory electrocardiography device and underwent another exercise-induced seizure. The ...
Kerson Toba Schwaber - - 2012
Philosopher Hannah Arendt maintains that everyone has the right to appear in public as an embodied, singular individual. Because of the stigma attached to epilepsy, many with this condition are denied this right. Using grounded theory techniques, the author analyzes uploads of epilepsy on YouTube. The author argues that personal ...
Peixinho-Pena Luiz Fernando - - 2012
The beneficial effects of physical exercise on epilepsy, such as a decreased seizure frequency, have been observed following aerobic exercise programs in both clinical and experimental studies. However, it is not well clarified whether other types of exercise, including strength exercise, can provide similar benefits for epilepsy. Forty four animals ...
Arida Ricardo Mario - - 2012
Complementary therapies for preventing or treating epilepsy have been extensively used. This review focuses on the positive effects of physical exercise programs observed in clinical studies and experimental models of epilepsy and their significance as a complementary therapy for epilepsy. Information about the antiepileptogenic and neuroprotective effects of exercise is ...
Hellsten Ylva - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: This study examined vascular function and the adenosine system in skeletal muscle of patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (n = 10) and of normotensive (n = 11) patients, before and after aerobic training. METHODS:: Before and after 8 weeks of aerobic training, the patients completed experiments in which leg blood flow was determined ...
Leung Regina Wai Man - - 2012
The aims of the study were to determine the effect of short-form Sun-style Tai Chi (SSTC) (Part A) and investigate exercise intensity of SSTC (Part B) in people with COPD.Part A: After confirmation of eligibility, participants were randomly allocated to either the Tai Chi Group (TCG) or Control Group (CG) ...
Brunner J - - 2012
Summary This study aims at the comparison of the actual feeding of horses with the recommendations from the literature, and it studies the effects of feeding and exercise on several blood metabolic parameters before and after exercise. Blood samples were collected from 25 horses during one-star eventing competitions and evaluated ...
Jørgensen Tanja K - - 2012
The primary objective of this study was to quantify the frequency of advice given on type, frequency, duration, and intensity of exercise during physical activity (PA) promoting sessions by general practitioners. Second, to find GP characteristics associated with high quality of PA counselling. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. General practitioners in ...
Dasgupta Shuvra - - 2012
This report of an aircraft crash at a major airport in Kingston, Jamaica examines the response of the local Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Factors that impacted the response are discussed, and the need for more disaster simulation exercises is highlighted. The objective of this case report was to document the ...
Santa Mina D - - 2012
A large and convincing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of exercise for cancer survivors during and after treatment. Based on that literature, more cancer survivors should be offered exercise support and programming. Unfortunately, exercise programs remain an exception rather than the norm in cancer care. Not surprisingly, common barriers ...
Moalla Wassim - - 2012
We investigated the effect of training on peripheral muscular performance and oxygenation during exercise and recovery in children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Eighteen patients with CHD aged 12 to 15 years were randomly assigned into either an individualized 12-week aerobic cycling training group (TG) or a control group (CG). Maximal ...
Bobby Zachariah - - 2012
The graduate medical students often get less opportunity for clarifying their doubts and to reinforce their concepts after lecture classes. Assessment of the effect of MCQ preparation by graduate medical students as a revision exercise on the topic "Mineral metabolism." At the end of regular teaching module on the topic ...
Lee Seung-Pyo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) and decreased exercise capacity are common in chronic mitral regurgitation patients, the relationship between rhythm status and exercise capacity after corrective surgery is largely unknown. METHODS: Seventy-one patients undergoing repair or replacement of mitral valve for chronic severe mitral regurgitation were examined with preoperative and ...
Campbell Anna - - 2012
Abstract This statement provides a concise overview of the evidence on the benefits of staying active after a cancer diagnosis and the current guidelines for exercise prescription with this population.
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