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Results 551 - 600 of 856
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Coleman K J - - 2000
An objective measure for the assessment of exercise and sedentary activity choices was evaluated for reliability in 38 sedentary women, aged 18-45, in El Paso, TX. Twenty-two Hispanic women and 16 Anglo women participated. An equal number of obese and nonobese women comprised each group of participants. Using five computer-generated ...
Hammer R L - - 2000
Many women wish to continue to pursue an active lifestyle during pregnancy, while the pregnancy itself may provide the motivation for other more sedentary women to begin an exercise program for the sake of improved health/fitness. Also, female competitive athletes, upon becoming pregnant, may wish to continue sports performance and ...
Palinkas L A - - 2000
Seasonal variation in mood and behavior was examined in 87 American men and women who spent the 1991 austral winter at three different research stations in Antarctica. The South Pole station (90 degrees S) crew reported a significant decline in tension/anxiety, depression, anger, confusion, and fatigue from March to August, ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of advising healthy pregnant women to engage in regular (at least two to three times per week) aerobic exercise ...
Heenan A P - - 2000
Stewart's physicochemical approach was used to study the effects of pregnancy on acid-base regulation in arterialized blood. Responses of 15 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.1 +/- 0.2 wk) were compared with those of 15 nonpregnant controls (CG) at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ...
Zvolensky M J - - 1999
Control over the offset of repeated administrations of 20% carbon-dioxide-enriched air was assessed in nonclinical participants (n = 30) reporting elevated levels of anxiety sensitivity--a population at an increased risk for experiencing panic attacks and possibly developing panic disorder. In Phase I, participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Wolfe L A - - 1999
This study examined the interactive effects of pregnancy and aerobic conditioning on maternal cardiac structure and function. Effects of closely monitored cycle ergometer conditioning were studied during the second (TM2) and third trimesters (TM3) in 22 previously sedentary pregnant women (exercised group, EG) and a nonexercising pregnant control group with ...
Schwartz A L - - 1999
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a common side effect of cancer treatment that impacts quality of life. Exercise is one approach suggested to improve fatigue. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of exercise to fatigue and quality of life. METHODS: Thirty-one subjects with breast cancer were enrolled prior ...
Rafla N M - - 1999
Eighteen pregnant women affected with fetal growth retardation in the last trimester were exercised. The mean maternal heart rate increased significantly from 140 beats per minute (bpm) (120-188 bpm) at rest to 172 bpm (163- 178 bpm) after exercise. The mean exercise intensity was 65% (56-85%) of submaximal exercise. Maternal ...
Oda S - - 1999
In this study we investigated the effects of underwater exercise in warm water (34 degrees C) on physiological and psychological relaxation. Eight healthy young men (aged 20-26 years) volunteered for the experiment. The experiment consisted of the following three successive segments: a pre-exercise period of 20 min, during which the ...
Avery N D - - 1999
Cardiovascular responses to strength conditioning exercises were examined in 12 healthy pregnant women and their unborn fetuses during the third trimester. A group of 12 healthy nonpregnant women of similar ages, parity, body height, and pre-pregnant body mass was also studied. Maternal heart rate and blood pressure and fetal heart ...
Artal R - - 1999
Regular, moderate exercise does not significantly affect length of gestation or birth weight, and it may ease pregnancy and labor. Active pregnant women should maintain adequate hydration and nutrition, avoid hyperthermia, and take precautions if obstetric or medical complications are present. Supine exercise, contact sports, high-altitude exertion, and scuba diving ...
Totterdell P - - 1999
A field study investigated the ongoing use and effectiveness of self-regulation strategies for improving mood and the effects of a mood-regulation intervention. Thirty trainee teachers used pocket computers to complete ratings of their mood and their use of mood-regulation strategies every 2 hr during 2 weeks of a school placement. ...
Rafla N M - - 1999
The effect of acute exercise on pregnant women in the last trimester of pregnancy and the changes in fetal umbilical artery flow velocity waveforms were studied. One hundred and forty-three healthy pregnant women underwent an acute exercise test. The exercise was performed on an upright bicycle ergometer for 5 minutes, ...
DeVos H M - - 1999
10 female physical education students were given posthypnotic suggestions alluding to economy of effort in exercise. These suggestions were affirmed under self-hypnosis over two weeks. Experimental subjects pedalled on an exercise bicycle for 20 min. at 60% of their maximal work capacity while listening to suggestions from a hypnotist. The ...
Katula J A - - 1999
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of varying exercise intensities and changes in self-efficacy on anxiety reduction in a sample of healthy, older adults. Eighty older adults from a randomized controlled exercise trial participated in this study and completed measures of self-efficacy and the State ...
Brenner I K - - 1999
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of advancing gestational age and maternal aerobic conditioning (stationary cycling) on fetal heart rate (FHR) responses to strenuous non-steady-state maternal exercise. METHODS: Subjects chose to participate in either an exercise group (EG) or control group (CG). Fourteen healthy, previously sedentary pregnant women participated in ...
Tamaki M - - 1999
This study evaluated the effects of the daytime nap on performance, mood and physiological measures in aged individuals Participants were six healthy aged persons (M=72.2 years old) who habitually napped in the afternoon three or more times a week. They participated under two conditions with an interval of 1 week. ...
McTiernan A - - 1999
The experimental study design can yield valuable information in measuring the association between physical activity and occurrence of cancers. Randomized clinical exercise trials can provide insight into the avenues through which physical activity might affect cancer development and can provide experience with diffusing an exercise intervention into certain populations. This ...
Caretti D M - - 1999
The combined effects of respirator wear and low-intensity work on decision making and mood were assessed in eight subjects during 60 min of low-intensity treadmill walking with and without a respirator to determine whether the stresses of respirator wear negatively impact decision making. Subjects completed walks during no mask wear, ...
Johnson B A - - 1999
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is an important screening procedure because of its ability to detect early changes in the distal colon. The 60-cm flexible sigmoidoscope provides excellent visualization with minimal discomfort to patients. Successful sigmoidoscopy requires adequate patient preparation, proper equipment and an experienced examiner who can recognize both normal and abnormal ...
Nishith P - - 1999
We sought to determine: 1) whether a simple hypnotic induction with an alprazolam experience derived suggestion could recreate the subjective effects of alprazolam (Xanax), 2) whether the effects of alprazolam are greater than the effects of hypnosis plus this suggestion, and 3) whether the effects of hypnosis plus this suggestion ...
Hartmann S - - 1999
Controversial findings in numerous studies involving physiological and endocrinological parameters indicate that physical exercise during pregnancy is complex and somewhat poorly understood. But despite this reservation, it is safe to say that on the basis of the current state of scientific research in this area, physical exercise is to be ...
Courneya K S - - 1999
With almost 8 million Americans alive today who have been through the cancer experience, it is important to develop interventions to maintain quality of life (QOL) following cancer diagnosis. Physical exercise is an intervention that may address the broad range of QOL issues following cancer diagnosis including physical, functional, psychological, ...
Shephard R J - - 1998
Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and colonic cancers, and it seems to exert a weaker effect on the risk of breast, lung and reproductive tract tumours. This review examines possible mechanisms behind the observed associations. Restriction of physical activity by pre-existing disease may contribute to ...
Berger B G - - 1998
This study investigated a possible relationship between exercise intensity and mood alteration that commonly is associated with physical activity. 91 college students completed the Profile of Mood States before and after 20 min. of jogging at three intensities: 55%, 75%, and 79% of age-adjusted maximum heart rate on different occasions. ...
Hatch M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether, in a general obstetric population, exercise in pregnancy affects the timeliness of delivery. The hypothesis was that maternal exercise would not raise the risk of preterm birth. METHODS: A community cohort of 557 prenatal patients was followed up until the time of delivery. Data were ...
Steptoe A - - 1998
Thirty-eight men and 35 women completed diaries of exercise, mood, and the experience and appraisal of daily stressors over 12 consecutive days. It was hypothesized that exercise would be associated with positive moods and with the experience of fewer daily stressors. Positive moods were rated higher and depression lower on ...
Breus M J - - 1998
PURPOSE: One purpose was to test the hypothesis that anxiety reductions following exercise are caused by a "time out" from daily cares and worries, and the second purpose was to document the magnitude of the change in state anxiety after exercise in high trait anxious females. METHODS: Anxious women (N ...
Hurst A K - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes due to pregnancy on atenolol's pharmacokinetics, response of maternal heart rate to atenolol, and the drug's effect on fetal heart rate. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Large university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Fourteen pregnant women who were receiving oral atenolol for cardiac disease were enrolled and 10 ...
Streeter C C - - 1998
This study sought to identify whether subjects with a family history (FH + ) of alcoholism had changes in regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) after an alprazolam challenge which distinguished them from subjects without a family history (FH -) of alcoholism using functional MRI (fMRI). Twelve FH + and eight ...
Woods J A - - 1998
Epidemiological evidence has revealed an inverse relationship such that increased physical activity as measured directly subjective recall, job classification, former athletic status, or indirectly by physical fitness is associated with decreased incidence and (or) mortality rates for various cancers. The relationship appears strongest for colon cancer and female estrogen-dependent cancers ...
Wang T W - - 1998
Exercise has become a vital part of many women's lives. However, theoretic concerns have been raised about the safety of some forms of exercise during pregnancy. Because of the physiologic changes associated with pregnancy, as well as the hemodynamic response to exercise, some precautions should be observed. The physician should ...
Schwartz A L - - 1998
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the physical activity patterns of cancer survivors who identify themselves as athletes to assess how much exercise athletic patients with cancer engaged in during treatment; to determine how cancer-related fatigue (CRF) affects athletic patients' ability to exercise, and to determine common problems and patterns associated with CRF ...
Lotgering F K - - 1998
This study was designed to determine whether endurance cycling responses in pregnancy differ from those postpartum. We studied 16 women longitudinally at approximately 32 wk pregnancy and approximately 10 wk postpartum. We measured heart rate (HR), O2 uptake (VO2), CO2 output (VCO2), minute ventilation VE and plasma concentrations of substrates ...
Hayashi M - - 1998
The effects of a 20-min nap before post-lunch dip were studied. The subjects participated in nap and no-nap conditions at intervals of 1 week. Their electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings of relaxed wakefulness, mood, performance, and self-rating of performance level were measured every 20 min from 10.00 to 18.00 h. For nap ...
Bartholomew J B - - 1998
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of resistance exercise on state anxiety. In experiment 1, participants engaged in three 20-min bouts of resistance exercise, with intensity set as a function of perceived exertion. Results indicated that the relationship between resistance exercise and anxiety was moderated by both exercise ...
Smith B L - - 1998
The current study was an expansion of one by Cash, Novy, and Grant in 1994, in which responses of 101 female nursing students were examined for associations between reasons for exercise, frequency of exercise, and body-image satisfaction. In the current study, 78 male and 100 female undergraduates between the ages ...
Clapp J F JF - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to test the hypothesis that continuing regular exercise throughout pregnancy alters morphometric and neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year. STUDY DESIGN: The offspring of 52 women who exercised were compared with those of 52 control subjects who were similar in terms of multiple prenatal and postnatal variables ...
Perna F M - - 1998
The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of a time limited cognitive-behavioral stress management program (CBSM) on mood state and serum cortisol among men and women rowers (N = 34) undergoing a period of heavy exercise training. After controlling for life-event stress (LES), CBSM was hypothesized ...
Rafla N M - - 1998
One hundred and two subjects in the second half of pregnancy were subject to an acute exercise test lasting 5 minutes on an upright bicycle ergometer. The pulsatility index (using Doppler ultrasound) of the right uterine artery was analysed before exercise and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, ...
Segar M L - - 1998
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 10 weeks of aerobic exercise on depressive and anxiety symptoms and self-esteem of breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: Experimental, crossover. SETTING: Midwestern university town. SAMPLE: Twenty-four breast cancer survivors (mean time following surgery 41.8 months; ranging from 1 to 99 months) recruited via mail and ...
Ohtake P J - - 1998
PURPOSE: To study the ventilatory effects of closely monitored cycle ergometer conditioning (HR target, 145-150 beats x min(-1); 25 min/session; three sessions per week) during the second and third pregnancy trimesters (TMs) in healthy human pregnancy. METHODS: Subjects were 27 previously sedentary pregnant women (exercised group, EG). A sedentary control ...
Dye T D - - 1997
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. Women with GDM are at elevated for numerous maternal health complications, and their infants are at elevated risk for death and morbidity. Management of GDM has traditionally been through diet and close monitoring of glucose levels, with initiation ...
Koltyn K F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Mood changes have been reported to occur in many women following pregnancy. It is well documented that exercise is associated with reductions in state anxiety and depression. The purpose of this study was to assess mood changes in the postpartum period in women who exercised compared to women who ...
Petruzzello S J - - 1997
Resting electroencephalograph (EEG) asymmetry is a biological marker of the propensity to respond affectively to, and a measure of change in affect associated with, acute aerobic exercise. This study examined the EEG-affect-exercise relationship. Twenty participants performed each of three randomly assigned 30-min conditions: (a) a nonexercise control, (b) a cycling ...
Steinberg H - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: It has been widely accepted in the literature that various forms of physical exercise, even in a single session, enhance positive mood. It has also been shown that physical exercise may sometimes enhance creative thinking, but the evidence is inconclusive. Positive moods can favour creative thinking, but the opposite ...
Kennedy M M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine how aerobic exercise and exercise intensity affect transient mood states. A two-level (high intensity exercise/low intensity exercise) pretest-post-test design was employed. METHODS: Subjects included 42 healthy male and female volunteers (M age = 39.12; SD = 11.53, range 17-64 years) enrolled ...
Taal L A - - 1997
Forty-six burned adults were seen, on average 7 days after admission to hospital. Eighty per cent suffered from one or more dissociative symptoms during trauma and three or more dissociative phenomena were experienced by 19.5 per cent. Blunting or absence of emotion was the symptom most frequently reported. The number ...
Schnirring L - - 1997
A year ago, The Physician and Sportsmedicine published its first-ever issue devoted entirely to active women's health. But primary care physicians continually need to keep pace with the changing face of female athletics and treatment strategies. Here is an update on some of the topics at the forefront: anterior cruciate ...
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