Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 929
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Kennelly Mairead M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of maternal exercise on fetal heart rate changes to determine prognostic factors for an abnormal trace in labor. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred fifty-eight primiparous women who were 33 to 38 weeks of gestation with varying levels of activity were ...
Kolden Gregory G - - 2002
Evidence is accumulating for physical activity as an effective, well-tolerated, highly rewarding complementary behavioral intervention for enhancing quality of life (QOL) as well as fitness among individuals with chronic and even terminal illnesses. However, relatively few studies have examined the feasibility and potential health benefits of supervised, structured exercise programs ...
Kennelly Mairead M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of strenuous symptom-limited exercise on umbilical and uterine blood flow. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-two primiparous women between 30 and 34 weeks of gestation were recruited. At rest, umbilical and uterine artery waveforms were assessed by measuring the pulsatility index. This ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2002
Exercise can have significant benefits for breast cancer survivors during and after treatment. The general aerobic prescription is for moderate-intensity activity (50% to 75% heart rate reserve), 3 to 5 days per week, 20 to 60 minutes per session. Resistance training should also be incorporated into the programs. Psychological health ...
Jones Lee W - - 2002
PURPOSE: Exercise has emerged as an important quality-of-life intervention for cancer survivors, but exercise motivation is a challenge. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive assessment of the exercise preferences of cancer survivors. DESCRIPTION OF STUDY: A mailed, self-administered survey was completed by 307 survivors of prostate, ...
Smith J Carson - - 2002
PURPOSE: Few experiments have been conducted regarding the effects of exercise on emotional responsiveness. The aim of this experiment was to determine whether anxiety-reducing conditions of low- and moderate-intensity cycling exercise lead to changes in emotional responsiveness to pictures designed to elicit pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant emotions. METHODS: 24 healthy ...
Annesi James J - - 2002
20 previously sedentary women completed three assigned cardiovascular exercise protocols, each of varying lengths (15 to 25 min.) and intensities. No statistically significant difference was found on measures of pre- to postexercise changes in feeling states, or aversion, between protocols. Findings suggest that, contrary to previous research, longer exercise sessions ...
Lane Andrew M - - 2002
26 participants completed a mood measure to assess anger, confusion, depression, fatigue, tension, and vigor immediately before and immediately after two exercise sessions. Analysis showed significant mood enhancement for each exercise session. Follow-up univariate results indicated that Depressed mood scores were reduced significantly and Fatigue scores increased significantly following the ...
Evans Richard C - - 2002
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mucosal expression of terminal unsubstituted galactose is increased in colon cancer and precancer and allows interaction with mitogenic galactose-binding lectins of dietary or microbial origin. This study tests the hypothesis that galactose, which is variably plentiful in fruit and vegetable but not cereal fibers, might prevent cancer ...
Focht B C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The present investigation examined the state anxiety responses to acute bouts of self selected and prescribed intensity resistance exercise (RE). College age women (n=19) currently enrolled in a beginning weight training class were recruited to participate. METHODS: Participants completed 3 randomly assigned, counterbalanced conditions of self-selected intensity RE, prescribed ...
O'Halloran Paul D - - 2002
Changes in mood following exercise are well documented; however, one particular limitation of research examining mood changes associated with exercise is that studies have not controlled for a possible expectancy effect. Given the difficulty associated with utilising a placebo control group in exercise settings and that no current questionnaires are ...
Pierce Edgar F EF - - 2002
Mood states have been shown to be sensitive to periods of overtraining among endurance athletes. To examine the relationship between training volume and specific mood states, the Profile of Mood States was administered biweekly to 12 male and 17 female collegiate swimmers over the course of a competitive season. Pearson ...
Pivarnik James M - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine heart rate (HR)/oxygen consumption (VO2) calibration curves for exercising and sedentary women during pregnancy and the postpartum periods. METHODS: Fifty-two women were studied at three time points: 20 wk gestation, 32 wk gestation, and 12 wk postpartum. Subjects were grouped either ...
Walton Vicki R - - 2002
This study involved a comparison of social physique anxiety, assessed through the application of a modified version of the Social Physique Anxiety Scale, with 28 women who were new members exercising at all-female facilities compared to 43 new female members exercising at coeducational facilities. Analyses indicated there were no significant ...
Hale B S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Significant reductions in state anxiety following bouts of aerobic exercise have been consistently noted, whereas changes are generally absent after acute resistance training. However, the influence of a single exercise session involving both modes on state anxiety has not been examined. METHODS: To address this, state anxiety responses to ...
Ishizaki Yuko - - 2002
This study evaluated changes of mood status and depressive and neurotic levels in nine young male subjects during a 20-day 6 degrees head-down tilting bed rest and examined whether exercise training modified these changes. Participants were asked to complete psychometrical inventories on before, during, and after the bed rest experiment. ...
East Christine E - - 2002
The use of maternal epidural analgesia in labor may be associated with nonreassuring fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns. Fetal oxygen saturation (FSpO2) monitoring may improve assessment of fetal well-being during this time. Mean FSpO2 values were compared over seven 5-minute epochs: 5 minutes prior to an epidural event (combined insertion ...
Bessinger Raymond C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to examine substrate utilization and hormonal responses to moderate intensity exercise in the same group of women across gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Glucose, triglyceride, insulin, glucagon, cortisol, growth hormone, and blood urea nitrogen levels were measured in 12 women at rest and after exercise. Heart rate, ...
Leppämäki Sami J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Season-related subsyndromal depressive symptoms during winter are common among populations at high latitudes. Both physical exercise and exposure to bright light can relieve the fatigue and downturn of mood associated with the shortening length of day. Serum cholesterol level may be related to changes in mood, but the evidence ...
Lumbers E R - - 2002
A pregnant woman participated in cycling events in the 2000 Olympics. Recently there was concern about the participation of a pregnant woman in the Australian netball team. More and more women are anxious to pursue sports during their pregnancies and to maintain condition. For the clinician or sports physician caring ...
Magann Everett F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of exercise on maternal and perinatal outcome in a low-risk healthy obstetric population. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of low-risk healthy women exercising during their pregnancy. An extensive questionnaire collected antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum patient information on 750 women. The women were divided ...
Schneider C M - - 2002
Recent advances in cancer detection and treatment have resulted in an increase in the survival rate of individuals diagnosed with cancer. The increased survival rate brings new challenges for increasing the quality of life for cancer survivors. Debilitating side effects can result from the cancer itself and the cancer treatment. ...
Hale B S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to contrast state anxiety responses to acute aerobic and resistance exercise across an 8-week period. METHODS: State anxiety (STAI-Y1) was assessed immediately prior to and 5 min following 50-min exercise sessions in 42 adults enrolled in introductory level resistance training or step aerobic ...
Bell R - - 2002
Whether or not vigorous exercise during pregnancy affects birth weight is an important issue because birth weight is the single most important determinant of neonatal mortality. A current meta-analysis of randomised trials of exercise during pregnancy did not find, although also did not exclude, a clinically important effect of exercise ...
- - 2002
There are numerous benefits to pregnant women of remaining active during pregnancy. These include improved weight control and maintenance of fitness. There may also be benefits in terms of reduced risk of development of gestational diabetes meilitus and improved psychological functioning. Moderate intensity aerobic exercise has been shown to be ...
Jones Lee W - - 2002
PURPOSE: Physical exercise has been shown to help cancer survivors cope with treatment side effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the oncologist in promoting exercise in cancer survivors. DESCRIPTION OF STUDY: Cancer survivors who had recently completed treatment (N = 311) were mailed a ...
Wininger Steven R - - 2002
This study examined the anxiolytic (anxiety reducing) effects of exercise for elderly women engaging in a single bout of aqua aerobics. Volunteers (N=29) completed questionnaires immediately before and after participating in an aqua aerobics class. The average age of participants was 66.4 yr. A brief form of Spielberger's State Anxiety ...
Fairey Adrian S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There are a limited number of interventions for cancer survivors following completion of primary therapy that might reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and/or secondary malignancies and increase survival times. It has been proposed that physical exercise may be beneficial by enhancing the anticancer immune system response. The purpose ...
Clapp James F JF - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the null hypothesis that the volume of exercise at different times during pregnancy has no effect on fetoplacental growth. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five women who exercised regularly were evaluated before pregnancy and randomly assigned at 8 weeks' gestation to one of 3 ...
Wetterqvist Hakon - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological response to an exercise test in 75- to 77-year-old women and men. Out of a systematically chosen and representative sample of 1,245 persons from a population at the age of 70, 649 individuals remained available at the age of 75-77 ...
Kramer M S - - 2002
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently, suggesting that maternal exercise might have beneficial or adverse effects on pregnancy outcome. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of advising healthy pregnant women to ...
Gowans S E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of exercise on mood and physical function in individuals with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to an exercise (EX) or control (CTL) group. EX subjects participated in 3 30-minute exercise classes per week for 23 weeks. Subjects were tested at entry and at 6, ...
Lane A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the extent to which pre-exercise depressed mood moderated the influence of exercise on changes in other mood dimensions. The study was conducted in an ecologically valid setting using participants with previous experience of aerobic dance exercise. We hypothesized that (a) exercise will be associated with ...
Hinton P S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between psychosocial characteristics and change in exercise and food intake of women during the first year postpartum. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study following women from pregnancy until 1 year postpartum. Psychosocial variables, change in food intake, and exercise frequency were assessed using anonymous mailed questionnaires ...
Yin Z - - 2001
The present study examined the association between the sex composition of exercise environment and concerns related to body appearance of women who exercise. A questionnaire concerning social physique anxiety, body dissatisfaction, and attitude toward women-only exercise environment was administered to 81 women who used either the women-only area or the ...
Blanchard C M - - 2001
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of an acute bout of exercise on state anxiety in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: A two-group (high and low state anxiety) by two-time (pre- and postexercise) mixed factorial design. SETTING: Exercise physiology lab at the University of Alberta. SAMPLE: 34 stage I or II breast ...
Rhodes R E - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality and exercise participation across the breast cancer experience. Based on the Five-Factor Model and previous exercise research, it was hypothesized that high scores of extraversion (E) and conscientiousness (C), and low scores of neuroticism (N) would discriminate exercise ...
Williamson D - - 2001
The present study assessed the effect of two types of physical exercise on the self reported mood of 64 9 and 10-yr.-old children who responded to a self-report mood meassure after two different types of aerobic exercise of 15 min., and after a 15-min. video. Significant increases in positive mood ...
Sexton H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Recreational exercise and mood have frequently been correlated in population studies. Although it is often assumed that recreational exercise improves mood, this has not been consistently demonstrated in population studies. METHOD: The relationship between mood and exercise was studied prospectively in a community sample. A series of synchronous panel ...
Nabetani T - - 2001
The primary purpose of this study was to contrast the effects of two short-duration exercises on mood changes. A secondary goal was to examine the relationship between pre-exercise and post-exercise mood states. The subjects were 15 healthy male graduate students. They were involved in a within-subject design in which each ...
Hansen C J - - 2001
The effects of exercise duration on mood state were examined. In a repeated-measures design, the Profile of Mood States inventory (D. M. McNair, M. Lorr, & L. F. Droppleman, 1971) was administered before and after 1 quiet resting trial and 3 exercise trials of 10, 20, and 30 min on ...
Filaire E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The relationships between psychophysiological variables were investigated by comparing physiological responses (salivary cortisol and testosterone concentrations) and psychological responses (measured by the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 -CSAI-2-and by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory -STAY-) prior to judo competitions at two levels (regional versus interregional). METHODS: Twelve male judo competitors at ...
Cowings P S - - 2001
The purpose of this project was to use NASA technology to assist the US Army in the assessment of motion sickness incidences and effects on soldier performance and mood states within the Command and Control Vehicle (C2V). Specific objectives were (1) to determine if there was a significant difference between ...
Toskovic N N - - 2001
This study was designed to investigate and to compare the acute alterations in selected measures of mood profile in novice Taekwondo practitioners while evaluating whether dynamic Taekwondo practice was an appropriate exercise modality for enhancing six psychological state dimensions: Vigor, Anxiety, Depression, Anger, Fatigue, and Confusion. 20 male and female ...
Piravej K - - 2001
The patterns, attitudes, and general effects of exercise during pregnancy on the pregnancy outcome were retrospectively studied on a consecutive series of Thai pregnant women at the King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital between April and June 2000. Two hundred and three postnatal patients were recruited and interviewed systematically. About 42.36 per ...
Butki B D - - 2001
Social cognitive theory of Bandura hypothesizes that increases in self-efficacy act as a mechanism for anxiety reduction and lower biological stress reactions. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine self-efficacy, anxiety, and cortisol responses to 20 minutes of treadmill running at 85% maximal heart rate and a ...
Courneya K S - - 2001
More than 1.2 million Americans are diagnosed with cancer each year, and many receive intensive medical treatments. Currently, exercise is not considered a standard quality-of -life intervention for cancer patients. In this article, 11 studies are reviewed that have examined exercise interventions concurrent with cancer treatment. The key conclusion is ...
Kritz-Silverstein D - - 2001
This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations of exercise with depressed mood in a community-based sample of older men and women (aged 50--89 years in 1984--1987) in southern California. Regular strenuous exercise and exercise > or =3 times per week were reported; depressed mood was assessed by using the Beck ...
Shapiro D - - 2001
The objective of this study was to assess the relation between the intensity of single moods and of mood combinations on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). The subjects were 203 healthy registered nurses, all women, who were studied on two work and two off days. Ambulatory BP and ...
Hinton P S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics and exercise prior to pregnancy to change in physical activity (PA) during pregnancy. METHODS: This study was part of the Bassett Mothers' Health Project (BMHP), a prospective cohort study of women who enrolled for ...
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