Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 900
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Wetterqvist Hakon - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological response to an exercise test in 75- to 77-year-old women and men. Out of a systematically chosen and representative sample of 1,245 persons from a population at the age of 70, 649 individuals remained available at the age of 75-77 ...
Kramer M S - - 2002
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently, suggesting that maternal exercise might have beneficial or adverse effects on pregnancy outcome. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of advising healthy pregnant women to ...
Gowans S E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of exercise on mood and physical function in individuals with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to an exercise (EX) or control (CTL) group. EX subjects participated in 3 30-minute exercise classes per week for 23 weeks. Subjects were tested at entry and at 6, ...
Lane A M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the extent to which pre-exercise depressed mood moderated the influence of exercise on changes in other mood dimensions. The study was conducted in an ecologically valid setting using participants with previous experience of aerobic dance exercise. We hypothesized that (a) exercise will be associated with ...
Hinton P S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between psychosocial characteristics and change in exercise and food intake of women during the first year postpartum. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study following women from pregnancy until 1 year postpartum. Psychosocial variables, change in food intake, and exercise frequency were assessed using anonymous mailed questionnaires ...
Yin Z - - 2001
The present study examined the association between the sex composition of exercise environment and concerns related to body appearance of women who exercise. A questionnaire concerning social physique anxiety, body dissatisfaction, and attitude toward women-only exercise environment was administered to 81 women who used either the women-only area or the ...
Blanchard C M - - 2001
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of an acute bout of exercise on state anxiety in breast cancer survivors. DESIGN: A two-group (high and low state anxiety) by two-time (pre- and postexercise) mixed factorial design. SETTING: Exercise physiology lab at the University of Alberta. SAMPLE: 34 stage I or II breast ...
Rhodes R E - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality and exercise participation across the breast cancer experience. Based on the Five-Factor Model and previous exercise research, it was hypothesized that high scores of extraversion (E) and conscientiousness (C), and low scores of neuroticism (N) would discriminate exercise ...
Williamson D - - 2001
The present study assessed the effect of two types of physical exercise on the self reported mood of 64 9 and 10-yr.-old children who responded to a self-report mood meassure after two different types of aerobic exercise of 15 min., and after a 15-min. video. Significant increases in positive mood ...
Sexton H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Recreational exercise and mood have frequently been correlated in population studies. Although it is often assumed that recreational exercise improves mood, this has not been consistently demonstrated in population studies. METHOD: The relationship between mood and exercise was studied prospectively in a community sample. A series of synchronous panel ...
Nabetani T - - 2001
The primary purpose of this study was to contrast the effects of two short-duration exercises on mood changes. A secondary goal was to examine the relationship between pre-exercise and post-exercise mood states. The subjects were 15 healthy male graduate students. They were involved in a within-subject design in which each ...
Hansen C J - - 2001
The effects of exercise duration on mood state were examined. In a repeated-measures design, the Profile of Mood States inventory (D. M. McNair, M. Lorr, & L. F. Droppleman, 1971) was administered before and after 1 quiet resting trial and 3 exercise trials of 10, 20, and 30 min on ...
Filaire E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The relationships between psychophysiological variables were investigated by comparing physiological responses (salivary cortisol and testosterone concentrations) and psychological responses (measured by the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 -CSAI-2-and by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory -STAY-) prior to judo competitions at two levels (regional versus interregional). METHODS: Twelve male judo competitors at ...
Cowings P S - - 2001
The purpose of this project was to use NASA technology to assist the US Army in the assessment of motion sickness incidences and effects on soldier performance and mood states within the Command and Control Vehicle (C2V). Specific objectives were (1) to determine if there was a significant difference between ...
Toskovic N N - - 2001
This study was designed to investigate and to compare the acute alterations in selected measures of mood profile in novice Taekwondo practitioners while evaluating whether dynamic Taekwondo practice was an appropriate exercise modality for enhancing six psychological state dimensions: Vigor, Anxiety, Depression, Anger, Fatigue, and Confusion. 20 male and female ...
Piravej K - - 2001
The patterns, attitudes, and general effects of exercise during pregnancy on the pregnancy outcome were retrospectively studied on a consecutive series of Thai pregnant women at the King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital between April and June 2000. Two hundred and three postnatal patients were recruited and interviewed systematically. About 42.36 per ...
Butki B D - - 2001
Social cognitive theory of Bandura hypothesizes that increases in self-efficacy act as a mechanism for anxiety reduction and lower biological stress reactions. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine self-efficacy, anxiety, and cortisol responses to 20 minutes of treadmill running at 85% maximal heart rate and a ...
Courneya K S - - 2001
More than 1.2 million Americans are diagnosed with cancer each year, and many receive intensive medical treatments. Currently, exercise is not considered a standard quality-of -life intervention for cancer patients. In this article, 11 studies are reviewed that have examined exercise interventions concurrent with cancer treatment. The key conclusion is ...
Kritz-Silverstein D - - 2001
This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations of exercise with depressed mood in a community-based sample of older men and women (aged 50--89 years in 1984--1987) in southern California. Regular strenuous exercise and exercise > or =3 times per week were reported; depressed mood was assessed by using the Beck ...
Shapiro D - - 2001
The objective of this study was to assess the relation between the intensity of single moods and of mood combinations on blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). The subjects were 203 healthy registered nurses, all women, who were studied on two work and two off days. Ambulatory BP and ...
Hinton P S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics and exercise prior to pregnancy to change in physical activity (PA) during pregnancy. METHODS: This study was part of the Bassett Mothers' Health Project (BMHP), a prospective cohort study of women who enrolled for ...
Campbell M K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate the impact of exercise and occupational activity on birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: This case-control study involved singleton infants at > or = 34 weeks' gestation without congenital anomalies. Case subjects had birth weights at <15th percentile for gestational age, and 2 control subjects were ...
Segal R - - 2001
PURPOSE: Self-directed and supervised exercise were compared with usual care in a clinical trial designed to evaluate the effect of structured exercise on physical functioning and other dimensions of health-related quality of life in women with stages I and II breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-three women with ...
Ioka Tatsuya - - 2001
Previous epidemiological studies have suggested that lack of exercise and a high fat diet increase the risk of colorectal cancer. We planned a clinical trial to test these propositions, using subjects with multiple colorectal adenomas and/or carcinomas. Enrolment in this study was conducted in two stages. First, patients were invited ...
Garvin A W - - 2001
This study examined the influence of hypnosis, autogenic relaxation, and quiet rest on selected affective states and metabolism. The influence of body position (seated vs. supine) on these same outcome measures was also investigated. Anxiety, tension, and overall mood were assessed before and 30 minutes after each treatment, and oxygen ...
Houghton P E - - 2000
The purpose was to determine the effects of exercise on fetal and placental glycogen storage patterns at 20 days gestation (term 21 days) in mature (approximately 12 months of age) Sprague-Dawley rats. The exercise protocol consisted of treadmill running at 30 m min-1, on a 10 incline, for 60 min, ...
Clapp J F JF 3rd Departments of Reproductive Biology and Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Schwartz Center for Metabolism and Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University and MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109, - - 2000
Our purpose was to test the null hypothesis that beginning regular, moderate-intensity exercise in early pregnancy has no effect on fetoplacental growth. Forty-six women who did not exercise regularly were randomly assigned at 8 weeks either to no exercise (n = 24) or to weight-bearing exercise (n = 22) 3 ...
Ezmerli NM - - 2000
Exercise has become an integral part of the life styles of many women. However, many women stop exercising during pregnancy because of concerns regarding the well-being of the fetus. Although pregnancy is associated with several physiologic changes and response to exercise is different in the pregnant state than in the ...
Goodwin A - - 2000
This study compared the perceptions of body image and psychological well-being between exercising and non-exercising pregnant women. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted with 65 nulliparous women (mean age years = 30.3, range = 23-39) who were allocated to 2 groups based on level of recreational exercise participation; 25 exercisers ...
MacPhail A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the fetal response to and safety of maximal maternal exercise in the third trimester. METHODS: Twenty-three active women with uncomplicated pregnancies (singleton gestations) underwent maximal exercise testing in late gestation using a progressive maximal cycle ergometer protocol. Fetal heart rate (FHR) responses were monitored and classified using ...
Schwartz A L - - 2000
PURPOSE: Weight gain is a common side effect for women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy and may have negative long-term implications for survival. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic exercise on weight gain in women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. DESCRIPTION OF STUDY: Seventy-eight women ...
Suzuki M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of midazolam, 30 ngxmL(-1), on altered perception, mood, and cognition induced by ketamine. METHODS: After ketamine was administered to achieve target concentrations of 50, 100, or 150 ngxmL in 11 volunteers, perception, mood, and thought process were assessed by a visual analog scale. Mini-Mental State ...
Watanabe E - - 2000
This study examined the effect of an acute exercise program of different exercise conditions on state anxiety among older adults. 73 healthy subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to either water exercise group (n = 36) or land exercise group (n = 37). State anxiety was assessed before exercise and ...
Clapp J F JF - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the hypotheses that pregnancy increases portal vein blood flow and that regular exercise training during pregnancy limits the flow redistribution away from the splanchnic and uterine circulations in response to either gravitational or exercise-induced hemodynamic stress. STUDY DESIGN: Portal vein blood flow, which probably reflects ...
Feiner B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maternal isometric exercise on the placental blood flow as reflected by the velocimetric indices PI and RI derived from placental arteries. SUBJECTS: Thirty-four healthy women with normal singleton pregnancies between 22 and 35 weeks of gestation. METHODS: All subjects underwent an isometric handgrip exercise ...
Hucklebridge F - - 2000
Secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) measured in saliva, an index of mucosal immunity, has repeatedly been shown to be sensitive to psychological variables. Chronic stress is downregulatory whereas an acute psychological challenge induces mobilisation. We examined whether an acute manipulation of mood to induce negative hedonic tone would be downregulatory, as ...
Courneya K S - - 2000
A comprehensive review of the recent literature reveals that exercise has a positive effect on a broad range of quality-of-life parameters after patients are diagnosed as having cancer. The general exercise prescription is moderate-intensity exercise, 3 to 5 days per week, 20 to 30 minutes per session. Conditions that warrant ...
Cruess D G - - 2000
This study examined salivary cortisol and mood during relaxation training in 30 symptomatic, HIV+ gay men participating in a 10-week, group-based cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention. Cortisol levels and mood were assessed within these sessions just before and after 45-min relaxation exercises given as part of each session. Participants also recorded ...
Clapp J F JF - - 2000
Research dealing with exercise during pregnancy continues to demonstrate marked benefits for mother and fetus. The type, intensity, frequency, and duration of the exercise seem to be important determinants of its beneficial effects. Maternal benefits include improved cardiovascular function, limited weight gain and fat retention, improved attitude and mental state, ...
Parente D - - 2000
This study randomly assigned participants to either an aerobic, non-aerobic, or lecture group to assess whether one bout of exercise would alter mood state. Regardless of experimental condition, changes in mood state were found on the Sensation Seeking and Anxiety State Tests, where sensation-seeking scores increased and anxiety state decreased ...
Shephard R J - - 2000
Exercise and training responses in women are briefly reviewed. Part I of the paper considers the influence of gender on such responses. The average woman has a smaller inherent aerobic power and less muscular strength than a man, reflecting sociocultural influences, physical size, body composition, and hormonal milieu. Nevertheless, the ...
Clapp J F JF - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy and exercise have opposite effects on fat mass and insulin resistance. We therefore designed this study to test the hypotheses that exercise during pregnancy alters the pregnancy- associated increases in the levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha and leptin and that the changes in tumor necrosis factor alpha ...
Bell R - - 2000
Does strenuous antenatal exercise reduce birthweight? Does reducing maternal exercise increase birthweight? What to advise about exercise during pregnancy? We recruited 117 women who intended to exercise 5 or more times weekly during pregnancy to a study of whether reducing the amount of maternal exercise during pregnancy is associated with ...
Britton J A - - 2000
Data on 1,501 control women from a multi-center, population-based, case-control study of breast cancer were used to examine characteristics associated with recreational exercise during the year prior to the interview among women 20 to 44 years of age. In a univariate analysis, higher levels of recreational exercise were associated with: ...
Coleman K J - - 2000
An objective measure for the assessment of exercise and sedentary activity choices was evaluated for reliability in 38 sedentary women, aged 18-45, in El Paso, TX. Twenty-two Hispanic women and 16 Anglo women participated. An equal number of obese and nonobese women comprised each group of participants. Using five computer-generated ...
Hammer R L - - 2000
Many women wish to continue to pursue an active lifestyle during pregnancy, while the pregnancy itself may provide the motivation for other more sedentary women to begin an exercise program for the sake of improved health/fitness. Also, female competitive athletes, upon becoming pregnant, may wish to continue sports performance and ...
Palinkas L A - - 2000
Seasonal variation in mood and behavior was examined in 87 American men and women who spent the 1991 austral winter at three different research stations in Antarctica. The South Pole station (90 degrees S) crew reported a significant decline in tension/anxiety, depression, anger, confusion, and fatigue from March to August, ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of advising healthy pregnant women to engage in regular (at least two to three times per week) aerobic exercise ...
Heenan A P - - 2000
Stewart's physicochemical approach was used to study the effects of pregnancy on acid-base regulation in arterialized blood. Responses of 15 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.1 +/- 0.2 wk) were compared with those of 15 nonpregnant controls (CG) at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ...
Zvolensky M J - - 1999
Control over the offset of repeated administrations of 20% carbon-dioxide-enriched air was assessed in nonclinical participants (n = 30) reporting elevated levels of anxiety sensitivity--a population at an increased risk for experiencing panic attacks and possibly developing panic disorder. In Phase I, participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
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