Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 827
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Ioka Tatsuya - - 2001
Previous epidemiological studies have suggested that lack of exercise and a high fat diet increase the risk of colorectal cancer. We planned a clinical trial to test these propositions, using subjects with multiple colorectal adenomas and/or carcinomas. Enrolment in this study was conducted in two stages. First, patients were invited ...
Garvin A W - - 2001
This study examined the influence of hypnosis, autogenic relaxation, and quiet rest on selected affective states and metabolism. The influence of body position (seated vs. supine) on these same outcome measures was also investigated. Anxiety, tension, and overall mood were assessed before and 30 minutes after each treatment, and oxygen ...
Houghton P E - - 2000
The purpose was to determine the effects of exercise on fetal and placental glycogen storage patterns at 20 days gestation (term 21 days) in mature (approximately 12 months of age) Sprague-Dawley rats. The exercise protocol consisted of treadmill running at 30 m min-1, on a 10 incline, for 60 min, ...
Clapp J F JF 3rd Departments of Reproductive Biology and Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Schwartz Center for Metabolism and Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University and MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109, - - 2000
Our purpose was to test the null hypothesis that beginning regular, moderate-intensity exercise in early pregnancy has no effect on fetoplacental growth. Forty-six women who did not exercise regularly were randomly assigned at 8 weeks either to no exercise (n = 24) or to weight-bearing exercise (n = 22) 3 ...
Ezmerli NM - - 2000
Exercise has become an integral part of the life styles of many women. However, many women stop exercising during pregnancy because of concerns regarding the well-being of the fetus. Although pregnancy is associated with several physiologic changes and response to exercise is different in the pregnant state than in the ...
Goodwin A - - 2000
This study compared the perceptions of body image and psychological well-being between exercising and non-exercising pregnant women. A prospective longitudinal study was conducted with 65 nulliparous women (mean age years = 30.3, range = 23-39) who were allocated to 2 groups based on level of recreational exercise participation; 25 exercisers ...
MacPhail A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the fetal response to and safety of maximal maternal exercise in the third trimester. METHODS: Twenty-three active women with uncomplicated pregnancies (singleton gestations) underwent maximal exercise testing in late gestation using a progressive maximal cycle ergometer protocol. Fetal heart rate (FHR) responses were monitored and classified using ...
Schwartz A L - - 2000
PURPOSE: Weight gain is a common side effect for women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy and may have negative long-term implications for survival. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic exercise on weight gain in women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. DESCRIPTION OF STUDY: Seventy-eight women ...
Suzuki M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of midazolam, 30 ngxmL(-1), on altered perception, mood, and cognition induced by ketamine. METHODS: After ketamine was administered to achieve target concentrations of 50, 100, or 150 ngxmL in 11 volunteers, perception, mood, and thought process were assessed by a visual analog scale. Mini-Mental State ...
Watanabe E - - 2000
This study examined the effect of an acute exercise program of different exercise conditions on state anxiety among older adults. 73 healthy subjects were recruited and randomly assigned to either water exercise group (n = 36) or land exercise group (n = 37). State anxiety was assessed before exercise and ...
Clapp J F JF - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the hypotheses that pregnancy increases portal vein blood flow and that regular exercise training during pregnancy limits the flow redistribution away from the splanchnic and uterine circulations in response to either gravitational or exercise-induced hemodynamic stress. STUDY DESIGN: Portal vein blood flow, which probably reflects ...
Feiner B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maternal isometric exercise on the placental blood flow as reflected by the velocimetric indices PI and RI derived from placental arteries. SUBJECTS: Thirty-four healthy women with normal singleton pregnancies between 22 and 35 weeks of gestation. METHODS: All subjects underwent an isometric handgrip exercise ...
Hucklebridge F - - 2000
Secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) measured in saliva, an index of mucosal immunity, has repeatedly been shown to be sensitive to psychological variables. Chronic stress is downregulatory whereas an acute psychological challenge induces mobilisation. We examined whether an acute manipulation of mood to induce negative hedonic tone would be downregulatory, as ...
Courneya K S - - 2000
A comprehensive review of the recent literature reveals that exercise has a positive effect on a broad range of quality-of-life parameters after patients are diagnosed as having cancer. The general exercise prescription is moderate-intensity exercise, 3 to 5 days per week, 20 to 30 minutes per session. Conditions that warrant ...
Cruess D G - - 2000
This study examined salivary cortisol and mood during relaxation training in 30 symptomatic, HIV+ gay men participating in a 10-week, group-based cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention. Cortisol levels and mood were assessed within these sessions just before and after 45-min relaxation exercises given as part of each session. Participants also recorded ...
Clapp J F JF - - 2000
Research dealing with exercise during pregnancy continues to demonstrate marked benefits for mother and fetus. The type, intensity, frequency, and duration of the exercise seem to be important determinants of its beneficial effects. Maternal benefits include improved cardiovascular function, limited weight gain and fat retention, improved attitude and mental state, ...
Parente D - - 2000
This study randomly assigned participants to either an aerobic, non-aerobic, or lecture group to assess whether one bout of exercise would alter mood state. Regardless of experimental condition, changes in mood state were found on the Sensation Seeking and Anxiety State Tests, where sensation-seeking scores increased and anxiety state decreased ...
Shephard R J - - 2000
Exercise and training responses in women are briefly reviewed. Part I of the paper considers the influence of gender on such responses. The average woman has a smaller inherent aerobic power and less muscular strength than a man, reflecting sociocultural influences, physical size, body composition, and hormonal milieu. Nevertheless, the ...
Clapp J F JF - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy and exercise have opposite effects on fat mass and insulin resistance. We therefore designed this study to test the hypotheses that exercise during pregnancy alters the pregnancy- associated increases in the levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha and leptin and that the changes in tumor necrosis factor alpha ...
Bell R - - 2000
Does strenuous antenatal exercise reduce birthweight? Does reducing maternal exercise increase birthweight? What to advise about exercise during pregnancy? We recruited 117 women who intended to exercise 5 or more times weekly during pregnancy to a study of whether reducing the amount of maternal exercise during pregnancy is associated with ...
Britton J A - - 2000
Data on 1,501 control women from a multi-center, population-based, case-control study of breast cancer were used to examine characteristics associated with recreational exercise during the year prior to the interview among women 20 to 44 years of age. In a univariate analysis, higher levels of recreational exercise were associated with: ...
Coleman K J - - 2000
An objective measure for the assessment of exercise and sedentary activity choices was evaluated for reliability in 38 sedentary women, aged 18-45, in El Paso, TX. Twenty-two Hispanic women and 16 Anglo women participated. An equal number of obese and nonobese women comprised each group of participants. Using five computer-generated ...
Hammer R L - - 2000
Many women wish to continue to pursue an active lifestyle during pregnancy, while the pregnancy itself may provide the motivation for other more sedentary women to begin an exercise program for the sake of improved health/fitness. Also, female competitive athletes, upon becoming pregnant, may wish to continue sports performance and ...
Palinkas L A - - 2000
Seasonal variation in mood and behavior was examined in 87 American men and women who spent the 1991 austral winter at three different research stations in Antarctica. The South Pole station (90 degrees S) crew reported a significant decline in tension/anxiety, depression, anger, confusion, and fatigue from March to August, ...
Kramer M S - - 2000
Physiological responses of the fetus (especially increase in heart rate) to single, brief bouts of maternal exercise have been documented frequently. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of advising healthy pregnant women to engage in regular (at least two to three times per week) aerobic exercise ...
Heenan A P - - 2000
Stewart's physicochemical approach was used to study the effects of pregnancy on acid-base regulation in arterialized blood. Responses of 15 healthy pregnant women (PG; gestational age, 37.1 +/- 0.2 wk) were compared with those of 15 nonpregnant controls (CG) at rest and during cycling at 70 and 110% of the ...
Zvolensky M J - - 1999
Control over the offset of repeated administrations of 20% carbon-dioxide-enriched air was assessed in nonclinical participants (n = 30) reporting elevated levels of anxiety sensitivity--a population at an increased risk for experiencing panic attacks and possibly developing panic disorder. In Phase I, participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 ...
Wolfe L A - - 1999
This study examined the interactive effects of pregnancy and aerobic conditioning on maternal cardiac structure and function. Effects of closely monitored cycle ergometer conditioning were studied during the second (TM2) and third trimesters (TM3) in 22 previously sedentary pregnant women (exercised group, EG) and a nonexercising pregnant control group with ...
Schwartz A L - - 1999
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a common side effect of cancer treatment that impacts quality of life. Exercise is one approach suggested to improve fatigue. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of exercise to fatigue and quality of life. METHODS: Thirty-one subjects with breast cancer were enrolled prior ...
Rafla N M - - 1999
Eighteen pregnant women affected with fetal growth retardation in the last trimester were exercised. The mean maternal heart rate increased significantly from 140 beats per minute (bpm) (120-188 bpm) at rest to 172 bpm (163- 178 bpm) after exercise. The mean exercise intensity was 65% (56-85%) of submaximal exercise. Maternal ...
Oda S - - 1999
In this study we investigated the effects of underwater exercise in warm water (34 degrees C) on physiological and psychological relaxation. Eight healthy young men (aged 20-26 years) volunteered for the experiment. The experiment consisted of the following three successive segments: a pre-exercise period of 20 min, during which the ...
Avery N D - - 1999
Cardiovascular responses to strength conditioning exercises were examined in 12 healthy pregnant women and their unborn fetuses during the third trimester. A group of 12 healthy nonpregnant women of similar ages, parity, body height, and pre-pregnant body mass was also studied. Maternal heart rate and blood pressure and fetal heart ...
Artal R - - 1999
Regular, moderate exercise does not significantly affect length of gestation or birth weight, and it may ease pregnancy and labor. Active pregnant women should maintain adequate hydration and nutrition, avoid hyperthermia, and take precautions if obstetric or medical complications are present. Supine exercise, contact sports, high-altitude exertion, and scuba diving ...
Totterdell P - - 1999
A field study investigated the ongoing use and effectiveness of self-regulation strategies for improving mood and the effects of a mood-regulation intervention. Thirty trainee teachers used pocket computers to complete ratings of their mood and their use of mood-regulation strategies every 2 hr during 2 weeks of a school placement. ...
Rafla N M - - 1999
The effect of acute exercise on pregnant women in the last trimester of pregnancy and the changes in fetal umbilical artery flow velocity waveforms were studied. One hundred and forty-three healthy pregnant women underwent an acute exercise test. The exercise was performed on an upright bicycle ergometer for 5 minutes, ...
DeVos H M - - 1999
10 female physical education students were given posthypnotic suggestions alluding to economy of effort in exercise. These suggestions were affirmed under self-hypnosis over two weeks. Experimental subjects pedalled on an exercise bicycle for 20 min. at 60% of their maximal work capacity while listening to suggestions from a hypnotist. The ...
Katula J A - - 1999
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of varying exercise intensities and changes in self-efficacy on anxiety reduction in a sample of healthy, older adults. Eighty older adults from a randomized controlled exercise trial participated in this study and completed measures of self-efficacy and the State ...
Brenner I K - - 1999
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of advancing gestational age and maternal aerobic conditioning (stationary cycling) on fetal heart rate (FHR) responses to strenuous non-steady-state maternal exercise. METHODS: Subjects chose to participate in either an exercise group (EG) or control group (CG). Fourteen healthy, previously sedentary pregnant women participated in ...
Tamaki M - - 1999
This study evaluated the effects of the daytime nap on performance, mood and physiological measures in aged individuals Participants were six healthy aged persons (M=72.2 years old) who habitually napped in the afternoon three or more times a week. They participated under two conditions with an interval of 1 week. ...
McTiernan A - - 1999
The experimental study design can yield valuable information in measuring the association between physical activity and occurrence of cancers. Randomized clinical exercise trials can provide insight into the avenues through which physical activity might affect cancer development and can provide experience with diffusing an exercise intervention into certain populations. This ...
Caretti D M - - 1999
The combined effects of respirator wear and low-intensity work on decision making and mood were assessed in eight subjects during 60 min of low-intensity treadmill walking with and without a respirator to determine whether the stresses of respirator wear negatively impact decision making. Subjects completed walks during no mask wear, ...
Johnson B A - - 1999
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is an important screening procedure because of its ability to detect early changes in the distal colon. The 60-cm flexible sigmoidoscope provides excellent visualization with minimal discomfort to patients. Successful sigmoidoscopy requires adequate patient preparation, proper equipment and an experienced examiner who can recognize both normal and abnormal ...
Nishith P - - 1999
We sought to determine: 1) whether a simple hypnotic induction with an alprazolam experience derived suggestion could recreate the subjective effects of alprazolam (Xanax), 2) whether the effects of alprazolam are greater than the effects of hypnosis plus this suggestion, and 3) whether the effects of hypnosis plus this suggestion ...
Hartmann S - - 1999
Controversial findings in numerous studies involving physiological and endocrinological parameters indicate that physical exercise during pregnancy is complex and somewhat poorly understood. But despite this reservation, it is safe to say that on the basis of the current state of scientific research in this area, physical exercise is to be ...
Courneya K S - - 1999
With almost 8 million Americans alive today who have been through the cancer experience, it is important to develop interventions to maintain quality of life (QOL) following cancer diagnosis. Physical exercise is an intervention that may address the broad range of QOL issues following cancer diagnosis including physical, functional, psychological, ...
Shephard R J - - 1998
Physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause and colonic cancers, and it seems to exert a weaker effect on the risk of breast, lung and reproductive tract tumours. This review examines possible mechanisms behind the observed associations. Restriction of physical activity by pre-existing disease may contribute to ...
Berger B G - - 1998
This study investigated a possible relationship between exercise intensity and mood alteration that commonly is associated with physical activity. 91 college students completed the Profile of Mood States before and after 20 min. of jogging at three intensities: 55%, 75%, and 79% of age-adjusted maximum heart rate on different occasions. ...
Hatch M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether, in a general obstetric population, exercise in pregnancy affects the timeliness of delivery. The hypothesis was that maternal exercise would not raise the risk of preterm birth. METHODS: A community cohort of 557 prenatal patients was followed up until the time of delivery. Data were ...
Steptoe A - - 1998
Thirty-eight men and 35 women completed diaries of exercise, mood, and the experience and appraisal of daily stressors over 12 consecutive days. It was hypothesized that exercise would be associated with positive moods and with the experience of fewer daily stressors. Positive moods were rated higher and depression lower on ...
Breus M J - - 1998
PURPOSE: One purpose was to test the hypothesis that anxiety reductions following exercise are caused by a "time out" from daily cares and worries, and the second purpose was to document the magnitude of the change in state anxiety after exercise in high trait anxious females. METHODS: Anxious women (N ...
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