Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 897
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Bardwell Wayne A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Associations between physical and emotional stress and negative mood states have been documented in a variety of populations. In military personnel, more physical symptoms and decrements in ability to perform critical tasks have been shown to accompany such stress-induced negative mood. Most research in this area has focused on ...
Galvão Daniel A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To present an overview of exercise interventions in cancer patients during and after treatment and evaluate dose-training response considering type, frequency, volume, and intensity of training along with expected physiological outcomes. METHODS: The review is divided into studies that incorporated cardiovascular training, combination of cardiovascular, resistance, and flexibility training, ...
Larsson Linnea - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important part of many women's lives. Women are often advised to refrain from physical exercise during pregnancy. The reason given is mainly safety, i.e. fear of maternal hyperthermia, which is known to be related to neural tube defects. However, exercise during pregnancy has not been shown ...
Cilo─člu Figen - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the patterns of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in postmenopausal Turkish women and the relationship of moderate aerobic exercise with secretion of salivary IgA and episodes of URTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety healthy, sedentary women at ages 45 to 65 years volunteered to participate in a 12-week ...
Liu Yunfa - - 2005
This study was conducted to determine whether 24-style Taijiquan (24TJQ) exhibits measurable psychological and physiological effects. Twenty-two middle-aged female subjects performed 24TJQ and cycle ergometry exercises at the same intensity determined by the same heart rate during 2 exercises. Electroencephalography and Profile of Mood State (POMS) were monitored before and ...
Kim Sang-Dol - - 2005
This study was performed to investigate the effects of a relaxation breathing exercise on anxiety, depression, and leukocyte count in patients who underwent allogenic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation. Thirty-five patients were randomly selected, with 18 assigned to an exercise group and 17 assigned to a control group. The exercise intervention ...
Lane Kirstin - - 2005
This article summarises the current research on the lymphatic system related to exercise and critically evaluates the implications for exercise performance by breast-cancer survivors. The primary role of the lymphatic system during exercise is to assist in the regulation of tissue volume and pressure by carrying fluid and plasma proteins ...
Gowans S E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To measure mood and physical function of individuals with fibromyalgia, 6 and 12 months following 23 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise. METHODS: This is a followup report of individuals who were previously enrolled in 23 weeks of land-based and water-based aerobic exercise classes. Outcomes included the 6-minute walk test, ...
Weissgerber Tracey L - - 2004
Preeclampsia affects 2-7% of pregnancies and is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite extensive study, the etiology of preeclampsia is poorly understood. Abnormal placental development, predisposing maternal constitutional factors, oxidative stress, immune maladaptation, and genetic susceptibility have all been hypothesized to contribute to the development ...
Ussher Michael - - 2004
AIM: To examine whether a brief bout of moderate intensity exercise reduces alcohol urges and mood disturbance in those with alcohol dependence. DESIGN: A counterbalanced cross-over design (within-subjects). SETTING: A hospital-based alcohol rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty males and females [mean (SD) age = 40.1 (8.2) years, mean (SD) Severity of ...
Mitchell Timothy B - - 2004
To investigate the possibility that (S)-methadone influences therapeutic and adverse responses to rac-methadone maintenance treatment, by examining how subjective and physiological responses among rac-methadone maintenance patients vary in relation to relative exposure to (S)- vs. (R)-methadone. Mood states (Profile of Mood States), opioid withdrawal (Methadone Symptoms Checklist), physiological responses (pupil ...
Filaire Edith - - 2004
The psychobiological status of cyclists over a period of 8 months of training was assessed by measuring the sympatho-adrenal level, the central noradrenergic activity, and the cortisol-testosterone ratio status noninvasively. Alteration of these indices after a large increase in training load lasting 4 days (+ 187%) was also examined. Urinary ...
Rogers Laura Q - - 2004
Physical activity during breast cancer treatment can significantly reduce treatment-related fatigue and improve quality of life. Unfortunately, the majority of women with breast cancer either do not exercise at all or exercise below recommended levels. Little is known about how to enhance physical activity among breast cancer patients. The social ...
Jones Lee W - - 2004
GOALS OF THE WORK: The goal of this study was to examine the association between exercise and quality of life (QOL) in multiple myeloma cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective design, 156 multiple myeloma cancer survivors were mailed a questionnaire that assessed self-reported exercise behavior over three periods ...
Lu Kristy - - 2004
L-Theanine (delta-glutamylethylamide) is one of the predominant amino acids ordinarily found in green tea, and historically has been used as a relaxing agent. The current study examined the acute effects of L-theanine in comparison with a standard benzodiazepine anxiolytic, alprazolam and placebo on behavioural measures of anxiety in healthy human ...
Jones Lee W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increased attention has focused on exercise as a quality of life intervention for breast cancer survivors during and after adjuvant therapy. PURPOSE: Our objective was to examine the effects of an oncologist's recommendation to exercise on self-reported exercise behavior in newly diagnosed breast cancer survivors attending their first adjuvant ...
Stricker Carrie Tompkins - - 2004
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To review and summarize the current state of the evidence for exercise as an intervention for cancer-related fatigue and to facilitate application to clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: Articles, abstracts, and practice guidelines published through October 2003. DATA SYNTHESIS: The strength of the evidence of effectiveness of exercise in managing ...
Kim Kwuy Bun - - 2004
This study examined the effects of meridian exercise on anxiety, depression, and self-esteem of female college students in Korea. The effects of meridian exercise on anxiety, depression, and self-esteem were statistically significant (t = -7.982, P= .000; t= -8.814, P = .000; t = 9.649, P = .000) between the ...
Headley Judith A - - 2004
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a seated exercise program on fatigue and quality of life (QOL) in women with metastatic breast cancer. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, longitudinal trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of a comprehensive cancer center. SAMPLE: Convenience sample of 38 women who were beginning outpatient chemotherapy. METHODS: Subjects were ...
Rosa Daniel Alves - - 2004
Considering exercise has positive and negative reinforcing properties, the mood states of sedentary, nonexercise-dependent and exercise-dependent volunteers were compared after maximal exercise testing. Mood status was evaluated by the Beck Depression Inventory, Trait-State Anxiety Inventory, and Profile of Mood States (POMS). No differences were detected before the test or after ...
Annesi James J - - 2004
Changes in feeling states after exercise and changes in overall mood after a period of 10 weeks were correlated after participation in a supervised, moderate intensity resistance training program. 52 previously sedentary, asymptomatic women (M=56 yr.) participated. Point biserial correlations were calculated between the 10-wk. change on the Profile of ...
Gong Jiangbin - - 2004
A five-level four-pulse phase-sensitive extended stimulated Raman adiabatic passage scheme is proposed to realize complete control of the population transfer branching ratio between two degenerate target states. The control is achieved via a three-node null eigenstate that can be correlated with an arbitrary superposition of the target states. Our results ...
Franczak Anita - - 2004
The possibility of PGF(2)alpha production and presence of prostaglandin F synthase (PGFS; PGD(2) 11-ketoreductase) was studied in control and oxytocin (OT)-stimulated myometrial slices isolated from cyclic (Days 14-16) and early pregnant (Days 14-16) sows. Oxytocin (10(-7) M) stimulated (p<0.01) PGF(2)alpha production in both cycling and early pregnant myometrial slices. Prostaglandin ...
Rich Monica - - 2004
This study aimed to explore the lactating woman's perceptions and experiences of physical exercise. Utilising quantitative and qualitative measures, six lactating women (average age = 31.6 years) who had recently given birth and were engaging in regular exercise, took part in open-ended, semi-structured interviews and questionnaires which focused on their ...
Cox Richard H - - 2004
The purpose of this investigation was to study the effects of an acute bout of aerobic exercise on state anxiety of women while controlling for iron status (hemoglobin and serum ferritin). Participants were 24 active women, ages 18-20 years (n = 12) and 35-45 years (n = 12). In addition ...
Costa Rosa Luis F. B. P. - - 2004
Exercise has been widely believed to be a preventive and therapeutic aid in the treatment of various pathophysiological conditions such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. A common problem associated with such pathologies is cachexia, characterized by progressive weight loss and depletion of lean and fat body mass, and is linked ...
Turner Jane - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This pilot project assessed the acceptability of a mixed-type, moderate-intensity exercise programme following breast cancer treatment, and the impact on presence of lymphoedema, fitness, body composition, fatigue, mood and quality of life. METHODS: Ten women completed the programme and measures of fitness (sub-maximal ergometer test), body composition ...
Väänänen Ilkka - - 2004
The effects of daily repeated prolonged exercise on gonadotrophin levels and mood states were studied in six physically active army officers participating in a 4-day march totaling 185 km. We hypothesized that submaximal daily repeated prolonged exercise may disturb the balance of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, which could be determined from ...
Annesi James J - - 2004
This study assessed and contrasted mood changes associated with a 10-wk moderate exercise program in 64 formerly sedentary women of different ages. Analyses of covariance, with Week 1 mood scores as the covariates, indicated that the younger exercise group (n=32; M age=33 yr.) and older exercise group (n=32; M age=63 ...
Oldervoll L M - - 2004
Physical exercise as an intervention in cancer patients has attracted increasing interest. This review examines the published randomised controlled trials on physical exercise, during and after cancer treatment, focusing primarily on recruitment of patients, patient compliance, content of the intervention programmes and outcome measures. We performed systematic searches of PubMed, ...
Sarbak John Michael - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Techniques for augmentation mammaplasty commonly involve incisions through at least a portion of the pectoralis major muscle. The effects of implant position and surgical release of the muscle origin have not been thoroughly addressed. OBJECTIVE: In this study the authors report on a group of female athletes, for whom ...
Christopher Kimberly A - - 2004
Approximately 8.9 million cancer survivors live in communities across the United States. As advances in cancer therapy continue to improve survival rates, this number will increase. Nurses in community, ambulatory, and rehabilitative settings are challenged to meet the rehabilitative needs of this population. Research indicates that exercise interventions can improve ...
Huttunen Pirkko - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study deals with the effects of regular winter swimming on the mood of the swimmers. METHODS: Profile of Mood State (POMS) and OIRE questionnaires were completed before (October) and after (January) the four-month winter swimming period. RESULTS: In the beginning, there were no significant differences in the mood ...
Sklan Ella H - - 2004
Anxiety involves complex, incompletely understood interactions of genomic, environmental, and experience-derived factors, and is currently being measured by psychological criteria. Here, we report previously nonperceived interrelationships between expression variations and nucleotide polymorphisms of the chromosome 7q21-22 acetylcholinesterase-paraoxonase 1 (ACHE-PON1) locus with the trait- and state-anxiety measures of 461 healthy subjects ...
Symons Downs Danielle - - 2004
Limited research examines women's beliefs about the value of exercise and their actual exercise behaviors during pregnancy and postpartum. A retrospective study of 74 postpartum women was conducted to examine women's behavioral, normative, and control beliefs about exercising during pregnancy and postpartum and to determine their most salient beliefs. In ...
Meston Cindy M - - 2004
Research indicates hysterectomy surgery may adversely affect the pelvic autonomic nerves and autonomic mechanisms are integral to the sexual arousal response in women. This study explored the possibility that women who undergo hysterectomy may experience an impaired vasocongestive response to erotic stimulation. Thirty-two women with a history of benign uterine ...
Broman-Fulks Joshua J - - 2004
Anxiety sensitivity is a known precursor to panic attacks and panic disorder, and involves the misinterpretation of anxiety-related sensations. Aerobic exercise has been shown to reduce generalized anxiety, and may also reduce anxiety sensitivity through exposure to feared physiological sensations. Accordingly, 54 participants with elevated anxiety sensitivity scores completed six ...
Davydov Dmitry M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study examined women's moods on work and off days during different phases of the menstrual cycle. METHOD: Self-reports of the moods angry, happy, sad, stressed, tired, and anxious were obtained on two work and two off days during the luteal and follicular phases of the menstrual cycle in ...
Motl Robert W - - 2004
The present study examined the effects of low- and high-intensity cycling exercise on the H-reflex and state anxiety among men having low (n=20) or high (n=20) trait anxiety. Participants completed measures of state anxiety and underwent elicitation and recording of the H-reflex in the soleus muscle before and 10 min ...
Ghoncheh Shahyad - - 2004
This study compared the psychological effects of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and yoga stretching (hatha) exercises. Forty participants were randomly divided into two groups and taught PMR or yoga stretching exercises. Both groups practiced once a week for five weeks and were given the Smith Relaxation States Inventory before and ...
Courneya K S - - 2003
We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effects of a home-based exercise intervention on change in quality of life (QOL) in recently resected colorectal cancer survivors, most of whom were receiving adjuvant therapy. Participants were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to either an exercise (n = 69) ...
Paisley Theodore S - - 2003
Attitudes toward exercise during pregnancy have changed dramatically over the past 20 years. Recent studies show that, in most cases, exercise is safe for both the mother and fetus during pregnancy, and support the recommendation to initiate or continue exercise in most pregnancies. This report discusses the rationale behind the ...
McTiernan Anne - - 2003
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to examine the role of exercise randomized clinical trials and other intervention studies in defining the associations between physical activity and cancer prevention. METHODS: To accomplish this, data from published randomized clinical trials and other intervention studies were reviewed and summarized. RESULTS: There ...
Blanchard Chris M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The present study examined the association between quality of life (QOL) in adult cancer survivors and the (a) absolute current amount of exercise and (b) change in exercise since cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Three hundred fifty-two (mean age = 59.6) adult cancer survivors recruited from outpatient clinics in four states ...
Coleman Elizabeth Ann - - 2003
Fatigue and insomnia are problems for patients with cancer. Research findings show that aerobic exercise decreases cancer-related fatigue. Because patients with cancer who have skeletal muscle wasting may not obtain maximum benefit from aerobic exercise training, exercise programs may need to include resistance training. Thus far, testing exercise as an ...
Clapp James F JF - - 2003
Sustained bouts of maternal exercise during pregnancy cause an acute reduction in oxygen and nutrient delivery to the placental site. The decreased flow also initiates a slight fall in intervillous and fetal pO2 which initiates a fetal sympathetic response. This, coupled with hemoconcentration and improved placental perfusion balance, maintains fetal ...
Netz Yael - - 2003
The results of most recent studies have generally indicated an improvement in mood after participation in aerobic exercise. However, only a few researchers have compared mindful modes of exercise with aerobic exercise to examine the effect of 1 single session of exercise on mood. In the present study, the authors ...
Dimeo Fernando - - 2003
Fatigue and impaired physical performance are common and sometimes serious problems of cancer patients during and after treatment. To avoid fatigue, cancer patients are often advised to rest and downregulate their daily activities. However, these recommendations can cause paradoxical results. Since inactivity induces muscular wasting, prolonged rest can result in ...
O'Hagan Kathleen P - - 2003
The uterine artery blood flow (UtBF) and renal sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) responses to treadmill exercise were evaluated in 12 nonpregnant (NP) and 17 term pregnant (P) rabbits. UtBF was monitored continuously with a Transonic flowprobe. Rabbits underwent three exercise trials (5-min duration) that varied in absolute workload. The rise ...
Phatak Mrunal S - - 2003
A study of changes in lung function tests during pregnancy was undertaken in fifty pregnant women beginning from third month of gestation. Fifty nonpregnant age and height matched women formed the controls. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Timed Vital Capacity (FEV1), Inspiratory Capacity (IC), Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV) and peak Expiratory ...
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