Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1154
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Kinoshita S - - 1999
In recently reported cases of ventricular parasystole, it was shown that after exercise the parasystolic cycle length is prolonged, in contrast to a shortening of the sinus cycle length, whereas during standing the parasystolic cycle length and the sinus cycle length both shortened. In this report, to explore whether the ...
Schuchert A - - 1999
The Autocapture function controls and optimizes the output of the ventricular pulse amplitude automatically. For this reason an automatic test has to be performed during follow-up to measure the evoked response signal and lead polarization for the calculation of the appropriate evoked response sensitivity setting. The aim of the study ...
Aytemir K - - 1999
The study investigated the differences in five different formulae for heart rate correction of the QT interval in serial electrocardiograms recorded in healthy subjects subjected to graded exercise. Twenty-one healthy subjects (aged 37+/-10 years, 15 male) were subjected to graded physical exercise on a braked bicycle ergometer until the heart ...
Swan H - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to evaluate the QT interval and heart rate responses to exercise and recovery in gene and mutation type-specific subgroups of long QT syndrome (LQTS) patients. BACKGROUND: Reduced heart rate and repolarization abnormalities are encountered among long QT syndrome (LQTS) patients. The most common types of ...
Kass D A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy with supranormal systolic ejection and distal cavity obliteration (HHCO) can result in debilitating exertional fatigue and dyspnea. Dual-chamber pacing with ventricular preactivation generates discoordinate contraction, which can limit cavity obliteration and thereby increase potential ejection reserve. Accordingly, we hypothesized that pacing may improve exercise tolerance ...
Fotuhi P C - - 1999
The defibrillation threshold is markedly reduced very early following the initiation of ventricular fibrillation. The purpose of this study was to determine if the same finding holds true for atrial defibrillation. Sustained, reproducible AF was induced with programmed atrial pacing using acetyl-beta-methylcholine chloride (40-640 microL/min) in six adult sheep (heart ...
Wu T J - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The critical mass for human ventricular fibrillation (VF) and its electrical determinants are unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between repolarization characteristics and critical mass for VF in diseased human cardiac tissues. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight native hearts from transplant recipients were studied. The ...
Komori S - - 1999
Exercise seldom provokes tachycardia in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). This report presents a case of exercise-induced uncommon atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) with sick sinus syndrome. Treadmill exercise testing provoked AVNRT of long RP' with good reproducibility. Uncommon AVNRT was confirmed by the lack of atrial pre-excitation during ...
Davey P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: QT interval shortens with exercise. Some of this shortening is due to an increase in heart rate, and some is due to other effects of exercise, probably mostly neuroendocrine effects. Data from subjects with cardiac transplants have suggested that non-heart rate-related changes in QT interval on exercise are due ...
Davey P P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study QT interval. QT interval is frequently measured, though there is variation in the literature as to whether it is more appropriate to measure from the Q wave to the apex of the T wave, which is methodologically easy, or to measure to the end of the T ...
Choy A M - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the extent of drug-induced QT prolongation by dofetilide is greater in sinus rhythm (SR) after cardioversion compared with during atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Anecdotes suggest that when action potential-prolonging antiarrhythmic drugs are used for AF, excessive QT prolongation ...
Halle M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The measurement of QT dispersion in the surface electrocardiogram is a noninvasive method used for assessing inhomogeneity of myocardial repolarization. Elevated QT dispersion is found in myocardial disease and is associated with an increased incidence of arrhythmic events. QT dispersion is also increased in myocardial hypertrophy secondary to systemic ...
Davey P - - 1999
To reassess QT interval rate correction. The QT interval is strongly and inversely related to heart rate. To compare QT intervals between different subjects with different heart rates requires the application of a QT interval rate correction formula. To date these formulae have inappropriately assumed a fixed relation between QT ...
Ommen S R - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment effects of septal myectomy with dual-chamber pacing in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for symptomatic patients with drug-refractory HOCM is unknown. Both dual-chamber pacing and surgical myectomy may result in subjective symptom improvement. However, ...
Ishikawa T - - 1999
QT interval may change when cardiac function is improved by optimizing the atrioventricular the (AV) delay. The relationship between AV delay, QT interval and cardiac function in patients with implanted DDD pacemakers was studied in 12 patients (aged 71+/-12 SD years) with complete or high degree AV block. Cardiac output ...
Lin L J - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The circuitry underlying AV nodal reentry remains debated. We developed a model of AV nodal reentry and assessed the role of nodal inputs, compact node, and its posterior nodal extension (PNE) in this phenomenon. METHODS AND RESULTS: A fine scanning of short coupling interval range with an atrial premature ...
Sugiyama A - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the monophasic action potentials (MAPs) technique can be applied to detect delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs). The canine isolated, blood-perfused ventricular septum preparation was used to obtain stable MAP signals (n = 8). The preparation was electrically driven by trains of 15 stimuli ...
Weissenburger J - - 1999
Observations of torsades de pointes during therapy with terfenadine and astemizole has raised concern about the cardiac safety of non-sedating H1-antagonist agents. We compared cetirizine, another compound of that class, to D-sotalol and to astemizole in a model of acquired long QT syndrome. Open-chest surgery was performed in adult beagle ...
Meine M - - 1999
To develop a dromotropic-controlled rate adaptive algorithm for patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) and intact AV conduction, 14 pace-maker patients with SSS underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). During exercise, the pace-maker was programmed in an AAT mode without rate adaptation, whereby 3 patients developed supraventricular arrhythmia and 11 patients ...
Kitahata H - - 1999
We evaluated whether ventricular pacing is possible using pacing electrodes attached to a transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) probe in 20 patients undergoing elective cardiovascular surgery. A bipolar pacing lead was fixed with silicone adhesive anteriorly to the TEE probe with the distal electrode 25 mm from the TEE probe tip. The ...
Schimpf R - - 1999
Internal atrial defibrillation (IAD) is able to restore sinus rhythm in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and failed external electrical and/or pharmacologic cardioversion. To assess whether cardiorespiratory and hemodynamic function improve after IAD, 35 patients were prospectively investigated during constant workload exercise by spiroergometry and Doppler echocardiography before IAD, ...
Wiegand U K - - 1999
Atrial undersensing occurs in a considerable number of patients, both with single lead VDD pacemakers and with DDD devices. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic efficacy of electrocardiographic methods and autodiagnostic pacemaker features to detect atrial sensing dysfunction. Two hundred and thirty-one patients with AV block ...
Moleiro F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Few studies have dealt with the behavior of the corrected (QTc) and uncorrected QT intervals during exercise and recovery. HYPOTHESIS: Based on previously published dynamics of the QT interval during treadmill testing, this study attempted to reevaluate the computer-proposed underlying mechanisms of these dynamics and to determine whether the ...
Mazgalev T N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Postganglionic vagal stimulation (PGVS) by short bursts of subthreshold current evokes release of acetylcholine from myocardial nerve terminals. PGVS applied to the atrioventricular node (AVN) slows nodal conduction. However, little is known about the ability of PGVS to control ventricular rate (VR) during atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Panou F K - - 1999
Fifteen hypertensive patients (13 men) with left ventricular hypertrophy, mean age 69 6 5 years, having complete heart block and paced in the DDD mode, were studied by two-dimensional and Doppler echo in 100 and 200 ms atrioventricular delays. ANF plasma levels were measured at rest and at peak exercise, ...
Clémenty J - - 1999
The gold standard for rate modulation is the sinus node. To improve the rate modulation provided by artificial sensors, new sensors have to be developed or 2 different sensor systems can be combined within a single device. Association combination of a sensor with a rapid-response fast-rate increase sensor (activity) and ...
Reiss R A - - 1999
Atrial fibrillation in young or middle-aged active patients can often be managed with medication. Evaluation should address associated conditions and predisposing factors such as idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, congenital heart disease, hyperthyroidism, excess alcohol or other drug use, and exercise-induced catecholamine release. Diagnostic studies may include an ECG, ...
Joglar J A - - 1999
Dry-electrode heart rate monitors allow display of heart rate by transmitting a signal to the receiving device, which typically is on the wrist or exercise machine, but due to the potential for electromagnetic interference, their use has been contraindicated in patients with pacemakers. In 12 patients, we found no adverse ...
Seki A - - 1999
1. The class Ic anti-arrhythmic agent, flecainide is known to inhibit the transient outward K current (Ito) selectively in human atrium. We studied the effects of propafenone, another class Ic antiarrhythmic agent, on K currents in human atrial myocytes using a whole-cell voltage-clamp method. 2. Propafenone inhibited both Ito and ...
Qian L - - 1999
Gastric pacing has received increasing attention recently. However, few studies have systematically assessed the effect of pacing on gastric dysrhythmias. The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of gastric pacing on gastric dysrhythmia and to explore whether the effect of gastric pacing was mediated via cholinergic nerves. ...
Tse H F - - 1999
Accurate detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is essential for appropriate operation of an implantable atrial defibrillator (IAD). However, during episodes of sinus tachycardia, distinction between AF and sinus rhythm (SR) using the "quiet interval" and "baseline crossing" analysis in the detection algorithm of the IAD may be difficult. The efficacy ...
Ellenbogen K A - - 1999
Pacemaker lead technology has changed considerably over the past decades. The widespread use of low polarization highly porous electrodes and steroid elution electrodes has resulted in low chronic pacing thresholds, as well as a decrease in the incidence of exit block. Efforts to develop pacing leads with high impedance might ...
Barold H S - - 1999
Although changes in autonomic tone affect ventricular defibrillation, little is known about the effect of increased parasympathetic or sympathetic tone on the atrial defbrillation threshold. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of reflexly increased parasympathetic and increase alpha- and beta-adrenergic tone on the atrial defibrillation threshold (ADFT), atrial fibrillation was induced ...
de Chillou C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation of atrioventricular accessory pathway is widely used to cure patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The site of successful ablation is determined using electrophysiological parameters, endocavitary bipolar electrogram measurements being the most commonly used. Interobserver reproducibility of these measurements may limit the reliability of ablation criteria based upon ...
Schwaab B - - 1998
In 42 patients (26 men, 16 women; mean age 69 +/- 10 years), who were paced and medicated with antiarrhythmic drugs for the bradycardia tachycardia syndrome, chronotropic response and AV conduction with rapid atrial pacing during exercise were studied. Patients were included if they had no second- or third-degree AV ...
Clémenty J - - 1998
The aim of this study was to assess the long-term performance of a new dual chamber rate responsive pacing system based on the dynamic measurement of the peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) index of cardiac contractility. Seventy patients who participated in the Multicenter European Clinical Evaluation were studied 1 year after ...
Sharp C T - - 1998
When developing an exercise program for pacemaker patients, basic information about the pacemaker must be understood. Atrial, ventricular, and dual-chamber devices can produce varying exercise responses and impact the exercise prescription. The type of rate adaptive sensor the pacemaker has will affect the nature of heart rate response, and therefore, ...
Bonnet J L - - 1998
The minute ventilation is known to be one of the most physiological indicators of exercise. A curvilinear relationship between VE and the normal sinus rhythm (NSR) has been demonstrated in healthy patients. The aim of this study is to show that a pacemaker based on a VE sensor can reproduce ...
Simantirakis E N - - 1998
This study examined the acute and long-term effects of DDD pacing on ergospirometric parameters and neurohormonal activity in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). We studied eight patients (five males), aged 56 +/- 7 years, with HOCM refractory to drugs. In all patients a DDD pacemaker was implanted and programmed ...
Celiker A - - 1998
Rate adaptive pacemakers are used to achieve a better cardiac performance during exercise by increasing the heart rate and cardiac output. The ideal rate adaptive sensor should be able to mimic sinus node modulation under various degrees of exercise and other metabolic needs. Minute ventilation sensing has proven to be ...
Haenggeli A - - 1998
Some cochlear implant patients achieve better speech recognition with pulsatile electrical stimulation presented at high rates. The present study aimed to explore, in an animal model of cochlear implants, how the excitability of the cochlear nerve is affected by pulsatile electrical stimulation delivered at high rates, of up to 1,000-2,000 ...
Athill C A CA Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 1998
The characteristics of transmembrane potential (TMP) at the core of functional reentry in the atrium are not well understood. In protocol 1 (11 dogs), isolated perfused canine right atria were mapped from the endocardial surface while simultaneous TMPs were recorded from the epicardial surface. Episodes of reentry (n=64) were induced ...
Lampert Rachel - - 1998
Two strategies for treatment of atrial fibrillation in the elderly include rate control with anticoagulation, or cardioversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm. Rate controlling agents include digoxin, calcium blockers, and b-blockers, most effective during exercise, or nonpharmacologic control with AV nodal ablation and pacemaker implantation. Agents to maintain sinus rhythm ...
Staniforth A D - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To compare the value of a series of cardiovascular measurements in patients with symptomatic disease receiving an effective treatment (rate responsive pacing). PATIENTS: 12 pacemaker dependent patients with VVIR units. INTERVENTIONS: Single blind crossover between VVI and VVIR. OUTCOME MEASURES: Exercise capacity was assessed by treadmill tests (modified Bruce ...
Haennel R G - - 1998
The effects of sensor selection and sensor blending on the cardiovascular response to graded exercise was evaluated in 10 patients (age 74 +/- 2 yrs; 7 men and 3 women) implanted with a dual sensor rate adaptive VVIR pacemaker (Vitatron Topaz model 515). Patients underwent three graded exercise tests (GXT) ...
Leung S K - - 1998
The use of combined sensors and advanced algorithms using different principles can improve rate performance over a single sensor system. Combinations of sensors and more sophisticated algorithms, however, invariably increase the complexity of pacemaker programming. An automatically optimized combined minute ventilation and activity DDDR pacemaker was developed to minimize repeated ...
Morsi A - - 1998
The purpose of this paper is the assessment of sinus node competence over time in patients with isolated atrioventricular block (AV block). Patients implanted with AV synchronous pacemakers for isolated AV block between December 1993 and June 1995 were prospectively evaluated at predischarge, 6 weeks, and subsequent 6 months follow-up ...
Danilovic D - - 1998
The aim of the study was to investigate pacing impedance (PI) behavior in ambulatory patients. Eighteen atrial and 18 ventricular tined steroid eluting leads with 1.2-mm2 and 5.6-mm2 electrodes were implanted in 20 patients. At 9-27 months after implantation PI was measured automatically by means of additional algorithms downloaded via ...
Constable P - - 1998
Cardiac chamber enlargement and hypertrophy are normal physiologic responses to repetitive endurance exercise activity in human beings and domestic dogs. Whether similar changes occur in wild animals as a consequence of increased activity is unknown. We found that free-ranging gray wolves (Canis lupus, n = 11), the archetypical endurance athlete, ...
Windecker S - - 1998
Mixed venous oxy-hemoglobin saturation (MVO2) is a physiological variable with several features that might be desirable as a control parameter for rate adaptive pacing. Despite these desirable characteristics, the long-term reliability of the MVO2 sensor in vivo is uncertain. We, therefore, designed a study to prospectively evaluate the long-term performance ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >