Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1154
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Watanabe Ichiro - - 2002
The effect of rapid atrial pacing on the rate adaptation of the atrial action potential duration was studied in humans. The right atrial monophasic action potential (RAMAP) of 5 patients was recorded before and after 30 min of rapid atrial pacing. The pacing cycle length (CL) was 146 +/- 9 ...
Rashba Eric J - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: T wave alternans (TWA) is a heart rate-dependent marker of vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmias. Atrial pacing and exercise both are used as provocative stimuli to elicit TWA. However, the prognostic value of the two testing methods has not been compared. The aim of this prospective study was to compare ...
Manfredini Roberto - - 2002
The aim of this study was to examine 24h patterning in the symptoms indicative of third-degree atrio-ventricular (AV) heart block. We found a total of 227 cases (126 men and 101 women) of third-degree AV block that had been diagnosed by the Emergency Medical Department of the St. Anna Hospital ...
Zhong Ning - - 2002
AIM: To study the effects of 1-(2,6-dimethylphenoxy)-2-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl-ethylamino) propane hydro-chloride (DDPH) on the rapidly activating component (I(Kr)), and the slowly activating component (I(Ks)) of the delayed rectifier potassium current (I(K)) in guinea pig ventricular myocytes. METHODS: Whole-cell patch clamp recording techniques. RESULTS: DDPH (0.1-100 micromol/L) blocked the I(Kr) in a concentration-dependent ...
Davey Patrick - - 2002
Much inter- and intra-subject variability in the QT interval in health and disease is accounted for by differences in heart rate, leading to difficulties when determining the effects of disease and drugs on the QT interval. Traditionally, heart rate correction formulae have been used to overcome this problem in man. ...
Yamane Teiichi - - 2002
BACKGROUND:The pulmonary veins (PVs) have been shown to trigger paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The relationship of anatomical dimensions versus arrhythmogenicity has not been assessed. METHODS: The diameters of four PVs were measured by selective PV angiography before ablation in 39 consecutive patients (23 male, mean age 46 years) with only one ...
Rinaldi C A - - 2002
The beneficial use of biventricular pacing is reported in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and intraventricular conduction delay. This resulted in improvements in symptomatic status and exercise tolerance that may be related to cardiac resynchronisation. The improvement in symptoms by biventricular pacing in a patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and intraventricular ...
Kannankeril Prince J - - 2002
Depressed parasympathetic tone is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Exercise and the postexercise recovery period, which are associated with parasympathetic withdrawal, are high risk periods for sudden death. However, parasympathetic effects on cardiac electrophysiology during exercise and recovery have not been described. Electrophysiology studies were performed ...
Garrigue Stephane - - 2002
The rate responsiveness of a single chamber, accelerometer-based pacemaker with an autocalibration function (Opus G VVIR pacemaker, ELA Medical) was studied with a daily life protocol developed to automatically optimize the programming of accelerometer-based sensors. This new sensor was compared with two other body activity sensors that were manually optimized ...
Türker K S - - 2002
Synchronous discharges between a pair of concurrently active motoneurones are thought to arise from the spike-triggering effects of synaptic inputs shared by the pair. Although there are a number of quantitative indices that have been developed to estimate the strength of this common input, there is still some debate as ...
Hall G Martin - - 2002
We demonstrate that alternans in small pieces of in vitro paced bullfrog (Rana Catesbeiana) myocardium can be suppressed by making minute adjustments to the pacing period in response to real time measurements of the action potential duration. Control is possible over a large range of physiological conditions over many animals ...
Vogel Michael - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We have demonstrated that myocardial acceleration during isovolumic contraction (IVA) is a sensitive index of left ventricular contractile function. In this study, we assessed the utility of IVA to measure right ventricular (RV) contractile function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 8 pigs by using tissue Doppler imaging of the ...
Severi Stefano - - 2002
The importance of plasma electrolytes and pH levels in determining heart rate is not yet well grounded. Hemodynamic and biochemical data were collected during 8 purely diffusive hemodialysis, which allowed changes in extracellular fluid to be achieved without eliciting notable changes in the autonomic control of heart rate. A significant ...
Carbone Vincenzo - - 2002
In a patient with right bundle branch block occurring on alternate beats during regular sinus rhythm, the conduction disturbance disappeared during hyperventilation induced increase in heart rate, and reappeared with slight slowing of the sinus rate due to carotid sinus massage. The following mechanisms are potentially involved in the electrogenesis ...
van Campen Linda C M C - - 2002
In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), rate responsive pacing is considered to be contraindicated because an increase in heart rate may increase oxygen demand. Although previous studies have shown no subjective increase in ischemia during rate responsive pacing, data from objective assessment have not been documented. The goal of ...
Hexamer Martin P R - - 2002
Chronotropic incompetent patients are unable to adapt their heart rate adequately to the level of exertion. One treatment for this disease is a rate-responsive pacemaker that stimulates the heart at a rate proportional to an exertion-related variable derived from an implemented sensor (e.g., ventilation). The atrio-ventricular conduction time (AVCT), which ...
Silvetti M S - - 2002
Late survival after Mustard repair of transposition of the great arteries is generally good but is often characterized by progressive deterioration of ventricular function and by late postsurgical arrhythmias, thus imposing the need for permanent pacing. To evaluate how chronic pacing affects long-term exercise capacity, we compared two groups of ...
Altunkeser Bülent B - - 2002
It is known that the QT interval is longer in women than men. Estrogen is reported to account for the QT interval prolongation in several studies conducted with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in postmenopausal women. Along with this, there are conflicting data as regards the effects of HRT on QT ...
Vieweg W Victor R - - 2002
This article reviews cardiac electrophysiology, with a focus on the assessment of the electrocardiographically determined corrected QT (QTc) interval and its role as a marker for potentially life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias such as torsades de pointes. Presently, using the QTc interval as a surrogate for polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is handicapped, in ...
Such L - - 2002
We have studied the intrinsic modifications on myocardial automatism, conduction, and refractoriness produced by chronic exercise. Experiments were performed on isolated rabbit hearts. Trained animals were submitted to exercise on a treadmill. The parameters investigated were 1) R-R interval, noncorrected and corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRT) as automatism index; ...
Cheng C W - - 2001
To facilitate the use of multileaf collimator (MLC) in field shaping, we tested the hypothesis that the changes in the penumbra due to MLC replacing a Cerrobend block can be related to a change in the margin of the block. We also investigated if it is possible to estimate the ...
Freedman R A - - 2001
There are few practical guidelines for proper adjustment of rate responsive pacemaker sensor parameters. This study describes the application of the chronotropic assessment exercise protocol (CAEP) and the Wilkoff model of chronotropic response to assess the adjustment of pacemaker sensor parameters. In 31 patients implanted 1 month previously with a ...
Shin J W - - 2001
Rate-adaptive pacemakers use information from sensors to change the rate of heart stimulation. Until now, fuzzy-pacemaker algorithms have been used to combine inputs from sensors to improve heart rate control, but they have been difficult to implement. In this paper, a pacemaker algorithm which controlled heart rate adaptively by motion ...
Schwaab B - - 2001
In 19 patients paced and medicated for bradycardia tachycardia syndrome (BTS), AAIR and DDDR pacing were compared with regard to quality of life (QoL), atrial tachyarrhythmia (AFib), exercise tolerance, and left ventricular (LV)function. Patients had a PQ interval < or = 240 ms during sinus rhythm, no second or third ...
Egawa H - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prolongation of QT interval and QT dispersion (QTD) may be associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias. This study was designed to investigate the effects of right or left stellate ganglion block (SGB) on RR interval, QT interval, the rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval, QTD and the rate-corrected ...
Khairy P - - 2001
Modern pacemakers offer many programming options regarding the AV interval including the ability to vary AV intervals depending on whether atrial activity is paced or spontaneous and to shorten AV intervals with increasing rates. To determine if optimization of these features improves exercise tolerance, 14 patients with intact sinus node ...
Matsushita T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Accelerated junctional rhythm (AJR) has been considered as a sensitive but rather nonspecific marker of successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation of slow pathway in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, AJR also occurs commonly during isoproterenol infusion. We therefore investigated the effect of isoproterenol on the significance of ...
Tada H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of double potentials (DPs) that are helpful in guiding ablation within the cavo-tricuspid isthmus. BACKGROUND: Double potentials have been considered a reliable criterion of cavo-tricuspid isthmus block in patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation of typical atrial flutter (AFL). However, the ...
Zhang Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: His electrogram (HE) amplitude and morphology changes were observed in our previous studies during transition from "fast" to "slow" atrioventricular nodal (AVN) conduction. This phenomenon and its significance for the dual-AVN electrophysiology are not well recognized and have not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experiments were performed on 17 ...
Kasaoka Y - - 2001
We describe a case of symptomatic pseudo-AV block due to His-bundle parasystole masquerading as exercise-induced 2:1 AV block. Electrophysiologic study revealed the presence of His-bundle parasystole, and the fluctuation of parasystolic cycle length could be explained by the concept of modulated parasystole. Modulated parasystole is a possible explanation for maintenance ...
Bode F - - 2001
This case report describes a patient with complete AV block and a VDD pacemaker who experienced repetitive episodes of symptomatic bradycardia. Episodes occurred due to activation of an automatic beat-to-beat mode switch algorithm. After mode switch to VDI operation, the pacemaker failed to immediately switch back to AV synchronous pacing ...
Benatar A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in four formulae for heart rate correction of the QT interval in serial ECG recordings in healthy children undergoing a graded exercise test. SUBJECTS: 54 healthy children, median age 9.9 years (range 5.05-14.9 years), subjected to graded physical exercise (on a bicycle ergometer or treadmill) ...
Wang S H - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Linking-related anterograde functional bundle branch block during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is due to repetitive concealed retrograde conduction of impulses from the contralateral bundle branch and can be eliminated by a critically timed premature ventricular beat (PVB). We assessed the electrophysiologic characteristics of PVB-induced dissipation of functional bundle branch block ...
Pladys P - - 2001
The objective was to test an effect of atenolol independent of heart rate on electrocardiographic RT rate adaptation by investigating RT adaptation during spontaneous rate and after an abrupt change of atrial rate (study of RT delay). Digital electrocardiograms were recorded from eight conscious dogs. Analysis of RT interval (measured ...
Vandergoten P - - 2001
Chronotropic incompetence is generally defined as an inadequate heart rate response to exercise, but manifestations can vary. The incidence depends on underlying cardiac pathology and, to a lesser degree, on the cut-off value of the predicted heart rate during exercise. Different pathologies induce chronotropic incompetence. Its presence indicates an adverse ...
Tse H F - - 2001
1. Rapid ventricular rate (VR) and rhythm irregularity during atrial fibrillation (AF) impair cardiac performance. Although digoxin has been widely used in patients with AF, its efficacy for the control of VR and rhythm irregularity is unsatisfactory. Whether low-dose amiodarone is more effective remains unclear. 2. We randomized 16 patients ...
Chapman N - - 2001
Electrocardiographic (ECG) QT intervals and dispersion correlate with echocardiographic left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in groups of selected essential hypertensives. We tested the strength of this relationship in a large group of unselected hypertensives to assess whether QT measurements may be a simple screening test for LVH in clinical practice. ...
Patel P M - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged arrhythmic or paced ventricular activation causes persistent changes in myocardial conduction and repolarization that may result from altered electrotonic current flow, for which gap junctional coupling is the principal determinant. Remodeling of gap junctions and their constituent connexins modifies conduction and has been causally implicated in reentrant arrhythmogenesis. ...
Van Campen C M - - 2001
During single lead VDD pacing, loss of atrial sensing is reported to be 2%-11% of patients in the literature. The impact on quality-of-life and exercise duration has never been established. This study tried to assess the clinical relevance of loss of atrial sensing in patients with single lead VDD pacemakers. ...
Clémenty J - - 2001
AIMS: Preliminary studies have shown that peak endocardial acceleration (PEA), measured by a micro-accelerometer at the right ventricular apex, is highly correlated with left ventricular contractility (dp/dt max). Furthermore, changes in PEA are closely correlated with sinus node rate changes during exercise and during pharmacological interventions. Peak endocardial acceleration has, ...
Watanabe K - - 2001
The present study examined the ability of dual-chamber (DDD) pacing to improve symptoms and exercise tolerance in patients with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HNCM). Seven patients with HNCM who had failed to benefit from pharmacotherapy participated in the study. The New York Heart Association (NHYA) functional class status and exercise tolerance, ...
Lin L J - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: The properties and substrates of slow and fast AV nodal pathway remain unclear. This applies particularly to the slow pathway (SP), which is largely concealed by fast pathway (FP) conduction. We designed a new FP ablation approach that exposes the SP over the entire cycle length range and allows ...
Suzuki S - - 2001
We discovered that the coupling beat interval from a slow to a tachycardiac pacing period considerably affected the pattern of the beat-to-beat alternation of the tachycardia-induced sustained contractile alternans. We analyzed the relationship between the coupling interval and the pattern and amplitude of the alternans in the isovolumic left ventricle ...
Lang C C - - 2001
In cardiac disease, abnormalities exist in the rate-corrected QT interval and the relationship between QT and heart rate. The QT/RR relationship is known to be dynamic and show circadian variation. The availability of automated methods for measurement of QT and RR intervals allows monitoring of the QT/RR relationship and may ...
Hesse B - - 2001
PURPOSE: Complete left bundle branch block is a well-established independent risk factor for mortality, but the prognostic importance of right bundle branch block is unclear. We determined whether left and right bundle branch block was associated with all-cause mortality risk after adjustment for potential confounders, including clinical, exercise, and nuclear ...
Prech M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess to what extent patients with VVIR pacemakers and without overt symptoms of a pacemaker syndrome benefit from a pacemaker upgrade, and if a preoperative noninvasive measurement of the change in stroke volume (SV) could predict the effect of a pacemaker upgrade. The ...
Levy T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the importance of rhythm regulation or rate control in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) and normal left ventricular function. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Thirty six patients with a mixed fast and slow ventricular response rate to their AF were randomised to either His bundle ablation (HBA) and ...
Nayebpour M - - 2001
Ajmaline is a well-known atrioventricular (AV) node depressant agent, but its effects on functional properties of the AV node and on experimental AV re-entrant tachycardia have not been explored. The aims of the present study were (1) to determine whether ajmaline administration modifies the rate-dependent properties of the AV node ...
Mayuga K A - - 2001
Although gender differences in resting corrected QT intervals have been well documented, the effects of age and exercise on gender differences in QT have not been well characterized. Data were analyzed from 91 healthy volunteers (47 women). Forty-five young subjects (aged 20 to 39 years) and 46 older subjects (61 ...
Schwartz P J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is caused by mutations on several genes, all of which encode cardiac ion channels. The progressive understanding of the electrophysiological consequences of these mutations opens unforeseen possibilities for genotype-phenotype correlation studies. Preliminary observations suggested that the conditions ("triggers") associated with cardiac events may in ...
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