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Results 301 - 350 of 1133
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Freedman R A - - 2001
There are few practical guidelines for proper adjustment of rate responsive pacemaker sensor parameters. This study describes the application of the chronotropic assessment exercise protocol (CAEP) and the Wilkoff model of chronotropic response to assess the adjustment of pacemaker sensor parameters. In 31 patients implanted 1 month previously with a ...
Shin J W - - 2001
Rate-adaptive pacemakers use information from sensors to change the rate of heart stimulation. Until now, fuzzy-pacemaker algorithms have been used to combine inputs from sensors to improve heart rate control, but they have been difficult to implement. In this paper, a pacemaker algorithm which controlled heart rate adaptively by motion ...
Schwaab B - - 2001
In 19 patients paced and medicated for bradycardia tachycardia syndrome (BTS), AAIR and DDDR pacing were compared with regard to quality of life (QoL), atrial tachyarrhythmia (AFib), exercise tolerance, and left ventricular (LV)function. Patients had a PQ interval < or = 240 ms during sinus rhythm, no second or third ...
Egawa H - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prolongation of QT interval and QT dispersion (QTD) may be associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias. This study was designed to investigate the effects of right or left stellate ganglion block (SGB) on RR interval, QT interval, the rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval, QTD and the rate-corrected ...
Khairy P - - 2001
Modern pacemakers offer many programming options regarding the AV interval including the ability to vary AV intervals depending on whether atrial activity is paced or spontaneous and to shorten AV intervals with increasing rates. To determine if optimization of these features improves exercise tolerance, 14 patients with intact sinus node ...
Matsushita T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Accelerated junctional rhythm (AJR) has been considered as a sensitive but rather nonspecific marker of successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation of slow pathway in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). However, AJR also occurs commonly during isoproterenol infusion. We therefore investigated the effect of isoproterenol on the significance of ...
Tada H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of double potentials (DPs) that are helpful in guiding ablation within the cavo-tricuspid isthmus. BACKGROUND: Double potentials have been considered a reliable criterion of cavo-tricuspid isthmus block in patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation of typical atrial flutter (AFL). However, the ...
Zhang Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: His electrogram (HE) amplitude and morphology changes were observed in our previous studies during transition from "fast" to "slow" atrioventricular nodal (AVN) conduction. This phenomenon and its significance for the dual-AVN electrophysiology are not well recognized and have not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experiments were performed on 17 ...
Kasaoka Y - - 2001
We describe a case of symptomatic pseudo-AV block due to His-bundle parasystole masquerading as exercise-induced 2:1 AV block. Electrophysiologic study revealed the presence of His-bundle parasystole, and the fluctuation of parasystolic cycle length could be explained by the concept of modulated parasystole. Modulated parasystole is a possible explanation for maintenance ...
Bode F - - 2001
This case report describes a patient with complete AV block and a VDD pacemaker who experienced repetitive episodes of symptomatic bradycardia. Episodes occurred due to activation of an automatic beat-to-beat mode switch algorithm. After mode switch to VDI operation, the pacemaker failed to immediately switch back to AV synchronous pacing ...
Benatar A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in four formulae for heart rate correction of the QT interval in serial ECG recordings in healthy children undergoing a graded exercise test. SUBJECTS: 54 healthy children, median age 9.9 years (range 5.05-14.9 years), subjected to graded physical exercise (on a bicycle ergometer or treadmill) ...
Wang S H - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Linking-related anterograde functional bundle branch block during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is due to repetitive concealed retrograde conduction of impulses from the contralateral bundle branch and can be eliminated by a critically timed premature ventricular beat (PVB). We assessed the electrophysiologic characteristics of PVB-induced dissipation of functional bundle branch block ...
Pladys P - - 2001
The objective was to test an effect of atenolol independent of heart rate on electrocardiographic RT rate adaptation by investigating RT adaptation during spontaneous rate and after an abrupt change of atrial rate (study of RT delay). Digital electrocardiograms were recorded from eight conscious dogs. Analysis of RT interval (measured ...
Vandergoten P - - 2001
Chronotropic incompetence is generally defined as an inadequate heart rate response to exercise, but manifestations can vary. The incidence depends on underlying cardiac pathology and, to a lesser degree, on the cut-off value of the predicted heart rate during exercise. Different pathologies induce chronotropic incompetence. Its presence indicates an adverse ...
Tse H F - - 2001
1. Rapid ventricular rate (VR) and rhythm irregularity during atrial fibrillation (AF) impair cardiac performance. Although digoxin has been widely used in patients with AF, its efficacy for the control of VR and rhythm irregularity is unsatisfactory. Whether low-dose amiodarone is more effective remains unclear. 2. We randomized 16 patients ...
Chapman N - - 2001
Electrocardiographic (ECG) QT intervals and dispersion correlate with echocardiographic left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in groups of selected essential hypertensives. We tested the strength of this relationship in a large group of unselected hypertensives to assess whether QT measurements may be a simple screening test for LVH in clinical practice. ...
Patel P M - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged arrhythmic or paced ventricular activation causes persistent changes in myocardial conduction and repolarization that may result from altered electrotonic current flow, for which gap junctional coupling is the principal determinant. Remodeling of gap junctions and their constituent connexins modifies conduction and has been causally implicated in reentrant arrhythmogenesis. ...
Van Campen C M - - 2001
During single lead VDD pacing, loss of atrial sensing is reported to be 2%-11% of patients in the literature. The impact on quality-of-life and exercise duration has never been established. This study tried to assess the clinical relevance of loss of atrial sensing in patients with single lead VDD pacemakers. ...
Clémenty J - - 2001
AIMS: Preliminary studies have shown that peak endocardial acceleration (PEA), measured by a micro-accelerometer at the right ventricular apex, is highly correlated with left ventricular contractility (dp/dt max). Furthermore, changes in PEA are closely correlated with sinus node rate changes during exercise and during pharmacological interventions. Peak endocardial acceleration has, ...
Watanabe K - - 2001
The present study examined the ability of dual-chamber (DDD) pacing to improve symptoms and exercise tolerance in patients with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HNCM). Seven patients with HNCM who had failed to benefit from pharmacotherapy participated in the study. The New York Heart Association (NHYA) functional class status and exercise tolerance, ...
Lin L J - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: The properties and substrates of slow and fast AV nodal pathway remain unclear. This applies particularly to the slow pathway (SP), which is largely concealed by fast pathway (FP) conduction. We designed a new FP ablation approach that exposes the SP over the entire cycle length range and allows ...
Suzuki S - - 2001
We discovered that the coupling beat interval from a slow to a tachycardiac pacing period considerably affected the pattern of the beat-to-beat alternation of the tachycardia-induced sustained contractile alternans. We analyzed the relationship between the coupling interval and the pattern and amplitude of the alternans in the isovolumic left ventricle ...
Lang C C - - 2001
In cardiac disease, abnormalities exist in the rate-corrected QT interval and the relationship between QT and heart rate. The QT/RR relationship is known to be dynamic and show circadian variation. The availability of automated methods for measurement of QT and RR intervals allows monitoring of the QT/RR relationship and may ...
Hesse B - - 2001
PURPOSE: Complete left bundle branch block is a well-established independent risk factor for mortality, but the prognostic importance of right bundle branch block is unclear. We determined whether left and right bundle branch block was associated with all-cause mortality risk after adjustment for potential confounders, including clinical, exercise, and nuclear ...
Prech M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess to what extent patients with VVIR pacemakers and without overt symptoms of a pacemaker syndrome benefit from a pacemaker upgrade, and if a preoperative noninvasive measurement of the change in stroke volume (SV) could predict the effect of a pacemaker upgrade. The ...
Levy T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the importance of rhythm regulation or rate control in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) and normal left ventricular function. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Thirty six patients with a mixed fast and slow ventricular response rate to their AF were randomised to either His bundle ablation (HBA) and ...
Nayebpour M - - 2001
Ajmaline is a well-known atrioventricular (AV) node depressant agent, but its effects on functional properties of the AV node and on experimental AV re-entrant tachycardia have not been explored. The aims of the present study were (1) to determine whether ajmaline administration modifies the rate-dependent properties of the AV node ...
Mayuga K A - - 2001
Although gender differences in resting corrected QT intervals have been well documented, the effects of age and exercise on gender differences in QT have not been well characterized. Data were analyzed from 91 healthy volunteers (47 women). Forty-five young subjects (aged 20 to 39 years) and 46 older subjects (61 ...
Schwartz P J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is caused by mutations on several genes, all of which encode cardiac ion channels. The progressive understanding of the electrophysiological consequences of these mutations opens unforeseen possibilities for genotype-phenotype correlation studies. Preliminary observations suggested that the conditions ("triggers") associated with cardiac events may in ...
Sternick E B - - 2001
Concealed AP with Slow and Incremental Conduction. We report a peculiar form of permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia that occurs only during daytime and physical activity. ECG obtained during tachycardia showed an unusual progressive shortening of the ventriculoatrial (VA) interval that was maximal at the first complex and shortest at the ...
Sato K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To clarify the clinical significance of QT dispersion and the longest QT intervals (L-QTc) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: ECGs, clinical features, and laboratory data were analyzed in 38 patients with SAH (R) and 30 with unruptured cerebral aneurysms (U). Standard 12-lead ECGs obtained on admission were ...
Howes C J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia affecting the elderly. Although the risk of cardioembolic stroke is well defined, the effects of chronic atrial fibrillation on exercise tolerance and quality of life have been less well quantified. Methods: We compared a group of 52 elderly patients with chronic atrial ...
Newton J C - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies showed that pacing atrial and ventricular fibrillation (VF) is possible. The studies presented here determined which parameters influence the efficacy of a pacing train to capture fibrillating ventricular myocardium. Electrode type, current strength, order of pacing trains, polarity, and VF morphology preceding the pacing trains were investigated. ...
Kochiadakis G E - - 2001
AIMS: To compare the effects of sotalol and metoprolol on heart rate, during isotonic (ITE) and isometric (IME) exercise and daily activities, in digitalized patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study had a randomized, single-blinded, crossover design. Twenty-three patients with chronic atrial fibrillation received placebo for 4 ...
Provenier F - - 2000
The Autocapture feature, implemented in the Microny and Regency pacemakers of St. Jude Medical, continuously controls the effectiveness of ventricular stimulation by detection of the evoked response. Proper sensing of this signal depends on the magnitude of the polarization, which should be minimal. Therefore, the conjunctive use of low polarization ...
Gögelein H - - 2000
Chromanol HMR 1556 [(3R,4S)-(+)-N-[3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-6-(4,4,4-trifluorobutoxy)chroman-4-yl]-N-methylmethanesulfonamide], a novel inhibitor of the slow component of the delayed outward current in heart muscle cells (IKs), has been characterized in several in-vitro systems. mRNA encoding for the human protein minK was injected into Xenopus oocytes, leading to the expression of IKs channels. HMR 1556 inhibited ...
Israel C W - - 2000
Rate-adaptive pacing has been shown to improve exercise capacity in patients with chronotropic incompetence. However, all sensors used to adapt the pacing rate to meet metabolic demands show typical limitations. To overcome these, concepts using 2 sensors for rate adaptation have been developed, combining an unspecific but fast-reacting sensor with ...
Braith R W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronotropic incompetence is one cause of diminished exercise capacity in heart transplant recipients. If reinnervation occurs, it often is late after transplantation and is not always accompanied by functional improvements in peak heart rate and appropriate tachycardia during exercise. To determine the efficacy of rate-responsive pacing on peak heart ...
Page E - - 2000
Cardiopulmonary exercise tests are frequently used to test rate responsive pacemakers. The chronotropic assessment exercise protocol (CAEP) has been specifically proposed for the evaluation of rate responsive pacing systems. A mathematical method, based on CAEP measurements, was developed with a view of normalizing the exercise induced metabolic response. CAEP was ...
Pladys P - - 2000
The objective was to test if changes in autonomic tone still influenced the RT-RR relationship when full RT adaptation is completed, when heart rate is controlled, and when beat-to-beat variability is abolished by atrial pacing. Eight dogs (8-11 kg) were chronically instrumented with atrial pacing electrodes. Digital ECG (1,000 Hz, ...
Yi G - - 2000
Premature sudden cardiac death (SD) is a critical event in the natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and occurs during or just after physical exertion in approximately 60% of instances. Abnormalities in ventricular repolarization may not be present at rest in some patients but may become apparent under certain conditions. ...
Zabel M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The study was done to determine whether variables of QT dispersion from the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) are dependent on heart rate. BACKGROUND: The dispersion of the QT interval is under evaluation as a risk marker in patients at risk for ventricular arrhythmias. Assuming that a similar rate correction is ...
Leung S K - - 2000
Peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) measured by an implantable acceleration sensor inside the tip of a pacing lead reflects ventricular filling and myocardial contractility. The contribution of the plateau phase of PEA as an indicator of optimal ventricular filling, hence of the appropriate atrioventricular interval (AVI) at rest and during exercise, ...
Meine M - - 2000
The evaluation of the heart rate response to exercise is important for the diagnosis of chronotropic incompetence and the assessment of a rate responsive algorithm of sensor-controlled pacemakers. The aim of the present study was to examine a classification of the chronotropic response at an individually moderate exercise level. Sixteen ...
White R L - - 2000
To examine the relationship between mitochondrial NADH (NADH(m)) and cardiac work output, NADH(m) and the amplitude and frequency of the contractile response of electrically paced rat heart cells were measured at 25 degrees C. With 5.4 mM glucose plus 2 mM beta-hydroxybutyrate, NADH(m) was reversibly decreased by 23%, and the ...
Peralta A O - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study the rate related effects of sotalol on myocardial contractility and to test the hypothesis that the class III antiarrhythmic effect of sotalol has a reverse use-dependent positive inotropic effect in the intact heart. BACKGROUND: Antiarrhythmic drugs exert significant negative inotropic effects. Sotalol, a beta-adrenergic blocking ...
Ndrepepa G - - 2000
Linear lesions (LL) represent an option for curing of atrial fibrillation (AF) with ablation techniques. Methods and Results: In 11 sheep (w. 72+/-16 kg), LL were created with radiofrequency ablation in the lateral, posterior and septal walls of the right atrium (RA). AF was induced before and after LL with ...
Burri H - - 2000
To determine the characteristics of QT interval dispersion using orthogonal ECG leads with high paper speed (100 mm/s) and high voltage gain (10 cm/mV) as compared to conventional 12-lead ECG, we measured the QT dispersion in 57 patients at rest and directly after exercise using these two techniques. The measurements ...
Mansfield C S - - 2000
A six-year-old Staffordshire bull terrier had a four-week history of progressive lethargy, ascites and exercise intolerance. A mass 3 cm in diameter obliterating the right atrial lumen was detected by echocardiographic examination. There were lactescent pericardial and serosanguineous pleural effusions. Histological and immunochemical examinations showed that the mass was a ...
Ijiri H - - 2000
We used a cardiopulmonary test to assess the physiological benefit of single lead VDD pacing in ten patients (six men, four women; aged 32-84 years, mean 69 years) with atrioventricular block. Maximal symptom-limited treadmill exercise test using a ramp protocol was performed under VDD and VVIR or VVI pacing (VVI) ...
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