Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1154
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Surmely Jean-François - - 2005
A 19-year-old woman presented with decreased exercise tolerance 3 years after orthotopic heart transplantation. Exercise capacity was severely reduced, with a maximal workload of 84 W, corresponding to 56% of the predicted value. After exclusion of other causes, insufficient heart rate response to exercise was considered as the major contributor ...
Li Cuilan - - 2005
The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the short-term effects of surgical left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) on the QT interval and heart rate in patients with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS). Left cardiac sympathetic denervation was performed in five LQTS patients who had a history of ...
Tsukahara Kimio - - 2005
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is known to be a critical syndrome associated with a bizarre T wave, prolonged QT interval, and ventricular arrhythmias and is followed by syncope and/or sudden death. Body surface mapping, especially QRST isointegral departure mapping, was used after exercise to assess exercise-induced repolarization changes in ...
Ducroq Joffrey - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Ziprasidone, an atypical antipsychotic has been shown to be devoid of cardiac adverse effects in spite of its propensity to prolong the QT-interval via a hERG current inhibition. However, the effects of ziprasidone on the action potential (AP) parameters have not been published yet. Moreover, very little information is ...
Takagi Yasuhiro - - 2005
This case report describes a 37-year-old man with manifest atriofascicular and fasciculoventricular connections who developed complete atrioventricular block. After resumption of 1:1 atrioventricular conduction, an electrophysiological study was conducted. During sinus rhythm, manifest ventricular preexcitation was observed and the AH and HV intervals were 80 msec and 50 msec, respectively. ...
Rubio Jose Amador - - 2005
A patient who had been previously diagnosed with congenital complete atrioventricular block (CCAVB) twenty years ago developed atrioventricular (AV) conduction through an accessory pathway (AP). With enhanced sympathetic tone (exercise, isoproterenol), 1:1 conduction down the AP occurred. An electrophysiologic study confirmed a suprahissian AV block and the presence of an ...
Patton Kristen K KK Cardiac Arrhythmia Service and Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2005
In the face of increasing evidence of underlying genetic heterogeneity for lone atrial fibrillation (LAF), we undertook a clinical analysis of subjects to identify the phenotypic subsets of this arrhythmia. We evaluated serial patients who presented with LAF between July 5, 2001 and December 19, 2003. Subjects underwent a standardized ...
Lüthje L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate ICD therapy for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) remains a significant problem. A morphology-based algorithm (Wavelet) compares baseline and tachycardia electrograms (EGM). For this analysis different EGM sources can be programmed. This study evaluates the performance of Wavelet using two different EGM configurations (SVC-Can and RV-Can) for the detection of ...
Scharf Christoph - - 2005
BACKGROUND: During cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), cardiac performance is dependent on an optimized atrioventricular delay (AVD). However, the optimal AVD at different heart rates has not been defined yet during CRT. METHOD: The effects of an increase in heart rate by pacing or physical exercise on optimal AVD were studied ...
Castellanos Agustin - - 2005
This article deals with the tracings of a patient having episodes of atrial flutter with 4:1 atrioventricular (AV) block increasing to 8:1 AV block. This phenomenon was attributed to the coexistence of 3-level block due to transverse dissociation with 2:1 AV block in the most proximal level, or first level ...
Li Jian - - 2005
Although after pacing animal and human studies have demonstrated a rate-dependent effect of sotalol on ventricular repolarization, there is little information on the effects of sotalol on ventricular repolarization during exercise. This study attempted to show the effects of sotalol on ventricular repolarization during physiological exercise. Thirty-one healthy volunteers (18 ...
Krantz Mori J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: During the starvation phase of anorexia nervosa (AN), cardiac and skeletal muscle mass decreases, whereas electrocardiographic QT dispersion, a marker of arrhythmia risk, increases. QT dispersion during the chronic phase of AN and its relationship to resting metabolic rate (RMR) have not been described previously and is the subject ...
Ferasin L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the ventricular rate response of rate-adaptive (VVIR) pacemakers in dogs using a multi-stage exercise test. METHODS: The rate-responsiveness of VVIR pacemakers was assessed in seven dogs with complete atrioventricular (AV) block and implanted with various models of pulse generators (six motion sensors and one automatic dual-sensor rate-response ...
Vollmann Dirk - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether the spatial distribution of the atrial refractory period (AERP) and the vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF) are altered by long-term changes in the sequence of atrial activation. BACKGROUND: The spatial distribution of the AERP plays an important role in AF. ...
Nakamoto Tomoko - - 2005
A complex balance between extrinsic neural and intrinsic mechanisms is responsible for regulating atrioventricular (AV) conduction. We hypothesized that atrial excitation interval is shortened during dynamic exercise by extrinsic cardiac autonomic activity and that if AV conduction time responds inversely to fluctuation in atrial rhythm, ventricular excitation interval will be ...
Gonzalez Mario D - - 2005
Rate-dependent block in the sinus venosa. INTRODUCTION: Whether the crista terminalis or the sinus venosa result in rate-dependent block during transverse activation of the right atrial activation remains unknown. In the present study, right atrial activation at different cycle lengths was studied in the swine heart using high-resolution noncontact mapping ...
Aiba Takeshi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We examined the cellular and ionic mechanism for QT prolongation and subsequent Torsade de Pointes (TdP) and the effect of verapamil under conditions mimicking KCNQ1 (I(Ks) gene) defect linked to acquired long QT syndrome (LQTS). BACKGROUND: Agents with an I(Kr)-blocking effect often induce marked QT prolongation in patients with ...
Neuberger Hans-Ruprecht - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atrial dilatation is an important risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). In the present study, we monitored the electrophysiological changes during progressive atrial dilatation in chronically instrumented goats. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 8 goats, 2 screw-in leads with piezoelectric crystals were implanted transvenously in the right atrium. After 2 ...
Schuster Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The rate response of a pacemaker (PM) was compared with the sinus rate in patients during repeated exercise tests, at different settings of the rate response parameters. METHODS AND RESULTS: In patients with paroxysmal sick sinus syndrome (n=3) or atrioventricular block (n=8), a rate responsive PM was implanted. The ...
Erol-Yilmaz Ayten - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Programmable pacemaker sensor features are frequently used in default setting. Limited data are available about the effect of sensor optimization on exercise capacity and quality of life (QOL). Influence of individual optimization of sensors on QOL and exercise tolerance was investigated in a randomized, single blind study in patients ...
Cook Linnea - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of the heart rate (HR) response to exercise is important for the assessment of the rate response algorithm of sensor-controlled pacemakers. This study examined the effects of a right ventricular impedance sensor driven pacemaker on the cardiovascular responses to incremental exercise in pacemaker dependent patients. METHODS: Twelve ...
Kok Lai Chow - - 2005
Pacing chronaxie can increase over time. The impact of a short pulse duration on threshold (THR) variations, frequency of noncapture episodes, and overall patient safety has not been fully studied. AutoCapture (AC) pacemakers are capable of memorizing THR trends and loss of capture (LOC) episodes. The study included 20 recipients ...
Tang Liang - - 2005
Protein C (PC), protein S (PS), antithrombin III, and plasminogen are four important anticoagulants in blood plasma. Deficiency of any of these biomolecules may lead to thrombo-embolic complications including lung embolism, heart attack, and stroke. A multi-factor sensing system is beneficial for identifying the cause of abnormal blood clotting more ...
Wolpert Christian C 1st Department of Medicine-Cardiology, University Hospital Mannheim, Mannheim, - - 2005
The principal aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of quinidine in suppressing IKr in vitro and in modulating the rate dependence of the QT interval in the "SQT1" form of the short QT syndrome. Graded-intensity bicycle exercise testing was performed off drug in three patients and during ...
Extramiana Fabrice - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The short-QT syndrome is a new clinical entity characterized by corrected QT intervals <300 ms and a high incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and fibrillation (VF). Gain-of-function mutations in the gene for outward potassium currents have been shown to underlie the congenital syndrome. The present study examined the cellular ...
Hexamer M - - 2004
Patients suffering from chronotropic incompetence are generally treated with a rate-responsive pacemaker that stimulates the heart at a rate derived from a strain related sensor signal. The pacemaker concept described here uses a well-defined time interval in the electrogram as sensor parameter (AVCT: atrio-ventricular conduction time). AVCT is directly controlled ...
Sanders Rob - - 2004
Following AVN ablation, eight dogs were surgically instrumented for chronic (continuous) HIS-bundle pacing. For data collection, implanted pacemakers were transiently programmed to pace in stepwise ascending ramps at rates from 50 to 200 beats/min in 30-beat/min steps. Each rate was held for 60 seconds. At each rate, ECG signals were ...
Zhang Hao - - 2004
AIM: To study the effect of capsaicin on carotid sinus baroreceptor activity (CBA). METHODS: The functional curve of carotid baroreceptor (FCCB) was constructed and the functional parameters of carotid sinus baroreceptor were measured by recording sinus nerve afferent discharge in anesthetized rats with perfused isolated carotid sinus. RESULTS: Low-concentration of ...
Erol-Yilmaz Ayten - - 2004
There are limited data about the chronotropic capacity of the peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) sensor. This study directly compared the chronotropic function from the PEA and the activity (ACT) sensor. The study included 18 patients (age 73 +/- 7 years) with > or = 75% pacemaker-driven heart rate (HR) and ...
Gelzer Anna R M - - 2004
BQ-123, a selective endothelin-A receptor antagonist, has been demonstrated to suppress arrhythmias. However, the role of physiologic levels of endogenous endothelin-1 (ET-1) with respect to electrophysiologic properties of the heart is unknown. BQ-123 (0.45, 0.9, 1.8, 3.6, 7.2, and 14.4 microg/kg/min; n = 10) or saline (control, n = 5) ...
Levinger Itamar I Southern Cross University , Lismore NSW 2480, - - 2004
The Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) has been used as a supplementary tool for prescription of exercise training intensity for healthy and special populations. Despite the wide use of the RPE scale, there is an inconsistency regarding the accuracy of that scale for chronic heart failure (CHF) patients treated with ...
Chauhan Vijay S - - 2004
Sudden intense physical activity is a trigger for ventricular arrhythmias in long QT syndrome (LQTS), and beta-blockers (B) reduce the risk of ventricular arrhythmias in LQTS. We compared the effect of graded (gradual intensity) versus burst (sudden intensity) exercise on QT-rate adaptation and T wave complexity in LQTS + B ...
Choi Bum-Rak - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The restitution hypothesis proposes that adaptation of cardiac action potential duration (APD) to rate changes is a predictor of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Conventional restitution kinetics plots the APD of a premature beat as a function of the previous diastolic interval (DI), and VF vulnerability is related to how rapidly ...
Hexamer M - - 2004
The cardio-circulatory system of chronotropic incompetent patients is unable to adapt heart rate adequately to the level of strain. A common therapy is the implantation of a pacemaker that stimulates the heart at a rate derived from a strain related sensor signal. The paper describes a new pacemaker concept that ...
Dixit Sanjay - - 2004
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is often initiated by pulmonary vein (PV) depolarizations. However, sustained PV firing (PVF) is infrequently observed in this population and has not been characterized. In 15 patients undergoing AF ablation we report the response of sustained PVF to pacing and pharmacological maneuvers. Sustained PVF was defined as ...
Mletzko Ralph - - 2004
Inappropriate therapy remains an important limitation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). PARAD+ was developed to increase the specificity conferred by the original PARAD detection algorithm in the detection of atrial fibrillation (AF). To compare the performances of the two different algorithms, we retrospectively analyzed all spontaneous and sustained episodes of ...
De Pauw M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial contractility is regulated by adrenergic stimulation, the strength-length relationship and the force-frequency relationship or Bowditch effect. The latter mechanism was clearly demonstrated in muscle strips, in the isolated heart as well as in in-vivo experiments. The aim of this study was to further investigate the role of the ...
Gaudio C - - 2004
A 82-years-old man, symptomatic for fatigue and lypothymia, was referred to our centre in order to evaluate the opportunity of a permanent pacemaker insertion. A 12-lead ECG was described as a Mobitz type II second-degree atrioventricular block with 2:1 conduction. This surface ECG revealed some sinus beats with normal AV ...
Urao Norifumi - - 2004
A patient with idiopathic long QT syndrome had repeated syncopal episodes. The QTc interval on the electrocardiogram at rest was 530 ms and was prolonged by exercise up to 740 ms with T wave alternation. Intravenous epinephrine (0.1 microg/kg weight per min), but not isoproterenol (0.7 microg/min), produced early after ...
Dilaveris Polychronis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ibutilide is used for the pharmacologic cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter (AFl). Ibutilide-induced QT interval prolongation has been demonstrated previously. However, its effects on vectorcardiographic (VCG) descriptors of ventricular repolarization (VR) have not been studied so far. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the effects of ibutilide on electrocardiographic (ECG) ...
Saxena Ashok K - - 2004
Right stellate ganglion block (SGB) can increase QT interval, rate-corrected QT interval (QTc), QT dispersion (QTD), rate-corrected QTD (QTcD), and RR interval while left SGB can decrease these intervals in healthy volunteers. No such studies have been conducted in patients with chronic pain, hence this study was designed to investigate ...
Ono Takashi - - 2004
In order to elucidate the beat-to-beat changes of the systolic time intervals (STI) during exercise, we proposed new techniques relating to an adaptive filter and detection algorithms for B- and X-points in the impedance cardiograph (ICG). Six male subjects underwent a ramp bicycle exercise up to maximum intensity during which ...
Shan Zhaoliang - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: During atrial fibrillation (AF), there is fractionation of extracellular potentials due to head-to-tail interaction and slow conduction of fibrillation waves. We hypothesized that slowing of the rate of AF by infusion of a Class I drug would increase the degree of organization of AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven goats ...
Matsumoto Miwa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Reduced variability of the ventricular response interval (VRI) has been reported to predict adverse prognosis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). To examine whether it could be related also to the quality of the daily life of patients with AF, the relationships between VRI variability and exercise tolerance, one ...
Kasikcioglu E - - 2004
Screening for cardiac health should involve relevant parameters or indices that are easy and inexpensive to obtain. Various cardiac adaptation mechanisms develop during regular exercise that are affected by many factors, and these are reflected on a surface electrocardiogram. QT dispersion has been considered a surrogate for heterogeneity of repolarization, ...
Barutcu Irfan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Isolated myocardial bridging (MB) often is considered to be an unimportant angiographic finding; however, its association with cardiovascular event has been shown. In this study we aimed to assess exercise-induced electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and susceptibility to arrhythmia in patients with MB. METHOD: 21 consecutive patients who had angiographically proven ...
Banville Isabelle - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The dependence of action potential duration (APD) on the preceding diastolic interval (DI), i.e., restitution, has been purported to predict the development of alternans and reentrant arrhythmias. However, restitution depends on the history of activation (i.e., memory), and its relevance to arrhythmia induction and maintenance is unknown. METHODS AND ...
Nakashima Hideko - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the in vivo electrophysiological effects of a highly selective slow delayed-rectifier K+-current blocker, HMR 1556, to gain insights into the consequences of selectively inhibiting the slow delayed-rectifier current in vivo. METHODS: Atrial and ventricular effective refractory periods, sinus node recovery time, Wenckebach cycle-length, atrial fibrillation duration ...
Hua Fei - - 2004
Previous modeling studies have suggested that the rapid component of the delayed rectifier (I(Kr)) may contribute importantly to action potential dynamics during tachycardia. To test this idea experimentally, I(Kr) was measured as the E-4031-sensitive current in isolated canine endocardial myocytes at 37 degrees C using the perforated patch-clamp technique. Command ...
Schnitz Benjamin A - - 2004
While there is extensive mapping of the spread of electrical activity in the heart, there have been no measurements of electrical and localized mechanical, or contractile, activity. Yet the development of effective treatments for diseases like chronic heart failure and cardiac hypertrophy depend on the ability to quantify improvements in ...
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