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Gwin Joseph T - - 2012
Coherence between electroencephalography (EEG) recorded on the scalp above the motor cortex and electromyography (EMG) recorded on the skin of the limbs is thought to reflect corticospinal coupling between motor cortex and muscle motor units. Beta-range (13-30 Hz) corticomuscular coherence has been extensively documented during static force output while gamma-range ...
Xhauflaire-Uhoda Emmanuelle - - 2011
Background: Sweating is variably altered by physical exercise, diabetic neuropathy and antiperspirants. Methods: Skin temperature, skin surface water loss (SSWL), the Corneometer(®) average capacitance (CMAC) and skin capacitance mapping (SCM) were measured before and after moderate physical exercise in 20 healthy subjects. The effect of 5% aluminium chloride hexahydrate (ACH) ...
Temfemo Abdou - - 2011
Temfemo, A, Carling, C, and Ahmaidi, S. Relationship between power output, lactate, skin temperature and muscle activity during brief repeated exercises with increasing intensity. J Strength Cond Res 24(X): 000-000, 2011-The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between power output, lactate, skin temperature, and quadriceps muscle activity ...
Andrade R - - 2011
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyography index of muscle coactivation of the following muscle pairs: posterior deltoid and pectoralis major (PD/PM); triceps brachii and biceps brachii (TB/BB); and serratus anterior and upper trapezius (SA/UT) during three different closed kinetic chain exercises (wall-press, bench-press and push-up) ...
Martin Caroline - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare tennis matches played on clay (CL) and resin (R) courts. Six matches were played (3 on CL courts and 3 on R courts) by 6 high-level players. Heart rate (HR) was monitored continuously while running time (4.66 m), and blood lactate concentration ...
Muller Matthew D - - 2011
Military and factory work often involves exposure to cold temperatures. With prolonged exposure, individuals report feeling cold and develop pain in their hands, both of which might be alleviated by endogenous heat production via exercise. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how interval (INT) and continuous (CONT) cycle ...
Zhou Yue - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a non-invasive and instant method to evaluate the degree of exercise-induced muscle damage. METHODS: Thirteen male college athletes (23.4±1.0year, 180.03±3.51cm, 75.93±6.70kg) took part in the trial. Measures included serum creatine kinase (CK) after eccentric and endurance exercise, and surface electromyography (sEMG) during knee extension ...
Naqvi Tasneem Z - - 2010
Optimization of atrioventricular delay (AVD) and interventricular delay (VVD) in patients with a biventricular (Biv) pacemaker has been associated with improvement in cardiac output acutely, a reduction in heart failure symptoms, and improved exercise capacity. Several individual echocardiography (echo) Doppler parameters have been used for pacemaker optimization. In this review, ...
Bogaard Margot D - - 2010
Should We Optimize CRT During Exercise? Cardiac resynchronization therapy aims at diminishing cardiac dyssynchrony in patients with heart failure. The effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy can be improved by optimization of the atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular (VV) delays. Currently, optimization of these pacing settings is mainly performed during resting conditions. ...
Sy Raymond W - - 2010
Genotype and Exercise in LQTS. Repolarization dynamics during exercise in patients with long-QT Syndrome (LQTS) may be influenced by various factors such as a patient's genotype. We sought to systematically characterize the repolarization dynamics during exercise in patients with LQTS with a particular focus on the influence of genotype. Three ...
Linton Nick W F - - 2012
A 53-year-old man with previous aortic valve surgery presented with paroxysmal narrow complex tachycardia, induced by exercise. His PR interval was greater than 400 ms when in sinus rhythm and atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) was diagnosed with invasive electrophysiological studies. Single echoes were repeatedly inducible with single-paced extrastimuli. Cryotherapy ...
Bag Asim K - - 2010
The educational objectives for this self-assessment module are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her understanding of the anatomy of the cavernous sinus and clinicoradiologic features of common cavernous sinus diseases.
Zhao Dongdong - - 2011
Framingham Study data indicate an incremental risk of cardiovascular death in relation to low exercise capacity in women. The reason for death is still not clear. QT restitution properties in 80 middle-aged women were investigated to confirm whether the cardiac restitution property was affected by the exercise capacity. Exercise tests ...
Hekkala Anna-Mari - - 2010
The identification of affected family members with long QT syndrome (LQTS) is often difficult due to their normal-or only marginally lengthened-QT interval duration. We examined whether physical exercise test could increase the ability to detect the mutation carrier status in phenotypically normal LQTS family members. Sixty-six subjects were included: 15 ...
Gondoni Luca A - - 2011
This study aims to describe the changes that a period of low-calorie diet and physical training determines in heart rate and in corrected QT (QTc) interval in obese patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and to verify whether it is effective in shortening the QT interval using three different methods ...
Strauss Margit - - 2010
Aim of this study is to evaluate reproducibility, consistency and the impact of moderate exercise workload on optimized PV and VV delays as determined by the IEGM-based QuickOpt™ method (St. Jude Medical), that was shown to produce hemodynamic performance similar to that obtained by echo-guided aortic VTI maximization. Sixty patients ...
Johnson Nils P - - 2010
Exercise and QT dynamics during ambulatory monitoring impact mortality in a variety of populations. Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is a known strong predictor of mortality. This study assessed the independent prognostic significance of the QT response to changing heart rate (QT dynamics) during recovery from exercise. The cohort ...
Uebing Anselm - - 2010
Inappropriate heart rate response to exercise - chronotropic incompetence - and exercise intolerance are common in patients with a systemic right ventricle. We aimed to assess the relationship between heart rate increase, oxygen consumption, and timing of the right ventricular cardiac cycle in this cohort. We prospectively studied nine patients ...
Brown Morgan R - - 2010
This study investigated the influence of performance level and exercise mode on the rowers' pacing strategies. On-water and indoor split times and placements (every 500-m) were obtained from individual 2000-m performances set at the elite, national and sub-elite competitive levels. The data was sorted into indoor (n=580) and on-water exercises ...
Skein Melissa - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of fluid ingestion on pacing strategies and performance during intermittent-sprint exercise in the heat. Nine male rugby players performed a habituation session and 2 x 50-min intermittent-sprint protocols at a temperature of 31 degrees C, either with or without fluid. ...
Wong Jorge A - - 2010
The clinical diagnosis of long-QT syndrome (LQTS) remains challenging when ECG abnormalities are borderline or intermittent. Despite issues with access, cost, and heterogeneity of LQTS mutations, genetic testing remains the diagnostic gold standard for diagnosis of LQTS. We sought to develop a provocative testing strategy to unmask the LQTS phenotype ...
Mujović Nebojsa - - 2010
A 33-year-old woman presented with exercise-related palpitations after an apparently successful catheter-ablation of overt midseptal accessory pathway. Post procedure, the electrocardiogram at rest was normal, while the progressive appearance of delta-wave during treadmill stress testing was recorded. In addition, the occurrence of ventricular preexcitation was reproduced by controlled administration of ...
Gates P - - 2010
This study is the result of the anecdotal observation that a number of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) had noted reversion to sinus rhythm (SR) with exercise.We aimed to evaluate the potential role of exercise stress test (EST) for the reversion of AF. Patients with AF who were scheduled to ...
Guiraud Thibaut - - 2010
Increased QT dispersion (QTd) is a marker of myocardial electrical instability and predicts ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Exercise training (ET) has been shown to reduce both QTd and cardiovascular mortality in various populations. Patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) have been shown to have increased QTd. The effect of ...
Boecker Henning H Fe Klinische Funktionelle Neurobildgebung, radiologische Universitätsklinik, Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, - - 2010
This perspective attempts to outline the emerging role of positron emission tomography (PET) ligand activation studies in human exercise research. By focusing on the endorphinergic system and its acclaimed role for exercise-induced antinociception and mood enhancement, we like to emphasize the unique potential of ligand PET applied to human athletes ...
Mauger Alexis R - - 2010
The aim of this study is to establish whether the introduction of an exercise bout of different distance, would affect the retention of the pacing schema stored from a prior exercise bout. Furthermore, to identify whether the 'internal clock' can be calibrated to absolute distance, and whether this is disrupted ...
Bertini Matteo - - 2009
Current cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices allow manipulation of the atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular (VV) timings in order to maximize the left ventricular (LV) performance. Multiple echocardiographic and non-echocardiographic methods have been proposed to optimize AV and VV intervals but no consensus has been reached on which methodology should preferably ...
Tse Hung-Fat - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The deleterious effects of right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing may offset the potential benefit of ventricular rate (VR) regularization and rate adaptation during an exercise in patient's atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: We studied 30 patients with permanent AF and symptomatic bradycardia who receive pacemaker implantation with RVA (n = ...
Kraaier Karin - - 2009
AIMS: The absence of microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) identifies a group of patients who are at low risk for ventricular arrhythmia or sudden cardiac death. However, in exercised assessed MTWA, 20-40% of all test results are indeterminate. We hypothesised that MTWA during pacing would yield less indeterminate results. METHODS AND ...
Sugiyasu Aiko - - 2009
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) is characterized by polymorphic VT during exercise, and the association of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been reported. However, the mechanism of AF in this disease and the relationship between VT and AF has been obscured. We described a 13-year-old girl who referred for catheter ablation ...
Silberbauer John - - 2009
PURPOSE: The study aim was to validate the closed loop stimulation (CLS) vs. accelerometer (ACC) rate-responsive sensors with electrodes placed in the right ventricular high septal (RVHS) or right ventricular apical (RVA) lead positions in patients following 'ablate and pace' therapy for persistent atrial fibrillation. METHODS: 'Ablate and pace' patients ...
Baron B - - 2011
Thepacing strategy may be defined as the process in which the total energy expenditure during exercise is regulated on a moment-to-moment basis in order to ensure that the exercise bout can be completed in a minimum time and without a catastrophic biological failure. Experienced athletes develop a stable template of ...
Mokrani Bilel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether, in recipients of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) systems, the optimal AV delay should be the same, shorter, or longer during exercise than at rest. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the effects of atrioventricular (AV) delay optimization at rest and during exercise in 50 recipients ...
Tucker R - - 2009
During self-paced exercise, the exercise work rate is regulated by the brain based on the integration of numerous signals from various physiological systems. It has been proposed that the brain regulates the degree of muscle activation and thus exercise intensity specifically to prevent harmful physiological disturbances. It is presently proposed ...
Tucker R - - 2009
The regulation of the pacing strategy remains poorly understood, because much of classic physiology has focused on the factors that ultimately limit, rather than regulate, exercise performance. When exercise is self-paced and work rate is free to vary in response to external and internal physiological cues, then a complex system ...
Passman Rod - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atrial rate-adaptive pacing may improve cardiopulmonary reserve in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: A randomized, blinded, single-crossover design enrolled dual-chamber implantable defibrillator recipients without pacing indications and an ejection fraction < or =40% to undergo cardiopulmonary exercise treadmill stress testing in both atrial rate-adaptive pacing (AAIR) and ventricular ...
Naffe Aster - - 2009
After pacemaker/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (pacemaker/ICD) implantation, patients are often required to immobilize the affected arm with a sling to minimize the risk of lead displacement. We examined whether performing a resistive range-of-motion exercise protocol after pacemaker/ICD surgery would result in lead displacement and, therefore, whether sling immobilization and activity restrictions are ...
Wittmeier Steffen - - 2008
Inspiratory and expiratory rhythms in mammals are thought to be generated by pacemaker-like neurons in 2 discrete brainstem regions: pre-Bötzinger complex (preBötC) and parafacial respiratory group (pFRG). How these putative pacemakers or pacemaker networks may interact to set the overall respiratory rhythm in synchrony remains unclear. Here, we show that ...
Zhang Youhua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Strong vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is routinely used to induce and maintain atrial fibrillation (AF) in acute animal studies. Taken as a surrogate of increased vagal tone, such observations suggest an arrhythmogenic role of VNS in AF. In contrast, VNS has been demonstrated to have profound therapeutic effects in ...
Roux Jean-François - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Targeting of complex fractionated electrograms (CFEs) has been used as an adjunctive strategy to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is unclear whether CFEs should be targeted before or after PVI. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect ...
Liu Hongyan - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation (AF) may cause thrombus formation in the left atrial appendage (LAA). Thrombus formation is associated with LAA endocardial dysfunction. Because asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) can cause endothelial dysfunction by decreasing nitric oxide (NO) formation, we investigated plasma ADMA and nitrite/nitrate (NO(X)) levels and myocardial dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-2 (DDAH-2), protein arginine ...
Laszlo R - - 2008
In rabbit, after short-time rapid atrial pacing (RAP), atrial ion currents are reduced similarly as in human chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). Using the rabbit model, time-course of transient outward potassium current (I(to)) remodeling due to RAP was studied. RAP (600 bpm) was applied via an atrial lead for 0 (control), ...
Berg Kris E - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to describe the pacing strategy of experienced cyclists in a 5-minute maximal exercise bout and to describe selected physiological responses associated with this effort. Six experienced and well-trained competitive cyclists (five males, one female) with a mean (+/-SD) age, height, and mass of 27.0 ...
Hina Kazuyoshi - - 2008
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is theoretically expected to affect repolarization as well as depolarization. We studied the effects of CRT on corrected QT (QTc) dispersion in association with symptomatic improvement. QTc dispersion was analyzed in 26 consecutive patients (67 +/- 6 years old, 18 men and 8 women) who underwent ...
Valzania Cinzia - - 2008
Optimal exercise programming of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices is unknown. We aimed to: (i) investigate variations in optimal atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular (VV) delays from rest to exercise, assessed by both echocardiography and an automated intracardiac electrogram (IEGM) method; (ii) evaluate the acute haemodynamic impact of CRT optimization performed ...
Moe Gordon W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atrial structural remodeling occurs in evolving heart failure (HF) and is an important substrate for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in extracellular remodeling, and recent studies have demonstrated increased atrial MMP activity in HF. Whether increased MMP activity directly contributes to ...
Pilat Eugeniusz - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the use of a double sensor gives additional benefits for patients in improving physical efficiency as well as quality of life (QoL) as compared to the accelerometer sensor alone. METHODS AND RESULTS: The presented research is a prospective, randomized, single-blind ...
Schuchert Andreas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of different pacing strategies to prevent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF): triggered atrial overdrive pacing versus the combination of triggered and continuous overdrive pacing. METHODS: Patients with an indication for dual-chamber pacing (Selection 9000, Prevent AF; Vitatron B.V., Arnhem, the ...
Zhou Tao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure is an effective approach for perimembranous ventricular septal defects (PMVSD). However, atrioventricular blocks (AVB) emerged possibly due to the close proximity of the PMVSD to the conduction system, but concern for the complication was not adequately emphasized. In this study, we report the incidence of AVBs, in ...
Liuba Ioan - - 2008
AIMS: Fractionated electrograms are often noted during mapping of focal atrial tachycardia (FAT). This finding suggests poor cell-to-cell coupling, which is thought to be an important prerequisite in the process of ectopic impulse initiation and propagation. The purpose of the present study was to assess the electrogram fractionation in the ...
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