Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1164
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Tsai W C - - 1997
Torsade de pointes is a serious ventricular arrhythmia which is usually associated with a long QT interval. It is important to recognize the possible predisposing factors for the management of this arrhythmia. Prolongation of the QT interval and torsade de pointes has been reported in patients with an overdose of ...
Hirose M - - 1997
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptors exist, but the physiologic role of PACAP is unclear in the heart in situ. We investigated effects of PACAP-38 on sinus rate and on the negative chronotropic response to acetylcholine (ACh) or stimulation of the intracardiac parasympathetic nerve fibers to the sinoatrial nodal region ...
Wyse D G - - 1997
Measurements were made in 12 normal subjects and during induction of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias in 31 patients with remote myocardial infarction. QT interval measurements were made semiautomatically with computer assistance and the total QT interval was divided into early (QT1) and late (QT2) components. QT intervals and QT interval dispersion ...
Hasegawa A - - 1997
Our objective was to determine the adequate pacing rate during exercise in ventricular pacing by measuring exercise capacity, cardiac output, and sinus node activity. Eighteen patients with complete AV block and an implanted pacemaker underwent cardiopulmonary exercise tests under three randomized pacing rates: fixed rate pacing (VVI) at 60 beats/min ...
Ostermaier R H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia, affecting approximately 1.5 million patients in the United States. HYPOTHESIS: This study was designed to determine the effect of AF and the ventricular rate control during AF on cardiovascular performance as measured by exercise endurance on a standard Bruce protocol. METHODS: ...
Abildskov J A - - 1997
Pause dependent onset of torsades de pointes is characteristic in acquired long QT syndromes, and the probable mechanism is reentry facilitated by increased disparity of refractoriness following a long cycle. Adrenergic dependent onset is usual in familial long QT syndromes, and the mechanism is uncertain. In this study with a ...
Banks R W - - 1997
1. A combined physiological, histological and computer modelling study was carried out on muscle spindles of the cat tenuissimus muscle to examine whether there was any correlation between the functional interaction of putative encoding sites, operated separately by static and dynamic fusimotor neurones, and the topological structure of the preterminal ...
Kligfield P - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to develop a regression-based method for characterization of QT interval behavior during exercise and to define the normal range of the resulting "dynamic" measures of repolarization during submaximal treadmill testing in men and women. BACKGROUND: The Bazett-corrected QT (QTc) interval during exercise has been used as ...
Ismer B - - 1996
Using telemetry, right atrial electrogram (RA), and marker channel of atrial sense events (MA) in combination with the left atrial electrogram (LA), recorded by a filtered bipolar esophageal lead, interatrial conduction during submaximal exercise and at rest was examined in 46 DDD pacemaker patients. The RA-LA and MA-LA conduction times ...
Kamalvand K - - 1996
The new SMARTracking (SMT) algorithm was evaluated in seven patients with the Intermedics Relay DDDR pacemakers and a history of atrial tachyarrhythmias. The SMT algorithm uses the sensor calculated rate to define a physiological band whose upper limit is defined by the SMT rate. Pacemakers were programmed to DDDR with ...
Delay M - - 1996
The SmarTracking (ST) algorithm (Marathon 294-09, Intermedics Inc.) uses the sensor-calculated rate (SCR) to define a "variation band" for the intrinsic sinus rate. If the sinus rate exceeds the upper limit of the band, the ventricular pacing rate is limited by the ST rate (STR) and Wenckebach behavior is observed. ...
Gessman L - - 1996
The AddVent pacemaker generator and model 1328C AV single-pass lead is a new pacemaker system capable of VDD or VDDR modes. The purpose of this study was to present the initial experience with AddVent in the United States and Canada. Between May 10, 1995 and May 3, 1996, 53 devices ...
Leung S K - - 1996
A dual sensor DDDR pacemaker (DX2 Model 7970, Medtronic Inc.) has integrated the rate response of minute ventilation (MV) and activity (ACT) sensors. False rate acceleration by the ACT (constrained upper rate) and MV (cross-checked by ACT) is reduced. We examined the rate response profile and rate kinetics of the ...
Darpö B - - 1996
The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency dependency of the effects of almokalant, a selective class III antiarrhythmic drug, on ventricular repolarization using recordings of monophasic action potentials and measurements of ventricular paced QT intervals. Twenty male volunteers were studied during almokalant infusion aiming at plasma ...
Lau C P - - 1996
The normal sinus rhythm remains the gold standard to compare the rate response of a rate adaptive pacemaker. The aim of this study was to assess an automatically optimized dual sensor system by continuous comparison of the normal sinus (SR) and sensor indicated rates (SIR). Twelve patients with complete heart ...
Lazarus A - - 1996
From November 1994 to October 1995, 63 patients (average age 66 years; 41 men) from 15 centers implanted with the Biotronik Dromos DR and Ergos TC 03 pulse generators were prospectively screened with an exercise test in the DDD mode for the presence of chronotropic incompetence (CI). Both pulse generators ...
Ricci R - - 1996
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new algorithm for automatic mode switching (AMS) from DDD-DDDR to DDIR, 26 patients, 16 females and 10 males, mean age 73 +/- 6 years of age, affected by sinus node disease, chronotropic incompetence, and recurrent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) received the Medtronic ...
Viitasalo M - - 1996
The dynamics and homogeneity of the QT interval have been used as indicators of susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias. We determined the relationship between QT intervals and heart rate during exercise testing and subsequent recovery in 18 healthy children. The QT intervals were measured to the apex (early QT), to the ...
Gentzler R D - - 1996
A new feature (AutoSlope) has been introduced that can automatically adjust the sensor slope based on the chronic activity level of the patient. The algorithm adjusts the slope once per week so that 99% of the sensor response is maintained between the base rate and 23% of the difference between ...
Sulke N - - 1996
Dual sensor ventricular demand rate responsive (VVIR mode) pacing was compared with single sensor rate responsive pacing to assess whether this new development should be more widely incorporated in modern pacemaker devices. A within patient randomized, double-blind crossover study involving ten patients, mean age 67.4 years (70% male), had Medtronic ...
Moracchini P V - - 1996
We compared the atrial and ventricular bio-electrical effects relating to pacing threshold, pacing impedance, and pacing energy in each of 58 patients to determine the importance of pacing impedance in safe low energy stimulations. The study was conducted during 4 years of follow-up. Of the 58 patients in our study, ...
Janse M J - - 1996
During A-V nodal reentry the impulse is supposed to travel through two distinct pathways in the A-V nodal junction, called slow and fast pathways. Clinically, catheter ablation of these pathways has been very successful in abolishing A-V nodal reentrant tachycardias. So-called double potentials have been used as a marker for ...
Ishii R - - 1996
We have studied the effects of adenosine-induced hypotension on A-H interval (atrioventricular (AV) nodal conduction time during sinus rhythm), St-H interval (intra-atrial plus AV nodal conduction time during atrial pacing), H-V interval (His-Purkinje conduction time) and H-S interval (total ventricular conduction time) by His-bundle electrocardiography in addition to surface electrocardiogram ...
Deharo J C - - 1996
The aim of this study was to compare DDD and dual sensor VVIR (activity and QT) pacing modes in complete AV block (CAVB). Eighteen patients (14 men and 4 women, aged 70 +/- 6.5 years) implanted with a dual chamber, dual sensor pacemaker for CAVB with normal sinus node chronotropic ...
Antman E M - - 1996
Management of atrial fibrillation is a common and complex clinical problem. Two major treatment strategies have emerged: suppression of recurrences versus control of ventricular rate and anticoagulation to reduce the risk of stroke. Maintaining sinus rhythm offers the hemodynamic benefits of improving ventricular performance and exercise capacity but may expose ...
Drago F - - 1996
Reciprocating supraventricular tachycardia may have several clinical presentations, with symptoms often more severe during exercise or emotional stress. This study shows by using transesophageal atrial pacing, the factors related to syncope during exercise. Between May 1989 and June 1994, transesophageal atrial pacing was performed at rest and during exercise in ...
Gjini V - - 1996
We studied the effect of two new class II antiarrhythmics, ambasilide and dofetilide, on the action potential duration (APD) of guinea pig right ventricular papillary muscle at different extracellular potassium concentrations ([K+e]) and pacing frequencies. Under normal [K+e], both drugs significantly prolonged APD90 (APD at 90% repolarization) at 0.5 Hz. ...
Celiker A - - 1996
The efficacy of a new single-chamber, rate-responsive pacemaker that utilizes information from two sensors, activity and stimulus to T wave, was evaluated in 15 children during a mean follow-up period of 10.3 +/- 3.3 months (range 5-16 months). There were 10 males and five females, with a mean age of ...
Lau C P - - 1996
By cross-checking the relative sensor activation between a nonspecific and specific sensor during extraneous interference, a multisensor rate adaptive pacemaker may be able to limit inappropriate rate responses. The effects of activity (ACT) sensor programming on rate response kinetics of a QT and ACT dual sensor VVIR pacemaker with sensor ...
Osswald S - - 1996
Rate adaptive pacing has been shown to improve hemodynamic performance and exercise tolerance during acute testing. However, there remain concerns about its benefit in daily life and possible complications incurred by unnecessary pacing. This double-blind crossover study compared the benefit of rate adaptive (SSIR) versus fixed rate (SSI) pacing under ...
Zhao J - - 1996
The characteristics and functional origin of the changes in transient atrioventricular (AV) nodal responses with heart rate history were studied in isolated rabbit heart preparations. For this purpose, ramp stimulation sequences were applied to the atrium from different initial conditions. A ramp decrease and increase in the His-stimulus interval and ...
Strickberger S A - - 1996
INTRODUCTION: AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is not always reproducibly inducible. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms responsible for the lack of reproducible induction of AVNRT. METHODS AND RESULTS: The induction of AVNRT was assessed with atrial burst pacing, and with atrial and ventricular programmed stimulation, ...
Ma J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the exercise hemodynamic benefits of activity-sensing rate adaptive ventricular pacing (VVIR) over fixed rate pacing (VVI) mode. METHODS: Activity sensing rate adaptive pacemaker was implanted in 19 patients (13 males and 6 females, mean age 54.8 years) with bradycardia. All patients underwent symptom-limited upright bicycle exercise in ...
Theodorakis G N - - 1996
The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical, adrenergic and endocrine factors that could predict sinus rhythm maintenance after direct current cardioversion in chronic atrial fibrillation. Nineteen patients with chronic non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation (mean duration 6 +/- 5 months) were studied. They were exercised 24 h before cardioversion at ...
Fei H - - 1996
We used eight adjustable preparations in which the canine atrial tricuspid rings were cut and reconnected electronically by sensing activation on one side of the cut and pacing the other after an adjustable delay. A long delay resulted in a long cycle length (CL) and excitable gap (EG) during reentry. ...
Aizawa Y - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Monomorphic sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) can often be entrained and interrupted at a critical paced cycle length. The aim was to evaluate a possible determinant of this phenomenon by observing the action of mexiletine on the critical paced cycle length and other variables. METHODS: Nine consecutive patients with symptomatic ...
Rodefeld M D - - 1996
Intraatrial reentrant tachycardia, or atrial flutter, is a common postoperative problem after Fontan repair, which involves an atriopulmonary connection. A modification of Fontan repair, total cavopulmonary connection, minimizes the portion of the right atrium exposed to stretch and hypertension; however, atrial flutter continues to occur after this procedure. We postulated ...
Page R L - - 1996
This study examined the complex interaction between vagal enhancement and how a concealed atrial impulse alters atrioventricular (AV) nodal function. In theory, vagal augmentation could increase or decrease the effect that a premature atrial beat has on the subsequent beat. In 10 patients we established the AV nodal effective refractory ...
Stark U - - 1996
Detajmium (4--3'-diethylamino-2'-hydroxypropyl--ajmalin) is an Na(+)-channel-blocking drug with an extremely long recovery from use-dependent sodium channel block. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate-dependent effects of detajmium on the intraventricular conduction of isolated, spontaneously beating, guinea pig hearts in comparison with the effects of propafenone. Detajmium (0.3 ...
Yamada A - - 1996
Direct cardiac effects of sematilide, a new class III antiarrhythmic drug, were compared with those of E-4031 and MS-551 in canine isolated blood-perfused heart preparations. Doses of sematilide, E-4031, and MS-551 causing a 10% decrease in the spontaneous sinoatrial beating rate were 58 +/- 15, 9 +/- 5, and 84 ...
Shapira Y - - 1996
The case of an endurance runner with moderate aortic stenosis, who had recurrent syncope, is reported. A Holter recording during syncope revealed asystole lasting 57 s. Head-up tilt table test with isoproterenol was abnormal. No important abnormality was found in sinus or atrioventricular nodal functions. It was postulated that the ...
Candinas R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The electrophysiological effects of intravenously administered pure (S)- and (R)-propafenone hydrochloride has been determined for the first time in humans-12 patients with supraventricular tachycardia. METHODS: Measurements were performed before and during drug therapy. RESULTS: (S)- and (R)-propafenone prolonged the AH interval from 82 to 107 ms and 75 to ...
Honda T - - 1996
It is believed that reciprocating tachycardia and accessory pathways play important roles in atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, the mechanism by which AF occurs is not yet fully understood. This study was performed to evaluate the contribution of sympathoadrenal activity to the onset of AF ...
Scott C D - - 1995
The chronotropic response to exercise is abnormal in cardiac transplant recipients as a result of autonomic denervation. Differences in the response between recent transplant recipients and longer-term survivors have been described in previous cross-sectional studies. These changes have not been assessed directly using serial studies. The effect of sinus node ...
Hamer M E - - 1995
It is generally assumed that paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) induced during invasive electrophysiological study reproduces the patient's spontaneous, clinical arrhythmia. Even in the absence of antiarrhythmic drugs, however, there may be significant differences in characteristics of the induced and spontaneous arrhythmias. We compared the heart rate of PSVT in 38 ...
Birkui P J - - 1995
Ventricular epicardial mapping was performed in six closed-chest anesthetized dogs to investigate the cardiac electrical response to external pacing. A right thoracotomy was performed, complete AV block was produced by formaldehyde injected into the AV node and a sock electrode array, comprised of 127 unipolar electrodes, was placed over the ...
de Groot S H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: In the intact heart, methodological difficulties hamper the direct visualization of delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) responsible for triggered arrhythmias. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that a combination of pacing and the recording of a monophasic action potential (MAP) could facilitate the recognition of ouabain-induced DADs and triggered arrhythmias by demonstrating ...
Shafik A - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To study the electric activity of the vas deferens (VD), or electrovasogram (EVG), in 14 mongrel dogs. METHODS: The VD was exposed in the spermatic cord and three electrodes were applied to it. Synchronous transcutaneous EVG was also recorded by another three electrodes. The electric activity and intravasal pressure ...
Kowallik P - - 1995
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from animal experiments indicates that the autonomic nervous system may influence the sinus (SA) and atrioventricular (AV) nodes differently. We investigated, therefore, whether there are spontaneous functional differences in the innervation of the SA and AV nodes in man. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was performed in 10 ...
Williamson J W - - 1995
Cardiac output (CO) responses to exercise can be altered by ventricular pacing in pacemaker-dependent patients. The relative contributions of CO and peripheral vascular resistance (PVR) toward the initial increase in blood pressure with the initiation of static exercise were investigated in eight otherwise healthy pacemaker-dependent subjects [age 24 +/- 2 ...
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