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Krishnan Sridevi S Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock TX, - - 2015
To evaluate the feasibility and health improvements from a Zumba® intervention in overweight/obese women. Twenty-eight (14 type 2 diabetic and 14 non-diabetic) over-weight/obese women (BMI: 37.3±1.5 kg/m(2)) 50.8±1.8 y of age, completed a 16-week intervention attending Zumba® dance classes 3 days/week, 60 minutes/class. We measured aerobic fitness, body weight, body ...
Khazaeepool M M Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This randomized-controlled trial investigated the effect of physical exercise programme (PEP) on happiness among older adults in Nowshahr, Iran. Results of this study on 120 male and female volunteers showed that an 8-week group physical exercise programme was significantly effective in older adults' happiness. Findings showed that physical exercise programme ...
Varma Vijay R VR Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Center on Aging and Health, Johns - - 2014
Hippocampal atrophy is associated with memory impairment and dementia and serves as a key biomarker in the preclinical stages of Alzheimer's disease. Physical activity, one of the most promising behavioral interventions to prevent or delay cognitive decline, has been shown to be associated with hippocampal volume; specifically increased aerobic activity ...
Trampas Athanasios A Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Thrace, Komotini, - - 2014
Previous studies showed improved dynamic balance performance after core stability (CS) exercises in chronic low back pain populations. Although clinical massage plus exercise are likely to better enhance analgesia than exercise alone, their efficacy on balance remains unclear. To evaluate the immediate effects of CS exercises plus myofascial trigger point ...
Bø Elisabeth E Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway; Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Oslo University Hospital Aker, Oslo, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the effects of supervised exercise training (SET) after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) compared with PTA alone on physical function, limb hemodynamics and health-related quality of life in patients with intermittent claudication. Fifty patients who all underwent PTA for intermittent claudication were included in the study. ...
Ochi Akira A Division of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Care and Rehabilitation, Seijoh University, 2-172 Fukinodai, Toukai-City, Aichi 476-8588, Japan; Department of Physical Therapy, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 53, Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of balance exercise combined with whole-body vibration (WBV) on step performance and lower limb muscle activity during simulated forward falls using the tether-release method in older women. Twenty older women were assigned to either a WBV plus balance exercise group (WBV, n=10) or a balance ...
Maculano Esteves A A Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
Aim of the study was to determine which factors influence sleep patterns after a single session of physical exercise. Adult sedentary volunteers (N.=221; 104 men and 117 women) aged 31.40±9.40 were randomised into groups with three different types of physical exercise (resistance, aerobic and interval). After the exercise protocol was ...
Liira Helena H Department of General Practice, School of Medicine, University of - - 2014
Objective. To study the effects of a health check by a nurse alone or combined with an exercise intervention in middle-aged men at increased cardiovascular risk. Design. A randomized controlled trial. Setting and intervention. Primary care in Kirkkonummi municipality with 36 000 inhabitants. A health check by a nurse alone ...
Takeuchi Shinta S Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, University Hospital , Department of Rehabilitation, Shizuoka, - - 2014
The oObjective of the study was to investigate whether the occurrence of cardiac-locomotor synchronization (CLS) affects oxygen pulse (O2 pulse, mL/beat) during walking. Twelve healthy men were studied under two treadmill protocols. The CLS protocol involved subjects walking at a frequency of their heart rate (HR) to induce CLS. The ...
Wasenius Niko N Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki , Helsinki, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 12-week structured exercise intervention on total physical activity and its subcategories. Twenty-three overweight or obese middle aged men with impaired glucose regulation were randomized into a 12-week Nordic walking group, a power-type resistance training group, and a non-exercise control group. Physical ...
Ramadi Ailar A Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of exercise rehabilitation (ER) on the daily physical activity (PA) of cardiopulmonary patients. The impact of ER programs on the objectively measured quantity and quality of daily PA in cardiopulmonary patients is not completely understood. Participants' exercise capacity and PA ...
Kendrick Denise D School of Medicine, Division of Primary Care, University of Nottingham, Floor 13, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham, UK, NG7 - - 2014
Fear of falling is common in older people and associated with serious physical and psychosocial consequences. Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive and purposive physical activity aimed at improving physical fitness) may reduce fear of falling by improving strength, gait, balance and mood, and reducing the occurrence of falls. To assess the ...
Parmenter Belinda J BJ Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
We sought to quantify whether health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is improved through exercise training in people with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and to clarify which prescriptions were optimal for improving HRQoL when compared to usual care. We conducted a systematic search (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; ...
Murray Jean-Christophe JC Research Student, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke (CHUS), Sherbrooke, QC, - - 2014
Little is known about how immobilization of the right lower limb might affect driving. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of 2 types of immobilization on the emergency braking time of healthy subjects during actual driving conditions. The emergency braking times of 14 healthy volunteers ...
Ahnfeldt-Mollerup P P Research Unit of General Practice, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark,Denmark - - - 2014
The combination of protein supplementation with exercise is successful in increasing weight and energy intake, as well as exercise capacity and health--related quality of life in sarcopenic patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive disease (COPD). However, the potential benefit of protein supplementation for non--sarcopenic patients with COPD has yet not previously ...
Barbosa David D Department of Industrial Electronics, University of Minho, Azurém, Guimarães, - - 2014
Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disabilities, such as hemiparesis, inability to walk without assistance, and dependence of others in the activities of daily living. Motor function rehabilitation after stroke demands for methods oriented to the recovery of the walking capacity. Because of the similarities with walking, cycling leg ...
Rossi Ana P AP Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, Maine Medical - - 2014
Patients with CKD have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease associated with or exacerbated by inactivity. This randomized, controlled study investigated whether a renal rehabilitation exercise program for patients with stages 3 or 4 CKD would improve their physical function and quality of life. In total, 119 adults with CKD ...
Bastone Ade Carvalho C Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, MG, - - 2014
Self-reported measures of decreased aerobic fitness and low physical activity are criteria of frailty. However, research assessing aerobic fitness and physical activity levels associated with frailty is limited. Therefore, the aims of this study were to objectively assess the aerobic fitness and the physical activity level of frail and non-frail ...
Halse Rhiannon E RE 1School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; 2School of Women's and Infants' Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
To determine the effect of a home-based cycling program for women recently diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on aerobic fitness, weight gain, self-reported mobility, attitude and intentions towards maternal exercise, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Forty women (28.8 ± 0.9 weeks gestation) were randomized to either a supervised, home-based ...
Porcelli Simone S 1Institute of Molecular Bioimaging and Physiology, National Research Council, Segrate, Italy 2Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milano, Italy 3Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milano, Italy 4Telematic University S. Raffaele Roma, Milano, - - 2014
Dietary nitrate supplementation has been shown to reduce O2 cost of submaximal exercise, improve exercise tolerance and enhance performance in moderately trained individuals. In contrast, data have been provided that elite athletes do not benefit from nitrate supplementation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term ...
Klompstra Leonie - - 2014
Regular daily physical activity is recognised as important in heart failure (HF) patients, but adherence to physical activity is low (<50%). To improve adherence to exercise in HF patients, alternative approaches to motivate and increase self-efficacy to exercise are needed. Therefore, we have studied a new phenomenon: exergames (games to ...
Delaney Christopher L CL Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders University, - - 2014
The impact of supervised exercise training on endothelial function in patients with intermittent claudication is unclear. This study assesses the impact of treadmill-based supervised exercise training alone or in combination with resistance training on pain free walking distance, flow-mediated dilatation, reactive hyperaemia index, nitric oxide and asymmetric dimethylarginine. Thirty-five patients ...
Green Simon S School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, Australia; Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maximum force (Fmax) declines during intermittent submaximal contractions, but the linearity of this fatigue response and number of underlying phases is not clear. Healthy men were studied during two experiments (n=10 each). Experiment 1 involved single bouts of intermittent forearm contractions (50% Fmax) to failure using both limbs assigned as ...
Berg Selina Kikkenborg SK The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe (i) physical activity status among ICD patients according to the indication for ICD implant compared to international guidelines and compared to a matched normal population in order to detect potentials for improved physical outcomes, (ii) patients' beliefs regarding and participation in physical exercise by ICD indication, (iii) factors ...
Gray Shannon E SE a Monash - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide an epidemiological profile of injuries sustained by participants in fitness activities in Victoria, Australia, based on hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) presentations and to identify the most common types, causes, and sites of these injuries. Method: Hospital-treated fitness activity-related injury ...
Howden Erin J EJ Schools of Human Movement Studies, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Centre for Clinical Research Excellence-Cardiovascular Disease and Metabolic Disorders, University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Exercise training increasingly is recommended as an important part of the management of cardiovascular disease. However, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of exercise training in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those that have included very selective populations. Analysis of secondary outcomes of a randomized controlled trial, with ...
Santa Mina Daniel - - 2014
An emerging field of research describes the role of preoperative health behaviours, known as prehabilitation. The preoperative period may be a more physically and emotionally salient time to introduce and foster chronic adherence to health behaviours, such as exercise, in patients compared to post-treatment during recovery. Moreover, physical and psychosocial ...
Fernández-Argüelles Esther López EL Granadilla Residential Home for the Elderly, Badajoz, - - 2014
Deficits of balance or postural control in persons of advanced age are one of the factors that influence the risk of falling. The most appropriate treatment approaches and their benefits are still unknown. The aim of this article is to systematically review the scientific literature to identify the therapeutic effects ...
Wilcox Sara S Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina; Prevention Research Center, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the established benefits of exercise for adults with arthritis, participation is low. Safe, evidence-based, self-directed programs, which have the potential for high reach at a low cost, are needed. To test a 12-week, self-directed, multicomponent exercise program for adults with arthritis. Randomized controlled trial. Data were collected from 2010 ...
Nadeau Daniel A DA Kris V. Iyer Endowed Chair in Diabetes Care, Mary and Dick Allen Diabetes Center, Hoag Hospital, Newport Beach, CA. - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing public health problem with significant lifetime health care costs. The majority of Americans do not achieve minimal targets for exercise, and individuals with T2DM typically engage in less exercise than the general adult population. However, those patients with T2DM who are sufficiently ...
Seo KyoChul K Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of stair gait exercise on the static balance ability of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The thirty stroke patients who participated in this experiment were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=15) or control (n=15) group. The experimental group performed stair gait exercise for ...
Kim Woo-Il WI Department of Physical Therapy, Korea National University of Transportation, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in function and balance after Kinesio Taping application in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty subjects were randomly divided into an experimental group and control group. The experimental group was applied taping before therapeutic exercise, and the control group ...
Kim Dae-Young DY Research Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Protection Science, Kyungwoon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a 24-week exercise intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness, metabolic syndrome markers, and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin among obese middle-aged women. [Subjects] The subjects were 14 obese middle-aged women. [Methods] The exercise program involved walking at 50-60% of the maximum oxygen ...
Nakae Hideyuki H Course of Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tohoku Fukushi University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of guidance in home exercise on physical function and the amount of activity in home care patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). [Subjects and Methods] A 2-month home exercise intervention consisting of self-administered exercise by patients (self-exercise) and home visit ...
Seo Hyung-Seok HS Department of Physical Therapy, Korea National University of Transportation, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a task-specific exercise program based on motor learning on balance ability and strength of the lower extremity in the elderly with/without falling experiences. [Subjects and Methods] Individuals who had experiences of falling over 2 times within the past ...
Johnson Wendy W Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9JZ, UK, - - 2014
We examined mean effects and variance moderating effects of measures of physical activity and fitness on six measures of adiposity and their reciprocal effects in a subsample of the population-representative Danish Twin Registry. Consistent with prior studies, higher levels of physical activity suppressed variance in adiposity, but this study provided ...
Faude Oliver O Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Birsstr. 320B, 4052, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
Many accidents at construction sites are due to falls. An exercise-based workplace intervention may improve intrinsic fall risk factors. In this pilot study, we aimed at evaluating the effects of neuromuscular exercise on static and functional balance performance as well as on lower limb explosive power in construction workers. Healthy ...
Johnson Marquell M a Department of Kinesiology , University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire , Eau Claire , WI , - - 2014
Abstract This study examined the validity of the Actical accelerometer step count and energy expenditure (EE) functions in healthy young adults. Forty-three participants participated in study 1. Actical step counts were compared to actual steps taken during a 200 m walk around an indoor track at self-selected pace and during treadmill ...
Lee Yong Hee YH From the Health and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, Department of Sport Science, University of Seoul, Seoul, South Korea (YHL, SHP, ESY, SYJ); Exercise and Wellness Program, Arizona State University, Phoenix (CDL); and Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago (SOW, BF, - - 2014
The effects of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on central arterial stiffness and gait velocity in patients with chronic poststroke hemiparesis were investigated. Twenty-six patients with chronic poststroke hemiparesis were randomly assigned to either the combined aerobic and resistance exercise group (n = 14) or the control group (n ...
Bottoni Giuliamarta G Centre of Technology of Ski and Alpine Sport, Innsbruck, - - 2014
During sport activity knee proprioception might worsen. This decrease in proprioceptive acuity negatively influences motor control and therefore may increase injury risk. Hiking is a common activity characterized by a higher intensity exercise phase during uphill walking and a lower intensity exercise phase during downhill walking. Pain and injuries are ...
Faulkner James J Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand - - 2014
To examine the effect of an early exercise and education programme on psychosocial health of transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and mild, non-disabling stroke patients. Randomized, parallel-group, clinical trial. Hospital and academic institution. A total of 55 newly diagnosed transient ischaemic attack/mild stroke patients (Mean[SD]; 69[11]y). Participants were randomized to either ...
Oosterwerff Mirjam M MM M Oosterwerff, Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, 1081 HV, - - 2014
Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent among non-western immigrants in the Netherlands and associated with poor physical performance. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on physical performance, exercise capacity and daily physical activity in vitamin D deficient, overweight non-western immigrants. Design: ...
Kim Youngdeok Y Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of physical activity (PA) with personal and environmental factors among people with disabilities in South Korea. Data from '2011 National Survey for Physical Activity and Exercise for the Disabled' conducted by Korea Sports Association for the Disabled was used (n=1,478). ...
Sliter Michael - - 2014
With growing concerns over the obesity epidemic in the United States and other developed countries, many organizations have taken steps to incorporate healthy workplace practices. However, most workers are still sedentary throughout the day-a major contributor to individual weight gain. The current study sought to gather preliminary evidence of the ...
Lundell Sara S Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, S-90187 Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Only a minority of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have access to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Home-based solutions such as telehealthcare, have been used in efforts to make PR more available. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of telehealthcare on physical activity level, physical ...
Breitfuss Katharina K Clinic for Small Animal Surgery, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, - - 2014
To analyze the muscle activity patterns of the vastus lateralis (VL), biceps femoris (BF), and gluteus medius (GM) during walking and specific physiotherapeutic exercises in clinically sound, healthy dogs without lameness. Observational study. Clinically sound dogs (n = 10). Surface electromyography was performed during walking and exercises (11% incline and decline, walking ...
Miller Ross H RH Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence suggests prolonged bouts of sitting are unhealthy, and some public health messages have recently recommended replacing sitting with more standing. However, the relative benefits of replacing sitting with standing compared to locomotion are not known. Specifically, the biomechanical consequences of standing compared to other sitting-alternatives like walking and running ...
O'Donovan Rhona R Department of Clinical Therapies, Health Sciences Building, University of Limerick , Limerick , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Nordic Walking (NW) is growing in popularity among people with arthritis. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of participants with arthritis on a NW-based walking programme including factors contributing to sustained participation in the programme. Methods: Three semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a ...
Lindsay Sally S Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, University of Toronto , Toronto, Ontario , Canada - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To assess performance differences in a mock job interview and workplace role-play exercise for youth with disabilities compared to their typically developing peers. Methods: We evaluated a purposive sample of 31 youth (15 with a physical disability and 16 typically developing) on their performance (content and delivery) in ...
Edvardsen E E Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Many patients with lung cancer are deconditioned with poor physical fitness. Lung resection reduces physical fitness further, impairing the patient's ability to function in daily life. We conducted a single-blind randomised controlled trial of high-intensity endurance and strength training (60 min, three times a week, 20 weeks), starting 5-7 weeks after surgery. The ...
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