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Krishnan Sridevi S Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock TX, - - 2015
To evaluate the feasibility and health improvements from a Zumba® intervention in overweight/obese women. Twenty-eight (14 type 2 diabetic and 14 non-diabetic) over-weight/obese women (BMI: 37.3±1.5 kg/m(2)) 50.8±1.8 y of age, completed a 16-week intervention attending Zumba® dance classes 3 days/week, 60 minutes/class. We measured aerobic fitness, body weight, body ...
O'Donovan Rhona R Department of Clinical Therapies, Health Sciences Building, University of Limerick , Limerick , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Nordic Walking (NW) is growing in popularity among people with arthritis. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of participants with arthritis on a NW-based walking programme including factors contributing to sustained participation in the programme. Methods: Three semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a ...
Lindsay Sally S Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, University of Toronto , Toronto, Ontario , Canada - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To assess performance differences in a mock job interview and workplace role-play exercise for youth with disabilities compared to their typically developing peers. Methods: We evaluated a purposive sample of 31 youth (15 with a physical disability and 16 typically developing) on their performance (content and delivery) in ...
Edvardsen E E Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Many patients with lung cancer are deconditioned with poor physical fitness. Lung resection reduces physical fitness further, impairing the patient's ability to function in daily life. We conducted a single-blind randomised controlled trial of high-intensity endurance and strength training (60 min, three times a week, 20 weeks), starting 5-7 weeks after surgery. The ...
Płaszewski Maciej M Faculty of Physical Education, Institute of Physiotherapy, Warsaw University School of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska, - - 2014
Scoliosis, the most prevalent orthopaedic condition affecting children and adolescents, may have lasting physical, psychological and social consequences. With limited evidence-base, scoliosis-specific exercise therapies are an option. An overview of the subject and description of a long-term follow-up study including adults who in adolescence were treated with a scoliosis-specific exercise ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the effects of acute exercise and cardiovascular fitness on cognitive function using the Stroop test and event-related desynchronization (ERD) in an aged population. Old adults (63.10 ± 2.89 years) were first assigned to either a high-fitness or a low-fitness group, and they were then subjected to an ...
Deliva Robin D RD Division of Physiotherapy, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; SickKids Transplant Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
This prospective, interventional study examined the impact of training for the WTG on levels of health-related physical fitness and habitual activity in a cohort of pediatric SOT recipients. Physical fitness (FitnessGram(®) ) and habitual activity (HAES) measures were performed on participants (n = 19) in the WTG and compared to non-participant controls ...
Virág A A - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the short--term and long--term effects of a moderate intensity Nordic Walking program, and the feasibility of this exercise form among Hungarian community--living older adults. Forty one Community--living older adults aged over 60 years (mean 67.5, SD 4.8 years) participated in a Nordic ...
Ciavaglia Casey E CE Queen's - - 2014
In patients with combined obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), dyspnea intensity at matched work rates during weight-supported cycling and weight-bearing walking is similar, despite consistent metabolic differences between test modalities. The current study examined the influence of differences in activity of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles during cycling ...
Panizzolo Fausto A FA The School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, - - 2014
Reduced walking capacity, a hallmark of chronic heart failure (CHF), is strongly correlated with hospitalization and morbidity. The aim of this work was to perform a detailed biomechanical gait analysis to better identify mechanisms underlying reduced walking capacity in CHF. Inverse dynamic analyses were conducted in CHF patients and age- ...
Silverman Marni N MN Consortium for Health and Military Performance, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine , Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences , Bethesda, MD 20814 , - - 2014
Physical fitness, achieved through regular exercise and/or spontaneous physical activity, confers resilience by inducing positive psychological and physiological benefits, blunting stress reactivity, protecting against potentially adverse behavioural and metabolic consequences of stressful events and preventing many chronic diseases. In this review, we discuss the biological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects ...
Lante Kerrie - - 2014
Adults with intellectual disability (ID) are physically very inactive. This study will compare two approaches to increasing physical activity in adults with ID: a lifestyle physical activity (light-moderate intensity) approach and a structured exercise (moderate-vigorous intensity) approach. The trial will compare the short-term (3-month) and long-term (9-month) outcomes and sustainability ...
Zhang Cui C a Sports Biomechanics Laboratory, Shandong Sports Science Center; 8th building , 3008 , Fengming Road; Jinan, Shandong , - - 2014
This study evaluates the effects of training and detraining on ankle proprioception in terms of kinesthesia in adult women. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to three groups. Tai Chi and Brisk Walking Groups went through a 16-week training period followed by an eight-week detraining period. The ankle plantar-flexion, dorsal-flexion, inversion, ...
Müther Michael M From the Rheumatology Department, Great Western Hospital, Swindon, United - - 2014
Lack of physical activity in the general population is one of the biggest health challenges we face. For rheumatology patients, and other patients with chronic disease, exercise is an essential part of disease management. However, very few patients exercise effectively.One of the aspirations of the London 2012 Olympic/Paralympic Games was ...
West M A MA Colorectal Surgery Research Group, Aintree University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, 3rd Floor Clinical Sciences Building, Lower Lane, Liverpool, UK Department of Musculoskeletal Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK - - 2014
Patients requiring surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer often additionally undergo neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT), of which the effects on physical fitness are unknown. The aim of this feasibility and pilot study was to investigate the effects of NACRT and a 6 week structured responsive exercise training programme (SRETP) on oxygen ...
Llorens Francesc F Departamento de Gestión y Ciencias Aplicadas a la Actividad Física, Universidad Católica de Valencia, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of a previous bout of intense exercise on exogenous spatial attention. In Experiment 1, a group of participants performed an exogenous spatial task at rest (without prior effort), immediately after intense exercise, and after recovering from an intense exercise. The analyses revealed that the typical "facilitation ...
Riiser Kirsti K Institute of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - 2014
Aim: To examine the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among overweight adolescents and to test whether this relationship is mediated by body image (BI) and self-determined motivation for physical activity (PA) and exercise. Methods: One hundred and twenty adolescents identified as overweight or obese ...
Capozzi Lauren C LC Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, KNB 2229 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, - - 2014
The purpose of the evaluation of this clinic-supported 12-week progressive strength-training program was to assess the feasibility and impact of an exercise intervention for head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Recruitment and adherence feasibility, as well as health-related fitness measures and patient-reported symptom management were assessed on the 21 HNC ...
Takekiyo Takahiro T Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Imamura Bun-in Hospital, 11-23 Kamoikeshinmachi, Kagoshima, 890-0064, Japan, - - 2014
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is associated with transplant-related toxicities, which may have a profound impact on a patient's physical functioning and body composition. In order to analyze the effect of exercise therapy on muscle mass and physical functioning in patients receiving allo-HSCT, we measured muscle mass and physical ...
Wong Christopher Kevin CK Neurological Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Few studies have explored the effects of exercise on gait performance in people with lower limb amputations. To (1) summarize the effects of exercise programs on gait performance and (2) assess the overall quality of the evidence for adults ambulating with leg prostheses. Systematic review. Six databases were searched for ...
Danoff Jerome V JV 1Department of Exercise Science School of Public Health and Health Services The George Washington University Washington, DC 20059 2Health Fitness Professional Reston, VA 20190 - - 2014
Long-term exercise is known to have positive effects on the health of adults. Some college "activities" courses are designed to give participants exposure to, and practice with, safe exercise techniques. Whether these one-semester courses, usually 12-14 weeks, are sufficient to alter physiological characteristics such as blood pressure or strength has ...
Tetteroo Daniel - - 2014
Rehabilitation technology for upper limb training can potentially increase the amount, duration, and quality of therapy offered to patients by targeting the needs of individual patients. Empirical evaluations of such technologies focus on clinical effectiveness; however, little is known regarding the implications of their implementation in daily practice. Tailoring training ...
Chisari C C Department of Neuroscience, Unit of Neurorehabilitation, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Exercise is well tolerated and induces relevant improvements in physical and mental functioning of persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Unfortunately, due to the wide variety of symptoms and the broad range of exercise interventions, it is not possible to make unified exercise recommendation as to what type of exercise is ...
Yokoi Katsushi K Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Kansai University of Welfare Sciences , Osaka , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of short stick exercise (SSEs) on fall prevention and improvement of physical function in older adults. Methods: A cluster randomized trial was conducted in five residential care facilities. The intervention group (n = 51) practiced SSEs for six months, followed by routine care for six more ...
Niemann Claudia C Jacobs Center on Lifelong Learning and Institutional Development, Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH, Bremen, - - 2014
Physical activity has been demonstrated to diminish age-related brain volume shrinkage in several brain regions accompanied by a reduction of age-related decline in cognitive functions. Most studies investigated the impact of cardiovascular fitness or training. Other types of fitness or training are less well investigated. In addition, little is known ...
Bossola Maurizio M Hemodialysis Service, Department of Surgery, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
Background and Aims: The knowledge of the barriers that are associated with decreased physical activity (PA) in patients on chronic hemodialysis (PCH) may be of primary importance for the nephrologists. Thus, we aimed to assess the barriers associated with the absent or reduced PA in PCH of a Mediterranean country. ...
Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H MH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
It is currently unknown, whether differences in physical fitness in older, non-exercising individuals affect cardiovascular risk profile and vascular function. To examine this, forty healthy older individuals (age 69±4years), non-exercising for the past 5-10 years, were allocated to a lower physical fitness (LF; VO2max 20.7±2.4mlO2/min/kg) or higher physical fitness group ...
Kehoe M M University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland - - 2014
Studies evaluating exercise interventions in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) demonstrate small to medium positive effects and large variability on a number of outcome measures. No study to date has tried to explain this variability. This paper presents a novel exploration of data examining the predictors of outcome for PwMS ...
Halvarsson Alexandra A Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Sweden Department of Physical Therapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden - - 2014
To give the rationale and evidence for and a detailed description of a rehabilitation programme of proven effectiveness in improving balance in older adults. Based on the knowledge that balance loss usually occurs in situations when attention is divided, especially when being older, and that balance control relies on the ...
Ashari Asmidawati - - 2014
Turning is a common activity for older people, and is one of the activities commonly associated with falls during walking. Falls that occur while walking and turning have also been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in older people. Despite the importance of stability during turning, there has ...
Berryman Nicolas N Département de Kinésiologie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succ. Centre Ville, Montréal, QC, Canada, H3C - - 2014
The effects of physical activity on cognition in older adults have been extensively investigated in the last decade. Different interventions such as aerobic, strength, and gross motor training programs have resulted in improvements in cognitive functions. However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship between physical activity and cognition are still poorly ...
Richardson Catherine A CA Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
Slow gait speed increases morbidity and mortality in older adults. We examined how preferred gait speed is associated with energetic requirements of walking, fatigability, and fatigue. Older adults (n = 36, 70-89 years) were categorized as slow or fast walkers based on median 400-m gait speed. We measured VO2peak by ...
Matsufuji Shota S Division of Rehabilitation, Inoue Hospital, Suita, - - 2014
Muscle atrophy and weakness impair activity of daily living (ADL). We examined whether chair stand exercise can improve ADL of hemodialysis patients. A randomized controlled trial. A single center study. Outpatients on hemodialysis older than 60 years (61-79 years). Twelve weeks of intervention with chair stand exercise, 3 sessions/week versus the ...
Sjögren Per P Unit of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Telomere length has been associated with a healthy lifestyle and longevity. However, the effect of increased physical activity on telomere length is still unknown. Therefore, the aim was to study the relationship between changes in physical activity level and sedentary behaviour and changes in telomere length. Telomere length was measured ...
Mulasso Anna A Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to assess the direct and indirect effects of a Multicomponent Exercise (MCE) on mobility and balance in institutionalized older people. One hundred and twelve subjects (85 women), 83.0-year-olds on average (SD=7.5), were included in the study, and divided into a MCE-Group (MCE-G) and a ...
Ruthig Joelle C JC University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, USA - - 2014
Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was applied to explore the relationship between perceived risk of acute health crises and intent to exercise. Interviews of 351 community-living older adults assessed prior physical activity (PPA), all PMT components, and exercise intent. A multi-group structural equation model revealed gender differences in PMT predictors of ...
Holland Anne E AE Department of Physiotherapy, Alfred Health , Melbourne , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is commonly used to measure exercise capacity in COPD, but it is unclear if this test is accurate when performed at home. This study aimed to determine whether exercise capacity can be accurately assessed at home using the 6MWT in COPD. Methods: A ...
Crockett Jennifer J Glasgow Learning Disability Services, NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde, Glasgow, - - 2014
People with intellectual disabilities experience high rates of falls. Balance and gait problems are common in people with intellectual disabilities, increasing the likelihood of falls; thus, tailored exercise interventions to improve gait and balance are recommended. The present authors set up a physiotherapy-led falls pathway service (FPS) for clients with ...
Park Jong-Hwan JH College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University , Busan, South - - 2014
Although numerous sources of evidence show that regular physical activity is beneficial to health, most individuals do not engage in a sufficient amount of physical activity to meet the guidelines set out by expert panels. In addition, the minimum amount of physical activity associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk markers ...
Denlinger Crystal S - - 2014
Healthy lifestyle habits have been associated with improved health outcomes and quality of life and, for some cancers, a reduced risk of recurrence and death. The NCCN Guidelines for Survivorship therefore recommend that cancer survivors be encouraged to achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, with attention to weight management, physical ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH 1 Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre , Nijmegen, the Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Schreuder, Tim HA, Jean Nyakayiru, Jeroen Houben, Dick H.J. Thijssen, and Maria T.E. Hopman. Impact of hypoxic versus normoxic training on physical fitness and vasculature in diabetes. High Alt Med Biol 15:349-355, 2014.- Exercise training improves physical fitness, insulin resistance, and endothelial function in type 2 diabetes. Hypoxia may ...
Watanabe Shinichi S Graduate School of Medical Science, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate Course of Rehabilitation Science, Kanazawa University, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nagoya Medical Center, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the therapeutic usefulness of treadmill walking using a body weight support device (BWS), changes in circulatory dynamics and muscle activities with various levels of support were investigated. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into 3 groups: 20% BWS, 40% BWS, and full body weight (FBW). The ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2014
Moderate-intensity exercise training improves skeletal muscle aerobic capacity and increased oxidative enzyme activity, as well as exercise tolerance in COPD patients. To investigate whether the home-based exercise training program can reduce inflammatory biomarkers in patients with COPD, twelve patients using mobile phone assistance and 14 with free walk were assessed ...
Harvey Lara A LA Falls and Injury Prevention Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South - - 2014
Objective: To examine the age-specific population prevalence and predictors of uptake of home modifications and exercise to prevent falls in the NSW older population. Methods: A total of 5,681 respondents were asked questions on fall prevention activities as part of the 2009 NSW Falls Prevention Survey. Results were weighted to ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the - - 2014
In type 2 diabetes patients, endothelin(ET)-receptor-blockade may enhance blood flow responses to exercise training. The combination of exercise training and ET-receptor-blockade may represent a more potent stimulus to improve vascular function, physical fitness, and glucose homeostasis. We assessed the effect of an 8-week exercise training program combined with either ET-blockade ...
Keogh Kat - - 2014
Third-year nursing students at one university will be required to complete an exercise module as part of their training from next month.
Salazar-González Bertha Cecilia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. To test the effects of a physical-cognitive exercise intervention on gait parameters under dual-task conditions in community-dwelling older adults. Design. A repeated-measures quasi-experimental design, with control and exercise groups, was used. Setting. Study participants consist of a convenience sample recruited from senior citizens' centers in Monterrey, Mexico. Subjects. ...
Pawlak Ross R 1Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; 2Athletic Training Education Program School of Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; 3Department of Gerontology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
Structural firefighting is a dangerous and physically demanding profession. Thus, it is critical that firefighters exercise regularly to maintain optimal physical fitness levels. However, little is known about optimal training methods for firefighters and exercise equipment is often not available to on-duty firefighters. Therefore the purpose of this study was ...
Desgorces F D FD Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Perturbations of energy balance induce compensatory processes that may alter expected weight loss. In obese patients, our aim was to investigate the relationships that occurred between fasting plasma concentrations of anorexigenic peptides and metabolic parameters, appetite, physical capacity, and weight loss in the 5 first days of a program associating ...
de Oliveira Marcio R MR Health Science Research Center, Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance (LAFUP), University of Northern Parana (UNOPAR), 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil; Master and Doctoral Program in Rehabilitation Sciences UEL/UNOPAR, 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different types of exercise are indicated for the elderly to prevent functional capacity limitations due to aging and reduce the risk of falls. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different exercises (mini-trampoline, MT; aquatic gymnastics, AG and general floor gymnastics, GG) on postural balance in elderly women. ...
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