Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1264
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Krishnan Sridevi S Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock TX, - - 2015
To evaluate the feasibility and health improvements from a Zumba® intervention in overweight/obese women. Twenty-eight (14 type 2 diabetic and 14 non-diabetic) over-weight/obese women (BMI: 37.3±1.5 kg/m(2)) 50.8±1.8 y of age, completed a 16-week intervention attending Zumba® dance classes 3 days/week, 60 minutes/class. We measured aerobic fitness, body weight, body ...
Maculano Esteves A A Faculdade de Ciências Aplicadas Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
Aim of the study was to determine which factors influence sleep patterns after a single session of physical exercise. Adult sedentary volunteers (N.=221; 104 men and 117 women) aged 31.40±9.40 were randomised into groups with three different types of physical exercise (resistance, aerobic and interval). After the exercise protocol was ...
Ahnfeldt-Mollerup P P Research Unit of General Practice, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark,Denmark - - - 2014
The combination of protein supplementation with exercise is successful in increasing weight and energy intake, as well as exercise capacity and health--related quality of life in sarcopenic patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive disease (COPD). However, the potential benefit of protein supplementation for non--sarcopenic patients with COPD has yet not previously ...
Rossi Ana P AP Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, Maine Medical - - 2014
Patients with CKD have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease associated with or exacerbated by inactivity. This randomized, controlled study investigated whether a renal rehabilitation exercise program for patients with stages 3 or 4 CKD would improve their physical function and quality of life. In total, 119 adults with CKD ...
Bastone Ade Carvalho C Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, MG, - - 2014
Self-reported measures of decreased aerobic fitness and low physical activity are criteria of frailty. However, research assessing aerobic fitness and physical activity levels associated with frailty is limited. Therefore, the aims of this study were to objectively assess the aerobic fitness and the physical activity level of frail and non-frail ...
Halse Rhiannon E RE 1School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; 2School of Women's and Infants' Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
To determine the effect of a home-based cycling program for women recently diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on aerobic fitness, weight gain, self-reported mobility, attitude and intentions towards maternal exercise, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Forty women (28.8 ± 0.9 weeks gestation) were randomized to either a supervised, home-based ...
Porcelli Simone S 1Institute of Molecular Bioimaging and Physiology, National Research Council, Segrate, Italy 2Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milano, Italy 3Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milano, Italy 4Telematic University S. Raffaele Roma, Milano, - - 2014
Dietary nitrate supplementation has been shown to reduce O2 cost of submaximal exercise, improve exercise tolerance and enhance performance in moderately trained individuals. In contrast, data have been provided that elite athletes do not benefit from nitrate supplementation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term ...
Klompstra Leonie - - 2014
Regular daily physical activity is recognised as important in heart failure (HF) patients, but adherence to physical activity is low (<50%). To improve adherence to exercise in HF patients, alternative approaches to motivate and increase self-efficacy to exercise are needed. Therefore, we have studied a new phenomenon: exergames (games to ...
Delaney Christopher L CL Department of Vascular Surgery, Flinders University, - - 2014
The impact of supervised exercise training on endothelial function in patients with intermittent claudication is unclear. This study assesses the impact of treadmill-based supervised exercise training alone or in combination with resistance training on pain free walking distance, flow-mediated dilatation, reactive hyperaemia index, nitric oxide and asymmetric dimethylarginine. Thirty-five patients ...
Gray Shannon E SE a Monash - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide an epidemiological profile of injuries sustained by participants in fitness activities in Victoria, Australia, based on hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) presentations and to identify the most common types, causes, and sites of these injuries. Method: Hospital-treated fitness activity-related injury ...
Santa Mina Daniel - - 2014
An emerging field of research describes the role of preoperative health behaviours, known as prehabilitation. The preoperative period may be a more physically and emotionally salient time to introduce and foster chronic adherence to health behaviours, such as exercise, in patients compared to post-treatment during recovery. Moreover, physical and psychosocial ...
Nadeau Daniel A DA Kris V. Iyer Endowed Chair in Diabetes Care, Mary and Dick Allen Diabetes Center, Hoag Hospital, Newport Beach, CA. - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing public health problem with significant lifetime health care costs. The majority of Americans do not achieve minimal targets for exercise, and individuals with T2DM typically engage in less exercise than the general adult population. However, those patients with T2DM who are sufficiently ...
Johnson Wendy W Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9JZ, UK, - - 2014
We examined mean effects and variance moderating effects of measures of physical activity and fitness on six measures of adiposity and their reciprocal effects in a subsample of the population-representative Danish Twin Registry. Consistent with prior studies, higher levels of physical activity suppressed variance in adiposity, but this study provided ...
Faude Oliver O Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Birsstr. 320B, 4052, Basel, Switzerland, - - 2014
Many accidents at construction sites are due to falls. An exercise-based workplace intervention may improve intrinsic fall risk factors. In this pilot study, we aimed at evaluating the effects of neuromuscular exercise on static and functional balance performance as well as on lower limb explosive power in construction workers. Healthy ...
Johnson Marquell M a Department of Kinesiology , University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire , Eau Claire , WI , - - 2014
Abstract This study examined the validity of the Actical accelerometer step count and energy expenditure (EE) functions in healthy young adults. Forty-three participants participated in study 1. Actical step counts were compared to actual steps taken during a 200 m walk around an indoor track at self-selected pace and during treadmill ...
Lee Yong Hee YH From the Health and Integrative Physiology Laboratory, Department of Sport Science, University of Seoul, Seoul, South Korea (YHL, SHP, ESY, SYJ); Exercise and Wellness Program, Arizona State University, Phoenix (CDL); and Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago (SOW, BF, - - 2014
The effects of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on central arterial stiffness and gait velocity in patients with chronic poststroke hemiparesis were investigated. Twenty-six patients with chronic poststroke hemiparesis were randomly assigned to either the combined aerobic and resistance exercise group (n = 14) or the control group (n ...
Bottoni Giuliamarta G Centre of Technology of Ski and Alpine Sport, Innsbruck, - - 2014
During sport activity knee proprioception might worsen. This decrease in proprioceptive acuity negatively influences motor control and therefore may increase injury risk. Hiking is a common activity characterized by a higher intensity exercise phase during uphill walking and a lower intensity exercise phase during downhill walking. Pain and injuries are ...
Faulkner James J Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand - - 2014
To examine the effect of an early exercise and education programme on psychosocial health of transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and mild, non-disabling stroke patients. Randomized, parallel-group, clinical trial. Hospital and academic institution. A total of 55 newly diagnosed transient ischaemic attack/mild stroke patients (Mean[SD]; 69[11]y). Participants were randomized to either ...
Oosterwerff Mirjam M MM M Oosterwerff, Endocrinology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, 1081 HV, - - 2014
Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent among non-western immigrants in the Netherlands and associated with poor physical performance. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on physical performance, exercise capacity and daily physical activity in vitamin D deficient, overweight non-western immigrants. Design: ...
Kim Youngdeok Y Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of physical activity (PA) with personal and environmental factors among people with disabilities in South Korea. Data from '2011 National Survey for Physical Activity and Exercise for the Disabled' conducted by Korea Sports Association for the Disabled was used (n=1,478). ...
Sliter Michael - - 2014
With growing concerns over the obesity epidemic in the United States and other developed countries, many organizations have taken steps to incorporate healthy workplace practices. However, most workers are still sedentary throughout the day-a major contributor to individual weight gain. The current study sought to gather preliminary evidence of the ...
Breitfuss Katharina K Clinic for Small Animal Surgery, Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, - - 2014
To analyze the muscle activity patterns of the vastus lateralis (VL), biceps femoris (BF), and gluteus medius (GM) during walking and specific physiotherapeutic exercises in clinically sound, healthy dogs without lameness. Observational study. Clinically sound dogs (n = 10). Surface electromyography was performed during walking and exercises (11% incline and decline, walking ...
O'Donovan Rhona R Department of Clinical Therapies, Health Sciences Building, University of Limerick , Limerick , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Nordic Walking (NW) is growing in popularity among people with arthritis. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of participants with arthritis on a NW-based walking programme including factors contributing to sustained participation in the programme. Methods: Three semi-structured focus groups were conducted with a ...
Lindsay Sally S Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Graduate Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Bloorview Research Institute, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, University of Toronto , Toronto, Ontario , Canada - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To assess performance differences in a mock job interview and workplace role-play exercise for youth with disabilities compared to their typically developing peers. Methods: We evaluated a purposive sample of 31 youth (15 with a physical disability and 16 typically developing) on their performance (content and delivery) in ...
Edvardsen E E Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Many patients with lung cancer are deconditioned with poor physical fitness. Lung resection reduces physical fitness further, impairing the patient's ability to function in daily life. We conducted a single-blind randomised controlled trial of high-intensity endurance and strength training (60 min, three times a week, 20 weeks), starting 5-7 weeks after surgery. The ...
Płaszewski Maciej M Faculty of Physical Education, Institute of Physiotherapy, Warsaw University School of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska, - - 2014
Scoliosis, the most prevalent orthopaedic condition affecting children and adolescents, may have lasting physical, psychological and social consequences. With limited evidence-base, scoliosis-specific exercise therapies are an option. An overview of the subject and description of a long-term follow-up study including adults who in adolescence were treated with a scoliosis-specific exercise ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the effects of acute exercise and cardiovascular fitness on cognitive function using the Stroop test and event-related desynchronization (ERD) in an aged population. Old adults (63.10 ± 2.89 years) were first assigned to either a high-fitness or a low-fitness group, and they were then subjected to an ...
Deliva Robin D RD Division of Physiotherapy, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; SickKids Transplant Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
This prospective, interventional study examined the impact of training for the WTG on levels of health-related physical fitness and habitual activity in a cohort of pediatric SOT recipients. Physical fitness (FitnessGram(®) ) and habitual activity (HAES) measures were performed on participants (n = 19) in the WTG and compared to non-participant controls ...
Virág A A - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the short--term and long--term effects of a moderate intensity Nordic Walking program, and the feasibility of this exercise form among Hungarian community--living older adults. Forty one Community--living older adults aged over 60 years (mean 67.5, SD 4.8 years) participated in a Nordic ...
Ciavaglia Casey E CE Queen's - - 2014
In patients with combined obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), dyspnea intensity at matched work rates during weight-supported cycling and weight-bearing walking is similar, despite consistent metabolic differences between test modalities. The current study examined the influence of differences in activity of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles during cycling ...
Panizzolo Fausto A FA The School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, - - 2014
Reduced walking capacity, a hallmark of chronic heart failure (CHF), is strongly correlated with hospitalization and morbidity. The aim of this work was to perform a detailed biomechanical gait analysis to better identify mechanisms underlying reduced walking capacity in CHF. Inverse dynamic analyses were conducted in CHF patients and age- ...
Silverman Marni N MN Consortium for Health and Military Performance, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine , Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences , Bethesda, MD 20814 , - - 2014
Physical fitness, achieved through regular exercise and/or spontaneous physical activity, confers resilience by inducing positive psychological and physiological benefits, blunting stress reactivity, protecting against potentially adverse behavioural and metabolic consequences of stressful events and preventing many chronic diseases. In this review, we discuss the biological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects ...
Lante Kerrie - - 2014
Adults with intellectual disability (ID) are physically very inactive. This study will compare two approaches to increasing physical activity in adults with ID: a lifestyle physical activity (light-moderate intensity) approach and a structured exercise (moderate-vigorous intensity) approach. The trial will compare the short-term (3-month) and long-term (9-month) outcomes and sustainability ...
Zhang Cui C a Sports Biomechanics Laboratory, Shandong Sports Science Center; 8th building , 3008 , Fengming Road; Jinan, Shandong , - - 2014
This study evaluates the effects of training and detraining on ankle proprioception in terms of kinesthesia in adult women. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to three groups. Tai Chi and Brisk Walking Groups went through a 16-week training period followed by an eight-week detraining period. The ankle plantar-flexion, dorsal-flexion, inversion, ...
Müther Michael M From the Rheumatology Department, Great Western Hospital, Swindon, United - - 2014
Lack of physical activity in the general population is one of the biggest health challenges we face. For rheumatology patients, and other patients with chronic disease, exercise is an essential part of disease management. However, very few patients exercise effectively.One of the aspirations of the London 2012 Olympic/Paralympic Games was ...
West M A MA Colorectal Surgery Research Group, Aintree University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, 3rd Floor Clinical Sciences Building, Lower Lane, Liverpool, UK Department of Musculoskeletal Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK - - 2014
Patients requiring surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer often additionally undergo neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT), of which the effects on physical fitness are unknown. The aim of this feasibility and pilot study was to investigate the effects of NACRT and a 6 week structured responsive exercise training programme (SRETP) on oxygen ...
Cho Seong-Il SI Department of Rehabilitation Science, The Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of recreational exercises on the muscle strength, flexibility, and balance of old-old elderly individuals over the age of 75 years. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three old-old elderly subjects (aged 78.7 ± 2.9 years) participated in 8 weeks of recreational exercises. The exercises ...
Cho Hyeyoung H Department of Emergency Medical Service, Daewon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a virtual reality exercise program (VREP) on physical fitness, body composition, and fatigue in hemodialysis (HD) patients with end-stage renal failure. [Subjects and Methods] A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Forty-six HD patients were divided ...
Kim Kanghoon K Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, Catholic University of Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] To examine how stretching, plyometric, and treadmill exercises influence the dynamic balance necessary for sports activities. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two healthy subjects participated in this study. The subjects conducted stretching, plyometric exercises, and treadmill walking for set times over a period of three days. The subjects' dynamic balance was ...
Park Yun-Jin YJ College of Sports and Leisure, Korea University, Sejong, - - 2014
Parkinson's disease is a chronically developing neurodegenerative disease showing typical motor symptoms of the following triad: resting tremor, freezing of gait, and bradykinesia-hypokinesia. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a communal exercise program, using the visual and auditory feedback provided by a smart application, to assess gait ...
Kim Eun-Jin EJ Department of Nursing, Medical Station, Ansan Workers' Compensation Hospital, Ansan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of walking exercise through a 6-min walking test on subjective dyspnea, pulmonary function test, arterial blood gas analysis, and activities of daily living to provide base data for the nursing intervention of pneumoconiosis patients. The subjects were pneumoconiosis patients men ...
Llorens Francesc F Departamento de Gestión y Ciencias Aplicadas a la Actividad Física, Universidad Católica de Valencia, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of a previous bout of intense exercise on exogenous spatial attention. In Experiment 1, a group of participants performed an exogenous spatial task at rest (without prior effort), immediately after intense exercise, and after recovering from an intense exercise. The analyses revealed that the typical "facilitation ...
Riiser Kirsti K Institute of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - 2014
Aim: To examine the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among overweight adolescents and to test whether this relationship is mediated by body image (BI) and self-determined motivation for physical activity (PA) and exercise. Methods: One hundred and twenty adolescents identified as overweight or obese ...
Trabka Bartosz B Jędrzej Śniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine an influence of a mixed aerobic and strength training program (MAST) on anthropometry, serum lipid levels, physical performance, and functional fitness in obese postmenopausal women. The MAST sessions were held three times per week, and the exercise program lasted for 10 weeks. ...
Capozzi Lauren C LC Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, KNB 2229 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, - - 2014
The purpose of the evaluation of this clinic-supported 12-week progressive strength-training program was to assess the feasibility and impact of an exercise intervention for head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Recruitment and adherence feasibility, as well as health-related fitness measures and patient-reported symptom management were assessed on the 21 HNC ...
Takekiyo Takahiro T Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Imamura Bun-in Hospital, 11-23 Kamoikeshinmachi, Kagoshima, 890-0064, Japan, - - 2014
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is associated with transplant-related toxicities, which may have a profound impact on a patient's physical functioning and body composition. In order to analyze the effect of exercise therapy on muscle mass and physical functioning in patients receiving allo-HSCT, we measured muscle mass and physical ...
Wong Christopher Kevin CK Neurological Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Few studies have explored the effects of exercise on gait performance in people with lower limb amputations. To (1) summarize the effects of exercise programs on gait performance and (2) assess the overall quality of the evidence for adults ambulating with leg prostheses. Systematic review. Six databases were searched for ...
Danoff Jerome V JV 1Department of Exercise Science School of Public Health and Health Services The George Washington University Washington, DC 20059 2Health Fitness Professional Reston, VA 20190 - - 2014
Long-term exercise is known to have positive effects on the health of adults. Some college "activities" courses are designed to give participants exposure to, and practice with, safe exercise techniques. Whether these one-semester courses, usually 12-14 weeks, are sufficient to alter physiological characteristics such as blood pressure or strength has ...
Tetteroo Daniel - - 2014
Rehabilitation technology for upper limb training can potentially increase the amount, duration, and quality of therapy offered to patients by targeting the needs of individual patients. Empirical evaluations of such technologies focus on clinical effectiveness; however, little is known regarding the implications of their implementation in daily practice. Tailoring training ...
Chisari C C Department of Neuroscience, Unit of Neurorehabilitation, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Exercise is well tolerated and induces relevant improvements in physical and mental functioning of persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Unfortunately, due to the wide variety of symptoms and the broad range of exercise interventions, it is not possible to make unified exercise recommendation as to what type of exercise is ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >