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Lewis Emma E MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), MSpMed, Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
Exercise is an inconsistently managed area in the health of expectant mothers. It is an area where family doctors have an opportunity to be well informed and willing to give advice. To provide simple advice on safe exercise practice in pregnancy. Exercise in pregnancy has multiple benefits for the mother, ...
Camarillo Ignacio G IG Departments of aBiological Sciences bNutrition Science cAnimal Sciences dHealth and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, - - 2014
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Emerging research indicates that modifying lifestyle factors during pregnancy may convey long-term health benefits to offspring. This study was designed to determine whether maternal exercise during pregnancy leads to reduced mammary tumorigenesis in female offspring. Pregnant rats were randomly assigned to ...
Davari Tanha Fatemeh F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Hospital, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
To evaluate physical activity of pregnant women before and after ACOG guideline study. Four hundred and eighty-five pregnant women enrolled in this before-after study. They were asked to study ACOG guideline. A structured questionnaire filled by women at first visit and the last visit in the prenatal clinic.Type, frequency, duration ...
Petrov Fieril Karolina K K. Petrov Fieril, MSc, RPT, Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SU/Sahlgrenska SE-41345, Gothenburg, - - 2014
BackgroundPregnant healthy women are recommended to do 30 minutes or more of light to moderate exercise a day on most, if not all, days of the week. However, only one out of six pregnant women in the US follows recommendations. Little attention has been given to the experience of exercise ...
Hazeldean Deborah - - 2014
There is a substantial body of evidence to suggest that exercise during pregnancy is not only safe but beneficial, yet many women remain unsure about what exercise is appropriate or indeed whether it is safe to exercise at all, opting instead for inactivity. The purpose of this article is to ...
Mosavat Maryam M 0000-0003-2177-4470 Sport Science Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
This study was performed to determine the effects of 8-week honey supplementation combined with different jumping exercise intensities on serum cortisol, progesterone, estradiol, and reproductive organs. Eighty-four 9-week-old female rats were divided into 7 groups: baseline controls (C0), sedentary group (C), 20 and 80 jumps per day (Ex20J, Ex80J), honey ...
Lotgering Frederik K FK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In 1980 I came to Loma Linda to study maternal exercise, with Dr. Longo as my mentor. For millennia strenuous exercise was considered harmful for the fetus. Early studies reinforced that idea, by showing that exercise reduced uterine blood flow and fetal PO2 by up to 40 and 29 %, ...
Bahls Martin - - 2013
Background: The intrauterine environment is influenced by maternal behaviour and programs atherosclerotic disease susceptibility in offspring. The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that mothers' exercise during pregnancy improves endothelial function in 3, 5, and 9 month-old porcine offspring. Results: The pregnant sows in the exercise group ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In spite of an extensive knowledge of the physiologic features of exercise during pregnancy, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of the effects of different types, intensities and duration of exercise throughout pregnancy on maternal and fetal well being. The aim of the present study was to examine the ...
Jayasudha A - - 2013
Exercise is a natural part of life. Physical exercises increase mood-elevating chemicals in the brain and thereby reduce pregnancy-related blues. As the women need to exercise during pregnancy, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of antenatal exercises on labour process among primigravid mothers at selected Urban Health ...
Bland Helen W - - 2013
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a modified self-efficacy scale-the Pregnancy-Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (P-ESES). Pregnant women completed the P-ESES and physical activity questionnaires (N = 88). Internal consistency was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (alpha = 0.838) and equal-length Spearman-Brown (alpha = 8.22). Squared multiple correlation coefficients were calculated showing ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease characterized by inflammatory demyelination and neurodegeneration within the CNS. This damage of CNS structures leads to deficits of body functions, which, in turn, affect patient activities, such as walking, and participation. The pathogenesis and resulting consequences of MS have been described as concepts ...
Szymanski Linda M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal responses to strenuous exercise in physically active and inactive women. Forty-five healthy women (15 who were nonexercisers, 15 who were regularly active, 15 who were highly active) underwent a peak treadmill test at 28 weeks' gestation to 32 weeks 6 days' ...
Hager W David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The cause for shortness of breath amongst systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is often lacking. We sought to characterize the hemodynamics of these patients by using simple isotonic arm exercise during cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Catheterization was performed in 173 SSc patients when resting echocardiographic pulmonary systolic pressures were <40 but ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity levels in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) may reduce skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. Rehabilitation strategies might be altered by a measure of capacity that did not require invasive techniques or maximal exercise testing. For this purpose, we measured exercise onset and offset oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) kinetics ...
Giacobbi Peter R PR - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of quality of life after a 4-month progressive resistance training program for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). A second purpose was to examine participants' views about factors that facilitated or impeded exercise behavior. Qualitative interviews were conducted with eight females (Mage ...
Huisinga Jessie M - - 2012
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience abnormal gait patterns and reduced physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if an elliptical exercise intervention for patients with MS would change joint kinetics during gait toward healthy control values. Gait analysis was performed on patients with MS (n = ...
Dominelli Paolo B - - 2012
A healthy 36-year-old untrained (maximal oxygen consumption (Vo(2max)): 39mL/kg/min) woman completed multiple graded exercise tests on a treadmill. Temperature-corrected arterial blood samples were obtained in addition to esophageal pressure. Significant hypoxemia (-13mmHg arterial oxygen tension decrease) and arterial oxyhemoglobin desaturation (-6% decrease) was observed relative to rest and occurred during ...
Nilsagård Ylva E - - 2012
Background: The use of interactive video games is expanding within rehabilitation. The evidence base is, however, limited.Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Fit® balance exercise programme on balance function and walking ability in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods: A multi-centre, randomised, controlled single-blinded trial ...
Learmonth Y C - - 2012
Purpose: The evidence base to support therapeutic exercise for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is improving; however few studies have considered the patients' perspective. This study aimed to explore the experiences and views of people moderately affected with MS following participation in a 12-week exercise programme. Method: Twenty people with ...
Kargarfard Mehdi - - 2012
To examine the effectiveness of aquatic exercise training on fatigue and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Randomized controlled trial, 4-week and 8-week follow-up. Referral center of a multiple sclerosis society. Women (N=32) diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS (mean age ± SD, 32.6±8.0y) were recruited into ...
Sen Supratim - - 2012
Objective.  Previous studies have seldom compared functional capacity in children following Fontan procedure alongside those with Glenn operation as destination therapy. We hypothesized that Fontan circulation enables better midterm submaximal exercise capacity as compared to Glenn physiology and evaluated this using the 6-minute walk test. Design and Patients.  Fifty-seven children ...
Chakaravertty Biswajit - - 2012
The aim of the study was to calculate the maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max) for pregnant women of varying trimesters and to quantify the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)with the objective of being able to determine the exercise dose for antenatal women which can be prescribed to achieve optimal exercise benefits during various ...
Suga Tadashi - - 2012
Our previous study reported that intramuscular metabolic stress during low-intensity resistance exercise was significantly enhanced by combining blood flow restriction (BFR); however, they did not reach the levels achieved during high-intensity resistance exercise. That study was performed using a single set of exercise; however, usual resistance exercise consists of multiple ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
: The disabling consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS) emphasize the significance of developing physiologically relevant strategies for rehabilitation of function. This pilot study examined changes in walking function associated with combined exercise training consisting of aerobic, resistance, and balance activities in persons with MS who had recent onset of gait ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise (or physical activity) might have the potential to have an impact on multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology and thereby slow down the disease process in MS patients. The objective of this literature review was to identify the literature linking physical exercise (or activity) and MS ...
Scheidegger O - - 2012
Background: In multiple sclerosis (MS), fatigue is a common and often disabling symptom. It has multiple causes with central motor fatigue playing an important role.Objective: The objective of this study was to analyse the central motor conduction changes in relation to muscle contraction force during muscle fatigue and recovery in ...
Santos-Filho Sebastião David - - 2012
The objective of this work was to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration on people with multiple sclerosis (MS). PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus databases were systematically searched for studies on the use of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in people with MS. These searches were supplemented with material identified in the ...
Paulus David C - - 2012
The reduced gravity experienced during spaceflight leads to muscle and bone atrophy, and resistance exercise has proven to be an effective countermeasure. Thus, a compact computer-controlled electric-motor resistance exercise system is being developed for NASA. In order to save power, space, and weight, the torque specifications of the motor were ...
Freeman Jennifer - - 2012
People with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) frequently experience balance and mobility impairments, including reduced trunk stability. Pilates-based core stability training, which is aimed at improving control of the body's stabilising muscles, is popular as a form of exercise with people with MS and therapists. A replicated single case series study facilitated ...
Kawabata Ikuno I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nippon Medical School , Tokyo, - - 2012
The aim of our study was to use brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurements to noninvasively assess the effect of exercise training on arterial stiffness in normal pregnant women. Arterial stiffness was assessed at the beginning of the early second trimester of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery in 17 ...
Martin Donald - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This review evaluates the current understanding of the benefits and risks of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestinal system. A significant portion of endurance athletes are affected by gastrointestinal symptoms, but most symptoms are transient and do not have long-term consequences. Conversely, physical activity may have a protective ...
McConkey Marina J - - 2011
A 4-year-old male castrated English bulldog was referred to the Atlantic Veterinary College for evaluation of exercise intolerance, multiple syncopal episodes, and a grade IV/VI heart murmur. The dog was shown to have 3 congenital cardiac anomalies: atrial septal defect, mitral valve dysplasia, and subaortic stenosis. Medical management consisted of ...
Van Erck E E Equine Sports Medicine Practice, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2011
Dynamic upper airway obstruction (UAO) is a cause of respiratory noise and sometimes poor performance in sport horses. Riding, head flexion and airway inflammation may impact upper respiratory tract stability during exercise. To evaluate upper airway mechanical behaviour in ridden sport horses using overground endoscopy and the effect of head ...
Muñoz-Lasa Susana S Universidad Complutense, Dept. de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Madrid, - - 2011
Exercise therapy is an important part of symptomatic and supportive treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). According to the literature, equine-assisted therapies--such as therapeutic horseback riding (THR) and hippotherapy (HT)--are exercise therapies that can have positive physical effects on coordination, muscle tone, postural alignment, stiffness/flexibility, endurance and strength, correcting ...
Truong Pauline T - - 2011
: To evaluate tolerability and compliance to a walking exercise program and its effect on fatigue during and after radical external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer. : A total of 50 subjects with prostate cancer undergoing EBRT over 6 to 8 weeks were prospectively accrued to an exercise ...
Horner K M - - 2011
The gastrointestinal tract plays an important role in the improved appetite control and weight loss in response to bariatric surgery. Other strategies which similarly alter gastrointestinal responses to food intake could contribute to successful weight management. The aim of this review is to discuss the effects of surgical, pharmacological and ...
McLoughlin Paul - - 2011
EXPRESSION OF CONCERNExperimental Physiology has been informed by Bente Klarlund Pedersen, MD, DMSc, Professor of Integrative Medicine, Director of the Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases and CMRC Rigshospitalet at the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark, of concerns about the validity of some ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2011
We studied patients who were eligible for phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Rehabilitation was delivered either conventionally or by telemedicine using videoconferencing. There were 226 participants: 173 at the conventional site and 53 at the telemedicine site. At baseline, blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, lipid profiles, activity levels, dietary intake and behaviours ...
Vallier J M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), despite their ventilatory limitation, would develop neuromuscular fatigue of quadriceps muscles following a maximal cycling exercise. Eleven adults with CF (age=26.8±6.9years; forced expiratory volume in 1s=54.1±12.8% predicted) and 11 age-matched healthy subjects performed a maximal incremental ...
Eckhardt Holger - - 2011
Eckhardt, H, Wollny, R, Müller, H, Bärtsch, P, and Friedmann-Bette, B. Enhanced myofiber recruitment during exhaustive squatting performed as whole-body vibration exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 1120-1125, 2011-The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that myofiber recruitment is enhanced when whole-body vibration (WBV) is added to ...
Whitehurst David G T - - 2011
The delivery of acupuncture alongside mainstream interventions and the cost-effectiveness of "alternative" treatments remain areas of controversy. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-utility of adding acupuncture to a course of advice and exercise delivered by UK National Health Service (NHS) physical therapists to people with osteoarthritis ...
Tomczak Simone E - - 2011
: We asked whether submaximal exercise with chest wall restriction (CWR), as a model of restrictive pulmonary disease, would result in fatigue of the diaphragm in healthy humans. : To address this question, we used cervical magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves along with measures of transdiaphragmatic pressure. Seven healthy ...
Hartman Michael J - - 2011
Hartman, MJ, Ryan, ED, Cramer, JT, and Bemben, MG. The effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors on peak torque and voluntary activation in untrained and resistance-trained men. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 527-532, 2011-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors ...
Hubble Michael W - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Simulation exercises have long been used to teach management skills in business schools. However, this pedagogical approach has not been reported in emergency medical services (EMS) management education. We sought to develop, deploy, and evaluate a computerized simulation exercise for teaching EMS management skills. METHODS:: Using historical data, a ...
Powell J - - 2011
Objectives:  To generate consensus among faculty members regarding follow-up practice for well-defined clinical scenarios using a Delphi exercise and to identify if disseminating the consensus guidelines changed follow-up practice. Study Design:  Generation of consensus using a Delphi exercise and an audit of follow-up practice before and after dissemination of the ...
Döring Andrea - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) in young adults. The disease causes a wide range of symptoms depending on the localization and characteristics of the CNS pathology. In addition to drug-based immunomodulatory treatment, both drug-based and non-drug approaches are established ...
de Oliveira Erick Prado - - 2011
Among athletes strenuous exercise, dehydration and gastric emptying (GE) delay are the main causes of gastrointestinal (GI) complaints, whereas gut ischemia is the main cause of their nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and (blood) diarrhea. Additionally any factor that limits sweat evaporation, such as a hot and humid environment and/or body ...
Schommer Kai - - 2011
Gastrointestinal complaints are common among long distance runners. We hypothesised that small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is present in long distance runners frequently afflicted with gastrointestinal complaints. Seven long distance runners (5 female, mean age 29.1 years) with gastrointestinal complaints during and immediately after exercise without known gastrointestinal diseases performed ...
Glasgow Russell E - - 2011
Increased access to the Internet and the availability of efficacious eHealth interventions offer great promise for assisting adults with diabetes to change and maintain health behaviors. A key concern is whether levels of engagement in Internet programs are sufficient to promote and sustain behavior change. This paper used automated data ...
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