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Capozzi Lauren C LC Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, KNB 2229 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, - - 2014
The purpose of the evaluation of this clinic-supported 12-week progressive strength-training program was to assess the feasibility and impact of an exercise intervention for head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Recruitment and adherence feasibility, as well as health-related fitness measures and patient-reported symptom management were assessed on the 21 HNC ...
Takekiyo Takahiro T Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Imamura Bun-in Hospital, 11-23 Kamoikeshinmachi, Kagoshima, 890-0064, Japan, - - 2014
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is associated with transplant-related toxicities, which may have a profound impact on a patient's physical functioning and body composition. In order to analyze the effect of exercise therapy on muscle mass and physical functioning in patients receiving allo-HSCT, we measured muscle mass and physical ...
Wong Christopher Kevin CK Neurological Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Few studies have explored the effects of exercise on gait performance in people with lower limb amputations. To (1) summarize the effects of exercise programs on gait performance and (2) assess the overall quality of the evidence for adults ambulating with leg prostheses. Systematic review. Six databases were searched for ...
Danoff Jerome V JV 1Department of Exercise Science School of Public Health and Health Services The George Washington University Washington, DC 20059 2Health Fitness Professional Reston, VA 20190 - - 2014
Long-term exercise is known to have positive effects on the health of adults. Some college "activities" courses are designed to give participants exposure to, and practice with, safe exercise techniques. Whether these one-semester courses, usually 12-14 weeks, are sufficient to alter physiological characteristics such as blood pressure or strength has ...
Tetteroo Daniel - - 2014
Rehabilitation technology for upper limb training can potentially increase the amount, duration, and quality of therapy offered to patients by targeting the needs of individual patients. Empirical evaluations of such technologies focus on clinical effectiveness; however, little is known regarding the implications of their implementation in daily practice. Tailoring training ...
Chisari C C Department of Neuroscience, Unit of Neurorehabilitation, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Exercise is well tolerated and induces relevant improvements in physical and mental functioning of persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Unfortunately, due to the wide variety of symptoms and the broad range of exercise interventions, it is not possible to make unified exercise recommendation as to what type of exercise is ...
Yokoi Katsushi K Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Kansai University of Welfare Sciences , Osaka , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of short stick exercise (SSEs) on fall prevention and improvement of physical function in older adults. Methods: A cluster randomized trial was conducted in five residential care facilities. The intervention group (n = 51) practiced SSEs for six months, followed by routine care for six more ...
Niemann Claudia C Jacobs Center on Lifelong Learning and Institutional Development, Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH, Bremen, - - 2014
Physical activity has been demonstrated to diminish age-related brain volume shrinkage in several brain regions accompanied by a reduction of age-related decline in cognitive functions. Most studies investigated the impact of cardiovascular fitness or training. Other types of fitness or training are less well investigated. In addition, little is known ...
Bossola Maurizio M Hemodialysis Service, Department of Surgery, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
Background and Aims: The knowledge of the barriers that are associated with decreased physical activity (PA) in patients on chronic hemodialysis (PCH) may be of primary importance for the nephrologists. Thus, we aimed to assess the barriers associated with the absent or reduced PA in PCH of a Mediterranean country. ...
Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H MH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
It is currently unknown, whether differences in physical fitness in older, non-exercising individuals affect cardiovascular risk profile and vascular function. To examine this, forty healthy older individuals (age 69±4years), non-exercising for the past 5-10 years, were allocated to a lower physical fitness (LF; VO2max 20.7±2.4mlO2/min/kg) or higher physical fitness group ...
Kehoe M M University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland - - 2014
Studies evaluating exercise interventions in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) demonstrate small to medium positive effects and large variability on a number of outcome measures. No study to date has tried to explain this variability. This paper presents a novel exploration of data examining the predictors of outcome for PwMS ...
Halvarsson Alexandra A Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Sweden Department of Physical Therapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden - - 2014
To give the rationale and evidence for and a detailed description of a rehabilitation programme of proven effectiveness in improving balance in older adults. Based on the knowledge that balance loss usually occurs in situations when attention is divided, especially when being older, and that balance control relies on the ...
Ashari Asmidawati - - 2014
Turning is a common activity for older people, and is one of the activities commonly associated with falls during walking. Falls that occur while walking and turning have also been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in older people. Despite the importance of stability during turning, there has ...
Berryman Nicolas N Département de Kinésiologie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succ. Centre Ville, Montréal, QC, Canada, H3C - - 2014
The effects of physical activity on cognition in older adults have been extensively investigated in the last decade. Different interventions such as aerobic, strength, and gross motor training programs have resulted in improvements in cognitive functions. However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship between physical activity and cognition are still poorly ...
Richardson Catherine A CA Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
Slow gait speed increases morbidity and mortality in older adults. We examined how preferred gait speed is associated with energetic requirements of walking, fatigability, and fatigue. Older adults (n = 36, 70-89 years) were categorized as slow or fast walkers based on median 400-m gait speed. We measured VO2peak by ...
Matsufuji Shota S Division of Rehabilitation, Inoue Hospital, Suita, - - 2014
Muscle atrophy and weakness impair activity of daily living (ADL). We examined whether chair stand exercise can improve ADL of hemodialysis patients. A randomized controlled trial. A single center study. Outpatients on hemodialysis older than 60 years (61-79 years). Twelve weeks of intervention with chair stand exercise, 3 sessions/week versus the ...
Sjögren Per P Unit of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Telomere length has been associated with a healthy lifestyle and longevity. However, the effect of increased physical activity on telomere length is still unknown. Therefore, the aim was to study the relationship between changes in physical activity level and sedentary behaviour and changes in telomere length. Telomere length was measured ...
Mulasso Anna A Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to assess the direct and indirect effects of a Multicomponent Exercise (MCE) on mobility and balance in institutionalized older people. One hundred and twelve subjects (85 women), 83.0-year-olds on average (SD=7.5), were included in the study, and divided into a MCE-Group (MCE-G) and a ...
Ruthig Joelle C JC University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, USA - - 2014
Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was applied to explore the relationship between perceived risk of acute health crises and intent to exercise. Interviews of 351 community-living older adults assessed prior physical activity (PPA), all PMT components, and exercise intent. A multi-group structural equation model revealed gender differences in PMT predictors of ...
Holland Anne E AE Department of Physiotherapy, Alfred Health , Melbourne , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is commonly used to measure exercise capacity in COPD, but it is unclear if this test is accurate when performed at home. This study aimed to determine whether exercise capacity can be accurately assessed at home using the 6MWT in COPD. Methods: A ...
Crockett Jennifer J Glasgow Learning Disability Services, NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde, Glasgow, - - 2014
People with intellectual disabilities experience high rates of falls. Balance and gait problems are common in people with intellectual disabilities, increasing the likelihood of falls; thus, tailored exercise interventions to improve gait and balance are recommended. The present authors set up a physiotherapy-led falls pathway service (FPS) for clients with ...
Park Jong-Hwan JH College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University , Busan, South - - 2014
Although numerous sources of evidence show that regular physical activity is beneficial to health, most individuals do not engage in a sufficient amount of physical activity to meet the guidelines set out by expert panels. In addition, the minimum amount of physical activity associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk markers ...
Denlinger Crystal S - - 2014
Healthy lifestyle habits have been associated with improved health outcomes and quality of life and, for some cancers, a reduced risk of recurrence and death. The NCCN Guidelines for Survivorship therefore recommend that cancer survivors be encouraged to achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, with attention to weight management, physical ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH 1 Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre , Nijmegen, the Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Schreuder, Tim HA, Jean Nyakayiru, Jeroen Houben, Dick H.J. Thijssen, and Maria T.E. Hopman. Impact of hypoxic versus normoxic training on physical fitness and vasculature in diabetes. High Alt Med Biol 15:349-355, 2014.- Exercise training improves physical fitness, insulin resistance, and endothelial function in type 2 diabetes. Hypoxia may ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2014
Moderate-intensity exercise training improves skeletal muscle aerobic capacity and increased oxidative enzyme activity, as well as exercise tolerance in COPD patients. To investigate whether the home-based exercise training program can reduce inflammatory biomarkers in patients with COPD, twelve patients using mobile phone assistance and 14 with free walk were assessed ...
Harvey Lara A LA Falls and Injury Prevention Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South - - 2014
Objective: To examine the age-specific population prevalence and predictors of uptake of home modifications and exercise to prevent falls in the NSW older population. Methods: A total of 5,681 respondents were asked questions on fall prevention activities as part of the 2009 NSW Falls Prevention Survey. Results were weighted to ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the - - 2014
In type 2 diabetes patients, endothelin(ET)-receptor-blockade may enhance blood flow responses to exercise training. The combination of exercise training and ET-receptor-blockade may represent a more potent stimulus to improve vascular function, physical fitness, and glucose homeostasis. We assessed the effect of an 8-week exercise training program combined with either ET-blockade ...
Keogh Kat - - 2014
Third-year nursing students at one university will be required to complete an exercise module as part of their training from next month.
Salazar-González Bertha Cecilia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. To test the effects of a physical-cognitive exercise intervention on gait parameters under dual-task conditions in community-dwelling older adults. Design. A repeated-measures quasi-experimental design, with control and exercise groups, was used. Setting. Study participants consist of a convenience sample recruited from senior citizens' centers in Monterrey, Mexico. Subjects. ...
Pawlak Ross R 1Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; 2Athletic Training Education Program School of Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; 3Department of Gerontology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
Structural firefighting is a dangerous and physically demanding profession. Thus, it is critical that firefighters exercise regularly to maintain optimal physical fitness levels. However, little is known about optimal training methods for firefighters and exercise equipment is often not available to on-duty firefighters. Therefore the purpose of this study was ...
Desgorces F D FD Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Perturbations of energy balance induce compensatory processes that may alter expected weight loss. In obese patients, our aim was to investigate the relationships that occurred between fasting plasma concentrations of anorexigenic peptides and metabolic parameters, appetite, physical capacity, and weight loss in the 5 first days of a program associating ...
de Oliveira Marcio R MR Health Science Research Center, Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance (LAFUP), University of Northern Parana (UNOPAR), 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil; Master and Doctoral Program in Rehabilitation Sciences UEL/UNOPAR, 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different types of exercise are indicated for the elderly to prevent functional capacity limitations due to aging and reduce the risk of falls. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different exercises (mini-trampoline, MT; aquatic gymnastics, AG and general floor gymnastics, GG) on postural balance in elderly women. ...
Hars Mélany M Division of Bone Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine Specialties, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland, - - 2014
Prospective controlled evidence supporting the efficacy of long-term exercise to prevent physical decline and reduce falls in old age is lacking. The present study aimed to assess the effects of long-term music-based multitask exercise (i.e., Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics) on physical function and fall risk in older adults. A 3-year follow-up extension ...
Kraft Justin A JA Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Missouri Western State University, St. Joseph, - - 2014
The ability of interactive video games (IVGs) to individualize physical demands influences their viability as a physical activity option. This study examined the influence of experience level on activity levels and affect resulting from playing a martial arts IVG. Twenty participants completed three 15-minute trials: (a) walking, (b) IVG with ...
Kegler Michelle C MC Dept. of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Physical activity levels, including walking, are lower in the south, particularly in rural areas. This study investigated the concept of rural neighborhood walkability to aid in developing tools for assessing walkability and to identify intervention targets in rural communities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with physically active adults (n=29) in rural ...
Mengelkoch L J LJ Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, St. Augustine, United - - 2014
This study compared energy costs and performance differences of walking and running for transtibial amputee (TTA) and matched non-amputee runners. TTA were tested with 3 prosthetic feet: traditional foot, SACH; general purpose, energy storing and return (ESAR) foot, Renegade; running-specific ESAR foot, Nitro. During walking, VO2 and gait efficiency (GE) ...
Wootton Sally L SL Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Chronic Disease Community Rehabilitation Service, Northern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, - - 2014
This study was designed to determine the effect of ground-based walking training on health-related quality of life and exercise capacity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). People with COPD were randomised to either a walking group that received supervised, ground-based walking training two to three times a week ...
Lewis Emma E MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), MSpMed, Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
Exercise is an inconsistently managed area in the health of expectant mothers. It is an area where family doctors have an opportunity to be well informed and willing to give advice. To provide simple advice on safe exercise practice in pregnancy. Exercise in pregnancy has multiple benefits for the mother, ...
Kanada Yoshikiyo Y Fujita Health University School of Health Sciences, Japan ; Fujita Health University Graduate School of Health Sciences, - - 2014
[Purpose] To examine the effects of intervention combining individualized and group rhythm (To-balance) exercises on the mental and physical functions of the elderly requiring low level care. [Subjects] A total of 29 elderly persons requiring level 2 assistance to level 2 who were and using outpatient care services participated in ...
Song Hyun-Seung HS Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daejeon University, Daejeon, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of exercising program utilizing proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation integration pattern (PIP), which is effective in improvement of the physical function, on the fall efficacy and gait ability of the elders who experienced injuries from falls. Also, this study aims to investigate ...
Legrand Fabien D FD EA 6291, Cognition Health and Socialization, Department of Psychology, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, Reims, - - 2014
We examined the possible mediating role of physical self-perceptions, physical self-esteem, and global self-esteem in the relationships between exercise and depression in a group of socioeconomically disadvantaged women with elevated symptoms of depression. Forty-four female residents of a low-income housing complex were randomized into a 7-week-long exercise-training group or a ...
Cordero Alberto A Departamento de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de San Juan, San Juan de Alicante,, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Regular physical exercise is an established recommendation for preventing and treating the main modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Performing physical activity of moderate intensity for a minimum of 30min 5 days a week or of high intensity for a minimum of 20min 3 days ...
Moreira Linda Denise Fernandes LD Division of Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Physical exercise is an important stimulus for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. However, it is not clear yet which modality would be better to stimulate bone metabolism and enhance physical function of postmenopausal women. This review paper aims to summarize and update present knowledge on the effects of different kinds of ...
Kumar Dodda Kiran DK Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences , Gannavaram, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2014
Since the number of dental patients is increasing day by day dentists are forced to spend longer times in dental chairs. This is increasing the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dentists. This article reviews the mechanisms causing musculoskeletal disorders among dentists and also covers the exercises that can be done ...
Segal Roanne R Medical Oncologist, Regional Cancer Center, Medical Lead, Breast Disease Site, Head Survivorship Program, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Program, Ottawa, - - 2014
Men who undergo long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) may experience systemic side effects similar to the classical metabolic syndrome. Exercise is a potential strategy for offsetting the adverse effects of ADT among patients with prostate cancer, resulting in improved muscular resistance and positive outcomes on body size and composition. Fitness ...
Camarillo Ignacio G IG Departments of aBiological Sciences bNutrition Science cAnimal Sciences dHealth and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, - - 2014
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Emerging research indicates that modifying lifestyle factors during pregnancy may convey long-term health benefits to offspring. This study was designed to determine whether maternal exercise during pregnancy leads to reduced mammary tumorigenesis in female offspring. Pregnant rats were randomly assigned to ...
Azuma Akihiro A 1 Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Summary.-This study was conducted to compare mechanical work during vigorous walking (which utilizes greater arm swings and step lengths) with that during normal walking and to examine whether individual differences (delta: vigorous walking - normal walking) in mechanical work during vigorous walking affected oxygen uptake (VO2). Six adult men (M ...
Davari Tanha Fatemeh F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Hospital, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
To evaluate physical activity of pregnant women before and after ACOG guideline study. Four hundred and eighty-five pregnant women enrolled in this before-after study. They were asked to study ACOG guideline. A structured questionnaire filled by women at first visit and the last visit in the prenatal clinic.Type, frequency, duration ...
Petrov Fieril Karolina K K. Petrov Fieril, MSc, RPT, Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SU/Sahlgrenska SE-41345, Gothenburg, - - 2014
BackgroundPregnant healthy women are recommended to do 30 minutes or more of light to moderate exercise a day on most, if not all, days of the week. However, only one out of six pregnant women in the US follows recommendations. Little attention has been given to the experience of exercise ...
Hazeldean Deborah - - 2014
There is a substantial body of evidence to suggest that exercise during pregnancy is not only safe but beneficial, yet many women remain unsure about what exercise is appropriate or indeed whether it is safe to exercise at all, opting instead for inactivity. The purpose of this article is to ...
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