Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1195
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Nijs Jo - - 2007
This study examined whether a linear exercise stress-testing protocol generated different peak exercise performance variables than a stepwise exercise testing protocol in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We conducted a comparative study with patients randomly allocated to one of two exercise testing protocols. Twenty-eight women with CFS completed two ...
Nago Takeshi - - 2007
Muscle training exercises are needed for muscular endurance during spaceflight. This study was designed to investigate effects of volitional contraction against applied electrical stimulation on the muscular endurance of the proximal upper extremity. Thirteen healthy sedentary men were allocated into two groups. One group participated in a hybrid (HYB) exercise ...
Shevchuk Nikolai A - - 2007
Physiological fatigue can be defined as a reduction in the force output and/or energy-generating capacity of skeletal muscle after exertion, which may manifest itself as an inability to continue exercise or usual activities at the same intensity. A typical example of a fatigue-related disorder is chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), a ...
Kiryu Tohru T Graduate School of Science and Technology, Center for Transdisciplinary Research, Niigata University, Nishi-Ku, Niigata, 950-2181 Japan. - - 2007
For health promotion and motor rehabilitation, controlling muscular fatigue on-site is important during exercise sessions. We have developed a ubiquitous wearable unit with a Linux board and tried to apply it to the control of a torque-assisted bicycle with a biosignal-based fuzzy system designed for a cycle ergometer. The results ...
Minogue Conor M CM Biomedical Research Ltd and the UCD School of Electrical, Electronic and Mechanical Engineering, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland. - - 2007
Electrical Stimulation (ES) is increasingly being considered as a means to improve cardio-pulmonary performance in patients with reduced exercise capacity. This short review considers the ES signal parameters and protocols used in studies that have included a measurement of oxygen uptake during the session. It suggests that the tetanic signal ...
Płaszewski Maciej - - 2006
Background. Static exercise leads to a greater heart rate increase than comparable dynamic effort, which matters in cardiovascular disorders. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is an alternative to volitional isometric exercise. Heart rate increases following both kinds of static effort to knee extensor muscles were compared. Material and Methods. 65 healthy volunteers ...
Abbiss Chris R - - 2007
Historically, research into possible causes of exercise-induced fatigue has been found to span numerous scientific disciplines, including medicine, psychology, physiology, neurophysiology, biochemistry, biomechanics, and physics. In order to better understand the mechanisms responsible for fatigue, these disciplines have viewed various aspects of fatigue, including the involvement of physiological, physical, biomechanical, ...
Theurel Jean - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare respiratory gas exchange variables and muscle fatigue between equal-intensity (i.e., same force output) electrostimulated and voluntary contractions of the quadriceps muscle (46+/-10% of maximal voluntary force). Twelve healthy men served as volunteers. Oxygen consumption, ventilation and respiratory exchange ratio were recorded during ...
Nicolas A - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the time-of-day effects on muscle fatigue and recovery process following an isometric fatiguing contraction. Sixteen male subjects were tested at two times (06:00h and 18:00h) and were requested to perform a sustained submaximal contraction of the elbow flexors, consisting in maintaining 40% ...
Hirata Kazuto - - 2006
In this study, we investigated the effect of low-frequency ES (electric stimulation) to muscle oxygenation level by NIRS (near infrared spectroscopy) from comparing with V-Ex (voluntary exercise). Ten subjects performed ES and V-Ex test in supine position on a bed with 90 degrees flexion of the right knee joint and ...
Hartvig Per - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is frequently reported by cancer patients receiving cytotoxic drugs. The specific mechanism of CRF in cancer patients is not completely known. In recent years, convincing evidence supports the management of fatigue with physical exercise. This study investigated a recommendation that physical activity, eg, a 30-minute ...
Gauche Elodie - - 2006
PURPOSE: This double-blind study investigated the effects of vitamin and mineral complex supplementation on the neuromuscular function of the knee-extensor muscles after a prolonged trail running race. METHODS: Twenty-two well-trained endurance runners took either placebo (Pl group) or vitamins and minerals (Vm group) for 21 d before the race and ...
Neill Jane - - 2006
AIM: This paper reports a systematic review of non-pharmacological interventions for fatigue in adults with three common autoimmune conditions. BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of people with multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus experience compromised quality of life due to fatigue. Recent reviews of pharmacotherapies for fatigue in these ...
Benwell Nicola M NM Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, WA, 6009, - - 2007
During fatiguing exercise corticomotor excitability increases as force declines, which may serve to increase motor output to the exercising muscle, but paradoxically at the same time there is an increase in silent period (SP) duration which is thought to represent a build-up of intracortical inhibition. Paired-pulse TMS at long interstimulus ...
Ross Emma Z - - 2007
It is unknown whether changes in corticomotor excitability follow prolonged exercise in healthy humans. Furthermore, the role of supraspinal fatigue in decrements of force production and voluntary activation following prolonged exercise has not been established. This study investigated peripheral and central fatigue after a marathon (42.2 km) on a treadmill. ...
Stout Jeffrey R - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 28 days of beta-alanine (b-Ala) and creatine monohydrate (CrM) supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue by using the physical working capacity at neuromuscular fatigue threshold (PWC(FT)) test in untrained men. Fifty-one men (mean age +/- SD = 24.5 ...
Mäestu Jarek - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the concepts of electromyographic (EMG) threshold (EMGT) by integrated EMG (iEMG) signals and neuromuscular fatigue threshold (NMFT) concepts in trained male athletes. Nine competitive national-level male rowers (21.8 +/- 4.4 years; 186.2 +/- 4.6 cm; 79.6 +/- 8.4 kg) took part in ...
Moalla Wassim - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the time-course of and the relationships between muscle oxygenation, blood volume and myoelectrical manifestations during isometric exercise in children. Twelve healthy children aged 12.5 +/- 1.2 years (mean +/- s) performed an isometric knee extension at 50% of their maximal voluntary contraction ...
Puetz Timothy W - - 2006
The authors investigated the effect of chronic exercise on feelings of energy and fatigue using meta-analytic techniques. Chronic exercise increased feelings of energy and lessened feelings of fatigue compared with control conditions by a mean effect delta of 0.37. The effect varied according to the presence or absence of a ...
Dimitrov George V - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to test the applicability and sensitivity of new electromyography (EMG) spectral indices in assessing peripheral muscle fatigue during dynamic knee-extension exercise. METHODS: Seven subjects completed 10 sets of 15 repetitions of right knee-extension exercise lifting 50% of their one-repetition maximum. Torque (T), ...
Verges Samuel - - 2007
Respiratory muscle fatigue develops during exhaustive exercise and can limit exercise performance. Respiratory muscle training, in turn, can increase exercise performance. We investigated whether respiratory muscle endurance training (RMT) reduces exercise-induced inspiratory and expiratory muscle fatigue. Twenty-one healthy, male volunteers performed twenty 30-min sessions of either normocapnic hyperpnoea (n = ...
Kindig Angela E - - 2007
ATP, by activating purinergic 2 (P2) receptors on group III and IV afferents, is thought to evoke the metabolic component of the exercise pressor reflex. Previously we have shown that injection of PPADS, a P2 receptor antagonist, into the arterial supply of skeletal muscle of decerebrated cats attenuated the responses ...
Garrandes F - - 2007
This study examined the impact of sport specificity on the time course of fatigue during maximal voluntary eccentric, concentric and isometric torque production following a submaximal isokinetic fatiguing exercise. Seven cyclists and seven triathletes performed a fatiguing exercise consisting of nine sets of 31 isokinetic concentric knee extensions at 1.05 ...
Lee Eun Ok - - 2006
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a major health problem in Korea. To explore the effects of regular exercise on pain, fatigue, and disability, a descriptive study was conducted in 435 Korean patients with RA. Exercisers were defined as those who are currently exercising more than 3 times a week, for at ...
Moran Kieran A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The principle of specificity suggests that it may be beneficial to undertake plyometric drop-jump training when fatigued. However, this may increase peak-impact accelerations and therefore increase the risk of injury. The aims of the study were to determine if whole-body fatigue (i) increased peak-impact acceleration on the proximal tibia ...
Toumi Hechmi - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to compare vertical jump performance after 2 different fatigue protocols. In the first protocol, subjects performed consecutive sets of 10 repetitions of stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) contractions. In the second protocol, successive sets of 10 repetitions of isometric contractions were performed for 10 s ...
Verges Samuel - - 2006
High-intensity exercise can induce diaphragm fatigue which can, in turn, limit exercise performance. We investigated whether expiratory muscles fatigue similarly during exhaustive exercise. Eleven healthy male volunteers cycled to exhaustion at 85% maximal power. Before, immediately after exercise, and after 30 and 60 min of recovery, the nerve roots supplying ...
Brunello E - - 2006
Structural and mechanical changes occurring in the myosin filament and myosin head domains during the development of the isometric tetanus have been investigated in intact frog muscle fibres at 4 degrees C and 2.15 microm sarcomere length, using sarcomere level mechanics and X-ray diffraction at beamline ID2 of the European ...
Tran Quan T - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different methods of measuring training volume, controlled in different ways, on selected variables that reflect acute neuromuscular responses. Eighteen resistance-trained males performed three fatiguing protocols of dynamic constant external resistance exercise, involving elbow flexors, that manipulated either time-under-tension (TUT) ...
Minetto M A - - 2006
Exercise stimulates the release of interleukin-6 (IL-6). Aims of the study were to: (a) analyse the IL-6 response to exercise in power (n = 7) and endurance athletes (n = 13); (b) determine the effects of the IL-6 production on mechanical and myoelectric fatigue; (c) evaluate the relationship between IL-6 ...
Skurvydas A - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of this study was to establish the main differences between men (M) and adolescents (A) (males) in metabolic fatigue and damage induced by exercise performed at maximal intensity. METHODS: Healthy A (age 13.4 0.6 years, n = 12) and healthy adult M (age 25.4 1.7 years, n ...
Coventry Evan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The forces that are imposed on the body due to landings must be attenuated primarily in the lower extremity. Muscles assist in the absorption of these forces, and it has been shown that a fatigued muscle decreases the body's ability to attenuate shock from running. The purpose of the ...
Biagini Maria Rosa MR Department of Clinical Pathophysiology, Gastroenterology Unit, University of Florence, Viale Morgagni 85 50134, Firenze, - - 2006
To evaluate the myoelectric manifestations of peripheral fatigability in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis in comparison to healthy subjects. Sixteen women with primary biliary cirrhosis without comorbidity and 13 healthy women matched for age and body mass index (BMI) completed the self-reported questionnaire fatigue impact scale. All subjects underwent surface ...
Hug François - - 2006
During exhaustive incremental pedaling exercises, root mean square or amplitude of integrated electromyographic values exhibits a nonlinear increase, i.e., the so-called electromyographic threshold (EMG(Th)). As proposed by various authors, this EMG(Th) could be used as a complementary indicator of the aerobic-anaerobic transition in physiological evaluations. However, most of these studies ...
Baker-Fulco Carol J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether creatine (Cr) supplementation improves muscle performance during exposure to acute hypobaric hypoxia. METHODS: Seven healthy men (28 +/- 6 yr, mean +/- SD) performed submaximal intermittent static knee contractions interspersed with maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) every minute to exhaustion (approximately 50% of rested MVC force) in ...
Royal Kylie A - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of fatigue on decision making and goal shooting skill in water polo. Fourteen junior elite male players (age 17.2 +/- 0.5 years; mass 84.2 +/- 7.6 kg; height 1.85 +/- 0.05 m) completed four sets of eight repetitions of an ...
McKenna Michael J - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been linked with both depressed Na(+),K(+)-pump activity and skeletal muscle fatigue. This study investigated N-acetylcysteine (NAC) effects on muscle Na(+),K(+)-pump activity and potassium (K(+)) regulation during prolonged, submaximal endurance exercise. Eight well-trained subjects participated in a double-blind, randomised, crossover design, receiving either NAC or saline ...
Benwell Nicola M NM Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia. - - 2006
We have previously shown that following a period of unimanual fatiguing exercise, there is a reduction in primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) activation with movement of either the fatigued or the non-fatigued hand by Benwell et al. (Exp Brain Res 167:160-164, 2005). In the present study we have investigated whether this ...
Smith Jay - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the electromyographic activity in the shoulder girdle musculature during scapulothoracic exercises performed in a shoulder immobilizer in asymptomatic men. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory at a tertiary care center. PARTICIPANTS: Five asymptomatic male volunteers ages 24 to 32 years. INTERVENTION: Fine-wire (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, upper subscapularis) and ...
Meeusen Romain - - 2006
It is clear that the cause of fatigue is complex, influenced by events occurring in both the periphery and the central nervous system. Work conducted over the last 20 years has focused on the role of brain serotonin and catecholamines in the development of fatigue, and the possibility that manipulation ...
Saey Didier - - 2006
Contractile fatigue is associated with exercise intolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Contractile fatigue may be assessed by quantifying the decline in strength after a fatiguing protocol but this may pose practical problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the decline in ...
Kinugasa R - - 2006
The purpose of our study was to determine the effect of vascular occlusion on neuromuscular activation and/or the energy metabolic characteristics of the quadriceps femoris (QF) muscles during muscle contractions. Seven men participated in the study. An occlusion cuff was attached to the proximal end of the right thigh, so ...
Hart Joseph M JM University of Virginia, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,Charlottesville, VA, USA. - - 2006
A neuromuscular relationship exists between the lumbar extensor and quadriceps muscles during fatiguing exercise. However, this relationship may be different for persons with low back pain (LBP). To compare quadriceps inhibition after isometric, fatiguing lumbar extension exercise between persons with a history of LBP and control subjects. A 2 x ...
Bowman Thomas G TG School of Health Science and Human Performance, Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, VA, USA. - - 2006
Muscular fatigue impedes sensorimotor function and may increase the risk of shoulder injury during activity. The effects of fatigue on the sensorimotor system of the shoulder have been studied with various results. Deceleration times have been used to study neuromuscular control of the shoulder; however, no studies involving the effects ...
Smith J Chadwick - - 2006
Previously, we showed that artificial rearing using the "pup in a cup" model results in decreased tongue activity and caused some minor alterations in the tongue retrusor musculature. However, the artificial rearing time frame previously chosen was brief (11 days). The purpose of the present investigation was to extend the ...
Amann Markus - - 2006
Changing arterial oxygen content (C(aO(2))) has a highly sensitive influence on the rate of peripheral locomotor muscle fatigue development. We examined the effects of C(aO(2)) on exercise performance and its interaction with peripheral quadriceps fatigue. Eight trained males performed four 5 km cycling time trials (power output voluntarily adjustable) at ...
Kavanagh Justin J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine how inducing fatigue of the 1) lumbar erector spinae and 2) cervical erector spinae (CES) muscles affected the ability to maintain head stability during walking. Triaxial accelerometers were attached to the head, upper trunk, and lower trunk to measure accelerations in the ...
Jaskólska Anna - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare mechanomyogram (MMG) recorded by a condenser microphone (MIC) and an accelerometer (ACC) during submaximal isometric, concentric and eccentric contractions in 14 males. The maximal voluntary force (MVC) of the biceps brachii was measured. The subjects were asked to do short duration isometric, ...
Delliaux S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study alterations in muscle function combining physiological, electrophysiological and metabolic measurements in patients receiving a statin at various dosages during long-term therapy. MATERIAL: A 3-month (D0, D30 and D90) longitudinal physiological and electrophysiological muscle study was performed in 26 patients receiving 10, 40 or 80 mg/day atorvastatin. METHOD: ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >