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Bland Helen W - - 2013
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a modified self-efficacy scale-the Pregnancy-Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (P-ESES). Pregnant women completed the P-ESES and physical activity questionnaires (N = 88). Internal consistency was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (alpha = 0.838) and equal-length Spearman-Brown (alpha = 8.22). Squared multiple correlation coefficients were calculated showing ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease characterized by inflammatory demyelination and neurodegeneration within the CNS. This damage of CNS structures leads to deficits of body functions, which, in turn, affect patient activities, such as walking, and participation. The pathogenesis and resulting consequences of MS have been described as concepts ...
Szymanski Linda M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal responses to strenuous exercise in physically active and inactive women. Forty-five healthy women (15 who were nonexercisers, 15 who were regularly active, 15 who were highly active) underwent a peak treadmill test at 28 weeks' gestation to 32 weeks 6 days' ...
Hager W David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The cause for shortness of breath amongst systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is often lacking. We sought to characterize the hemodynamics of these patients by using simple isotonic arm exercise during cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Catheterization was performed in 173 SSc patients when resting echocardiographic pulmonary systolic pressures were <40 but ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity levels in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) may reduce skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. Rehabilitation strategies might be altered by a measure of capacity that did not require invasive techniques or maximal exercise testing. For this purpose, we measured exercise onset and offset oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) kinetics ...
Giacobbi Peter R PR - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of quality of life after a 4-month progressive resistance training program for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). A second purpose was to examine participants' views about factors that facilitated or impeded exercise behavior. Qualitative interviews were conducted with eight females (Mage ...
Huisinga Jessie M - - 2012
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience abnormal gait patterns and reduced physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if an elliptical exercise intervention for patients with MS would change joint kinetics during gait toward healthy control values. Gait analysis was performed on patients with MS (n = ...
Dominelli Paolo B - - 2012
A healthy 36-year-old untrained (maximal oxygen consumption (Vo(2max)): 39mL/kg/min) woman completed multiple graded exercise tests on a treadmill. Temperature-corrected arterial blood samples were obtained in addition to esophageal pressure. Significant hypoxemia (-13mmHg arterial oxygen tension decrease) and arterial oxyhemoglobin desaturation (-6% decrease) was observed relative to rest and occurred during ...
Nilsagård Ylva E - - 2012
Background: The use of interactive video games is expanding within rehabilitation. The evidence base is, however, limited.Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Fit® balance exercise programme on balance function and walking ability in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods: A multi-centre, randomised, controlled single-blinded trial ...
Learmonth Y C - - 2012
Purpose: The evidence base to support therapeutic exercise for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is improving; however few studies have considered the patients' perspective. This study aimed to explore the experiences and views of people moderately affected with MS following participation in a 12-week exercise programme. Method: Twenty people with ...
Buchan Duncan S DS Institute of Clinical Exercise Science and Health, University of the West of Scotland , Hamilton, Scotland, - - 2012
This study examined the effects of high intensity exercise on physical fitness components and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth. Forty-one participants (15-17 years) were divided into a control and an intervention (high intensity exercise, HIT) group. The HIT group (15 boys, 2 girls) performed three weekly sessions over ...
Kargarfard Mehdi - - 2012
To examine the effectiveness of aquatic exercise training on fatigue and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Randomized controlled trial, 4-week and 8-week follow-up. Referral center of a multiple sclerosis society. Women (N=32) diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS (mean age ± SD, 32.6±8.0y) were recruited into ...
Sen Supratim - - 2012
Objective.  Previous studies have seldom compared functional capacity in children following Fontan procedure alongside those with Glenn operation as destination therapy. We hypothesized that Fontan circulation enables better midterm submaximal exercise capacity as compared to Glenn physiology and evaluated this using the 6-minute walk test. Design and Patients.  Fifty-seven children ...
Chakaravertty Biswajit - - 2012
The aim of the study was to calculate the maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max) for pregnant women of varying trimesters and to quantify the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)with the objective of being able to determine the exercise dose for antenatal women which can be prescribed to achieve optimal exercise benefits during various ...
Suga Tadashi - - 2012
Our previous study reported that intramuscular metabolic stress during low-intensity resistance exercise was significantly enhanced by combining blood flow restriction (BFR); however, they did not reach the levels achieved during high-intensity resistance exercise. That study was performed using a single set of exercise; however, usual resistance exercise consists of multiple ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
: The disabling consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS) emphasize the significance of developing physiologically relevant strategies for rehabilitation of function. This pilot study examined changes in walking function associated with combined exercise training consisting of aerobic, resistance, and balance activities in persons with MS who had recent onset of gait ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise (or physical activity) might have the potential to have an impact on multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology and thereby slow down the disease process in MS patients. The objective of this literature review was to identify the literature linking physical exercise (or activity) and MS ...
Scheidegger O - - 2012
Background: In multiple sclerosis (MS), fatigue is a common and often disabling symptom. It has multiple causes with central motor fatigue playing an important role.Objective: The objective of this study was to analyse the central motor conduction changes in relation to muscle contraction force during muscle fatigue and recovery in ...
Santos-Filho Sebastião David - - 2012
The objective of this work was to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration on people with multiple sclerosis (MS). PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus databases were systematically searched for studies on the use of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in people with MS. These searches were supplemented with material identified in the ...
Paulus David C - - 2012
The reduced gravity experienced during spaceflight leads to muscle and bone atrophy, and resistance exercise has proven to be an effective countermeasure. Thus, a compact computer-controlled electric-motor resistance exercise system is being developed for NASA. In order to save power, space, and weight, the torque specifications of the motor were ...
Freeman Jennifer - - 2012
People with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) frequently experience balance and mobility impairments, including reduced trunk stability. Pilates-based core stability training, which is aimed at improving control of the body's stabilising muscles, is popular as a form of exercise with people with MS and therapists. A replicated single case series study facilitated ...
Kawabata Ikuno I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nippon Medical School , Tokyo, - - 2012
The aim of our study was to use brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurements to noninvasively assess the effect of exercise training on arterial stiffness in normal pregnant women. Arterial stiffness was assessed at the beginning of the early second trimester of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery in 17 ...
Martin Donald - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This review evaluates the current understanding of the benefits and risks of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestinal system. A significant portion of endurance athletes are affected by gastrointestinal symptoms, but most symptoms are transient and do not have long-term consequences. Conversely, physical activity may have a protective ...
McConkey Marina J - - 2011
A 4-year-old male castrated English bulldog was referred to the Atlantic Veterinary College for evaluation of exercise intolerance, multiple syncopal episodes, and a grade IV/VI heart murmur. The dog was shown to have 3 congenital cardiac anomalies: atrial septal defect, mitral valve dysplasia, and subaortic stenosis. Medical management consisted of ...
Van Erck E E Equine Sports Medicine Practice, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2011
Dynamic upper airway obstruction (UAO) is a cause of respiratory noise and sometimes poor performance in sport horses. Riding, head flexion and airway inflammation may impact upper respiratory tract stability during exercise. To evaluate upper airway mechanical behaviour in ridden sport horses using overground endoscopy and the effect of head ...
Muñoz-Lasa Susana S Universidad Complutense, Dept. de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Madrid, - - 2011
Exercise therapy is an important part of symptomatic and supportive treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). According to the literature, equine-assisted therapies--such as therapeutic horseback riding (THR) and hippotherapy (HT)--are exercise therapies that can have positive physical effects on coordination, muscle tone, postural alignment, stiffness/flexibility, endurance and strength, correcting ...
Truong Pauline T - - 2011
: To evaluate tolerability and compliance to a walking exercise program and its effect on fatigue during and after radical external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer. : A total of 50 subjects with prostate cancer undergoing EBRT over 6 to 8 weeks were prospectively accrued to an exercise ...
Horner K M - - 2011
The gastrointestinal tract plays an important role in the improved appetite control and weight loss in response to bariatric surgery. Other strategies which similarly alter gastrointestinal responses to food intake could contribute to successful weight management. The aim of this review is to discuss the effects of surgical, pharmacological and ...
McLoughlin Paul - - 2011
EXPRESSION OF CONCERNExperimental Physiology has been informed by Bente Klarlund Pedersen, MD, DMSc, Professor of Integrative Medicine, Director of the Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases and CMRC Rigshospitalet at the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark, of concerns about the validity of some ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2011
We studied patients who were eligible for phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Rehabilitation was delivered either conventionally or by telemedicine using videoconferencing. There were 226 participants: 173 at the conventional site and 53 at the telemedicine site. At baseline, blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, lipid profiles, activity levels, dietary intake and behaviours ...
Vallier J M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), despite their ventilatory limitation, would develop neuromuscular fatigue of quadriceps muscles following a maximal cycling exercise. Eleven adults with CF (age=26.8±6.9years; forced expiratory volume in 1s=54.1±12.8% predicted) and 11 age-matched healthy subjects performed a maximal incremental ...
Eckhardt Holger - - 2011
Eckhardt, H, Wollny, R, Müller, H, Bärtsch, P, and Friedmann-Bette, B. Enhanced myofiber recruitment during exhaustive squatting performed as whole-body vibration exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 1120-1125, 2011-The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that myofiber recruitment is enhanced when whole-body vibration (WBV) is added to ...
Whitehurst David G T - - 2011
The delivery of acupuncture alongside mainstream interventions and the cost-effectiveness of "alternative" treatments remain areas of controversy. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-utility of adding acupuncture to a course of advice and exercise delivered by UK National Health Service (NHS) physical therapists to people with osteoarthritis ...
Tomczak Simone E - - 2011
: We asked whether submaximal exercise with chest wall restriction (CWR), as a model of restrictive pulmonary disease, would result in fatigue of the diaphragm in healthy humans. : To address this question, we used cervical magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves along with measures of transdiaphragmatic pressure. Seven healthy ...
Hartman Michael J - - 2011
Hartman, MJ, Ryan, ED, Cramer, JT, and Bemben, MG. The effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors on peak torque and voluntary activation in untrained and resistance-trained men. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 527-532, 2011-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors ...
Hubble Michael W - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Simulation exercises have long been used to teach management skills in business schools. However, this pedagogical approach has not been reported in emergency medical services (EMS) management education. We sought to develop, deploy, and evaluate a computerized simulation exercise for teaching EMS management skills. METHODS:: Using historical data, a ...
Powell J - - 2011
Objectives:  To generate consensus among faculty members regarding follow-up practice for well-defined clinical scenarios using a Delphi exercise and to identify if disseminating the consensus guidelines changed follow-up practice. Study Design:  Generation of consensus using a Delphi exercise and an audit of follow-up practice before and after dissemination of the ...
Döring Andrea - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) in young adults. The disease causes a wide range of symptoms depending on the localization and characteristics of the CNS pathology. In addition to drug-based immunomodulatory treatment, both drug-based and non-drug approaches are established ...
de Oliveira Erick Prado - - 2011
Among athletes strenuous exercise, dehydration and gastric emptying (GE) delay are the main causes of gastrointestinal (GI) complaints, whereas gut ischemia is the main cause of their nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and (blood) diarrhea. Additionally any factor that limits sweat evaporation, such as a hot and humid environment and/or body ...
Schommer Kai - - 2011
Gastrointestinal complaints are common among long distance runners. We hypothesised that small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is present in long distance runners frequently afflicted with gastrointestinal complaints. Seven long distance runners (5 female, mean age 29.1 years) with gastrointestinal complaints during and immediately after exercise without known gastrointestinal diseases performed ...
Glasgow Russell E - - 2011
Increased access to the Internet and the availability of efficacious eHealth interventions offer great promise for assisting adults with diabetes to change and maintain health behaviors. A key concern is whether levels of engagement in Internet programs are sufficient to promote and sustain behavior change. This paper used automated data ...
Schoffstall James E - - 2010
This study examined the electromyographic (EMG) response of the upper rectus abdominis (URA), lower rectus abdominis (LRA), internal obliques (IOs), external obliques (EOs), and the rectus femoris (RF) during various abdominal exercises (crunch, supine V-up, prone V-up on ball, prone V-up on slide board, prone V-up on TRX, and prone ...
Vucic Steve - - 2011
Recently, 2 physiologically distinct phases of short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) have been identified, a larger phase at interstimulus interval (ISI) 3 ms and a smaller phase at ISI 1 ms. While the former is mediated by synaptic processes, the mechanisms underlying the first phase of SICI remain a matter of ...
Pereira Ligia Maxwell - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the trunk muscles activity of hemiparetic and control subjects during selected therapeutic exercises with surface electromyography (sEMG). The sEMG evaluation included 12 subjects presenting hemiparesis after having suffered a unilateral stroke and 12 apparently healthy subjects. A 16-channel sEMG system was used; ...
Miller Kevin C - - 2010
Dehydration is hypothesized to cause exercise-associated muscle cramps. The theory states that dehydration contracts the interstitial space, thereby increasing the pressure on nerve terminals and cramps ensue. Research supporting this theory is often observational, and fatigue is rarely controlled. Inducing cramps with electrical stimulation minimizes many of the confounding factors ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2010
We previously reported that 6 weeks of exercise training had positive effects on feelings of vigor and fatigue among college students who reported persistent fatigue. Here we examined whether transient mood changes after single sessions of exercise would mimic those chronic effects and whether they would be related to changes ...
Oliver Gretchen D - - 2010
The purpose of the current study was to quantitatively examine the muscle activations of 3 common isometric core exercises (abdominal bridge, single-leg abdominal bridge, and superman) along with a newly introduced isometric exercise (flying squirrel) and determine if muscle activations differed among the exercises. The design was a comparison study. ...
Skurvydas Albertas - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of secondary progressive MS disease on central and peripheral fatigue in women and men during continuous 2-min maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) of the quadriceps muscle. We studied age-matched (40-50-years of age) healthy individuals (men, n=9; women, n=10) and MS patients ...
Matsuura Cristiane - - 2011
The aim of the study was to examine the changes in cerebral and muscle blood volume (Cbv, Mbv) and oxygenation (Cox, Mox) during static and dynamic knee extensions to fatigue in men (N = 10; 29 ± 9 years) and women (N = 14; 27 ± 8 years). After assessment of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) during unilateral knee extensions ...
Piitulainen H - - 2012
Morphological evidence suggests that fast-twitch fibers are prone to disruption of their membrane structures by eccentric exercise. However, it is unclear how this is reflected in the discharge rate and action potential propagation of individual motor units, especially at high contraction levels. High-density surface electromyograms were recorded from biceps brachii ...
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