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Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H MH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
It is currently unknown, whether differences in physical fitness in older, non-exercising individuals affect cardiovascular risk profile and vascular function. To examine this, forty healthy older individuals (age 69±4years), non-exercising for the past 5-10 years, were allocated to a lower physical fitness (LF; VO2max 20.7±2.4mlO2/min/kg) or higher physical fitness group ...
Bündchen Daiana C DC Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2014
Patients with heart failure (HF) usually develop exercise intolerance. In this context, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can help to increase physical performance. To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in patients with HF. Articles were searched in the ...
Kehoe M M University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland - - 2014
Studies evaluating exercise interventions in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) demonstrate small to medium positive effects and large variability on a number of outcome measures. No study to date has tried to explain this variability. This paper presents a novel exploration of data examining the predictors of outcome for PwMS ...
Halvarsson Alexandra A Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Sweden Department of Physical Therapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden - - 2014
To give the rationale and evidence for and a detailed description of a rehabilitation programme of proven effectiveness in improving balance in older adults. Based on the knowledge that balance loss usually occurs in situations when attention is divided, especially when being older, and that balance control relies on the ...
Ashari Asmidawati - - 2014
Turning is a common activity for older people, and is one of the activities commonly associated with falls during walking. Falls that occur while walking and turning have also been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in older people. Despite the importance of stability during turning, there has ...
Berryman Nicolas N Département de Kinésiologie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succ. Centre Ville, Montréal, QC, Canada, H3C - - 2014
The effects of physical activity on cognition in older adults have been extensively investigated in the last decade. Different interventions such as aerobic, strength, and gross motor training programs have resulted in improvements in cognitive functions. However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship between physical activity and cognition are still poorly ...
Richardson Catherine A CA Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
Slow gait speed increases morbidity and mortality in older adults. We examined how preferred gait speed is associated with energetic requirements of walking, fatigability, and fatigue. Older adults (n = 36, 70-89 years) were categorized as slow or fast walkers based on median 400-m gait speed. We measured VO2peak by ...
Matsufuji Shota S Division of Rehabilitation, Inoue Hospital, Suita, - - 2014
Muscle atrophy and weakness impair activity of daily living (ADL). We examined whether chair stand exercise can improve ADL of hemodialysis patients. A randomized controlled trial. A single center study. Outpatients on hemodialysis older than 60 years (61-79 years). Twelve weeks of intervention with chair stand exercise, 3 sessions/week versus the ...
Sjögren Per P Unit of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Telomere length has been associated with a healthy lifestyle and longevity. However, the effect of increased physical activity on telomere length is still unknown. Therefore, the aim was to study the relationship between changes in physical activity level and sedentary behaviour and changes in telomere length. Telomere length was measured ...
Mulasso Anna A Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to assess the direct and indirect effects of a Multicomponent Exercise (MCE) on mobility and balance in institutionalized older people. One hundred and twelve subjects (85 women), 83.0-year-olds on average (SD=7.5), were included in the study, and divided into a MCE-Group (MCE-G) and a ...
Ruthig Joelle C JC University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, USA - - 2014
Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was applied to explore the relationship between perceived risk of acute health crises and intent to exercise. Interviews of 351 community-living older adults assessed prior physical activity (PPA), all PMT components, and exercise intent. A multi-group structural equation model revealed gender differences in PMT predictors of ...
Holland Anne E AE Department of Physiotherapy, Alfred Health , Melbourne , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is commonly used to measure exercise capacity in COPD, but it is unclear if this test is accurate when performed at home. This study aimed to determine whether exercise capacity can be accurately assessed at home using the 6MWT in COPD. Methods: A ...
Crockett Jennifer J Glasgow Learning Disability Services, NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde, Glasgow, - - 2014
People with intellectual disabilities experience high rates of falls. Balance and gait problems are common in people with intellectual disabilities, increasing the likelihood of falls; thus, tailored exercise interventions to improve gait and balance are recommended. The present authors set up a physiotherapy-led falls pathway service (FPS) for clients with ...
Park Jong-Hwan JH College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University , Busan, South - - 2014
Although numerous sources of evidence show that regular physical activity is beneficial to health, most individuals do not engage in a sufficient amount of physical activity to meet the guidelines set out by expert panels. In addition, the minimum amount of physical activity associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk markers ...
Denlinger Crystal S - - 2014
Healthy lifestyle habits have been associated with improved health outcomes and quality of life and, for some cancers, a reduced risk of recurrence and death. The NCCN Guidelines for Survivorship therefore recommend that cancer survivors be encouraged to achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, with attention to weight management, physical ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH 1 Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre , Nijmegen, the Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Schreuder, Tim HA, Jean Nyakayiru, Jeroen Houben, Dick H.J. Thijssen, and Maria T.E. Hopman. Impact of hypoxic versus normoxic training on physical fitness and vasculature in diabetes. High Alt Med Biol 15:349-355, 2014.- Exercise training improves physical fitness, insulin resistance, and endothelial function in type 2 diabetes. Hypoxia may ...
Watanabe Shinichi S Graduate School of Medical Science, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate Course of Rehabilitation Science, Kanazawa University, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nagoya Medical Center, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the therapeutic usefulness of treadmill walking using a body weight support device (BWS), changes in circulatory dynamics and muscle activities with various levels of support were investigated. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into 3 groups: 20% BWS, 40% BWS, and full body weight (FBW). The ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2014
Moderate-intensity exercise training improves skeletal muscle aerobic capacity and increased oxidative enzyme activity, as well as exercise tolerance in COPD patients. To investigate whether the home-based exercise training program can reduce inflammatory biomarkers in patients with COPD, twelve patients using mobile phone assistance and 14 with free walk were assessed ...
Harvey Lara A LA Falls and Injury Prevention Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South - - 2014
Objective: To examine the age-specific population prevalence and predictors of uptake of home modifications and exercise to prevent falls in the NSW older population. Methods: A total of 5,681 respondents were asked questions on fall prevention activities as part of the 2009 NSW Falls Prevention Survey. Results were weighted to ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the - - 2014
In type 2 diabetes patients, endothelin(ET)-receptor-blockade may enhance blood flow responses to exercise training. The combination of exercise training and ET-receptor-blockade may represent a more potent stimulus to improve vascular function, physical fitness, and glucose homeostasis. We assessed the effect of an 8-week exercise training program combined with either ET-blockade ...
Keogh Kat - - 2014
Third-year nursing students at one university will be required to complete an exercise module as part of their training from next month.
Salazar-González Bertha Cecilia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. To test the effects of a physical-cognitive exercise intervention on gait parameters under dual-task conditions in community-dwelling older adults. Design. A repeated-measures quasi-experimental design, with control and exercise groups, was used. Setting. Study participants consist of a convenience sample recruited from senior citizens' centers in Monterrey, Mexico. Subjects. ...
Pawlak Ross R 1Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; 2Athletic Training Education Program School of Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; 3Department of Gerontology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
Structural firefighting is a dangerous and physically demanding profession. Thus, it is critical that firefighters exercise regularly to maintain optimal physical fitness levels. However, little is known about optimal training methods for firefighters and exercise equipment is often not available to on-duty firefighters. Therefore the purpose of this study was ...
Desgorces F D FD Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Perturbations of energy balance induce compensatory processes that may alter expected weight loss. In obese patients, our aim was to investigate the relationships that occurred between fasting plasma concentrations of anorexigenic peptides and metabolic parameters, appetite, physical capacity, and weight loss in the 5 first days of a program associating ...
de Oliveira Marcio R MR Health Science Research Center, Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance (LAFUP), University of Northern Parana (UNOPAR), 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil; Master and Doctoral Program in Rehabilitation Sciences UEL/UNOPAR, 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different types of exercise are indicated for the elderly to prevent functional capacity limitations due to aging and reduce the risk of falls. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different exercises (mini-trampoline, MT; aquatic gymnastics, AG and general floor gymnastics, GG) on postural balance in elderly women. ...
Hars Mélany M Division of Bone Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine Specialties, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland, - - 2014
Prospective controlled evidence supporting the efficacy of long-term exercise to prevent physical decline and reduce falls in old age is lacking. The present study aimed to assess the effects of long-term music-based multitask exercise (i.e., Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics) on physical function and fall risk in older adults. A 3-year follow-up extension ...
Kraft Justin A JA Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Missouri Western State University, St. Joseph, - - 2014
The ability of interactive video games (IVGs) to individualize physical demands influences their viability as a physical activity option. This study examined the influence of experience level on activity levels and affect resulting from playing a martial arts IVG. Twenty participants completed three 15-minute trials: (a) walking, (b) IVG with ...
Kegler Michelle C MC Dept. of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Physical activity levels, including walking, are lower in the south, particularly in rural areas. This study investigated the concept of rural neighborhood walkability to aid in developing tools for assessing walkability and to identify intervention targets in rural communities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with physically active adults (n=29) in rural ...
Mengelkoch L J LJ Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, St. Augustine, United - - 2014
This study compared energy costs and performance differences of walking and running for transtibial amputee (TTA) and matched non-amputee runners. TTA were tested with 3 prosthetic feet: traditional foot, SACH; general purpose, energy storing and return (ESAR) foot, Renegade; running-specific ESAR foot, Nitro. During walking, VO2 and gait efficiency (GE) ...
Wootton Sally L SL Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Chronic Disease Community Rehabilitation Service, Northern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, - - 2014
This study was designed to determine the effect of ground-based walking training on health-related quality of life and exercise capacity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). People with COPD were randomised to either a walking group that received supervised, ground-based walking training two to three times a week ...
Lewis Emma E MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), MSpMed, Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
Exercise is an inconsistently managed area in the health of expectant mothers. It is an area where family doctors have an opportunity to be well informed and willing to give advice. To provide simple advice on safe exercise practice in pregnancy. Exercise in pregnancy has multiple benefits for the mother, ...
Kanada Yoshikiyo Y Fujita Health University School of Health Sciences, Japan ; Fujita Health University Graduate School of Health Sciences, - - 2014
[Purpose] To examine the effects of intervention combining individualized and group rhythm (To-balance) exercises on the mental and physical functions of the elderly requiring low level care. [Subjects] A total of 29 elderly persons requiring level 2 assistance to level 2 who were and using outpatient care services participated in ...
Song Hyun-Seung HS Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daejeon University, Daejeon, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of exercising program utilizing proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation integration pattern (PIP), which is effective in improvement of the physical function, on the fall efficacy and gait ability of the elders who experienced injuries from falls. Also, this study aims to investigate ...
Legrand Fabien D FD EA 6291, Cognition Health and Socialization, Department of Psychology, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, Reims, - - 2014
We examined the possible mediating role of physical self-perceptions, physical self-esteem, and global self-esteem in the relationships between exercise and depression in a group of socioeconomically disadvantaged women with elevated symptoms of depression. Forty-four female residents of a low-income housing complex were randomized into a 7-week-long exercise-training group or a ...
Kahlin Yvonne Y Dept of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
Physical activity and sport participation often decline during adolescence. To investigate if physical exercise during 6 months could lead to a positive behavior of physical activity, improve physical fitness and self-related health in physically inactive female high school students. A prospective cluster-randomized controlled intervention study included 104 physically inactive female ...
Cordero Alberto A Departamento de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de San Juan, San Juan de Alicante,, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Regular physical exercise is an established recommendation for preventing and treating the main modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Performing physical activity of moderate intensity for a minimum of 30min 5 days a week or of high intensity for a minimum of 20min 3 days ...
Moreira Linda Denise Fernandes LD Division of Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Physical exercise is an important stimulus for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. However, it is not clear yet which modality would be better to stimulate bone metabolism and enhance physical function of postmenopausal women. This review paper aims to summarize and update present knowledge on the effects of different kinds of ...
Kumar Dodda Kiran DK Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences , Gannavaram, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2014
Since the number of dental patients is increasing day by day dentists are forced to spend longer times in dental chairs. This is increasing the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dentists. This article reviews the mechanisms causing musculoskeletal disorders among dentists and also covers the exercises that can be done ...
Segal Roanne R Medical Oncologist, Regional Cancer Center, Medical Lead, Breast Disease Site, Head Survivorship Program, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Program, Ottawa, - - 2014
Men who undergo long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) may experience systemic side effects similar to the classical metabolic syndrome. Exercise is a potential strategy for offsetting the adverse effects of ADT among patients with prostate cancer, resulting in improved muscular resistance and positive outcomes on body size and composition. Fitness ...
Camarillo Ignacio G IG Departments of aBiological Sciences bNutrition Science cAnimal Sciences dHealth and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, - - 2014
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Emerging research indicates that modifying lifestyle factors during pregnancy may convey long-term health benefits to offspring. This study was designed to determine whether maternal exercise during pregnancy leads to reduced mammary tumorigenesis in female offspring. Pregnant rats were randomly assigned to ...
Azuma Akihiro A 1 Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Summary.-This study was conducted to compare mechanical work during vigorous walking (which utilizes greater arm swings and step lengths) with that during normal walking and to examine whether individual differences (delta: vigorous walking - normal walking) in mechanical work during vigorous walking affected oxygen uptake (VO2). Six adult men (M ...
Davari Tanha Fatemeh F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Hospital, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
To evaluate physical activity of pregnant women before and after ACOG guideline study. Four hundred and eighty-five pregnant women enrolled in this before-after study. They were asked to study ACOG guideline. A structured questionnaire filled by women at first visit and the last visit in the prenatal clinic.Type, frequency, duration ...
Petrov Fieril Karolina K K. Petrov Fieril, MSc, RPT, Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SU/Sahlgrenska SE-41345, Gothenburg, - - 2014
BackgroundPregnant healthy women are recommended to do 30 minutes or more of light to moderate exercise a day on most, if not all, days of the week. However, only one out of six pregnant women in the US follows recommendations. Little attention has been given to the experience of exercise ...
Calabrò R S - - 2014
The Lokomat is a robotic device that has been widely used for gait rehabilitation in several neurological disorders, with a positive effect also in the chronic phase. We describe the case of a 54-yearold female with post-stroke moderate-to-severe chronic hemiplegia, whose force, gait and balance significantly improved after intensive training ...
Hazeldean Deborah - - 2014
There is a substantial body of evidence to suggest that exercise during pregnancy is not only safe but beneficial, yet many women remain unsure about what exercise is appropriate or indeed whether it is safe to exercise at all, opting instead for inactivity. The purpose of this article is to ...
Menezes Arthur R AR Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School-The University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Advanced age is associated with a higher prevalence of CHD as well as increased morbidity and mortality. One key vulnerability relates to the fact that older individuals are generally among the least fit, least active cohort and at increased ...
Mosavat Maryam M 0000-0003-2177-4470 Sport Science Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
This study was performed to determine the effects of 8-week honey supplementation combined with different jumping exercise intensities on serum cortisol, progesterone, estradiol, and reproductive organs. Eighty-four 9-week-old female rats were divided into 7 groups: baseline controls (C0), sedentary group (C), 20 and 80 jumps per day (Ex20J, Ex80J), honey ...
Lotgering Frederik K FK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In 1980 I came to Loma Linda to study maternal exercise, with Dr. Longo as my mentor. For millennia strenuous exercise was considered harmful for the fetus. Early studies reinforced that idea, by showing that exercise reduced uterine blood flow and fetal PO2 by up to 40 and 29 %, ...
García-Rio Francisco F Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario La Paz, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain, and CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Madrid, - - 2014
To characterize the distribution of BMI in a population-based sample of COPD patients and to evaluate the impact of obesity on their health status, exercise tolerance, systemic inflammation and comorbidity. A population-based sample of 3,797 subjects aged 40-80 years from the EPI-SCAN study was selected. Subjects were categorized according their ...
Sherrington Catherine C The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Home exercise can prevent falls in the general older community but its impact in people recently discharged from hospital is not known. The study aimed to investigate the effects of a home-based exercise program on falls and mobility among people recently discharged from hospital. This randomised controlled trial (ACTRN12607000563460) was ...
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