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Pereira Ligia Maxwell - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the trunk muscles activity of hemiparetic and control subjects during selected therapeutic exercises with surface electromyography (sEMG). The sEMG evaluation included 12 subjects presenting hemiparesis after having suffered a unilateral stroke and 12 apparently healthy subjects. A 16-channel sEMG system was used; ...
Miller Kevin C - - 2010
Dehydration is hypothesized to cause exercise-associated muscle cramps. The theory states that dehydration contracts the interstitial space, thereby increasing the pressure on nerve terminals and cramps ensue. Research supporting this theory is often observational, and fatigue is rarely controlled. Inducing cramps with electrical stimulation minimizes many of the confounding factors ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2010
We previously reported that 6 weeks of exercise training had positive effects on feelings of vigor and fatigue among college students who reported persistent fatigue. Here we examined whether transient mood changes after single sessions of exercise would mimic those chronic effects and whether they would be related to changes ...
Oliver Gretchen D - - 2010
The purpose of the current study was to quantitatively examine the muscle activations of 3 common isometric core exercises (abdominal bridge, single-leg abdominal bridge, and superman) along with a newly introduced isometric exercise (flying squirrel) and determine if muscle activations differed among the exercises. The design was a comparison study. ...
Skurvydas Albertas - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of secondary progressive MS disease on central and peripheral fatigue in women and men during continuous 2-min maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) of the quadriceps muscle. We studied age-matched (40-50-years of age) healthy individuals (men, n=9; women, n=10) and MS patients ...
Matsuura Cristiane - - 2011
The aim of the study was to examine the changes in cerebral and muscle blood volume (Cbv, Mbv) and oxygenation (Cox, Mox) during static and dynamic knee extensions to fatigue in men (N = 10; 29 ± 9 years) and women (N = 14; 27 ± 8 years). After assessment of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) during unilateral knee extensions ...
Piitulainen H - - 2012
Morphological evidence suggests that fast-twitch fibers are prone to disruption of their membrane structures by eccentric exercise. However, it is unclear how this is reflected in the discharge rate and action potential propagation of individual motor units, especially at high contraction levels. High-density surface electromyograms were recorded from biceps brachii ...
Meeusen R - - 2010
Fatigue is a complex phenomenon that can be evoked by peripheral and central factors. Although it is obvious that fatigue has peripheral causes such as glycogen depletion and cardiovascular strain, recent literature also focuses on the central origin of fatigue. It is clear that different brain neurotransmitters--such as serotonin, dopamine ...
Miyamoto Naokazu - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of wearing a graduated elastic compression (EC) stocking, with different pressure profiles during a fatiguing calf-raise exercise session, on the torque generating capacity after exercise. Fourteen subjects performed 15 sets of 10 repetitions of calf-raise exercise, wearing one of ...
Fowler D E - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of exercise without vibration and exercise with vibration (27 Hz) on the cortical silent period (CSP) and cortical motor threshold (CMT) measured using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). In 22 university athletes, a circular coil attached to a TMS stimulator was ...
Decorte N - - 2012
The kinetics of central and peripheral fatigue development during an intensive constant-load cycling exercise was evaluated to better understand the mechanisms of task failure. Thirteen males cycled to exhaustion at 80% of maximal power output in intermittent bouts of 6 min of exercise with 4-min break between bouts to assess quadriceps ...
Lericollais R - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the evolution of pedaling kinetics and kinematics during a short-term fatigue cycling exercise at two times of day. Twenty active male subjects were asked to perform a 60-s Wingate test against a constant braking resistance during two experimental sessions at 06:00 and ...
Paillard Thierry - - 2010
One session of sustained unilateral voluntary muscular contractions increases central fatigue and induces a cross-over of fatigue of homologous contralateral muscles. It is not known, however, how this cross-transfer affects contralateral unipedal postural control. Moreover, contralateral neurophysiological effects differ between voluntary muscular contractions and electrically stimulated contractions. The aims of ...
Montain Scott J - - 2010
The mechanisms by which dehydration impairs endurance performance remain unresolved but may involve alterations in afferent neural processing. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hypohydration on somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) at rest and during recovery from fatiguing exercise. Fourteen volunteers (12 men, 2 women) performed ...
Shibuya Kenichi - - 2010
It remains unclear whether activation kinetics in the motor cortex area is affected by training. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of training on the motor cortex activation. To accomplish this, the correlation between maximal voluntary contraction and motor cortex (M1) activity was examined. Differences ...
Hristovski Robert - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to unravel the integration among component processes that jointly lead to a fatigue-induced spontaneous termination point (FISTP), and to pinpoint possible mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. On 5 days during 2 weeks, six participants, who were familiar with the task, performed a quasi-isometric arm-curl ...
Morrison S - - 2010
Physiological tremor is an inherent feature of the motor system that is influenced by intrinsic (neuromuscular) and/or extrinsic (task) factors. Given that tremor must be accounted for during the performance of many fine motor skills; there is a requirement to clarify how different factors interact to influence tremor. This study ...
Hibbs A E - - 2011
Core strengthening and stability exercises are fundamental for any conditioning training program. Although surface electromyography (sEMG) is used to quantify muscle activity there is a lack of research using this method to investigate the core musculature and core stability. Two types of data reduction are commonly used for sEMG; peak ...
Tunay Volga Bayrakc─▒ - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish the effects of hospital- and home-based proprioceptive and strengthening exercise programs on proprioception, pain, and functional status in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Sixty patients with bilateral knee OA were randomly allocated into either a home-based or hospital-based exercise program. Hospital-based exercise group ...
Dodd Marylin J - - 2010
Few studies have evaluated an individualized home-based exercise prescription during and after cancer treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a home-based exercise training intervention, the Pro-self Fatigue Control Program on the management of cancer-related fatigue. Participants (N = 119) were randomized into 1 of ...
Zuniga J M - - 2010
The purposes of this study were twofold: 1) to derive the mechanomyographic mean power frequency fatigue threshold (MMG MPFFT) for submaximal cycle ergometry; and 2) to compare the power outputs associated to the MMG MPFFT to other neuromuscular and gas exchange fatigue thresholds. 9 adults (5 men and 4 women; ...
Singh Navrag B - - 2010
This study investigated the hypothesis that fatiguing exercises led to increased force fluctuations during submaximal isometric knee extensions and to decreased accuracy and steadiness in the time and frequency domains. Sixteen young adults (eight males, eight females) were tested, in a seated posture with 90 degrees knee flexion, to assess ...
Rasmussen P - - 2010
Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) increases exercise capacity by stimulating erythropoiesis and subsequently enhancing oxygen delivery to the working muscles. In a large dose, EPO crosses the BBB and may reduce central fatigue and improve cognition. In turn, this would augment exercise capacity independent of erythropoiesis. To test this hypothesis, 15 ...
Suárez Andrea - - 2010
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disabling illness of unknown etiology that is characterized by fatigue associated with a reduced ability to work, lasting for more than 6 months, and accompanied by a specific set of symptoms. The diagnosis remains difficult because of the absence of laboratory tests and is, ...
Flinn Nancy A - - 2010
Fatigue affects many persons after cerebrovascular accident, particularly those with mild stroke. A qualitative methodology using focus groups with 19 community-living post-stroke survivors was utilized to explore the occupational impact of fatigue as communicated by the participants. Although self-report of a small sample of the United States' post-stroke population will ...
Louis Julien - - 2010
The influence of vitamin and mineral complex supplementation on muscular activity and cycling efficiency was examined in elderly endurance-trained master athletes during a heavy cycling trial. Master athletes were randomly assigned in a double-blind process to 1 of 2 treatment groups: antioxidant supplementation (n = 8: As group) or placebo ...
Chang Yuanmay - - 2010
Over the past three decades, research has been carried out on the effects of exercise on chronic kidney disease patients for improving their physical potential. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of intradialytic leg ergometry exercise for improving fatigue and daily physical activity levels among chronic ...
Kabitz Hans-Joachim - - 2010
Based on externally paced (repetitive) short-term trials exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue has been shown to manifest after rather than during exercise. The current study aimed at investigating diaphragmatic contractility and diaphragmatic fatigue during self-paced long-term exhaustive exercise at maximally tolerated loading by the use of supramaximal twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure (TwPdi). Seven ...
Katz Ben Z - - 2010
Six months after acute infectious mononucleosis (IM), 13% of adolescents meet criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). We measured exercise tolerance in adolescents with CFS and control subjects 6 months after IM. Twenty-one adolescents with CFS 6 months after IM and 21 recovered control subjects performed a maximal incremental exercise ...
Skurvydas Albertas - - 2010
Healthy untrained men (N = 11) were asked to perform 10 series of 12 repetitions of knee eccentric extension (EE) at 160 degrees per second. Quadriceps muscle torques evoked by electrical stimulation at 20 Hz (P20) and 100 Hz (P100), maximal voluntary isometric contraction torque (MVC), maximal isokinetic concentric torque ...
Skurvydas A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity plyometric training (PT) on central and peripheral fatigue during exercise performed at maximal intensity in prepubertal boys. The boys (n=13, age 10.3+/-0.3 years) performed continuous 2-min maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) before and after 16 high-intensity PT sessions (two ...
Paillard Thierry - - 2010
Muscle fatigue affects muscle strength and postural control. However, it is not known whether impaired postural control after fatiguing muscular exercise depends on the nature of the muscle contraction. To answer this question, the present study analyzes changes in postural control after two fatiguing exercises of equal duration and intensity ...
Guenette Jordan A - - 2010
There is evidence that female athletes may be more susceptible to exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia and expiratory flow limitation and have greater increases in operational lung volumes during exercise relative to men. These pulmonary limitations may ultimately lead to greater levels of diaphragmatic fatigue in women. Accordingly, the purpose of this ...
Rasmussen P - - 2010
Maximal exercise may be limited by central fatigue defined as an inability of the central nervous system to fully recruit the involved muscles. This study evaluated whether a reduction in the cerebral oxygen-to-carbohydrate index (OCI) and in the cerebral mitochondrial oxygen tension relate to the ability to generate a maximal ...
Cui Jian - - 2010
The role adenosine plays in evoking the exercise pressor reflex in humans remains controversial. We hypothesized that localized forearm adenosine receptor blockade would attenuate muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) responses to fatiguing handgrip exercise in humans. Blood pressure (Finometer), heart rate, and MSNA from the peroneal nerve were assessed in ...
Cerri Gabriella - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a female-predominant autoimmune liver disease, is commonly associated with fatigue, a sensation of weariness from physical activity. In healthy subjects, motor evoked potentials (MEPs) elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) increase in amplitude during fatiguing exercise and decrease after the exercise due to post-contraction cortical ...
Long Joy L - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-group, repeated-measures design. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate electromyographic (EMG) signal amplitude in the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and deltoid muscles during pendulum exercises and light activities in a group of healthy subjects. BACKGROUND: There are numerous rehabilitation protocols used after rotator cuff repair. One of the most commonly used exercises ...
Jones D E J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine muscle acid handling following exercise in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS/ME) and the relationship with autonomic dysfunction. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Regional fatigue service. SUBJECTS & INTERVENTIONS: Chronic fatigue syndrome (n = 16) and age and sex matched normal controls (n = 8) underwent phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...
Nijs J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Too vigorous exercise or activity increase frequently triggers postexertional malaise in people with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), a primary characteristic evident in up to 95% of people with ME/CFS. The present study aimed at examining whether two different types of exercise results in changes in health status, circulating ...
Fauth McKenzie L - - 2010
The reliability of electromyographic (EMG) data has been examined for isometric and slow dynamic tasks, but little is known about the repeatability of this data for ballistic movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the within-session, trial-to-trial reliability of a variety of quadriceps and hamstrings muscles during isometric ...
Hollingsworth Kieren G KG Newcastle Magnetic Resonance Centre, Newcastle University, - - 2010
Upon exercise, primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is associated with significant acidosis in peripheral muscle with recovery rate from acidosis strongly associating with fatigue. PBC patients describe particular problems with repeat exercise describing subsequent exercise episodes being limited by perceived effects of the first. We modelled this effect by exploring kinetics ...
Brazaitis Marius - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that improved physiological symptoms of passively induced heat acclimation (HA) might impair the impact of hyperthermia on central fatigue and consequently cause greater peripheral fatigue. Subjects in the experimental group (7 males and 6 females) completed seven sessions of HA involving passive heating of the lower ...
White Andrea T - - 2010
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients often report symptom flare (SF) for >24 h after moderate exercise (post-ex). We hypothesized that SF is linked to increases in circulating cytokines and CD40 Ligand (CD40L). In 19 CFS patients and 17 controls, mental and physical fatigue and pain symptom ratings were obtained together ...
Mileva Katya N - - 2010
This study was conducted to investigate whether the low-frequency (5-Hz) oscillatory vibration-like stimulus, purported to be delivered by exercising with Flexi-bar, acutely affects muscle activation and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force. Nine healthy men participated in 2 trials, separated by at least 1 week, during which 4 x 30-second sets ...
Roelands Bart - - 2010
The scientific evidence is reviewed for the involvement of the brain monoamines serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) in the onset of fatigue, in both normal and high ambient temperatures. The main focus is the pharmacological manipulations used to explore the central fatigue hypothesis. The original central fatigue hypothesis emphasizes that ...
Sander Mikael - - 2010
Static isometric exercise increases muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) and mean arterial pressure, both of which can be maintained at the conclusion of the exercise by occlusion of the arterial supply [postexercise ischemia (PEI)]. To identify the cortical and subcortical sites involved, and to differentiate between central command and reflex ...
Mallor Fermin - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyze exercise-induced leg fatigue during a dynamic fatiguing task by examining the shapes of power vs. time curves through the combined use of several statistical methods: B-spline smoothing, functional principal components and (supervised and unsupervised) classification. In addition, granulometric size distributions were also ...
Wilkinson Daniel J - - 2010
This review addresses the ammonia fatigue theory in light of new evidence from exercise and disease studies and aims to provide a view of the role of ammonia during exercise. Hyperammonemia is a condition common to pathological liver disorders and intense or exhausting exercise. In pathology, hyperammonemia is linked to ...
Green Jackson G - - 2010
Isometric contractions, such as occurring during rock climbing, occlude blood flow to the active musculature. The ability to maximize forearm blood flow between such contractions is a likely determinant of intermittent handgrip performance. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that intermittent isometric handgrip performance is improved by 2 common ...
Stone Marcus B - - 2010
Though clinical observations and laboratory data provide some support for the neuromuscular imbalance theory of the genesis of exercise-associated muscle cramps, no direct evidence has been published. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of local muscle fatigue on the threshold frequency of an electrically induced muscle ...
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