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Menezes Arthur R AR Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School-The University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Advanced age is associated with a higher prevalence of CHD as well as increased morbidity and mortality. One key vulnerability relates to the fact that older individuals are generally among the least fit, least active cohort and at increased ...
Mosavat Maryam M 0000-0003-2177-4470 Sport Science Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
This study was performed to determine the effects of 8-week honey supplementation combined with different jumping exercise intensities on serum cortisol, progesterone, estradiol, and reproductive organs. Eighty-four 9-week-old female rats were divided into 7 groups: baseline controls (C0), sedentary group (C), 20 and 80 jumps per day (Ex20J, Ex80J), honey ...
Lotgering Frederik K FK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In 1980 I came to Loma Linda to study maternal exercise, with Dr. Longo as my mentor. For millennia strenuous exercise was considered harmful for the fetus. Early studies reinforced that idea, by showing that exercise reduced uterine blood flow and fetal PO2 by up to 40 and 29 %, ...
García-Rio Francisco F Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario La Paz, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain, and CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Madrid, - - 2014
To characterize the distribution of BMI in a population-based sample of COPD patients and to evaluate the impact of obesity on their health status, exercise tolerance, systemic inflammation and comorbidity. A population-based sample of 3,797 subjects aged 40-80 years from the EPI-SCAN study was selected. Subjects were categorized according their ...
Sherrington Catherine C The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Home exercise can prevent falls in the general older community but its impact in people recently discharged from hospital is not known. The study aimed to investigate the effects of a home-based exercise program on falls and mobility among people recently discharged from hospital. This randomised controlled trial (ACTRN12607000563460) was ...
Yu Chang Ho CH Division of Biomedical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Deokjin-Dong 1-Ga, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, South - - 2014
In this study, we assessed indoor horse riding exercise's effects on basal physical exercise and activities of daily living (ADL) function using horse riding equipment, involving elderly test subjects (in their sixties). The participants were 20 people with no impediment to activity. They participated in experiments that lasted 60 min ...
Gardner Andrew W AW Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (OUHSC), Oklahoma City, OK (A.W.G., P.S.M.) Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial compared changes in primary outcome measures of claudication onset time (COT) and peak walking time (PWT), and secondary outcomes of submaximal exercise performance, daily ambulatory activity, vascular function, inflammation, and calf muscle hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2) in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) ...
Almodhy M M Centre for Sports & Exercise Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, - - 2014
To determine if the metabolic cost of the incremental shuttle-walking test protocol is the same as treadmill walking or predicted values of walking-speed equations. Primary care (community-based cardiac rehabilitation). Eight Caucasian cardiac rehabilitation patients (7 males) with a mean age of 67±5.2 years. Oxygen consumption, metabolic power and energy cost of ...
Morishima Yutaka Y Department of Sports Medical Sciences, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan; Department of Rehabilitation, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, - - 2014
Due to the reduced physical activity of patients who have undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA), there are no home-based exercise training regimens for preventing muscle atrophy and aerobic capacity impairment in these patients. We examined whether interval walking training (IWT) could prevented these issues. Twenty-eight female patients (∼60 years of ...
Bahls Martin - - 2013
Background: The intrauterine environment is influenced by maternal behaviour and programs atherosclerotic disease susceptibility in offspring. The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that mothers' exercise during pregnancy improves endothelial function in 3, 5, and 9 month-old porcine offspring. Results: The pregnant sows in the exercise group ...
Lease Haidee J HJ School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, - - 2013
The study sought to contribute to the measurement of maladaptive exercise by examining the psychometric properties of a variety of instruments and classification algorithms. The primary aim was to identify the items or scales necessary and sufficient to quantify the construct. A secondary aim was to comment on the construct ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In spite of an extensive knowledge of the physiologic features of exercise during pregnancy, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of the effects of different types, intensities and duration of exercise throughout pregnancy on maternal and fetal well being. The aim of the present study was to examine the ...
Jayasudha A - - 2013
Exercise is a natural part of life. Physical exercises increase mood-elevating chemicals in the brain and thereby reduce pregnancy-related blues. As the women need to exercise during pregnancy, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of antenatal exercises on labour process among primigravid mothers at selected Urban Health ...
Bland Helen W - - 2013
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a modified self-efficacy scale-the Pregnancy-Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (P-ESES). Pregnant women completed the P-ESES and physical activity questionnaires (N = 88). Internal consistency was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (alpha = 0.838) and equal-length Spearman-Brown (alpha = 8.22). Squared multiple correlation coefficients were calculated showing ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease characterized by inflammatory demyelination and neurodegeneration within the CNS. This damage of CNS structures leads to deficits of body functions, which, in turn, affect patient activities, such as walking, and participation. The pathogenesis and resulting consequences of MS have been described as concepts ...
Szymanski Linda M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal responses to strenuous exercise in physically active and inactive women. Forty-five healthy women (15 who were nonexercisers, 15 who were regularly active, 15 who were highly active) underwent a peak treadmill test at 28 weeks' gestation to 32 weeks 6 days' ...
Hager W David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The cause for shortness of breath amongst systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is often lacking. We sought to characterize the hemodynamics of these patients by using simple isotonic arm exercise during cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Catheterization was performed in 173 SSc patients when resting echocardiographic pulmonary systolic pressures were <40 but ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity levels in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) may reduce skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. Rehabilitation strategies might be altered by a measure of capacity that did not require invasive techniques or maximal exercise testing. For this purpose, we measured exercise onset and offset oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) kinetics ...
Giacobbi Peter R PR - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions of quality of life after a 4-month progressive resistance training program for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). A second purpose was to examine participants' views about factors that facilitated or impeded exercise behavior. Qualitative interviews were conducted with eight females (Mage ...
Huisinga Jessie M - - 2012
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience abnormal gait patterns and reduced physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine if an elliptical exercise intervention for patients with MS would change joint kinetics during gait toward healthy control values. Gait analysis was performed on patients with MS (n = ...
Dominelli Paolo B - - 2012
A healthy 36-year-old untrained (maximal oxygen consumption (Vo(2max)): 39mL/kg/min) woman completed multiple graded exercise tests on a treadmill. Temperature-corrected arterial blood samples were obtained in addition to esophageal pressure. Significant hypoxemia (-13mmHg arterial oxygen tension decrease) and arterial oxyhemoglobin desaturation (-6% decrease) was observed relative to rest and occurred during ...
Nilsagård Ylva E - - 2012
Background: The use of interactive video games is expanding within rehabilitation. The evidence base is, however, limited.Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the effects of a Nintendo Wii Fit® balance exercise programme on balance function and walking ability in people with multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods: A multi-centre, randomised, controlled single-blinded trial ...
Learmonth Y C - - 2012
Purpose: The evidence base to support therapeutic exercise for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is improving; however few studies have considered the patients' perspective. This study aimed to explore the experiences and views of people moderately affected with MS following participation in a 12-week exercise programme. Method: Twenty people with ...
Buchan Duncan S DS Institute of Clinical Exercise Science and Health, University of the West of Scotland , Hamilton, Scotland, - - 2012
This study examined the effects of high intensity exercise on physical fitness components and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth. Forty-one participants (15-17 years) were divided into a control and an intervention (high intensity exercise, HIT) group. The HIT group (15 boys, 2 girls) performed three weekly sessions over ...
Kargarfard Mehdi - - 2012
To examine the effectiveness of aquatic exercise training on fatigue and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Randomized controlled trial, 4-week and 8-week follow-up. Referral center of a multiple sclerosis society. Women (N=32) diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS (mean age ± SD, 32.6±8.0y) were recruited into ...
Sen Supratim - - 2012
Objective.  Previous studies have seldom compared functional capacity in children following Fontan procedure alongside those with Glenn operation as destination therapy. We hypothesized that Fontan circulation enables better midterm submaximal exercise capacity as compared to Glenn physiology and evaluated this using the 6-minute walk test. Design and Patients.  Fifty-seven children ...
Chakaravertty Biswajit - - 2012
The aim of the study was to calculate the maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max) for pregnant women of varying trimesters and to quantify the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF)with the objective of being able to determine the exercise dose for antenatal women which can be prescribed to achieve optimal exercise benefits during various ...
Suga Tadashi - - 2012
Our previous study reported that intramuscular metabolic stress during low-intensity resistance exercise was significantly enhanced by combining blood flow restriction (BFR); however, they did not reach the levels achieved during high-intensity resistance exercise. That study was performed using a single set of exercise; however, usual resistance exercise consists of multiple ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
: The disabling consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS) emphasize the significance of developing physiologically relevant strategies for rehabilitation of function. This pilot study examined changes in walking function associated with combined exercise training consisting of aerobic, resistance, and balance activities in persons with MS who had recent onset of gait ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise (or physical activity) might have the potential to have an impact on multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology and thereby slow down the disease process in MS patients. The objective of this literature review was to identify the literature linking physical exercise (or activity) and MS ...
Scheidegger O - - 2012
Background: In multiple sclerosis (MS), fatigue is a common and often disabling symptom. It has multiple causes with central motor fatigue playing an important role.Objective: The objective of this study was to analyse the central motor conduction changes in relation to muscle contraction force during muscle fatigue and recovery in ...
Santos-Filho Sebastião David - - 2012
The objective of this work was to investigate the effects of whole-body vibration on people with multiple sclerosis (MS). PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus databases were systematically searched for studies on the use of whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in people with MS. These searches were supplemented with material identified in the ...
Paulus David C - - 2012
The reduced gravity experienced during spaceflight leads to muscle and bone atrophy, and resistance exercise has proven to be an effective countermeasure. Thus, a compact computer-controlled electric-motor resistance exercise system is being developed for NASA. In order to save power, space, and weight, the torque specifications of the motor were ...
Freeman Jennifer - - 2012
People with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) frequently experience balance and mobility impairments, including reduced trunk stability. Pilates-based core stability training, which is aimed at improving control of the body's stabilising muscles, is popular as a form of exercise with people with MS and therapists. A replicated single case series study facilitated ...
Kawabata Ikuno I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nippon Medical School , Tokyo, - - 2012
The aim of our study was to use brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurements to noninvasively assess the effect of exercise training on arterial stiffness in normal pregnant women. Arterial stiffness was assessed at the beginning of the early second trimester of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery in 17 ...
Martin Donald - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This review evaluates the current understanding of the benefits and risks of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestinal system. A significant portion of endurance athletes are affected by gastrointestinal symptoms, but most symptoms are transient and do not have long-term consequences. Conversely, physical activity may have a protective ...
McConkey Marina J - - 2011
A 4-year-old male castrated English bulldog was referred to the Atlantic Veterinary College for evaluation of exercise intolerance, multiple syncopal episodes, and a grade IV/VI heart murmur. The dog was shown to have 3 congenital cardiac anomalies: atrial septal defect, mitral valve dysplasia, and subaortic stenosis. Medical management consisted of ...
Van Erck E E Equine Sports Medicine Practice, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2011
Dynamic upper airway obstruction (UAO) is a cause of respiratory noise and sometimes poor performance in sport horses. Riding, head flexion and airway inflammation may impact upper respiratory tract stability during exercise. To evaluate upper airway mechanical behaviour in ridden sport horses using overground endoscopy and the effect of head ...
Muñoz-Lasa Susana S Universidad Complutense, Dept. de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Madrid, - - 2011
Exercise therapy is an important part of symptomatic and supportive treatment in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). According to the literature, equine-assisted therapies--such as therapeutic horseback riding (THR) and hippotherapy (HT)--are exercise therapies that can have positive physical effects on coordination, muscle tone, postural alignment, stiffness/flexibility, endurance and strength, correcting ...
Truong Pauline T - - 2011
: To evaluate tolerability and compliance to a walking exercise program and its effect on fatigue during and after radical external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer. : A total of 50 subjects with prostate cancer undergoing EBRT over 6 to 8 weeks were prospectively accrued to an exercise ...
Horner K M - - 2011
The gastrointestinal tract plays an important role in the improved appetite control and weight loss in response to bariatric surgery. Other strategies which similarly alter gastrointestinal responses to food intake could contribute to successful weight management. The aim of this review is to discuss the effects of surgical, pharmacological and ...
McLoughlin Paul - - 2011
EXPRESSION OF CONCERNExperimental Physiology has been informed by Bente Klarlund Pedersen, MD, DMSc, Professor of Integrative Medicine, Director of the Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Department of Infectious Diseases and CMRC Rigshospitalet at the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, Denmark, of concerns about the validity of some ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2011
We studied patients who were eligible for phase II cardiac rehabilitation. Rehabilitation was delivered either conventionally or by telemedicine using videoconferencing. There were 226 participants: 173 at the conventional site and 53 at the telemedicine site. At baseline, blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, lipid profiles, activity levels, dietary intake and behaviours ...
Vallier J M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), despite their ventilatory limitation, would develop neuromuscular fatigue of quadriceps muscles following a maximal cycling exercise. Eleven adults with CF (age=26.8±6.9years; forced expiratory volume in 1s=54.1±12.8% predicted) and 11 age-matched healthy subjects performed a maximal incremental ...
Eckhardt Holger - - 2011
Eckhardt, H, Wollny, R, Müller, H, Bärtsch, P, and Friedmann-Bette, B. Enhanced myofiber recruitment during exhaustive squatting performed as whole-body vibration exercise. J Strength Cond Res 25(4): 1120-1125, 2011-The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that myofiber recruitment is enhanced when whole-body vibration (WBV) is added to ...
Whitehurst David G T - - 2011
The delivery of acupuncture alongside mainstream interventions and the cost-effectiveness of "alternative" treatments remain areas of controversy. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-utility of adding acupuncture to a course of advice and exercise delivered by UK National Health Service (NHS) physical therapists to people with osteoarthritis ...
Tomczak Simone E - - 2011
: We asked whether submaximal exercise with chest wall restriction (CWR), as a model of restrictive pulmonary disease, would result in fatigue of the diaphragm in healthy humans. : To address this question, we used cervical magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves along with measures of transdiaphragmatic pressure. Seven healthy ...
Hartman Michael J - - 2011
Hartman, MJ, Ryan, ED, Cramer, JT, and Bemben, MG. The effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors on peak torque and voluntary activation in untrained and resistance-trained men. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 527-532, 2011-The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of fatigue of the plantar flexors ...
Hubble Michael W - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Simulation exercises have long been used to teach management skills in business schools. However, this pedagogical approach has not been reported in emergency medical services (EMS) management education. We sought to develop, deploy, and evaluate a computerized simulation exercise for teaching EMS management skills. METHODS:: Using historical data, a ...
Powell J - - 2011
Objectives:  To generate consensus among faculty members regarding follow-up practice for well-defined clinical scenarios using a Delphi exercise and to identify if disseminating the consensus guidelines changed follow-up practice. Study Design:  Generation of consensus using a Delphi exercise and an audit of follow-up practice before and after dissemination of the ...
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