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Watanabe Shinichi S Graduate School of Medical Science, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate Course of Rehabilitation Science, Kanazawa University, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nagoya Medical Center, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the therapeutic usefulness of treadmill walking using a body weight support device (BWS), changes in circulatory dynamics and muscle activities with various levels of support were investigated. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into 3 groups: 20% BWS, 40% BWS, and full body weight (FBW). The ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2014
Moderate-intensity exercise training improves skeletal muscle aerobic capacity and increased oxidative enzyme activity, as well as exercise tolerance in COPD patients. To investigate whether the home-based exercise training program can reduce inflammatory biomarkers in patients with COPD, twelve patients using mobile phone assistance and 14 with free walk were assessed ...
Harvey Lara A LA Falls and Injury Prevention Group, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South - - 2014
Objective: To examine the age-specific population prevalence and predictors of uptake of home modifications and exercise to prevent falls in the NSW older population. Methods: A total of 5,681 respondents were asked questions on fall prevention activities as part of the 2009 NSW Falls Prevention Survey. Results were weighted to ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the - - 2014
In type 2 diabetes patients, endothelin(ET)-receptor-blockade may enhance blood flow responses to exercise training. The combination of exercise training and ET-receptor-blockade may represent a more potent stimulus to improve vascular function, physical fitness, and glucose homeostasis. We assessed the effect of an 8-week exercise training program combined with either ET-blockade ...
Keogh Kat - - 2014
Third-year nursing students at one university will be required to complete an exercise module as part of their training from next month.
Salazar-González Bertha Cecilia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. To test the effects of a physical-cognitive exercise intervention on gait parameters under dual-task conditions in community-dwelling older adults. Design. A repeated-measures quasi-experimental design, with control and exercise groups, was used. Setting. Study participants consist of a convenience sample recruited from senior citizens' centers in Monterrey, Mexico. Subjects. ...
Pawlak Ross R 1Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; 2Athletic Training Education Program School of Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; 3Department of Gerontology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
Structural firefighting is a dangerous and physically demanding profession. Thus, it is critical that firefighters exercise regularly to maintain optimal physical fitness levels. However, little is known about optimal training methods for firefighters and exercise equipment is often not available to on-duty firefighters. Therefore the purpose of this study was ...
Desgorces F D FD Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Perturbations of energy balance induce compensatory processes that may alter expected weight loss. In obese patients, our aim was to investigate the relationships that occurred between fasting plasma concentrations of anorexigenic peptides and metabolic parameters, appetite, physical capacity, and weight loss in the 5 first days of a program associating ...
de Oliveira Marcio R MR Health Science Research Center, Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance (LAFUP), University of Northern Parana (UNOPAR), 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil; Master and Doctoral Program in Rehabilitation Sciences UEL/UNOPAR, 675 Paris Ave., Londrina 86041-120, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different types of exercise are indicated for the elderly to prevent functional capacity limitations due to aging and reduce the risk of falls. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different exercises (mini-trampoline, MT; aquatic gymnastics, AG and general floor gymnastics, GG) on postural balance in elderly women. ...
Hars Mélany M Division of Bone Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine Specialties, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland, - - 2014
Prospective controlled evidence supporting the efficacy of long-term exercise to prevent physical decline and reduce falls in old age is lacking. The present study aimed to assess the effects of long-term music-based multitask exercise (i.e., Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics) on physical function and fall risk in older adults. A 3-year follow-up extension ...
Kraft Justin A JA Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Missouri Western State University, St. Joseph, - - 2014
The ability of interactive video games (IVGs) to individualize physical demands influences their viability as a physical activity option. This study examined the influence of experience level on activity levels and affect resulting from playing a martial arts IVG. Twenty participants completed three 15-minute trials: (a) walking, (b) IVG with ...
Kegler Michelle C MC Dept. of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory Prevention Research Center, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Physical activity levels, including walking, are lower in the south, particularly in rural areas. This study investigated the concept of rural neighborhood walkability to aid in developing tools for assessing walkability and to identify intervention targets in rural communities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with physically active adults (n=29) in rural ...
Mengelkoch L J LJ Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, St. Augustine, United - - 2014
This study compared energy costs and performance differences of walking and running for transtibial amputee (TTA) and matched non-amputee runners. TTA were tested with 3 prosthetic feet: traditional foot, SACH; general purpose, energy storing and return (ESAR) foot, Renegade; running-specific ESAR foot, Nitro. During walking, VO2 and gait efficiency (GE) ...
Wootton Sally L SL Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Chronic Disease Community Rehabilitation Service, Northern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, - - 2014
This study was designed to determine the effect of ground-based walking training on health-related quality of life and exercise capacity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). People with COPD were randomised to either a walking group that received supervised, ground-based walking training two to three times a week ...
Lewis Emma E MBBS, BMedSc (Hons), MSpMed, Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, - - 2014
Exercise is an inconsistently managed area in the health of expectant mothers. It is an area where family doctors have an opportunity to be well informed and willing to give advice. To provide simple advice on safe exercise practice in pregnancy. Exercise in pregnancy has multiple benefits for the mother, ...
Kanada Yoshikiyo Y Fujita Health University School of Health Sciences, Japan ; Fujita Health University Graduate School of Health Sciences, - - 2014
[Purpose] To examine the effects of intervention combining individualized and group rhythm (To-balance) exercises on the mental and physical functions of the elderly requiring low level care. [Subjects] A total of 29 elderly persons requiring level 2 assistance to level 2 who were and using outpatient care services participated in ...
Song Hyun-Seung HS Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daejeon University, Daejeon, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of exercising program utilizing proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation integration pattern (PIP), which is effective in improvement of the physical function, on the fall efficacy and gait ability of the elders who experienced injuries from falls. Also, this study aims to investigate ...
Legrand Fabien D FD EA 6291, Cognition Health and Socialization, Department of Psychology, University of Reims Champagne Ardenne, Reims, - - 2014
We examined the possible mediating role of physical self-perceptions, physical self-esteem, and global self-esteem in the relationships between exercise and depression in a group of socioeconomically disadvantaged women with elevated symptoms of depression. Forty-four female residents of a low-income housing complex were randomized into a 7-week-long exercise-training group or a ...
Cordero Alberto A Departamento de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de San Juan, San Juan de Alicante,, Alicante, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Regular physical exercise is an established recommendation for preventing and treating the main modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Performing physical activity of moderate intensity for a minimum of 30min 5 days a week or of high intensity for a minimum of 20min 3 days ...
Moreira Linda Denise Fernandes LD Division of Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Physical exercise is an important stimulus for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. However, it is not clear yet which modality would be better to stimulate bone metabolism and enhance physical function of postmenopausal women. This review paper aims to summarize and update present knowledge on the effects of different kinds of ...
Kumar Dodda Kiran DK Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences , Gannavaram, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2014
Since the number of dental patients is increasing day by day dentists are forced to spend longer times in dental chairs. This is increasing the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dentists. This article reviews the mechanisms causing musculoskeletal disorders among dentists and also covers the exercises that can be done ...
Segal Roanne R Medical Oncologist, Regional Cancer Center, Medical Lead, Breast Disease Site, Head Survivorship Program, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Program, Ottawa, - - 2014
Men who undergo long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) may experience systemic side effects similar to the classical metabolic syndrome. Exercise is a potential strategy for offsetting the adverse effects of ADT among patients with prostate cancer, resulting in improved muscular resistance and positive outcomes on body size and composition. Fitness ...
Camarillo Ignacio G IG Departments of aBiological Sciences bNutrition Science cAnimal Sciences dHealth and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, - - 2014
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Emerging research indicates that modifying lifestyle factors during pregnancy may convey long-term health benefits to offspring. This study was designed to determine whether maternal exercise during pregnancy leads to reduced mammary tumorigenesis in female offspring. Pregnant rats were randomly assigned to ...
Azuma Akihiro A 1 Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Summary.-This study was conducted to compare mechanical work during vigorous walking (which utilizes greater arm swings and step lengths) with that during normal walking and to examine whether individual differences (delta: vigorous walking - normal walking) in mechanical work during vigorous walking affected oxygen uptake (VO2). Six adult men (M ...
Davari Tanha Fatemeh F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Hospital, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
To evaluate physical activity of pregnant women before and after ACOG guideline study. Four hundred and eighty-five pregnant women enrolled in this before-after study. They were asked to study ACOG guideline. A structured questionnaire filled by women at first visit and the last visit in the prenatal clinic.Type, frequency, duration ...
Petrov Fieril Karolina K K. Petrov Fieril, MSc, RPT, Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, SU/Sahlgrenska SE-41345, Gothenburg, - - 2014
BackgroundPregnant healthy women are recommended to do 30 minutes or more of light to moderate exercise a day on most, if not all, days of the week. However, only one out of six pregnant women in the US follows recommendations. Little attention has been given to the experience of exercise ...
Calabrò R S - - 2014
The Lokomat is a robotic device that has been widely used for gait rehabilitation in several neurological disorders, with a positive effect also in the chronic phase. We describe the case of a 54-yearold female with post-stroke moderate-to-severe chronic hemiplegia, whose force, gait and balance significantly improved after intensive training ...
Hazeldean Deborah - - 2014
There is a substantial body of evidence to suggest that exercise during pregnancy is not only safe but beneficial, yet many women remain unsure about what exercise is appropriate or indeed whether it is safe to exercise at all, opting instead for inactivity. The purpose of this article is to ...
Menezes Arthur R AR Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, John Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School-The University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, - - 2014
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Advanced age is associated with a higher prevalence of CHD as well as increased morbidity and mortality. One key vulnerability relates to the fact that older individuals are generally among the least fit, least active cohort and at increased ...
Mosavat Maryam M 0000-0003-2177-4470 Sport Science Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
This study was performed to determine the effects of 8-week honey supplementation combined with different jumping exercise intensities on serum cortisol, progesterone, estradiol, and reproductive organs. Eighty-four 9-week-old female rats were divided into 7 groups: baseline controls (C0), sedentary group (C), 20 and 80 jumps per day (Ex20J, Ex80J), honey ...
Lotgering Frederik K FK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In 1980 I came to Loma Linda to study maternal exercise, with Dr. Longo as my mentor. For millennia strenuous exercise was considered harmful for the fetus. Early studies reinforced that idea, by showing that exercise reduced uterine blood flow and fetal PO2 by up to 40 and 29 %, ...
García-Rio Francisco F Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario La Paz, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain, and CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, Madrid, - - 2014
To characterize the distribution of BMI in a population-based sample of COPD patients and to evaluate the impact of obesity on their health status, exercise tolerance, systemic inflammation and comorbidity. A population-based sample of 3,797 subjects aged 40-80 years from the EPI-SCAN study was selected. Subjects were categorized according their ...
Sherrington Catherine C The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Home exercise can prevent falls in the general older community but its impact in people recently discharged from hospital is not known. The study aimed to investigate the effects of a home-based exercise program on falls and mobility among people recently discharged from hospital. This randomised controlled trial (ACTRN12607000563460) was ...
Yu Chang Ho CH Division of Biomedical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Deokjin-Dong 1-Ga, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, South - - 2014
In this study, we assessed indoor horse riding exercise's effects on basal physical exercise and activities of daily living (ADL) function using horse riding equipment, involving elderly test subjects (in their sixties). The participants were 20 people with no impediment to activity. They participated in experiments that lasted 60 min ...
Gardner Andrew W AW Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (OUHSC), Oklahoma City, OK (A.W.G., P.S.M.) Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
This prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial compared changes in primary outcome measures of claudication onset time (COT) and peak walking time (PWT), and secondary outcomes of submaximal exercise performance, daily ambulatory activity, vascular function, inflammation, and calf muscle hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2) in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) ...
Almodhy M M Centre for Sports & Exercise Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, - - 2014
To determine if the metabolic cost of the incremental shuttle-walking test protocol is the same as treadmill walking or predicted values of walking-speed equations. Primary care (community-based cardiac rehabilitation). Eight Caucasian cardiac rehabilitation patients (7 males) with a mean age of 67±5.2 years. Oxygen consumption, metabolic power and energy cost of ...
Carson Kristin V - - 2014
People with asthma may show less tolerance to exercise due to worsening asthma symptoms during exercise or other reasons such as deconditioning as a consequence of inactivity. Some may restrict activities as per medical advice or family influence and this might result in reduced physical fitness. Physical training programs aim ...
Aguilaniu Bernard B Medicine Faculty, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France ; McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
The functional work capacity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is usually assessed with walk tests such as the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) or the shuttle test. Because these exercise modalities require a controlled environment which limits their use by pulmonologists and severely restricts their use among general practitioners, ...
Kang Dong-Woo DW Department of Sport and Leisure Studies, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea E-mail : jjeon@yonsei.ac.kr, - - 2014
To identify barriers to exercise in Korean colorectal cancer patients and survivors, and to analyze differences in exercise barriers by age, gender, treatment status, and physical activity level. A total of 427 colorectal cancer patients and survivors from different stages and medical status completed a self-administered questionnaire that surveyed their ...
Morishima Yutaka Y Department of Sports Medical Sciences, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan; Department of Rehabilitation, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, - - 2014
Due to the reduced physical activity of patients who have undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA), there are no home-based exercise training regimens for preventing muscle atrophy and aerobic capacity impairment in these patients. We examined whether interval walking training (IWT) could prevented these issues. Twenty-eight female patients (∼60 years of ...
Park Junhyuck J Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Sahmyook University, Seoul, - - 2014
Background Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a useful modality for pain control. TENS has recently been applied to decrease spasticity. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the addition of TENS to an exercise program reduces spasticity and improves balance and gait in chronic stroke patients. Material ...
Bahls Martin - - 2013
Background: The intrauterine environment is influenced by maternal behaviour and programs atherosclerotic disease susceptibility in offspring. The aim of this investigation was to test the hypothesis that mothers' exercise during pregnancy improves endothelial function in 3, 5, and 9 month-old porcine offspring. Results: The pregnant sows in the exercise group ...
Lease Haidee J HJ School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, - - 2013
The study sought to contribute to the measurement of maladaptive exercise by examining the psychometric properties of a variety of instruments and classification algorithms. The primary aim was to identify the items or scales necessary and sufficient to quantify the construct. A secondary aim was to comment on the construct ...
Barakat Ruben - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In spite of an extensive knowledge of the physiologic features of exercise during pregnancy, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of the effects of different types, intensities and duration of exercise throughout pregnancy on maternal and fetal well being. The aim of the present study was to examine the ...
Jayasudha A - - 2013
Exercise is a natural part of life. Physical exercises increase mood-elevating chemicals in the brain and thereby reduce pregnancy-related blues. As the women need to exercise during pregnancy, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of antenatal exercises on labour process among primigravid mothers at selected Urban Health ...
Bland Helen W - - 2013
This study assessed the psychometric properties of a modified self-efficacy scale-the Pregnancy-Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (P-ESES). Pregnant women completed the P-ESES and physical activity questionnaires (N = 88). Internal consistency was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (alpha = 0.838) and equal-length Spearman-Brown (alpha = 8.22). Squared multiple correlation coefficients were calculated showing ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease characterized by inflammatory demyelination and neurodegeneration within the CNS. This damage of CNS structures leads to deficits of body functions, which, in turn, affect patient activities, such as walking, and participation. The pathogenesis and resulting consequences of MS have been described as concepts ...
Szymanski Linda M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate fetal responses to strenuous exercise in physically active and inactive women. Forty-five healthy women (15 who were nonexercisers, 15 who were regularly active, 15 who were highly active) underwent a peak treadmill test at 28 weeks' gestation to 32 weeks 6 days' ...
Hager W David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The cause for shortness of breath amongst systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is often lacking. We sought to characterize the hemodynamics of these patients by using simple isotonic arm exercise during cardiac catheterization. METHODS: Catheterization was performed in 173 SSc patients when resting echocardiographic pulmonary systolic pressures were <40 but ...
Hansen Dominique - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity levels in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) may reduce skeletal muscle oxidative capacity. Rehabilitation strategies might be altered by a measure of capacity that did not require invasive techniques or maximal exercise testing. For this purpose, we measured exercise onset and offset oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) kinetics ...
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