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Płaszewski Maciej M Faculty of Physical Education, Institute of Physiotherapy, Warsaw University School of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska, - - 2014
Scoliosis, the most prevalent orthopaedic condition affecting children and adolescents, may have lasting physical, psychological and social consequences. With limited evidence-base, scoliosis-specific exercise therapies are an option. An overview of the subject and description of a long-term follow-up study including adults who in adolescence were treated with a scoliosis-specific exercise ...
Pimentel José J Laboratory of Neuropathology, Epilepsy, Clinic, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lisbon, Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epilepsy is one of the commonest neurologic diseases and has always been associated with stigma. In the interest of safety, the activities of persons with epilepsy (PWE) are often restricted. In keeping with this, physical exercise has often been discouraged. The precise nature of a person's seizures (or whether seizures ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
This study aimed to clarify the effects of acute exercise and cardiovascular fitness on cognitive function using the Stroop test and event-related desynchronization (ERD) in an aged population. Old adults (63.10 ± 2.89 years) were first assigned to either a high-fitness or a low-fitness group, and they were then subjected to an ...
Deliva Robin D RD Division of Physiotherapy, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; SickKids Transplant Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
This prospective, interventional study examined the impact of training for the WTG on levels of health-related physical fitness and habitual activity in a cohort of pediatric SOT recipients. Physical fitness (FitnessGram(®) ) and habitual activity (HAES) measures were performed on participants (n = 19) in the WTG and compared to non-participant controls ...
Virág A A - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the short--term and long--term effects of a moderate intensity Nordic Walking program, and the feasibility of this exercise form among Hungarian community--living older adults. Forty one Community--living older adults aged over 60 years (mean 67.5, SD 4.8 years) participated in a Nordic ...
Ciavaglia Casey E CE Queen's - - 2014
In patients with combined obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), dyspnea intensity at matched work rates during weight-supported cycling and weight-bearing walking is similar, despite consistent metabolic differences between test modalities. The current study examined the influence of differences in activity of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles during cycling ...
Panizzolo Fausto A FA The School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, 6009, - - 2014
Reduced walking capacity, a hallmark of chronic heart failure (CHF), is strongly correlated with hospitalization and morbidity. The aim of this work was to perform a detailed biomechanical gait analysis to better identify mechanisms underlying reduced walking capacity in CHF. Inverse dynamic analyses were conducted in CHF patients and age- ...
Kim Hee-Jae HJ Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), the most abundant of neurotrophins in the brain, is known to be responsible for maintenance of neurons has been implicated in the pathology of schizophrenia. In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of a combined exercise program on circulating BDNF expression and the relationship ...
Silverman Marni N MN Consortium for Health and Military Performance, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine , Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences , Bethesda, MD 20814 , - - 2014
Physical fitness, achieved through regular exercise and/or spontaneous physical activity, confers resilience by inducing positive psychological and physiological benefits, blunting stress reactivity, protecting against potentially adverse behavioural and metabolic consequences of stressful events and preventing many chronic diseases. In this review, we discuss the biological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects ...
Valentin Stephanie S Equine Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ovine locomotion studies are rare, despite their relevance for medical research. The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate habituation and temporospatial parameters during treadmill walking of seven Austrian Mountain sheep. Sheep were naïve to treadmill exercise. During five treadmill sessions, movement cycle duration (MCD), vertical trunk movement (VTM), ...
Lante Kerrie - - 2014
Adults with intellectual disability (ID) are physically very inactive. This study will compare two approaches to increasing physical activity in adults with ID: a lifestyle physical activity (light-moderate intensity) approach and a structured exercise (moderate-vigorous intensity) approach. The trial will compare the short-term (3-month) and long-term (9-month) outcomes and sustainability ...
Zhang Cui C a Sports Biomechanics Laboratory, Shandong Sports Science Center; 8th building , 3008 , Fengming Road; Jinan, Shandong , - - 2014
This study evaluates the effects of training and detraining on ankle proprioception in terms of kinesthesia in adult women. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to three groups. Tai Chi and Brisk Walking Groups went through a 16-week training period followed by an eight-week detraining period. The ankle plantar-flexion, dorsal-flexion, inversion, ...
Müther Michael M From the Rheumatology Department, Great Western Hospital, Swindon, United - - 2014
Lack of physical activity in the general population is one of the biggest health challenges we face. For rheumatology patients, and other patients with chronic disease, exercise is an essential part of disease management. However, very few patients exercise effectively.One of the aspirations of the London 2012 Olympic/Paralympic Games was ...
West M A MA Colorectal Surgery Research Group, Aintree University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, 3rd Floor Clinical Sciences Building, Lower Lane, Liverpool, UK Department of Musculoskeletal Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK - - 2014
Patients requiring surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer often additionally undergo neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT), of which the effects on physical fitness are unknown. The aim of this feasibility and pilot study was to investigate the effects of NACRT and a 6 week structured responsive exercise training programme (SRETP) on oxygen ...
Cho Seong-Il SI Department of Rehabilitation Science, The Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of recreational exercises on the muscle strength, flexibility, and balance of old-old elderly individuals over the age of 75 years. [Subjects and Methods] Forty-three old-old elderly subjects (aged 78.7 ± 2.9 years) participated in 8 weeks of recreational exercises. The exercises ...
Cho Hyeyoung H Department of Emergency Medical Service, Daewon University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a virtual reality exercise program (VREP) on physical fitness, body composition, and fatigue in hemodialysis (HD) patients with end-stage renal failure. [Subjects and Methods] A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Forty-six HD patients were divided ...
Kim Kanghoon K Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, Catholic University of Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] To examine how stretching, plyometric, and treadmill exercises influence the dynamic balance necessary for sports activities. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two healthy subjects participated in this study. The subjects conducted stretching, plyometric exercises, and treadmill walking for set times over a period of three days. The subjects' dynamic balance was ...
Park Yun-Jin YJ College of Sports and Leisure, Korea University, Sejong, - - 2014
Parkinson's disease is a chronically developing neurodegenerative disease showing typical motor symptoms of the following triad: resting tremor, freezing of gait, and bradykinesia-hypokinesia. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a communal exercise program, using the visual and auditory feedback provided by a smart application, to assess gait ...
Kim Eun-Jin EJ Department of Nursing, Medical Station, Ansan Workers' Compensation Hospital, Ansan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of walking exercise through a 6-min walking test on subjective dyspnea, pulmonary function test, arterial blood gas analysis, and activities of daily living to provide base data for the nursing intervention of pneumoconiosis patients. The subjects were pneumoconiosis patients men ...
Llorens Francesc F Departamento de Gestión y Ciencias Aplicadas a la Actividad Física, Universidad Católica de Valencia, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of a previous bout of intense exercise on exogenous spatial attention. In Experiment 1, a group of participants performed an exogenous spatial task at rest (without prior effort), immediately after intense exercise, and after recovering from an intense exercise. The analyses revealed that the typical "facilitation ...
Riiser Kirsti K Institute of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway - - 2014
Aim: To examine the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among overweight adolescents and to test whether this relationship is mediated by body image (BI) and self-determined motivation for physical activity (PA) and exercise. Methods: One hundred and twenty adolescents identified as overweight or obese ...
Trabka Bartosz B Jędrzej Śniadecki Academy of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine an influence of a mixed aerobic and strength training program (MAST) on anthropometry, serum lipid levels, physical performance, and functional fitness in obese postmenopausal women. The MAST sessions were held three times per week, and the exercise program lasted for 10 weeks. ...
Tuchman Sascha A SA Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, - - 2014
The safety and feasibility of the symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) has not been rigorously tested in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), nor have correlations with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) been explored. We undertook CPET, 6MWT, ...
Capozzi Lauren C LC Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, KNB 2229 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, - - 2014
The purpose of the evaluation of this clinic-supported 12-week progressive strength-training program was to assess the feasibility and impact of an exercise intervention for head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Recruitment and adherence feasibility, as well as health-related fitness measures and patient-reported symptom management were assessed on the 21 HNC ...
Takekiyo Takahiro T Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Imamura Bun-in Hospital, 11-23 Kamoikeshinmachi, Kagoshima, 890-0064, Japan, - - 2014
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is associated with transplant-related toxicities, which may have a profound impact on a patient's physical functioning and body composition. In order to analyze the effect of exercise therapy on muscle mass and physical functioning in patients receiving allo-HSCT, we measured muscle mass and physical ...
Wong Christopher Kevin CK Neurological Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Few studies have explored the effects of exercise on gait performance in people with lower limb amputations. To (1) summarize the effects of exercise programs on gait performance and (2) assess the overall quality of the evidence for adults ambulating with leg prostheses. Systematic review. Six databases were searched for ...
Danoff Jerome V JV 1Department of Exercise Science School of Public Health and Health Services The George Washington University Washington, DC 20059 2Health Fitness Professional Reston, VA 20190 - - 2014
Long-term exercise is known to have positive effects on the health of adults. Some college "activities" courses are designed to give participants exposure to, and practice with, safe exercise techniques. Whether these one-semester courses, usually 12-14 weeks, are sufficient to alter physiological characteristics such as blood pressure or strength has ...
Tetteroo Daniel - - 2014
Rehabilitation technology for upper limb training can potentially increase the amount, duration, and quality of therapy offered to patients by targeting the needs of individual patients. Empirical evaluations of such technologies focus on clinical effectiveness; however, little is known regarding the implications of their implementation in daily practice. Tailoring training ...
Chisari C C Department of Neuroscience, Unit of Neurorehabilitation, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Exercise is well tolerated and induces relevant improvements in physical and mental functioning of persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Unfortunately, due to the wide variety of symptoms and the broad range of exercise interventions, it is not possible to make unified exercise recommendation as to what type of exercise is ...
Yokoi Katsushi K Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Kansai University of Welfare Sciences , Osaka , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of short stick exercise (SSEs) on fall prevention and improvement of physical function in older adults. Methods: A cluster randomized trial was conducted in five residential care facilities. The intervention group (n = 51) practiced SSEs for six months, followed by routine care for six more ...
Niemann Claudia C Jacobs Center on Lifelong Learning and Institutional Development, Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH, Bremen, - - 2014
Physical activity has been demonstrated to diminish age-related brain volume shrinkage in several brain regions accompanied by a reduction of age-related decline in cognitive functions. Most studies investigated the impact of cardiovascular fitness or training. Other types of fitness or training are less well investigated. In addition, little is known ...
Bossola Maurizio M Hemodialysis Service, Department of Surgery, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2014
Background and Aims: The knowledge of the barriers that are associated with decreased physical activity (PA) in patients on chronic hemodialysis (PCH) may be of primary importance for the nephrologists. Thus, we aimed to assess the barriers associated with the absent or reduced PA in PCH of a Mediterranean country. ...
Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H MH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
It is currently unknown, whether differences in physical fitness in older, non-exercising individuals affect cardiovascular risk profile and vascular function. To examine this, forty healthy older individuals (age 69±4years), non-exercising for the past 5-10 years, were allocated to a lower physical fitness (LF; VO2max 20.7±2.4mlO2/min/kg) or higher physical fitness group ...
Bündchen Daiana C DC Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, - - 2014
Patients with heart failure (HF) usually develop exercise intolerance. In this context, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can help to increase physical performance. To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in patients with HF. Articles were searched in the ...
Kehoe M M University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland - - 2014
Studies evaluating exercise interventions in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) demonstrate small to medium positive effects and large variability on a number of outcome measures. No study to date has tried to explain this variability. This paper presents a novel exploration of data examining the predictors of outcome for PwMS ...
Halvarsson Alexandra A Karolinska Institutet, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Sweden Department of Physical Therapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden - - 2014
To give the rationale and evidence for and a detailed description of a rehabilitation programme of proven effectiveness in improving balance in older adults. Based on the knowledge that balance loss usually occurs in situations when attention is divided, especially when being older, and that balance control relies on the ...
Ashari Asmidawati - - 2014
Turning is a common activity for older people, and is one of the activities commonly associated with falls during walking. Falls that occur while walking and turning have also been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture in older people. Despite the importance of stability during turning, there has ...
Berryman Nicolas N Département de Kinésiologie, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succ. Centre Ville, Montréal, QC, Canada, H3C - - 2014
The effects of physical activity on cognition in older adults have been extensively investigated in the last decade. Different interventions such as aerobic, strength, and gross motor training programs have resulted in improvements in cognitive functions. However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship between physical activity and cognition are still poorly ...
Richardson Catherine A CA Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
Slow gait speed increases morbidity and mortality in older adults. We examined how preferred gait speed is associated with energetic requirements of walking, fatigability, and fatigue. Older adults (n = 36, 70-89 years) were categorized as slow or fast walkers based on median 400-m gait speed. We measured VO2peak by ...
Matsufuji Shota S Division of Rehabilitation, Inoue Hospital, Suita, - - 2014
Muscle atrophy and weakness impair activity of daily living (ADL). We examined whether chair stand exercise can improve ADL of hemodialysis patients. A randomized controlled trial. A single center study. Outpatients on hemodialysis older than 60 years (61-79 years). Twelve weeks of intervention with chair stand exercise, 3 sessions/week versus the ...
Sjögren Per P Unit of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Telomere length has been associated with a healthy lifestyle and longevity. However, the effect of increased physical activity on telomere length is still unknown. Therefore, the aim was to study the relationship between changes in physical activity level and sedentary behaviour and changes in telomere length. Telomere length was measured ...
Mulasso Anna A Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to assess the direct and indirect effects of a Multicomponent Exercise (MCE) on mobility and balance in institutionalized older people. One hundred and twelve subjects (85 women), 83.0-year-olds on average (SD=7.5), were included in the study, and divided into a MCE-Group (MCE-G) and a ...
Ruthig Joelle C JC University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, USA - - 2014
Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was applied to explore the relationship between perceived risk of acute health crises and intent to exercise. Interviews of 351 community-living older adults assessed prior physical activity (PPA), all PMT components, and exercise intent. A multi-group structural equation model revealed gender differences in PMT predictors of ...
Holland Anne E AE Department of Physiotherapy, Alfred Health , Melbourne , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is commonly used to measure exercise capacity in COPD, but it is unclear if this test is accurate when performed at home. This study aimed to determine whether exercise capacity can be accurately assessed at home using the 6MWT in COPD. Methods: A ...
Crockett Jennifer J Glasgow Learning Disability Services, NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde, Glasgow, - - 2014
People with intellectual disabilities experience high rates of falls. Balance and gait problems are common in people with intellectual disabilities, increasing the likelihood of falls; thus, tailored exercise interventions to improve gait and balance are recommended. The present authors set up a physiotherapy-led falls pathway service (FPS) for clients with ...
Park Jong-Hwan JH College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University , Busan, South - - 2014
Although numerous sources of evidence show that regular physical activity is beneficial to health, most individuals do not engage in a sufficient amount of physical activity to meet the guidelines set out by expert panels. In addition, the minimum amount of physical activity associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk markers ...
Denlinger Crystal S - - 2014
Healthy lifestyle habits have been associated with improved health outcomes and quality of life and, for some cancers, a reduced risk of recurrence and death. The NCCN Guidelines for Survivorship therefore recommend that cancer survivors be encouraged to achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, with attention to weight management, physical ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH 1 Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre , Nijmegen, the Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Schreuder, Tim HA, Jean Nyakayiru, Jeroen Houben, Dick H.J. Thijssen, and Maria T.E. Hopman. Impact of hypoxic versus normoxic training on physical fitness and vasculature in diabetes. High Alt Med Biol 15:349-355, 2014.- Exercise training improves physical fitness, insulin resistance, and endothelial function in type 2 diabetes. Hypoxia may ...
Watanabe Shinichi S Graduate School of Medical Science, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate Course of Rehabilitation Science, Kanazawa University, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nagoya Medical Center, - - 2014
[Purpose] To investigate the therapeutic usefulness of treadmill walking using a body weight support device (BWS), changes in circulatory dynamics and muscle activities with various levels of support were investigated. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into 3 groups: 20% BWS, 40% BWS, and full body weight (FBW). The ...
Wang Chun-Hua - - 2014
Moderate-intensity exercise training improves skeletal muscle aerobic capacity and increased oxidative enzyme activity, as well as exercise tolerance in COPD patients. To investigate whether the home-based exercise training program can reduce inflammatory biomarkers in patients with COPD, twelve patients using mobile phone assistance and 14 with free walk were assessed ...
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