Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1206
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Rattey Jodie - - 2006
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of voluntary muscular fatigue in one lower limb and determine whether a 'cross-over' of fatigue is evident in the contralateral limb. Twenty-eight subjects (13 males and 15 females) performed a series of voluntary and evoked isometric contractions of both the ...
Rubinstein Scott - - 2005
Previous studies have suggested that older adults may be more resistant to muscular fatigue than young adults. We sought to determine whether motor unit firing rate might be a factor that determines the response to fatiguing exercise in young and older subjects. Motor unit recordings and muscular forces were obtained ...
Nijs Jo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the value of exercise testing and self-reported disability for the assessment of employment status in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: A university-based chronic fatigue clinic. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four consecutive, Flemish, employed (not self-employed) chronic fatigue syndrome patients (49/54 female). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN ...
Brooks Carol P CP ACT College, Alexandria, VA 22310, USA. - - 2005
Research into the effects of manual massage on physical performance has proved inconclusive, with studies primarily examining the major muscle groups of the lower extremities. Grip performance is essential for object manipulation, as well as for many grip-dependent activities and sports; but there have been no studies to determine the ...
Savci Sema - - 2005
PURPOSE: We hypothesised that six-minute walk (6MWT) distance of patients with ambulatory multiple sclerosis (MS)would differ from age-matched healthy control subjects. We also investigated the contribution of demographic, physical and physiological factors to impaired functional capacity in MS. METHOD: Thirty MS patients and 30 healthy subjects participated in this study. ...
Xu Xuanli - - 2006
Hypoxia or hypercapnia impairs diaphragmatic contractility and induces fatigue. However, little is known about the combined effect of hypoxic and hypercapnic acidosis (HHA) on diaphragmatic fatigue. In this study, a gas mixture (21% O2, 12% CO2 and 67% N2) was used to produce HHA-induced rat diaphragmatic fatigue. Force-frequency relationships and ...
Noé Frédéric - - 2006
This study examined situations where handles were used as additional postural supports. It aimed at determining the amplitude of centre of pressure (COP) shifts when considering or not the vertical handles reaction force. Eight healthy male subjects (24+/-6 years, body mass 65+/-5kg and height 175+/-7cm) voluntarily took part in the ...
Allen T J TJ Department of Physiology, Monash University, 13F, Melbourne, Victoria, 3800, - - 2006
We have recently shown that in an unsupported forearm-matching task blindfolded human subjects are able to achieve an accuracy of 2-3 degrees . If one arm was exercised to produce significant fatigue and the matching task was repeated, it led subjects to make position-matching errors. Here that result is confirmed ...
Benwell Nicola M NM Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, WA, 6009, - - 2006
The central processes occurring during fatiguing exercise are not well understood, however transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies have reported increases both in corticomotor excitability, as measured by the motor-evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, and in long-interval intracortical inhibition, as measured by the duration of the post-MEP silent period. To determine whether ...
McNeil Chris J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare fatigue and recovery of maximal voluntary torque [maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] and muscle oxygenation after voluntary (Vol) and electrically stimulated (ES) protocols of equal torque production. On 1 day, 10 male subjects [25 yr (SD 4)] completed a Vol fatigue protocol and, ...
Babault Nicolas - - 2006
This study aimed to investigate mechanisms of neuromuscular fatigue during maximal concentric and isometric leg extensions inducing similar torque decrements. Nine physically active men performed two separate fatiguing sessions maintained until similar torque decreases were obtained. The first session, only conducted under isokinetic concentric conditions (CON), consisted of three series ...
Wilson Thad E - - 2006
Exercise-induced increases in skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) are similar between isometric handgrip (IHG) and leg extension (IKE) performed at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). However, the precise effect of exercise intensity and level of fatigue on this relationship is unclear. This study tested the following hypotheses: 1) exercise ...
Matuszczak Yves - - 2005
Fatigue of hand and forearm muscle groups can limit task performance by astronauts wearing space suits. Countermeasures to delay fatigue would therefore be useful to the space program. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been shown to inhibit fatigue during other tasks so we tested its effects during handgrip exercise. Volunteers practiced isometric ...
Benwell Nicola M NM Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, WA, 6009, - - 2005
We have compared functional MRI signals in primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) during a paced motor task of each hand before and after unimanual (right hand) fatiguing exercise. Our aims were to determine whether the degree of activation is different when a motor task is performed after a fatiguing exercise, and ...
Sostaric Simon M - - 2006
Alkalosis enhances human exercise performance, and reduces K+ loss in contracting rat muscle. We investigated alkalosis effects on K+ regulation, ionic regulation and fatigue during intense exercise in nine untrained volunteers. Concentric finger flexions were conducted at 75% peak work rate (3 W) until fatigue, under alkalosis (Alk, NaHCO3, 0.3 ...
Pucci A R - - 2006
This study measured changes in maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, percentage maximal activation, maximal surface EMG, M-wave amplitude and average motor unit firing rates during the initial 3 weeks of isometric resistance training of the quadriceps muscle. Ten men participated in a resistance training programme three times a week for ...
Bazelmans Ellen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of exercise on symptoms and activity in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Twenty CFS patients and 20 neighborhood controls performed an incremental exercise test until exhaustion. Fatigue, muscle pain, minutes spent resting, and the level of physical activity were assessed with a self-observation list. ...
Manini Todd M - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of task-specificity on knee extensor steadiness adaptations in functionally limited older adults. Twenty-four functionally limited older adults (74.6+/-7.6 years: 22 women, 2 men) completed a 10-week control period followed by 10 weeks (2 days/week) of resistance (RT), functional (FT) (practicing ...
Raymer Graydon H - - 2006
An exercise ergometer, for isometric or dynamic contraction of both dorsiflexion and/or plantarflexion exercise, was designed and constructed for a 3.0 T head-only MR scanner. The principal features of this MR-compatible ergometer include electronic devices for quantification of force (during isometric exercise) and angular displacement (during dynamic exercise), without any ...
Kristeva Rumyana - - 2005
We investigated cortical activation as reflected in task-related spectral power (TRPow) changes in 8 writer's cramp patients during writing on a digital board and during isometric contraction and compared them to those of 8 age-matched healthy subjects. Scalp EEG was recorded over the contralateral primary sensorimotor area (SM1(c)), and from ...
Cook Dane B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of submaximal steady-state exercise on cognitive performance in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) alone, CFS with comorbid fibromyalgia FM (CFS + FM), and sedentary healthy controls (CON). METHODS: Twenty CFS-only patients, 19 CFS + FM, and 26 CON completed a battery of cognitive tests ...
Laplaud David - - 2006
Despite the wide use of surface electromyography (EMG) recorded during dynamic exercises, the reproducibility of EMG variables has not been fully established in a course of a dynamic leg exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of eight lower limb muscles activity level during a pedaling ...
Wallman Karen E - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of specific physiological, psychological, and cognitive variables in 31 chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) subjects and 31 matched control subjects. All variables were assessed weekly over a 4-week period and reliability was determined using an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results ranged ...
Millet G P - - 2005
This study investigated the effects of 40-week training on anxiety and perceived fatigue in four elite triathletes. Anxiety and perceived fatigue were self-reported by the subjects twice a week by the way of a specific questionnaire and were linked by a mathematical model to the training loads calculated from the ...
Shields Richard K RK Graduate Program in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2005
Cross-sectional study. The purpose of this study was to determine if a sustained fatiguing contraction of the dorsiflexor muscles alters the dynamic position sense (proprioception) and the associated central nervous system processing time of information from the ankle. Ankle injury has been hypothesized to be related to altered proprioception as ...
Presland Jarrod D - - 2005
The aims of this study were to (1) quantify any central fatigue that occurs following prolonged dynamic exercise, i.e. reduced muscle force caused by impaired motor drive from the central nervous system and (2) determine whether decreased cortical arousal, assessed using critical flicker fusion threshold (CFF), occurs and is related ...
Cheng Arthur J - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to assess fatigue and recovery of isotonic power and isometric contractile properties after a series of maximal isotonic contractions. Using a Biodex dynamometer, 13 men [26 yr (SD 3)] performed isotonic [50% of isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) every 1.2 s through 75 degrees ...
Winwood P C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Various empirical studies link persistent failure to recover from acute fatigue to the evolution of chronic fatigue. However, existing fatigue measurement scales do not tend to distinguish between acute and chronic fatigue elements well, and none include a measure of effective recovery from fatigue. METHODS: The 15 item Occupational ...
Martin V - - 2005
AIM: The purpose of this study was to re-examine central and peripheral origins of neuromuscular fatigue after a highly strenuous eccentric exercise of the knee extensor muscles (KE) using both voluntary/evoked contractions and electromyographic recordings (EMG). METHODS: Before, and 30 min after 15 min of intermittent one-logged downhill running, maximal ...
Johansen Kirsten L - - 2005
Dialysis patients have severe exercise limitations related to metabolic disturbances, but muscle fatigue has not been well studied in this population. We investigated the magnitude and mechanisms of fatigue of the ankle dorsiflexor muscles in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Thirty-three dialysis patients and twelve healthy control subjects performed incremental isometric ...
de Ruiter C J - - 2005
We investigated the effects of low frequency fatigue (LFF) on post-exercise changes in rectified surface EMG (rsEMG) and single motor unit EMG (smuEMG) in vastus lateralis muscle (n = 9). On two experimental days the knee extensors were fatigued with a 60-s-isometric contraction (exercise) at 50% maximal force capacity (MFC). ...
Davranche Karen K Laboratoire d'Analyse de la Performance Motrice Humaine, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société, 99 Avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86000, Poitiers, France. - - 2005
Choice reaction time (RT) is shorter when participants perform a choice task at the same time as a sub-maximal exercise than when they are at rest. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether such an exercise affects response execution or whether it alters processes located upstream from ...
Bazett-Jones David M - - 2005
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effects of stretching vs. potentiation on subsequent maximal force and rate of force development capabilities of subjects in an isometric squat. Ten male collegiate athletes participated as subjects in this study. Subjects were tested during 3 separate sessions that involved joint ...
Sandiford S D - - 2005
To investigate the effects of hypoxia and incremental exercise on muscle contractility, membrane excitability, and maximal Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity, 10 untrained volunteers (age = 20 +/- 0.37 yr and weight = 80.0 +/- 3.54 kg; +/- SE) performed progressive cycle exercise to fatigue on two occasions: while breathing normal room air ...
Vallier J-M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of fluid ingestion on neuromuscular function during prolonged cycling exercise. METHODS: Eight well trained subjects exercised for 180 minutes in a moderate environment at a workload requiring approximately 60% maximal oxygen uptake. Two conditions, fluid (F) and no fluid (NF) ingestion, were investigated. RESULTS: During ...
Gallagher A M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) have an exercise phobia, by measuring anxiety-related physiological and psychological reactions to ordinary activity and exercise. METHODS: Patients and healthy but sedentary controls were assessed over 8 h of an ordinary day, and before, ...
Blangsted A K - - 2005
AIM: To test the hypothesis that time-wise increase in intramuscular pressure (IMP) and subsequent decrease in muscle tissue oxygenation (TO(2)) results in muscle fatigue development during a non-exhaustive, low-force contraction evidenced by changes in electromyogram (EMG) and particular mechanomyogram (MMG). METHODS: Seven subjects performed static elbow flexion at 10% maximal ...
Darbishire Lucy - - 2005
We explored the role of baseline characteristics of 105 patients who presented with fatigue in primary care in determining outcome following either graded exercise or cognitive-behavioural therapy. Meeting the criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome was the most powerful predictor of poor outcome and this negative effect was enhanced by greater ...
Petersen A C - - 2005
We investigated whether depressed muscle Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity with exercise reflected a loss of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase units, the time course of its recovery postexercise, and whether this depressed activity was related to increased Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase isoform gene expression. Fifteen subjects performed fatiguing, knee extensor exercise at approximately 40% maximal work output per contraction. ...
Bagni M Angela - - 2005
Very fast ramp stretches at 9.5-33 sarcomere lengths s(-1) (l0 s(-1)) stretching speed, 16-25 nm per half-sarcomere (nm hs(-1)) amplitude were applied to activated intact frog muscle fibres at tetanus plateau, during the tetanus rise, during the isometric phase of relaxation and during isotonic shortening. Stretches produced an almost linear ...
Nakamura Takeshi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To define isometric exercise-induced pressor responses in patients with cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) and to assess potential cardiovascular and sympathetic nervous system abnormalities during isometric exercise in CVA. DESIGN: Nonrandomized study. SETTING: University laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Eight men with CVA who had documented damage of subcortical structures and 8 sex-matched ...
Moss-Morris Rona - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential mechanisms underlying the efficacy of graded exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Forty-nine CFS patients were randomized to a 12-week graded exercise programme or to standard medical care. At the end of treatment the exercise group rated themselves as ...
Ullmann Cheryl J - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate static fracture loads of ProTaper Nickel-Titanium instruments that had been subjected to various degrees of cyclic fatigue. Torque and angle at failure of new instruments and instruments that had been stressed to 30, 60, or 90% of their cyclic fatigue rotations ...
Saey Didier - - 2005
We hypothesized that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease developing contractile fatigue of the quadriceps during cycle exercise may have characteristic metabolic and muscle features that could increase their susceptibility to fatigue, thus differentiating them from those who do not develop fatigue. We examined, in 32 patients, the fiber-type proportion, ...
Bell Martin P D - - 2005
This study investigated the cardiovascular response to a standard external muscle compression during concomitant muscle metaboreflex stimulation of varying intensity in human calf muscle. Eleven healthy male subjects (mean (s.d.) age, 26 (5.6) years; height, 177 (5) cm; weight, 74.3 (6.8) kg) were seated in an isometric dynamometer with the ...
Khaslavskaia Svetlana S Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7D, 9220 Aalborg, - - 2005
Previously, long-term changes in the motor cortex have been reported after repetitive electrical nerve stimulation (rES) as well as after motor exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effects of voluntary motor cortical drive and of rES on the motor cortical output in healthy subjects interact ...
Anish Eric J - - 2005
Exercise can have profound effects on numerous biologic systems within the human body, including the central nervous system (CNS). The inherent complexity of the CNS, and the methodologic difficulties in evaluating its in vivo neurochemistry in humans, provide challenges to investigators studying the impact of exercise on the CNS. As ...
O'Connor Patrick J - - 2005
This brief review summarizes key epidemiological and experimental evidence concerning relationships between chronic physical activity and feelings of energy (vigor, vitality) and fatigue. The epidemiological studies show a positive association between the amount of typical weekly physical activity reported and the frequency with which people report feeling energetic. The randomized ...
Noakes T D - - 2005
It is hypothesised that physical activity is controlled by a central governor in the brain and that the human body functions as a complex system during exercise. Using feed forward control in response to afferent feedback from different physiological systems, the extent of skeletal muscle recruitment is controlled as part ...
Lal Saroj K L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To date, no study has tested the reproducibility of EEG changes that occur during driver fatigue. For the EEG changes to be useful in the development of a fatigue countermeasure device the EEG response during each onset period of fatigue in individuals needs to be reproducible. It should be ...
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