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Iridiastadi H - - 2006
Localized muscle fatigue has received growing attention as a potential design variable and exposure metric in research towards prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace. While fatigue during sustained static work has been investigated extensively, effects during tasks comprising work-rest cycles are less clear. Work-rest models for static intermittent work ...
Maruyama Atsuo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Central fatigue is the inability of central commands to recruit maximum evocable muscle force during voluntary contraction. Here, we investigate how fatigue affects the inhibitory circuits of the motor cortex. METHODS: MEPs, short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF) were evaluated using a paired pulse transcranial magnetic ...
Crenshaw A G - - 2006
We investigated the effects of active versus passive pauses implemented during computer mouse work on muscle oxygenation and EMG of the forearm extensor carpi radialis muscle, and on wrist position sense. Fifteen healthy female subjects (age: 19-24 years) performed a 60-min mouse-operated computer task, divided into three 20 min periods, ...
Gobbo Massimiliano - - 2006
The purpose of the study was to verify, by means of torque and mechanomyogram (MMG) compared analysis, the validity of MMG as a tool to investigate the contractile changes due to localized muscular fatigue induced by stimulation protocols usually employed for sport training and rehabilitation programs. Ten healthy sedentary subjects ...
Cox Carla E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine changes in common urinary markers of hydration maintained by the drivers (mushers) during a wilderness endurance event in the arctic and to determine water turnover in this select group of individuals. STUDY DESIGN: During this descriptive study, data was systematically collected on hydration, water turnover, changes in ...
Lyons Mark - - 2006
Despite the acknowledged importance of fatigue on performance, ecologically sound studies investigating fatigue and its effects on sport-specific skills are surprisingly limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate and high-intensity localized muscle fatigue on passing performance in soccer. Twenty physically active male college students ...
Vigouroux Laurent - - 2006
The aim of this study was to characterize forearm muscle fatigue identified by the decrease in electromyogram median frequency and/or fingertip force during intermittent exercise. Nine elite climbers (international competitive level, USA 5.14a on sight) and ten non-climbers were instructed to maintain a fingertip force of 80% of their maximal ...
Blomstrand Eva - - 2006
Several factors have been identified to cause peripheral fatigue during exercise, whereas the mechanisms behind central fatigue are less well known. Changes in the brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) level is one factor that has been suggested to cause fatigue. The rate-limiting step in the synthesis of 5-HT is the transport of ...
Fernstrom John D - - 2006
Brain tryptophan (TRP) concentrations and serotonin (5HT) synthesis and release increase during running. This increase in 5HT function may promote central fatigue and contribute to suboptimal physical performance. The rise in brain TRP is reputed to result from exercise-induced elevations in serum nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations, which dissociate TRP ...
Seki Kazuhiko - - 2007
We investigated the effects of immobilization on the maximal motoneuronal firing rate recorded from the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) during voluntary isometric contraction. In five human subjects, the middle finger, index finger, and thumb were immobilized for 1 week in a fiber-glass cast, which kept FDI in a shortened position. ...
Taylor Bryan J - - 2006
The abdominal muscles have been shown to fatigue in response to voluntary isocapnic hyperpnea using direct nerve stimulation techniques. We investigated whether the abdominal muscles fatigue in response to dynamic lower limb exercise using such techniques. Eleven male subjects [peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) = 50.0 +/- 1.9 (SE) ml.kg(-1).min(-1)] ...
Shibuya Kenichi - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of fatigue resulting from exhaustive pinching exercise on frontal and motor cortex activity. Eight healthy subjects (four male and four female) participated in the present study. All subjects performed at 70% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) pinching exercise until reaching ...
Ghosh Sudip K - - 2006
The vastly enhanced spatial resolution of high-resolution manometry (HRM) makes it possible to simultaneous monitor contractile activity over the entire length of the esophagus. The aim of this investigation was to define the essential features of esophageal peristalsis in novel HRM paradigms and establish their normative values. Ten 5-ml water ...
Mademli Lida - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to examine whether or not the compliance of the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) tendon and aponeurosis is influenced by submaximal fatiguing efforts. Fourteen elderly male subjects performed isometric maximal voluntary plantarflexion contractions (MVC) on a dynamometer before and after two fatiguing protocols. The protocols ...
Billaut F - - 2006
High-intensity intermittent sprints induce changes in metabolic and mechanical parameters. However, very few data are available about electrical manifestations of muscle fatigue following such sprints. In this study, quadriceps electromyographic (EMG) responses to repeated all-out exercise bouts of short duration were assessed from maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVC) performed before ...
Kasikcioglu Erdem - - 2006
Although the underlying mechanism responsible for muscular fatigue and exercise intolerance remains to be elucidated, it is reported two major mechanisms, central and peripheral hypothesis. As a peripheral mechanism, there are few reports on abnormalities of the microcirculation in patients with fibromyalgia. The key point to note is that ischemia ...
Newsholme Eric A - - 2006
An account of the tryptophan (Trp)-5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-central fatigue theory is provided and an explanation of how oral administration of BCAAs can decrease fatigue on the basis of this theory is given. The rate-limiting step in the synthesis of 5-HT is the transport of Trp across the blood-brain barrier. This transport ...
Romer Lee M - - 2006
Reductions in arterial O2 saturation (-5 to -10% SaO2 < rest) occur over time during sustained heavy intensity exercise in a normoxic environment, due primarily to the effects of acid pH and increased temperature on the position of the HbO2 dissociation curve. We prevented the desaturation via increased F1O2 (.23 ...
Giles Luisa V - - 2006
In general, elite climbers have been characterised as small in stature, with low percentage body fat and body mass. Currently, there are mixed conclusions surrounding body mass and composition, potentially because of variable subject ability, method of assessment and calculation. Muscular strength and endurance in rock climbers have been primarily ...
Dias da Silva S R - - 2006
The objective of this study was to analyze the electromyographic (EMG) signal behavior of rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis (VM), vastus lateralis (VL) and biceps femoris (caput longum) (BFCL) from nine women during fatiguing dynamic and isometric knee extensions tests and to determine their EMGFT (Electromyographic Fatigue Threshold). Surface electrodes, ...
Meeusen Romain - - 2006
The original central fatigue hypothesis suggested that an exercise-induced increase in extracellular serotonin concentrations in several brain regions contributed to the development of fatigue during prolonged exercise. Serotonin has been linked to fatigue because of its well known effects on sleep, lethargy and drowsiness and loss of motivation. Several nutritional ...
Navipour Hassan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is among the most common, yet least understood symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). The debilitating symptoms of MS can have adverse effects on the sufferer's self-esteem. We report the effect of a short-term self-managed graded exercise programme on fatigue and self-esteem of patients with MS. METHODS: Thirty-four (age ...
Entin Pauline L PL Department of Exercise Science and Athletic Training, Northern Arizona University , - - 2006
For pregnant women, exercise offers numerous benefits with little risk. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) endorses aerobic exercise for all pregnant women without medical or obstetric complications. Nonetheless, only a small percentage of pregnant women meet exercise guidelines. We investigated the extent to which obstetricians (Obs) in ...
Kiryu Tohru T Graduate Sch. of Sci. & Technol., Niigata Univ., Japan. - - 2006
For customizing the assistance scheme of a torque-assisted bicycle, we estimated physical activity during cycling with ECG and surface EMG for the circuit including a steep uphill section near the middle and compared it with the vehicle data. Using the respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-related power ratio in the fluctuation of the R-R interval, ...
Freeman Stefan R SR Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2006
The purpose of this project was to determine if the properties of doublet force twitches change with recruitment level. Isometric, human tibialis anterior force twitches were measured in response to singlet and doublet stimulation at several recruitment levels for eight healthy subjects. All doublets showed nonlinear force summation. When normalized ...
Romer Lee M - - 2006
The work of breathing required during maximal exercise compromises blood flow to limb locomotor muscles and reduces exercise performance. We asked if force output of the inspiratory muscles affected exercise-induced peripheral fatigue of locomotor muscles. Eight male cyclists exercised at > or = 90% peak O2 uptake to exhaustion (CTRL). ...
Rattey Jodie - - 2006
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of voluntary muscular fatigue in one lower limb and determine whether a 'cross-over' of fatigue is evident in the contralateral limb. Twenty-eight subjects (13 males and 15 females) performed a series of voluntary and evoked isometric contractions of both the ...
Rubinstein Scott - - 2005
Previous studies have suggested that older adults may be more resistant to muscular fatigue than young adults. We sought to determine whether motor unit firing rate might be a factor that determines the response to fatiguing exercise in young and older subjects. Motor unit recordings and muscular forces were obtained ...
Nijs Jo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the value of exercise testing and self-reported disability for the assessment of employment status in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: A university-based chronic fatigue clinic. SUBJECTS: Fifty-four consecutive, Flemish, employed (not self-employed) chronic fatigue syndrome patients (49/54 female). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN ...
Brooks Carol P CP ACT College, Alexandria, VA 22310, USA. - - 2005
Research into the effects of manual massage on physical performance has proved inconclusive, with studies primarily examining the major muscle groups of the lower extremities. Grip performance is essential for object manipulation, as well as for many grip-dependent activities and sports; but there have been no studies to determine the ...
Savci Sema - - 2005
PURPOSE: We hypothesised that six-minute walk (6MWT) distance of patients with ambulatory multiple sclerosis (MS)would differ from age-matched healthy control subjects. We also investigated the contribution of demographic, physical and physiological factors to impaired functional capacity in MS. METHOD: Thirty MS patients and 30 healthy subjects participated in this study. ...
Xu Xuanli - - 2006
Hypoxia or hypercapnia impairs diaphragmatic contractility and induces fatigue. However, little is known about the combined effect of hypoxic and hypercapnic acidosis (HHA) on diaphragmatic fatigue. In this study, a gas mixture (21% O2, 12% CO2 and 67% N2) was used to produce HHA-induced rat diaphragmatic fatigue. Force-frequency relationships and ...
Noé Frédéric - - 2006
This study examined situations where handles were used as additional postural supports. It aimed at determining the amplitude of centre of pressure (COP) shifts when considering or not the vertical handles reaction force. Eight healthy male subjects (24+/-6 years, body mass 65+/-5kg and height 175+/-7cm) voluntarily took part in the ...
Allen T J TJ Department of Physiology, Monash University, 13F, Melbourne, Victoria, 3800, - - 2006
We have recently shown that in an unsupported forearm-matching task blindfolded human subjects are able to achieve an accuracy of 2-3 degrees . If one arm was exercised to produce significant fatigue and the matching task was repeated, it led subjects to make position-matching errors. Here that result is confirmed ...
Benwell Nicola M NM Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, WA, 6009, - - 2006
The central processes occurring during fatiguing exercise are not well understood, however transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies have reported increases both in corticomotor excitability, as measured by the motor-evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, and in long-interval intracortical inhibition, as measured by the duration of the post-MEP silent period. To determine whether ...
McNeil Chris J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare fatigue and recovery of maximal voluntary torque [maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] and muscle oxygenation after voluntary (Vol) and electrically stimulated (ES) protocols of equal torque production. On 1 day, 10 male subjects [25 yr (SD 4)] completed a Vol fatigue protocol and, ...
Babault Nicolas - - 2006
This study aimed to investigate mechanisms of neuromuscular fatigue during maximal concentric and isometric leg extensions inducing similar torque decrements. Nine physically active men performed two separate fatiguing sessions maintained until similar torque decreases were obtained. The first session, only conducted under isokinetic concentric conditions (CON), consisted of three series ...
Wilson Thad E - - 2006
Exercise-induced increases in skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA) are similar between isometric handgrip (IHG) and leg extension (IKE) performed at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). However, the precise effect of exercise intensity and level of fatigue on this relationship is unclear. This study tested the following hypotheses: 1) exercise ...
Matuszczak Yves - - 2005
Fatigue of hand and forearm muscle groups can limit task performance by astronauts wearing space suits. Countermeasures to delay fatigue would therefore be useful to the space program. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been shown to inhibit fatigue during other tasks so we tested its effects during handgrip exercise. Volunteers practiced isometric ...
Benwell Nicola M NM Centre for Neuromuscular and Neurological Disorders, University of Western Australia, Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre, Nedlands, WA, 6009, - - 2005
We have compared functional MRI signals in primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) during a paced motor task of each hand before and after unimanual (right hand) fatiguing exercise. Our aims were to determine whether the degree of activation is different when a motor task is performed after a fatiguing exercise, and ...
Sostaric Simon M - - 2006
Alkalosis enhances human exercise performance, and reduces K+ loss in contracting rat muscle. We investigated alkalosis effects on K+ regulation, ionic regulation and fatigue during intense exercise in nine untrained volunteers. Concentric finger flexions were conducted at 75% peak work rate (3 W) until fatigue, under alkalosis (Alk, NaHCO3, 0.3 ...
Pucci A R - - 2006
This study measured changes in maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, percentage maximal activation, maximal surface EMG, M-wave amplitude and average motor unit firing rates during the initial 3 weeks of isometric resistance training of the quadriceps muscle. Ten men participated in a resistance training programme three times a week for ...
Bazelmans Ellen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of exercise on symptoms and activity in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: Twenty CFS patients and 20 neighborhood controls performed an incremental exercise test until exhaustion. Fatigue, muscle pain, minutes spent resting, and the level of physical activity were assessed with a self-observation list. ...
Manini Todd M - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of task-specificity on knee extensor steadiness adaptations in functionally limited older adults. Twenty-four functionally limited older adults (74.6+/-7.6 years: 22 women, 2 men) completed a 10-week control period followed by 10 weeks (2 days/week) of resistance (RT), functional (FT) (practicing ...
Raymer Graydon H - - 2006
An exercise ergometer, for isometric or dynamic contraction of both dorsiflexion and/or plantarflexion exercise, was designed and constructed for a 3.0 T head-only MR scanner. The principal features of this MR-compatible ergometer include electronic devices for quantification of force (during isometric exercise) and angular displacement (during dynamic exercise), without any ...
Kristeva Rumyana - - 2005
We investigated cortical activation as reflected in task-related spectral power (TRPow) changes in 8 writer's cramp patients during writing on a digital board and during isometric contraction and compared them to those of 8 age-matched healthy subjects. Scalp EEG was recorded over the contralateral primary sensorimotor area (SM1(c)), and from ...
Cook Dane B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of submaximal steady-state exercise on cognitive performance in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) alone, CFS with comorbid fibromyalgia FM (CFS + FM), and sedentary healthy controls (CON). METHODS: Twenty CFS-only patients, 19 CFS + FM, and 26 CON completed a battery of cognitive tests ...
Laplaud David - - 2006
Despite the wide use of surface electromyography (EMG) recorded during dynamic exercises, the reproducibility of EMG variables has not been fully established in a course of a dynamic leg exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the reproducibility of eight lower limb muscles activity level during a pedaling ...
Wallman Karen E - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of specific physiological, psychological, and cognitive variables in 31 chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) subjects and 31 matched control subjects. All variables were assessed weekly over a 4-week period and reliability was determined using an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results ranged ...
Millet G P - - 2005
This study investigated the effects of 40-week training on anxiety and perceived fatigue in four elite triathletes. Anxiety and perceived fatigue were self-reported by the subjects twice a week by the way of a specific questionnaire and were linked by a mathematical model to the training loads calculated from the ...
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