Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1146
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Paillard Thierry - - 2005
Electrical stimulation (ES) reverses the order of recruitment of motor units (MU) observed with voluntary muscular contraction (VOL) since under ES, large MU are recruited before small MU. The superimposition of ES onto VOL (superimposed technique: application of an electrical stimulus during a voluntary muscle action) can theoretically activate more ...
Whistler Toni - - 2005
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is defined by debilitating fatigue that is exacerbated by physical or mental exertion. To search for markers of CFS-associated post-exertional fatigue, we measured peripheral blood gene expression profiles of women with CFS and matched controls before and after exercise challenge. Women with CFS and healthy, age-matched, ...
Garssen M P J - - 2004
Many patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) experience excessive fatigue, which may persist for years and reduce quality of life. The authors performed a 12-week study of bicycle exercise training in 20 patients with severe fatigue, 16 with relatively good recovery from GBS, and 4 ...
Martin Peter G - - 2005
This study examined the effect of whole body hyperthermia on the voluntary activation of exercised and non-exercised skeletal muscle performing a series of lengthening and shortening contractions. Thirteen subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer at 60% of maximal oxygen consumption until voluntary exhaustion in ambient conditions of approximately 40 degrees ...
St Clair Gibson A - - 2004
A model is proposed in which the development of physical exhaustion is a relative rather than an absolute event and the sensation of fatigue is the sensory representation of the underlying neural integrative processes. Furthermore, activity is controlled as part of a pacing strategy involving active neural calculations in a ...
Green H J - - 2004
This study examined the effects of extended sessions of heavy intermittent exercise on quadriceps muscle fatigue and weakness. Twelve untrained volunteers (10 men and 2 women), with a peak oxygen consumption of 44.3 +/- 2.3 ml.kg(-1).min(-1), exercised at approximately 91% peak oxygen consumption for 6 min once per hour for ...
Lutjemeier Barbara J - - 2005
To test for evidence of a muscle pump effect during steady-state upright submaximal knee extension exercise, seven male subjects performed seven discontinuous, incremental exercise stages (3 min/stage) at 40 contractions/min, at work rates ranging to 60-75% peak aerobic work rate. Cardiac cycle-averaged muscle blood flow (MBF) responses and contraction-averaged blood ...
Rose M R - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether Gulf War veterans with neuromuscular symptoms that included weakness and fatigue had either 1) objective correlates for muscle weakness or fatigue; or 2) any etiologic explanation for such symptoms; and if so, 3) whether such objective measures or etiologic mechanisms were specific to Gulf War service. ...
Hayashi Mitsuo - - 2004
The effects of a 20-min nap during 2 h of visual display terminal (VDT) work were examined. Ten young healthy adults took a 20-min nap or a 20-min rest I h after VDT work, followed by another 1 h of VDT work. A 20-min rest temporarily restored subjective sleepiness, but ...
McBride Jeffrey M - - 2004
This investigation was designed to determine if vibration during fatiguing resistance exercise would alter associated patterns of muscle activity. A cross-over design was employed with 8 subjects completing a resistance exercise bout once with a vibrating dumbbell (V) (44 Hz, 3 mm displacement) and once without vibration (NV). For both ...
Surakka Jukka - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of aerobic and strength exercise on motor fatigue of knee flexor and extensor muscles in subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: At Masku Neurological Rehabilitation Centre, Masku, and the Social Insurance Institution, Research Department, Turku, Finland. SUBJECTS: Ninety-five MS patients ...
Sung Eun-Jung - - 2005
Driver fatigue has been the cause of traffic accidents. Despite this, the amount of time that drivers spend within cars has been increasing due to complex city life, traffic congestion, and particular occupational requirements. Consequently, fatigue and stress cannot be avoided. In present study, in order to find out the ...
Pitcher Julia B JB Discipline of Physiology, School of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, 5005, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. - - 2005
This study examined whether muscle fatigue alters the facilitatory effect of motor imagery on corticospinal excitability. We aimed to determine if post-exercise depression of potentials evoked magnetically from the motor cortex is associated with alterations in internally generated movement plans. In experiment 1, motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded from two ...
Regueme Sophie C - - 2005
Stretch-shortening cycle (SSC)-type fatigue is associated with acute and delayed functional defects, and appears to be a useful model to reveal the flexibility of both central and reflex adjustments to the contractile failure. SSC fatigue was induced in an experimental (EXP) group (n=6) on a sledge ergometer with an exhaustive ...
Nijs Jo - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate aspects of the validity of the total scores of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), Dutch Version, which was modified to make it an appropriate questionnaire for the assessment of kinesiophobia (fear of movement) in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients (the Dutch TSK-CFS), and, using this assessment ...
Hamada Taku - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the electrophysiological manifestations of selective fast motor unit (MU) activation by electrical stimulation (ES) of knee extensor muscles. In six male subjects, test contraction measurement at 40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) was performed before and at every 5 min (5, 10, ...
Noakes T D - - 2004
A central debate in the exercise sciences is the cause of the fatigue that develops especially during high intensity exercise of short duration. The most popular theory holds that this form of exercise is limited by a peripherally based, metabolite induced failure of skeletal muscle contractile function, independent of reduced ...
White Andrea T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to determine the effects of interferon beta-1a (IFNB) therapy (Avonex) on cortically evoked motor potentials (MEPs) during resting and fatigued states in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Eight women with relapsing-remitting MS (mean age 36) and mean Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score ...
Andrea H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between pathological worry and fatigue in a working population. METHODS: In employees with very low or very high fatigue levels, psychometrics of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ; measuring pathological worry) and the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS; measuring fatigue) were ...
van Emst Maarten Geert - - 2004
Exercise-induced loss of skeletal muscle K(+) can seriously impede muscle performance through membrane depolarization. Thus far, it has been assumed that the negative equilibrium potential and large membrane conductance of Cl(-) attenuate the loss of force during hyperkalaemia. We questioned this idea because there is some evidence that Cl(-) itself ...
Adamsen L - - 2004
The objective of this study was to explore the nature of fatigue in cancer patients with advanced stages of disease undergoing chemotherapy and concurrently participating in a 6-week multidimensional exercise programme (physical exercise, relaxation, massage and body-awareness training). Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 23 patients between 18 and 65 ...
Perretti A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate motor cortex excitability changes by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) following repetitive muscle contractions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); to state whether a typical pattern of post-exercise motor evoked potentials (MEPs) is related to clinical fatigue in MS. METHODS: In 41 patients with definite MS (32 with ...
Damon Bruce M - - 2005
Muscle functional MRI (mfMRI) has been proposed as a tool for noninvasively measuring the metabolic and hemodynamic responses to muscle activation, but its theoretical basis remains unclear. One challenge is that it is difficult to isolate individually those variables affecting the magnitude and temporal pattern of the mfMRI response. Therefore, ...
Windsor Phyllis M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Advice to rest and take things easy if patients become fatigued during radiotherapy may be detrimental. Aerobic walking improves physical functioning and has been an intervention for chemotherapy-related fatigue. A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was performed to determine whether aerobic exercise would reduce the incidence of fatigue and prevent ...
Place Nicolas - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study investigated the time course of contractile and neural alterations of knee extensor (KE) muscles during a long-duration running exercise. METHODS: Nine well-trained triathletes and endurance runners sustained 55% of their maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) on a motorized treadmill for a period of 5 h. Maximal voluntary contraction ...
Chiu L Z F - - 2004
Resistance exercise can result in both potentiating and fatiguing responses. These responses can acutely affect performance, which may affect subsequent exercise sessions in the same day. The purpose of this investigation was to study the acute neuromuscular responses to two high intensity training sessions in the same day. Twelve recreationally ...
Robson-Ansley Paula J - - 2004
Fatigue is an inevitable consequence of physical activity; yet its biological cause remains uncertain. During exercise, a polypeptide messenger molecule interleukin-6 (IL-6) is actively produced. Previously, the administration of recombinant IL-6 (rhIL-6) induced a heightened sensation of fatigue in healthy humans at rest. In contrast, anti-IL-6 receptor antibodies reduced the ...
Lattier G - - 2004
The contribution of central and peripheral factors to muscle fatigue were quantified following a high-intensity uphill running exercise. Eight male volunteers performed an intermittent exercise at 120 % of maximal aerobic speed on a treadmill with an 18 % grade. Electrically evoked and voluntary contractions of the knee extensors and ...
Leung Ada W S - - 2004
Visual analogue scale has been shown to reflect subjective feelings but rarely has it been used for musculoskeletal fatigue so in the present study VAS ratings were used to quantify musculoskeletal fatigue. A total of 20 students underwent a fatigue protocol (M age=21.3 yr., SD= 1.0). A series of randomized ...
Noakes T D - - 2004
It is a popular belief that exercise performance is limited by metabolic changes in the exercising muscles, so called peripheral fatigue. Exercise terminates when there is a catastrophic failure of homoeostasis in the exercising muscles. A revolutionary theory is presented that proposes that exercise performance is regulated by the central ...
Plamondon A - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to estimate the level of muscular activation and muscle fatigue of the low back muscles during the performance of an intermittent prone back extension (PBE) exercise. Forty-one healthy students (24 males and 17 females) lying prone on a bench with the legs fixed performed ...
Davidson B S - - 2004
Falls from heights resulting from a loss of balance are a major concern in the occupational setting. Previous studies have documented a deleterious effect of lower extremity fatigue on balance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lumbar extensor fatigue on balance during quiet standing. Additionally, ...
Edgley S A SA Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, CB2 3DY Cambridge, UK. - - 2004
Following forceful exercise that leads to muscle fatigue, the size of muscle evoked responses (MEPs) generated by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the exercised muscle is depressed over a prolonged period. Strong evidence implicates intracortical mechanisms in this depression. As well as evoking MEPs in contralateral muscles, TMS also reduces ...
Takahashi Atsushi - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The authors studied gastrointestinal motility in a patient with total intestinal aganglionosis (TIA) and the effect of octreotide (OCT) on ileal motility in this patient. METHODS: The 3200-g girl received ileostomy at 50 cm proximal to the ileocecal site and jejunostomy at 15 cm distal to the ligament of ...
Osada Takuya - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether muscle contraction-induced variability of limb femoral arterial blood flow (FABF) can be reduced with longer sampling durations. This was assessed in relation to muscle contraction-relaxation cycles (CRcycles) during steady-state, one-legged, dynamic knee-extensor exercise (KEE) at varying "exercise intensities" and "contraction frequencies." METHODS: Eleven male subjects performed ...
Durham William J - - 2004
This study tested the hypothesis that skeletal muscle contraction activates nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), a putative regulator of muscle protein breakdown. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis of healthy humans before, immediately after, and 1 h after fatiguing resistance exercise of the lower limbs. Biopsies were analyzed for nuclear ...
Oken B S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of yoga and of aerobic exercise on cognitive function, fatigue, mood, and quality of life in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Subjects with clinically definite MS and Expanded Disability Status Score less than or equal to 6.0 were randomly assigned to one of three groups lasting ...
Shibuya K - - 2004
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of fatigue resulting from supramaximal dynamic exercise on cerebral cortex activity. METHODS: Five healthy male subjects (age 24.6+/-0.4 years, body weight 62.9+/-1.1 kg, height 175.3+/-1.2 cm, and maximal O2 uptake per body mass 48.4+/-1.3 ml/kg/min) participated in this study. ...
Simpson Michael - - 2004
The purpose of this research was to provide more definitive support for the hypothesis that prolonged muscle activation at high intensities increases voluntary activation deficits. Interpolated twitch responses were evoked during maximal and sub-maximal voluntary contractions of the soleus muscle in 10 college-aged students. Maximal voluntary contractions (MVC), maximal muscle ...
Kebaetse Maikutlo B - - 2004
Previous studies have suggested that during sustained maximal voluntary and evoked contractions, decreasing activation rates may minimize fatigue. The idea of gradually decreasing stimulation frequency to preserve force during fatiguing isometric contractions has, however, recently been challenged. The primary purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of decreasing ...
Lanza Ian R - - 2004
It has been suggested that the effects of old age on the ability to resist fatigue may be task dependent. To test one aspect of this hypothesis, we compared the neuromuscular responses of nine young (26 +/- 4 yr, mean +/- SD) and nine older (72 +/- 4 yr) healthy, ...
Liu Yiwei - - 2004
This study was designed to evaluate the suitability of nonlinear recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) in assessing electromyograph (EMG) signals during dynamic exercise. RQA has been proven to be effective in analyzing nonstationary signals. The subject group consisted of 19 male patients diagnosed with low back pain. EMG signals were recorded ...
Behm David G - - 2004
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a warm-up consisting of a series of maximal contractions would augment the force and activation of subsequent leg extensor contractions. Both voluntary and evoked isometric contractions were tested to determine the mechanisms underlying the response. Nine subjects were tested for twitch, ...
Mizuno Masaki - - 2004
To test whether there is a regional difference in the exercise pressor reflex within a given muscle, we investigated the relationship between the inflection points of cardiovascular responses and muscle oxygenation during exercise. Seven subjects performed incremental exercise, which consisted of incremental 30-s static knee extensions, each separated by 30 ...
Mizunoya Wataru - - 2004
We investigated the effects of physical fatigue produced by swimming exercise on learning the Morris water maze in BALB/c mice. We measured the escape latency in the maze immediately after the swimming exercise. The control group was soaked in the water but not fatigued. For easier tasks, like one with ...
Reading S A - - 2004
We tested the hypothesis that positive inotropic factors decrease fatigue and improve recovery from fatigue in mammalian skeletal muscle in vitro. To induce fatigue, we stimulated mouse soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) to perform isometric tetanic contractions (50 impulses x s(-1) for 0.5 s) at 6 contractions x min(-1) ...
Huffman Derek M - - 2004
Free tryptophan (Trp), which is augmented by liberated free fatty acids (FFA) from adipose tissue, can induce mental fatigue via serotonin during exercise. Since an attenuation in FFA has been observed with omega-3 fatty acid (n-3fa) use, our purpose was to examine the effect of n-3fa supplementation on free Trp ...
Mohr Magni - - 2004
Accumulation of K+ in skeletal muscle interstitium during intense exercise has been suggested to cause fatigue in humans. The present study examined interstitial K+ kinetics and fatigue during repeated, intense, exhaustive exercise in human skeletal muscle. Ten subjects performed three repeated, intense (61.6+/-4.1 W; mean+/-SEM), one-legged knee extension exercise bouts ...
Humphry A T - - 2004
Magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex with electromyographic recordings from exercising muscles has shown corticospinal excitability to be depressed following exercise. We now investigate whether this depression spreads to non-exercising muscles and its influence on performance. Healthy volunteers made unilateral biceps curls to exhaustion and, in another later session, for ...
Momen Afsana - - 2004
During exercise, activation of the sympathetic nervous system causes reflex renal vasoconstriction. The effects of aging on this reflex are poorly understood. This study evaluated the effects of age on renal vasoconstrictor responses to handgrip. Seven older (65 +/- 9 yr) and nine younger (25 +/- 2 yr) subjects were ...
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