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Results 401 - 450 of 1094
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Sagara Takiko - - 2009
Overweight and poor psychological well-being are becoming serious health issues in the Japanese workplace. Concurrence of those physical and mental conditions has been pointed out, especially in middle-aged workers. Therefore, we tried to determine common risk factors for body weight gain and the deterioration of psychological well-being in male middle-aged ...
Bushell William C - - 2009
This chapter briefly reviews recent psychological, physiological, molecular biological, and anthropological research which has important implications, both direct and indirect, for the recognition and understanding of the potential life span and health span enhancing effects of the basic yoga meditational regimen. This regimen consists of meditation, yogic breath control practices, ...
Wilkes Donna L - - 2009
Regular exercise and habitual physical activity are important for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Research has demonstrated the benefits of aerobic, anaerobic, and strength exercise training programs for health and quality of life, however, the CF patient is faced with unique barriers and challenges to participation. Recently, increased levels of ...
Verratti V - - 2009
Physical inactivity plays a negative role in several aspects of health status. A sedentary lifestyle represents a predisposing base for the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, depression and cancer. On the other hand, an active life is distinguished by physical exercise and the beneficial effects it ...
Smith Toby O - - 2009
This paper presents the results of a study assessing whether bed exercises after primary THR (total hip replacement) improves function or quality of life, during the first post-operative year. Sixty patients undergoing primary THR were randomised to receive either a gait re-education programme and bed exercises (Group A) or a ...
Länsimies-Antikainen Helena - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Informed consent is ethically and legally required for all biomedical and health research involving human participants. This study analyses the realization of informed consent in health research from the point of view of healthy, voluntary adult participants. Empirical studies from this point of view are still rare. DESIGN: A ...
Vickers Kristin S - - 2009
Depressive symptoms negatively impact smoking abstinence. However, few interventions have been targeted to smokers with current depression. Exercise improves mood and may benefit depressed smokers. This pilot study investigated the feasibility of an exercise intervention for depressed female smokers (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale [CES-D] score > or =16). ...
Kritikos A - - 2009
The aim of this study is the investigation of Hippocrates' consultative theory with regard to man's physical exercise, gymnastics, diet and health, on the basis of his work "Regimen" and his other works. The aforementioned issues are thematised in the works in question. By means of this thematisation, a medical ...
Stroud Nicole - - 2009
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived benefits and barriers to exercise participation in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Method. A cross-sectional postal survey comprised of 93 adults with MS was conducted. Participants completed the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale (EBBS), Spinal Cord Injury Exercise Self-Efficacy ...
Popham Frank - - 2010
To test whether there is an association of social class (im)mobility in childhood and adulthood with absolute rates of adult participation in sport and exercise. Secondary analysis of the 2003 Scottish Health Survey. 2770 Scottish men and women aged 35-54. The highest age- and sex-adjusted rate of sport and exercise ...
Horne Maria - - 2010
To explore the influence of primary health care professionals in increasing exercise and physical activity among 60-70-year-old White and South Asian community dwellers. Fifteen focus groups and 40 in-depth interviews with community dwelling White and South Asian 60-70-year olds. The sample was selected to include people with very different experiences ...
Oh E G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to identify physiological and psychosocial variables predicting the HRQoL among Korean people with chronic respiratory disease (CRD). DESIGN: A cross-sectional correlation study was done with a convenience sample of 112 participants (aged 62.9 +/- 12.9 years, forced expiratory volume in ...
Vail James D - - 2009
There is increasing evidence that regular mental and physical exercise can enhance overall health and functional abilities in older adults. This article describes how a vigorous program of playing polo can provide important mental and physical benefits-even for older adults. In the present context of health care reform, it is ...
Seacat Jason D - - 2009
Overweight individuals face significant prejudice and discrimination in daily life yet it is not well understood how factors associated with prejudice and discrimination (i.e. negative social stereotypes) impact overweight individuals' exercise/dietary health intentions. It is proposed that the Model of Stereotype Threat may serve as a useful theoretical tool for ...
Gale Jesse - - 2009
Regular exercise is a healthy lifestyle choice with numerous benefits to general health. Ophthalmologists may face questions of the benefits or risks of exercise to eyes. Here the effects of acute exertion and regular physical activity on ocular physiology and disease are reviewed. Intraocular pressure is transiently reduced by dynamic ...
Penttinen Heidi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The BREX study is one of the largest randomised prospective exercise interventions of breast cancer survivors which aims at investigate whether regular exercise could reduce the long-term side effects of the adjuvant treatments and improve quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was limited to consider patients aged ...
Aizer Anthony - - 2009
Limited data suggest that athletes may have a higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF); however, there has been no large prospective assessment of the relation between vigorous exercise and AF. Logistic regression analyses stratified by time were used to assess the association between frequency of vigorous exercise and risk ...
Hug Stella-Maria - - 2009
Positive environmental determinants of exercise frequency remain poorly understood. Knowing that people often value exercise for psychological restoration, we investigated the restorative quality of indoor and outdoor exercise settings as predictors of exercise frequency. We surveyed 319 members of fitness centers in Zurich that offer indoor and outdoor exercise alternatives. ...
Flynn Kathryn E - - 2009
Findings from previous studies of the effects of exercise training on patient-reported health status have been inconsistent. To test the effects of exercise training on health status among patients with heart failure. Multicenter, randomized controlled trial among 2331 medically stable outpatients with heart failure with left ventricular ejection fraction of ...
van Praag Henriette - - 2009
Evidence is accumulating that exercise has profound benefits for brain function. Physical activity improves learning and memory in humans and animals. Moreover, an active lifestyle might prevent or delay loss of cognitive function with aging or neurodegenerative disease. Recent research indicates that the effects of exercise on the brain can ...
Haworth Jo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an exercise and education programme on primary outcomes of exercise efficacy and activity levels; and on secondary outcomes including quality of life, mood and physical disability. DESIGN: Randomized, single blind trial. SETTING: Specialist neurosciences centre. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four patients with acquired neurological pathologies. INTERVENTIONS: Twenty-one ...
Adams Murray - - 2009
Thrombosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries and is associated with a range of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, renal disease, diabetes, and various autoimmune conditions. Improved health care and approaches to the treatment of disease are leading to aging populations that will probably ...
Rohrer James E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines call for more exercise than many patients are willing to undertake. More modest goals are more acceptable but may not improve overall self-rated health (SRH) in primary care patients. Furthermore, whether exercise should be measured in minutes per week, times per week, or both is unclear. DESIGN: ...
Marks Bonita L - - 2009
Among the fears of aging are loss of memory, cognitive decline, and loss of independence. Baby boomers have entered the "aged" cohort and are actively seeking ways to maintain strong bodies and strong minds. Bench to clinical research suggests that keeping physically active and engaged in moderate to vigorous exercise ...
Larkey Linda - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Meditative Movement (MM) is proposed as a new category of exercise defined by (a) some form of movement or body positioning, (b) a focus on breathing, and (c) a cleared or calm state of mind with a goal of (d) deep states of relaxation. REVIEW: Two forms of exercise ...
Frader Joel J General Academic Pediatrics, Children's Memorial Hospital, 2300 Children's Plaza #16, Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2009
Conscientious objection (CO) to genetic testing raises serious questions about what it means to be a health-care professional (HCP). Most of the discussion about CO has focused on the logic of moral arguments for and against aspects of CO and has ignored the social context in which CO occurs. Invoking ...
Colado Juan C - - 2009
To investigate effects of 24 weeks of resistance training with aquatic resistance devices or elastic bands (EB) on markers of cardiovascular health and physical capacity. Forty-six healthy, sedentary postmenopausal women participated. The groups were aquatic exercise (AE; n = 15), EB (n = 21), and control (n = 10). Venous ...
Mier Nelda N Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A&M Health Science Center, McAllen, Texas 78503, USA. - - 2010
Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, Hispanics experience a disproportionate burden of chronic diseases. Understanding the factors influencing the success of health programs in Hispanics requires a clearer examination of the principles and components of tailored interventions. This research comprises a comprehensive literature review of randomized controlled trials testing nutrition and exercise ...
Woodward Thomas W - - 2009
Martial arts are ancient forms of combat, modified for modern sport and exercise. Participation in the martial arts is increasing, particularly for youth. Martial arts provide health-promoting and meaningful exercise for millions of practitioners. Benefits from this practice include better overall health and balance, as well as an improved sense ...
Huang Peixin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The risks of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other major causes of mortality are largely attributable to lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol drinking, hours of working and sleeping, physical activity, diet, and stress. Earlier studies have suggested that an unhealthy lifestyle is also associated with increased lymphocyte sensitivity to ...
Pines A - - 2009
Diet and nutritional habits have a pivotal role in maintaining human health. Unhealthy eating, obesity and nutritional deficiencies may lead to various diseases. However, a most important component of lifestyle relates to physical activity. Sedentary people fare less well than those who exercise regularly. The benefits of exercise can be ...
Lind Erik - - 2009
Despite the well established physical and psychological benefits derived from leading a physically active life, rates of sedentary behaviour remain high. Dropout and non-compliance are major contributors to the problem of physical inactivity. Perceptions of exertion, affective responses (e.g. displeasure or discomfort), and physiological stress could make the exercise experience ...
Murphy Marie H - - 2009
Current physical activity guidelines endorse the notion that the recommended amount of daily physical activity can be accumulated in short bouts performed over the course of a day. Although intuitively appealing, the evidence for the efficacy of accumulated exercise is not plentiful. The purpose of this review was to compare ...
Stroud Nicole - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived benefits and barriers to exercise participation in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: A cross-sectional postal survey comprised of 93 adults with MS was conducted. Participants completed the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale (EBBS), Spinal Cord Injury Exercise Self-Efficacy ...
McArthur Laura H - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess sex/race differences on psychosocial correlates of physical activity among college students. METHODS: Survey research protocol. RESULTS: Students (n=636) exercised an average of 3.5 days per week, with black females being the least active. Across subgroups, health/fitness was rated as the most important motive for exercise, followed by ...
Lym Youl Lee - - 2009
Vitamin D is an important factor for bone health. It is uncertain which lifestyle is associated with vitamin D status, especially in healthy middle aged Asian men. A cross-sectional analysis was performed in 149 men aged 40-69 years who visited a health check-up center in Korea. Serum vitamin D (25-OHD3) ...
Dill Jennifer - - 2009
This paper aims to provide insight on whether bicycling for everyday travel can help US adults meet the recommended levels of physical activity and what role public infrastructure may play in encouraging this activity. The study collected data on bicycling behavior from 166 regular cyclists in the Portland, Oregon metropolitan ...
Deslandes Andréa - - 2009
The relationship between physical activity and mental health has been widely investigated, and several hypotheses have been formulated about it. Specifically, during the aging process, physical exercise might represent a potential adjunctive treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders and cognitive impairment, helping delay the onset of neurodegenerative processes. Even though exercise itself ...
Alsuwaidan Mohammad T - - 2009
Extant evidence indicates that individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) are differentially affected by overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity. Excess weight is associated with a more complex illness presentation, non-recovery, and recurrence. Herein, we sought to review literature describing the effects of structured individualized physical exercise on disparate neurobiological substrates implicated in ...
Wouters Eveline J M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Health beliefs of overweight adults who did and did not enter an exercise program were compared to identify possible factors that hamper people to enter such a program. METHOD: Participants (n = 116, 78 women and 38 men) were overweight adults without comorbidities. Self-report instruments examined the burden of ...
Tanaka Hirofumi - - 2009
Swimming is an exercise modality that is highly suitable for health promotion and disease prevention, and is one of the most popular, most practiced and most recommended forms of physical activity. Yet little information is available concerning the influence of regular swimming on coronary heart disease (CHD). Exercise recommendations involving ...
Aoi Wataru - - 2009
Habitual exercise is beneficial to health as it improves metabolism, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, and maintains the immune system. Appropriate nutrition contributes to acceleration of health promotion due to exercise. Recommended daily allowance is elevated by physical activity and intake of various food factors such carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, ...
Ouzouni Stavroula - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of intradialytic exercise training on health-related quality of life indices in haemodialysis patients. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Thirty-five patients on haemodialysis, with a mean (SD) age of 48.8 (13.9) years, volunteered to participate in the study. They were randomized either to rehabilitation group (group A: 19 patients), following ...
Crespo Joaquin - - 2009
Cardiopulmonary parameters, particularly peak oxygen consumption, have proven utility in prognostic stratification for patients with heart failure. These have been typically corrected for total body weight as opposed to lean body mass (LBM). For practical purposes, fat consumes virtually no oxygen and receives minimal perfusion. Based on this rationale and ...
Hubbard Ruth E - - 2009
Concern has been expressed that preventive measures in older people might increase frailty by increasing survival without improving health. We investigated the impact of exercise on the probabilities of health improvement, deterioration and death in community-dwelling older people. In the Canadian Study of Health and Aging, health status was measured ...
Jolly Kate - - 2009
The National Institute of Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent empirical evidence in health care and physical activity promotion contexts provides a foundation for testing the utility of a Self ...
Moncada-Jimènez José J School of Physical Education and Sports, Universidad de Costa Rica , Costa - - 2009
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the initial metabolic state and exercise-induced endotoxaemia on the appearance of gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) during exercise. Eleven males (36.6 ± 4.9 yrs, 1.7 ± 0.1 m, 74.5 ± 7.7 kg, DEXA body fat % 17.2 ± 6.6, VO2max 57.4 ...
Chang Hyukki H Institute of Sports Science, Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Seoul National University , - - 2009
Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats are an animal model for obesity and Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus by hyperphagia. The lactate threshold (LT) is used to determinate aerobic capacity and exercise intensity in individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine whether velocity at the LT (VLT), glucose, ...
Kang Sunghwun S Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education ; Department of - - 2009
The aim of study was to evaluate whether circuit resistance exercise (CE) improves glycemic control and adipokine levels in comparison with walking exercise (WE) in 15 adult postmenopausal Korean females with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The participants were randomly assigned to either the CE or WE group. Subjects exercised ...
Ishii Kaori K Tokyo Medical University, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, - - 2009
The perception of barriers to exercise is an important correlate of exercise participation. However, only a limited number of studies-mostly from Western countries-have attempted to describe the perceptions of barriers to exercise in specific population groups. This study examined the associations between sociodemographic attributes and perceived barriers to exercise in ...
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