Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1102
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Mustata Stefan - - 2011
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have impaired performance in physical tasks, lower health-related quality of life and high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Moderate intensity exercise has been shown to provide cardiovascular and metabolic benefits in healthy individuals and patients without CKD. Long-term exercise training is recommended as a vital ...
Tamari Kotaro - - 2010
Tamari K. Baseline comorbidity associated with the short-term effects of exercise intervention on quality of life in the Japanese older population: an observational study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of responses to a class-based exercise program in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). DESIGN: A 3-month prospective cohort study. SETTING: ...
Fluker Shelly-Ann - - 2010
Clinical guidelines recommend that physicians counsel patients on diet and exercise; however, physician counseling remains suboptimal. To determine if incorporating performance improvement (PI) methodologies into a needs assessment for an internal medicine (IM) residency curriculum on nutrition and exercise counseling was feasible and enhanced our understanding of the curricular needs. ...
McGale Nadine - - 2010
Objective This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a team-based sport/psychosocial intervention (Back of the Net, BTN) with an individual exercise (IE) and a control condition for the mental health of young men. Design Ten-week randomized control trial and eight-week post-intervention follow-up. Methods A total of 104 sedentary males aged ...
Yager Zali - - 2010
This study examined the impact of two interventions on body image, eating disorder risk and excessive exercise among 170 (65% female) trainee health education and physical education (HE&PE) teachers of mean (standard deviation) age 21.6 (2.3) who were considered an 'at-risk' population for poor body image and eating disorders. In ...
Burke Megan F - - 2010
Regular physical activity and especially aerobic exercise are associated with reduced risk of disease and enhanced longevity, but the molecular mechanisms of these health benefits remain obscure. A comprehensive metabolomic approach was used to characterize the changes in blood levels of >200 metabolites upon vigorous exercise and identified two dozen ...
Berryman Jack W - - 2010
Much of the early information about exercise and medicine appeared in the ancient, medieval, and Renaissance medical literature in the context of the "six things nonnatural." These were the things that were under everyone's own control, directly influenced health, and became the central part of the new "physical education" movement ...
Dunn Andrea L - - 2010
Including exercise for the prevention and treatment of mental disorders is a promising area of research for exercise scientists since data indicate that many of these disorders are not treated at all, and there is a significant delay in treatment. This review provides an appraisal of the recent use of ...
de Groot Gudrun Cathrine Lindgren - - 2011
Abstract The aim of this study was to describe motivating factors and barriers for older adults to adhere to group exercise in the local community aiming to prevent falls, and thereby gain knowledge about how health professionals can stimulate adherence. The motivation equation was used as a theoretical framework. Data ...
Jin Seung-A Annie - - 2010
What are important factors to consider when designing health messages to improve people's physical activity using avatar-based exergames? Does the effectiveness of health messages embedded in exergames depend on players' self-construal? Drawing on regulatory focus theory and the literature on self-construals, this study examined the effects of imposing a prevention ...
Ulmer Christi S - - 2010
Although most U.S. adults have initiated an exercise program at some time, only a fraction are able to maintain consistent exercise. Instead, research suggests that intermittent exercise is commonplace among U.S. adults, underscoring the importance of identifying factors associated with consistent exercise at a level that promotes health and long-term ...
Barton Jo - - 2010
Green exercise is activity in the presence of nature. Evidence shows it leads to positive short and long-term health outcomes. This multistudy analysis assessed the best regime of dose(s) of acute exposure to green exercise required to improve self-esteem and mood (indicators of mental health). The research used meta-analysis methodology ...
Weinstock Jeremiah J Calhoun Cardiology Center-Behavioral Health within the Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030-3944, USA. - - 2010
College students have high rates of alcohol problems despite a number of intervention initiatives designed to reduce alcohol use. Substance use, including heavy drinking, often occurs at the expense of other, substance-free, activities. This review examines the promotion of one specific substance-free activity-exercise-as an intervention for hazardous drinking. Exercise has ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CpET) and serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with single or systemic right ventricles. The study group included 40 patients (16 males) - 17 with transposition of the great arteries after Senning operation, 13 ...
Waryasz Gregory R - - 2010
PURPOSE: To review the current recommendations for physical activity in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and propose methods to optimize compliance, reduce the pharmaceutical burden, and improve the general health and well-being of patients with T2DM. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, SportDiscus, Ovid MEDLINE, Psychinfo, Web of Science, LexisNexis, and EBM reviews. ...
Baldwin Kenneth M KM Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2010
This decadal perspective summarizes novel, insightful observations achieved in exercise science. The topics span genomics and gene function, epigenetics, cell signaling, epidemiological phenomena, and other important areas. A future strategy is presented along two parallel, integrated paths involving the following: 1) a continuance of genomic discovery and gene function, and ...
Ristow Michael - - 2010
Recent evidence suggests that calorie restriction and specifically reduced glucose metabolism induces mitochondrial metabolism to extend life span in various model organisms, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans and possibly mice. In conflict with Harman's free radical theory of aging (FRTA), these effects may be due to increased formation ...
Chan Aileen W K - - 2010
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a 3-month Tai chi Qigong (TCQ) program in promoting the psychosocial functional health of clients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Hong Kong. This study employed a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Two hundred and six COPD clients were randomly assigned into three groups, ...
Rimmer James H - - 2010
The purpose of this article was to provide a comprehensive review of the exercise intervention literature on persons with physical and cognitive disabilities. Electronic searches were conducted to identify research articles published from 1986 to 2006. Of the 80 physical activity/exercise interventions identified in the literature, only 32 were randomized ...
Boos C J - - 2010
Recent operational experience has led to the identification of several potentially serious adverse events related to the use of dietary and exercise supplements among British Army personnel. This study aimed to establish the point prevalence of dietary and exercise supplement usage in British soldiers on Op TELIC during January 2009. ...
Passalent Laura A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and extent of exercise used by an ankylosing spondylitis (AS) cohort and to examine patients' perceptions of exercise. Recommendations for the management of AS identify exercise as the cornerstone of comprehensive management. METHODS: An exercise inventory questionnaire and the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale (EBBS) ...
Lovell Geoff P - - 2010
Many individuals do not engage in sufficient physical activity due to low perceived benefits and high perceived barriers to exercise. Given the increasing incidence of obesity and obesity related health disorders, this topic requires further exploration. We used the Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale to assess perceived benefit and barrier intensities to ...
Rees Daniel I - - 2010
Recent U.S. government recommendations state that increased physical activity can substantially improve adolescent psychological well-being. However, many of the studies upon which this conclusion is based did not adequately address the role of difficult-to-measure factors that could be correlated with both physical activity and adolescent mental health. The primary aim ...
Pascucci Mary Ann - - 2010
This pilot study identified situations related to lifestyle conditions and/or patient rationales that motivated or discouraged military veterans from adhering to prescribed therapies. Adherence to recommendations associated with medication, diet, and exercise enhanced self-management of their chronic disease. Nurses need to understand adherent behavior and roadblocks to adherence in order ...
Schöllhorn Wolfgang I - - 2010
Traditional causal modeling of health interventions tends to be linear in nature and lacks multidisciplinarity. Consequently, strategies for exercise prescription in health maintenance are typically group based and focused on the role of a common optimal health status template toward which all individuals should aspire. In this paper, we discuss ...
Nakano Harumi - - 2010
We measured how much physical exercise of moderate-to-high intensity was performed daily during commuting times by office workers who reside in the Greater Tokyo Area and use a train for commuting. The physical activity was measured by a portable accelerometer, Omron HJA-350 IT, which records METs (Metabolic Equivalents) every minute. ...
Ağıl Ayşegül - - 2010
Objective. This study was designed to determine the effects of different short-term exercise programs on menopausal symptoms, psychological health, and quality of life in postmenopausal women. Material and Methods. Forty-two women were chosen from volunteering postmenopausal women presenting to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Bayindir Hospital between March ...
Bushnell P Timothy - - 2010
There is evidence that work schedules may influence rates of unhealthy behaviors, suggesting that addressing work schedule challenges may improve health. Health Risk Assessment (HRA) survey responses were collected during 2000-2008 in a multinational chemical and coatings manufacturer. Responses of 26,442 were sufficiently complete for analysis. Rates of smoking, lack ...
Helmink Judith Hm - - 2010
The number of patients with diabetes is increasing. BeweegKuur (Dutch for 'Exercise Therapy') is a Dutch lifestyle intervention which aims to effectively and feasibly promote physical activity and better dietary behaviour in primary health care to prevent diabetes. The goal of this paper is to present the development process and ...
Quinn Mary Ellen - - 2010
The health benefits of regular exercise are well documented, yet there has been limited success in the promotion of regular exercise in older African American women. Based on theoretical and evidence-based findings, the authors recommend a behavioral self-efficacy approach to guide exercise interventions in this high-risk population. Interventions should be ...
Ross Alyson - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Exercise is considered an acceptable method for improving and maintaining physical and emotional health. A growing body of evidence supports the belief that yoga benefits physical and mental health via down-regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The purpose of this article is to ...
Hagberg Lars Axel - - 2010
The cost of time spent on exercise is an important factor in societal-perspective health economic analyses of interventions aimed at promoting physical activity. However, there are no existing measuring methods for estimating time costs. The aim of this article is to describe a way to measure the costs of time ...
Montoya Arizabaleta Ana Victoria - - 2010
Does supervised aerobic exercise during pregnancy improve health-related quality of life in nulliparous women? Analysis of secondary outcomes of a randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors, and intention-to-treat analysis. 64 nulliparous, pregnant women attending for prenatal care at one of three tertiary hospitals. The experimental group completed a 3-month ...
Shugart Christine - - 2010
Exercise is recommended for individuals with diabetes mellitus, and several facets of the disease must be considered when managing the diabetic athlete. The purpose of this article is to review diabetes care in the context of sports participation. Relevant studies were identified through a literature search of MEDLINE and the ...
Clark Alexander M - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) self-care relates to the decisions made outside clinical settings by the individual with HF to maintain life, healthy functioning, and well-being. The people who help patients most (ie, caregivers/family members) should be involved in care, and general principles of health behavior change should be used to guide ...
Radak Zsolt Z Research Institute of Sport Science, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder affecting the elderly population. It is predicted that the incidence of AD will be increased in the future making this disease one of the greatest medical, social, and economic challenges for individuals, families, and the health care system worldwide. The etiology of ...
Gorczynski Paul P Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, 55 Harbord St, Toronto, Canada, On M5S - - 2010
The health benefits of physical activity and exercise are well documented and these effects could help people with schizophrenia. To determine the mental health effects of exercise/physical activity programmes for people with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses. We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (December 2008) which is based on ...
McCrindle Brian W - - 2010
Patients after the Fontan procedure are at risk for suboptimal functional health status, and associations with laboratory measures are important for planning interventions and outcome measures for clinical trials. Parents completed the generic Child Health Questionnaire for 511 Fontan Cross-Sectional Study patients 6 to 18 years of age (61% male). ...
Murphy Marie H - - 2010
The increased prevalence of CVD deaths in the past 60 years is a result in considerable part of the influence of environmental and lifestyle changes, including decreased daily energy expenditure through physical exertion. Physical activity prescription has therefore become an important public health issue. Exercise guidelines have evolved considerably since ...
Sea Jason - - 2009
It has been long appreciated that a healthy lifestyle plays a critical role in cardiovascular health. It is now apparent that the same is true in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Since 1995, 14 studies have been identified that investigate the clinical ...
Podlog Leslie - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceived factors affecting workers'participation in an exercise intervention and interpret the findings within self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000a; 2007). Research examining the impact of psychological need satisfaction on exercise outcomes is not well established (McDonough & Crocke, 2007; Ryan & ...
Miller Wayne C - - 2010
To compare attitudes of overweight (OW) and normal weight (NW) adults regarding health club exercise. A 46-item survey (23 pairs of attitude/value statements) measured attitudes toward exercising at a health club 30 minutes, twice a week, for a month. Survey posted on surveymonkey.com. Respondents (men = 730, women = 822). ...
Yang Kuender D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exhaustive exercise can be associated with short-term immune suppression, but moderate exercise such as tai chi chuan (TCC) has been shown to have beneficial effects on immunity. The mechanisms for the health benefits of exercise remain to be determined, and no potential biomarkers for these beneficial health effects have ...
Speed Cathy - - 2009
Sport and exercise medicine involves the provision of preventative and reactive care for all aspects of health in relation to sport and the use of exercise prescription in the management of health and disease. This article gives an overview of the specialty as it develops in the UK.
Day Sharlene M - - 2009
The risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) associated with vigorous athletic competition in individuals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is well documented, and is the basis for recommended exclusion from competitive sports independent of other risk factors. Although SCD risk with recreational exercise is less well defined, published guidelines for participation ...
McCorry Noleen K - - 2009
Perceptions of exercise among nonattenders of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) were explored using semi-structured interviews. Analysis indicated that participants did not recognize the cardiovascular benefits of exercise, and perceived keeping active through daily activities as sufficient for health. Health professionals were perceived to downplay the importance of exercise and CR, and ...
Petter Mark - - 2009
Despite the well-documented benefits of exercise, adherence among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) has been low during and after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as well as among patients not attending CR. Therefore, an understanding of the factors that influence exercise in this population is crucial to assist in the development ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Exercise for Lymphoma Patients trial showed that aerobic exercise training improved important health outcomes in lymphoma patients. Here, we examine potential moderators of the exercise training response. METHODS: Lymphoma patients were stratified by major disease type and current treatment status and randomly assigned to usual care (n ...
Holliday Simon S School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2009
Quantify rates of awareness about, and ownership of, End-of-Life Planning (ELP) instruments. Examine whether this rate is increased by brief education during routine team care. Measure the time required by this exercise. Quality Improvement Activity. General Practice on Mid-North Coast, New South Wales. Forty-two consecutive, consenting elderly patients undertaking a ...
Korkiakangas Eveliina E - - 2009
The aim of this systematic review was to identify the reported barriers to regular exercise among adults either at high risk or already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D), because of the importance of exercise in the prevention of T2D. We searched the MEDLINE, Cinahl and PsycINFO databases. All potentially ...
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