Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1092
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Ulmer Christi S - - 2010
Although most U.S. adults have initiated an exercise program at some time, only a fraction are able to maintain consistent exercise. Instead, research suggests that intermittent exercise is commonplace among U.S. adults, underscoring the importance of identifying factors associated with consistent exercise at a level that promotes health and long-term ...
Barton Jo - - 2010
Green exercise is activity in the presence of nature. Evidence shows it leads to positive short and long-term health outcomes. This multistudy analysis assessed the best regime of dose(s) of acute exposure to green exercise required to improve self-esteem and mood (indicators of mental health). The research used meta-analysis methodology ...
Weinstock Jeremiah - - 2010
College students have high rates of alcohol problems despite a number of intervention initiatives designed to reduce alcohol use. Substance use, including heavy drinking, often occurs at the expense of other, substance-free, activities. This review examines the promotion of one specific substance-free activity-exercise-as an intervention for hazardous drinking. Exercise has ...
Trojnarska Olga - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate exercise capacity using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CpET) and serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with single or systemic right ventricles. The study group included 40 patients (16 males) - 17 with transposition of the great arteries after Senning operation, 13 ...
Waryasz Gregory R - - 2010
PURPOSE: To review the current recommendations for physical activity in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and propose methods to optimize compliance, reduce the pharmaceutical burden, and improve the general health and well-being of patients with T2DM. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, SportDiscus, Ovid MEDLINE, Psychinfo, Web of Science, LexisNexis, and EBM reviews. ...
Baldwin Kenneth M - - 2010
This decadal perspective summarizes novel, insightful observations achieved in exercise science. The topics span genomics and gene function, epigenetics, cell signaling, epidemiological phenomena, and other important areas. A future strategy is presented along two parallel, integrated paths involving the following: 1) a continuance of genomic discovery and gene function, and ...
Ristow Michael - - 2010
Recent evidence suggests that calorie restriction and specifically reduced glucose metabolism induces mitochondrial metabolism to extend life span in various model organisms, including Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans and possibly mice. In conflict with Harman's free radical theory of aging (FRTA), these effects may be due to increased formation ...
Chan Aileen W K - - 2010
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a 3-month Tai chi Qigong (TCQ) program in promoting the psychosocial functional health of clients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Hong Kong. This study employed a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Two hundred and six COPD clients were randomly assigned into three groups, ...
Rimmer James H - - 2010
The purpose of this article was to provide a comprehensive review of the exercise intervention literature on persons with physical and cognitive disabilities. Electronic searches were conducted to identify research articles published from 1986 to 2006. Of the 80 physical activity/exercise interventions identified in the literature, only 32 were randomized ...
Boos C J - - 2010
Recent operational experience has led to the identification of several potentially serious adverse events related to the use of dietary and exercise supplements among British Army personnel. This study aimed to establish the point prevalence of dietary and exercise supplement usage in British soldiers on Op TELIC during January 2009. ...
Passalent Laura A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and extent of exercise used by an ankylosing spondylitis (AS) cohort and to examine patients' perceptions of exercise. Recommendations for the management of AS identify exercise as the cornerstone of comprehensive management. METHODS: An exercise inventory questionnaire and the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale (EBBS) ...
Lovell Geoff P - - 2010
Many individuals do not engage in sufficient physical activity due to low perceived benefits and high perceived barriers to exercise. Given the increasing incidence of obesity and obesity related health disorders, this topic requires further exploration. We used the Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale to assess perceived benefit and barrier intensities to ...
Rees Daniel I - - 2010
Recent U.S. government recommendations state that increased physical activity can substantially improve adolescent psychological well-being. However, many of the studies upon which this conclusion is based did not adequately address the role of difficult-to-measure factors that could be correlated with both physical activity and adolescent mental health. The primary aim ...
Pascucci Mary Ann - - 2010
This pilot study identified situations related to lifestyle conditions and/or patient rationales that motivated or discouraged military veterans from adhering to prescribed therapies. Adherence to recommendations associated with medication, diet, and exercise enhanced self-management of their chronic disease. Nurses need to understand adherent behavior and roadblocks to adherence in order ...
Schöllhorn Wolfgang I - - 2010
Traditional causal modeling of health interventions tends to be linear in nature and lacks multidisciplinarity. Consequently, strategies for exercise prescription in health maintenance are typically group based and focused on the role of a common optimal health status template toward which all individuals should aspire. In this paper, we discuss ...
Nakano Harumi - - 2010
We measured how much physical exercise of moderate-to-high intensity was performed daily during commuting times by office workers who reside in the Greater Tokyo Area and use a train for commuting. The physical activity was measured by a portable accelerometer, Omron HJA-350 IT, which records METs (Metabolic Equivalents) every minute. ...
Ağıl Ayşegül - - 2010
Objective. This study was designed to determine the effects of different short-term exercise programs on menopausal symptoms, psychological health, and quality of life in postmenopausal women. Material and Methods. Forty-two women were chosen from volunteering postmenopausal women presenting to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Bayindir Hospital between March ...
Bushnell P Timothy - - 2010
There is evidence that work schedules may influence rates of unhealthy behaviors, suggesting that addressing work schedule challenges may improve health. Health Risk Assessment (HRA) survey responses were collected during 2000-2008 in a multinational chemical and coatings manufacturer. Responses of 26,442 were sufficiently complete for analysis. Rates of smoking, lack ...
Helmink Judith Hm - - 2010
The number of patients with diabetes is increasing. BeweegKuur (Dutch for 'Exercise Therapy') is a Dutch lifestyle intervention which aims to effectively and feasibly promote physical activity and better dietary behaviour in primary health care to prevent diabetes. The goal of this paper is to present the development process and ...
Quinn Mary Ellen - - 2010
The health benefits of regular exercise are well documented, yet there has been limited success in the promotion of regular exercise in older African American women. Based on theoretical and evidence-based findings, the authors recommend a behavioral self-efficacy approach to guide exercise interventions in this high-risk population. Interventions should be ...
Ross Alyson - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Exercise is considered an acceptable method for improving and maintaining physical and emotional health. A growing body of evidence supports the belief that yoga benefits physical and mental health via down-regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The purpose of this article is to ...
Hagberg Lars Axel - - 2010
The cost of time spent on exercise is an important factor in societal-perspective health economic analyses of interventions aimed at promoting physical activity. However, there are no existing measuring methods for estimating time costs. The aim of this article is to describe a way to measure the costs of time ...
Montoya Arizabaleta Ana Victoria - - 2010
Does supervised aerobic exercise during pregnancy improve health-related quality of life in nulliparous women? Analysis of secondary outcomes of a randomised trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors, and intention-to-treat analysis. 64 nulliparous, pregnant women attending for prenatal care at one of three tertiary hospitals. The experimental group completed a 3-month ...
Shugart Christine - - 2010
Exercise is recommended for individuals with diabetes mellitus, and several facets of the disease must be considered when managing the diabetic athlete. The purpose of this article is to review diabetes care in the context of sports participation. Relevant studies were identified through a literature search of MEDLINE and the ...
Gorczynski Paul - - 2010
The health benefits of physical activity and exercise are well documented and these effects could help people with schizophrenia. To determine the mental health effects of exercise/physical activity programmes for people with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses. We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (December 2008) which is based on ...
Clark Alexander M - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) self-care relates to the decisions made outside clinical settings by the individual with HF to maintain life, healthy functioning, and well-being. The people who help patients most (ie, caregivers/family members) should be involved in care, and general principles of health behavior change should be used to guide ...
Radak Zsolt Z Research Institute of Sport Science, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder affecting the elderly population. It is predicted that the incidence of AD will be increased in the future making this disease one of the greatest medical, social, and economic challenges for individuals, families, and the health care system worldwide. The etiology of ...
McCrindle Brian W - - 2010
Patients after the Fontan procedure are at risk for suboptimal functional health status, and associations with laboratory measures are important for planning interventions and outcome measures for clinical trials. Parents completed the generic Child Health Questionnaire for 511 Fontan Cross-Sectional Study patients 6 to 18 years of age (61% male). ...
Murphy Marie H - - 2010
The increased prevalence of CVD deaths in the past 60 years is a result in considerable part of the influence of environmental and lifestyle changes, including decreased daily energy expenditure through physical exertion. Physical activity prescription has therefore become an important public health issue. Exercise guidelines have evolved considerably since ...
Sea Jason - - 2009
It has been long appreciated that a healthy lifestyle plays a critical role in cardiovascular health. It is now apparent that the same is true in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Since 1995, 14 studies have been identified that investigate the clinical ...
Podlog Leslie - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceived factors affecting workers'participation in an exercise intervention and interpret the findings within self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000a; 2007). Research examining the impact of psychological need satisfaction on exercise outcomes is not well established (McDonough & Crocke, 2007; Ryan & ...
Miller Wayne C - - 2010
To compare attitudes of overweight (OW) and normal weight (NW) adults regarding health club exercise. A 46-item survey (23 pairs of attitude/value statements) measured attitudes toward exercising at a health club 30 minutes, twice a week, for a month. Survey posted on surveymonkey.com. Respondents (men = 730, women = 822). ...
Yang Kuender D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exhaustive exercise can be associated with short-term immune suppression, but moderate exercise such as tai chi chuan (TCC) has been shown to have beneficial effects on immunity. The mechanisms for the health benefits of exercise remain to be determined, and no potential biomarkers for these beneficial health effects have ...
Speed Cathy - - 2009
Sport and exercise medicine involves the provision of preventative and reactive care for all aspects of health in relation to sport and the use of exercise prescription in the management of health and disease. This article gives an overview of the specialty as it develops in the UK.
Day Sharlene M - - 2009
The risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) associated with vigorous athletic competition in individuals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is well documented, and is the basis for recommended exclusion from competitive sports independent of other risk factors. Although SCD risk with recreational exercise is less well defined, published guidelines for participation ...
McCorry Noleen K - - 2009
Perceptions of exercise among nonattenders of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) were explored using semi-structured interviews. Analysis indicated that participants did not recognize the cardiovascular benefits of exercise, and perceived keeping active through daily activities as sufficient for health. Health professionals were perceived to downplay the importance of exercise and CR, and ...
Petter Mark - - 2009
Despite the well-documented benefits of exercise, adherence among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) has been low during and after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) as well as among patients not attending CR. Therefore, an understanding of the factors that influence exercise in this population is crucial to assist in the development ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Exercise for Lymphoma Patients trial showed that aerobic exercise training improved important health outcomes in lymphoma patients. Here, we examine potential moderators of the exercise training response. METHODS: Lymphoma patients were stratified by major disease type and current treatment status and randomly assigned to usual care (n ...
Holliday Simon - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Quantify rates of awareness about, and ownership of, End-of-Life Planning (ELP) instruments. Examine whether this rate is increased by brief education during routine team care. Measure the time required by this exercise. DESIGN: Quality Improvement Activity. SETTING: General Practice on Mid-North Coast, New South Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two consecutive, consenting ...
Korkiakangas Eveliina E - - 2009
The aim of this systematic review was to identify the reported barriers to regular exercise among adults either at high risk or already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D), because of the importance of exercise in the prevention of T2D. We searched the MEDLINE, Cinahl and PsycINFO databases. All potentially ...
Tilling Carl C School of Health and Related Research, Department of Economics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. - - 2010
In 1996 the Washington Panel controversially recommended valuing productivity costs (PC) in terms of quality-adjusted life years. The Panel's assumption that respondents in health state valuation (HSV) exercises take income losses into account could not be countered since there was no evidence regarding what people consider in HSV exercises. If ...
Dunton Genevieve F - - 2009
PURPOSE: Rising rates of physical inactivity and obesity in the United States highlight the critical need to identify contexts and settings that are conducive to the promotion of recreational physical activity. The current study investigated whether the intensity and duration of sports and exercise bouts differ across physical and social ...
Misigoj-Duraković Marjeta - - 2009
The article deals with physical exercise in the early prevention of metabolic syndrome, which is one of the most frequent diseases today. Sedentary life style of modern man, surrounded by sophisticated technological achievements, supersedes the time spent in motion in all age groups, from the earliest childhood. The growing number ...
Miller Wayne C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the social pressure overweight (OW, n=1183) and normal-weight (NW, n=550) adults perceive regarding health club exercise. METHODS: A 12-item survey, based on the theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior, measured subjective norm toward exercising at a health club 30 min, twice a week, for ...
Taymoori P - - 2009
A cluster random sample of 1073 students in the Islamic Republic of Iran (mean age 14.37 years) completed a self-report questionnaire consisting of an exercise measure, selected constructs of Pender's health promotion model and an assessment of stages of behaviour change in exercise. In multivariate discriminant analysis, exercise self-efficacy, perceived ...
Eley Diann S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for chronic disease. Physical activity plays an important role in increasing wellbeing and reducing weight. General practitioners' advice and intervention can help patients increase their physical activity. This pilot study is part of a larger study investigating physical activity opportunities in rural ...
Brickell Tracey A - - 2010
Physical activity programmes that include a motivational counselling component can be effective at increasing exercise participation. Reliable screening procedures could provide a cost effective method of identifying and channelling those 'at risk' for non-participation into a motivational counselling intervention and increase participation and long-term adherence. Traditional statistical methods have played ...
Holla J - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in health-related quality of life after eight to twelve months of recreational exercise in patients with rheumatic diseases (inflammatory joint disease, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia and other generalized pain syndromes), and to determine whether patient (age, sex, diagnosis) and exercise characteristics (follow-up time, ...
Sagara Takiko - - 2009
Overweight and poor psychological well-being are becoming serious health issues in the Japanese workplace. Concurrence of those physical and mental conditions has been pointed out, especially in middle-aged workers. Therefore, we tried to determine common risk factors for body weight gain and the deterioration of psychological well-being in male middle-aged ...
Bushell William C - - 2009
This chapter briefly reviews recent psychological, physiological, molecular biological, and anthropological research which has important implications, both direct and indirect, for the recognition and understanding of the potential life span and health span enhancing effects of the basic yoga meditational regimen. This regimen consists of meditation, yogic breath control practices, ...
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